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# IB Mathemathics SL Review of Chapter 13: Vectors Problems Based on IB Mathematics SL Section A

Name

------------------Period

## (-i), find (u - v}u

2.

Given that IOAI = 3, lOBI = 5, and OA~OB = 7, (a) fmd the measure of AOB; (b) Then

--

and v = (;),

W =

## 0; (b) the value of the

constant k such that (u + kv) is parallel to the x-axis. 4. Two vectors oflength 5 and 6 units respectively make an angle of 50 with each other. Find the length of the resultant. '5. Given that a =

(!) and (1 1)

## b = (~), find (i) the vector d such that d = a + b ; (ii) a vector c

such that c bisects the acute angle between a and b. 2 6. Given that u = and v = (-;), find the value of k such that (u + kv) is perpendicular to v.

7. Given that u =

## (i) and v = C~),and that point A is at (-4,-2) with

AB = u and

CA

v, (a) find the coordinates of points Band C; (b) find the area of triangle ABC.

8. Two vectors are given by p = (~) and q = (k ~ 8) ,k E R Find the value of k for whichp and q are mutually perpendicular. 9. The vectors u and v are given by u
=

Ci) and v

= (~).

(a) Find I u - vi. (b) Find constants x andy such that x u + y v = 10. The positions of points A andB are given by OA

= (~)

and OB

(22).

## C;) . (a) Find the

11.

distance between A and B . (b) Find the size of angle AOB to the nearest tenth of a degree. The diagram shows a parallelogram LMNO. The points Nand M y M have coordinates (15,8) and (23,14) respectively. The diagram is

not to scale. Find (a) ON and NM; (b) ILMI and [Ol.] , 0 x 12. The vector v is given by v = 5i + 4j. The line L is perpendicular to v and contains the point with position vector 3; + 2j. Find an equation for L in the form ax + by = c. 13. Vectors u and v are given by u =

## (b) Find a unit vector

perpendicular to (u + v) . 14. Given two vectors a = 2; - j and b = 4; + 2j, find (a) la I x Ihl; (b) (b - a)oa . 15. Given that u = i + 4j and v = 3; - 7j, find the angle between the vectors u and v , giving your answer correct to the nearest tenth of a degree.

16. Triangle OPQ has one vertex at the origin O. Vertices P and Q are.given by the position
-;>

vectors OP =

G) and OQ = C~). Find the size of POQ, giving your answer correct to the

-;>

## and v = (~) , k E R, find a value for which the angle between u

and v is 60, giving your answer correct to two decimal places. 18. The diagram shows the vectors (124)and ;.,.

C;). Find
-;> -;>

~o

the value of a, giving your answer correct to 1 j decimal place. !19. ABeD is a rectangle and 0 is the midpoint of [AD]. Express each of the following in terms of OB and OC:
-;>

a -----~.---

..,. _

-;.

-;.

:f<::(
A

(a) BC (b) OD (c) DC 20. The vectors i ,j are unit vectors along the x-axis andy-axis respectively. The vectors u = - 5i + 3 j and v =4 i + 7 j are given. (a) Find u + 3 v in terms oi i andj . A vector w has the same direction as u +3 v , and has a magnitude of 100. (b) Find w in terms of i and j . 21. The vectors u , v are given by u = - 5i + 3 j and v = 4 i + 7 j . Find scalars a , b such that a(u + v) = 30i + (2 - b)j. 22. Find a vector equation of the line passing through (-2,-10) and (3,-6). Give your answer in the form r= p + td , where tE R 23. Find the projection of v = 2i + 3j in the direction of w = 4i - 2j.
-;>

-;.

24. Find the projection of AB in the direction of CD for A(3,2), B(-7,3), C(9,0), D(-1,-5). 25. Find the magnitude of the projection of v = 6i + 2j in the direction of w = 3i + j. ~.t:I t ~ 26. Copy the diagram onto graphing paper, and mark on C, : the copy the following po~s: -;> "

i..

i
I

-;> -;> -;> ,

,j
A !
-;>

Bl
-;.

## .(b) the point P such thatAP = AB - 2 AC ;

27.

:~:(~~r::m :::,~{~rE:j
-;>

-;>

## of intersection of the lines with vector equations

28. Find the scalar projection of the vector v = 4i - 3j in the direction of the vector w = 7i + 24j . 29. The vector equations for the two lines LI and L2 are r = 3i + 2j + s(2i - 6j)and r = i + 3j + t (2 i - 2j). Find the cosine of the angle between the lines L I and L2. 30. A particle moves along a line with constant velocity. The particle's initial position is A(-7, 1,3). After two seconds, the particle is at B(5, -3, -1). (a) Find (i) velocity vector AB; (ii) the speed of the particle. (b) Write down the equation of (AB).

Answers to ill Mathemathics SL Review of Chapter 13: Vectors Problems Based on ill Mathematics SL Section A
1. 58 2. (a) ACE ~ 62.2' (b) I ABI
=

2v'S ~ 4.47
"

- (b)

1OC
2

- - lOB 2

o ~B
'1 S-.(a)

S (b)

(7);

k=-"2

=

28i + 96j

## ]4. 9.98 (3 s.f.) 5. (i)

C;o) + t(~) or r =
19 .

(!)

(H)

o.

(IT

(t

6) +

t(~)

23 .

2,

I. 51-5J - 38.

a)

24 .

51-5J

VlO
"~
I\. ~.

_8VlO --

'l~

++..._.
i

+-1 ';

1L (a) ON =
(b)
12. 5x

SV2

(b) 72.3

ei) ; NM
lOLl

++= (~)
. l;

-+

~"

~
-j--

+
-+
;f'"

.
,~ ~ .

1+ -t-

ILMI
+ 4y

= 17;

= 10 27 (:)

= 23

(b) 1