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DESIGN

OF FOOTING FOR EDGE COLUMN

Data :Load from side or edge column = 200 KN


Column size
= 230 x 230 mm
2
SBC of soil
=120 KN /m
Concrete Mix
=M20
Steel Grade
= Fe 415
Clear cover of bottom slab
=50 mm
Design :1. SIZE OF FOOTING :
Load on column

Self weight of footing 10%

=200 KN
=

20 KN

SBC of soil

------220 KN
--------2
=120 KN/m

Area of footing required

Total load on soil

P1

220 / 120 =1.83 m

Provide 1.50 x 1.50 m square footing.


Area provided

=2.25 m2 > 1.83 m2

2. NET UPWARD SOIL PRESSURE :


Load from column

=200 KN

Area of footing

=2.25 m2

Net upward soil pressure p

=200 / 2.25 =88.90 KN/m2


< 120 KN/m2(SBC)

3. FOOTING SLAB :
Provide overall depth of slab
Bending moment

=250 mm
= 88.9 x 0.6352/2

O.K.

=17.90 KN.m
Factored moment

K=Mu /b d2

Mu

=1.5 x 17.90 =26.90 KN.m

= 26.90 x 106 / 1000 x 1822 = 0.81

100 Pt from Table 2 of Design Aid


Ast =

0.236/100x1000x 182 =430 mm2

Provide 10 RTS @ 150 mm C / c

=0.236
(Ast=524 mm2

430 mm2 ).

Distributors:

Minimum Ast =0.20/100x1000x 250 =500 mm2


Provide 10 RTS @ 150 mm C / c

500 mm2 )

(Ast=524 mm2

4. BEAM DESIGN :
Load /m run on beam
Load from footing slab

= 56.50 KN/m

88.90 x 0.635
Self weight of beam assuming size as 300 x 600 mm
0.30 x (0.60 0.25) x 25
Total udl
Span

=26 KN/m
--------= 59.10 KN/m
---------=1.50 m

Maximum bending moment

=wl2/2
= 59.10 x 1.502 /2
= 66.49 KN.m

Factored B.M.

=1.50 x 66.49
=99.74 KN.m

Torsional moment

=88.90 x 0.6352 /2
=17.92 KN.m

Tu = 1.5 x 17.92
Mt = Tu (1+ D/b)
1.7

=26.88 KN.m
= 26.88 (1 + 0.60/0.30)
1.7
= 47.44 KN.m

Mu > Mt

Equivalent B.M.

Me

= 99.74 + 47.44
= 147.18 KN.m

K = 147.18 x 106

= 1.77

300 x 5262
100 Pt from Table 2 of Design Aid = 0.553
Ast = 0.553
100

x 300 x 526

=872.63 mm2
Provide 3 Nos. 20 RTS 2 bottom. Provide 3 Nos.
16 RTS @ top. (Ast = 942 mm2 > 872.63 mm2 ).
Check for shear:
Maximum Shear Force = 59.10 x 1.50 = 88.65 KN.
Factored SF Vu = 1.5 x 88.65 = 132.98 KN.
Equivalent Shear Ve = Vu + 1.6 Tu /b
= 132.98 + {1.6 x 26.88 x10 3/300 }
= 132.98 + 143.36
=276.34 KN
Shear stress = 276.34 x 103
300 x 526
=1.75 N/ mm2 < 2.80 N/mm2
Pt = 942 x100
300 x 526
=0.60

O.K.

c from Table 61 Design Aid =0.51 N/mm2


Asv = Tu Sv
b1d1(0.87 Fy)

Vu Sv
2.5 d1 (0.87 Fy)

b1= 300-25-25-20-8 =222 mm


d1= 600- 50-8-10-50-8-8=466 mm
Asv= (0.87 x fy)
Sv

26.88 x 106
222 x 466

132.98 x 103
2.5 x 466

= 260 + 114.24
= 374.24 mm
Asv x( 0.87 fy)
Sv

= (1.75 -0.51) x 300

=372 mm
Using 8 RTS stirrups spacing Sv = 2x 50x0.87x415
372
= 97 mm
Using 4 legged stirrups spacing Sv = 2x 97=194 mm say
180 mm c/c
X1 =shorter dimension of hoop stirrups
=300-40-8=282mm.
y1=longer dimension of hoop stirrups
=600-32-16=552mm.

Spacing of stirrups provided should not exceed the least


of (i) x1 =282 mm
(ii) (x1 + y1 )
4
(iii) 300 mm.
Provide 8 RTS

= (282 + 552)

=208.50 mm

4 legged stirrups @ 150 mm c/c.