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Question 1

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Where are the cell bodies of the motor neurons that control your fingers' movements located? in the ventral horn of the cervical (neck region) of the spinal cord in the gray matter area of the ventral horn in the white matter of the ventral horn All of the above are correct statements Both a and b are correct statements Matching stimuli Question 2

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Match up the following sensory cell types (on the left) with the appropriate stimulus (on the right). __1__ Pacinian corpuscle 1. Vibration __2__ Merkel disc 2. pressure __2__ (3) Krause's bulb light __2__ Ruffini's organ 3. touch __1__ Meissner's corpuscle Put steps in order. 2 / 2 points Question 3 The following statements are steps in phototransduction and the detection of light stimulus. Place the steps in the correct order (1 to 4). __3__ __4__ __1__ __2__ Question 4 Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding two point discrimination? Merkel discs and Meissner corpuscles can be involved in two point discrimination. Receptors involved in two point discrimination have highly localized receptor cGMP is cleaved and sodium channels close membrane hyperpolarization light (photon is absorbed) and photopigments in cone outer segment are activated coupling with a G-protein (transducin) which in turn couples to a phosphodiesterase 1/1 point

fields. Receptors involved in two point discrimination can resolve fine spatial differences. Higher density of touch spots gives rise to larger errors in localization. Error of localization can improve with learning. Error in localization is related to the density of touch spots. Question 5 Match up the following sensory terms with the number of the appropriate definition. the minimum distance between two points for them to be perceived as separate 2. decrease in response to a maintained stimulus rapid adaptation to a stimulus i.e. diminishes its 3. responses to a maintained stimulus slow adaptation i.e. continues to respond in the 4. presence of a maintained stimulus 5. ability to perceive two fine points as being distinct 1. 2 / 2 points 5/5 points

__3__ phasic receptor __2__ sensory adaptation __5__ two point discrimination two point discrimination __1__ threshold __4__ tonic receptor MAT with diagrams Question 6

Match up the following terms listed on the right (and indicated by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) to the appropriate label (A, B, C, D, E) on diagram provided. __4__ __3__ __1__ __2__ __5__ 1. receptor field D 2. axon terminals B 3. axon E sensory A 4. receptors C 5. cell body Question 7

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The strength of a stimulus is coded by a) the size of the receptor potential b) the size of the action potentials c) the frequency of action potentials

d) a and c

e) all of the above Question 8

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The mechanism by which a receptor converts a stimulus into an electrical signal is called a) propagation b) convection c) conduction d) modulation e) transductio n Question 9 1 / 1 point

Touch perception requires that sensory neurons from the skin transmit information to A) the basal nuclei B) the somatosensory cortex

C) the hypothalamus D) the limbic system E) the hippocampus Question 10 1 / 1 point

At rest, the brain accounts for how much oxygen consumption within the body? a) 2% b) 5% 20 % 40 d) % 50 e) % c) Question 11 1 / 1 point All spinal nerves contain a) afferent fibres

b) efferent fibres c) both afferent and efferent fibres d) neither afferent nor efferent fibres Question 12

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A single ganglion cell will either be excited or inhibited by light applied to its visual field. True False Question 13 0.25 / 0.25 points Odorant molecules must be dissolved in mucus if they are to bind to olfactory receptors. True False Question 14 0.25 / 0.25 points A given taste receptor cell responds to only one of the four primary tastes. True False Question 15 0.25 / 0.25 points Myelinated axons are found in ________ matter. a) grey b) whit e Question 16 1 / 1 point

Should the results for the lab exercise on tactile localization and two-point descrimination support any of the following statements? a) Error in localization is related to density of touch spots. b) Lower density of touch spots gave rise to larger errors. c) Error localization improved with learning. d) Error in localization is NOT related to density of touch spots.

e) Error localization DOES NOT improved with learning. f) Higher density of touch spots gave rise to larger errors. g) Statements a), b) and c) are correct. h) Statements d), e) and f) are correct.