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Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 1

This print-out should have 9 questions.


Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page nd all choices
before answering. The due time is Central
time.
Conducting Ring
31:01, trigonometry, multiple choice, <1 min,
xed.
001
A constant current is owing through a
solenoid, creating a magnetic eld.
V
I
B
conducting
ring
The force which the magnetic eld exerts
on a conducting ring positioned as shown is
1. There is no force, only a torque.
2. upward.
3. downward.
4. There is neither a force nor a torque.
correct
Explanation:
The magnetic eld within the conducting
ring is constant since the current owing
through the solenoid is constant in time. In
other words, there is no induced current in
the conducting ring. Therefore, no force nor
torque is exerted on the conducting ring.
keywords:
Applied Force on a Bar 03
31:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,
wording-variable.
002
In the arrangement shown in the gure, the
resistor is 5 and a 4 T magnetic eld is
directed out of the paper. The separation
between the rails is 3 m. Neglect the mass of
the bar.
An applied force moves the bar to the left
at a constant speed of 2 m/s . Assume the
bar and rails have negligible resistance and
friction.
m

1
g
2 m/s
5

4 T
4 T
I
3
m
Calculate the applied force required to
move the bar to the left at a constant speed
of 2 m/s .
Correct answer: 57.6 N.
Explanation:
Let : R = 5 ,
B = 4 T,
= 3 m, and
v = 2 m/s .
Motional emf: E = B v .
Magnetic force on current:

F = I

B.
Ohms Law: I =
V
R
.
The motional emf induced in the circuit is
E = B v
= (4 T) (3 m) (2 m/s)
= 24 V.
From Ohms law, the current owing through
the resistor is
I =
E
R
=
24 V
5
= 4.8 A.
Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 2
Thus, the magnitude of the force exerted on
the bar due to the magnetic eld is
F
B
= I B
= (4.8 A)(3 m)(4 T)
= 57.6 N.
To maintain the motion of the bar, a force
must be applied on the bar to balance the
magnetic force
F = F
B
= 57.6 N .
keywords:
Square Copper Plate 02
31:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,
wording-variable.
003
A square piece of copper is rotated about
its center in a magnetic eld B (into the page
, out of the page ). Shown below are dif-
ferent charge congurations associated with
this procedure.
Select the gure with an acceptable charge
distribution.
1.
B
B
B
B
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+


correct
2.
B
B
B
B

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

3.
B
B
B
B
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+


4.
B
B
B
B
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+


5.
B
B
B
B
+
+
+
++
+
+
+
+ +


6.
B
B
B
B
+
+
+
++
+
+
+
+ +


Explanation:
Using the right-hand-rule, the only accept-
able charge distribution is
B
B
B
B
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+


Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 3
keywords:
AP B 1998 MC 48
31:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, <1 min,
wording-variable.
004
A single circular loop of wire in the plane
of the page is perpendicular to a uniform
magnetic eld

B directed out of the page,
as shown.
B
B
If the magnitude of the magnetic eld is
decreasing, then the induced current in the
wire loop is
1. counterclockwise around the loop. cor-
rect
2. clockwise around the loop.
3. directed upward out of the paper.
4. directed downward into the paper.
5. zero. (No current is induced.)
Explanation:
Using Lenzs law, the induced current must
be directed to counter the change of the mag-
netic ux through the loop; i.e., the mag-
netic eld generated by the induced current is
pointing upward out of the page. Thus, using
right hand rule, the induced current must be
counterclockwise along the loop.
keywords:
Circle Into a Square
31:03, trigonometry, numeric, > 1 min, nor-
mal.
005
A horizontal circular wire loop of radius 0.5 m
lies in a plane perpendicular to a uniform
magnetic eld pointing from above into the
plane of the loop, has a magnitude of 0.4 T.
If in 0.1 s the wire is reshaped from a circle
into a square, but remains in the same plane,
what is the magnitude of the average induced
emf in the wire during this time?
Correct answer: 0.674191 V.
Explanation:
Let : r = 0.5 m,
b = 0.4 T, and
t = 0.1 s .
The average induced emf E is given by
E = N
_

t
_
=

t
since N = 1, and
= B(A
circle
A
square
)
= B( r
2
A
square
) .
Also, the circumference of the circle is 2 r,
so each side of the square has a length
L =
2 r
4
=
r
2
,
so
A
square
= L
2
=
_
r
2
_
2
.
Thus
= B
_
r
2

_
r
2
_
2
_
= 0.4 T
_
(0.5 m)
2

_
(0.5 m)
2
2
__
= 0.0674191 T m
2
.
and the average induced emf is
E =
0.0674191 T m
2
0.1 s
= 0.674191 V .
006
Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 4
The current in the loop during the deforma-
tion
1. ows clockwise when viewed from above.
correct
2. ows counter-clockwise when viewed from
above.
3. ows in a direction that cannot be deter-
mined from given information.
4. does not arise.
Explanation:
The deformation causes the ux through
the loop to decrease since the area of the loop
is reduced. By Lenzs law, the induced emf
will cause the current to ow in the loop so
as to induce a magnetic eld that attempts
to resist the change of magnetic ux through
the loop. A clockwise ow of current, when
viewed from above tends to increase the ex-
isting downward magnetic eld through the
loop, thereby resisting the decrease of mag-
netic ux through the loop.
keywords:
Induced Current Directions 06
31:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,
wording-variable.
007
Assume: These are ideal coils.
Given: Two coils are suspended around a
common central axis as shown in the gure
below. One of the coils is connected to a
resistor R with ends labeled a and b. The
other coil is connected to a battery E through
a switch S.
Use Lenzs lawto answer the following ques-
tion concerning the direction of induced cur-
rents.
R
a
b
S E
+

The direction of the magnetic eld in the


coils after the switch is closed for a long period
of time is
A1: right to left (= B).
A2: left to right (B =).
After switch S has been open for a long
period of time, the switch is closed.
The direction of the internal induced mag-
netic eld by the larger diameter (secondary)
coil just after the switch is closed is
B1: left to right (B
induced
=).
B2: right to left (= B
induced
).
The direction of the current induced in the
resistor R just after the switch is closed is
C1: from a through R to b (I ).
C2: from b through R to a (I).
Choose the appropriate answer.
1. A1, B1, C1 correct
2. A1, B1, C2
3. A1, B2, C1
4. A1, B2, C2
5. A2, B1, C1
6. A2, B1, C2
7. A2, B2, C1
8. A2, B2, C2
Explanation:
The smaller helical coil produces a counter-
clockwise current (looking from left-hand end
of the coil).
Using the right-hand rule, when the switch
is closed, the magnetic eld is directed from
Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 5
right to left (= B).
The induced magnetic eld depends on
whether the ux is increasing or decreasing,
since by Lenzs law the induced current will
produce ux to oppose a change in ux.
When the switch is open, there is no mag-
netic eld.
At the moment the switch is closed, the
magnetic ux through the coils increases.
The induced eld through the coil in the
circuit with a resistor must produce a mag-
netic eld from left to right (B
induced
=) to
resist any change of ux in the coil (Lenzs
law).
The larger helical coil is wound counter-
clockwise (looking from left-hand end of the
coil) from terminal a to terminal b.
Using the right-hand rule, when the
induced magnetic eld is left to right
(B
induced
=), the induced current through
the resistor R ows from a through R to
b (I ).
Note: There are eight dierent presenta-
tions of this problem and this is the rst.
keywords:
Induced Current Directions 07
31:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,
wording-variable.
008
Given: Two coils are suspended around
a central axis as shown in the gure below.
One coil is connected to a resistor with ends
labeled a and b. The other coil is con-
nected to a battery E. The coils are moving
relative to each other as indicated by the ve-
locity vectors v.
Use Lenzs lawto answer the following ques-
tion concerning the direction of induced cur-
rents and magnetic elds.
+
E
R
a
b
v
v
The direction of the magnetic eld in the
coil with the battery attached is
A1: from right to left (= B
primary
).
A2: from left to right (B
primary
=).
The direction of the induced magnetic eld
in the coil with the resistor attached is
B1: from right to left (= B
induced
).
B2: from left to right (B
induced
=).
The direction of the induced current in re-
sistor R is
C1: from b through R to a (I).
C2: from a through R to b (I ).
Choose the appropriate answer.
1. A1, B1, C1 correct
2. A1, B1, C2
3. A1, B2, C1
4. A1, B2, C2
5. A2, B1, C1
6. A2, B1, C2
7. A2, B2, C1
8. A2, B2, C2
Explanation:
Question A1 & A2: The helical coil with
the battery attached (when viewed from ei-
ther end) is wound clockwise (as you go into
the coil).
Using the right-hand rule, the magnetic ux
through the coil with the battery attached has
a magnetic eld direction right to left.
Question B1 & B2:
Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 6
Note: The induced magnetic eld depends
on whether the ux is increasing or decreas-
ing.
+
E
R
a
b
B
primary
B
induced
The magnetic ux through the coil is from
right to left. When the coils are moving
towards from each other, the magnetic ux
through the coil with the attached resistor
decreases.
The induced current in the coil must pro-
duce an induced magnetic eld from right
to left (= B
induced
) to resist any change of
magnetic ux in the coil (Lenzs Law).
Question C1 & C2: The helical coil with
the resistor attached (when viewed from ei-
ther end) is wound counter-clockwise (as you
go into the coil).
Since the induced eld is right to left
(= B
induced
) the induced current in the coil
ows clockwise when viewing the coil from the
right-hand side.
Therefore the current ows from b
through R to a ( I).
Note: There are eight dierent presenta-
tions of this problem and this is the rst.
keywords:
Rectangular Loop 02
31:04, highSchool, multiple choice, > 1 min,
wording-variable.
009
A rectangular loop of wire is pulled through
a magnetic eld B (into the page). Shown
below are four dierent stages of development
of this procedure, labeled A, B, C, and D.
The rectangular loop has a constant speed
as it is pulled through the loop.
B
B
B
B
F
A
v
B
B
B
B
F
B
v
B
B
B
B
F
C
v
B
B
B
B
F
D
v
Figure: The force vector is not
to scale. The velocity vector is
to scale; (i.e., constant speed).
Select the correct rank ordering of the mag-
nitudes of the force pulling the rectangular
loop (at constant speed) in the four stages
shown above.
1. F
B
= F
D
> F
A
= F
C
correct
2. F
A
= F
D
> F
B
= F
C
3. F
A
= F
C
> F
B
= F
D
Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 7
4. F
B
= F
C
> F
A
= F
D
5. F
B
> F
D
= F
A
> F
C
6. F
A
> F
D
= F
B
> F
C
7. F
A
> F
C
= F
B
> F
D
8. F
B
> F
C
= F
A
> F
D
9. F
A
> F
C
> F
B
> F
D
10. F
B
> F
C
> F
A
> F
D
Explanation:
F
A
is zero because there is no eld. F
C
is
zero because there is no change in ux within
the loop; i.e., no current in the loop. F
B
and
F
D
both have a changing ux in the loop,
producing a current ow in the loop. The
right-hand-rule produces a force which will
tend to hold the loop stationary, (F
B
= F
D
) .
keywords: