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IB Mathemathics SL Review of Chapter 13: Vectors Problems Based on IB Mathematics SL Section A

Name

------------------Period

1. Given that u = C~)and v =

(-i), find (u - v}u

2.

Given that IOAI = 3, lOBI = 5, and OA~OB = 7, (a) fmd the measure of AOB; (b) Then

--

;._ sketch MOB and find IABI

p. Given that u = (-;)

and v = (;),

find .Ca) w such that u + v +

W =

0; (b) the value of the

constant k such that (u + kv) is parallel to the x-axis. 4. Two vectors oflength 5 and 6 units respectively make an angle of 50 with each other. Find the length of the resultant. '5. Given that a =

(!) and (1 1)

b = (~), find (i) the vector d such that d = a + b ; (ii) a vector c

such that c bisects the acute angle between a and b. 2 6. Given that u = and v = (-;), find the value of k such that (u + kv) is perpendicular to v.

7. Given that u =

(i) and v = C~),and that point A is at (-4,-2) with

AB = u and

CA

v, (a) find the coordinates of points Band C; (b) find the area of triangle ABC.

8. Two vectors are given by p = (~) and q = (k ~ 8) ,k E R Find the value of k for whichp and q are mutually perpendicular. 9. The vectors u and v are given by u
=

Ci) and v

= (~).

(a) Find I u - vi. (b) Find constants x andy such that x u + y v = 10. The positions of points A andB are given by OA

= (~)

and OB

(22).

C;) . (a) Find the

11.

distance between A and B . (b) Find the size of angle AOB to the nearest tenth of a degree. The diagram shows a parallelogram LMNO. The points Nand M y M have coordinates (15,8) and (23,14) respectively. The diagram is

not to scale. Find (a) ON and NM; (b) ILMI and [Ol.] , 0 x 12. The vector v is given by v = 5i + 4j. The line L is perpendicular to v and contains the point with position vector 3; + 2j. Find an equation for L in the form ax + by = c. 13. Vectors u and v are given by u =

cj) and v = C~). (a) Find u + v;

(b) Find a unit vector

perpendicular to (u + v) . 14. Given two vectors a = 2; - j and b = 4; + 2j, find (a) la I x Ihl; (b) (b - a)oa . 15. Given that u = i + 4j and v = 3; - 7j, find the angle between the vectors u and v , giving your answer correct to the nearest tenth of a degree.

16. Triangle OPQ has one vertex at the origin O. Vertices P and Q are.given by the position
-;>

vectors OP =

G) and OQ = C~). Find the size of POQ, giving your answer correct to the

-;>

nearest tenth of a degree. 17. Given the ~ectors u =

and v = (~) , k E R, find a value for which the angle between u

and v is 60, giving your answer correct to two decimal places. 18. The diagram shows the vectors (124)and ;.,.

C;). Find
-;> -;>

~o

the value of a, giving your answer correct to 1 j decimal place. !19. ABeD is a rectangle and 0 is the midpoint of [AD]. Express each of the following in terms of OB and OC:
-;>

a -----~.---

..,. _

-;.

-;.

:f<::(
A

(a) BC (b) OD (c) DC 20. The vectors i ,j are unit vectors along the x-axis andy-axis respectively. The vectors u = - 5i + 3 j and v =4 i + 7 j are given. (a) Find u + 3 v in terms oi i andj . A vector w has the same direction as u +3 v , and has a magnitude of 100. (b) Find w in terms of i and j . 21. The vectors u , v are given by u = - 5i + 3 j and v = 4 i + 7 j . Find scalars a , b such that a(u + v) = 30i + (2 - b)j. 22. Find a vector equation of the line passing through (-2,-10) and (3,-6). Give your answer in the form r= p + td , where tE R 23. Find the projection of v = 2i + 3j in the direction of w = 4i - 2j.
-;>

-;.

24. Find the projection of AB in the direction of CD for A(3,2), B(-7,3), C(9,0), D(-1,-5). 25. Find the magnitude of the projection of v = 6i + 2j in the direction of w = 3i + j. ~.t:I t ~ 26. Copy the diagram onto graphing paper, and mark on C, : the copy the following po~s: -;> "

i..

i
I

(a) the point D such that AD = 3 AC ;


-;> -;> -;> ,

,j
A !
-;>

Bl
-;.

.(b) the point P such thatAP = AB - 2 AC ;

27.

:~:(~~r::m :::,~{~rE:j
-;>

-;>

(c) the point Q such that AQ is the projection of the

vector AC in the direction of AB.

of intersection of the lines with vector equations

28. Find the scalar projection of the vector v = 4i - 3j in the direction of the vector w = 7i + 24j . 29. The vector equations for the two lines LI and L2 are r = 3i + 2j + s(2i - 6j)and r = i + 3j + t (2 i - 2j). Find the cosine of the angle between the lines L I and L2. 30. A particle moves along a line with constant velocity. The particle's initial position is A(-7, 1,3). After two seconds, the particle is at B(5, -3, -1). (a) Find (i) velocity vector AB; (ii) the speed of the particle. (b) Write down the equation of (AB).

Answers to ill Mathemathics SL Review of Chapter 13: Vectors Problems Based on ill Mathematics SL Section A
1. 58 2. (a) ACE ~ 62.2' (b) I ABI
=

17. -0.43 or -8.30 18. 105.8 19. (a) OC - OB

2v'S ~ 4.47
"

(c) "20C + "20B

- (b)

1OC
2

- - lOB 2

o ~B
'1 S-.(a)

S (b)

(7);

k=-"2

20. (a) 7i + 24j (b) 21. a = -30; b = 302 22. r


=

28i + 96j

]4. 9.98 (3 s.f.) 5. (i)

C;o) + t(~) or r =
19 .

(!)

(H)

o.

(IT

any vector of form

(t

6) +

t(~)

23 .

2,

I. 51-5J - 38.

a)

24 .

51-5J

41 .6. - 74 7. (a) B(S,-l); QO,3); (b) ~1

16 2S. --or 26. ~ ! 1

VlO
"~
I\. ~.

_8VlO --

K' -.. -11

'l~

++..._.
i

8. 6 9. (a) 10 (b) x = 3; y = 1 10. (a)

+-1 ';

1L (a) ON =
(b)
12. 5x

SV2

(b) 72.3

ei) ; NM
lOLl

++= (~)
. l;

-+

~"

~
-j--

+
-+
;f'"

.
,~ ~ .

1+ -t-

ILMI
+ 4y

= 17;

= 10 27 (:)

= 23

14. (a) 10 IS. 142.8 16, 100.6

(b) 1