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produse l or agri c ole

Vol. XII ( XLVIII ) - 2007

PRELIMINARY DATA ABOUT THE ROMANIAN-TURKISH


COLABORATION IN THE STUDY OF THE LICHENS FROM
COZIA MOUNT

Iulian COSTACHEi, Mustafa YAVUZii,


Gülşah ÇOBANOĞLUiii, Daniel RĂDUŢOIUi,
Irina RADUiv

Key words: colaboration researches, lichens, Cozia Mount, Romania, Turkey

ABSTRACT

The work has an informativ character concerning the colaboration Romanian-


Turkish in the study of the lichens from the Cozia Mount. The plan of colaboration had
been solicited and initiated of the partners from Turkey, that had accomplished a Website
about Lichens of Cozia:http://cozialichens.googlepages.com/ and cozialichens@gmail.com.
At the research had also taken part: Irina RADU- The Technical Forest College Rm.-
Valcea, Pavel PRUNDEL- The Administration of the Cozia National Park. Of course, had
been invited to join the group experts from the university center Cluj, certain the
distinguished professor Maria Ciurchea and professor Decebal-Radu CIURCHEA, that
had honored us with his presence at Căciulata for two days, occasion to take place the
honorable meet with the partners of Turkey.

INTRODUCTION

The Cozia Mount, according to some testimonies it would be “Kogaionon, the


saint mountain of the Dacians” [9]. The Cozia Mount, placed at the east of The Defile of
Olt, form part of the Mountains Fagaras group, beeing the south-occident subdivision of
those. The Fagaraş Mountains, in total amount, form part of The Cozia National Park, being
located in the central zone of Romania, in the central-south part of the Meridional
Carphatians, being recrossed, from north to south, of the Olt River. From the
administrative point of view, forms part of the Valcea district.
According to our pre-research on Cozia Mount, eligible area for lichen collecting
is about 117, 6 km2 that is a part of National Park of Cozia. This possible study area is a
large rectangle with sides of 6’ x 8’ length. The coordinates of the corners are; from North
to South: 45022’N-24025’E, 45016’N-24025’E and from East to West 45022’N-24o17’E,
45016’N-4017’E. There are 6 squares from East to West and 8 squares from North to South.
Each square has 1’ x 1’ dimensions and will be called ‘Grid’. This grid system will make
our work easier and well organised. Data about the plan of research can be found on the
Website about Lichens of Cozia. http://cozialichens.googlepages.com/ and
cozialichens@gmail.com. Geology and geomorphology. From the geological point of view
i
Universitatea din Craiova, Facultatea de Horticultură, Catedra de Biologie, 15 Libertăţii, 200583 Craiova,
Romania. E-mail: iuliuscostache@yahoo.com
ii
Teacher of Biology, Comenius Coordinator Kaynarca Sevket Sabanci Lisesi 34899 Pendik - ISTANBUL -
TURKEY
iii
University of Marmara Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, Göztepe Kampüsü 34722
Kadıköy
iv
Profesor ecologie. Colegiul Tehnic Forestier Rm.-Vâlcea.

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prevail gneiss, known under the name of „gneiss of Cozia“, like crystals of orthoclase and
granate. The southern unit it is formed by limestone of reef, conglomerates with elements
of gneiss and gritstones (all of cretaceous age), packets of rocks that sink into new
sedimentary systems. The relief of the Cozia National Park, with a departure of altitude of
about 1.360 m (between the Olt Valley and the Top Cozia, 1.668 m), it is characterized by a
dynamic aspect: big differences of level on small areas, steep slopes and relief with aspect
of ruins. Hydrology. All the rivers that drain the Cozia National Park are tributaries to Olt,
either directly (Băiaşu, Lotrişorul, Păuşa, Călineştiul etc.), or indirectly, through the
gathering of those of the Lotru (Văsilatu etc.). Climate. The annual average temperature at
the Cozia station (1.573 m alt.) is of 3,30C, and the average quantity of precipitation is of
1.015 mm/year. With the decrease of the altitudes the annual average temperature grows,
reaching 100C in the Olt Valley, and the precipitation decline till 700 mm/year. The
southern slopes are being submitted to the influence of the warmer air which advances to
north longways Olt, which influences the local vegetation. Flora and vegetation. The flora
of the park is extremely luxuriant, having approximately 932 taxons. Endemite narrow local
are: Centaurea stoebe var. coziensis and Stipa pulcherrima crassiculmis (S. crassiculmis),
like also numerous rare species. A characteristic of the Cozia massif is the inversion of the
altitudinal disposal of the levels of forest vegetation (the durmast reaches the highest
altitude in Romania 1200- 1300 m, and the fir and the beech goes down till 300-400 m
altitude. The wooden vegetation is characterized by durmast forests (Quercus dalechampii,
Quercus petraea, the pricipal vegetal association identified being: Potentillo micranthae-
Quercetum dalechampii A.O.Horvát 1981 - till altitudes of 1026m, 45018'N-24021'E, in
Oltenia region, the association it is mentioned just from Inferior Basin of the Motru River
[8] and in the Cerna of Olteţ River Basin [11]), of beech (Fagus sylvatica) and of spruce
fir (Picea abies), and others.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The lichen flora of Romania has been studied since over 150 years and the results
are found in over 300 publications. Moruzi et al. (1967) presented a survey (in Romanian)
of all available floristic information. Following practice of that time, these authors included
many infraspecific entities, listing a total of 2575 taxa [5].
Researches about lichens from Cozia Mount had effectuated: Codoreanu &
Ciurchea [7] mentioning on gneiss, at altitudes between 1000-1200 m, 35 species of
lichens; Bartók [1] mentiones 36 species of lichens, some of them had been reconsiderated
by nomenclature and included in ”Catalog of lichens in Romania” by Ciurchea [4].
The field study has been effectuated according to the research plan established on
the Website: http://cozialichens.googlepages.com/ and cozialichens@gmail.com. Of course
it will come the phase of the analysis in the laboratory for the identification for certain of
the lichen species, phase that will be realized by the partners from Turkey.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS


In synthesis, it will be presented the genera and some of the species identified in
the research, like also the species named until now (written in the quadratic parenthesis).
New genera identified on the Cozia Mountain: Anaptychia Körb.; Baeomyces
Pers.; Bryoria Brodo & D.Hawksw.; Buellia De Not.; Candelaria A.Massal.; Caloplaca
Th. Fr. - pe Quercus robur, of over 120 years, Culmea Mavrei Schitul Cornet, 384m,
45022’996N - 24017’985E; on cement, the Stânişoara Monastery, 737m, 45019’777N -
24017’928E; Collema Weber ex F. H. Wigg. - pe Quercus robur, Culmea Mavrei Schitul

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Cornet, of over 120 years, at 384m, 45022’996N - 24017’985E; Ephebe Fr.; Graphis
Adanson - on Carpinus betulus (Culmea Mavrei Schitul Cornet, in Potentillo micranthae-
Quercetum dalechampii A.O.Horvát 1981, 334m, 45023’052N - 24018’E); Lobaria
(Schreb.) Hoffm. - on Fagus sylvatica under the Cozia top; Leproloma Nyl. ex Crombie;
Lobothallia (Clauzade & Cl.Roux) Hafellner; Melanelia (De Not.) Essl.; Neofuscelia
Essl.; Squamarina Poelt; Synalissa Fr.; Toninia A. Massal.; Verrucaria Schrad.;
Xanthoparmelia (Vain.) Hale; Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. - pe Carpinus betulus (Culmea
Mavrei Schitul Cornet, in Potentillo micranthae-Quercetum dalechampii A.O.Horvát 1981,
334m, 45023’052N - 24018’E; on Quercus robur, of over 120 years, Culmea Mavrei Schitul
Cornet, 384m, 45022’996N - 24017’985E; on cement, Stânişoara Monastery, 737m,
45019’777N - 24017’928E.
Genera named and refound in the Cozia Mount: Acarospora A. Massal.
[Acarospora bullata Anzi, Acarospora fuscata (Nyl.) Th.Fr. [4, 7]]; Aspicilia A. Massal.
[Aspicilia cinerea (L.) Körb. (Lecanora cinerea (L.) Sommerf.), Aspicilia gibbosa (Ach.)
Körb. (Lecanora gibbosa (Ach.) Nyl.) [4, 7]]; Candelariella Müll. Arg. - on cement,
Culmea Mavrei Schitul Cornet, 384m, 45022’996N - 24017’985E, on cement, Stânişoara
Monastery, 737m, 45019’777N - 24017’928E, [Candelariella vitellina (Hoffm.) Müll. Arg.
(Candelariella flavovirella (Nyl.) Lettau) [4, 7]]; Carbonea (Hertel) Hertel [Carbonea
assimilis (Körb.) Hafellner & Hertel (Lecidea assimilis (Hampe ex Körb.) Th.Fr.) [4, 7]];
Catillaria A. Massal. [Catillaria chalybeia (Borrer) A.Massal. [7, 4]]; Cetraria Ach.-
Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach. - in Festuco rubrae-Agrostetum capillaris Horvat 1951, under
the Cozia top [Bartok [1] names her next to Cetraria chlorophylla (Willd.) Vain. - in
Scorzonero-Festucetum nigricantis (Puşc. et al. 56), la 1560-1660m alt.]; Cladonia Hill ex
Browne - Cladonia fimbriata (L.) Fr. - on rocks, Culmea Mavrei Schitul Cornet, 384m,
45022’996N - 24017’985E, next to Cladonia coniocraea (Flörke) Spreng. em. Sandst - on
Alnus glutinosa, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 351m, 45022’282N - 24018’405E; on punk under the
Cozia top, Cladonia rangiferina (L.) Weber ex F. H. Wigg. (Cladonia alpestris Vain.) - in
Festuco rubrae-Agrostetum capillaris Horvat 1951, under Cozia top [Cladonia furcata
(Huds.) Schrad., Cladonia arbuscula (Wallr.) Rabenh. (Cladonia sylvatica (L.) Hoffm.;
Cladonia mitis Sandst.), Cladonia rangiformis Hoffm. - in Scorzonero-Festucetum
nigricantis (Puşc. et al. 56), at 1560-1660 m alt. [1, 4]]; Dermatocarpon Eschw. - on rocks
towards Gardului Waterfall, [Dermatocarpon miniatum (L.) Mann [4, 7]]; Diploschistes
Norman [Diploschistes scruposus (Schreb.) Norman [4, 7]]; Evernia Ach. - Evernia
prunastri (L.) Ach. - on braches of Alnus incana, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 351m, 45022’282N
- 24018’405E; on punk, between Lotru railway station and Urzica, 330m, 45020’199N -
24016’736E; on Betula pendula, after Stânişoara Monastery, towards Cozia top, 821m,
45018’067N - 24020’344E; on Picea abies, Larix decidua, under Cozia top, [also named on
Fagus sylvatica [1, 4]]; Hypogymnia (Nyl.) Nyl. - Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl.
(Parmelia physodes Ach.) - on Alnus glutinosa, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 444m, 45021’532N -
24019’262E, on punk, between Lotru railway station and Urzica, 330m 45020’199N -
24016’736E, [next to it being also named Hypogymnia vittata (Ach.) Parrique (Parmelia
vittata Röhl.) - on Quercus polycarpa, Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies [1]]; Imshaugia
S.F.L.Meyer [Imshaugia aleurites (Ach.) S.L.F.Meyer (Parmeliopsis pallescens (Hoffm.)
Zahlbr.) on Pinus sylvestris [1]]; Lecanora Ach. emend. A. Massal. - on cement, Culmea
Mavrei Schitul Cornet, 384m, 45022’996N - 24017’985E; Lecanora argentata (Ach.)
Malme (Lecanora subfuscata H.Magn.) - on Alnus incana, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 373m,
45022’260N - 24018’429E, Lecanora muralis (Schreb.) Rabenh. (Placodium saxicolum
Körb.) - on cement, Stânişoara Monastery, 737m, 45019’777N - 24017’928E, on rocks
towards Gardului Waterfall (named on rocks and stones by Bartok [1]); [Lecanora albella

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(Pers.) Ach. var. albella - Lehnert (1886: 121 under Lecanora pallida), Lecanora allophana
Nyl. (Lecanora subfusca (L.) Ach.) - and on Betula pendula, Lecanora carpinea (L.) Vain.
- Lehnert (1886: 122 under Lecanora pallida var. angulosa) - on Quercus polycarpa, Fagus
sylvatica [1]; Lecanora cenisia Ach. [7, 4]; Lecanora hagenii (Ach.) Ach. - on Fagus
sylvatica [1]; Lecanora polytropa (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Rabenh., Lecanora rupicola (L.)
Zahlbr. (Lecanora sordida (Pers.) Th.Fr.) [7, 4]]; Lecanactis Fr. [Lecanactis latebrarum
(Ach.) Arnold (Lepraria latebrarum (Ach.) Ach. ex Sm.) - on Quercus polycarpa, Betula
pendula, Fagus sylvatica [1]]; Lecidea Ach. [Lecidea alboflava (Körb.) Arnold, Lecidea
lapicida (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea phaeops Nyl. (Lecanora phaeops (Nyl.) Th. Fr., Lecidea
segregula Nyl. [7, 4]]; Lecidella Körb. - on Acer campestre, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 373m,
45022’260N - 24018’429E, [Lecidella elaeochroma (Ach.) M.Choisy (Lecidea parasema
Ach.) - on Fagus sylvatica [1]]; Opegrapha Humb. - on braches of Alnus incana, Carpinus
betulus, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 351m, 45022’282N - 24018’405E, [Opegrapha rufescens
Pers. [1, 4]?)]; Ophioparma Norman [Ophioparma ventosa (L.) Norman (Haematomma
ventosum (L.) A.Massal.) [7, 4]]; Parmelia Ach. - on Carpinus betulus (Culmea Mavrei
Schitul Cornet, in Potentillo micranthae-Quercetum dalechampii A.O.Horvát 1981, 334m,
45023’052N - 24018’056E), on braches of Alnus incana, in Lunca Lotrişorului, 351m,
45022’282N - 24018’405E and on Fraxinus ornus, 373m, 45022’260N -24018’429E; pe
Larix decidua, Fagus sylvatica under Cozia top; Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach., Parmelia
sulcata Taylor - on Betula pendula, after Stânişoara Monastery, towards Cozia top, 821m,
45018’067N - 24020’344E; [also named on Quercus polycarpa, Fagus sylvatica [1]] - on
punk, between Lotru railway station and Urzica, 330m 45020’199N - 24016’736E;
Parmelina Hale [Parmelina quercina (Willd.) Hale (Parmelia quercina (Willd.) Vain.) and
Parmelina tiliacea (Hoffm.) Hale (Parmelia tiliacea Vain.) - on Quercus polycarpa, Fagus
sylvatica [1]]; Parmeliopsis Nyl. [Parmeliopsis hyperopta (Ach.) Arnold - on Quercus
polycarpa ([1, 4]]; Pertusaria DC. - on rocks, the technical left bank of, after Turnu
Monastery, 330m, 45017’800N - 24017’530E; on branches of Alnus incana, in Lunca
Lotrişorului, 351m, 45022’282N - 24018’405E; on cement, Stânişoara Monastery, 737m,
45019’777N - 24017’928E; Pertusaria albescens (Huds.) M.Choisy & Werner (Pertusaria
globulifera (Turner) A.Massal.) and Pertusaria pertusa (Weigel) Tuck. - on Alnus incana,
in Lunca Lotrişorului, 373m, 45022’260N - 24018’429E [the 2 species, like also Pertusaria
amara (Ach.) Nyl. Have also been named on Quercus polycarpa, Fagus sylvatica [1]];
Physcia (Schreb.) Michaux - on Quercus robur, of over 120 years, on rocks, Culmea
Mavrei Schitul Cornet, 384m, 45022’996N - 24017’985E, on branches of Alnus incana, in
Lunca Lotrişorului, 351m, 45022’282N - 24018’405E and Fraxinus ornus, 373m,
45022’260N - 24018’429E, on cement, Stânişoara Monastery, 737m, 45019’777N -
24017’928E, on rocks towards Gardului Waterfall, [Physcia caesia (Hoffm.) Hampe [7, 4]];
Porpidia Körb. [Porpidia macrocarpa (DC.) Hertel & A.J.Schwab (Lecidea macrocarpa
(DC.) Steud.) [7, 4]]; Pseudevernia Zopf - on Pinis sylvestris, Betula pendula and Quercus
dalechampii, after Stânişoara Monastery, towards Cozia top, 821m, 45018’067N -
24020’344E; on Picea abies, Larix decidua, under Cozia top [Pseudevernia furfuracea (L.)
Zopf (Parmelia furfuracea (L.) Ach.) - on Quercus polycarpa, Fagus sylvatica, Pinus
sylvestris, Betula pendula, Picea abies [1]]; Ramalina Ach. - on branches of Alnus incana,
in Lunca Lotrişorului, 351m, 45022’282N - 24018’405E; on cement, Stânişoara Monastery,
737m, 45019’777N - 24017’928E; on Fagus sylvatica under Cozia top; [Ramalina fastigiata
(Pers.) Ach. - on Quercus polycarpa [1]; Ramalina fraxinea (L.) Ach. - Câineni locality
[4]]; Rhizocarpon Ramond ex DC. [Rhizocarpon distinctum Th. Fr., Rhizocarpon
hochstetteri (Körb.) Vain. (Rhizocarpon massalongi Malme), Rhizocarpon melaenum
Körb., Rhizocarpon obscuratum (Ach.) A.Massal., Rhizocarpon oederi (Weber) Körb.,

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Rhizocarpon polycarpum (Hepp) Th.Fr. [7, 4]]; Rinodina (Ach.) Gray [Rinodina cana
(Arnold) Arnold, Rinodina buellioides Metzl. in Arnold, Rinodina rinodinoides (Anzi)
H.Mayrhofer & Scheid. (Buellia rinodinoides Anzi; Rinodina melanocarpa Müll. Arg.) -
being the only station from where is named the species [7, 4]]; Thamnolia Ach. ex Schaer.
[Thamnolia vermicularis (Sw.) Schaer. - in Scorzonero-Festucetum nigricantis (Puşc. et al.
56), la 1560-1660m alt. [1]]; Tephromela M.Choisy [Tephromela atra (Huds.) Hafellner
(Lecanora atra (Huds.) Ach.) [7, 4]]; Usnea Hill - on Betula pendula, after Stânişoara
Monastery, towards Cozia top, 821m, 45018’067N - 24020’344E; on Fagus sylvatica, Larix
decidua, under Cozia top, [Usnea glauca Motyka (Ciurchea [4] after Moruzi, Petria &
Mantu [10] - nr. 2282); Observation: Bartok [1] specifies that he hasn’t had found on Picea
abies characteristic genera, like: Usnea, Ramalina, Alectoria].
Uncertain genera: Bacidia De Not. - on punk, between Gara Lotru and Urzica,
330m, 45020’199N - 24016’736E; Brodoa Goward [Brodoa intestiniformis (Vill.) Goward
(Parmelia encausta Ach.) - on rocks and stones [1]. Ciurchea [4] doesn’t foregoing in the
Cozia Mount ?]; Cetrariella delisei (Bory ex Schaer.) Kärnefelt & Thell (Cetraria delisei
(Bory ex Schaerer) Nyl.; Cetraria hiascens (Fr.) Th. Fr.) - on the ground in meadows [1]).
Observation: Ciurchea [4, 6], doesn’t include the species in the List of the lichens from
Romania, probable doesen’t recognize the taxon named by Bartok [1] being Cetraria
hiascens; Cetrelia W. Culb. & C. Culb. [Cetrelia cetrarioides (Delise ex Duby) W. Culb. &
C. Culb. (Parmelia cetrarioides (Delise ex Duby) Nyl. em. Du Rietz; Parmelia cetrarioides
Delise v. typica Du Rietz; Parmelia cetrarioides v. rubescens (Th.Fr.) Du Rietz; Parmelia
cetrarioides v. rubescens f. sorediosa Vain.) - on Betula pendula [1]. Ciurchea [4] doesn’t
foregoing in the Cozia Mount ?]; Endococcus with a species in Romania - Endococcus
propinquus (Körb.) D. Hawskw. (Microthelia ploseliana Stein), considerated to be fungi
and not lichens [7, 4]; Enterographa Fée; Flavoparmelia Hale - Flavoparmelia caperata
(L.) Hale (Parmelia caperata (L.) Ach.) - on Quercus robur, of over 120 years, 384m,
45022’996N - 24017’985E; on punk, between Lotru railway station and Urzica, 330m,
45020’199N -24016’736E [named also on Quercus petraea and Q. robur [1]). Ciurchea [4]
doesn’t foregoing in the Cozia Mount?]; Lecania A.Massal.; Lepraria Ach. - on rocks,
Culmea Mavrei Schitul Cornet, 384m, 45022’996N-24017’985E, [considerated imperfect
fungi [4] with 2 species in Romania. In the Lichenoflora of Romania. Bartok [1] mentiones
on Cozia Mount]; Lepraria aeruginosa - on Betula pendula, Fagus sylvatica. Ciurchea [4]
without naming in the Cozia Mount, talks about Lepraria finkii (Hue) R.C.Harris (1985)
(Lepraria aeruginosa (F.H.Wigg.) Sm.). [Observation: In British Lichens - Synonym List
of Lichens & Lichenicolous Fungi-I to L- http://www.thebls.org.uk/content/slistil.html, this
page was realized by British Lichen Society 2006, we observe that are missing three taxons:
Lepraria aeruginosa (Weiss) Sm.=Scytonema hofmannii Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault
(cyanobacterium); Lepraria aeruginosa auct. p.max.p.=various Lepraria s.lat. species,
especially L. incana and Botryolepraria lesdainii; Lepraria aeruginosa auct. p.p.=Lepraria
lobificans; Lepraria finkii (de Lesd. ex Hue) R.C. Harris=Lepraria lobificans. Because we
don’t know about what taxon was talking Bartok (1990), we can’t be sure of the
synonymy]; Lichenothelia D. Hawksw.; Platismatia W. Culb. & C. Culb. - with one
species [Platismatia glauca (L.) W. Culb. & C. Culb. (Cetraria glauca (L.) Ach.) - on
Betula pendula, Picea abies [1]). Ciurchea [4] doesn’t foregoing in the Cozia Mount?];
Pleurosticta Petrak [Pleurosticta acetabulum (Necker) Elix & Lumbsch (Parmelia
acetabulum (Necker) Duby) - initially named under the synonym name, forming sinuzii on
Fagus sylvatica (in Bruckenthalio-Piceetum Borhidi 71) at 1 400 m alt. [1]; Ciurchea [4]
doesn’t foregoing anymore from Cozia Mount?]; Sarcogyne Flot.; Umbilicaria Hoffm. - on
rocks towards Gardului Waterfall [Umbilicaria cylindrica (L.) Delise ex Duby (Gyrophora

19
cylindrica (L.) Ach.) - initially named under the synonym name [7], in the catalogue
Ciurchea [4] it isn’t foregoing anymore from Cozia Mount].
Genera named in Cozia Mount (on gneiss at 1200 m alt. [7, 4]) and unidentified
yet: Bellemerea Hafellner & Cl.Roux [Bellemerea alpina (Sommerf.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux
(Lecanora alpina Sommerf.)]; Dimelaena Norman-with one species in Romania
[Dimelaena oreina (Ach.) Norman (Rinodina oreina (Ach.) A.Massal.; Rinodina oreina v.
mougeotioides Zahlbr.)]; Polysporina Vezda [Polysporina simplex (Davies) Vezda
(Biatorella simplex (Davies) Branth & Rostr.)]; Scoliciosporum A.Massal. [Scoliciosporum
umbrinum (Ach.) Arnold (Bacidia umbrina (Ach.) Bausch)].

CONCLUSIONS

The preliminary data obtained in the study lichens from the Cozia Mount, through
collaboration with the partners from Turkey distinguishes the presence of 65 genera of
lichens. Among those: 20 genera are new for Cozia Mountain, 31 genera have
representatives named in the studied area, 14 genera are uncertain, and 4 genera named in
the area haven’t been idenfied yet. From the study of the durmast plant formations, it had
drawn the conclusion that those have a floral composition adequate to the association
Potentillo micranthae-Quercetum dalechampii A.O.Horvát 1981, because of the specific
microclimate generated by the submetiderranean influences, the association that we
considerate it to be characteristic to the hillocks an the inferior mountainous zone from
Oltenia. On the other side, though it is named, Quercus polycarpa, on the effectuated
ranges, it hasn’t been idenfied. In synthesis, this study comes to complete the white stains
that exist in the knowledge of the lichens from Cozia and from Romania.

REFERENCES

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3. CIURCHEA M.- Catalog of lichens in Romania 1998 - http://www.bgbm.org,
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