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Cinematography Techniques - LIGHTING Lighting terms refer to the intensity or direction of the lighting.

. Identify the types of lighting being used in the various shots.


Hard Lighting o
Hard lighting refers to lighting in which the shadows are very clearly defined. Shadows are an integral part of film noir, as the physical presence of shadows underlines the psychological uncertainly of characters who combine good and evil to become shadowy figures in the emotional geography of the film.

Soft Lighting o Soft lighting has more nuance and creates far more diffuse illumination. Soft lighting can also soften the
hardness of certain characters to stimulate a positive emotional response to them in the audience.

Frontal Lighting o Frontal lighting attempts to extinguish all shadows. The result is a rather flat image that loses dimension.
This can give the scene a poster-like unreal effect.

Side Lighting o Side lighting does the opposite of frontal lighting in that it seeks angularity rather than flatness. Side
lighting is very effective at producing emotional resonance in a character by highlighting noses, cheekbones and lips. This effect is usually accompanied by hard shadows cast to the other side of the actor.

Backlighting o Backlighting attempts to provide a greater feeling of depth by making the object of the film stand out
against a diffuse background. This lighting technique can create feelings of the locale overwhelming the character. Backlighting also helps to create a sense of dislocation and disorientation in the character or scene.

Underlighting o Underlighting is light that comes from below the subject. Underlighting is used quite effectively to
produce scenes of horror because it can produce a grotesque effect on the features of a face.

Key Lighting High/Low o Key lighting has no side lighting to diffuse the shadows and so a face can appear as a slash of white in
the darkness surrounding it. The key light provides exacting illumination of the subject and is sometimes accompanied by fill lighting. High key is brighter than low key.

Fill Lighting o Fill lighting is used to soften the shadows produced by key lighting. When fill lighting is used with
backlighting, it can produce a striking image of a dark character within a dark setting.

Silhouette Lighting o Silhouette lighting creates dark, strongly outlined silhouettes against a bright background. This is an
effective technique for introducing unknown characters to the audience.

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Cinematography Techniques - LIGHTING ANSWERS


Identify the types of lighting being used in the various shots Hard Lighting o
Hard lighting refers to lighting in which the shadows are very clearly defined. Shadows are an integral part of film noir, as the physical presence of shadows underlines the psychological uncertainly of characters who combine good and evil to become shadowy figures in the emotional geography of the film.

Hard lighting

Soft Lighting o Soft lighting has more nuance and creates far more diffuse illumination. Soft lighting can also soften the
hardness of certain characters to stimulate a positive emotional response to them in the audience.

Frontal Lighting o Frontal lighting attempts to extinguish all shadows. The result is a rather flat image that loses dimension.
This can give the scene a poster-like unreal effect.
silhouette

Side Lighting o Side lighting does the opposite of frontal lighting in that it seeks angularity rather than flatness. Side
lighting is very effective at producing emotional resonance in a character by highlighting noses, cheekbones and lips. This effect is usually accompanied by hard shadows cast to the other side of the actor.

Backlighting o Backlighting attempts to provide a greater feeling of depth by making the object of the film stand out
against a diffuse background. This lighting technique can create feelings of the locale overwhelming the character. Backlighting also helps to create a sense of dislocation and disorientation in the character or scene.
backlighting

Underlighting o Underlighting is light that comes from below the subject. Underlighting is used quite effectively to
produce scenes of horror because it can produce a grotesque effect on the features of a face.
Low key

Key Lighting High/Low o Key lighting has no side lighting to diffuse the shadows and so a face can appear as a slash of white in
the darkness surrounding it. The key light provides exacting illumination of the subject and is sometimes accompanied by fill lighting. High key is brighter than low key.

Fill Lighting o Fill lighting is used to soften the shadows produced by key lighting. When fill lighting is used with
backlighting, it can produce a striking image of a dark character within a dark setting.
soft

Silhouette Lighting o Silhouette lighting creates dark, strongly outlined silhouettes against a bright background. This is an
effective technique for introducing unknown characters to the audience.

under lighting

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Side lighting

fill lighting

high key

front lighting

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