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# PHYSICS TUTE 02 PARTICLE PHYSICS

01. A particle with charge q was moving at a velocity v through a magnetic field. This particle experiences a force (F) and it is given by: F=Bqvsin (a) Name the symbols B and . (b) State the SI and base unit of B. (c) Define B. (d) How do you find the direction of B? 02. A proton is fired at the speed v at 90 to the magnetic field. (a) Why is it moving in a circular path? (b) Why is it moving at constant speed? (c) Using the usual symbols derive an equation for period of revolution and frequency. Hence show that period or frequency is independent from speed as well as the radius of the path. (d) Two protons are fired at 90 to the magnetic field at the speeds v and 2v respectively. Explain qualitatively their periods are the same. 03. Sketch the path taken by the charged particles in the following diagrams. (a)
electron

(b)
proton

(c)
neutron

(d)
v proton v electron

(e)
v alpha v proton

04. An electron moving at right angles to a magnetic field of flux density 0.20T experiences an acceleration of 3.0x1015 ms-2. (a) What is the speed of the electron? (b) By how much does its speed change in the next 200ns? 05. An alpha particle moving at 90 to the magnetic field with a speed of 5x106 ms-1 enters a region in which there is a uniform magnetic field of 0.15T. (a) Find the force acting. (b) What is the mass of the alpha particle in kg? (c) Find the magnitude of the acceleration. (d) Repeat the same when the alpha travels at an angle 30 to the field. 06. Bubble chamber is used to detect charged particles. (a) State the main principle involved. (b) Particle movies in an inward spiral in the bubble chamber, explain. (c) Two unknown charged particles A and B are enters in to the bubble chamber. (i) Length of track of A > Length of track of B, why? (ii) Thickness of track of B > Thickness of track of A, why?

07. (a) Track of alpha in the bubble chamber is shown below. Find the direction of the magnetic field. (i) (ii)

(b) Track of unknown particle is shown in the bubble chamber, find the sign of the charge.

08. (a) State the three laws of conservation related to particle interaction. (b) A particle interacted with a proton at A. (i) Find the sign of the charge. (ii) There must be another particle produced at A, give a reason. (iii) R has no track, why?

09. (a) Using usual symbols show that, momentum of a charged particle = Bqr (b) Proton and He++ are moving with the same velocity, compare their momentums. (c) The diagram shows a proton track in a bubble chamber. Sketch the path of an anti-alpha particle, starting from A.

10. Incoming particle interacts with stationary proton at P. As a result track E and other two neutral particles are produced. (a) Find the sign of the tracks A, B, C, D and E. (b) Explain the reasons for the tracks produced.

11. The figure represents tracks in the bubble chamber before and after a particle interaction. (a) Why are there no tracks from A to B? (b) Determine the charge on each track. (c) Find the charge on S.