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Montessori Method of Education

Montessori Method of Education by Sharanalaya


Montessori Method of education is designed by Dr. Maria Montessori (1870 - 195 ! using her philosophy of education based upon actual observations of children. The journey of learning in a child begins with concrete materials that lead to abstract understanding, where the child develops the flow of ideas and imagination by exploring the things independently. This system supports individual childs development needs and growth. The child develops intelligence through physical and psychological abilities. It fulfills the childrens desire to learn all the practical skills, sensorial, mathematics, language and cultural knowledge. A uality !ontessori classroom with prepared environment and the role of the teacher distinguishes !ontessori !ethod from other educational approaches. The Montessori Method of education is very popular around the world. In this method of education individual child achieves all pleasures and most of their stimuli are derived from the five senses" what they see, hear, touch, smell and taste. They develop their capabilities by discovering the !ontessori materials by using their five senses to achieve the greater potential of enjoying life. !ontessori philosophy fosters the development of childs highest potential in spiritual, emotional, physical, and intellectual growth. #ollowing basic principles makes it exclusive different from other method of teachings.

1. "es#ect for the $hild


$espect for the child is the foundation stone on which all other !ontessori principles rest. Teachers show respect for children while helping them to do things to achieve their goals. They develop positive self esteem by effective learning process. %hereas in traditional schools children are forced to learn without their interest to complete the re uired curriculum task.

. %he &bsorbent Mind


&r. !ontessori described the child's mind between the time of birth and six years of age as the (absorbent mind(. )hildren are born to learn and they have remarkable learning ability as they are thinking beings. *earning totally depends upon the teachers, experiences and environments.

'. Sensiti(e )eriods


!ontessori believed every child undergoes the sensitive periods where they learn specific skills. The se uence of process and timing varies for each child. !ontessori teacher uses their observation to detect the times of sensitivity and provides an environment to satisfy their needs.

*. +ell )re#ared En(iron,ent


!ontessori believed that children learn best in a prepared environment. )hildren are given freedom to explore materials of their own choice in an orderly format which further enables them to be independent and active learner.

5. Self -education
!ontessori named the concept that children are capable of educating themselves. %ell prepared classroom environment along with freedom of choice educates the children themselves to satisfy and achieve their goals.

-. %he %eacher.s "ole


The role of a !ontessori teacher plays a uni ue role as an observer, facilitator and guide. Their ultimate goal is to prepare and organi+e the learning environment to meet the needs and interests of the children to promote independence, self , confidence and discipline. The children learn from their own discoveries and derive their own conclusions. !ontessori teachers play a dynamic role between the children and the prepared environment.

They make children the center of learning They encourage children to learn They observe children They prepare the learning environment They respect each child They introduce learning materials

/or ,ore infor,ation0 Sharanalaya Montessori School

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