Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

29/3/2014

Walter Bauer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Walter Bauer
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Walter Bauer (August 8, 1877 November 17, 1960) was a German theologian, famous lexicographer of New Testament Greek, and scholar of the development of the early Christian churches.

Contents
1 Life 2 Teachings 3 See also 4 References 5 Early criticism 6 Notes

Life
Bauer was born in Knigsberg, East Prussia, and raised in Marburg,[1] where his father was a professor. He studied theology at the universities of Marburg, Strassburg, and Berlin. Bauer taught at Breslau and Gttingen, where he later died.
Walter Bauer

Teachings
In his Rechtglubigkeit und Ketzerei im ltesten Christentum (Tbingen 1934; a second edition, edited by Georg Strecker, Tbingen 1964, was translated as Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity 1971), Bauer developed his thesis that in earliest Christianity, orthodoxy and heresy do not stand in relation to one another as primary to secondary, but in many regions heresy is the original manifestation of Christianity. Bauer reassessed as a historian the overwhelmingly dominant view[2] that for the period of Christian origins, ecclesiastical doctrine already represented what is primary, while heresies, on the other hand somehow are a deviation from the genuine (Bauer, "Introduction"). Bauer's translator, Robert A. Kraft, characterized his sophisticated, nuanced writing style, which
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Bauer 1/3

29/3/2014

Walter Bauer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"presents a complex and frustrating problem for the translator who hopes to capture something of the "tone" or "flavor" of the original as well as representing accurately its content. Bauer writes in a dynamic and highly sophisticated manner, mixing precision with irony and even insinuation, pictorial language with careful presentation of the historical evidence, hypotheses and caveats with the subtle use of overstatement and understatement in cleverly nuanced expressions. His German is literary but not necessarily formal. Long sentences with closely interrelated parts appear alongside brief, sometimes cryptic or oblique comments couched in clever, often scholarly German idiom. Frequently the presentation flows along rapidly in an exciting manner, despite the difficulties of the subject matter but its flow is such that the motion is difficult to capture in translation, and is sometimes even difficult to follow in the original." Through studies of historical records Bauer concluded that what came to be known as orthodoxy was just one of numerous forms of Christianity in the early centuries. It was the form of Christianity practiced in Rome that exercised the uniquely dominant influence over the development of orthodoxy[3] and acquired the majority of converts over time. This was largely due to the greater resources available to the Christians in Rome and due to the conversion to Christianity of the Roman Emperor Constantine I. Practitioners of what became orthodoxy then rewrote the history of the conflict making it appear that this view had always been the majority one. Writings in support of other views were systematically destroyed. Bauer's conclusions contradicted nearly 1600 years of writing on church history and thus were met with much skepticism[4] among Christian academics such as Walther Vlker (see below). The cultural isolation of Nazi Germany precluded a wider dissemination of Bauer's ideas until after World War II; in the international field of biblical scholarship, Bauer continued to be known solely as the compiler of the monumental Wrterbuch zu den Schriften des Neuen Testaments (in its English translation A GreekEnglish Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature or simply the Bauer lexicon), which has become standard. Rechtglubigkeit und Ketzerei was finally translated into English in 1970 and published in 1971.[5]

See also
Christian heresy F. Wilbur Gingrich Bauer lexicon

References
Walter Bauer, 1971. Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity (Philadelphia: Fortress) ISBN 0-8006-1363-5. Bart D Ehrman, 2002. Lost Christianities: Christian Scriptures and the Battles over Authentication (Chantilly VA: The Teaching Company), Lesson 19, pg 28.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Bauer 2/3

29/3/2014

Walter Bauer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Early criticism
Walther Vlker, "Walter Bauer's Rechtglubigkeit und Ketzerei im ltesten Christentum", translated by Thomas P. Scheck in Journal of Early Christian Studies 14.4 (2006): 399-405. Originally published in Zeitschrift fr Kirchengeschichte 54 (1935): 62831. (http://muse.jhu.edu/login? uri=/journals/journal_of_early_christian_studies/v014/14.4volker.pdf)

Notes
1. ^ Boring, M. Eugene (2007). "Bauer, Walter". In McKim, Donald K. Dictionary of major biblical interpreters (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-8308-2927-9. 2. ^ Bauer (1964:3f) instanced Origen, Commentarius II in Cant. , and Sel. in Proverb. and Tertullian, De praescript. haer. 36 as espousing the traditional theory of the relation of heresy. 3. ^ See Bauer's concise epitome of Rechtglubigkeit in Bauer, Aufstze und Kleine Schriften, Georg Strecker, ed. Tbingen, 1967, pp 229-33. 4. ^ Reviews and responses to Bauer are cited in Georg Strecker, "Die Aufnahme des Buches" in Rechtglubigkeit, 1964, pp 288-306; a "completely revised and expanded version of Strecker's essay by Robert A. Kraft appears in the English translation, 1971, pp 286-316; see also Daniel J. Harrington, "The Reception of Walter Bauer's "Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity" during the Last Decade", The Harvard Theological Review 73.1/2 (January - April 1980), pp. 289-298. 5. ^ Helmut Koester, "Hretiker im Urchristentum" RGG, 3rd ed. III pp 17-21, gives a bibliography of works influenced by Bauer.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Walter_Bauer&oldid=595356720" Categories: 1877 births 1960 deaths Scholars of Koine Greek German biblical scholars German Lutheran theologians People from Knigsberg People from the Province of Prussia University of Marburg alumni University of Strasbourg alumni Humboldt University of Berlin alumni University of Breslau faculty University of Gttingen faculty This page was last modified on 13 February 2014 at 21:23. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Bauer

3/3