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Wireless Transmission

November 2004 Ronald Peters

NOKIA

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Nokia in MicroWave Radios


Business operations started in 1960s Strong Global Position achieved via GSM challenger market growth in 1990s Nokia is
No. 2 in cellular transmission Among 3 top players in global PDH-radio market

R&D and manufacturing site in Karaportti Espoo

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Key trends in mobile network transmission


Mbit/s

Capacity need per basestation is increasing


but timing is difficult to predict Networks should have inbuilt flexibility to meet "unknown! capacity needs

10 8 6 4 2 0

Networks will become more dense


How to avoid frequency congestion? higher frequencies new frequency bands various modulation methods

Single band GSM

Dual band GSM

EDGE

WCDMA

TDM, ATM and IP traffic will share the same links


How to multiplex TDM, ATM and IP into the same link? First ATM/IP over TDM, later IP only?

IP transport

IP utilizes ATM

IP utilizes PDH/SDH

IP over Ethernet

ATM transport

ATM utilizes PDH/SDH

PDH/SDH
Fiber, microwave radios, copper, leased lines...

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Nokia Microwave Radio Solution


Outdoor Solution
Nokia MetroHopper
High-density radio (58 GHz)

Operation Centre
Nokia NetAct or NMS/10

Nokia FlexiHopper
PDH microwave radio (7,8,13,15,18,23,26,38 PDH microwave radio GHz)

Nokia FlexiHopper Plus

Network Management System

Indoor Solution

with selectable 4/16-level modulation (7,8,13,15,18,23,26,28,32,38 GHz)

SDH Radio
(7,8,13,15,18, 23, 26,38 GHz)

Radio Indoor Units


Nokia MetroHub
Outdoor cross-connect cabinet and power supply for Nokia Hopper Radios
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Stand-alone and integrated units with revolutionary Flexbus concept

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Nokia FlexiHopper
One platform - all frequencies
7, 8, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26 and 38 GHz All as 1+0, 1+1 HSB, space/freq diversity protection

One unit - all capacities


2x2 - 16x2 Mbit/s radio transmission Can be selected using the Hopper Manager

Flexbus - single cable interconnections


One cable between IU and OU and between IUs Fast and reliable

Introduces several innovative features


Automatic fading margin measurement Software download via Hopper Manager Transmission and cross-connect integrated

Proven and reliable platform


Over 100"000 FlexiHopper delivered High reliability (MTBF for outdoor unit 35 years) Modular, small and light structure - easy to install
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Nokia FlexiHopper Plus


An enhancement to FlexiHopper platform
7, 8, 13, 15, 15/490, 18, 23, 26 and 38 GHz new 28 and 32 GHz available now: 15, 23, 28, 32 and 38 GHZ See roadmap for availabilities

See the roadmap for availability

32 TCM modulation enables doubling the spectrum efficiency


narrow spectrum - 16x2Mbit/s capacity into 14 MHz frequency channel # currently 28MHz capacities 8 x2Mbit/s and 16x2Mbit/s supported

Support of all existing features


All FlexiHopper features Same antennas, alignment units, mechanics and indoor units can be used

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Nokia FlexiHopper Plus


Main benefits
Possibility to double the current transmission capacity within the existing frequency channel Savings in operational costs because of lower frequency bandwidth licence fees Better availability of free channels, 14 MHz vs 28 MHz Selectable modulation and capacity enable optimal and flexible usage of frequency bands Built on reliable and proven FlexiHopper platform with backward compatibility
channel (MHz) 3,5 7 14 28

See the roadmap for availability

current modulation 2x2M 4x2M 8x2M 16 x 2 M

32 TCM

8x2M 16 x 2 M

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FlexiHopper (Plus) mechanical construction


Alignment unit
Loose parts avoided Right/left offset

Low profile or compact square antennas


Snap on mountable and separate One antenna HSB

Radio unit
'Snap on' installation 4.0 - 5.5 kg / 21 x 23 x 12-22 cm Easy change of polarisation
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Nokia MetroHopper
Self regulating 58GHz frequency band
Does not require frequency coordination frequency etiquette Efficient frequency re-use in dense networks Congestion in many PTP frequency bands MetroHopper the only MW radio for 58GHz

Modern cost efficient product


One product - one configuration - fits all sites Fast installation, with optical Alignment Tool Blends well to the metropolitan environment

Innovative technical features


TDD eliminates need for sub-band filters 100 / 50MHz channel spacing - 10 / 20 RF channels Capacity 4x2 Mbit/s Channel Selection Procedure and Commissioning wizard support fast commissioning

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MetroHopper mechanical construction


Only one equipment variant that includes:
Integrated Flat panel square antenna Alignment unit and mounting bracket
One man can carry and instal Weight 3kg
Dimension 255 x 196 x 114 mm3

Outdoor unit radio section

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Nokia Hopper MWR indoor units


Base Station Integrated
Plug-in units that fit directly on to the BTS E1 interfacing via BTS backplane Supports two radio outdoor units

Stand-alone

19$ or ETSI rack mountable FIU 19 and FIU 19E E1 and Ethernet traffic interfaces Basic unit supports two radio outdoor units

The same unit supports:


FlexiHopper FlexiHopper Plus MetroHopper

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FIU 19E Indoor unit


Basic FIU 19E indoor unit with 4x2Mbps add/dropp interface plug-in unit and Ethernet plug-in unit.
four E1 interfaces two 10/100BaseT Ethernet traffic interfaces One 10BaseT SNMP management interface two Q1 management interfaces

measurement point Power connector local management port two Flexbus interfaces

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Flexbus & 2Mbit/s cross-connection FIU19(E)


One of the 2M cross connection field edges provides up to 16x2 Mbit/s parallel Interfaces Three of the 2Mbit/s cross connection field edges are multiplexed to a serial signal

2M Cross Connection

16x2Mbit/s data in serial format - to outdoor unit or to another indoor unit


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Expansion from 4E1 to 16E1 : traditional radio


IDU to be changed/ expanded nx2Mbit/s Lot of new cables nx2Mbit/s ODU may need to be changed

-Site visit is a must, expansion not possible remotely from NMS. - Downtime for expansion can be significant

nx2Mbit/s

Cross connect DDF

DDF to be changed/expanded

BTS
nx2Mbit/s

- More site space may be required # needs prior technical site surveys - Site as-built drawings must be revised Cost of expansion Equipment = 50% to 100% of a new hop equipment Work = 50% to 100% of new hop installation Extra site space = ?

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Upgrade from 4E1 to 16E1 with Nokia FlexiHopper


No change to ODU No change in IDU No change in DDF & cabling Minimal downtime No site visit reconfiguration done remotely ODU capacity & XC reconfigured from NMS

nx2Mbit/s

Cost of expansion Equipment = 0 Work on site = 0 Extra site space = 0

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Configure it right
Transmission capacity on all hops 16x2 Mbit/s Add/drop capacity on all sites except one 4x2 Mbit/s

16x2 16x2 16x2 Add/drop 16x2 Add/drop 4x2 16x2

Add/drop 4x2

Add/drop 4x2
item q-ty FIU 19, 16x2: 6 OU 18GHz 6 antenna 60cm+ alignment unit 6 FIU 19, 16x2: OU 18GHz antenna 60cm+ alignment unit FIU 19, 4x2: 1 6 6 3

Price difference: 18%


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Chaining station

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Branching station
One Indoor Unit for three Outdoor Units Transmission and 2Mbit/s cross- connect Integrated

nx2Mbit/s

Use of separate 2M cables minimised


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HSB protection
FIU19 provides protection in many options OU protection alone IU & OU protection 1-antenna HSB Good standard
From 8x2 capacity OU protected From 16x2 both OU and IU protected

Protecting FlexiHopper OU
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Protecting FlexiHopper OU and FIU19

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LAN over Nokia Hoppers


Easy and fast Ethernet and TDM connections
WLAN access point connections Broadband access networks Private networks

Flexible capacity control


Software controllable transmission capacity 4 32 Mbit/s Capacity sharing of Ethernet traffic and E1"s with 2 Mbit/s granularity

LAN solution compatible with


Nokia FlexiHopper Nokia MetroHopper Indoor Unit FIU 19 E - up to 32 Mbit/s - up to 8 Mbit/s - up to 70 km - up to 900 m

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Key features of the LAN solution


Two 10/100baseT Ethernet interfaces in a single plug-in unit Ethernet traffic transmission over Nokia FlexiHopper and Nokia MetroHopper Transparent Ethernet frames bridging over radio hop Packet filtering based on MAC address learning Ethernet flow-control support Link Loss Forwarding (LLF) support Three operation modes:
Channel separation Capacity sharing Full Switch mode

Microwave radio network configurations


Single hop mode 2 OU protection mode

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LAN solution operating modes


FIU 19E EPIU

Channel Separation mode


FB1 FB2

Eth-1 Eth-2

Two separated channels over two radio hops Capacity up to 32Mbit/s per Flexbus

FIU 19E EPIU

Capacity Sharing mode


FB1 FB2

Eth-1 Eth-2

Two separated channels over one radio hop Up to 32Mbi/s capacity shared with granularity of 1/256.

FIU 19E EPIU

Full Switch mode


FB1 FB2

Eth-1 Eth-2

Four port Ethernet switch Capacity up to 32Mbit/s between ports

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Capacity sharing between Ethernet and E1"s


Supported in Channel Separation, Capacity Sharing and Full Switch modes
FIU 19E
4x2M E1"s

One or two radios can be configured for Ethernet traffic Dedicated radio capacity for Ethernet data channels and for E1 traffic Flexible sharing of radio path capacity

X
EPIU FB1 FB2

Eth-1 Eth-2

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Terminal configurations
Ethernet plug-in unit supports the following terminal configurations Single use configuration 1 IU + 1 OU Protected configurations 1 IU + 2 OU Ethernet plug-in unit is always installed to slot_2 in FIU 19E The unused slots can be equipped with 4x2M, Aux plug-in unit and Flexbus plug-in unit Ethernet plug-in unit can be used in 16 x 2M add-drop configurations with EXU unit

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Nokia Q1 for FlexiHopper and MetroHopper


NMS/10 Management station For FIU 19 and FIU 19E indoor units NMS/10 C6.1 with Q1 Agent C2.0 DCN Adapter C3.0 LAN connection between NMS/10 and DCNA DCNA Q1 polls the radios
LAN connection
Q1 within radio frame Q1 within radio frame

DCNA C3.0

Q1 Bus

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SNMP for FlexiHopper and MetroHopper


Available only with FIU 19E indoor unit SNMP interface for Fault and Performance management for 3rd party NMS systems Optimized solution for commercial NMS platforms, e.g HP OpenView Reduce network management and DCN management costs Easy and flexible DCN handling with IP
To p ol og y F i l e Edit L o cat e Vi e w H elp

NMS
Ne tw o rk

IP Routing

IP Routing

Moun t

T raf fi c

H el p

431 1950 /

7437 79%

LAN connection
Router

IP based DCN LAN/10BaseT


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External device,

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Nokia Wireless Transmission Roadmap

2004
FlexiHopper Plus 15, 23, 28, 32, 38 GHz Dual polarization Indoor Units: T4E based EOW

2005
FlexiHopper Plus 7, 8, 13, 15/490, 15/315, 18, 23/1200, 26 GHz ROHS compliant Feature licensing Hopper Doctor MetroHopper 58 GHz >1 km hop length RoHS compliant Indoor Units: FIU 19E RoHS compliant IP EOW (service telephone) OSPF routing for IP DCN SNMP config. management

20062007
FlexiHopper XC Capacity range extended Indoor Units: Extended capacity indoor unit

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Summary
Nokia FlexiHopper (Plus)
All frequencies 7, 8, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 28, 32, 38 GHz Flexible capacity 2E1/4E1/8E1/16E1 Flexible Ethernet nx2 Mbit/s + nxE1 Flexible modulation 4-state or 16-state Remotely managed cross-connection SNMP or Nokia Q1

All required features


HSB, Space diversity, Frequency Diversity Service Telephone (EOW) Automatic fading margin measurement FEC and interleaving ALCQ # auto level control with quality measures

High reliability
MTBF 35 years for outdoor unit, 110 years for indoor unit

Nokia MetroHopper
Simple, easy to install, 4x2 Mbit/s For short hops, 700 m in Europe

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