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A Quick Review Of Clinical Anatomy Of Upper Limb (KLM) Poland Syndrome : Pectoralis Minor

A Quick Review Of

Clinical Anatomy Of Upper Limb (KLM)

A Quick Review Of Clinical Anatomy Of Upper Limb (KLM) Poland Syndrome : Pectoralis Minor and

Poland Syndrome :

Pectoralis Minor and Major are absent bilaterally

Upper Trunk Injury:

Causes Erb's Palsy and Waiter Tip Hand

Lower Trunk Injury:

Causes Klumpke Syndrome, Claw Hand

Hand Lower Trunk Injury: Causes Klumpke Syndrome, Claw Hand Popeye's Deformity: Rupture of long head of

Popeye's Deformity:

Rupture of long head of Biceps Brachii

Volkmann / Ischemic Contracture

Fibosis and shortening of muscles due to occlusion of brachial artery

Winging of Scapula:

Cutting or injury to Long Thoracic Nerve causing paralysis of Serratus Anterior

Tennis Elbow / Lateral Epicondylitis :

Excessive straining of extensors of hand at lateral epicondyle and pain

Mallet / Baseball Finger:

Evulsion of extensor tendon at distal phalanx causing flexion at distal IP joint

Fractured Elbow:

Fracture of olecranon due to pull of triceps

Hand of Benediction:

Injury to median nerve at elbow , cannot flex 2 nd and 3 rd finger and thumb

Pronator Syndrome:

Compression of median nerve at elbow b/w heads of pronator teres.

Dupuytren's Contracture:

Shortening , thickening of palmar aponeurosis pulling 4 th and 5 th finger into slight flexion

Tenosynovitis:

Inflammation of tendons synovial sheath, digits swell , movements painful.

Quervain Tenovaginitis:

Tenosynovitis,stenosis of APL, EPB sheath at anatomical snuff box causing pain in thumb and proximally

Digital Tenovaginitis /Trigger /Snapping Fingers:

Thickening of flexors tendons proximal to tunnel causing flexion of fingers

Raynaud Syndrome:

Ischemia of digits due to unknown cause, cyanosis, pain , paresthesia.

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome:

Narrowing of Carpal Tunnel Due tendons inflammation or any cause.

Ulnar Canal Syndrome:

Compression of ulnar nerve in Guyon canal causing hypoesthesia in medial 1.5 fingers and their clawing, ulnar nerve palsy.

in medial 1.5 fingers and their clawing, ulnar nerve palsy. Wrist Drop: Compression or injury of

Wrist Drop:

Compression or injury of Radial nerve at elbow causing inactivity of extensors and dropping of hand

Handle Bar Neuropathy:

Prolonged pressure on hook of hamate compresses ulnar nerve.

Dermatoglyphics:

Science of studying ridge patterns of palm.

Ankylosis:

Fixation of Pectoral joints

Calcific Supraspinatus Tendinis:

Inflammation of subacromial bursa due to calcification of supraspinatus tendon causing pain and tenderness

Arc Syndrome:

Pain in supraspinatus tendinis during 30-150 degrees of abduction

Shoulder Dislocation:

AC Joint dislocation

Adhesive Capsulitis:

Fibrosis of shoulder joint, subacromial bursa, rotator cuff, deltoid. Inability to abduct above 45 degrees.

Student's Elbow/ Dart Thrower's Elbow:

Inflammation of subcutaneous olecranon bursa.

Bicipitoradial Bursitis:

Pain in bicipitoradial bursa due to inflammation during pronation.

Tommy John's Procedure:

Reconstruction of Ulnar Collateral Ligament.

Nursemaid's Elbow/ Pulled Elbow:

Dislocation of head of radius.

Arthrodesis:

Surgical fusion of carpal joints

Bull Rider's Thumb:

Sprain of Radial Collateral Ligament of hand and avulsion fracture of phalanx of

Ligament of hand and avulsion fracture of phalanx of thumb. Skier's Thumb/ Game Keeper's Thumb: Rupture

thumb.

Skier's Thumb/ Game Keeper's Thumb:

Rupture of collateral ligament of 1 st MP joint due to hyperabduction

Colles Fracture/Dinner Fork Deformity:

Fracture of radius 2cm distal and dorsal displacement of distal part.

Boxer's Fracture:

Fracture of 5 th Metacarpal.

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