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Marudhar Engineering College, Bikaner Electrical Drives & Control Lab Manual

Experiment 3 Object:- Study and test the firing circuit of 3-phase full controlled bridge converter. Theory:Parallel connection via interphase transformers permits the implementation of rectifiers for high current applications. Series connection for high voltage is also possible, as shown in the fullwave rectifier of Fig. 1. With this arrangement, it can be seen that the three common cathode valves generate a positive voltage with respect to the neutral, and the three common anode valves produce a negative voltage. The result is a dc voltage twice the value of the half-wave rectifier. Each half of the bridge is a 3-pulse converter group. This bridge connection is a two-way connection, and alternating currentsflow in the valve-side transformer windings during both half periods, avoiding dc components into the windings, and saturation in the transformer magnetic core. These characteristics make the so-called Graetz bridge the most widely used linecommutated thyristor rectifier. The configuration does not need any special transformer, and works as a 6-pulserectifier. The series characteristic of this rectifier produces a dc voltage twice the value of the half-wave rectifier. The load average voltage is given by

where Vmax is the peak phase-to-neutral voltage at the secondary transformer terminals, its rms value, and the rms phase-to-phase secondary voltage, at the valve terminals of the rectifier.

1. Three-phase full-wave rectifier or Graetz bridge

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Marudhar Engineering College, Bikaner Electrical Drives & Control Lab Manual

Figure 2 shows the voltages of each half-wave bridge of this topology and , the total instantaneous dc voltagevD, and the anode-to-cathode voltage vAK in one of the bridge thyristors. The maximum value of vAK is 3.Vmax, which is the same as that of the half-wave converter and the interphase transformer rectifier. The double star rectifier presents a maximum anode-tocathode voltage of 2 times Vmax.

2. Voltage waveforms for the Graetz bridge Figure 3 shows the currents of the rectifier, which assumes that LD is large enough to keep the dc current smooth. The example is for the same Y transformer connection shown in the topology of Fig. 12.12. It can be noted that the secondary currents do not carry any dc component, thereby avoiding overdesign of the windings and transformer saturation. These two figures have been drawn for a firing angle of 30. The perfect symmetry of the currents in all winding sand lines is one of the reasons why this rectifier is the most popular of its type. The transformer rating in this case is

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Marudhar Engineering College, Bikaner Electrical Drives & Control Lab Manual

3. Current waveforms for the Graetz bridge

Result:The firing circuit and characteristics waveform of the 3- full controlled bridge converter has been studied successfully.

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