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OmriBarak Mrs.Daher APUSH March172014 FirstHundredDays:15majorbillsenactedwithinFDRsfirsthundreddays. TheBankingAct:Ifabankhadenoughreserve,itcouldreopen. FDIC:Insuredindividualsbankdeposits. CCC:CivilianConservationCorps,250,000toconservewildlifeandforests. AAA:AgriculturalAdjustmentAct,providedrepresentationforthefarmeconomy. NRA:NationalRecoveryAdministration,establishedselfgovernmentinmanyindustries. DustBowl:Deadplainsafteragriculturalstrainonlandwastoomuch.Destroyedagricultureinthe region. KeynesianEconomics:Economycouldstabilizebygovernmentinterventioninsupply/demandchain. FERA:FederalEmergencyReliefAdministration,fundedreliefprogramsforstates. SEC:SecuritiesandExchangeCommission,regulatedstockmarket.

Schechterv.UnitedStates:NRAisunconstitutionalsparkedbycontroversyofbadchickenbeing sold. FairLaborStandardsAct:Minimumwage,overtimemoney,andlimitonchildlabor. MaryMcLeodBethune:Borntoformerslaves,teacherandservedinNationalAssociationof ColoredWomen.JoinedNewDealandbecamestrongadvocateofcivilrights,aswellasavery importantpoliticalpersonofcolor. IndianReorganizationAct:ReversedDawesActbygivingNativeAmericansaformof selfgovernment. TVA:TennesseeValleyAuthority,environmentalgroup.Workedonmanyprojectsandadvocatedfor ruralfarmers. 1.WhyandfromwhomwereNewDealprogramsopposed?Bespecific. LibertyLeaguefromRep.businessmenandconservativedemocratsfoughtagainstnewdeal, withSupremeCourt.UnanimouslyruledNRAunconstitutional.CharlesCoughlinfoughtNewDeal,too disagreed.MirroredPopulistPartyandorganizedNationalUnionforSocialJusticetofightit. DemocraticgovernorofLouisiana,HueyLong,disagreed,too.RanShareOurWealthSociety campaign. 2.WhydidFDRwanttopacktheSupremeCourt?Howdidheplantodoit?Werehis effortssuccessful? PresidentRooseveltwasmadatNewDealrepeals,sohetriedtolowerrangeofinfluenceby institutingonenewmemberforeveryjusticeovertheageof70,adding6justicesofhischoosingtothe

court.Rejectedafterbitterdebate,sono.Inthelongrun,hisNewDealdidsucceed,though. 3.WhydidRooseveltadministrationlaunchaSecondNewDeal?Whatwasdifferent? RooseveltwentleftwingwithNewDeal.Criticizedbigbusinessesbycallingthemmoney classes.Shotdownrivals.IntroducedRevenueActof1935toincreasecorporationtax,aswellas estateandhigherincometaxesonrich. 4.WhywasSocialSecurityenacted?Whatotherprogramsgrewoutoftheact? TownsendandLongmovementsinfluencedandadvocatedforSS.AidtoDependentChildren, AidtoFamilieswithDependentChildren,anddisabilityactsthatsprungoutofSS. 5.HowdidNewDealProgramsaffectwomen,blacksandotherminoritiesintheUnited States? NewDealhelpedwomenenterthegovernment.empoweringtheminpoliticalparties, education,andunions.OverpoweredbyNRA,femaleminimumwageandmostotherlaborlaws, though.BlackswerentcoveredintheNewDeal.Considereddangerous,leadingtomanyprograms thatwouldnthelpthem.MexicanAmericansreceivedeasierrelief,NativeAmericansweretoldto selfgovern,andmanyAsianleftduetonorepresentationandnorighttoownland. 5.HowdidtheScottsborocaseandtheHarlemmigrationimpactviewsofblacksbywhites? Howwereprogramsimpactedbytheseviews? Racismincourt,andantiblackdespiteanyevidenceforScottsboro.MigrationtoHarlemwas roughenoughtoleadtoriots,whichmadeopinionofblacksasdangerousclass,andlittlesupport fromtheNewDeal,too.CCcampshelpedsegregation,andNRAcodesdidntprotectblackworkers fromdiscrimination.Rooseveltrefusedtomakelynchingafederalcrimesinceitwouldantagonize southernDemocratsfromwhomheneededvotes. 6.HowdidtheNewDealaffectAmericansocietybothduringthe1930sandthereafter? Increased1930spoliticalactivity.Environmentalplanspoppedup.Disadvantagedpeople gainedassistance.PeoplesupportedeachotherandweakenedDepression.NewDealprogramsmade jobs.Governmentgrewandbecamemoreinvolvedinitspopulation.SocialSecurityActwaspassed, whichstillexiststoday. 7.Explain,inasmuchdetailasyoucanfromthetext,theprojectknownasFederalOne. Employedartists,actors,andwriters.NewDealencouragedartwhichinterestedall.Publicmuralswere made,promotedyoungartistsofallfieldstopursuegoals.Governmentorchestraswerefounded,and Americanmusicwascatalogued.thousandsofpublicationsfromwriterswereproduced.Outcome reached30millionpeopleduringitsexistence.