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Colette Becker, La Fabrique des "RougonMacquart"


Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,085|Likes: 4
Published by Oktavas
Article paru dans les "Cahiers Octave Mirbeau", n 15, 2008, pp. 167-179.
Also found in:Novels, Zola, romans, dossiers, Becker, fabrique, rougonmacquart
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dans son jaillissement, son fouillis de sensations de tous ordres, ce quadmire Huysmans dansles premires pages de
LAssommoir
, o
retentit un pareil vacarme de voix qui slvent,domnibus qui cahotent, de pas qui sonnent sur les pavs
. Pour crire
Pot-Bouille
, Zolavisite lglise Saint-Roch. Les notes quil prend suivent le rythme de sa promenade qui d c o u v r e p e u
p e u l e s d t a i l s c o m m e l e f e r a i t u n e c a m r a , m u s a r d a n t s u r l e s o b j e t s , sattardant sur telle de leurs
particularits, la ddicace dun
ex-voto
, un nombre, une forme de boiserie, ou cherchant fixer une atmosphre.Il est habile capter le vcu quotidien des divers
groupes sociaux quil prend pour sujets, Paris comme en province. Il sintresse leur cadre de vie habituel, leur
travail,leurs horaires, leurs loisirs, leurs coutumes, leurs habitudes en matire de nourriture, de vtements, de ftes,
faisant de vritables enqutes sociologiques. Lorsquil visite une maisondans un coron ou les installations de la mine, il porte un
regard mticuleux, mthodique sur les lieux et les gens.Mais cette enqute a des limites, ne serait-ce que parce que Zola la commence,
nouslavons vu, une fois sa

carcasse en grand
mise en place partir du dj su, du dj l. Sonregard nest jamais naf. Le romancier, la diffrence dun Flaubert, par exemple,
enqute pour authentifier son ide premire, pour aller chercher les
petits faits vrais
(gestes, mots,couleurs, odeurs...), qui donneront vie et vraisemblance son rcit. Il en est de mme du choix et de
lutilisation quil fait de certains faits divers.Il faut donc toujours se rappeler ce quil affirme dans une lettre Scipio Sighele :
Je ne suis pas un archologue qui dissque les monuments, je ne suis quun artiste. Jer e g a r d e e t j o b s e r v e p o u r c r e r ,
n o n p o u r c o p i e r . C e q u i m i m p o r t e , c e n e s t p a s lexactitude pdante des dtails, cest limpression synthtique.
Aussi lui arrive-t-il de transformer immdiatement une note en rcit (au cours de la documentation sur
lInternationale :
Conseil fdral du Nord. Pluchart secrtaire
, etc.),de ne pas tenir compte de ce quon lui affirme (ainsi ce que lui dit M
elle
Dulit de la ncessit, pour une vendeuse au pair, de prendre un amant), dinventer sans attendre un document (
Necherchez pas davantage un masque de variolique, mon sige est fait, et jen suis si content que je ne le corrigerais pas, mme sur des
documents exacts
, lettre Card, 7 janvier 1880),de faire des anachronismes volontaires (
Gervaise, en raccrochant, va de labattoir (quinexiste plus, mais je pourrai le laisser) lhpital
), etc., etc.Zola identifie, trie, enregistre, interprte en mme temps. Cration romanesque etrecherche de la
documentation, loin dtre deux tapes distinctes, sont menes de front, sengendrent lune lautre dans un va-et-vient
constant. La charge symbolique lemporte sur lexactitude de la reconstitution, la fiction sur la
mimesis
.Ce qui ne signifie pas, pour autant, que tout soit fig aux toutes premires lignes de lamise en place de lintrigue. On verra comment
ce quil a vu Anzin, o il sest rendu alorsque les mineurs taient en grve, lamne gommer certains souvenirs des violences de
laC o m m u n e p e s a n t s u r l e s p r e m i r e s p a g e s d e l b a u c h e , e t f a i t b a s c u l e r l e
p e r s o n n a g e dtienne. Il en fait dsormais un leader syndicaliste,
un hros enfin
, e t n o n p l u s u n meurtrier par hrdit
1
. Ds lors, nat et se dveloppe, partir de la mise en place des plansd u c h a p i t r e 3 d e l a 3
e
partie, la mtaphore de la germination contenue dans le mot
Germinal
, qui donne un sens nouveau au roman.
Mise en place de lintrigue et rflexions thoriques
Outre leur intrt documentaire (murs de lpoque, manires de vivre, conditions dutravail) et la possibilit quils offrent
de mieux jauger la validit de la documentation
1
Voir, Colette Becker, Du meurtrier par hrdit au hros rvolutionnaire. Etienne Lantier dans le
dossier prparatoire de
Germinal
,
Cahiers de lU.E.R. Froissart
, R e c h e r c h e s e n L e t t r e s e t S c i e n c e s H u m a i n e s , Zola. Thmes et recherches , n 5, automne 1980.
7

retenue par le romancier, les dossiers prparatoires contiennent aussi, au fil de lbauche etdes
Plans, des rflexions sur le roman en train de se faire et, plus largement, une rflexioncritique sur le
roman et les problmes de la fiction, sur lcriture et les problmes quelle pose. Elles sont souvent
neuves et compltent les nombreux articles publis partir de 1865.Mlant troitement rflexion
thorique et mise en pratique, dpourvus du schmatisme et dela violence polmique des textes
visant imposer une esthtique contre le roman la mode,les bauches et les plans sont dabord un
travail sur la mise en place de schmas narratifs.Zola ne cherche pas innover. Il se sert de ce que la
tradition lui offre, en explore les possibilits, choisit, au terme dessais successifs, ceux qui lui
semblent les plus efficaces.
Je ninvente rien
, peut-il avouer. Lessentiel est de
faire rendre
.Il utilise donc toutes les ressources du roman populaire, dont il sest nourri dans sonadolescence,
et surtout celles du mlodrame, puissante machine motions simples, primaires, fortes, dont, il le
confie, il est imprgn : il a vu au thtre dAix-en-Provence,dans sa jeunesse, le rpertoire du

Gymnase, de lAmbigu et de la Porte-Saint-Martin. Il parttoujours, dans lbauche, de ce matriel


banal et us qui lui est familier. Ainsi pour
LAssommoir
, il se borne reprendre les reprsentations habituelles de la violence ouvriretelles que les
divulguent pices, romans, tableaux, gravures :
Procder par grandes scnestypiques. Ainsi les bordes des ouvriers, une seule fois, mais en plein
et dramatis
,
Les premires rcles
,
Le drame banal chez le peuple, cest quelque jalousie brutale qui finit par jouer du couteau
(BNF, Ms, NAF 10 271, f
os
171, 160, 167).Il choisit ces schmas pour leur charge motionnelle et leur efficacit visuelle. Il
visealors accrotre ce poids de limage et du geste tout en travaillant transformer cesstrotypes.
Son originalit rside dans la manire dont il les revivifie en les investissant detoutes parts de ses
obsessions, de ses fantasmes, dans la libert laisse finalement limagination et aux mots. Car cest
essentiellement par lcriture que le conventionnel seramtamorphos, dans une tape ultrieure de
la cration que ne nous rvlent gure lesdossiers.On a pens que Zola ne passait pas par ltatire)
duroman en train dtre crit ou du roman prcdent. Ces morceaux de rdaction sont trsraturs,
repris plusieurs fois, modifis
1
Par ailleurs, il est sr que les manuscrits donns limprimeur sont le rsultat de versions
antrieures. Ils sont, en effet, trs souvent faits de parties colles appartenant manifestement ces
rdactions. Comme Hugo, comme lesGoncourt, Zola a dtruit cette tape du corps corps avec
lcriture, qui na pas t facile
2
, pour ne faire apparatre que le travail de construction, tmoignage de sa mthode , etlaisser
dans lombre ltape capitale, dterminante, de lcriture.Zola rflchit, aussi, au cours de la mise
en place de son intrigue, sur la question de la
distribution
de la description (selon son expression), de linsertion des informationsrassembles, ce qui le
conduit une rflexion sur le personnage, son rle, son statut danslconomie du rcit, le
personnage
servant

poser
,
donnant
(mots quil utilisefrquemment) tel milieu, telle situation :
Mes enfants, Jeanlin, Bbert et Lydie doivent medonner toute la question de linstruction
,
Me donne lcurie et les chevaux. Je ne le vois pas dans laction
, lit-on dans le dossier de
Germinal
, propos du pre Mouque).Il rflchit encore sur les moyens de crer lillusion raliste, de rendre
le rcitvraisemblable et logique, mais aussi efficace. Il vise, nous lavons vu, souvent, leffet,
encherchant frapper lattention du lecteur et la retenir. Il prfre donc, la description, lascne,
qui lui permet de dramatiser , il recherche les systmes doppositions, de
1
2

Voir la prface du vol. III :


Cela stablira en crivant
(Zola) . Nous consacrerons la prface du volumeIV de cette dition la question des brouillons.
8

paralllismes, les rappels, les


leitmotive
, qui rendent le rcit facilement lisible et aismentmmorisable. Il est encore trs attentif au rythme
de lensemble, lquilibre des chapitres lesuns par rapport aux autres, celui des squence
lintrieur de chaque chapitre. Les dossierssont, en un sens, autant de manifestes de la littrature
nouvelle que veut imposer Zola.Ils nous font assister au double travail dune logique et dune
imagination, ils nous permettent de suivre les efforts dune intelligence ttonnant pour rsoudre les
difficultsdune construction, les projets successifs de scnarios et de personnages, les rejets,
lessuppressions, les remords, les barrires que simpose lcrivain, ou ses laisser-aller, maisaussi ce
qui, exprim clairement dans le travail prparatoire, se masque dans le texte dfinitif.Certaines
intentions ne sont lisibles que grce la connaissance de lavant-texte qui permetden suivre les
traces do, en dfinitive, de mieux lire luvre, en ses points de tiraillement.On est frapp, lire
les dossiers, par la constante affirmation de la volont de puissance, par
la prgnance, dans lbauche, dun discours volontariste, planificateur, et la prsencemassive,
opaque, dun sujet rgisseur et raisonneur. Le contraire, apparemment, delimprovisation et de la
drive
1
. En fait, il ne sagit l que de la premire phase du travail.Quand on y regarde de prs, on
saperoit que rien na t aussi simple, aussi facile, que lestiraillements, les indcisions, les
hsitations ont t nombreux. Concluons par cet aveu deZola dans une lettre Huysmans du 20 mai
1884, quil convient daccepter sans nuance :
Moi, je tche de travailler le plus tranquillement possible, mais je renonce voir clair dans ce que je
fais, car plus je vais et plus je suis convaincu que nos uvres en gestationchappent absolument
notre volont
.
Et noublions pas ltape de lcriture, que les dossiers, si on veut bien les lire dans leur totalit,
rectos et versos, pour la premire fois pris en compte dans cette dition, nous laissententrevoir.
Principes de l dition
Les dossiers se prsentent sous forme de volumes relis et pagins. Nous avons respectleur
ordre.On trouvera face face le fac-simil du folio et sa transcription diplomatique. Nous avons
respect lorthographe de Zola en indiquant les fautes ou les erreurs par unastrisque, et sa
ponctuation, tout en nous rservant le droit, pour rendre le texte plus lisible,de rtablir
systmatiquement laccentuation. Si, en effet, les fautes dorthographe peuvent parfois prter
interprtation, et rvler limaginaire voire la dmarche du romancier, sonaccentuation, en gnral
correcte, est seulement capricieuse, probablement par rapiditdcriture. Il lui arrive daccentuer ou
pas le mme mot lintrieur de la mme ligne.Sigles utiliss :rature : [ ]surcharge : d[es]/u :
des
surcharg en
du
Ordre de ldition :On trouvera, pour chaque dossier :1 Un descriptif dtaill, indiquant, en gras,
les titres en pleine page, en maigre, les titres enhaut de page ;2 Le dossier ;
1
Henri Mitterand, Programme et prconstruit gntiques : le dossier de
LAssommoir

,
Essais de critique gntique
, Flammarion, 1979, p. 199 et p. 201.
9

3 La liste des ouvrages utiliss comme sources, une liste des textes de Zola (articles, contes,)
qui ont pu lui servir dans la composition du roman, dans la mesure o il y traite dj lemme sujet,
des lettres o il sexplique sur ses intentions.Colette BECKER
Notes
10
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XV1mC","\/\/kQU","25QWk","q6Le5"],"module":true},"PhotoInlineEditor":
{"resources":
["QSXbj","p5\/3P","MT1v3","qxz4\/","\/X1Xo","mNng\/","lctmx","\/\/kQU"
,"ljPb+","25QWk","vXvKQ","q6Le5","AtxWD"],"module":true},"Form":
{"resources":
["QSXbj","mNng\/","qxz4\/"],"module":true},"SpotlightShareViewer":
{"resources":["QSXbj","p5\/3P","zyFOp"],"module":true},"Toggler":
{"resources":
["QSXbj","qxz4\/","p5\/3P","mNng\/","\/X1Xo"],"module":true},"Tooltip"
:{"resources":
["QSXbj","qxz4\/","mNng\/","p5\/3P","\/X1Xo","lctmx"],"module":true},"
DOM":{"resources":["QSXbj"],"module":true},"Input":{"resources":
["QSXbj","mNng\/"],"module":true},"trackReferrer":{"resources":
[],"module":true},"DimensionTracking":{"resources":
["QSXbj"],"module":true},"HighContrastMode":{"resources":
["QSXbj"],"module":true},"DetectBrokenProxyCache":{"resources":
["QSXbj"],"module":true}});}});requireLazy(["InitialJSLoader"],
function(InitialJSLoader)
{InitialJSLoader.loadOnDOMContentReady(["QSXbj","\/X1Xo","AX5tX","p5\/
3P","4vv8\/","qxz4\/"]);});requireLazy(["Bootloader"],
function(Bootloader)
{Bootloader.configurePage(["n\/lsR","mNng\/","25QWk","PC57J"]);});

(require("ServerJSDefine")).handleDefines([["EagleEyeConfig",[],
{"seed":"0dml"},294],["TrackingConfig",[],

{"domain":"https:\/\/pixel.facebook.com"},325],["TimeSpentConfig",[],
{"0_delay":0,"0_timeout":8,"delay":200000,"timeout":64},142],
["AsyncRequestConfig",[],
{"retryOnNetworkError":"1"},328]]);require("InitialJSLoader").handleSe
rverJS({"elements":[["m_0_1","login_form",2],
["m_0_2","loginbutton",2],["m_0_0","u_0_1",2],
["m_0_3","login_form",2]],"require":[["PixelRatio","startDetecting",
[],[1]],["PostLoadJS","loadAndRequire",[],["DimensionTracking"]],
["PostLoadJS","loadAndCall",[],["HighContrastMode","init",
[{"isHCM":false,"spacerImage":"https:\/\/fbstatica.akamaihd.net\/rsrc.php\/v2\/y4\/r\/-PAXP-deijE.gif"}]]],
["PostLoadJS","loadAndCall",[],["DetectBrokenProxyCache","run",
[0,"c_user"]]],["ScriptPath","set",[],
["\/profile_page_timeline.php","01229cf6"]],["ClickRefLogger"],
["userAction","setUATypeConfig",[],[{"ua:e":false}]],
["ScriptPathState","setUserURISampleRate",[],[0.0002]],
["userAction","setCustomSampleConfig",[],[{"ua:n":{"test":{"ua_id":
{"test":true}}},"ua:i":{"snowlift":{"action":
{"open":true,"close":true}},"canvas":{"action":
{"mouseover":true,"mouseout":true}}}}]],["UserActionHistory"],
["ScriptPathLogger","startLogging",[],[]],
["TimeSpentBitArrayLogger","init",[],[]],["TinyViewport"],
["WebStorageMonster","schedule",[],[false]],
["AsyncRequestNectarLogging"],["TimezoneAutoset","setInputValue",
["m_0_0"],[{"__m":"m_0_0"},1396767976]],["LoginFormController","init",
["m_0_1","m_0_2"],[{"__m":"m_0_1"},{"__m":"m_0_2"},null]],
["FlipDirectionOnKeypress"],["ModuleErrorLogger","init",[],[]]]});

onloadRegister_DEPRECATED(function (){try { $("email").focus(); }


catch (_ignore) { }});var bigPipe = new (require("BigPipe"))
({"lid":0,"forceFinish":true});bigPipe.onPageletArrive({"id":"first_re
sponse","phase":0,"jsmods":{},"is_last":true,"css":
["n\/lsR","mNng\/","25QWk","PC57J"],"js":
["QSXbj","\/X1Xo","AX5tX","p5\/3P","4vv8\/","qxz4\/"]})bigPipe.onPagel
etArrive({"content":{"pagelet_toolbar":
{"container_id":"u_0_2"}},"css":
["n\/lsR"],"id":"pagelet_toolbar","phase":1})bigPipe.onPageletArrive({
"content":{"pagelet_timeline_main_column":
{"container_id":"u_0_3"}},"jsmods":{"require":
[["TimelineController","init",[],["6978454082","timeline",
{"has_fixed_ads":false,"one_column_minimal":false,"is_rhc_redesign":fa
lse}]]]},"css":["n\/lsR"],"resource_map":{"PUB5N":
{"type":"js","crossOrigin":1,"src":"https:\/\/fbstatica.akamaihd.net\/rsrc.php\/v2\/yU\/r\/OURxll9WKmD.js"}},"js":
["QSXbj","p5\/3P","lctmx","PUB5N"],"id":"pagelet_timeline_main_column"
,"phase":1})bigPipe.onPageletArrive({"display_dependency":
["pagelet_toolbar"],"content":
{"page_admin_panel":""},"id":"page_admin_panel","phase":1})bigPipe.onP
ageletArrive({"display_dependency":
["pagelet_timeline_main_column"],"content":
{"pagelet_main_column_personal":{"container_id":"u_0_8"}},"jsmods":
{"instances":[["m_0_6",["TimelineCover","m_0_5"],[{"__m":"m_0_5"},
{"cover_height":315,"cover_width":851}],1],["m_0_a",
["Spotlight","LayerHideOnBlur","LayerHideOnEscape","m_0_b"],

[{"addedBehaviors":[{"__m":"LayerHideOnBlur"},
{"__m":"LayerHideOnEscape"}],"attributes":
{"id":"photos_snowlift","tabindex":"0","role":"region","arialabel":"Galeria de fotografii Facebook","ariabusy":"true"},"classNames":["fbPhotoSnowlift","fbxPhoto"]},
{"__m":"m_0_b"}],3]],"markup":[["m_0_8",{"__html":"Pagin\u0103
verificat\u0103"},2],["m_0_9",{"__html":"\u003Cdiv>\u003C\/div>"},2],
["m_0_b",{"__html":"\u003Cdiv class=\"_n3\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotoSnowliftContainer uiContextualLayerParent\" dataft=\"{"type":44,"tn":"*F"}\">\
u003Cdiv class=\"clearfix fbPhotoSnowliftPopup\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"stageWrapper lfloat _ohe\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotoSnowliftFullScreen fullScreenSwitch\"
id=\"fullScreenSwitch\">\u003Ca data-hover=\"tooltip\" arialabel=\"Intră în modul ecran complet\" data-tooltipposition=\"below\" data-tooltip-alignh=\"right\" href=\"#\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftFullScreenSwitch\" dataft=\"{"tn":"+?"}\"
role=\"button\">\u003C\/a>\u003Ca data-hover=\"tooltip\" arialabel=\"Apasă Esc pentru a ieşi din modul ecran complet\"
data-tooltip-position=\"below\" data-tooltip-alignh=\"right\"
href=\"#\" id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftFullScreenClose\" dataft=\"{"tn":"+\\u003C"}\"
role=\"button\">\u003C\/a>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"stage\" dataft=\"{"tn":"E"}\">\u003Cimg
class=\"spotlight spotlight\" src=\"\/images\/spacer.gif\"
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id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftTagBoxes\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotoTagApproval\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftTagApproval\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"_5bai\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftComputerVisionInfo\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003
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class=\"stageActions\" id=\"snowliftStageActions\" dataft=\"{"tn":"+\\u0040"}\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"clearfix snowliftOverlay snowliftOverlayBar
rightButtons\">\u003Cdiv class=\"overlayBarButtons rfloat
_ohf\">\u003Cdiv class=\"_6a _6b fbPhotosPhotoActions\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftActions\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotosPhotoButtons\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftButtons\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"mediaTitleInfo\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"mediaTitleBoxFlex\">\u003Cdiv
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftMediaTitle\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cspan class=\"mlm
hidden_elem\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftPositionAndCount\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cdiv
class=\"mediaTitleInfoSpacer\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u0
03C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"fbPhotosPhotoTagboxBase newTagBox
hidden_elem\" style=\"\">\u003Cdiv class=\"borderTagBox\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"innerTagBox\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"ieContentFix\">\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div
>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"tag\" style=\"\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"tagPointer\">\u003Ci class=\"tagArrow img sp_5l8dti
sx_fea38d\">\u003C\/i>\u003Cdiv
class=\"tagName\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u00
3C\/div>\u003Ca class=\"snowliftPager prev\" title=\"Precedenta\"

data-ft=\"{"tn":"
+>"}\">\u003Ci>\u003C\/i>\u003C\/a>\u003Ca
class=\"snowliftPager next\" title=\"Următoarea\" dataft=\"{"tn":"
+="}\">\u003Ci>\u003C\/i>\u003C\/a>\u003Cdiv
class=\"photoError stageError\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftError\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"rhc photoUfiContainer\" data-ft=\"{"tn":"
+Z"}\">\u003Cdiv class=\"rhcHeader\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotoSnowliftControls\">\u003Ca data-hover=\"tooltip\" arialabel=\"Apasă Esc pentru a închide\" data-tooltipposition=\"below\" data-tooltip-alignh=\"right\"
class=\"closeTheater\" href=\"#\" dataft=\"{"tn":"+\\u003C"}\"
role=\"button\">\u003C\/a>\u003Ca data-hover=\"tooltip\" arialabel=\"Apasă Esc pentru a ieşi din modul ecran complet\"
data-tooltip-position=\"below\" data-tooltip-alignh=\"right\"
class=\"closeTheater fullscreenCommentClose\" href=\"#\" dataft=\"{"tn":"+\\u003C"}\"
role=\"button\">\u003C\/a>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftInlineEditor\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cform
rel=\"async\" class=\"fbPhotosSnowliftFeedbackForm rhcBody
commentable_item autoexpand_mode\" method=\"post\" dataft=\"{"tn":"]"}\"
action=\"\/ajax\/ufi\/modify.php\" onsubmit=\"return window.Event
&& Event.__inlineSubmit &&
Event.__inlineSubmit(this,event)\" id=\"u_0_7\">\u003Cinput
type=\"hidden\" name=\"charset_test\"
value=\"€,´,\u20ac,\u00b4,\u6c34,\u0414,\u0404\"
\/>\u003Cinput type=\"hidden\" name=\"lsd\" value=\"AVqxPd4u\"
autocomplete=\"off\" \/>\u003Cdiv class=\"uiScrollableArea rhcScroller
native\" style=\"width:285px;\">\u003Cdiv class=\"uiScrollableAreaWrap
scrollable\" aria-label=\"Zonă de derulare\" role=\"group\"
tabindex=\"0\">\u003Cdiv class=\"uiScrollableAreaBody\">\u003Cdiv
class=\"uiScrollableAreaContent\">\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftSpecificAudience\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cdiv
class=\"clearfix fbPhotoSnowliftAuthorInfo\">\u003Cdiv class=\"lfloat
_ohe\" id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftAuthorPic\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"_42ef\">\u003Cdiv class=\"fbPhotoContributorName\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftAuthorName\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"mrs fsm
fwn fcg\">\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftCreatorInfo\">\u003C\/span>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"mrs fsm fwn fcg\">\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftSubscribe\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftTimestamp\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cdiv class=\"mls\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftAudienceSelector\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cd
iv class=\"fsm fwn fcg\">\u003Cdiv class=\"fbPhotosOnProfile\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftOnProfile\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftPromote\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftViewOnApp\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cspan
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftUseApp\">\u003C\/span>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u00
3Cdiv>\u003Cspan class=\"fbPhotosPhotoCaption\" tabindex=\"0\" arialive=\"polite\" id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftCaption\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cspan
class=\"fbPhotoTagList\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftTagList\">\u003C\/span>\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotoPagesTagList\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftPagesTagList\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"pts

fbPhotoLegacyTagList\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftLegacyTagList\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"mvm
fbPhotosPhotoOwnerButtons stat_elem\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftOwnerButtons\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotosSnowliftFeedback\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftFeedback\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u0
03C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"fbPhotosSnowboxFeedbackInput\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftFeedbackInput\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/form>\u003Cdiv
class=\"fbPhotosSnowliftPlaceInfo\"
id=\"fbPhotoSnowliftPlaceInfo\">\u003C\/div>\u003Cdiv class=\"_5ciw
rhcFooter\" data-ft=\"{"tn":"
+\\\\"}\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>\u
003Cdiv id=\"pagelet_photo_viewer_init\"
class=\"hidden_elem\">\u003C\/div>\u003C\/div>"},3]],"elements":
[["m_0_4","pagelet_timeline_recent",2],["m_0_5","u_0_4",2],
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[{"__m":"m_0_4"},"recent",
{"profile_id":6978454082,"start":0,"end":1398927599,"query_type":36,"s
ection_pagelet_id":"pagelet_timeline_recent","load_immediately":true},
true,null,0,-1]],["m_0_6"],["Tooltip","set",["m_0_7","m_0_8"],
[{"__m":"m_0_7"},{"__m":"m_0_8"}]],["PhotoSnowlift","touch",["m_0_9"],
[{"__m":"m_0_9"}]],["m_0_a"],["PhotoSnowlift","initWithSpotlight",
["m_0_a"],[{"__m":"m_0_a"},
{"pivot_end_metric":false,"og_videos":false,"snowlift_redesign":false,
"snowlift_redesign_caption":false,"snowlift_slideshow":false,"snowlift
_redesign_links":false,"photos_client_loading":false,"snowlift_allow_i
rrelevant_requests":false,"min_ads":2}]],["Scrollable"]]},"css":
["xtyh7","n\/lsR","mNng\/","NLYsZ","25QWk"],"resource_map":{"bEYY7":
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["QSXbj","p5\/3P","qxz4\/","lctmx","PUB5N","\/X1Xo","bEYY7","3v3db","M
T1v3"],"displayJS":
["QSXbj"],"id":"pagelet_main_column_personal","phase":1})bigPipe.onPag
eletArrive({"display_dependency":
["pagelet_main_column_personal"],"content":
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{"type":"js","crossOrigin":1,"src":"https:\/\/fbstatica.akamaihd.net\/rsrc.php\/v2\/yf\/r\/B-0-Rvrtbz-.js"},"qeDU3":
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["QSXbj","p5\/3P","\/X1Xo","qxz4\/","lctmx","PUB5N","cwnov","yIQQ1"],"
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["QSXbj"],"id":"pagelet_timeline_nav","phase":1})bigPipe.onPageletArri
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{"pagelet_loggedout_sign_up":{"container_id":"u_0_j"}},"css":
["mNng\/"],"id":"pagelet_loggedout_sign_up","phase":2})Repere
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A Travel Collection That Will Really Take You Places


blog.scribd.com
Reading is, in itself, a form of travel. Any bookworm can agree often a novel set in an distant land or about an exotic culture
can transport you instantly into another world. Our new travel
coll...
2mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

7.
Scribd

27 martie
Scribd Author Series March: Rudy Rucker (6 fotografii)
Get 2 free months of Scribd reading and read all of Rudy's latest
books!
scribd.com/promo/cyberpunk la Scribd Author Series Presents:
Rudy Rucker.

mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

8.

Scribd a distribuit un link.

26 martie
Scribd Giveaway: Where in the world would you love to curl up
with a book? Enter and you could win an iPad mini, a $500 airline
voucher, and a free year of reading on Scribd.
Hurry up and get pinning - the first 30 people to enter will
receive a 3 month Scribd subscription!

What's your idea of a good book nook?


offerpop.com
Help us build a board of book nooks and you could win some
awesome prizes. Just enter to win by pinning your idea of a
perfect reading spot, near or far!
3mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

9.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

26 martie
We're pleased to announce our partnership with Lonely Planet.
Bookworms, you've got some serious travel reading to do!

Read Around the World: Scribd Announces Partnership with Lonely Planet
blog.scribd.com
Calling all travelers! We've got some amazing news: Scribd is
partnering with award-winning travel guide publisher Lonely
Planet to offer subscribers unlimited access to hundreds of
bestselling gui...
4mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

10.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

25 martie
Check it out: O, The Oprah Magazine features Scribd author Laura
Lippman's new book, After I'm Gone, as one of their favorite new
mysteries on Oprah.com.
Read the rest of Laura's thrilling titles here on Scribd:
http://www.scribd.com/laura1lippman

Mystery Thriller Books - After I'm Gone By Laura Lippman - Book Finder - Oprah.com
www.oprah.com
In 1976, things look bad for Felix Brewer, the crooked
businessman with big ambitions
1mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

11.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

21 martie
We got so excited for the premier of Divergent, we decided to
read all the YA dystopian novels we could find!

Inspired by Divergent: Young Adult Dystopian Literature


blog.scribd.com
Last night at midnight, Divergent, the latest in the teenaged
dystopias craze, hit theaters. The movie is based on a book by
Veronica Roth, the first chapter in a post-apocalyptic action
adventure ...
1mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

12.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

20 martie
C'mon....who doesn't love Jane Austen?

23 Signs Your Jane Austen Addiction Is Getting Out Of Hand


www.buzzfeed.com
OK, so maybe you've lost touch with reality, but who needs
reality when you've got Mr. Darcy?
4mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

13.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

19 martie
We can't wait for #SciFi writer Rudy Rucker to come to Scribd
next Thursday! Will you be there?

SciFi Writer Rudy Rucker to Speak at Next Scribd Author Series Event
blog.scribd.com
Our next Scribd Author Series Event is almost here and we
couldn't be more excited! This month, we'll be hosting
contemporary science fiction master Rudy Rucker at our
headquarters in San Francisco...
1mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

14.

Scribd a distribuit un link.

17 martie
Announcing updates to our #Android and #iOS mobile apps!
Download for Android app
here:https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?
id=com.scribd.app.reader0
Download for iOS here: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/scribdworlds-digital-library/id542557212?mt=8

Scribd Updates: App Features and Improvements


blog.scribd.com
Hey Scribd readers - we've just updated the our mobile app for
iOS and Android devices! This update includes several great new
features along with a few important fixes. Some highlights are:
Text s...
4mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

15.
Scribd a creat un eveniment.

13 martie

Scribd Author Series Presents: Rudy Rucker


27 martie la 17:30 n PDT
Scribd n San Francisco, California
Au participat 21 de persoane
mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

16.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

13 martie
Hey Rachael Ray fans - Scribd was featured this morning on The
Rachael Ray Show! For more info (and some delicious reading
suggestions) check out our blog.

Scribd Gets Cooking with Rachel Ray


blog.scribd.com
Exciting news: this morning, Scribd was featured on an episode of

the Rachel Ray Show! In addition to running a special online


giveaway for a year of reading on Scribd, Scribd subscriptions
were gi...
2mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

17.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

13 martie
Planning a spring break for the history books this year?
Before hitting the beach, prep yourself (and maybe find a few
ideas for books to read while sunbathing) by checking out this
list we put together!

Community Post: 21 Literary Characters You'll Meet On Spring Break


www.buzzfeed.com
Party on, bookworms. Party on.
5mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

18.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

11 martie
We love books. We also love House of Cards.
Boom! 23 books you should read if you love House of Cards. Get
started with Othello here on Scribd:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/112240368/Othello-The-Original-ClassicEdition

23 Books Every Fan Of House Of Cards Should Read


www.buzzfeed.com
A House of Cards reading list.
1mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

19.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

6 martie
Did you know that more than half of our readers are
international?
Our Editorial Staff has put together a list of some of our
favorite International Bestsellers collection. Let's hope one of
them winds up on your reading list for the weekend!

Read Around the World: International Bestsellers


blog.scribd.com
Here at Scribd, we pride ourselves on having a truly
international reach. And we're not just talking about app
capabilities (though the app does work around the world) - more
than half of our subsc...
6824mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

20.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

4 martie
In honor of Mardi Gras, we put together a special New Orleans
collection. Party on, bookworms!

Mardi Gras Reads: The New Orleans Collection


blog.scribd.com
Mardi Gras (that's French for Fat Tuesday) celebrations may date
back to Medieval Europe, but everyone knows that today, New
Orleans is where the party's at. Though we couldn't get to NOLA
to witne...
239mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

21.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

4 martie
We wonder....how long would it take you to finish all the books
on Scribd with this tool?

How To Read Faster Than You Ever Thought Possible


www.huffingtonpost.com
Soon you could read all 309 pages of "Harry Potter and the
Sorcerer's Stone" in under 77 minutes. Yes, you. To get through
it that quickly (a pace of 1,000 words a minute) you'll have to
use an about-to-be released app and forgo the ide...
20647mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

22.
Scribd a distribuit un link.

2 martie
Wonder what people are reading around the country?
We teamed up with PARADE Magazine to bring you the most
information on the most popular reads around the USA. Find out
what book people are reading in your home state!

The Most Popular Book in Each of the 50 States


parade.condenast.com
According to Scribd, an expansive e-book library, the literary
selections above are the most widely read in those five locales.
Wondering about your state? See the full list below. Scribda
Netflix-like e-book subscription service that lets users read
unlimited books for $8.99 per montharrived at
11521mi place Comenteaz Distribuie

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