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Environment Management

Question Bank
Long answer questions Unit 1
1. What do you understand by conservation of natural resources? Explain the role of individuals in conservation of natural resources and the associated problems? 2. What are the principles of sustainable development? Explain the measure to foster sustainable development? 3. Why is there a need for public awareness about environment management? 4. Explain in detail the concept of renewable and non renewable resources and the problems associated with them? 5. Short notes: a. Fossil fuels b. Conservation of forests c. Environment management d. Deforestation

Unit 2
6. What do you mean by ecosystem? What are the characteristics of an ecosystem? Explain the different types of ecosystems found in nature? 7. Explain the structure and functions of ecosystem? 8. What is ecological succession? Discuss the different types of ecological pyramids in detail? 9. Explain the different types of energy and nutrient cycles? 10. Explain the concept of biodiversity? What are three organizational levels of biodiversity? Explain the different values of biodiversity? 11. What are different ways of conservation of biodiversity (ex-situ & in-situ) 12. Short notes: a. Food chain & food web b. India- as a mega diversity nation c. Industrial ecology d. Threats to biodiversity

Unit 3
13. How global population affects the environment and human health? 14. Explain in detail the importance of information technology in environment and human health? 15. What is urbanization? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of urbanization? 16. Comment on India will be a super power by the end of 2030. 17. What are the different types of risks associated with chemicals in food? 18. What is carbon rating? Explain the concepts of carbon labeling, carbon credits and carbon foot printing? What are its applications and uses? 19. Short notes: a. Intellectual Property Rights b. Women and child welfare c. Family welfare programs d. Community biodiversity registers

Unit 4
20. How agricultural patterns in India affect the land water and air? 21. What are the causes of ozone layer depletion and suggest some of the remedies to control the depletion? 22. What is air pollution? Explain its sources, effects on plants (vegetati0n) and human beings? What are the control measures to reduce air pollution? 23. What is water pollution? State its causes. Discuss the various strategies adopted for conservation of water? 24. Define noise pollution. What are the causes and effects of noise pollution? Suggest measures to control noise pollution? 25. Short notes: a. Green house effect b. Acid rains c. Global warming d. Thermal pollution e. Arsenic poisoning f. Eutrophication g. Marine pollution h. Soil pollution i. Rain water harvesting j. Nuclear hazards

Unit 5
26. What are the problems and concerns of resettlement related to construction of dams? 27. What are the urban & rural equity issues and possible solutions on environment? 28. Explain the concept of environmental economics? What is valuation and different types of values? What is cost benefit analysis? 29. Write short notes: a. Environmental ethics b. Community Biodiversity Registers c. Public awareness environmental calendars

U nit 6
30. Enumerate the provisions of Environment (Protection) Act. 31. What are the salient features of the Forest Conservation Act? 32. Explain the wild life protection act in detail? 33. Describe the importance of environmental auditing? 34. Explain the different issues involved in enforcement of Environmental legislations. 35. Short notes: a. Environmental Impact Assessment. b. Clearance for establishing industry c. Environment management system d. ISO 14000 e. Central pollution control board & State pollution control board

Short answer questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.


Environment management Scope of environment management Global v/s Local nature of environment management Renewable or Non-renewable resources Forest stakeholders Advantages of dams

Disadvantages of dams 8. Importance of forests 9. Importance of water 10. Sustainable agriculture 11. Water harvesting

12. Ecosystem 13. Structural aspects of ecosystem 14. Biotic structure 15. Abiotic structure 16. Trophic structure 17. Sanding mass 18. Food chain 19. Food web 20. Ecological pyramids 21. Types of ecosystem 22. Biodiversity 23. 3 organizational levels of biodiversity 24. Ex-situ conservation 25. In-situ conservation 26. Biodiversity inventories 27. Types of gene bank 28. Population explosion 29. Enumerate 5 most populated countries in the world3s 30. Enumerate 5 most populated states of India 31. Problems due to over population 32. Urbanization 33. Infectious diseases 34. Water related diseases 35. Human rights and environment 36. Carbon foot printing 37. Carbon labeling 38. Carbon credits 39. Carbon rating 40. Pollution 41. Types of pollutants 42. Air pollution 43. Water pollution 44. Point sources 45. Non point sources 46. Oil slicks 47. Red tides 48. Eutrophication 49. TTS 50. NIPTS 51. Noise control techniques 52. Sources of thermal pollution 53. Urbanization

54. Disadvantages of dam construction 55. Environmental public awareness calendar 56. Valuation 57. Cost benefits analysis 58. Effects of Tehri dam 59. Narmada Bachao Andolan 60. Resource consumption patterns 61. Environmental auditing 62. Environmental impact assessment 63. Define MoEF. 64. What is CPCB? 65. Explain purpose of environmental audit? 66. What is SPCB? 67. Objectives of EIA. 68. Functional issues of local bodies 69. Permission for establishing industry 70. Objective of ISO 14001