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# I.E.S-(Conv.

)-2000 (e) What is the amount of clearance and the need for the clearance between nominal diameter of the rivet and rivet hole? (f) Why is taper provided in a cotter? What is the normal value of taper in cotter joint? (g) At a point in a two dimensional stress system the normal stresses on two mutually perpendicular planes are x and y and the shear stress is xy . At what value of shear stress one of the principal stress will become zero ? (h) The ratio of inside to outside diameter of a hollow shaft is 0.6. If there is a solid shaft with same torsional strength, what is the ratio of the outside diameter of hollow shaft to the diameter of the equivalent solid shaft ? (i) Distinguish between a beam and a short column. List two differences. (a) A hollow shaft with diameter ratio 0.7 is required to transmit 500 kW at 300 rpm with a uniform twisting moment. Allowable shear stress in the material is 65 N/mm2 and the twist in a length of 2.4 m is not to exceed one degree. Calculate the minimum external diameter of the shaft satisfying these conditions. Modulus of rigidity = 8.2 x 104 N/mm2. (20) I.E.S-(Conv.)-1999 (s) Why are hydrodynamic bearings used for grinding machines in preference to ball or roller bearings? (b) A 100 mm dia shaft operating at 2000 rev/min is supported by means of a 150 mm long full journal hearing which is subjected to a radial load of 43 kN. Assume ( N/P) 30 x 106. Determine (i) the coefficient of friction using McKee equation which is given by f = 0.326(N/P)D/C + K. take D/C = 1000, K = 0.002. (ii) bearing pressure in MN/m2. (iii) heat generated. (10) (b) The semi-circle angle of a cone clutch is 12.50 and the contact surfaces have a mean diameter of 80 mm. The coefficient of friction is 0.32. (i) What is the minimum torque required to produce slipping of the clutch for an axial force of 200 N? If the clutch is used to connect an electric motor with a stationary flywheel, (ii) what is the time needed to attain the full speed and (iii) the energy lost during slipping? Motor speed is 900 rpm and the moment of inertia of the flywheel is 0.4 kg m2. (iv) What are the considerations in the selection of plate clutches and cone clutches? (20) I.E.S-(Conv.)-1998 (a) A square threaded bolt of mean diameter 24 mm and pitch 5 mm is tightened by screwing a nut, whose mean diameter of bearing surface is 50 mm. If the coefficient of friction for nut and bolt is 0.1 and that for nut and bearing surface is 0.15, find the force required at the end of a spanner 0.5 m long, when the load on the bolt is 12 kN. (15)

(b) A mild steel shaft has to transmit 100 hp at 200 rpm. Design a cast iron flange coupling for th shaft. The allowable stresses are as follows: Shear stress for shaft and key = 40 N/mm2 Shear stress for bolts = 28 N/mm2 Shear stress for C.I. couping = 20 N/mm2 Take bearing stress as twice the shear tress value and number of bolts for the coupling as 6. Sketch the Coupling showing various dimensions. (30)

I.E.S-(Conv.)-1996 (i) A power screw has a helix angle and coefficient of friction . Express the condition to be satisfied by the screw to be self locking. (j) State the modes of loading on a steel key connecting a belt driven pulley to shaft. (n) Name the form of welds, which are represented symbolically as

(b) An automotive single-plate clutch consists of a pair of contacting surfaces. The inner and outer diameters of friction plate are 120 mm and 250 mm respectively. The coefficient of friction is 0.25 and the total axial force is 15 kN. Calculate the power transmitting capacity of the clutch plate at 500 rpm using (i) uniform wear theory and (ii) uniform pressure theory. 24 (b) A transmission shaft supporting two pulleys A and Bare mounted between two bearings C 1 and C2 as shown in Fig. 2. Power is transmitted from pulley A to B. The shaft is made of plain carbon steel having ultimate tensile strength = 600 N/mm2 and yield strength 380 N/mm2. Determine the shaft diameter on the basis of torsional rigidity, if the permissible angle of twist between two pulleys is 0.50 and the shear modulus of the material is 80 kN/mm2. The permissible shear stress may be taken as 30% of the yield strength or 18% of the ultimate tensile strength, whichever is minimum. Check for its - safety. (24)

(a) Discuss the factors, which govern the selection of a material for a machine component (13)

I.E.S-(Conv.)-1997 (a) A square threaded bolt of mean diameter 24 mm and pitch 5 mm is tightened by screwing a nut, whose mean diameter of bearing surface is 50 mm. If the coefficient of friction for nut and bolt is 0.1 and that for nut and bearing surface is 0.15, find the force required at the end of a spanner 0.5 m long, when the load on the bolt is 12 kN. (15) (b) A mild steel shaft has to transmit 100 hp at 200 rpm. Design a cast iron flange coupling for th shaft. The allowable stresses are as follows: Shear stress for shaft and key = 40 N/mm2 Shear stress for bolts = 28 N/mm2 Shear stress for C.I. couping = 20 N/mm2 Take bearing stress as twice the shear tress value and number of bolts for the coupling as 6. Sketch the Coupling showing various dimensions. (30) I.E.S-(Conv.)-1995 (a) Explain the following terms, with the help of a neat sketch, pertaining to the Helical gears. (20) (i) Axial pitch (ii) Normal circular pitch (iii) Lead (iv) Helix angle a) A motor drives a main shaft by means of a flat belt. The diameters of the pulleys on the motor shaft and the main shaft are 450 mm and 750 mm respectively. Another pulley of diameter 500 mm drives a counter shaft having a pulley of diameter 700 mm. The pulley of diameter 500 mm is mounted on the main shaft. If the slip on each drive is 3 percent, calculate the speed of counter shaft if motor runs at 1400 rpm. (20) I.E.S-(Conv.)-1994 (b) A prime mover running at 300 rpm, drives a DC generator at 500 rpm by a belt drive. Diameter of the pulley on the output shaft of the prime mover is 600 mm. Assuming a slip of 3 percent, determine the diameter of the generator pulley if the belt running over it is 6 mm thick. (b) An equal angle section 100 mm 100 mm 8 mm is welded to a gusset plate to serve as a tension member. Calculate the minimum amount of overlapping by the angle section on the gusset plate with a view to limit the induced stress to 100 mega Pascal in the angle section when only the side welds are used. The effective area of angle may be taken as the area of the connected leg plus half the area of the unconnected leg. The safe stress in the weld is 90 mega Pascal and the shock factor is 1.5. (20)

I.E.S-(Conv.)-1993 (e) Explain the meaning of the following: Hexagonal screw M 12 1.5 70; T-Bolt 22 100 (h) What do you understand by basic static load rating of a bearing (l) What type of rivetted joints are used for the longitudinal and circumferential joints of a cylindrical pressure vessel and why? (b) An 8 19 (9/9/1) steel wire rope is used to lift a load of 20 kN from a depth of 1 km. The maximum speed of rope is 2.5 ms-1 and the acceleration is 1.5 ms2 when starting under no slack conditions. Determine the size of the rope required for a desired factor of safety of 4.5 Modified modulus of elasticity for rope is 68600 MPa.

I.E.S-(Conv.)-1992 (a) A single start square thread screw clamp is to be designed for a compressive load of 20 kN. The pad offers a friction torque of 30 Nm Calculate (i) the pitch and diameter of the screw: (ii) height of the nut and (iii) dimensions of the tommy bar operating the screw Assume Maximum force at the end of the tommy bar = 250 N Safe compressive stress for the screw = 100 MPa Safe bearing pressure for the screw and nut = 8 MPa Safe bending stress in the handle = 95 MPa Coefficient of screw thread friction = 0.15

(b) A shaft running at 500 r.p.m. carries a pulley 100 cm diameter which drives another pulley in the same direction with a sped reduction of 2 : 1 by means of ropes. The drive transmits 250 H.P. Angle of grooves is 40. The distance between pulley centres is 200 cm. The coefficient of friction between the rope and pulley is 0.2. The rop weighs 1.2 kg/m and has a safe

allowable stress of 175 N/cm2. It is recommended that the initial tension in the rope should not exceed 800 N. Find the number of ropes required and rope diameter. Calculate also the length of each rope 20 I.E.S-(Conv.)-1991 (i) Show by simple sketches the following welded joints: (i) Single U-butt (ii) Single V-butt (iii) Single bevel butt (iv) Single J-butt (a) Design a suitable ordinary rigid flange coupling to connect an electric motor to a reduction gear of a machine. The motor has a rated output of 80 hp at 600 rpm. Working stresses in materials to be used for different parts are Flange (C.I): shear 1700 N/cm2 compression 8400 N/cm2 Shaft (M.S): Shear 4750 N/cm2 Bolt, Key (M.S): Shear 5800 N/cm2, compressions 9000 N/cm2. These values take into account the service factor and w weakening effect of the keyway. Square keys are recommended for fixing the flanges on the shafts. For your calculations you may assume Number of bolts = 4 Outside diameter of hub = 2d P.c.d. of bolts = 3d Width and depth of key = d/5 where d is the diameter of the shaft. Make a fully dimensioned sketch of the coupling (one view only)

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