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Recommendations

The recommended treatment for concussions is physical and cognitive rest. Symptoms vary in length and will usually subside after a few days, but further medical attention should be pursued if symptoms persist for longer than 7-10 days after injury. Cognitive symptoms should be compared to a baseline, and preseason baseline testing is encouraged for accurate concussion assessment. Risk of further traumatic brain injury increases if the concussed brain has not fully recovered, so never return to play while symptomatic!

Additional Resources
http://www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBra inInjury/index.html https://www.aan.com/concussion http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseas esconditions/concussion/basics/defin ition/con-20019272

Sports Health Awareness: Concussions

Northeastern University
[Boston], [MA] [02115] AdvancedWriting.com

By: Demetra Venancio, Amanda Andersen, Matthew Simhon and Alana Oster

If you think you have a concussion.


Do not continue to play or practice! Tell your coach immediately if you suspect you or your teammate has a concussion. Continuing to play with a concussion can lead to serious consequences and delay your recovery. Get evaluated by a health care professional! Quick action can help prevent further brain injury and decrease the chances of long-term problems. Avoid sleeping for the first few hours after the injury has occurred; you may not be able to monitor worsening symptoms. If you have been diagnosed with a concussion, do not return to play until all symptoms have cleared up and a licensed health care professional has cleared you for play.

Play Smart

Immediate Signs and Symptoms


The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be subtle and not immediately apparent. Common sideline signs & symptoms of concussions: Headache or feeling of pressure in the head Temporary loss of consciousness Confusion or amnesia surrounding the event Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech and delayed response

Concussions are also known as Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) Men have higher rates of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and death from TBIs than women. In the US, about 3.8 million concussions occur per year during competitive sport and recreational activities. This does not include the many concussions that go undiagnosed. Football, hockey, rugby, soccer, and basketball cause the most concussions compared to other sports. If you have had a concussion, you are 2-5.8 times more likely to sustain another concussion. 50% of Second impact syndrome incidentsbrain injury caused from a premature return to activity after suffering initial injury (concussion)- result in death. Consuming alcohol or using drugs may further damage the brain while it is healing.

Delayed Signs and Symptoms


Symptoms delayed in onset by hours or days after injury: Concentration and memory complaints Irritability or personality changes Sensitivity to light and noise Sleep disturbances