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Carbon dioxide gas dissolved in soft drinks gives them their fizz.

You can use the carbon dioxide fizz from a soft drink to make raisins dance. For this experiment you will need: a can of colorless soda (e.g. !"#p or $prite% a tall clear glass or plastic cup several raisins (fresh raisins work the best% &our the can of soda into the tall glass. 'otice the bubbles coming up from the bottom of the glass. (he bubbles are carbon dioxide gas released from the li)uid. *rop + or ! raisins into the glass. ,atch the raisins for a few seconds. *escribe what is happening to the raisins. *o they sink or float- .eep watching/ what happens in the next several minutes0aisins are denser than the li)uid in the soda so initially they sink to the bottom of the glass. (he carbonated soft drink releases carbon dioxide bubbles. ,hen these bubbles stick to the rough surface of a raisin the raisin is lifted because of the increase in buoyancy. ,hen the raisin reaches the surface the bubbles pop and the carbon dioxide gas escapes into the air. (his causes the raisin to lose buoyancy and sink. (his rising and sinking of the raisins continues until most of the carbon dioxide has escaped and the soda goes flat. Furthermore with time the raisin gets soggy and becomes too heavy to rise to the surface. You might want to try other ob1ects to see if they exhibit this behavior. 2ny ob1ect whose density is 1ust slightly greater than water3s and has a rough surface to which the gas bubbles can attach should be able to dance in the carbonated water. $ome of the more common dancing substances are mothballs and pieces of uncooked pasta. (ry putting other ob1ects in the carbonated water. Can you find other substances that danceCarbonated beverages are prepared by putting the beverage into a can under high pressure of carbon dioxide gas. (his high pressure causes the carbon dioxide gas to dissolve in the li)uid. ,hen you open a can of soda the noise you hear is produced by the carbon dioxide gas as it rushes out of the can. ,hen the can is opened the decreased pressure allows some of the carbon dioxide gas dissolved in the li)uid to escape. (his is what makes the bubbles in a soft drink.

2nother way to do this experiment is to generate the carbon dioxide gas using the reaction of baking soda and vinegar. Fill your glass about 456 full with water. 2dd one teaspoon of baking soda and stir until it is dissolved in the water. 2dd + or ! raisins to the glass. $78,7Y pour in vinegar until the glass is about 95: full. (he vinegar and baking soda react to form carbon dioxide bubbles and the raisins will dance 1ust as in the soft drink;

<alloons are rather fragile things. You know that they must be kept away from sharp ob1ects. (he also need to be kept away from flames. 2 fire can weaken the rubber and cause it to burst. =owever in this experiment you will find out how you can hold a balloon directly in a flame without breaking the balloon. For this experiment you will need: two round balloons not inflated several matches water >nflate one of the balloons and tie it closed. &lace +? milliliters (@ cup% of water in the other balloon and then inflate it and tie it shut. 7ight a match and hold it under the first balloon. 2llow the flame to touch the balloon. ,hat happens- (he balloon breaks perhaps even before the flame touches it. 7ight another match. =old it directly under the water in the second balloon. 2llow the flame to touch the balloon. ,hat happens with this balloon- (he balloon doesnAt break. You may even see a black patch of soot form on the outside of the balloon above the flame. ,hy does the balloon with no water break in the flame- (he flame heats whatever is placed in it. >t heats the rubber of both balloons. (he rubber of the balloon without water becomes so hot that it becomes too weak to resist the pressure of the air inside the balloon. =ow does the balloon with water in it resist breaking in the flame- ,hen water inside the balloon is placed in the flame the water absorbs most of the heat from the flame. (hen the rubber of the balloon does not become very hot. <ecause the rubber does not become hot it does not weaken and the balloon does not break. ,ater is a particularly good absorber of heat. >t takes a lot of heat to change the temperature of water. >t takes ten times as much heat to raise the temperature of 4 gram of water by 4C than it does to raise the temperature of 4 gram of iron by the same amount. (his is why it takes so long to bring a teakettle of water to the boil. 8n the other hand when water cools it releases a great deal of heat. (his is why areas near oceans

or other large bodies of water do not get as cold in winter as areas at the same latitude further inland.
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Use a Straw to Stab a Potato

Is it possible to stab a potato with a drinking straw? Find out with this fun science experiment for kids that shows how air pressure can be used in surprising ways.

What you'll need:

tiff plastic drinking straws ! raw potato

"old a plastic drinking straw by it sides #without covering the hole at the top$ and try %uickly stabbing the potato& what happens? 'epeat the experiment with a new straw but this time place your thumb over the top& covering the hole.

What's happening?
(lacing your thumb over the hole at the top of the straw improves your ability to pierce the potato skin and push the straw deep into the potato. )he first time you tried the experiment you may have only pierced the potato a small amount& so why are you more successful on the second attempt? *overing the top of the straw with your thumb traps the air inside& forcing it to compress as you stab the straw through the potato skin. )his makes the straw strong enough to pierce the potato& unlike the first attempt where the air is pushed out of the straw.