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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANI INSTRUCTION DIVISION SECOND SEMESTER 2013-2014 Course Handout (Part-II)

15 January 2014
Course No. Course Title Instructor-in-charge Instructor : : : : HUM C383 and HSS F 334 Srimad Bhagavad Gita Dr. L. Aruna Dr. L. Aruna

Course Description: This course is designed to teach and apply the knowledge of Srimad Bhagavad Gita .It introduces the fundamentals of the science of soul, Karma yoga , Jnana yoga (philosophical research for truth)and Bhakti yoga (devotional practice).The most confidential Knowledge, Three modes of material nature, Nature, Enjoyer and the consciousness, Divine and Demoniac qualities, and The Perfection of Knowledge. Scope and Objective: This course is meant for every human being who wants to make his/her human life peaceful and blissful. The prime objective of this course is to understand our relationship (sambhandha) with The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, the process of reviving (abhidheya) that relationship and the goal (prayojana) of that process. Text Books: T1: Srimadbhagavad - Gita (English), Gita Press, Gorakhpur (India), 2004.

Reference Books: R1: Bhurijana dasa, H.G. Surrender unto Me, Vrindhavan Institute of Higher Education, 1997. R2: His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Science of Self Realization, Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, Mumbai, 2002.

Course Plan: Lecture Learning Objectives No. 1 Reference Slokas from T1 Introduction to Bhagavad Preparations for war and Arjunas 1.1-1.47 Gita and an overview of doubts. Sinful reactions. Need for a guru and Jnana Arjunas further doubts and his surrender 2.1-2.30 yoga. and Lord revealing the Knowledge of the soul. Karma kanda, Buddhi Gains from doing our duty, Work 2.31-2.72 yoga and the state of without reactions and the beauty of Sthita prajna. becoming fixed in Krishna Topics to be covered

Conquering confusion and the transition from karma kanda to karma yoga More on niskama karma and discussions about Kama and krodha. Divya-jnana and Application of Divya jnana to work Understanding karma on the basis of jnana, way to get divya jnana. Understanding the glories of niskama karma and Performance of niskama karma Knowing the three doers, benefits of focusing the consciousness, Astanga yoga and a simple formula for peace and happiness.

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Dhyana yoga and the role of mind, and, Stages in yoga practice

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12 13

Need for mind control, Destination of the unsuccessful yogi, and the qualification to be the the topmost yogi Knowledge of the Absolute. Learning the Art of crossing over maya, and the roads of the foolish and the wise Avidya- ignorance and ignorant persons, and the bewilderment of the jiva. Krishnas answers and the importance of Krishna smaranam.

consciousness. Working in niskama karma or devotional service and doing duties for satisfying the object of sacrifice. Acting dutifully to set a correct example along with methods of conquering the lust and anger. Transcendental knowledge about Krishna, way to transcend entanglement and learning the art of Performing duty for Krishna without attachment Three types of activities, the way to be equipoise, understanding sacrifices and their results, the eternal goal. Superiority of devotional work over renunciation, working with detachment, way to peaceful life and reasons for entanglement. Platform of knowledge-knowing the three doers: the soul, material nature, and the Supersoul , Liberation by fixing our consciousness on Supersoul, a sinless person, working for public welfare, Liberation through astanga yoga-a purview, and Peace formula. Comparison of yoga and renunciation, advancing in yoga through detached work, yoga- ruddha stage, the symptoms of a person who has conquered mind. Basics of yoga, sitting places, meditation, results of meditation, perfection of yoga Necessity to control mind in yoga practice, Arjunas doubts cleared about yoga practices, and definition of the topmost yogi. Knowing Krishna as the source of both material and spiritual energies The controller of the three modes of material nature, surrendering to that controller-Krishna, different natures of the impious, the pious, and the fate of a jnani. Demigod worship, impersonalism, cause for bewilderment of the living entity and his freedom through knowledge of Krishna Arjunas eight questions and Krishnas answers, need to remember Krishna constantly and, the perfection of life.

3.1-3.16

3.17-3.43

4.1-4.15

4.16-4.33; 4.34-4.42 5.1-5.12

5.13-5.29

6.1-6.9 6.10-6.32

6.33-6.47

7.1-7.12 7.13-7.19

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7.20-7.30

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8.1-8.8

16

17

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Going back home, back to Godhead and the importance of Pure devotional service. Two types of worlds and the definition of Topmost yogic process. Raja vidya-king of knowledge, and the Aisvarya jnana.

Yogamisra bhakti, going back to 8.9-8.16 Godhead by meditating on Krishna, remembering Krishna and its result.

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Non-worshipers worshipers, and supreme object worship. Glories of worshiping krishna Krishnas position and the Chatur sloka.

Comparison between spiritual and 8.17-8.28 material worlds, Supremacy of devotion in attaining the supreme. Qualifications and disqualifications to 9.1-9.10 hear about Krishna, and Krishnas acintya bheda abheda relationship with the material world and The difference between a mahatma and 9.11-9.25 the an atheist, and Krishna as sacrifice, of syllable OM, the most dear friend, etc.. Glories of a devotee, easy methods of worshiping Krishna Krishna- the originator of everything, entire summary of Bhagavad Gita in four verses. Arjuna confirms Krishna to be the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Arjuna getting the divine eyes to see the universal form of the all-pervading Supreme person. Arjuna sees all the demi-gods, sages, serpents within the universal form of Krishna, and Krishna reveals Himself to be the Time. Krishna finally shows Arjuna His two armed form, which can be directly seen only through pure, undivided devotional service. The different stages in devotion, the highest being mind and intelligence fixed upon Him. Various qualities like non-enviousness, freedom from false ego which makes one dear to Krishna. Arjuna inquires about the enjoyer, the field of activities, etc., and Krishna explains them. Krishnas answers to question 6 along with the concept of the soul and the super soul. The concepts of Prakriti, purusa and their union, and the vision of Knowledge. The living entity gets entangled by a blend of The mode of Goodness, The mode of Passion and The mode of Ignorance. Different destinations according to 9.26-9.34 10.110.11 10.1210.42 11.1-11.9; 11.911.34

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Arjunas acceptance and his requests. Krishnas description of His universal form to Arjuna. Sanjayas description of the universal form, and the real time factor. Arjuna requests the Lord to reveal His two armed supreme form. Bhakti and the stages of Devotional service. Qualities that endear one to Krishna. Arjunas six questions and Krishnas answers to questions 3, 4 and 5. The process of Knowledge liberation, and The object of Knowledge. Krishnas answers to question 1 and 2 ,the Jnana caksusa. Conditioning of the living entity and the three modes of material nature. Death within the modes

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11.3511.55

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12.112.12 12.1312.20 13.1-13.7;

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13.813.19 13.2013.34 14.114.13

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14.14-

and Transcending modes.

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the predomination of a particular mode at 14.27 the time of death, the symptoms and activities of one who has transcended the modes. Detachment from material Attachment with the spiritual world, and 15.1world and transmigration. transmigration of the souls. 15.11 Krishna- the maintainer Krishna- the goal of Vedas, and the and the three main slokas. summary of the Vedas and the kinds of living entities. The divine and the The difference between transcendental demoniac natures. and demoniac qualities, escaping to the original destination. Mode determining Faith, worships, foods and sacrifices in activities. the different modes. The conclusion: Om Tat Austerity and charity in different modes, Sat the purposes of sacrifices, charity, and the eating of foods is the Absolute Truth. The True Renunciation. Acting with detachment is true Renunciation and brings freedom from reactions; conclusion of Sankya and Vedanta. The entanglement of the Knowledge, actions, performers of three modes. actions, understandings, determinations, happiness- all these are controlled by the three modes. Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga Worshipping the Lord through ones to pure devotional service occupational work is true renunciation Working in pure and brings freedom from reactions, The devotional service; Brahma Bhuta stage, knowing Krishna surrender to the Supersoul by pure devotional service. and the Most The most confidential Knowledge of all Confidential Knowledge. is becoming a Pure devotee. Importance of Studying Those who study Bhagavad Gita and Preaching. Bhagavad worships Krishna with their intelligence Gita. and becomes free from sinful reactions, those who explain this to the nonenvious achieve pure devotion. 15.1215.20 16.116.24 17.117.13 17.1417.28 18.118.18

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35 36

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18.1918.40

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18.4118.55; 18.5618.66

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18.6718.78

Evaluation Scheme: SL. NO . 1 2 3 Evaluation Component Test I Test II Comprehensive Exam Weightage (%) Date time venue Nature of component CB OB

30 30 40

21/2 11-12PM 01/4 11-12PM 05/05 FN

Make up policy: Make-up will be granted only in genuine cases. Chamber Consultation Hours: To be announced in the class

Instructor-in-charge HUMC 383