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Nama Kelas NRP

: Gagas Jagat Soekarto : K3_3A : 6512040022

Nowdays, corruption become main problem in all part of country. Corruption is the abuse of public resources to enrich or give unfair advantage to individuals, their family or their friends. Corruption Watch is concerned with any such abuse of power or position by anyone at any level of government or in business. There are many causes of corruption :

1. Inconsistent law enforcement law enforcement just as the political makeup, is every change of government. 2. Corruptions Culture Abuse of authority, afraid to be foolish not to use the opportunity. Anticorruption people environmental scarcity, systems and anti-corruption guidelines system only done as formality, Culture gives tribute, reward and gift services. temporary, constantly changing

3. Poverty and wealthy Poverty, greed, people are less able to engage in corruption because of economic difficulties. While they are well off corruption as greedy, never satisfied and justifies any means to gain an advantage.

4. Inequal consequences Consequences if caught is lower than the profits of corruption, more over when caught, bribing can be happen, so the corruptor can thus freed.

5. Failure of religion education and ethic Corruptor may not have a good religion education or they have, but dont apply it correctly. religion education become only education, there is no appication inside it. In most of it cause a bad ethic and create immoral individual.

6. Salaries of states employees were very small one cause of corruption is the salary of the state employees is very small. It make a big chance for state employees doing corruption.

7. Development construction Projects involving large amounts of public money Many development construction project involving large amount of public money.

Beside the cause, corruption has many effect, especially negative effect :

1. Impact on investment Corruptions adverse impact on private investment, both domestic and foreign, is considered to be particularly harmful for a developing economy. Bribes may have to be given before any investment takes place and upon entering into negotiations for the establishment of an enterprise. More payments usually follow in the process of setting up the business. Procurement of leases for land and buildings; permission to engage in activities such as production, transport, storage, marketing, distribution.

2. Effect on the government budget Corruption can have undesirable consequences on both the revenue and expenditure sides of the government budget. The consequences on the revenue sideare more familiar. Paying bribes to reduce taxes, fees, dues, custom duties and publicutility charges such as for water and electricity, are common in many countries. Bribes are also used to make illegal water, electricity, gas and telephone connections to have access to these facilities without paying for the services obtained. All these

result in serious losses of revenue for the government. Fraud, embezzlement and misappropriation of public funds add to the losses.

3. Reducing General Prosperous of society Political corruption in many countries, and provide a major threat to its citizens. Political corruption means that government policies often lucrative bribe giver, rather than the people at large. One more example is how politicians make laws that protect big companies, but disadvantage smaller companies (SME). Politicians "pro-business" only restore aid to large companies that contribute greatly to their election campaigns.

4. Disserve The poor people For the Poor Corruption, of course, extremely have a bad impact, especially for the poor living in villages and towns. Beginning, corruption led National Development Budget and Spending less in number. To replenish the development budget, the central government raised income countries, one example of the increasing fuel prices. The government do not consider the result of the increasing fuel price ; prices increase of basic needs such as rice; increasingly expensive cost of education, and increase of unemployment.

Corruption is an intractable problem. It is like diabetes, can only be controlled, but not totally eliminated. It may not be possible to root out corruption completely at all levels but it is possible to contain it within tolerable limits. Honest and dedicated persons in public life, control over electoral expenses could be the most important prescriptions to combat corruption.