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3/19/2014

Chapter 10: Digital Integrated System Building Blocks On GlobalSpec

Chapter 10: Digital Integrated System Building Blocks


By Ken Martin

From Digital Integrated Circuit Design


This chapter describes a number of digital integrated system building block s. It is not intended to be all encompassing; rather, it is intended to give the reader exposure to a number of different circuits and methodologies. Some of the circuits described include multiplexors, decoders, barrel shifters, counters, adders, subtractors, multipliers, and programmable logic arrays .

10.1 Multiplexors and Decoders


A multiplexor is a circuit that mak es the output equal to one of a number of possible data inputs as determined by address inputs. An example of a multiplexor was seen previously in Fig. 5.5 of Chapter 5, where n -channel transmission gates were used to realize an 8-to-1 multiplexor. Alternatively, this could be realized using CMOS transmission gates. Another alternative example of a multiplexor is shown in Fig. 10.1. This structure is somewhat similar to the transmission-gate multiplexor, except now the tree is only used to pull internal nodes low and a pseudo-NMOS load is used to pull internal nodes high. Alternatively, the pseudoNMOS load could be replaced by a dynamic load. The multiplexor also has an output inverter that also serves the purpose as a buffer. If all the n -channel transistors in the inverted-tree network are tak en as 10 ?m wide, then a reasonable width for the pseudo-NMOS load might be 5 ?m. This assumes all lengths are equal and tak en as the minimum allowed.

Figure 10.1: An inverted-tree multiplexor. A fourth alternative circuit for realizing an... Interested in this book and others like it? Try EngineeringPro from Books24x7 << Previous Excerpt | View Book Details | Next Excerpt >> Copyright Oxford University Press, Inc. 2000 under license agreement with Book s24x7

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Logic Decoders and Demultiplexers
Logic decoders and logic demultiplexers move data between inputs and outputs. In the case of digital decoders, the coded information is translated into familiar or uncoded formats, while digital multiplexers transmit data from one input through to several output lines. Search by Specification | Learn more about Logic Decoders and Demultiplexers
Function: Decoders Demultiplexers Decoders / Demultiplexers Input Lines: 1 2 3 4 BCD Output Lines: 2 4 8 10 14

Logic Adders
Logic adders are digital devices that are capable of adding binary Search by Specification | Learn more about Logic Adders numbers. There are two basic types: half-adders and full-adders.

Logic Gates
Logic gates are electronic circuits that combine digital signals according to boolean algebra. Search by Specification | Learn more about Logic Gates | Logic Gates Insights

Bit Error Rate Testers


Bit error rate testers are devices or procedures that measure the bit error rate (BER) for a specific transmission. Search by Specification | Learn more about Bit Error Rate Testers

Logic Level Translators


Logic level translators adapt or convert one voltage or logic level to another. Search by Specification | Learn more about Logic Level Translators

Topics of Interest
Chapter 11: Integrated Memories
Overview One of the most important building block s of modern digital systems is the semiconductor memory. A semiconductor memory is used to store digital data. In this way it is somewhat similar to a...

Chapter 5: Transmission-Gate and Fully Differential CMOS Logic

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3/19/2014

Chapter 10: Digital Integrated System Building Blocks On GlobalSpec

This chapter describes two alternative design methodologies for CMOS gates. The first of these uses transmission gates to minimize the number of transistors required. Transmission gates are very...

Chapter 4: Traditional MOS Design


MOS logic gates are by far the most popular choice for realizing digital integrated circuits at the present time. This is primarily due to the large number of MOS transistors that can be fabricated in...

Abbreviations
AAA Authentication, Authorisation and Accounting AAL ATM Adaptation Layers AAR Automatic Alternative Routeing AC Alternating Current ACD Automatic Call Distribution A/D Analogue-to-Digital...

Chapter 2: Basic MOS Amplifiers DC and Low-Frequency Behavior


Basic MOS amplifiers are the main building block s of a vast array of analog signal processing systems as well as other analog electronic circuits. The overall performance of a complex circuit strongly...

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