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TOP DC

Welding machine Charger Booster

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 1

File of Breakdown Service of the Welding machine INVERTER 2500 TOP DC SYNOPSYS

1) Preliminary analyse and advice on the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC 1.1) Reminder about safety 1.2) The general advice on the intervention (internet page ) 1.3) The useful advice for the continuation of the diagnosis of the breakdowns. 2) Diagnoses of the most usual breakdowns on the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC 2.1 The welding machine does not start: 2.1.a) Control of the transil Diodes: 2.1.b) Control of the surge garde: 2.1.c) Control of the contact On/off potentiometer: 2.1.d) Check the passive components, Zener diodes and transistors: 2.2 ) the welding machine trip the main supply : 2.2.a) Checking of the Input varistor (VDR): 2.3) The welding machine is starting : 2.3.a) the fan doesnt start: 2.3.b) the welding machine starts and the indicators are broken: 2.3.c) The welding machine starts but dont welding: 3) Procedure of breakdown service of the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC 3.1) Checking of the high power supply 15V: 3.2) Checking of the power supply Fan +the thermal Protection: 3.3) Checking of the low power supply 15V: 3.3.a) Checking of the PWM generator 3.3.b) Checking of the current limitation 3.3.c) Checking of the thermal protection 3.4) Checking of the functionality of the SMI 4) Electrical Schematics: Schema 1: Part Command and PWM Generator Schema 2: Power supply+ transformer.+ Thermal protection 5) Designation components on the main Board (Upper side on the main board). 6) Test Points and designation components on the main Board (Under side) 7) Bill of materials of the PCB.

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File of breakdown procedure of welding machine of INVERTER 2500 TOP DC


Version Indication:1
Creation 17/03/04

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 2

1) Preliminary analyse and advice on the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC


1.1) Reminder about safety The interventions made on the welding machine must be entrusted to qualified people. The welding machine must be disconnected and you will have to wait at least 30 minutes to intervene with the welding machine, or discharge high voltage capacitor. 1.2) The general advice on the intervention (internet page ) Read the general information on Inverters TOP DC Before all interventions on the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC, check with the customer if it handles with a diagnostic of external breakdown on the model Inverter , (See Internet Page). Read the clause of un-warranty on the Inverter models, (See Internet page ). Carry out a visual monitoring to detect the obvious breakdowns (Zones of overheating, badly crimped thimble, browned diode, burnt transformer, mechanical breakage, modulate power (destroyed component, browned zone). Refer to the categories of not-reparable breakdowns on the Internet page. 1.3) The useful advice for the continuation of the diagnosis of the breakdowns. Dont charge the welding machine immediately. Components CMS can be put in short-circuit or open circuit. The checking of resistors is done in ohmmeter, the Zener diode and other diode are measured in position Diode on the Multimeter. For all connections on the chart, weld legs onto the indicated points of contacts (the card is varnished, attention with the risks of bad contacts due to the dielectric isolation that occurred with varnish, use test probes with a pointed end in order to break the layer of varnish). Provide a resistor( 1K 7 W ) to discharge the capacitors of high capacity. Check the chapter of usual breakdowns on present procedure. - Take the page 12 (Summary of the sensitive components on the PCB) - Control points by points this file and carry out repairs if necessary

2) Diagnoses of the most usual breakdowns on the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC


- Disconnect the welding mi from the power supply - Unscrew the 8 Screws of welding machine on the higher cap - Reassembly in opposite order. - Provide a Multimeter - Discharge the capacitors of high capacity with a resistor 1K 7W ( to see photo opposite) between the points HT and +HT, and check the voltage =0-

2.1 The welding machine does not start: 2.1.a) Control of the transil Diodes: Check with a Multimeter in position Diode on the output of welding machine if the Diode D4S et D5S are not in short- circuit ( See the picture ) Put it + Multimeter on Texas - and - on the Texas +, Read the value that must be around 0,33 V. D4S If you read 0,00 V, You can delicately unsolder the Transil Diode on the SMI. These components are a nonessential protection. You can delicately unsolder them with cutting pins (Attention on the surface of the SMI)

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 3

2.1.b) Control of the surge garde: Check with a Multimeter in position ohmmeter on the pins, the value of surge garde is 2 at the cold state If you read a open circuit, Change the Surge garde SG1P. SG1P = SG110 (18A)

2.1.c) Control of the contact On/off potentiometer: Check with a Multimeter in position ohmmeter on the pins, The reading on the multimeter must be a short circuit in the case or the potentiometer is in the position On If you read a open circuit, Change the potentiometer. P1P = Pot On/off 10K

Contact interrupter On/Off

2.1.d) Check the passive components, Zener diodes and transistors: Check with a MultiMate in position diode, Zener Diodes and other Diodes Check the components A, B, C if there is no breakdown in position Diode: The of MultiMate on the pins colour and the + on the other pins. A: Zener Diode BZVxxx this value is approximately 0,70 V, B: Diode BYD77D this value is approximately 0,48 V, C: Transistor TIP122 threshold > 0.46V, D: Diode 1N4148 this value is approximately 0.53V If you see 0,00 V, the components is in short circuit, changed this components If you have not value at the time of the connection, one is in open circuit, change the component

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 4

2.2 ) the welding machine trip the main supply : 2.2.a) Checking of the Input varistor (VDR): Check with a Multimeter in position Diode Check between the pins of the power supply cable Blue and brown, if the varistor is not in short-circuit (See A and B on the picture). If you read 0,00 V, change the varistor VAR1P = SK14k320 A B

2.3) The welding machine is starting : 2.3.a) the fan doesnt start: Check the solder of the fans wires on the PCB Control if the fan is not blocked or broken Check the solder of wire on the PCB with the multimeter. Change the fan if it is broken. Fan 12V

2.3.b) the welding machine starts and the indicators are broken: Change the green and orange indicators according to their references if necessary Del orange D12P Del Green D17P Attention within the cathode and anode of Del on the assembly.

Anode (+)

2.3.c) The welding machine starts but dont welding: The output of connector on the SMI is dissolver. Control visually if the solder on the connector onto the SMI. If the connector is unsoldered to return the welding machine to SAV In the contrary case if this one is correctly welded: Check the connection of output to the SMI towards Texas and the cables of welding. Check the welding

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 5

3) Procedure of breakdown service of the INVERTER 2500 TOP DC


One voltmeter or Multimeter ,One oscilloscope + one voltage probes *10 Two DC Isolated power supplies (30 Volts minimum: 40V max. ), limit of Current 1 Amp. Electrics Cables and wires For the following operations, take the page 10 and 11 (Test points and components). For the reference of components, take the page 12 and 13 For the next test, the measures are checked under low voltage : Check the function of a part of the electronic card with the external power supply. In the absence of the oscilloscope, you could use a voltmeter with the medium voltage CH1 average the measure indicated on the chronogram . Regulate the power supply according to the points to be controlled and current limited to 0.5 Amps. 3.1) Checking of the high power supply 15V: Connect to the power supply 30V between PT1 and PT2 ( + and - like the opposite picture.) If I_Alim = 0.01A go to the next point If I_Alim = 0.A Check the diode D7P and the transistor Q2P. ( see page 12) Measure PT8 = V_15H = 15V around; Regulation by the Zener diode D7P and Q2P 3.2) Checking of the power supply Fan +the thermal Protection: Check the power supply 30 volts between the Test points PT7 and PT3: I_Alim = 0.30A PT3 The fan is turning The Del green is switched on in the front face If I_Alim = 0.30A go to the next point If I_Alim = 0A Checking the diodes D3P, D4P, D5P and the transistor Q1P (see page 12) V_FAN+ = 13.5V around; Regulation by the Zener diodes D3P, D4P and Q1P PT2 PT1 +

PT7 +

3.3) Checking of the low power supply 15V: Connect the Power Supply 30 volts between the test points PT4 and PT3 : I_Alim = 0.05A If I_Alim = 0.05A go to the chapter 3.4 If I_Alim = 0A Check the diode D9P and the transistor Q4P ( see page 12) Regulation by the Zener diode D9P and Q4P: Measure the point PT14 15V Reference Tension of UC3845: Measure the point PT13 5V PT14 PT13 PT4 +

PT3 -

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 6

3.3.a) Checking of the PWM generator

Keep the same power supply for the point 3.3

8
Between Earth (PT3) and pins (6) UC3845.

Between earth (PT3) and Pins (4) UC3845.

3.3.b) Checking of the current limitation Keep the same power supply that the precedent point 3.3, report to the page 11 for the Test of point PT15 Check the test point PT15, you could measure 2.2V to Max and 3.1 Volt to Min, according to the position of the adjustment potentiometer current in the front The components may be faulty are transistor Q6P and the potentiometer 3.3.c) Checking of the thermal protection Connect the power supply 30 Volts on the Test point PT4 et PT7 (+) and the earth on the point PT3 (-) I_Alim = 0.35A Control the next points: The Power supply at the fan and power supply low V_15Bas are present PT14 = 15V, PT15= XX volts according to the position of potentiometer adjustment Put a resistor in the pin Mes_Temp (inferior to 1K ) and earth you will see the pin 1 and 2 on the connector SMI. PT3 PT7 + PT4 +

The signal adjustment on PT15 changes to the min value of 3.1Volts. The orange Led is switched on. The Signal V_alarme is changing from 13 Volts to 0V

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 7

3.4) Checking of the functionality of the SMI After having checked the previous points: Connect the power supply 30 Volts on points V_15_B as a chapter 3.3 Connect one other power supply 30V isolated over power supply (current limited 0.5 A ) on the pins (+) and (-) of bridge of Diode If the power supply on the bridge of rectifier is the limitation of current, a fault is probable on the SMI. PT7 PT3 + +HT PT12

PT11 - HT
Signal Primaire 2 Signal Primaire 1

Check the next signal on the card with the earth of the probe on the earth of capacitor ( -HT) . (See next page). PT11 (command of Signal IGBT high) PT12 (command of signal IGBT low )

Signal PRIMARY 1 (Input of Transfo)

Signal PRIMARY 2 (Input of Transfo )

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 8

4) Electrical Schematics:
Schema 1: Part Command and PWM Generator

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 9

Schema 2: Power supply+ transformer.+ Thermal protection Power supply fan and thermical Power Supply and Rectifier Tranformer

Power supply Low and High

Thermal Protection

Start of led

Connexion of SMI

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 10

5) Designation components on the main Board (Upper side on the main board).

Chapitre 3.2

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC

Page 11

6) Test Points and designation components on the main Board (Under side)

Chapitre 3.3 Chapitre 3.1

Chapitre 3.3b

Q1P

Chapitre 3.2

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC Page 12

7) Bill of materials of the PCB.


QTY PART-REFS --- --------Resistors --------7 R1P,R2P,R5P,R7P,R15P,R40P, R63P 8 R3P,R4P,R11P,R16P,R17P,R18P, R58P,R59P 7 R6P,R27P,R28P,R29P,R66P,R67P, R68P 8 R8P,R9P,R10P,R13P,R14P,R23P, R41P,R42P 1 R12P 4 R19P,R30P,R34P,R35P 2 R20P,R22P 1 R21P 1 R21P BIS 2 R25P,R26P 4 R31P,R32P,R33P,R62P 4 R32PBIS,R51P,R52P,R64P 2 R36P,R39P 1 R37P 1 R38P 1 R43P 4 R44P,R45P,R49P,R50P 4 R46P,R53,R54,R55 2 R47P,R48P 3 R53P,R55P,R65P Capacit -------1 C1P 1 C4P 2 C5P,C15P 5 C6P,C8P,C22P,C24P,C31P 4 C7P,C17P,C27P,C28P 1 C9P 6 C11P,C13P,C14P,C29P,C30P, C32P 4 C12P,C16P,C18P,C19P 2 C20P,C26P 1 C21P 1 C25P Integrated Circuits ------------------1 U1P 1 U2P 1 U3P Transistors ----------1 Q1P 1 Q2P 6 Q3P,Q5P,Q6P,Q8P,Q10,Q12 1 Q4P 4 Q7P,Q9P,Q11,Q13 Diodes VALUE ----1K 1K82 10 10K NI 3K3 2K21 680 6k82 47 221 470 4K75 15K 47K 82K 3W 150K 330K 100 0 TYPE COMP

CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS TRAV CMS CMS CMS CMS

470nX2 470450V 10025V 10n50V 2240V 47035V 470n50V 100n50V 116V 1n50V 47n50V

TRAV TRAV TRAV CMS TRAV TRAV CMS CMS CMS CMS TRAV

LM324N UC3845N L6386

TRAV TRAV TRAV

TIP122 PZT2222A BSR14 MJD122 BSR16

TRAV CMS CMS CMS CMS

TOP DC

Welding machine

INVERTER 2500 TOP DC Page 13 GBU8K BYD77D BZV55C5V6 BZV55C3V3 BZV55C16 ll4148 LED Jaune LED verte TRAV CMS CMS CMS CMS CMS TRAV TRAV

-----1 D1P 3 D2P,D6P,D8P 3 D3P,D5P,D13P 1 D4P 4 D7P,D9P,D14P,D15P 4 D10P,D11P,D16P,D18P 1 D12P 1 D17P Others -----1 P1P 1 SG1P 1 TR1 1 VAR1P 1 Fan

PotOnOff10K SG110 (18A) TR_E55 SK14K320 12V 92*92*25

TRAV TRAV TRAV TRAV TRAV