SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY Syllabus for the Semester System Examination ( Academic Flexibility, Credit System) w.e.f. January 2008 for M.Sc. Part - I ( Semester I & II ) No. ( Semester III & IV ) No. from January 2009. and for M.Sc. II

M.Sc. BOTANY REVISED SYLLABUS (Academic Flexibility) (Credit System)
1. The entire course of M. Sc. (Botany) will be of four semesters spread over within two years. 2. There shall be four theory papers and four practicals (each based on one theory paper) in every semester. Each semester course shall comprise of four units per theory paper per week. One practical of two units per paper per week. 3. Every theory paper shall be having four units and every practical shall be having two units. 4. There shall be one elective paper and corresponding practical among the four papers per semester and the students from other departments can opt for this particular elective paper. The decision regarding admission of such other departmental students will be made by departmental committee of Botany Department. 5. Each unit in theory paper shall comprise of 15 lectures of 60 minutes duration and there shall be four lectures per paper per week. There shall be four practicals (each with not less than three hour duration) per week. Library (Reference) work/ Excursion/ Field Work/Seminar –Group Discussion/Project Work shall also be conducted in every week. 6. Among the four Theory papers there shall be one elective paper per semester. 7. There shall be at least two short tours per year for all students. For M.Sc. I students there shall be one long tour (in a year) out of the state to Botanical Regions, Research Institutes / Centers. All excursion tours, short and long, are obligatory to each student. Candidates shall require to produce, the following at the time of practical examination (at the end of each semester). :i) A laboratory journal of practicals and field record book duly signed by the concerned teacher from time to time. A set of micro preparations (semi / permanent) of plant materials illustrating the subject matter of the relevant paper.

ii)

At least 10-15 Herbarium specimens and preserved specimens (preferably of weeds) collected by the Candidate during the field work or excursion tour.

8. Various subject specializations intradepartment-elective are available at M. Sc. II ( Sem. III and IV). The Department offers one of the following specializations to each student on the basis of his/ her merit and willingness and availability of seats. (Subject distribution centralized). • • • • • • • • Plant Physiology Mycology and Plant Pathology Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding Energy, Ecology and Environment Angiosperm Taxonomy Marine Botany Plant Biotechnology Palaeobotany (Presently Suspended).

9. The entire course of M. Sc. in Botany will be of 2500 marks. So every semester will be of 600 marks; 400 marks for theory papers (4) and 200 marks for practicals (4), along with 50 marks for project work in semester III and semester IV. 10. Each theory paper will be of 100 marks (80 marks theory paper + 20 marks internal). Each semester (usually at the mid of the semester) there will be an internal test of 20 marks (20 multiple choice questions) and theory examination of 80 marks per paper (of 2.5 h duration) at the end of semester. 11. Each practical performance will be of 50 marks (20 marks internal + 30 marks external). There will be a separate practical examination for every paper carrying 30 marks. (Four separate Practicals). Each practical examination will be of 3 h duration. 12. A Project / Assignment will be given to every student during III and IV semesters, and each student will be examined for his / her project for 50 marks every semester. (50 × 2 = 100 marks for project, submission and oral presentation). 13. In each theory question paper (carrying 80 marks) seven questions will be put, out of which the candidate shall have to attempt five questions (carrying 16 marks each). The weightage to different types of questions is as follows :i) Descriptive or essay type questions 50 – 60 % ii) Short answer type questions (20- 30 %) The last (7 ) question of short answer type questions will be compulsory (based on entire syllabus).
th

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M.Sc. Part I (Semester - I) Theory Papers : B O 1.1 B O 1.2 B O 1.3 Elective I B O 1.4 Practicals: B O P 1.1 B O P 1.2 B O P 1.3 B O P 1.4 : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany M.Sc. Part I (Semister - II) Theory Papers: B O 2.1 B O 2.2 B O 2.3 Elective II B O 2.4 Practicals: B O P 2.1 B O P 2.2 B O P 2.3 B O P 2.4 : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation M.Sc. Part II (Semister - III): B O 3.1 Elective III B O 3.2 Special paper I B O 3.31 B O 3.32 B O 3.33 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

34 B O 3.35 B O 4.33 B O 4.31 B O 4.B O 3.47 Practicals : B O P 3.37 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.32 B O 4.36 B O 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering B O P Special paper I B O P Special paper II Project Work: B O 3.IV) : Theory Papers: B O 4.43 B O 3.1 Elective IV B O 4.Sc.44 B O 3.34 B O 4.46 B O 3.2 Special paper III B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.37 Special paper II B O 3.41 B O 3. Sc.42 B O 3.1 B O P 3.5 : Project work/Assignment work M. Part II Syllabus… .36 B O 4.35 B O 3. Development and Reproduction : Plant Physiology and Metabolism M.2 : Energy. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Structure. Part II (Semister .45 B O 3.

2 BOP BOP Project Work: B O 4. Part II Syllabus… .45 B O 4.47 Practicals: B O P 4.46 B O 4. Sc.5 : Project work/Assignment work : Plant Physiology and Metabolism : Plant Structure.42 B O 4.Special Paper IV B O 4.44 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology M.43 B O 4. Development and Reproduction : Special paper III : Special paper IV : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.41 B O 4.1 B O P 4.

experimental report. Modem. centrifuge Electricautoclaves 11.1 Pre-requisite Course Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. biomolecular structure. plant) media preparation. types (bacteria. UV-VIS. Palaeobotanical Techniques : Peel technique Palaeopalynological studies. oxygen electrode. Ion-selective electrodes. 2. pH-electrode. Fluorescence and Absorption spectrophotometry – Instrumentation and applications. Biological Data Bases. Collection and Preservation of plant material. Separation Techniques: Basic principles of centrifugation. Sc. inoculation. BeerLambert’s law. Search Engine. constituents. Applications of radioisotopes. Density gradient separation Column chromatography. medical science etc. Biostatistics : Measures of Dispersion and Variability. Standard units of expression. Measurement of radioactivity – Geiger-Muller. 12.Ultrafiltration Isoeletricfocussing. Ion exchange and Affinity chromatography Gel electrophoresis. Culture Technique : Principles. discipline. MASS Spectrometry. 8. safety and care. Electrochemical Techniques : Principles.B O 1. . stirrer. 6. Laboratory note book. Cryopreservation 8 3 4 M. Bioinformatics: Definition. Tracer Techniques : Isotopes is biochemistry / biology units of radioactivity. fungi. thermobath. algae. Use nets. Internet(www/http). The Coefficient of variation 3. X-ray Diffraction : Brief idea with principle Unit: IV 10. Biochemistry Laboratory : Laboratory. 4. NMR. Liquid Scintillation Counting. Part II Syllabus… . hot air oven. Applications in genomics. Computers in Biology : Modern computers. 8 7 8 5 2 sterilization. Useful sites Unit: II 5. E3 4 4 4 mail. 9. Biosensors. low and high speed centrifuges ultracentrifuge. Spectroscopic Techniques : Basic principles Nature of electromagnetic radiation. The Variance. Unit: III 7. importance. Browsers. Equipments – Laminar air flow. shaker.

8. 10. Separation of proteins by gel electrophoresis 10. Rao. Determination of Correlation coefficient. Himalayan Publ. Preparation of standard solutions. Arditti and Dunn. applied genetics and Bio-statistics Goswami H. Long and Sourlock. Academic Press New York (1989) 3. ppm . 11. Wilson and J. Verification of Beer and Lambert’s law Units: II (Any Four practicals) 7. London 13. Singapore.Colowick and Kaplan Academic Press. 12. House. Methods in Experimental Biology. Use of search engine for literature / reference work / Searching biochemical literature 6. Education. Handbook of field and herbarium techniques S. Study of instruments / equipments.-Ralph. 4. Hall.Practicals : UNIT : I (Any Four practicals) 1. (1997). ANOVA use of computer. H. Studies in Paleobotany-Andrews. Sc. X-Ray diffraction. Walker (2000) Cambridge Publ. Saraswati Printing Press Aurangabad. Modern Experimental Biochemistry-Boyer.Mungikar. 3. Schwer and Zeclinskin publ. Plant histochemistry – Jensen. (1993) 5. pH – measurement and preparation of buffers. K. Publ. R. Scurlik. A field and laboratory manualHall. / E-mail operations 5. Pergamon press Oxford (1985) 7.C. R. (1975). 9. etc. and R. photomicrography. 4. Bolhar Nordenkampt. Bombay (1993) 2. N. Pearsa. Ed. R. Practical cytology. M. 6.(2005). Leagood and Long Chapman and Hall Publ. Flame photometer. 2. Techniques in Bioproductivity and photosynthesis by – Coombs. Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment. E. Academic Press (1970). A. Accessing biological data bases. M. Experimental plant physiology – J. R. Methods in plant molecular biology – M. Peel technique for fossil studies 9. An Introduction to Biometry. Part II Syllabus… . Goswami. N. K. Methods in enzymology.-Radioactive counetrs. 8. (1961) 11. A. Blakie. M. Jain and R. Density gradient centrifugation – A separation technique List of Books : 1. Practical Biochemistry : Principles and Techniques.

organic acids. growth. Algae and Bryophytes Total Lectures : 60 Fungi Unit: I (15) 1. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Sc.B O 1. Ustilaginales Agaricales. Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales.2 Biology and Diversity of Fungi. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders 13 Orders Dictysteliales Stemonitales Chytridiales Plasmadiophoromycetales Perenosporales Mucorales Taphrinales Eurotiales 13 1 1 Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gastomycetes Hyphomycetes Coelomycetes antibiotics and enzymes. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Classification of Fungi by Alexopoulos and Mims (1979) 3. M. 2. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders Classes Acrasiomycetes Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Plasmadiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Hemiascomycetes Plectomycetes Unit : II (15) 4. growth. Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hyphomycetales Melanconiales. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. General Characters of Fungi. Spheropsidales 2 5. Part II Syllabus… .

Coleochaete. habit. Role of Algae in human welfare Structure. air. Cultivation and methods of preservation. their inoculation on culture media. : Pinnularia. Phylogeny and interrelationship of following classes with reference to the forms mentioned against the classes Cyanophyceae Chlorophyceae Xanthophyceae Bacillariophyceae Phaeophyceae Rhodophyceae Bryophytes Unit: IV (15) • • • Trends in classification of Bryophytes.Algae Unit: III (15) • • • • Classification in Algae Culture. Fritchella. Botrydium. : Vaucheria. Spirulina : Mougeotia. phylogeny. Jungermanniales. : Dictyota. water and host. Reproduction. Synchytrium 1 5 M.Sphagnales. Pithophora. Scytonema. Cladophora. morphology. Sc. Padiana. 9 2 2 2 Practicals Unit: I (15) • Fungi 1) Isolation of fungi from soil. Class Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Order Stemonitales Chytridiales Types Stemonitis Physoderma. Buxbaumiales • • Economic importance of Bryophytes. Draparnaldia. Bryophytes as indicators of pollution. Takakiales. 2) Detailed study of following types from each of the following orders. 2 1 8 2 2 : Gloeoecapsa. reproduction. Part II Syllabus… . and inter relationship of following orders Sphaerocarpales. Ulva. : Gracillaria. Oscillatoria. Origin of Bryophytes Distribution.

Desikachary. Colletotrichum Study of Algae: Types mentioned against each class in theory paper (available specimens / slides) • Bryophytes Morphological. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Marchantiales Jungermanniales Anthocerotales Polytrichales Reference Books and Journals. Cyathodium Fossombronia. (1986) 3. Vashista.Plasmodiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Plectomycets Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gasteromycetes Deuteromycetes Unit :II (15) • Algae Plasmodiophorales Perenosporales Mucorales Eurotiales Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales Agaricales Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hypomycetales Melanconiales Plasmodiophora (Slide) Plasmopara. T. (1994) 4. Gangulee.V. K. N.D. Algae 1. H. Mucor. Singh (1971) 2. Uromyces. III Taxonomy and Biology of Blue green algae : : : : Asterella. and A. P. B. Pandey. and H. Kar (1992) 6. Aspergillus Claviceps Peziza Capnodium. Sc. Asterina Melampsora. Porella Notothyllus Polytrichum M. B. Part II Syllabus… . (1995) 5. Polyporus. Cyathus Alternaria.P. Bremia. Sharma.C. O.Rhizopus Penicillium. R. Kumar. Albugo. (1972) Textbook of Algae Textbook of Algae Textbook of Botany – Algae Botany for degree students-Algae College Botany Vol. Targionia. H. Agaricus.

(1964) 7. 2.J. Alexopoulos. and P. (1963) 8. 1. and A.S. E. (1959) 4. Smith. Bol. Chapman (1965) Journals 1. Vashista. Fritsch. Gangulee. I : The Myxomycetes of India : Hyphomycetes : Ustihlaginales of India : Aquatic phycomycetes : Aquatic Fungi of India : Inter-relationship of Bryophytes : Liverworts of Western Himalayas and the Punjab Plains Part I and II : An introduction to Embryophyta. Indian Journal of Marine Biology Fungi. Ainsworth. Sharma. G. C. S.A and IV-B : Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi : College Botany Vol. IV. (1967) 5. and M. (1929) 3. S. (1964) 2. (1960) 10. (1974) 9. Watson. B. M. (1971) 8. R. O. III. Chapman.R. Ram Udar (1976) 5. Sussman 4. and D. V. (1996) 9. K.O. Parihar. N. (1977) 7. II : The Structure and life of Bryopytes : British Mosses and Liverworts : Botany for degree students -Brtophyta : Biology of Bryophytes. Venkataraman et al. E. II. M. (1965) 8.V. A. and A.7. E. K.V. Sparrdo F. Mims (1979) 2. V. Part II Syllabus… .K. (1989) 3. Kar (1992) 6. Cavers. Watson.J. E. Dayal (1995) Bryophytes 1. Mahasagar 5. Phycologia 3. 4.B. N. Seaweed Research. Sc. C. F.S. R. Chopra. Subramanan. Phykos. Bessey. I. Kashyap. H.J. Kumra (1988) Structure of Algae and Reproduction Algae-Form and Function The Algae : Introductory Mycology : Textbook of Fungi : The Fungi Vols. G. and C. R. G. S. I – Bryophyta : Bryology in India : Cryptogamic Botany Bol.Trimukchar (1952) 9. Mundkur B. J. Thind K. (1955) 6. W.

Survivorship curves. Evaluation of abiotic components of aquatic ecosystem (PH. Introduction of Remote Sensing technique and Geographical Information system (GIS) 7. Mortality. Biosphere Reserve Unit: III 5. Determination of field capacity of Soil. Environmental Education Programmes : WWF. Global sinks and pollution cycle Practicals: ( 2 Units. Sc. Study of Species diversity index 5. 15 Unit: IV 6. 7. Ecological reports based on tour and / or analysis. Part II Syllabus… . Models of plant 7 8 7 Population growth and structure: Concept and attribrutes. IUCN. Study of phytoplankton 2. Habital Ecology : Fresh Water and Marine water ecology (ecosystems) 2. Temperature and Transparency) 3. Life table and age structure. Succession : Succession Unit: II 3. Determination of hardness of Water 9. Law of population growth curves. 8 Allogenic and Autogenic Succession. Determination of residual Chlorine from Water sample. Biotic potential and Natality. Climatic Climax. 8 7 M.3 Plant Ecology Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. 10. MAB. Estimation of primary productivity of an aquatic ecosystem 8. Any 8) Unit: I (15) 1. Study of satellite imagery and vegetation Analysis Unit: II (15) 6. Determination of phytomass 4. Wetlands and their Characteristics – Classification of Wetlands & Examples 4.B O 1.

S. K. Plant Ecology – R. dt. The Plant community – Hanson and Churchil. Goel. Ecology of halophytes – R. W. Reimold and W. 1990. Structure and functioning – A. Plant succession and indicators – F. 1988. 1974 9.V. Sc. 1979 16. Plant Ecology – Weaver and Clemests 14. Ecology – E. Patterns of primary production in the biosphere H. Environmental Impact Assessment of Govordhan. D. Verma. Freysen and T. Nair. I – Ed. Prentice – Hall of India. Fundamentals of Ecology – E. Air pollution and forests – W. Agarwal.V.W. Concept of Ecology (Environmental Biology) . Principles of environmental Biology – P. 1981 11.K. Progress of Plant Ecology in India – R. 1973 19. J.P. Quantitative and dynamic ecology – K. Meerut 27. 2. Taxonomy and Ecology . Heywood 22. H. Plant strategies and vegetation process 0 J. Practical Methods in Ecology and Environmental Science . New Delhi. Horper and Row (1978) 8. Rastogi publications. H. Al. 18. 1993. 12. Wedendrop. P. Plant pollution ecology – A. K. New Delhi 25.R. Part II Syllabus… . Odum. Sharma.W. Dhot 1990 6. Grime 23. Ecology and Environment – P. . J. Concept of Ecology (1996) – Edward J. J. V. Queens.P. Misra. 1978 21. B. Progress of Plant Ecology Ed. Ecology : The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance – C. 1973 7. An Introduction to Air Pollution (1995) – R. Ambsht. Environmental Impact Assessment. Dary et. Trivedy. T. Theridam 4. 1985 3. Enviro Media Publ. Lieth. Environmental management of mining operations – B. K. Misra 5. 1996 17. Covel. Krens. Clements 13. A. R. E. 1961 15. Kershaw 20. Odum. P. Al. S. Misra. Chand and Company Ltd. Ecology workbook – R. Technology Assessment. Karad 26. Trivedy 24. K. Smith. M.List of Books : 1. P.F. 1978 10.J. H. S. Kormond.

Sigillariales 8 M.B O 1. Sc.Marattiales. reproductive organs and affinities of extant members of following orders. Psilotales. Salviniales Gymnosperms UNIT II (15) • • • Recent trends in Classification Evolution in Reproductive structures of Cycadales Woods of Coniferales (15) 5 5 5 10 2 3 UNIT III • Study of morphology. Part II Syllabus… . Lepidodendrales Sphenophyllates Psilophytales. anatomy. Ginkgoales. Ephedrales. reproduction and phylogeny of following orders with reference to the forms mentioned against each. Gymnosperms and Paleobotany Total Lectures: 60 Pteridophytes UNIT I (15) 1) Classification of Pteridophytes 2) Current trends of research in Pteridophytes 3) Comparative morphology. Welwitschiales 10 5 • Applied aspects of Gymnosperms Paleobotany UNIT IV (15) Study of morphology. Filicales. Lycopodiales.4 (Elective I) Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes. Marattiales Filicales . Taxales. anatomy and evolutionary trends of following groups of plants.

Part II Syllabus… . Rajamahal Hill flora. specimens / slides. Deccan Intertrappean flora Paleopalynological techniques – Coal maceration. Gleichenites Medullosa. Podocarpus. Taxus. Dictyozarrites Palmoxylon. Study of following specimens : Sigillariales Sphenophyllales Marattiales Filicales Medullosales Coniferales Cycadaless Angiosperms : : : : : : : : Sigillaria Stem Sphenophyllum Stem Psaronius stem Rodeites. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Psilotales Lycopodiales Filicales Marattiales Salviniales UNIT II (15) • • Study of the morphology and anatomy of the vegetative and reproductive parts of Araucaria. Sc. Sahnianthus Glossopteris. Selaginella. Enigmocarpon. Lignite maceration 5 2 Morphological. Isoetes Gleichenia. Pachytesta Elatocladus. Pteris Angiopteris Salvinia M. Scutellum Ginkgo. and Ephedra from available : : : : : Tmesipteris Lycopodium. Brachyphyllum Ptilophyllum. Cupressus. Microsorium. Gangmopteris.Practicals UNIT I (15) Pteridospermales : Medullosales Bennettitales .Williamsonials Cycalales Cordiaitales Coniferales Indian fossil flora – Glossopteris flora. stem.

Reference Books : Trivedi, A. N. (2002) Bierhorst, D.W.(1971) Rashid, A. (1978) Spome, K.R. (1966) Bower, F. O. (1963) Jermy, A. G. (1973) Vashishta, B.R. (1996) Parihar, N.S. (1959) Arnold, C.A. (1972) Darroh, W.C. (1968) Surange, K.R. (1968) Journals – American Fern Journal International Journal of plant sciences. Bierhorst, D.W. (1971) Chamberlein, C.J. (1966) Coulter and Chumberlein, J. M. Ramanujan, C.G.K. (1979) Spome, K.R. (1967) Vashistha, P.C. (1976) Arnold, C. A. (1972) Andrews, H.N. (1961) Darroh, W.C. (1960) Surange, K. R. (1968) – Morphology of vascular plants - Gymnosperms, Structure and Evolution - Morphology of Gymnosperms - Indian Gymnosperms in Time and Space - Morphology of Gymosperms - The Gymnosperms - An Introduction to Pateobotany - Studies in Pateobotany - Principles of Paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophyles - The Gymnosperms - Advances in Pteridology - Morphology of Vascular plants - An introduction ot Peridophytes - Morphology of Ptseridophytes - The Ferns - The Phylogeny and Classification of ferns. - Botany for degree students – Pteridophytes - An Introduction to Pteridophyta - An introduction to paleobotany - Principles of paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophytes

Eames, A. J. and E. M. Giffard (1950) - Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Foster, A. S. and Gifford, E. M. (1959)- Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1996)- The Gymnosperms.

Shukla, A.C. and Mishra, S.D. (1975)- Essentiales of Paleobotany Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1975) Stewart, W. N. (1983) - Paleobotany and the evolution of plants, Cambridge U.S.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Semester - II

B O 2.1Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants
Total Lectures: 60 UNIT: I (15) 1. Dynamic cell: General account of plant cell structure specialized plant cell types and pumps, receptors, transport 4 4 7 UNIT: II (15) 4. Organization and expression of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Nucleo- organelle interactions 6. Nucleus : Structure, nuclear pores, nucleosome organization. microfilaments, motor movements implications in flagellar and other movements UNIT: III (15) 8. Cell cycle and apoptosis : control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent Kinases : Cell plate formation . Mechanism of programmed cell death 9. Nucleic acids : Structural pecularities of DNA and RNA Law of DNA constancy and C – value paradox, DNA polymorphism, DNA damage and repair 10. Protein sorting : targeting of proteins to organelles, UNIT: IV (15) 11. Protein Biosynthesis : Concepts of central dogma, reverse transcription, mechanism of transcription, RNA polymerase and its role, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing), Gene concept, split genes, genetic code, deciphering the code, concept of degeneracy and Wobble hypothesis, mechanism of protein synthesis. GISH, confocal microscopy 10 5 12. Techniques in cell biology : In Situ hybridization to locate transcripts incell types, FISH, 4 7 4 5 2 5 5. Plant vacuole – Tonoplast membrane ATP ases, Transporters, as storage organelle 3 2. Plasma membrane : Structure, models and functions, sites for ATP ion carriers, channels 3. Plasmodesmata : structure, role in movement of molecules, comparison with gap junctions

7. Cell shape and motility : The cytoskeleton, organization and role of microtubules and

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Practicals : UNIT I 1. Isolation of chloroplasts 2. Separation of chloroplast proteins 3. Isolation and Estimation at DNA from various plants 4. Restriction digestion of DNA, its separation by agarose gel electrophoresis 5. Study of cell types – Guard cells, heterocysts, Sclereids, Storage cells. UNIT II 6. Study of vacuoles from different plants 7. Preparation of feulgen stained chromosome in root iip cells. 8. Effect of colchicine on chromosome movements during mitosis. 9. Use of fluorescent dye to visualize cell components. Reference Books : 1. Johnson Lewys – 2004 : Cell Biology ; sarup and sons, New Delhi 2. E.J. Dupraw – 1970 : Cell and Molecular Biology; Academic Press, London 3. De Robertis and De Robertis – 1997 : Cell and Molecular Biology (VIII); B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 4. C. P. Swanson, T. Merz, and W.J. Young – 1982 : Cytogenetics ; Prentice – Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 5. P.C.L. John (Ed.) – 1981 : The cell cycle; Cambridge University press 6. Benjamin Lewin : Genes – VI, VII and VIII ; Oxford Press. 7. R. A. Chapoldi 1977 : Membrane proteins and their interactions with lipids; Marcel Dekker, inc. N. York 8. A. N. Mortonosi (Ed.) – 1985 : The enzymes of Biological Membrames Vol. I, II and III; Plenum press, New York 9. Watson and others – 2004 : Molecular Biology of the gene ( V); pearses Educatias, Inc India 10. P.C. Turner and others – 2002 : Molecular Biology (II); Viva Books, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 11. W. Ream and K. G. Field – 1999 : Molecular Biology Techniques ; Academic Press, London. 12.Brace Alberts etal – 1983 : Molecular Biology of the cell ; Garland Publ. Inc., New Yorsk. 13.Charlothe J. Avers – 1986 : Molecular cell Biology ; Addision. Wesley Publ. Company 14. Sandhya Mitra – 1988 : Elements of Molecular Biology ; McMillan India Ltd., N. Delhi 15. C. B. Powar – 1992 : Cell Biology; Himalaya Publishing House.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Part II Syllabus… . The Journal of cytology and Genetics 6. Annual review of plant Biology 2. Indian journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Trends in Biotechnology M. Sc.Current and Back Volumes of following Periodicals : 1. 9. Cell 3. Journal of Experimental Biology 7. The journal of Biochemistry 8. Cytologia 4. Journal of Genetics 5.

assessment. PRACTICALS: Unit: I (1-6) Unit: II (7-8) (9) (10) Identification of genus and species of locally available wild plants Preparation of botanical keys Study of at least 20 locally available families of flowering plants Field trips within and around the University Campus. Important Rules Endemism in Western Ghats. importance. Computers. GIS 7 Systems of Angiosperm Classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems. Biosystematic categories. Botanical gardens. floras. M. hotspots and hottest 15 8 Steps in biosystematics. Angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Unit: IV Phytogeography hotspots. magnitude. Transference of Function. : Phytogeographic regions of India. Plant explorations.2 ANGIOSPERM SYSTEMATICS Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I Systematics: A Key science. Endemism. compilation of field notes and preparation of herbarium sheets of such plants. GPS. Unit: II Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies and Recommendations. Adaptive radiations mechanisms.B O 2. Categories and ranks Evolutionary Concepts : Origin of intra-population variation. Relevance to conservation. conservation. Importance. The species concept. population and environment General biological Principle. Appendices Unit: III Taxonomic tools : Herbarium. invasions and introductions. Importance of 5 10 5 7 Plant Speciation: Allopathic / Abrupt / Sympatric / Hybrid / Apomictic speciation. utilization. Sc. Sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research 3 Taxonomic Structure: Taxonomic hierarchy. Part II Syllabus… . Provisions for the governance of the Code. Cladestics in taxonomy. Biodiversity. Isolating International Code of Botanical Nomenclature : Salient features-Principles.

Muktesh Kumar (ed. 1959. Stuessy T. Today and M. 1993. Ltd. The systematic Evaluation of comparative data. Sinauer Associales. 2004. Sc. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGrow-Hill Publication Com. Pvt. Biseu Sigh Mahendra Pal Sign Pehra Duk. Ltd. Botanical excursion of about one week duration to any botanically rich location preferable outside the State. Plaul. A Primer of Conservation Biology. Taxonomy of vasadar plants Oxford and IBH Publ. R. K. and L. Delhi Primak. New Delhi Manilal. Co. Publishers Quicke. A Hand book of Taxonomy Training. Part II Syllabus… . S. New Delhi. J. B) Endemic plants. N. DST.(11-12) Knowledge of at least 25 plant species from each of the following categories : a) Medicinal Plants. C. H. and V. D. New Delhi Grnquist. S. F. New York Gurcharan Singh.. London Stace. A. 1989. Hickey 1997. Tomorrow Publications. Pvt. Taylor. J. H. 2002. Flowering plaub : Origin. M. Blakie Academic and Professional. Plant taxonomy . L. C) Exotic weeds. Families of flowering plants Lawrence George H. Ltd. Columbia University Press. 1951. An Integrated system of Classifications of flowering plants. Principles and Techniques of Commemoratory Taxonomy. J.. P. A. New Delhi Naik. B. Inc. New Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. 1984. Hulchikson. Heywood 1991. evolution and phylogeny CBS Publishers a Distributors New Delhi. 2004. Taxonomy and Biosystematics Etwaed Arnold. V. BOOKS : Davis. 1981. Donald. London.. Plant Systematics : Theory and practice Oxford and YBH Publishing Co. V. and M.) 1998.

Bajra. Cucurbits.) epidemiology (Slow and rapid. Roses. Sugarcane. isolation and purification of plant viruses. Contribution of Woronin. History. ultrastructure of TMV. etiology and management of diseases of: Banana. Unit: II 1. disease forecasting. physiological. . bacteria. Chemistry of plant viruses. History. Soybean.C.3 Plant Pathology Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I 1. 3 2. 5 2. Symptomology and Epidemiology : Disease identification based on symptoms. symptomology. 4. Chilly. culturing of pathogenic organisms (fungi. 5. Bamboo.B O 2. conformation of Provost’s work Anton De Bary. plant pathology in 20th century. Sc. laboratory studies. J. Trimulachari. morphology and characteristics of MLO’s Identification techniques of MLO’s colonization. Pigeonpea. J. Defense mechanism in host : Structural. History of plant diseases: Beginnings of modern plant pathology. Koch’s postulates. Introductory Virology : Nomenclature and classification of plant viruses. Turmeric. Economic importance of viruses. Bhendi. mycoplasma etc) . TYMV. causal organism. Mehta. C. Stages of disease development : Pre penetration. T. Unit:III 1. collection of samples. Coffee. Role of environmental factors in disease development. Garrett. S. Khun period. symptomology. Cabbage. Sesamum. Teak. Onion. Wheat. Unit: IV 1. Coconut. S. Tobacco. Grapes. Dalbergia. 6 3. causal organism. Tomato. Sunflower. Citrus. genetical and chemical. Ginger. etiology and management of diseases of : Rice. Rajmah.) epiphytotics. Cotton. Part II Syllabus… . Jowar. K. Penetration. MLO : Classification. Brinjal. D. Methods of Studying plant diseases and their diagnosis : Field observation. Potato. M. Papaya. Groundnut. Horsefall. and Bacteriophage. (external and internal. Gerbera. post penetration and 6 M. Sadavasivan. 15 15 3 3 2 2 3.

White rust. E. R. 1963 : Plant Diseases Epidemics and control Rangaswami. E. 2004: Clinical Plant Pathology Kuijit. A. G. N. 5. PMV and YVMV. A. Mahadevan. Shridhar. 1980: Plant Pathology Nyvall. 1981. Early and late Blight. S. Nematode Disease : Root knot Phanerogamic plant Diseases : Total and Partial root and stem parasites Bacterial Diseases : Citrus canker. 8. and R. 1968 : Disease Resistence in plants. S. leaf sopt. Mycoplasmal Diseases : Grassy shoot disease and Little leaf Viral Disease : TMV. M. Wilt. Rot. 1982. 9. Smut. Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical field. 1979 : Field Crop Diseases Handbook Pathological Problems of Economic crop plants and their Paul Khurama. 1993. Fiber and oil plants Gangopadhyay . Fungal Diseases : Club root. Part II Syllabus… . Downy mildew. 1998: management Planke. Blast. Sc. plant pathology and Tissue culture Cooke. Methods in physiological plant pathology Mehrotra. A. Journal of phytopathology 2. F. J. : Experiments in Microbiology. Annual review of plant pathology M. 1978 : Plant Pathology Aneja. Reference Books : Agrios. 1969: The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. Vander. Unit: II 6. Rust. S. G. J. Damping off. Powdery mildew. R. S. 1998 : Plant Diseases Current and back – Volumes of following periodicals : 1. R. J. Journal of Mycology and plant pathology 4. Planke. ander. Tikka. Blight and Leaf Spot. Anthracnose. R. 10-12 Estimation of chlorophylls sugars and polyphenols fro healthy and infected leaves.Practicals : Unit: I 1-4. Bunt. 1979 : Diseases of crop plants in India Singh. K. 7. Indian journal of phytopathology 3.

Strategies for conservation: ex situ conservation: Principles and practices. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. Fibre crop (Agave). M. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for conservation. botany and uses of food crop (rice and Sunflower ) Sugar and biomass crop (Sugarcane) Unit: III 1. cryobanks. organic acids. Sc. evolution. pollution control and esthetics Unit: IV 1. mangroves and coralreefs for conservation of wild biodiversity 5 2. botanical gardens. tannins and dyes. extinction. antibiotics Medicinal and Aromatic plants (Curcma longa. A brief account of major spices. in vitro repositories. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR). Ethnobotany : basic principles and scope 5. 7 5 5 5 3. non-formal conservation efforts. general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI). Ornamental plants 6. 3. Plants used in Sericulture 4. resins and fruits. Wetlands. Origin. Important fire wood and timber yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as pigeonpea). raw-materials for papermaking. General account of petrocrop 3. protected areas in India – sanctuaries national parks. Artimesia). environmental status of plants based on International Strategies for conservation – in situ conservation : International efforts and Indian initiatives. field gene banks. mastigatories and funmitories and beverages 2. seed banks. Plants used as avenue trees for shade. Vegetable oil yielding crop (Safflower. Unit: II 1. Economic importance of microbes 2. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). Part II Syllabus… .4 (Elective II) Plant Resource Utilization and Conservation Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Green revolution: Benefits and adverse consequences bamboos.B O 2. biosphere reserves. narcotics. Principles of conservation. Economic importance and utilization of Lower Plant Groups and enzymes. gums. condiments. 10 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 6 2.

Practicals : Unit: I 1. anatomy. Unit: II 7. tests for oils and iodine number. L. resins. microchemical tests for stored food materials. Forage / fodder crops : Study of important crops of the locality (Sorghum. Study of food crops : Wheat. :Mustard. Cymbopogon sp. Lawsonia) 11. Mentha. Sage Pub. K. New Delhi Allen and Unwin Ltd. Field survey and submission of report and scientific visits Books : A manual of ethnobotany Ed. Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cotton. Prepare a wet extract of vegetable tannins (Acaeia. 2. Eciatific publications Jodhpur A New moral Economy to India’s forests ? – Roger Feffery and Nandini Sundar (1999)... Advances in Oilseeds Production and Technology. & 4. Petro and Sericultural crops. T. London (1954) M. G. Ashish Publishing House. tannins. Chickpea. Safflower. S. soybean Morphology. Adhatoda zeylanica (Syn. Gums. Vear. anatomy. Gill and K. and 8. Sengupta. Mangroves) Dyes (Turmeric . Maize. Sc. London (1969) Agrofrestry India Perspeetive. ICAR New Delhi (1985) Agricultural Botany. dyes : Perform simple tests for gums and resins.) 1) Estimation of proteins 3. Garal Duekworth and Co.Vegetable oils 9. Plant fibres a) Textile fibres b) Cordage fibres c) Fibres for stufting 5. 10. Bajra. N. Agare : Coir : Silk cotton / Kapok Morphology. 12. V.K. A vasica) Jasminum. Jain.. & 6. K. microscopic structure of oil-yielding tissues.. microscopic study of fibre using appropriate staining procedure. Bixa. Butea. : Depending upon the geographical location select any five from campus / wild / crop field Catharanthus roseus. New Delhi. C. Economically important lower plants – two from each group. Part II Syllabus… . Terminalia. Ltd. Sugarcane Morphology. Ramanamurthy. Jha and P.

R.Applied Ethnobotany – E. M. New Delhi Modern General Science and Technology by Y.R. B. The Ronald Press Company New York (1955) Foristry Research and Education in India. Part II Syllabus… . Banglore Printing and Publishing Company Bangalore (1966) Forest Management (1996). Dogra and R C. B.K. Frrest Wealth of India Inaccesible to impoverished. El.D. (2005) Field crops of India by A. Parthasarathy and P. Center. Pupl. Mukadam. D. K. Publ. P. Freeman and Company Son Fran (1976) Deep Aublicatins. Dhiman (edt. Ltd.. Plantation crops medicinal and arremats Plants. Jain Indian Agriculture. New Delhi. I. New Delhi. B.P. N. Joryal (1992) Forestry and the People (1994) L. Trivedy and K. R. P. Forestry Handbook Ed. Govt. Day Publishing House New Delhi (1997) Handbook of Agriculture. A.) 1994. Orford and IBH publishing Co. Delhi. Chapmen and L. Bassam. House. Mcgrow Hill Book Company (1962) Energy Plant Species. A Diamond Jubilee Publication by INSA. Meherhomji and N.M. Their use and inpact on environment and development. Sudarshan. Dehradun. Jayant Jaiswal and K. Mathur (1996). Inc. Hill A. Vikas Singhal Indian Economic. Sen Sharma .Varghesee S-VD Complete Gardening of India. Kumar. Publ. (1987) Ashish Pub. New M. Publ. S. Khader. Data Res. P . Sc. R. Jaji. New Delhi (1996) Economic Botany. Jemes and Jemes (Science Publichers) U. Bengalore (2001) Herbal Medicines for human health. Forbes Publ. Discovery publishing House. S. (1994) CBS Publishers New Delhi Contributions to Ethnobotany of India. W. V. Gopalaswaniengar. ICAR New Delhi (1969) Handbook of Sericultural Technologies. Iralappan Management of Minor forest produce for sustainability M.D. of India. Ministry of Textiles. Central silk Board. A. P. R. Carter. 19996. Pvt. By G. S. Aiyer. Jha and P. Giridhar. B. Vandana Shiva. Chaudhary R. R. S. New Delhi. K. Forest Resources – Crises and Management Natraj Publishers. N. K. Pomeranz VCH Publ. Partha ocrruthy Bengalore (1991) Crop Protection Principles and Pratices. K. K. Introduction to Spices. Simpson and M-Conner Economic Botany. Rangaswami.Shiva. H. Donlin. Rengedhy G.

E. Hag. G. Schery. Wickens. McGraw Hill Intenational Edition (1986) Oxfod. New York Tropical – Pulses by J. Sc.New Crops for Food and Industry. Basil Blackwell Inc. Publi. The biological aspects of rate plants conservation Syrge Hugh (ed. The Useful Plants of India. Great Pritan (1976) Tropical forest Resources FAC Forestry Paper (1962) Wealth of India . Rmachandran (1986) CSIR New Delhi. 1980.Day. K.. Chapmen and Hall Scientific Publishers Jodhpur 1996. George P. Part II Syllabus… . N. Smartt – Lengman Group Ltd. The Purpose of forests – Jack Westoby (1987).) John Wiley and Sons. Ed. R-M. London Ogorzaly.. New Delhi (1997) Plants For Man.IBM publ.Old and New Series CSIR Publication M.

7. Institutes engaged in conservation and improvement of crop genetic resources. Methods of breeding in self and cross pollinated crops. Cytoplasmic male sterility 7 b) Crop Genetic Resources: Centers of origin of cultivated plants. Heterosis. 4. sativum. Sc. Gene banks. Gene families. Global network for genetic conservation and utilization in major crops of world. Wild relatives of crop plants. Theory of allele frequencies. 3. Aloe vera. Nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes. Natural selection). Isolation of DNA and quantification by spectrophotometer. Smear preparation of Allium cepa. Importance of genetic conservation. A. Visit to National Research Institute/ NBPGR centers/ Seed Company and submission of field diary. Karyotype analysis. Orcein banding species. Part II Syllabus… . 2 2 15 6. Centers of origin of crop plants. Mobile genetic elements and their significance. Karyotype evolution 15 Unit 2: a) Genetics of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Mapping of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. Molecular marker systems. Chlorophytum Rhoeo discolor or any other ideal plants 8. 5. Any 8) 1. M. Determination of mitotic index. Vicia faba. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. Banding patterns. Genetic problems on gene mapping in higher plants 12. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Cytology: Chromatin organization. Isolation of plasmid from E. Applications of computer in plant breeding Practical (2 Units. Genetic variations in natural populations (Protein variation and variation with RFLP and DNA sequences) 15 Unit 4: Classical and modern methods of crop breeding and improvement: Genetic variability in crop plants. 2. Molecular plant breeding.1: CYTOGENETICS AND CROP IMPROVEMENT Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units.SEMESTER III BO 3. Migration. Gene sanctuaries 8 Unit 3: Population and Evolutionary Genetics: Evolutionary theory and population genetics. Changes in genetic structure of populations (Mutation. Importance of molecular marker assisted breeding. Karyotype analysis in any two plant species. Study of floral biology of crop plants 11. Genetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Genetic drift. coli. Molecular organization of centromere and telomere. Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA.

Problems in Genetics Vol. Principles of genetics. Sharma J. Tata McGraw. Clarendon Press. M. Cytogenetics of crop plants. U. U. Mayo. 1968. Chahal G. J. and Simmons M. D. J. Advances in plant breeding Vol. 1968. Russell P. and Sinha. London. B. Third edition John Wiley and Sons Inc. Ltd. and Baltimore. Journals: 1. Genetics. Techniques of plant cytogenetics. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. S. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. 4. R. Plant breeding. P. Oxford and IBH Publishing. Lodish. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Van No Strand Reinhold. 1998. Berlin.. New York. 5. Strickberger. Sybenga. I and II. 1993. Darnel. M. J. Sharma. D. K. Butterworth and Co. Springer Verlag. Mandal. Molecular cell biology.Suggested readings: Avers. J. J. S. K. E. P. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Part II Syllabus… . London. A. Ltd. 1979. K.. J. Ganguli. and Sharma. John Wiley and sons. 6. Mitra Sandhya 1994 Genetics a blueprint of life. Macmillan and Co. 1983. Oxford. Winkler. and Wackernagel W.. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. A. C. Chromosome techniques. R. and Banarjee.Hill Publishing Company Ltd New Delhi. Genetics. 2. Cytology and Cytogenetics. Narosa Publication New Delhi. V. P. A..Theory and practice. 2003. Bahekar V. 1980. H. Swanson. P. Oxford University Press. New York. Gardner. Germany. Principles of Genetics. Ludhiana. S. Genes IV. J. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. VI. C. B. 2003.. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. New Delhi. Meiotic configurations. Journal of Genetics Journal of Cytology and Genetics Cytologia Caryologia International Journal of Food Science and Technology M. Ruger W. Lewin. Genetics Fifth edition Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Canada. O.Principles and methods. J. S. 1980. Scientific American Books. The Macmillan Company. Delhi. S. Singh. Sharma. Sc. Swaminathan. Macmillan India Ltd. (Publishers) Ltd. Snustad D. 3.. P.. Co. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding biotechnological and conventional approaches. Kalyani Publishers. Jahier. 1975. I Arati Prakashan Aurangabad. K. Gupta. W. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. The theory of plant breeding. and Gosal S. 2000.

selection Unit 4: a) Hybridoma technology and stem cells b) Introduction to genomics. Unit 3: a) Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning. Any 8) 1. Effect of biofertilizers on growth of plant. 8. 4. Seed dressing and inoculation with Rhizobia 7. primary and secondary 8 metabolites and enzymes. Part II Syllabus… 8 7 4 4 4 3 b) Genetic engineering of plants: Aims.2: BIOTECHNOLOGY & GENETIC ENGINEERING Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Isolation and culture of bacteria. Enzyme / cell immobilization. Estimation of alcohol. importance. principles and techniques. 2.SEMESTER III BO 3. Bacterial transformation and genetic improvement of microbes. scope and importance b) Applications of plant tissue culture c) Techniques of enzyme and cell immobilization. construction of genomic and cDNA libraries and vectors Agrobacterium Mediated gene transfer. Sc. 10. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology: Concept. its application in industry 4 4 7 Unit 2: a) Bacterial Biotechnology: Bacterial nutrition and culture. 6. strategies for development of transgenic. scope and application of bacteria in agriculture with reference to biological nitrogen fixation. proteomics and bioinformatics c) Introduction to environmental biotechnology d) IPR: Concept. Study of bacterial growth pattern. 5. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. Isolation of root nodule bacteria. . biogas generation. 3. biological control and recycling of waste b) Microbial products: fermentation technology 7 production of microbial biomass. ecological risks and ethical concerns Practical (2 Units. M. Study of phyto-remedation 9. Production of alcohol by microbes.

Reinhert.L.and L.K. Cambridge.. Boyce. Aneja K. A/S. Razdan.: An Introduction to plant tissue culture oxford & IBH Pbl. Trends in Biotechnology. Fundamental Methods.K. Part II Syllabus… .D. P.: Experiments in Microbiology.Phillips : Plant Cell. Narosa Pub..-Ason Press Washington 1984. Biotechnology. Novo Industry. Wiley Estern Ltd.Bernard and Glick and J. M. 1986.Yadav: An Introduction to Microbiology.C.House. and Y..: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA.Ltd.Kapoor.Oxford & IBH. : Novo’s Handbook of Practical Biotechnology.2005 Kumar H. Plant pathology tissue culture and mushroom cultivation. New Delhi. M.J Pasternals. New Delhi 1996. New Delhi 1994. Molecular Biotechnology. Springer Verlag. New Delhi.Suggested readings: A Text Book of Biotech by R. Gamborg. Berlin.and K. Sullia and S Shantharam.P.J. Wiley Eastern Ltd. J. Cambridge Univ.H.Co. Roberts: Experiments in plant tissue culture. W. 1993. Tissue and organ culture.L. New Delhi. Trehan K. New Delhi.: Applied and fundamental aspects plant cell. 1985. K. C.C.B. 2nd Ed.. Bajaj. 1994. Sc. tissue and organ culture.G.S. Dodds.Press. O. General Microbiology by S. Vikas Pb. 1995.P.S. 1996. Weshwa Prakashan.Dubey.O. Pub. Tauro. 1977.

Regulation of electron transport chain and role of alternate oxidase. ‘P’ fractions in plants. RUBISCO and PEP Case. Organic acid metabolism –Metabolism and roles of oxalic acid. Role of Pyrophosphate in plant metabolism. Study of effect of light on chlorophyll biosynthesis. Estimation of starch. Regulation of Pentose Phosphate Pathway and TCA Cycle .Phosphorus nutrition – Forms of phosphorus in soil. Part II Syllabus… . Estimation of Polyphenols.Photosynthesis-A brief outline of chlorophyll biosynthesis and the pigment organization in thyllakoid membrane.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY`( Special Paper – I ) B O – 3. Regulation of PCR Cycle and C4 Pathway. Practicals :– Unit –I 1. Secondary metabolites –Shikimate Pathway and its role in biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites. Study of enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase. factors controlling 4.Respiration – whole plant respiration .31 Advanced Plant physiology and plant Biochemistry Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. Sc. Study of enzyme inorganic pyrophosphatase. C3 – C4 intermediates. 7. Unit –III 3. Study of Phosphorus distribution in different plant parts. Study of Oxalic acid accumulation in leaf tissue. Glycolysis in plants and its regulation . Estimation of Ascorbic acid. Study of enzyme polygalacturonase. 9. Unit –II 2. Phosphorus uptake. 10. 15 15 Unit –II M. To study the effect of potassium on glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase . 3. 11. 8. 5. 8 7 6. Estimation of Cellulose. 6. Synthesis and degradation of cellulose. 4. 2. 10 5 Unit –IV 5.Carbohydrate Metabolism – Regulation of starch and sucrose biosynthesis. A brief idea of pectin biosynthesis and enzymes involved in pectin degradation. ascorbic acid and malic acid . ‘P’ uptake.

G. C.R. S. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. M. USA).K. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. Wilkins. G. W. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Govindjee. (1998): The Plant Physiology. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. Bhargava S. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Krishnamurthy. Bonner. Marschner. Hopkins. and Agarwal P. II and III. Salisbury. C. Moore. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. D. H. R. H. B. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. H. K.V. S.. a laboratory manual.W. P.N.P. L. Sinha S. G. (1996): Plant Physiology. E. F. and Ziegler. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology.C. and Ross. and Varner.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. B.C. I & II. Journal of Experimental Botany. W.K. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. Steward F. Part II Syllabus… . Smith. Marcel Dekkar Inc. and Conn. M. Pessarkli. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. Edwards. F.K. The Plant Cell.. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. Sc. I & II. Pessarkli. Miller. Taiz. Mukharjee.N. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants.I. C. M. T. and Ghosh A. M. J. W. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. and Fritz. NY.C.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. J. Sane P. (1979): Plant Physiology. H. A Comprehensive Treatise. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Noggle. Stump. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. E. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. (1983): C3.Suggested readings:Bidwell. S. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Walker..

Taxonomy of Fungi (Special paper I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT -I 1. Micrometry : Study of micrometry and its significance in fungal taxonomy. 2. special culture media. Vegetative and Reproductive. stains and fixatives used. 10. histogram and polygon. Isolation of fungi from soil. air and host plant. Preparation of culture media. PDA. Culture : Types of culture media and their preparation. determination of standard deviation and Frequency distribution. Various systems of classification of fungi.9. Morphology : External and Internal. 11 04 15 15 04 04 04 03 Practicals (2 Units. 2. 4. Techniques of microtomy. Sc. Microtomy of fungal specimen. water. 5 & 6. b. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Czapeks Dox Agar and Richard’s medium. Microtomy : Types of microtomes. Part II Syllabus… . Measurement of fungal dimensions.3 & 4. g. 7. c. Host specificity.12. f.Measurement of spore size. a. Cytological and Genetics. UNIT -II 5. UNIT –IV 6. Ainsworth (1973) and b.11. Serological and Nutritional.8. 3. Webstor (1980).32. Status of fungi and research in Mycology and Plant Pathology in India: An overview. Ultrastructural and cultural. UNIT-II 7. General features of fungi. M.Semester III MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Criteria used in the classification of fungi. UNIT –III d. Physiological and Biochemical. e. their identification and Classification. a.

Sparrow. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology.L. H.A. (1960): Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi.REFERENCE BOOKS: Ainsworth. Sc. II. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology.(1940): Plant Microtechniques.(1975): Advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology.O..I-VIII.R.and A. C.(1909-50):Researches on Fungi Vol. Bessey. (1967): Morphology and Taxonomy of fungi Buller. G. Johanson.Mims(1979) : Introductory Mycology.(1989): Text Book of Fungi. III .E.and C.A.P.et al. Mycologia.S. I. H. Sharma.B. and A. E.A. Rangaswamy G. (1979): Taxonomy of fungi imperfecti.Vol.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.W. D. Part II Syllabus… . Alexopoulous.Sussman (1973): The Fungi.II. S.J.W. M. Kendrick. Canadian Journal of Botany. Journals Annual Review of Plant Pathology. Raychudhary .(1994): A Text Book of Botany: Fungi.Plant Pathology and Tissue Barnett. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.F. S.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.P. Aneja K.R.H. Gangulee.B. Pandey.R. Gangopadhyay S. IV-A and IV-B.K.K.

Smear preparations in Allium cepa. Cytological analysis of polyploidy in plants. Synaptonymal complex 10 Unit 2: a) Structural variations in chromosomes. b) Drosophila genetics: Life cycle. special type of chromosome. Triticale transfer of segment from align chromosome. euploidy and b) Alien genetic resources in crop improvement: Align addition and substitution lines. M. (03) 5. Study of Apomictic Chromosome. (2) 2. classification. Study of B chromosome in Maize/ Drimia. Mitotic and meiotic cell division 5 b) Meiosis: modes of meiosis. 3. Study of life cycle in Drosophila melanogaste. Tobacco. (02) 4. sources and consequences.I) B O 3. 9. chisma terminalization by using photographs) Pachytene analysis. 7. Structural hybrids. Meiotic analysis in plants (Stages. Genome analysis in wheat/ Gossypium. Coix lacriamajobi.r 10. Delphinium malbaricum. B-chromosome its origin and consequences aneuploidy. significance in plant breeding 8 7 8 7 7 b) Numerical variation in chromosomes. 8.33: CYTOGENETICS Total Lectures – 60 Unit 1: a) Introduction to cytogenetics. 11. Recombination models. types of apomixes in higher plants. chisma. Sc. Gene mapping and other uses. possibilities and limitations Unit 4: a) Apomixis. 6.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Genetic control of meiosis. Meiotic studies in structural hybrids (Rhoeo. Part II Syllabus… 8 . Any 8) 1. natural and induced polyploids Unit 3: a) Genome analysis in crop plants: Wheat. Study of aneuploidy and chromosome mapping in barely. mechanism and theories of crossing over. their cytological consequences. genetic regulation of development in Drosophila Practical (2 Units. Zea mays. Cotton. Special type of chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. chromosome disjunction. Setcreatia Cynotis). Induction of polyploidy using Colchicine.

Merz T. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. and Jones E.. 3. 7. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. M. Sc. 6. Gupta P. S. Swaminathan M. Plant Breeding and Evolution. K. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. K. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. Gupta P. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. P. Fikui K. 1998 Cytogenetics. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. Swanson C. Academic Press New York USA. Harti D. W.. 1973 Cytogenetics. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. 8. and Young J. R. Burgess Publishing Co. 1996 Plant chromosomes. and Sinha S. S. and Sinha U. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. Prasad G. Minnesota. New Delhi 9. Rastogi Publication Meerut. Karp G. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. 10. 5.I 1. Burnham C. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. and Nakayama S. Sinha U.Suggested readings: Special Paper. L. New Delhi. Kalyani Publishers. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. 1999 Cytogenetics. 2. Khush G. 4.

Land use classification. Sc. EC. Field visits to Industrial area. Fresh water Environment – Wind. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. UNIT 3: 4. tides. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. 10. composition. 11. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. Soils: formation. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. soil types of India. winds. 8.34 ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1.T. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i.light. Water: Resources and Management. Determination of organic matter from soil. ii.SEMESTER III (Special Paper – I) ENERGY. UNIT 2: 3.Classification of climate climographs. Study of soil profile. waves. TDS and TS). Marine Environment. UNIT 6: 6. 9. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. 4. Study of wilting coefficient. 5. 7. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies.currents. Study of EC and pH of the soil. Part II Syllabus… . 2. 6. planning and management. 2. Determination of BOD at R. currents. (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 1. pH. Law of limiting factors. soil profile. 3. UNIT 4: 5. TSS.

P. Das S. (1989) :Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical Methodology. (1990) :The Biosphere. K. Greig Smith P. A. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. Misra K. F. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. P. (1971) : Ecology. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. Odum E. K.R. M. C. R. M. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Watt K. and Das R. (1978) : Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. Sc. P. J. Misra R. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Kormondy E. I. (3rd ed. Pandeya S. J. Krebs C. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. Lieth H.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. (1996) : Concept of ecology. F. Odum E. (1973) : Principles of Environment Sciences. Kershaw K. C. E. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. ( 1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Freedman H. Part II Syllabus… . Grims J. Bradbury I.

SEMESTER III B O-3.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I)

Unit-I

1

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts, importance of taxonomy and need for classification, hierarchical classification, general and special purpose classifications, Alpha and Omega taxonomy, taxonomy as synthetic discipline.

4

2

THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000, systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity, the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity.

4

3

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus, Albert Magnus, Otto Brunfels, Jerome Bock, Andrea Cesalpino, Jean Bauhin, Joseph Pitton de Turnfort, John Ray; ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students; Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson, Jean B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, De Jussieu, De Candolle, Bentham and Hooker.

7

Unit-II

4

A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: 10 The evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace, i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler, Adoph Engler, Alfred Rndle, Karl Christian MezAugust A. Pulle, Carl Skottberg, B. Hayata; the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein,Charles E. Bessey, Hans Hallier, John Hutchinson, Oswald Tippo, Karl Mez, G. Gunderson, Lyman Benson.

5

RECENT

SYSTEMS

OF

CLASSIFICATIONS:

By

Armen

L.

5

Takhtajan, Authur Cronquist, R. M. T. Dahlgren and Robert F. Thorne. Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat, leaf structure, nodal anatomy, xylem and phloem, inflorescence, flower, androecium, pollen grains, gynoecium, placentation, ovules, seeds, seedlings and fruits. 5

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

7

TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa, Forms of scientific names; major categories: division, class, order, family; minor categories: genus, species and infraspecific categories.

3

8

NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]; Divisions; Principles; Nomenclatural

7

terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype, isotype, syntype, lectotype, paratype, neotype; Effective and Valid publication; Priority; Scientific names-Correct name, Autonym, Basionym, Homonym, Synonym, Tautonym; alternative, ambiguous, illegitimate, naked, rejected and superfluous names. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION, 15 ECONOMIC

INTERELATIONSHIPS,

PHYLOGENY

IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae, Lauraceae, Piperaceae, Aristolochiaceae,

Nymphaeaceae, Moraceae, Urticaeae, Casuarinaceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation, principle of priority, transfer of taxa, effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon, deposition of type, Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers, stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules, placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. • Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Urticaeae, Aristolochiaceae, Casuarinaceae, Papaveraceae, Dilleniaceae, Alismataceae, Aponogetonaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Lauraceae, 15

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Manilal, K. S. and M. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. DST, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi. • Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London. • Taylor, D. V. and L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • • • Takhtajan, A. 1962. Flowering plants- Origin and Dispersal. Hutchinson, J. 1959. Families of Flowering plants. Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC, Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M. Sc. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60

UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification, Brief idea of Plankton, Nekton, Benthos. Marine phytoplankton- dinoflagellates. nanoplankton, ultraplankton, coccoliths. MARINE FUNGI, ACTINOMYCETES, LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. CORALS, FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy, cytology, ultrastructure, salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae), Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Life histories of a few important species . UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek, Estuary, Lagoon and Delta. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’, Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves, East and West coast mangroves, Mangrove shores and forests. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae , Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae, Myrsinaceae, Acanthaceae etc. UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy, Distribution, Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy, distribution, adaptations, morphology, anatomical features. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Dune vegetation, Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 15 15 6 5 4

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Enteromorpha,Chaetomorpha, Ulva ,Caulerpa, Bryopsis etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Padina, Dictyota, Sargassum etc. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Gracilaria, Gelidium , Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus,Halophila etc.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex,Ipomoea etc.). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SUGGESTED READINGS :1. Chapman,V. J. (1976). Costal Vegetation. II nd edition Pergamon Press. New York. 2. Desikachary, T. V. (1975). Marine Plants. N. C. E. R. T. New Delhi. 3. Kumar H.D. Delhi. 5. McConnaughey,B. H (1974). Introduction to Marine Biology. 6. Ranade, D. R. & Gadre, R. V. (1988). Laboratory Manual., M.A.C.S. Pune. 7. Sambamurthy,A.V.S.S.(2005). A Text Book of Algae. 8. Santhanam, R.; Ramnathan,N.; Venkataramanjan K. & Jegathanam,G. (1987) . Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. & Aspects of Marine Botany.Daya Publication Home. Delhi. 9. Sen Neera and Kumudranjan Naskar, (2003). Algal Flora of Sundarbans. Mangal Daya 10. Stein, J. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press. 11. Trainor,F. R. Introductory Phycology. 12. Vashishta, B. R. (1995). Algae S. Chand and co. Ltd., new Delhi. Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Introduction to Phycology. 4. Kumar H.D. and H.N.Sing (1990). Algae. Affiliated East West Press pvt. Ltd. publ. New

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER- I) B 0 3. 37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE- I Theory (4 Units, 60 Lectures)

Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture, laboratory design and

development, operation and management (3); b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture, factors influencing morphogenesis, Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7); c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling, sterilization technique, equipment and apparatus, procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture, Callus formation and its culture, Callus desiccation, organogenesis, meristem culture, axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10); b) Somaclonal variation; selection (5).

Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture, embryo rescuing, synseed (4); b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2); c) Cell suspension culture, cell line isolation (5); d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology; conservation, operation, maintenance, management (10); b) Cryopreservation, its importance and future prospects (5). Practical (2 Units, Any 8) 1&2. Media preparation 3. Sterilization techniques 4&5. Callus culture 6&7. Organogenesis 8&9. Cell suspension culture 10. 11. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses, agro based industries (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1)

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

1966.and Razdan. G. 3. Bhojwani. Narayanswamy. Sc. Tissue culture. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. S. McMillan Publ.1976. 5.A.A. 11.K.K. Plant tissue culture. Thorpe.R. S. Cambridge Uni. Reddy. England.Reston Publishing Co.C. Oxford. S.Academic Press. N. New York. Old. 10. New York. theory and practice.and Roverts. New Delhi.a practical approach. Jodhpur. Oril Press Oxford.Microbial biotechnology. tissue and organ culture fundamental Methods.1997. Press. Co.. D.V.P.H.W. Reinsert.P.Ltd.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture..Plant cell and tissue culture. III. S. tissue and organ culture. Vasil. I.Inc. 1974. Purohit.and Primerose. L. Hand book of plant cell culture vol.1973. M.Greenhouse operation and management.plant tissue culture.Cell culture and somatic cell genetics of plants (I). 4. Pvt.and Venkataraman.1984. 13. Berlin. 2. Part II Syllabus… . India. Nelson.1997. 14. Y.Narosa Publishing House. O. New York.. press.and Phillips. Plant cell culture. 12. Ravishankar. New Delhi.Laboratory procedures and their applications.Plant cell. G. 1985.S. Cambridge Uni.1997. Gamborg.L. S. Springer Verlag. L.Tata McGraw Hill Publishers. 9.Principles of gene manipulation. Heidelberg. II.Molecular embryology of flower plants. Elsevier Publ.W. J. 1997. Srivastava. K. Scientific Publishers. 7.Plant. V. R. P.and Bajaj.M.E.Academic Press..Blackwell. I.B. Academic Press Inc. H.1985. 8.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Doddas. Evans et al 1983.1981. 1983. T.A. and Reddy. Dixon. R. Street H.V.2002. Raghavan. 6.S.I 1. Experiments in plant tissue culture. J. New York 15.

and mutants in physiological studies. A brief idea about role of plant growth retardants a)CCC. 3. Hormonal regulation of leaf and petal senescence. 5. 5. Unit –III 6. 9. Photomorphogenesis . 10. Plant movements – Phototropism. Study of changes in starch / protein content during seed development. To study the effect of different PGRs on seedling growth M. Unit –IV 8. geotropism and nastic movements.Biochemical changes during senescence of leaves and petals and regulation of senescence. Senescence and PCD. Study of changes in RNA and Proteins during senescence. Programmed Cell Death. 7. 6. Effect of chemical compounds on pollen germination. leaf and flower. 04 4. Sc. role and possible mechanism of action of a)Triacontanol. 2. c)Trizoles d)TIBA. Pollen germination –Physiology of pollen germination and pollen stigma interaction. 2. Study of lipid accumulation during development of oil seeds. Unit –II 7. History and discovery of phytochromes and cryptochromes and their photochemical and 11 04 biochemical properties .Growth and Morphogenesis-Meristems in plant development. Plant Growth Regulators – A brief idea about discovery. A brief idea about development of plant organs: root. Metabolism of leafy vegetables during storage. Study of changes in respiration rate during ripening of fruits. mechanism of action of photomorphogenetic receptors. A brief idea about role of tissue culture. roles . Part II Syllabus… 06 03 06 . stem. b)Brassins.41 Plant Growth and Development (Special Paper II) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. Study of enzyme acid phosphatase during ripening of fruits. 4. d)Jasmonates e)Polyamines . 8. cellular localization. A brief idea about phytochrome biosynthesis. c)Salicylic acid. Unit –II 3. Post harvest Physiology –Ripening of fruit and its regulation. b)Maleic hydrazide.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY B O 3. Seed Development –Biochemical changes during development of seeds. 15 Practicals:Unit –I 1.

Bhargava S. Hopkins.K.N. F. Sc. Salisbury. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. Taiz. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Sinha S. M. Marcel Dekkar Inc. E. J. S. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. Smith. USA). and Conn. II and III. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. P. and Ross. Walker. W. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.C. C. B. T. Marschner. D. H. H. G. (1979): Plant Physiology. H. The Plant Cell. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant.V. E. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. Edwards. S. and Fritz. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. M. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. G. C... Krishnamurthy.P. and Ziegler. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. F.K. Govindjee. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. K.K. M. Journal of Experimental Botany. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. (1983): C3. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Miller. Bonner. L. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. Steward F. Moore.Suggested readings:Bidwell.N. and Ghosh A. Stump. J. (1998): The Plant Physiology. W. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. H. W. and Agarwal P. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. and Varner. I & II.W. Wilkins. (1996): Plant Physiology. Mukharjee. A Comprehensive Treatise. S. G. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. NY. Sane P. Noggle. I & II. Pessarkli. C. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. M. B.R..I. a laboratory manual.C. Pessarkli.C. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. R.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. Part II Syllabus… .

10. Photosynthesis. 11 & 12. application of immunological techniques. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. physiological specializations. Nucleic acids.2 & 3. 8 & 9. Amylolytic enzymes.Production of Pectolytic. alternic Acid. Victorin. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. gene for gene hypothesis. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. UNIT-IV 5. Cellulolytic. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. 6. Fusaric acids. 4. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. Proteins. aflatoxins. Cellulolytic . Pectolytic. Bacterial. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Bacteria and Viruses. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. Sc.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. UNIT. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. UNIT-III 4. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Immunoglobulines. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. protein for protein hypothesis. Part II Syllabus… . phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Respiration. UNIT-II 3. Toxins lycomarsmine.II 7. Deficiency of micronutrients. Fungal and Nematode.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Piricularin. M. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. 5. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. 2. antigen and antibody reaction.

REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. and R. II. and P.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants. S.(1980) : Plant Pathology. Epidemics and Control. M. Uni. Rangaswamy G. (1994): Clinic al Plant Pathology.U. G. Padoley.K. A.A. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.A. H. Ny vall. Singh.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases.A. J. Sc.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. and A.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.K.E. Fiber and Oilplants.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.S. S.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). R.N. S.R. Aneja K. R. Paul Khurana. Mahadevan. Plank.P.M.S. R. Gangulee.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.London and New York. Part II Syllabus… . Of California Press.S. Gangopadhyay S.(1963): Plant Diseases.B.E.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke.J.F. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. Plank J. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. Kuijit. A.

SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. 10. Heat and cold resistance (10). 5. Components of variance. Triallele. partial diallele. Any 8) 1. b) Mutation breeding (5). (02). Estimation of heritability 7. Metroglif analysis. Sc. (02). Exploration and collection of germplasm. Quarantine. data storage and retrieval 4. (02) (02). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). 9. Drought. Assessment of variability. Designing field experiments 8. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). Line tester. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). (02). Selection under domestication. b) Domestication. Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). Generation mean analysis. Germplasm collection. Part II Syllabus… . and Acclimatization of plants (2). c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. conservation and utilization (2). Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. Genetic diversity (7). Practical (2 Units. Genetic erosion. Salinity. seedling growth and on mitosis 2. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. D2 analysis. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. Introduction. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 3. cataloging. 6.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) M.

15.R. Kalyani Publishers. FAO/IAEA Symposium (Vol 1&2)Vienna 6. Micke A. R. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 5. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. and Smith D. . 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. Cytologia 5. 1989 Plant Breeding . 18. D. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. 13. 3. B. New Delhi. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. K. Salt and Other stresses.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. 21: 932-946. Levitt J. CRC Press Florida. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 4. 2000. and Singh B. New Delhi. Academic Press. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. 12. Co. Vijendra Das L. Gamma Field Symposia No. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. Journals: 1. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. D. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 7. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 8. Ludhiana. Sharma. Ltd. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. A. Sharma J.II 1. 10. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Journal of Genetics 3. 17. Chopra V. New York. 11. D. Rosielle A. Bulm A. Immer F. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. Caryologia 6. Principles and practice of plant breeding.M. and Khna S. New York. K.C. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. 7. W. Part II Syllabus… .stress environments Crop Sci.Principles and methods. Pvt. Fehr W. New Delhi. Singh. R. 16. A. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. Singh R. Kalyani Publishers.. Siddiqui B. Hays H. and Hamblin J. J. 2. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 4. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . Sc. Plant breeding.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. 9. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 14. R.Special Paper. 8. Ltd. Poehlman J. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. Allard R. 2. L.

Community Periodism. UNIT 2: 1) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. stratification.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Human Population Dynamics and predication. 5. 2. community stability. Biodiversity in India. Global biodiversity.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Determination of association index. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. Hot spots.Ecotone and Edge effect. Conservation of Biodiversity. Regulation of communities. Ecotypes. Threats to Biodiversity. etc. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. Study of stratification and physiognomy. Study of population dynamics. Determination of similarity index. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . Density dependant and Independent Regulation.Global and Indian. Genecology-Ecads. (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. community M. Indian Biodiversity (15) Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. 4. 3. Study of the Litter production. E) Community as Indicator.Role of Different factors.

(3rd ed. Yadav. C. and Higashi. (1996): Biodiversity: A biology of numbers and differences. J. T. S. S. H. S. A. (1961): The Plant Community.. Study of Vegetation by transect method.): Biodiversity an Ecological Perspective. and Clements. (1996) (4th ed. Odum E.1990) : The Biosphere. Determination of IVI. Shukla. S. (1978) : Ecology. Suggested readings:• Abe. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bradbury I. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. S. Pandeya S. J. (1983): Plant Ecology. K. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Krattiger. (1979): Elements of Ecology. S. and Chandel. H. P. Walter. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. S. Willis. 8. and Churchill. J. J. J. 10. Greig Smith P. Galston. and Singh. P. 9. C. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of Geobiosphere. (1973): Introduction to Plant Ecology. et al (1994): Widening Perspectives on Biodiversity. A. G. (1990): Principles of Environmental Biology. P.K..Community function – Biomass production measurement.): Concept of ecology. Kormondy E. A. (1968) : Research methods in plant ecology. R. M. M. J. (1997) (ed. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. Visit to local protected or conserved area. N. Part II Syllabus… . Hamdan. E. G. E. C. 7. J. II. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. I. Biomass profile for the community. Study of community bisects. Nair. Krebs C. P. K. (1997): Progress in Ecology vol. Sc. Misra K. (1938): Plant Ecology. Levin. Brij Gopal and Bhardwaj. S.UNIT 6: 6. and Singh. Weaver. F. D. (1979). Puri.

chromosome banding. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. ecological variations. exine stratification. construction of taxonomic groups. discrimination. Cladastics and classification. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. ECOLOGY. karyotype. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. precipitation reaction. applications. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. measurement of resemblances. antisera antibody. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. excrescences. character coding. chemical protein analysis procedures. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. scope and limitations. 7 cladogram. Basic chromosome number. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. adaptations. 7 M. cluster analysis. symmetry. techniques of protein electrophoresis. serology and taxonomy: history. phenons and ranks. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. application of serological data in systematics. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. techniques. palynogram. parsimony analysis. OUTs. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. Part II Syllabus… . techniques. merits and demerits.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. genetic variations and plant systematics. L/O pattern. unit characters. NPC of pollen. chromosome morphology. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. antigen. aneuploidy. classes of compounds and their biological significance. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. Sc. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins.

8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Asteraceae. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Lentibulariaceae. Orchidaceae. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Costaceae. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Dioscoriaceae. vessels. Sc. Unit-IV 10 MORPHOLOGICAL. Cuscutaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. VARIATIONS. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. SEM and plant surface stucture. Pontederiaceae. Burmanniaceae. Boraginaceae. Plantaginaceae. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. Lobeliaceae. • • Study of chomosomes. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis M. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Part II Syllabus… . INTERELATIONSHIPS.

The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Vikas Publ. Lentibulariaceae. House. S. 1952. New Delhi. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. Columbia University Press. G. 1979. Boraginaceae.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. Costaceae. M. 1952. Embryology of Angiosperms.) Allen Press. S. Sc. 1984. Angiosperms. New York. Today and Tommorow Publications. U. S. • • Fahn. Angiosperms.A. A.Unit-II • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. Dioscoriaceae. H. • Cronquist. Pontederiaceae. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. 1988. Heywood 1991. • Cronquist. 1985. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. • Johri. Lobeliaceae. New York. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. 1984. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Part II Syllabus… . P. New Delhi. and Bhatnagar.. (Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. and V. A. Ind. Sc. P. Plant Anatomy. • Maheshwari. H. Burmanniaceae. New Dehli. Nat. Sketching. Erdtman. Tata McGraw Hill. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.S. Stockholm. Co. Asteraceae. G. Hafner Publ. Cuscutaceae. P. 1981. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. Almquist and Wiksell. M. • Erdtman. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. classification and identification of families: Gentianaceae. • Davis. Acad. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Plantaginaceae. New Delhi. B.

London. V. V. • Judd Walter S. and M. Kollogg.) Butterworths. K. Ltd. A. E.. Donald. 1966. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. • Naik. J. INC. New Delhi. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. New Delhi. 1980. Periodical Expert Book Agency. Co. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. Ltd. New Delhi. New Delhi . S.] 1998. Massachusetts. and N.F. and M. • Shivanna. L. • Taylor. Sinauer Associates. J. P. K. K. Blakie Academic & Professional. 1992. D. S. J. London. K. New Delhi. Stevens P. • Quicke. and L. Oxford and IBH Publ. M. Springer-Verlag. Hickey 1997. Tracey. 1984. S. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. and M.• Manilal. 1993... Flowering Plants: Origin. M. N. Plant Systematics. R.A Laboratory Manual. 1951. Part II Syllabus… . Muktesh Kumar [ed. DST. Cmpbell C. 1956. Pollen Biology. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. Sc. USA. • Lawrence George H.Publishers. • Paech. V. Donoghue 2008. K. Rangaswamy. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm.Sunderland. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Vol-I & II. Pvt. S. Evolution and Phylogeny. • Nair.

Low molecular weight compounds in algae. in mangroves. Uptake. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. Photorespiration. Induction of CAM. Accumulation of free amino acids. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. Significance of vivipary. selective ion absorption. Part II Syllabus… .Essential elements.46 BO-3. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour.M. Sc. vitamins for growth of algae. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Factors affecting. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Leaf succulence. Role of aspartate. Metabolic role of essential nutrients.light absorption. Salt glands in mangroves. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Ultrastructure of salt glands. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. properties and extraction of Agar. Chemical structure. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. effect of low light condition. 5 MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. Membrane transport under salinity. photosynthetic rate. Availability in sea water. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Photosynthetic enzymes. Sc. of these compounds.

4. IInd edition Pergamon Press. R. Gerald. (1972) : Algae and Man. (1974) : Algal Physiology & Biochemistry. M. V. (2005) : A Text Book of Algae. 7. (1973) : Handbook of Phycological & Biochemistry. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. 3. F. Waisel Y. 6. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suggested Readings :1. Cambridge University Press. (1976) : Costal Vegetation.Lumnitzera etc. Part II Syllabus… . 5. (1982) : The Biology of Marine Plants. b) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. Plenum Press. Chapman. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. C.c. London and New York. J. Ring M. d. phycobilins etc. W. 2. c) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. chlorophyll a. e) Determination of organic matter content from sediment. d) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. Sc. (1972) : Biology of Halophytes Academic Press. S. A. (1985) : Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. Jackson D. S. S. Sambamurthy. Lobban. J. Stein. 8. & Harrison. b . London. J. New York. 9.PRACTICAL COURSE II UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. Stewart. V. UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. carotenoids. E. D. Edward Arnold Publishers. P.

basic PCR. Practical (2 Units. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. application. southern northern and western blotting. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. c) Molecular research procedure. DNA sequencing. Gene amplification.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. 13. 6. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. protoplast technology (5). Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. 7&8. its modification. Unit 3: a) Isolation. 9&10 11. Part II Syllabus… .electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. Sc. gene synthesis machines (10). b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. b) Immunology (5). synthesis. DNA polymorphism (7). b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. chromosome walking and jumping (9). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). 5. Theory (4 Units. 12. Any 8) 1. construction of chimeric DNA. 4. Techniques of restriction mapping. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10).SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. 2&3. molecular probes. Unit 4: a) Genomics. dot and slot blots.

principles and practice. India ltd. Meerut. Chavala. Part II Syllabus… .J.1997. 2000. Joshi. Genetic Engineering.2001.R. 2. P. International Book Distributing Co.N. Washington 3.Agrobotanica. H. New Delhi. India. India.K. and Pasternak.Molecular Biotechnology. 1996. J. India. 7. I.1994. M. S. Himalaya Publishing House.Agrobios.Gene Biotechnology.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Mumbai. Mitra. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Kakralya. P. Rastogi Publisher. 6. B. B.and Ahuja. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Sc. 1998. Gupta.Mcmilan.Special Paper II: 1. ASM Press.1998. S. Jogdand. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.l.S. Elements of Biotechnology. 5. Glick. 4.

Inhibitor of respiration. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. Sub classification of C4 plants. carbon assimilation. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. Sulphate uptake. gibberellin. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Rubisco. cytokinin. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. transport. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. (09) (06) M. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. Sc. glyoxylate cycle. modern concept of electron lipids. reduction and assimilation. Unit -III 5. mechanism of electron and proton transport. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 3. regulation of nitrogen fixation. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. Nitrogenase.the Calvin cycle. 4. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. “nif” genes. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 1. Anaerobic respiration. significance of photorespiration. photooxidation of water. 2. phloem loading and unloading. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. passive and active solute transport.1. Part II Syllabus… . membrane transport of proteins. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. ethylene and ABA. transamination. (09) and modification of CAM. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake.

salinity. Unit –II 6) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. Sc. 7) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. e. Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination M. with paper chromatography. floral induction and development. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. 3) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants.genetic and molecular analysis. 8) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. role of vernalization. freezing and heat stress. 4) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. phospholipids signaling. endogenous clock and its regulation. metal ion stress.proteins. receptors and G. protein kinases and phosphatases. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 1) Study of enzyme ATPase 2) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap.6. (09) 8. (06) Unit –IV 7. 9) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. role of cyclic nucleotides. specific signaling mechanisms. 5) Study of enzyme lipase. Part II Syllabus… . Signal Transduction: -Overviews. The flowering process: Photoperiodism and its significance.g.

(1976): Introductory Plant Physiology.E. (2004): Plant Physiology.A.I. 10. 6. II. 7.B. J. and Zeiger F. Gregory. Beevers.N. Sc.(1990): Plant Physiology. Noggle. (1996) Plant Physiology. J. 3. IV. and Varner.Reference Books1. G. E. 15. 16. Miller. 5. IX and XII. Taiz L. Wilkins. Part II Syllabus… . 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. II and III. Devlin.M. Comprehensive M. F. (1969. and Fritz. 11. M. and ghosh A. 2. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis.R. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.P. 9. and Conn. F. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. G. 8.B. and Ross. 13. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. W. Levitt. Salisburry. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. Marschner. G. H. 4. Pessarkli M. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. J. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. A Treatise Vol. Epstein.B. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. 14. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.V. 12. Bonner. E. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. F. Stump. Krishnamurthy.N. 17. Mukharjee S. III. (1971): The biology of Flowering. H. R. II nd Edition. Salisbury.

Lateral roots . abnormal male gametophyte and their function. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. generative cell. Unit –II 5. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style.Determination. Part II Syllabus… . Stigma surface proteins. (04) 3. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. pollen tube. central wall. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. antipodal. 3. (05) 4. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. pollen wall. nucellus. Pollen wall proteins. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Sc. endosperms. 7. Eggs. ovary. experimental induction and partial importance. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . apomixis. consequences and significances of (04) (04) (06) molecular aspects of SAM.microbes interaction. embryo culture and their significance. Chemotropism.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. root. root hairs. 6. causes. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 2. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 1. Polyembryony: Classification. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 1.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. Causes. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. Vesscular tissue differentiation . Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. 4. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids.(04) 2. Application:Utility in systematics.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. M. Post fertilization events.

S. application in crop productivity. Tabacco. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots 5. (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:.foraging behaviour of bees . pollen calendar and importance. 3. properties of pollen. Agropalynology: Pollen viability.) origin of lateral roots . and L. (02) (02) (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 1. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. trichomes. Pistia. pollen and spore allergy. techniques. 5. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. 2. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. pollen analysis. types of stomata . Jussieua etc. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. unifloral multifloral honey. (Mango.to Paleopalynology : Principles. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. microfossil groups and oil exploration. aerial roots of banyan . Sc. Aeropalynology: Principles. 2. Study of polyembryonic seeds. M. stomata. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. Examine of L. 7. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe.S. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. pollen germination.S. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. 4. 4. 3. 6. Study of leaf anatomy – structure.Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Part II Syllabus… . pollen storage and their significance. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. Citrus) Anatomy: 1. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony.

E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. P. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. Fahn.53:53-79. B M. H. Part II Syllabus… . Bot. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. E J. K. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. Easau.Palynology: 1 2 3 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . G. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson.1965: Physiological Masueth. J D. K. M A.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. C R and L Chalk. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. Bot. Stanley. R. R G and F. and M C Danials. M.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari.Res. A. structure Anatomy: Barnova. Cutter. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. P. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. Biochemistry management Shivanna. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method.L.Rev. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons Solender. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. 40:2157 Emmes. 4 5 Study of allergic plants and their pollen. Sc.

K. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. G. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. Nair. Pandey and Chadha. Y. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. Heslop-Harrison. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology .Palynology Cunningham. Nair. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. Tilak. Part II Syllabus… . S T. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. Erdtman. Gregory. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Fageri. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. P H. . 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. structure and function.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. A Laboratory manual.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. K and J Inversen. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Bhattacharya. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. Sc.

A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. (05) 6.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. Sc.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants.Generation of reactive oxygen species.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Wetland and non wetland species. Phytoremediation. Transgenic approaches. Mechanism of UV tolerance. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Water stress . ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Role of HSP. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Effect of UV radiations on plants.4. Drought hardening. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. Mechanism of stomatal action. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Unit –II 3. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Transgenic approaches.60 Unit –I 1. Ionic stress . Part II Syllabus… . zinc). Genetic engineering for salt tolerance.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. (09) (07) 4. (08) 2. Transgenic approach.Nature of waterlogging stress. Salt stress . (05) 7. Radiation stress .Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Photoprotection mechanisms. Cold hardening. Thermal stresses . Drought effect on physiological processes in plants.Definition of saline soil. Causes of soil Salinization. (05) (06) M. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Effect of ROS on metabolism. Flooding stress . Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Oxidative stress . Unit –III 5. Antitranspirants.

10. M. Kozlowski. of disease resistance. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. M.M. S. (06) 9. Gaseous stress . Practicals:Unit –I 1) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 2) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. J. 3) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. and Orcutt.C. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. 5) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. (1972): Crop Physiology. 2. 4. U. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. Hale. Gupta. 7. Gupta.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. Biochemical mechanism (09) Suggested readings:1.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. A. S. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. Allelopathy. and Hay. U. N. 6. L. Sc. 4) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. K. T. H. D. Unit –II 6) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance.T. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. 5.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. K. 3. 8.Unit –IV 8. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. Evans. Fageria. Cherry. T. S.(1972): Crop Physiology. R. Part II Syllabus… . 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. M. 9. Fitter.

Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Sc. Y. J. NY. Taiz L. R. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. 22. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. Srivastava. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. Levitt. K. and Cramer.Pessarkli. K. 14.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Marschner. M. (1980): Plant Pathology. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. P. 21. and Sarin M. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Journal of Experimental Botany. Mansfield.G. Paleg. 28. 27. and Gale. H. M. Pojakoff Mayber A. McLaren. C. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. (1969. 18. Everymans Science. Marcel Dekkar Inc.C. 12. (1982): Tropical tree crops. I. Turner.D. N. D.11. 13. W.K. 23. S.S. Plant Physiology (USA).A. (1975): Plants in saline environment. Sane P. 20. 16. Rice.N. J. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.. E.J. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). and Aspinal. Sharma. L. Asana.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Yawalkar and Agarwal. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. M. 29..K. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Bhargava S. 19. and Gupta. J. 26. S. Sinha S. L. and Agarwal P. Manures and fertilizers.V. L. 25. and Zeiger F. Nickell. Environmental pollution. Mehrotra. 17. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Part II Syllabus… . L. C. Upeke. Pessarkli. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. I & II. R. 15.G.S. N. 24.

diseases and their control.development and their maintenance. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms.improvement. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. 6. 3. 4. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry.I 1. Cultivation of mushroom. 15 Practicals (2 Units. Pleurotus spp. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. UNIT-II 4. 2. 11 & 12. Sc..Semester. Preparation of spawn: Grain. 7. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins.III 5. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. Study of strain maintenance using different methods.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. Production of Ergot alkaloids. Commercial fungal strain : selection.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. Edible fungi.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. Perlite and manure spawn. 05 3. cost benefit analysis. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. 2. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. UNIT. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Part II Syllabus… . M. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. 9 & 10. 5 & 6. UNIT-II 7 & 8. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites.

S.P.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. . Chang. 11.A.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. A. 13. R. Prescott. and Barry. W. and Fletcher. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins.T.. 10. 19. D. (1975): Mould. L. A. 18. Barger.(1959): Industrial Microbiology.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.F. 2. Rhodes.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. M.F. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I.(1970): The Yeast. A.and Gaze. 16.S.H. Dodge. 15. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. 3.II and III. Onions.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture.REFERNCE BOOKS: 1. W.M. C. and Dunn. 20. Rose.J. 7. Casida. 17. 4. Sc. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. Aneja K.I Industrial Mycology Vol.Jr.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology.H. Lodder. 9.D. 8. and R. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. Gray.(1961): Industrial Microbiology. Part II Syllabus… . Smith. S.O.White.R. G.W.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms.D.(1935):Industrial Mycology. 14.C. 12. 6. Christensen. J.C.T.:The filamentous fungi Vol.D.D. Singer.G. and Hays.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms.M. J. Whipps.D.E. J.L.R. R.W. Fletcher.H. 5.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. Allsopp and H.

b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. 7. 3. Part II Syllabus… . Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. fine structure and deletion mapping). 12. Transformation. using phagemid vectors. production of recombinant DNA molecules. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). conjugation and Transduction. Media preparation for microbial cultures. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). coli. Study of southern blotting (02). Genetic exchange in bacteria. Study of bacterial transduction (02). Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. Study of bacterial conjugation (02).III) B O 4. coli and Agrobacterium. M. Isolation. 5.an overview (Mutants. amplification using vectors. 2.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. 10. Post transcriptional. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. Sc. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). 9. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. T4 genetic map. genetic recombination in phage. Genes from plastids and nuclei. construction of genomic libraries. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). culturing and growing E. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. Any 8) 1.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. Practical (2 Units. Study of transformation (02). translational.

Unwin Hyman Publication London. T. Singh B. 12.III 1. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. Journal of Experimental Botany 7. New Delhi. 6th Edition W. Miller J. J. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical M. Wolfe S. Jain H. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. New Delhi. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. 2000 Genes IV. 7. R. 9. D. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 6. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. Brown T. 1998 Genomes. Oxford University Press. California USA. Ltd. Twyman R. S. Charles E. M. New York. Ltd. 4. 1999 Genetics Principles. K. 5.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Gupta P. Concepts and Implications. 10. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Part II Syllabus… . B. and W.. C. Viva Books Pvt. W. Pvt. VI. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Alberts B. Griffith A. F. Lewin. Caryologia 5. Merrill Publishing Company London. L. Stickeberger M. New Delhi.. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Suzuki D. H. K. S. Cytologia 4. Klug W. Lewontin R. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 3. 6. New York. 8. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. and Cummings M. 2. Wadwith Publishing Co. 3. Annual review of Microbiology 2. M. Latchman D. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. . Sc. A. H. V. 11. Freeman New York. Journals: 1.

SEMESTER IV ENERGY. 10. (7) UNIT 2: 4. Biomass production by the species. (3) 3. Energy from wastes. geographic (LAI). Sc. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. UNIT 4: 9. techniques of producing biomass energy plants.Conceptual model. Hydrogen fuel. Biological methods. 6. leaf area index 5. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Conservation of energy ` (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) M. Part II Syllabus… . Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. Ecosystem modeling. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. seed (5) germination. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 1. Methods of primary productivity measurements. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. 2. Global primary productivity patterns. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. physical anatomy. Transects. (8) 8.SPECIAL PAPER-III BO-4. Working model. (5) distribution. species environment (microclimate). Bisects.

4. Determination of calorific value of wood. 10. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. 11.Practicals. 9. Sc. Ecological data collection for computer use. 2. aquatic M. Use of ecological model in the field study. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. UNIT 6: 6. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 7. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. Part II Syllabus… . Study of rooting of the cuttings. 3. Study of Leaf Area Index. Setting up an ecological model. 5. 8. Study of population growth curve.

K. R. Pandeya S. (1996) : Concept of ecology. Kershaw K. Kormondy E. J. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Lieth H. Greig Smith P. (1971) : Ecology. A. R. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. Bradbury I. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. Grims J. Krebs C. C. Odum E. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. (1978) : Ecology. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. (3rd ed.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. F.P. Sc. Misra R. Odum E. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Watt K. and Das R. Misra K.K. M. (1989) : Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical methodology.M. (1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. F. Freedman H. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Das S. P. J. Part II Syllabus… . I. C. (1973): Principles of Environment Sciences.1990) : The Biosphere. P. E.

synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Duthie. location of type specimens. world floras and manuals. T. N. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. glossaries. analysis and data presentation. catalogues.Semester IV B O-4. concepts of species. scope and limitations. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. bibliographies. Roxbugh. Biological and alternative species concepts.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Santapau.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. outstanding botanical libraries. Cooke. Brandis. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. tabular and lateral keys. Thomas Thomson. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. 5 M. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). C. color charts. Wallich. Robert kid. Buchnan. biographical references. William Griffith. D. their merits and demerits. Parkinson. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. Van Rheede. Fyson. Typological. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. training and conservation of plants. its role in research and teaching. Sc. John Koenig. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. Prain. Part II Syllabus… . computerized keys. John Burman. cenospecies. review serials. cultivated and economic plants. steps in biosystematic study. acosta. concept of genus and family. dictionaries.Nominalistic. 5 camparium. monographs and revisions. dictionaries and addresses. ecospecies. dates of publication. maps and cartography. Haines. periodicals. Robert Wight. methodology. methods in biosystematic studies. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. Gamble. J. concept of species.

Araceae. Salicaeae. Lecythidaceae. Araceae. catastrophic. Arecaeae. SYSTEMATIC 5 POSITION.quantum. Lecythidaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae. Pandanaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Bigoniaceae. Tiliaceae. Arecaeae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Tiliaceae. • • • Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Pandanaceae. local ecological. classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae. Lemnaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Salicaeae. Caricaeae. M. Sc. phyletic. Passifloraceae. geographic.8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation. Clusiaceae. speciation and evolution of species. Passifloraceae. Mayrean. Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Bigoniaceae. Caricaeae. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae. Sketching.

Columbia University Press. H. Heywood 1991. 1997. S. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Flowering Plants: Origin. Wiley Eastern limited. Today and Tommorow Publications. 1993. and V. J. Massachusetts. New York. R. Cmpbell C. • Judd Walter S. H. A. (2ed. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. U. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy.) Allen Press. Evolution and Phylogeny. • Naik. • Davis. R. Ltd. Donoghue 2008. Part II Syllabus… . Ltd. 1994.S. Sc. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.F. M. Rao. Sinauer Associates.. New Delhi . J. • Quicke. and B. J. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. A. k. London. Donald. D. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. P. • Cronquist.Selected Readings • Cronquist. 1988. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. A. E. Dehra-Dun. Johri 1985. Plant Breeding Systems. Blakie Academic & Professional.A. 1951. M. 1994. J. Hickey 1997. V. New Delhi. Plant Systematics.) Chapman and Hall. Pvt. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.Publishers. Oxford and IBH Publ. 1981. INC. A.Sunderland. CBS Publishers & Distributers. and M. K. V. Stevens P. Cambridge. Kollogg. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.. • Taylor. Co. • • Richard. • Lawrence George H. • Endress Peter. New Delhi. New Delhi. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. USA.. 1984. New Delhi. M. R. N. and L. • Shivanna. L.

tidal action. Biomagnification. etc ) and Geological (oceans. nutrients) Physical ( light. Natural and anthropogenic stress . Vivipary and its role in mangroves. Toxic metal pollution. Sea as an environment. 5 10 5 10 5 PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. Biotic factors . physiological. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Role of phytoplankton.Chemical (salinity. affecting. distribution.M. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. morphological adaptations in mangroves. temperature. distribution and types. Concept of Marine Park. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . reef algae. Part II Syllabus… . Types of Coasts. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. waves. 10 CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. diversity. Abiotic factors . UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. CO2. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. Sc. Human impact. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. sewage. pesticide.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . Detritus based food chain. Calcification. Ecological significance. Sc. Oceans. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. wind. Estuaries. Anatomical. factors M. 9 UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. O2. Oil. Threats and conservation measures.floral and faunal components. sources and impact. ocean floor)factors.

Vol. (1985). J. c) Study of salts glands. Costal Vegetation. Sc. trichomes. Publ.P. Current trends in life science. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. I and II. Dwijendra Narayan Guha . New York. pH. J (1985). C. Naya Prakash. H (1974). New Delhi. Mangrove Swamps of the • Naskar. and chlorinity of seawater . Vol.C. & Harrison. Marine Botany. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. Introduction to Marine Biology. S. J. P. Gerald. An Ecological Perspective.23: Agromicrobes. Dawson (1960). e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. Naskar.Bakshi. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species.Cambridge University Press.B. Kumundrajan and Rathindranath Mandal (1999). Marine Botany Physiology and Ecology of Seaweeds. Chand and Co. Daves. Algae . Suggested Readings :• • • • • Chapman. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. Lobban. Kumudranjan. M. Ltd. New Delhi. • Pandey B. Part II Syllabus… . salinity. II nd edition Pergamon Press. (1994). Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. Sundar bans. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. • • McConnaughey. sclerides in mangroves ..V. E. Today and Tomarrow. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. S. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. (1976).

D. Proceedings of Asian Symposium. • Ranade. . Today and Tomorrow . Macintosh (1988). Mangrove Ecology.• Parsons. Saenger. (1981) Elements of Marine Ecology.. Tait. R. Agromicrobes. & Gadre. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Sea Water Analysis. (2002). Zha. Springer. Sc. M. • • • Stein. M. M.J. Mangrove Environment Research Management. A. • • • Round Ecology. Cambridge University Press. R. N. Silviculture and Conservation. C.Y & Lalli. Publi. R. (1988). Rao and D.23. Kuala Lumpur. T.E. V. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… . Current Trends in Life Sciences Vol. R.N. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. R. V. P. (1999). J. Laboratory Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Maita. Soepadmo.

Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). and other related improvements in forest species Eg. 5. Pinus etc. Part II Syllabus… . 2&3. cell cultures. biotransformation. Anther. (5). Sc. edible antibodies (6). c) Molecular farming. (8). 4. 7. Hairy root culture. Ficus etc. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. Practical (2 Units. Applications in public sector (2). embryo culture. 6. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. edible vaccines. Gene banks (5).SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Factors affecting product yield. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). Somatic embryogenesis. reporter genes (4). selectable markers.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Any 8) 1.III) B O 4. M. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Study of synseeds. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). orchids. 10. Cell suspension culture. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. Study of transgenic plants. Preparation of biofertilizers. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. 8&9.Secondary metabolites from callus. Theory (4 Units. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. cell suspension. 11. Bioreactor. Tectona.

Glick.2001. Schlegel.and Venkataraman. Purohit. 6. 5. Chavala.1997.. Agricultural Biotechnology. Ravishankar. P.l. G. Meerut.1994. B. Sc.V. S. and Pasternak.Biotechnology.. India.and Ahuja. India. H.1994. Cambridge University Press. Elements of Biotechnology.S. Biotechnology in crop improvement. India. ASM Press. A. Trehan.G.Ltd.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.P.Wiley Eastern Ltd. International Book Distributing Co. 9.Microbial biotechnology.1997. 3.Agrobios.K. D.R.1995.R. Rastogi Publisher. Srivastava.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. 4. New Delhi.A.J. 8. New Delhi. New Delhi. B. M. K. Marcel Dekker. H.K. 1998. Washington. 1998.M. J. Scientific Publishers.. and Reddy. 2000.Molecular Biotechnology. New York. Part II Syllabus… . Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. I.Suggested readings : 1. Gupta. S. General microbiology. Pvt. Kakralya. Reddy. 2. L. 7. Altman. Jodhpur. H. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.

41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1) Crop growth and its regulation. Role of PGRs in flowering. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Factors influencing mineral uptake.Semester-IV B O – 4. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. (06) 2) Nutriophysiology .Photoperiodism and vernalization. lime and gypsum as soil additives. Physicochemical properties of soil.Physicochemical properties of soil. sex determination and fruit development. Part II Syllabus… . Biotonics. (09) M. Sc. Foliar applications of mineral elements. CO2 as a fertilizer. (06) (09) 4) Reproductive physiology:. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) Ethylene and post harvest physiology.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Harvest index. Unit –II 3) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. Factors controlling crop productivity. Biofertilizers. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture.

D. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:25. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. 30. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. K.C. (1972): Crop Physiology. 33. LAI. Sc.) 3. J. S. H. M. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. Gupta. 28. Cherry.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. Practicals:Unit –I 1. 32. and Orcutt. 29. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. Gupta. Fitter. NAR. T. weedicides and their mode of actions. Fageria. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). 7) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops.M. T. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. U. L. etc. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls.4) Determination of N. N. Kozlowski. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. R. 31. 26. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR.(1972): Crop Physiology. M. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. Part II Syllabus… . 34. Invading weeds. M. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. 27. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. S. A. Hale. and Hay. 8) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India.T. K. LAR. U. S. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. Evans.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants.

and Cramer. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). Environmental pollution. Mansfield. Levitt. Mehrotra. 43. Turner. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. 36. R.D. (1975): Plants in saline environment. L.Pessarkli. Pojakoff Mayber A.V.J. NY. Nickell. N. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. Sinha S. 29. W.A. (1982): Tropical tree crops. 39. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. K. L. 26. S. 44. J. 37.. J. Pessarkli. Part II Syllabus… . M. 46. P. Y. and Zeiger F. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (1980): Plant Pathology. Plant Physiology (USA). N. 25. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. D. Sc. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Sharma. 47. L. E.35. I & II. and Sarin M. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. J. McLaren. K. 27. M. 48. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress..G. Everymans Science. Upeke. Srivastava. Rice.S. and Aspinal. 41. and Gupta. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 40. Manures and fertilizers. and Gale. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. Sane P. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1969. 28. S. M.G. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. L. C. Marschner. Bhargava S. 42. and Agarwal P. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. C. Asana. H. I.K. Paleg. Taiz L. 45. R.C.S. Journal of Experimental Botany.K.N. 38.

soil. T. UNIT-II 3. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. field observation. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Potato (Early and late blight). contact and 10 05 Systemic fungicides. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Quarantine laws. pathogens and their management. Part II Syllabus… . formulation and classification of fungicides. Trichoderma viride. Methods of disease diagnosis. seed. Glomus. Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. Anthracnose. Citrus (Canker). Chemical methods. Wheat (Rust and Bunt). avoidance of pathogen. 15 15 M. plant treatments of Fungicides.harzianum. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). uptake and mode of action. 15 UNIT-IV 5.IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. symptomology. VA-Mycorrhiza. Sc. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. fungicide resistance in plants. Culture methods. international approach.Bajara (Green ear). Rice (Blast). Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). Cotton (Angular leaf spot). Sunflower (Downy mildew). Seed certification. 2. Pseudomonas flurescans. isolation and identification of Pathogens. UNIT-III 4 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Soybean (Mosaic). Tomato (Early blight). Biological control Agents.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). Downy mildew). Pigeon pea (Wilt). Grapes (Powdery mildew. Banana (Blight).

K.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology.Ltd. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. Any 8) UNIT-I 1.(1980): Plant Pathology 7. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. R. 8. G. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. Symptomology.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. 9. 5. R.C. 2. D. 6 & 7. Ny Vall.S. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. 4 & 5.(1963): Plant Diseases.9 & 10. 2 & 3. and P. 11. 11 & 12. F. Agrios. S.N.Practicals (2 Units.F. R.E. Mehrotra R. Gangopadhyay.B. S. Part II Syllabus… .S. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. UNIT-II 5. REFERENCES BOOKS 1.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Collection and preservation of plant diseases. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. 4. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. Sc. 8. 6. Pvt.F.T. M. Kenneth M. 3. Singh. Padoley. S.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. 10.

Part II Syllabus… . somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). production of secondary metabolites. Gene cloning using PCR 8. resistance against plant viral diseases. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). Ti. Human genome project.plasmid. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. selection of the transformed host cells. Practical (2Units. Sc. structures of host gene. 9. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. maintenance and management (5). Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. Yeast. somatic embryogenesis. b) Genomics. Any 8) 1. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. expression vectors. Drosophila. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Study of DNA markers using RAPD M. cell line isolation. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. b) Transgenics.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. operation. cellular hybridization. Shuttle vectors. Cloning vectors. 5. 2.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units.an overview: Mapping. Isolation of genomic DNA. herbicide resistance. Bacterial. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. Hairy root culture 6. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. 12. Protoplast fusion and culture. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). insertion of gene in vector. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. Cell line culture 4. cloned gene expression (6). 3. 7. Somatic embryogenesis 10. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. constructing chimeric DNA (7). Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. transformation. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). hairy root culture (5). Bacteriophages. c) Isolation of the desired gene. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids.

2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. and Bajaj Y. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. K. and Primrose S. Pvt. A. Chawala H. 5. and Cocking E. Plenum Press London. Kumar U. Tissue and Organ culture. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. 11. Singh B. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. Elsevier Science.Special Paper. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. M. 15. Gupta P. Razdan M. 19. S. 1999. Ltd. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. Pvt. and Bhojwani S. 12. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 1979. 14. D. E. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. 4. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. Trigiano R. 2000 Plant cell. and Gray D. Genes and Agriculture.IV 1. Brown T. Winkler. Ltd. W. 1999 Genomes. CRS press LLC. Pvt. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. 7. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. C. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. J. 10. J. Thimmaiah S. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. 3. Chrispeels M. N. 9. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. and Mahadevan A. 18. Singapore. Vidhyashekaran P. CRC Press. 6. 1994 Plants. P. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. R. Ltd. 21. Ltd. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Part II Syllabus… . Ruger W. K. 2. Springer –Verlag. S. P. 2000 Genomes. and Wackernagel W. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. 13. 17. and Lal S. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. Old R. Sc. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. Gustafson J. P. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. B. and Sadava D. Mitra Sandhya 1996. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Manibhushanrao K. K. S. K. USA. 16. Razdan M. 1996. 20. U. 1993. Lal R. Gustafson J. 8. Razdan M. Reinert J. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology.

Eddy. 25. M. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Sc. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis.. Durbin R. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. Jagota A. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) 6. 26. Journal of Experimental Botany 4. Francis Ouellette and B. Anders Krogh. B. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 1. W. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 5. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2. Graeme M. F. Mount D. Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology 7.22. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Journal of Plant Biotechnology 8. Andreas Bazevanis. Wennacker Ernst L. 24. Sean R. Part II Syllabus… . Cambridge University Press. F. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 23. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids.

Mining. pesticides.44 PAPER. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. heavy metals.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Oxygen sag analysis. Nutrients. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals : 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: A) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Methodology.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4.Conservation and management. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. Nuclear winter. Vermitechnology. Vehicular and Industrial gases. Part II Syllabus… .Role of plants and microbes. Self purification of natural streams. causes and consequences. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Recycling of resources. (6) B) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. Waste management. Sc. In India. Pathogens. Air pollution monitoring devices. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Carbon and world climates.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) M. heat. Air quality loss. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . salts.

M. EIA study-I. 7. D. 2. M. 5. (1990): Waterfall Ecology. II Balkrishnan.. Part II Syllabus… . 4. W. vol. R. (1988): Recent climatic changes: A regional approach. (1994): Tropical Ecosystems. C. C. Oowen. Measurement of vehicular pollution. M. EIA study-II. (1994): Environmental Chemistry. Dash. (1987): Environmental Conservation. and Johnson. 3. Lal. De. Misra K. B. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. J. 8. S. J. A. 9. H. Borgstrom. (1989): Acidic precipitation. Sc. M. E. Good. Study of IUCN Red list categories. C. UNIT 5: 1. R. UNIT 6: 6. Study of wetland macrophytes. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. Suggested readings:• • • • • • • • • Adriano. M. Study of Biological Indicators. 10. K. Measurement of dust fall. Study of garbage. A. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology.Practicals. et al (1978): Fresh water wetlands. and Black. (1993): Fundamentals of Ecology. and Bie. Gregory S.

gnetales-angiosperm theory.IV) B O-4.45 BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS Unit-I 1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil 9 angiosperms. phytogeographic regions of the world. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism. centre of origin. Red List categories of IUCN. monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms. Harissocarpon. stachyospory-phyllospermae theory. its importance. Land Bridges. Pandanaceae: Viracarpon. Musaceae: Musa cardiospermum. Daberocarpon. Sonnertioxylon. World organisation for conservation of biodiversity. Guttiferae: Myrtaceae: Sahnipushpam. Malvaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Sahniocarpon. Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron.Palmae: Palmoxylon. pentoxylales theory and durian theory. biodiversity of India. Chitaleypushpam. 5 5 M. Sc. theory of tolerance. Unit-II 2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of India. Cradle of angiosperms. Part II Syllabus… . types and areas of natural distribution. shifting of poles.Semester IV ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper. Gramineae: Graminocarpon. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. pteridosperm theory. Indocarpa. sacred grooves and their importance. coniferales-amentiferae theory. Enigmocarpon. assessment. Time of origin of angiosperms. megacentres of endemism in India. Tricoccites. loss and conservation. anthostrobilus theory. theories of differentiation and natural selection. Rhizopalmoxylon. probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory. geographical history. Palmocarpon. caytonian theory. Keystone and flagship species. categories. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity. endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra. Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. Sonnertiorhizos. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale. Sahnianthus. ethical principles of conservation biology. 5 6 Continental Drift. means and ways for conservation.

Santalaceae. moth. Sketching. style and stigma. entemophily-bee. Loranthaceae. moth. Xyridaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Viscaceae. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). hydrophily. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. ) M. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Santalaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. Typhaceae. Hydatellaceae. biology of floral parts-calyx. butterfly and wasps flowers. tour report. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. fly. (In second term of IV Semester. 15 Unit-II • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. butterfly and wasps flowers. fly. ornithophily. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. Sapindaceae. Loranthaceae. Apiaceae. anemophily. Co-evolution of angiosperms. insects and fungi. types of 15 pollination. Apiaceae.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. Carpenter bee. carpenter bee. Typhaceae. Rhizophoraceae. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. Xyridaceae. sex distribution in plants. pollen. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. androecium. Polygalaceae. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Eriocaulaceae. Polygalaceae. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Sc. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Hydatellaceae. Viscaceae. Rhizophoraceae. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Sapindaceae. cheiropterophily. pollination mechanism. Eriocaulaceae. corolla.

E. and L. 1996. J. New Delhi. V. Part II Syllabus… . H. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. K. L. N. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. D. 1997. • Quicke. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Heywood 1991. • Taylor. Botanical Survey of India. Cambridge. P. • • Richard. 1984. and M. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. 1993. Nayar. DST. Stevens P. A. P..Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Hickey 1997. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Nayar. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Johri 1985. P. • Synge. Wiley Eastern limited. • Naik. Columbia University Press. and V. Donoghue 2008. Today and Tommorow Publications. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. A. New Delhi . H. and B.Sunderland. J.) 1980. Blakie Academic & Professional.. K. New Delhi. Donald. J. 1988. A. 1951.S.. U. Palode. V. • Manilal. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New Delhi. New Delhi. M. • Lawrence George H. Evolution and Phylogeny. USA. M. New Delhi. 1981. New York.F. INC. London. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. S. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. • Rao. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. (2ed. and M. Sinauer Associates.] 1998. R. A. • Endress Peter.) Allen Press. Hugh (ed. Co. M.) Chapman and Hall. k. 1987. Plant Systematics. • Davis. Pvt. M. R. Dehra-Dun. M.A. Muktesh Kumar [ed. John Wiley & Sons. • Judd Walter S. and M. Oxford and IBH Publ.Publishers. Flowering Plants: Origin. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. Kollogg. R. Cmpbell C. • Cronquist. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Plant Breeding Systems. Sc. Kerala • Ahmedullah. J. Ltd. Massachusetts. S. S. • Shivanna. 1994. Ltd. 1994. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. Nepal and Bhutan.

COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. Undaria . apiculture. aquaculture. potential genetic resources. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. Part II Syllabus… . Species diversity index. Mariculture of Porphyra . PART II (SEMESTER IV) MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY BO-4. oil crops. Industrial applications of seaweeds. litter fall. live stock. Use of GPS. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. 7 8 M. Sc.food . timber. Herbarium technique. DIATOMS: Application and uses. fodder.M. pulses. Similarity index etc. modelling technique). cereals.crops.Standing crop. Source of iodine. Medicinal uses.Gracilaria etc. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. difficulties in getting axenic culture. . UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. 5 8 2 5 7 8 UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. medicinal products.46 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI ( SPECIAL PAPER IV ) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. Domestic bioresources . fire wood. horticultural crops. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. Wild bioresources . Chemical preservation. Storage of specimen.Laminaria. ornamentals. feed. gas exchange. Sc.

Sc. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. (1985).G. Chapman. II nd edition Pergamon Press.F. Delhi. Biotechnology of Microalgae.N. The Diatoms. Madras.L. State of Art Report. & Jegathanam. Cambridge University Press. Phytoplankton of Indian Seas.F.(2005). e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. Mangroves of Maharashtra. Ramnathan. & Aspects of Marine Botany. Stoermer. Shivaji University. T. SUGGESTED READINGS:• • • • • Beck. ( A. and similarity index of mangroves. ENVIS Publication Series 2/98. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. • Santhanam.D.Kolhapur.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem.Daya Publication Home. Asso.G. M. J. New York. Bhosale. Part II Syllabus… . Untawale. R. & Smol . b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. (1998). S.. Costal Vegetation. Plenum Press. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. Coral Reefs of India.V. Seaweed Research and Utilization Association. P. R. R. F..I. Venkataramanjan K. Editor). Kannupandi. (1987) . b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). Jackson. d) Determination of S. • Trainor. (1976). Applications for Environment and Earth Sciences • Swaminathan M.J. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. (1972). Algae and Man. (Field Guide). Introductory Phycology. Research foundation (2003). J.J. • Krishnamurthy. E. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. Bioresources Status in Selected Costal Location. V. • • Stein.D. of India. Marine Plants. National Bioresource Development Board (Department of Biotechnology) Govt.

Formulation of patent proposal. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5).47: APPLICATION.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Intellectual Property protection. Collection. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. Nod genes. 6&7. Food. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. wastewater treatment. 11. Any 8) 1&2. 3. public verses private enterprises. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). 4&5. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Sc.IV) B O 4. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. cooperative programmes (5). Nif genes. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. b) Global biotech scenario. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. Visit to Biotech firms. Study of GMOs. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. 8. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. Symbiotic N2 fixation. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Hup genes (5). b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). M. microbes in leaching of metals (10). 9&10. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. a case study (5). Agro biotech fields. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. b) Patent systems in India. Sources of patent information. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Practical (2 Units. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. Part II Syllabus… .

Purohit. Special Paper. ASM Press. 7. and Reddy. 2000. New Delhi.K.Agrobios. Elements of Biotechnology.and Venkataraman. New York. India.K. M. Washington. Genetic Engineering. Agricultural Biotechnology.l.S. D. 6. 9. Washington. 6.Microbial biotechnology.2001. Pvt. New Delhi. 2. and Pasternak. B.Ltd. New York. 8.Wiley Eastern Ltd. H. Marcel Dekker.M. Biotechnology in crop improvement. New Delhi. Altman.1994. I. Technology information.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.1995. Elements of Biotechnology. 4. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Schlegel.Molecular Biotechnology.and Ahuja.Biotechnology. Part II Syllabus… . 5. General microbiology.Mcmilan.1994. Meerut. Rastogi Publisher. 1998.. Srivastava. Agricultural Biotechnology.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. Kakralya. Mitra. J. P.Molecular Biotechnology. A. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).G.. 3. 2000. Reddy. Scientific Publishers. Technology information. India.1997.J. H. 1998.1997. 2.III 1.A. ASM Press.. Trehan.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents.1994. Ravishankar.R.Suggested readings: Special Paper. and Pasternak.IV 1. India. Sc.K.J. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. J. Marcel Dekker. S. H.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Rastogi Publisher. New Delhi. Lecture notes on patents. Chavala.P. B. 2002. Cambridge University Press. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. Altman. 5. 1996.principles and practice. 1998. International Book Distributing Co.R. Glick.V. K. Gupta. India. L. Gupta. S. A. India ltd.R. Meerut. G. B. 3. Jodhpur. 4. P. Glick. Technology Bhavan. S.

Sc.M. Part II Syllabus… .

M. Part II Syllabus… . Sc.

Sc. Part II Syllabus… .M.

Sc. Part II Syllabus… .M.

Part II Syllabus… . Sc.M.

Nucleic acids. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. 11 & 12. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. 5. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Respiration.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. 6. aflatoxins. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi.II 7. 8 & 9. UNIT-IV 5. alternic Acid. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. 10. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Amylolytic enzymes. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins.Production of Pectolytic. UNIT. UNIT-III 4. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. Bacterial. Fusaric acids. physiological specializations. Cellulolytic . UNIT-II 3. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. Deficiency of micronutrients.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Sc. 2. 4. gene for gene hypothesis. Victorin. antigen and antibody reaction. Immunoglobulines. Toxins lycomarsmine. M.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Proteins. Piricularin. protein for protein hypothesis. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Part II Syllabus… . Fungal and Nematode. Photosynthesis.2 & 3. Cellulolytic. application of immunological techniques. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Bacteria and Viruses. Pectolytic.

Paul Khurana. Kuijit.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. Plank J. Plank. S. Uni. Fiber and Oilplants.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology. R.M. Part II Syllabus… . Epidemics and Control. Singh. R.R.London and New York. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. G. Gangulee. and P. and R. Rangaswamy G.E. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. Gangopadhyay S.S.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.E.A.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Of California Press.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke.P. Padoley. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. R. H.K.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants. S.S.K. Aneja K. A.N.A. M. J.(1963): Plant Diseases.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Ny vall. and A.U. Mahadevan. II.S.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. Sc.B. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.F.(1980) : Plant Pathology. A.J. S.A.

(2). Triallele. cataloging. seedling growth and on mitosis 12. Designing field experiments 18. Metroglif analysis. Sc. D2 analysis. data storage and retrieval 14. Introduction. partial diallele. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. Drought. Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). Estimation of heritability 17. Salinity. (02) (02). Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). Practical (2 Units. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. Line tester. 16.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. M. (02). To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Any 8) 11. 19.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. and Acclimatization of plants (2). To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 13. b) Domestication. Assessment of variability. Exploration and collection of germplasm. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. b) Mutation breeding (5). Genetic erosion. Genetic diversity (7). 15. 20. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) (02). Germplasm collection. Heat and cold resistance (10). Generation mean analysis. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. Selection under domestication. Part II Syllabus… . c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). Components of variance. Quarantine. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. conservation and utilization (2). b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10).

Micke A. Minnesota. and Smith D. 20. and Young J. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 22. Gupta P. 20.C. K.. K. Part II Syllabus… . Khush G. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. 1998 Cytogenetics. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York.II 19. and Sinha U. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. 15. Plant Breeding and Evolution. 1973 Cytogenetics. (Vol M. Allard R. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. 12. Special Paper. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. 14. Kalyani Publishers.Suggested readings: Special Paper.Principles and methods. Fikui K. D. W. and Nakayama S. 16. Kalyani Publishers. Ludhiana. Singh. K. Sharma. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. P. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. B. New Delhi 19. 1999 Cytogenetics. 25. New Delhi. Karp G. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . R. A. 2000.R. S.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. 26. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 23. Prasad G. J. Swanson C. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. Academic Press New York USA. R. and Sinha S. Sinha U. Plant breeding. S.I 11. 13. L. Hays H. Sc. Swaminathan M.. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. Gamma Field Symposia No. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. New Delhi. . Harti D. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. FAO/IAEA Symposium 1&2)Vienna 24. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. Burnham C. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. and Jones E. Ltd. Co. Immer F. Rastogi Publication Meerut. Siddiqui B. 17. Ltd. 18. New Delhi. 1996 Plant chromosomes. Burgess Publishing Co. W. Principles and practice of plant breeding. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. Gupta P. and Khna S. 21. New Delhi.. Merz T.

New York. Part II Syllabus… . D. 28. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 15. Salt and Other stresses. New York. K. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 12. Pvt. R. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 32. and Hamblin J. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. Poehlman J. L. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. and Singh B. 35. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments.M. Fehr W. Caryologia 14. 29. 10. 36. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. 1989 Plant Breeding . A.27. R. 34.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. D. 33. Ltd. Levitt J. Cytologia 13. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. CRC Press Florida. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Rosielle A. Kalyani Publishers. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 16. Sc. Bulm A.stress environments Crop Sci. Academic Press. 21: 932-946. New Delhi. Chopra V. Singh R. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Sharma J. New Delhi. 31. Vijendra Das L. Journals: 9. Journal of Genetics 11. 30.

tides.T. 18. 19. 14. pH. Marine Environment. UNIT 3: 10. Determination of organic matter from soil. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. Sc. soil profile.SEMESTER III Special Paper .light. soil types of India. 12. planning and management. Study of soil profile. Determination of BOD at R. 16.XI: ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 7. Soils: formation. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. UNIT 2: 9. EC. Land use classification. Field visits to Industrial area. waves. composition. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. UNIT 6: 17. SEMESTER III (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. 15. 13. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. Part II Syllabus… . 20. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies.Classification of climate climographs. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. currents.I ENERGY. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 12. TDS and TS).currents. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. ii.34 PAPER. 8. 21. winds. Study of wilting coefficient. Fresh water Environment – Wind. TSS. UNIT 4: 11. 22. Law of limiting factors. Study of EC and pH of the soil. Water: Resources and Management.

ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. community Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) M. Global biodiversity. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Regulation of communities.Ecotone and Edge effect. Threats to Biodiversity. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. E) Community as Indicator. Conservation of Biodiversity.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Density dependant and Independent Regulation.(SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Community Periodism. UNIT 2: 2) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation.Role of Different factors. stratification. Sc. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. community stability. Biodiversity in India. Hot spots. Part II Syllabus… .Global and Indian. Ecotypes. Genecology-Ecads. Indian Biodiversity (15) (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. etc.

14. 12.UNIT 5: 11. 17. 19. Visit to local protected or conserved area. 20. Study of community bisects. Determination of IVI. Part II Syllabus… . Study of population dynamics. M. Study of the Litter production. 15. UNIT 6: 16. 18. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. Determination of similarity index. Biomass profile for the community. Determination of association index.Community function – Biomass production measurement. Study of Vegetation by transect method. Sc. 13. Study of stratification and physiognomy.

Adoph Engler. major categories: division. Dahlgren and Robert F. the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein. minor categories: genus. Carl Skottberg. Andrea Cesalpino. the missions of systematic agenda-2000. pollen grains. M. G. Otto Brunfels. xylem and phloem. species and infraspecific categories. de Lamarck. Hayata. A. ovules. order. Alfred Rndle. Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson. importance of taxonomy and need for classification. 3 M. T. Authur Cronquist. 4 3 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus. Bessey. general and special purpose classifications. M. flower. seedlings and fruits. Albert Magnus. Oswald Tippo. i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler. Thorne.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I) Unit-I 1 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts. Sc. 5 Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat. Takhtajan. Forms of scientific names. 7 Unit-II 4 A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: The 10 evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace. family. John Hutchinson. De Jussieu. John Ray. Karl Mez. 5 7 TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa. Pulle. Jerome Bock. Joseph Pitton de Turnfort.Charles E. Karl Christian MezAugust A. class. Jean Bauhin. seeds. placentation. Gunderson. De Candolle.SEMESTER III B O-3. Part II Syllabus… . ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students. 4 2 THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000. gynoecium. systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity. P. Hans Hallier. Jean B. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity. B. taxonomy as synthetic discipline. 5 RECENT SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATIONS: By Armen L. nodal anatomy. Lyman Benson. Bentham and Hooker. androecium. inflorescence. Alpha and Omega taxonomy. hierarchical classification. leaf structure. R.

lectotype. Ranunculaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Lauraceae. Aponogetonaceae. Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. principle of priority. effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon. Principles. • Descriptions. Aristolochiaceae. Divisions. alternative. Piperaceae. Lauraceae. Nymphaeaceae. Alismataceae. Casuarinaceae. Papaveraceae. Magnoliaceae. Homonym. Moraceae. neotype. Tautonym. Nymphaeaceae. Priority. ambiguous. Synonym. stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers. Nomenclatural 7 terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype. Najadaceae. Nelumbonaceae. illegitimate. Alismataceae. syntype. Autonym. Dilleniaceae. paratype. rejected and superfluous names. Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. isotype. Effective and Valid publication. Aristolochiaceae. Scientific names-Correct name. deposition of type. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Hydrocharitaceae.8 NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]. PHYLOGENY IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae. Sc. Hydrocharitaceae. Casuarinaceae. Urticaeae. Piperaceae. Basionym. Najadaceae. Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules. 15 ECONOMIC INTERELATIONSHIPS. SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION. Nymphaeaceae. classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae. transfer of taxa. naked. Urticaeae. Lauraceae. Alismataceae. placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. 15 Aponogetonaceae. Moraceae. Sketching. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added M.

CBS Publishers & Distributers. • • • Takhtajan. Muktesh Kumar [ed. 1984. V. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. H.S. 1962. New Delhi . H. A. Sinauer Associates. • Manilal. • Davis. 1993. Evolution and Phylogeny. Donoghue 2008. Kollogg. A.F.) Allen Press. 1981. E. New Delhi. Blakie Academic & Professional. • Cronquist.. Hutchinson. and V.whenever necessary. S. Columbia University Press. Sc. P. • Taylor. Cmpbell C.. 1959. N. U.] 1998. S. Families of Flowering plants. Donald. Stevens P. London. Plant Systematics.A. V. New Delhi. Sunderland.Origin and Dispersal. Heywood 1991. • Lawrence George H. J. and M. • Naik. M. J. and M. USA. M. and L. Co. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. 1988. D. Flowering Plants: Origin. Publishers. Oxford and IBH Publ. J. INC. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. A. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. L. 1951. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. New Delhi. S. DST.. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… . Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist. Ltd. New York. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Pvt. Ltd. K. Hickey 1997. Judd Walter S. A. Today and Tommorow Publications. • Quicke. J. Massachusetts. Flowering plants.

L/O pattern.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. aneuploidy. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. application of serological data in systematics. techniques of protein electrophoresis. measurement of resemblances. 7 cladogram. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. Basic chromosome number. parsimony analysis. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. exine stratification. unit characters. Part II Syllabus… . use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. serology and taxonomy: history. Sc.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. adaptations. merits and demerits. antisera antibody. palynogram. karyotype. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. phenons and ranks. genetic variations and plant systematics. OUTs. NPC of pollen. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. construction of taxonomic groups. Cladastics and classification. techniques. discrimination. chromosome banding. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. precipitation reaction. classes of compounds and their biological significance. cluster analysis. 7 M. symmetry. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. chromosome morphology. excrescences. character coding. techniques.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. chemical protein analysis procedures. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. ecological variations. antigen. scope and limitations. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. ECOLOGY. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. applications.

Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Pontederiaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. INTERELATIONSHIPS. Sc. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Cuscutaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Costaceae. classification and identification of families: 3 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 Cuscutaceae. Asteraceae. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. VARIATIONS. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. Orchidaceae. Lobeliaceae. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Gentianaceae.. Unit-IV 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL. Pontederiaceae. • • Unit-II Study of chomosomes. Part II Syllabus… . Asteraceae. Burmanniaceae. Boraginaceae. Plantaginaceae. vessels. SEM and plant surface stucture.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Costaceae. Dioscoriaceae. Plantaginaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Dioscoriaceae. Boraginaceae. Sketching. M. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Burmanniaceae. Lobeliaceae. Lentibulariaceae. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. Lentibulariaceae. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD).

) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. Vikas Publ. New York. Blakie Academic & Professional. Columbia University Press. S. New York. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. New Delhi . • Quicke.A. and V. • Erdtman. 1966. • Manilal. New Delhi. A. Today and Tommorow Publications. Co. New Delhi. CBS Publishers & Distributers. New Delhi. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. • Cronquist. Periodical Expert Book Agency. 1952. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. K. J. • Johri. Ind. M. New Delhi. Pvt. G. Almquist and Wiksell. • Nair. Ltd. 1951. D. Sc. London. • Maheshwari. • Davis. • • Fahn. Heywood 1991. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. S. 1984. Part II Syllabus… . and Bhatnagar.S. Evolution and Phylogeny. P. Nat. and M.) Allen Press. V. N. M. P. Angiosperms. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. 1988. K. Acad. and L. Stockholm. 1984. Oxford and IBH Publ. J. • Lawrence George H. Ltd. 1984. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. Angiosperms. New Delhi. New Dehli. V.(Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. 1952. Plant Anatomy. S. DST. New Delhi. 1979. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Sc. Erdtman. H. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Co. Embryology of Angiosperms. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. P. 1985. Hickey 1997. • Cronquist. Donald. L. A. S. • Taylor. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. S. B. • Naik. P. G. Flowering Plants: Origin. Hafner Publ. House. New Delhi. H. U. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Tata McGraw Hill. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. K. M. 1981. 1993.

S. R.F. INC.. J.• Paech.. • Shivanna. Stevens P. Pollen Biology. and M. London.) Butterworths. USA. K.A Laboratory Manual. M. E. and M. Rangaswamy. Kollogg. Cmpbell C. and N. Tracey. 1956. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed.Sunderland. S. Sinauer Associates. Donoghue 2008. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm.. 1980. Vol-I & II. • Judd Walter S. K. A. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis.Publishers. Plant Systematics. Springer-Verlag. Massachusetts. 1992. Part II Syllabus… . V. Sc.

ACTINOMYCETES. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae . Bacillariophyceae. UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek. Sc. anatomical features. Benthos. adaptations. Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Nekton. Myrsinaceae.M. MARINE FUNGI. 15 15 UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3. Part II Syllabus… . Chlorophyceae. Brief idea of Plankton. Sc. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy. Life histories of a few important species . East and West coast mangroves. Dune vegetation. 5 5 5 M. morphology. Morphological and anatomical adaptations. Acanthaceae etc. distribution. Mangrove shores and forests. LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. Lagoon and Delta. 6 5 4 UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy.dinoflagellates. ultraplankton.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification. salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae). cytology. nanoplankton. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’. ultrastructure. Distribution. Marine phytoplankton. CORALS. Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae. Estuary. coccoliths. FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves. Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae.

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Hypnea etc. Gracilaria. Bryopsis etc.Chaetomorpha. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ M. Enteromorpha.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. Sargassum etc. Padina. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. Ulva . e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. Sc.Halophila etc. Part II Syllabus… . c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Dictyota.Ipomoea etc. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex.Caulerpa. Gelidium .). UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex.

Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Significance of vivipary.light absorption.M. Part II Syllabus… . Metabolic role of essential nutrients. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work.46 BO-3. Membrane transport under salinity. Sc. Sc. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Ultrastructure of salt glands. Role of aspartate. selective ion absorption. Induction of CAM. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. PRACTICAL COURSE II 5 5 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. photosynthetic rate. Uptake. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Photorespiration. in mangroves. Availability in sea water. Salt glands in mangroves. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. properties and extraction of Agar. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Accumulation of free amino acids. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. vitamins for growth of algae.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. of these compounds. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Photosynthetic enzymes. Factors affecting. MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. Leaf succulence. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Chemical structure. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. effect of low light condition. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes.Essential elements.

i) UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. b .) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. Part II Syllabus… . e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. f) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. phycobilins etc. chlorophyll a. g) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. M. d. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants.c. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. h) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. Sc.Lumnitzera etc. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Determination of organic matter content from sediment. carotenoids.UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae.

I) B 0 3. axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10). its importance and future prospects (5). factors influencing morphogenesis. embryo rescuing. b) Somaclonal variation. b) Cryopreservation. c) Cell suspension culture. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture. selection (5). b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture. meristem culture. c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling. Callus formation and its culture. d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture. Callus desiccation. Callus culture 6&7. operation. equipment and apparatus. Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture. sterilization technique. Sterilization techniques (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) 4&5.I Theory (4 Units. Any 8) 1&2. 11. synseed (4). conservation. Cell suspension culture 10. Practical (2 Units. operation and management (3). management (10). b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2). laboratory design and development. cell line isolation (5). agro based industries M. Media preparation 3. Sc.SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER.37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Organogenesis 8&9. procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7). maintenance. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses. Part II Syllabus… . Unit 4: a) Green house technology. organogenesis.

b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. DNA polymorphism (7). Sc. Part II Syllabus… . Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. b) Immunology (5). cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. Theory (4 Units. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. DNA sequencing. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6).47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. 4. Gene amplification. Any 8) 1. 6. 7&8. synthesis. protoplast technology (5). 5.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. basic PCR. dot and slot blots.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. Unit 3: a) Isolation. Techniques of restriction mapping. 12. Practical (2 Units. southern northern and western blotting.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. construction of chimeric DNA. 13. 9&10 11. chromosome walking and jumping (9). gene synthesis machines (10). c) Molecular research procedure. molecular probes. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). 2&3. application. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. its modification. Unit 4: a) Genomics. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10).

1997.N. Gupta. Biotechnology in crop improvement.and Ahuja. Elements of Biotechnology. I.Agrobotanica. India. S.K. Himalaya Publishing House.l. M. Glick.Special Paper II: 8. New Delhi. Chavala. J. Rastogi Publisher. 12.R. P. Sc. B. Genetic Engineering. International Book Distributing Co.Agrobios. Washington 10. 1996. 13. and Pasternak.Mcmilan. Mumbai.principles and practice.S. 11.2001. H. ASM Press. Genetic Engineering and its applications.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.Gene Biotechnology. Part II Syllabus… . Jogdand.1994. 2000. 14. Kakralya. Mitra. B. Joshi. 1998. India ltd.J. S.Molecular Biotechnology. Meerut. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. 9. India. India. P.1998.

Unit -III 13. Part II Syllabus… . structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. Nitrogenase. carbon assimilation. significance of photorespiration. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. phloem loading and unloading. cytokinin. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. (09) and modification of CAM. “nif” genes. reduction and assimilation. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. regulation of nitrogen fixation. ethylene and ABA.1. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. glyoxylate cycle. Anaerobic respiration. The flowering process: M. modern concept of electron lipids. (09) (06) 14. gibberellin. Sc.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 9. transamination. Sub classification of C4 plants. Sulphate uptake. transport. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 11. photooxidation of water. Inhibitor of respiration.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. 12. membrane transport of proteins. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. Rubisco. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes.the Calvin cycle. mechanism of electron and proton transport. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. 10. passive and active solute transport.

17) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. 13) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. specific signaling mechanisms. Sc. 19) Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination. (06) Unit –IV 15. protein kinases and phosphatases. 18) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. 12) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. receptors and G. e. freezing and heat stress. 16) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. floral induction and development. role of cyclic nucleotides. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. 14) Study of enzyme lipase. with paper chromatography. metal ion stress. phospholipids signaling. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 10) Study of enzyme ATPase 11) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. role of vernalization. endogenous clock and its regulation. Part II Syllabus… . Calcium-Calmodulin cascade.genetic and molecular analysis. (09) 16. Signal Transduction: -Overviews.Photoperiodism and its significance.proteins. salinity. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit.g. M. Unit –II 15) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis.

N. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis.Reference Books1. 11. F. Salisburry.E. A Treatise Vol.V. 2. Marschner. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. Salisbury. 3. IX and XII. 12. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Bonner. E.M. 13. 8.B. 17. and Conn. Epstein. and Fritz. R. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. J. M. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. 4. and Varner. Wilkins. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol.B.P.I. Taiz L. II and III. G. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants.(1990): Plant Physiology. 7. Miller. F. 15. 14. 10. Mukharjee S. II nd Edition. (1969. F. Levitt. II.N. and ghosh A. H. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. W.B. and Zeiger F. III. (1971): The biology of Flowering. Devlin. J. J. 6. Noggle. (2004): Plant Physiology. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. 5. Pessarkli M. 9. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. G. 16. and Ross. H. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants.R. E.A. G. Gregory. Part II Syllabus… . (1996) Plant Physiology. Stump. Beevers. Comprehensive M. Krishnamurthy. IV. Sc.

(04) M. Chemotropism. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. apomixis. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. Sc. Stigma surface proteins. experimental induction and partial importance. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 5. (04) (06) Unit –II 12.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. Pollen wall proteins. ovary. antipodal. consequences and significances of (04) molecular aspects of SAM. causes.Determination. (04) 9. Polyembryony: Classification. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. 10. Eggs. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. 13. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. generative cell. embryo culture and their significance. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 6. pollen tube. Causes. nucellus.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. Post fertilization events. central wall. 14. endosperms. (05) 11. pollen wall. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 8. Part II Syllabus… . Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids.

root hairs.7. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. Tabacco. microfossil recovery theory and techniques.to Paleopalynology : Principles. pollen germination. 8.foraging behaviour of bees . 9. Lateral roots . 7. and L. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. Application:Utility in systematics. M. unifloral multifloral honey. pollen storage and their significance. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. Vesscular tissue differentiation . 10. Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.S. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . 11. properties of pollen. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. 10. microfossil groups Aeropalynology: Principles.microbes interaction. (02) (02) (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. 9. (Mango. (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 6. Sc. techniques. and oil exploration. application in crop productivity. root. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. Citrus) Anatomy: 8. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots Agropalynology: Pollen viability. Part II Syllabus… . Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs.S. pollen analysis. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. 8. pollen calendar and importance. pollen and spore allergy.

A. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. Jussieua etc. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons M.53:53-79. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe.) origin of lateral roots . and M C Danials. Biochemistry management Shivanna. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. Pistia.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. Palynology: 1 2 3 4 5 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. K. Cutter. P. Stanley. Sc. P. R G and F. Fahn.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. C R and L Chalk. stomata. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. 14.12. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. Bot. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. trichomes. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. K. Easau. structure Anatomy: Barnova. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants.1965: Physiological plant anatomy Masueth. G. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize.Res. 13. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. 40:2157 Emmes. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. J D. aerial roots of banyan . E J. R. types of stomata . B M.L.Rev.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. Bot. M A.S. Part II Syllabus… . Examine of L. Study of allergic plants and their pollen.

Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Nair. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. Pandey and Chadha.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. Gregory. A Laboratory manual. Heslop-Harrison. Fageri. Part II Syllabus… . Bhattacharya. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. Sc. K and J Inversen. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. Nair. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . . P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. K. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. G. Erdtman. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. Tilak. structure and function.Solender. H.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. P H. Palynology Cunningham. S T. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. Y.

Mechanism of UV tolerance.60 Unit –I 10. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. Water stress .Effect of ion toxicity (iron.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Mechanism of stomatal action. Unit –III 14. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Role of HSP. Thermal stresses . Effect of UV radiations on plants. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Phytoremediation.Generation of reactive oxygen species. (05) 16.4. Wetland and non wetland species. Oxidative stress . Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Cold hardening. Drought hardening.Definition of saline soil. Flooding stress . (05) (06) . Antitranspirants. Radiation stress . Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. Ionic stress . Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Photoprotection mechanisms. Transgenic approaches.Nature of waterlogging stress. Salt stress . Effect of ROS on metabolism. (08) 11. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. (09) (07) 13. (05) 15. zinc). Causes of soil Salinization. Transgenic approaches. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. Transgenic approach. Unit –II 12.

Practicals:Unit –I 9) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 10) Determination of chlorophyll stability index.Unit –IV 17. Unit –II 14) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. Allelopathy. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. 13) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. of disease resistance. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. Biochemical mechanism .Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. (06) (09) 18. 11) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. Gaseous stress . 12) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress.

Factors controlling crop productivity. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. (06) 6) Nutriophysiology . Role of chelates in mineral utilization. CO2 as a fertilizer. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. sex determination and fruit development. Biotonics. Biofertilizers. Factors influencing mineral uptake. (06) (09) 8) Reproductive physiology:.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Ethylene physiology.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 5) Crop growth and its regulation.Semester-IV B O – 4.Photoperiodism and vernalization. lime and gypsum as soil additives. Harvest index. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) and post harvest (09) .Physicochemical properties of soil. Unit –II 7) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. Foliar applications of mineral elements. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Physicochemical properties of soil. Role of PGRs in flowering.

56. T. LAI. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. Fitter. (1969. Kozlowski. 55. and Orcutt.) 3. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. NAR. 53. etc. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. J. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. S. M. . 58. 52. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. 59. T. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:49. M. D. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR.C. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. J. Cherry. LAR. K. R. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat.4) Determination of N. Gupta. N. 51. S.(1972): Crop Physiology. 57. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. K.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. (1972): Crop Physiology. U. S. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). Fageria. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. Invading weeds. 15) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. Practicals:Unit –I 1. L. Evans. H. 16) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. U. 54. weedicides and their mode of actions. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms.T. A. and Hay. 50. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. Gupta.M. Levitt. Hale.

and Gale. L. K. Sane P. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Nickell.60. N.. Sinha S.S. D. 72. L. 62. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ.K. NY.G. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Upeke. Environmental pollution. L. Manures and fertilizers. and Gupta. Turner. L. 64. Bhargava S. and Agarwal P. Sharma. Mehrotra. S. Pessarkli.V. H. (1975): Plants in saline environment.G. Y.J. Marschner. Asana. Srivastava. N. M.A. 70. Taiz L.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. Everymans Science. C. I. Journal of Experimental Botany. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 65. 27. 67.C. 71. R. 29. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. 63. M. K. . (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. P. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology.N. and Sarin M. (1980): Plant Pathology. and Cramer. S. R. 61. C. 25. and Aspinal. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. I & II. Rice. W. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Mansfield. McLaren.Pessarkli. J. Pojakoff Mayber A.K. 69. E. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 68. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology).S. and Zeiger F. Paleg. 66. 26. 28. (1982): Tropical tree crops. J. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol.D. Plant Physiology (USA).. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture.

cost benefit analysis. 6. diseases and their control.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. 05 3. UNIT-II 4. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8.III 5. Commercial fungal strain : selection. 5 & 6. 15 Practicals (2 Units. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Any 8) UNIT-I 5. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. 7.development and their maintenance. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. 6. 8. Pleurotus spp. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography.. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. 7. Production of Ergot alkaloids. UNIT.improvement.Semester. 2.I 1. UNIT-II . Edible fungi.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites.

A. Preparation of spawn: Grain.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. Cultivation of mushroom.O.R. 28. . Barger.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. Singer.(1935):Industrial Mycology. 22. Fletcher.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. Onions. W. Aneja K. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. 22.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. Perlite and manure spawn.D.(1961): Industrial Microbiology. W.F. Chang. Smith. L.C. Casida.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin.D.C. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins.M.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. Rose.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. Allsopp and H. G.F. D.S.G.A. 17. J. 25. and Hays.and Gaze. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism.:The filamentous fungi Vol.7 & 8.J.W. 11 & 12. 29. 18.S.I Industrial Mycology Vol. R.L.D. J. 23.R. 21. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. Christensen. and R.W.D.(1959): Industrial Microbiology. A. (1964): Industrial Microbiology.D. . and Dunn.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. Lodder.Jr.H. C. and Barry. 27.H. 24.T. 9 & 10. 31. Whipps. (1975): Mould.P. Gray. 32. Rhodes. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. 19. R.E. 30. REFERNCE BOOKS: 17. A. Dodge. 26. J. and Fletcher.(1970): The Yeast..White.M. S. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.H. Prescott. 21.T. 20.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. 23.II and III.

contact and Systemic fungicides. symptomology. Cotton (Angular leaf spot). T. UNIT-II 3. soil. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties.IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 3. Potato (Early and late blight). international approach. Glomus. isolation and identification of Pathogens. pathogens and their management. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). Trichoderma viride. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Methods of disease diagnosis. Wheat (Rust and Bunt). Quarantine laws.harzianum. uptake and mode of action.Bajara (Green ear).42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Culture methods. 15 UNIT-IV 5. formulation and classification of fungicides. avoidance of pathogen. seed. VA-Mycorrhiza. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. Seed certification. field observation. Sunflower (Downy mildew). Pigeon pea (Wilt). Biological control Agents. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. UNIT-III 5 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. plant treatments of Fungicides. Tomato (Early blight). Grapes (Powdery mildew. 4. Pseudomonas flurescans. 15 15 10 05 . Rice (Blast). Citrus (Canker). Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. Soybean (Mosaic). Banana (Blight). fungicide resistance in plants. Downy mildew). Anthracnose.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Chemical methods.

14. R.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition).9 & 10. S. Gangopadhyay. . 22. S. Collection and preservation of plant diseases. Padoley. 11 & 12. R.C. Singh. 20. 21. 17. 19.S. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. 15. 8.B. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. D.(1963): Plant Diseases. Mehrotra R.F. 2 & 3.K.T. 4 & 5. R.F. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases. 13.S. UNIT-II 5. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. 6 & 7. Agrios. Any 8) UNIT-I 2.Ltd. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. Symptomology. and P.Practicals (2 Units.(1980): Plant Pathology 18.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. Kenneth M.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology.N. G. F. REFERENCES BOOKS 12. S. 16. Pvt. Ny Vall. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.E.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media.

7. Isolation. conjugation and Transduction. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. Genes from plastids and nuclei. 10. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). production of recombinant DNA molecules. 5. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. using phagemid vectors. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). construction of genomic libraries. Genetic exchange in bacteria. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. . Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. 9. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. coli.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units.an overview (Mutants. 2. culturing and growing E. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). Transformation. genetic recombination in phage. coli and Agrobacterium. 3. Study of transformation (02). Any 8) 1. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). Practical (2 Units.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Post transcriptional. translational.III) B O 4. Study of bacterial conjugation (02).12. T4 genetic map. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). Study of bacterial transduction (02). amplification using vectors. fine structure and deletion mapping). Study of southern blotting (02). Media preparation for microbial cultures.

maintenance and management (5). somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). c) Isolation of the desired gene.an overview: Mapping. Somatic embryogenesis 10. insertion of gene in vector. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. Yeast. selection of the transformed host cells. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. Cloning vectors. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. resistance against plant viral diseases. Bacterial. Cell line culture 4. Protoplast fusion and culture. Human genome project. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. Bacteriophages. Drosophila. Isolation of genomic DNA. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). Any 8) 1. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Practical (2Units. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). hairy root culture (5). cellular hybridization. Hairy root culture 6. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. cloned gene expression (6). Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). constructing chimeric DNA (7). b) Transgenics.plasmid. b) Genomics. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. 3. production of secondary metabolites. 12. herbicide resistance. transformation. cell line isolation. expression vectors. 5. 2. somatic embryogenesis. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. structures of host gene. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). 7. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Gene cloning using PCR 8. operation. Shuttle vectors. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. Study of DNA markers using RAPD . 9. Ti.

1998 Advanced molecular Biology. F. 22. Latchman D. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) . L. Gupta P. J. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 15. 23. and Cummings M. New Delhi. Alberts B. Klug W. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. Annual review of Microbiology 9. and W. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology.III 13. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. H. V. Unwin Hyman Publication London. H. New Delhi. M. Caryologia 12. Twyman R. Griffith A. 21.Suggested readings: Special Paper. T. C. Stickeberger M. B. M. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. K. Wadwith Publishing Co. Journals: 8. Brown T. 18. K. Lewontin R.. Oxford University Press. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Lewin. R. Merrill Publishing Company London. Pvt. S. 1999 Genetics Principles. Miller J. S. Suzuki D. 16. 17. Charles E. D. Wolfe S. Singh B. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 10. VI. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. . 19. Ltd. 1998 Genomes. 15. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 13. Freeman New York. Concepts and Implications. 14. Viva Books Pvt. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. Cytologia 11. 24. California USA. Ltd. 20. 6th Edition W. W. New Delhi. Jain H. A.. Journal of Experimental Botany 14. 2000 Genes IV. New York.

45. B. P. Ltd. Plenum Press London. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. 44. Thimmaiah S. 2000 Plant cell. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. 35. Mitra Sandhya 1996. . P. 32.IV 27. N. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. 38. 1993. Elsevier Science. A. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. J. Razdan M. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. E. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. CRS press LLC. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. K. 40. K. Razdan M. 33. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. J. and Wackernagel W. 34. Gustafson J. 39. Pvt. K. and Lal S. S. and Bajaj Y. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Trigiano R. P. 1996. Ltd. Pvt. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. Chrispeels M. W. Pvt. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. 1979. Kumar U. 1999. Ruger W. Ltd. U. and Sadava D. 47. S. Genes and Agriculture. 1999 Genomes. 37. 31. 41. S. and Gray D. 29. Chawala H. 43. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. Reinert J. Ltd. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. and Mahadevan A. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. R. and Bhojwani S. CRC Press. Tissue and Organ culture. Brown T. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Winkler. K. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. Standard methods of biochemical analysis.Special Paper. and Cocking E. 28. and Primrose S. 46. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. Razdan M. 1994 Plants. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. Singh B. USA. Manibhushanrao K. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Singapore. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. 30. Old R. D. 42. Gustafson J. 36. Lal R. Springer –Verlag. Vidhyashekaran P. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. Gupta P. 2000 Genomes. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. C.

2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. 12. 51. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. Cambridge University Press. Francis Ouellette and B.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids.48. Mount D. 13. 15. 52. B. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10. Anders Krogh. Andreas Bazevanis. Graeme M. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 49. 11. 1987 From Genes to Clones. 50. 14. Eddy. Wennacker Ernst L. F. . W. Jagota A. Durbin R.. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 9. F. 16. Sean R. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Journal of Experimental Botany Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology Journal of Plant Biotechnology International Journal of Food Science and Technology.

Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. 12.Conceptual model. physical anatomy.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. leaf area index 11. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. Global primary productivity patterns.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. seed (5) germination. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Methods of primary productivity measurements. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Energy from wastes. geographic (LAI). other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Working model. Conservation of energy (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) . Biological methods. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. (3) 9. (7) UNIT 2: 10. 8. Ecosystem modeling. (5) distribution. (8) 10. UNIT 4: 11. species environment (microclimate). 10. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Transects. Bisects. Biomass production by the species. Hydrogen fuel.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 7. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential.

Setting up an ecological model. Study of petro crops and other energy plants.Practicals. Use of ecological model in the field study. 14. 11. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. Study of population growth curve. aquatic . Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. 11. Ecological data collection for computer use. 18. 17. Study of Leaf Area Index. Determination of calorific value of wood. 16. 10. 13. Study of rooting of the cuttings. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. 12. UNIT 6: 15. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 10.

Pathogens. Oxygen sag analysis. causes and consequences. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: C) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation.Conservation and management. Carbon and world climates. Air pollution monitoring devices. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario.44 PAPER. Nuclear winter. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) . Vehicular and Industrial gases. (6) D) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. In India. salts. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. heavy metals. Mining.Role of plants and microbes. Air quality loss.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Methodology. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Self purification of natural streams. pesticides. Vermitechnology. UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. heat.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. Waste management. Recycling of resources. Nutrients.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4.

Study of garbage. Study of wetland macrophytes. 14. EIA study-I. Measurement of vehicular pollution. 19. 12. 18. UNIT 5: 11. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. 16.Practicals. EIA study-II. 13. 20. UNIT 6: . Measurement of dust fall. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. Study of Biological Indicators. 15. 17. Study of IUCN Red list categories.

catalogues. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. concepts of species. analysis and data presentation. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. Robert kid. periodicals. Haines. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Fyson. 5 camparium. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). cultivated and economic plants. Parkinson. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. Brandis. ecospecies. Cooke. John Koenig. methodology. William Griffith. methods in biosystematic studies. D. training and conservation of plants. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. tabular and lateral keys. dictionaries. dictionaries and addresses. Typological. T. Buchnan. Robert Wight. bibliographies. glossaries. dates of publication. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. N. outstanding botanical libraries. Biological and alternative species concepts. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. scope and limitations. 5 . steps in biosystematic study. biographical references.Semester IV B O-4.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. John Burman. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. Wallich. Gamble. C. acosta.Nominalistic. location of type specimens. world floras and manuals. Santapau. its role in research and teaching. review serials. computerized keys.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. Prain. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. monographs and revisions. J. Duthie. color charts. Van Rheede. concept of genus and family. Thomas Thomson. their merits and demerits. Roxbugh. cenospecies. maps and cartography. concept of species. Hooker and recent phase by Collet.

8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation- quantum, Mayrean, catastrophic, local ecological, geographic, phyletic; speciation and evolution of species. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC

5

POSITION, 15

INTERELATIONSHIPS, PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae, Lemnaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Bigoniaceae,

Passifloraceae, Caricaeae, Salicaeae, Arecaeae, Pandanaceae, Araceae,

• • •

Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Caricaeae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Arecaeae, Bigoniaceae, Pandanaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae,

Araceae, Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Selected Readings • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi.

Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London.

Taylor, D. V. and

L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • Shivanna, k. R. and B. M. Johri 1985. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Wiley Eastern limited, New Delhi. • Endress Peter, K. 1994. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Cambridge. • • Richard, A. J. 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. (2ed.) Chapman and Hall. Rao, R. R. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra-Dun. • Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC,Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Semester IV B O-4.45 ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS (Special Paper- IV)

Unit-I

1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil angiosperms; Time of origin of angiosperms; Cradle of angiosperms; probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory, coniferales-amentiferae theory, gnetales-angiosperm theory, anthostrobilus theory, caytonian theory, stachyospory-phyllospermae theory, pteridosperm theory, pentoxylales theory and durian theory; monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms.

9

Unit-II

2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of IndiaPalmae: Musa Palmoxylon, cardiospermum; Sonnertioxylon, Guttiferae: Sahniocarpon, Indocarpa, Rhizopalmoxylon, Gramineae: Sonnertiorhizos, Myrtaceae: Harissocarpon, Palmocarpon; Graminocarpon; Sahnianthus, Sahnipushpam; Daberocarpon,

6

Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron, Tricoccites; Pandanaceae: Viracarpon; Musaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Enigmocarpon; Malvaceae:

Chitaleypushpam. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale, geographical history, 5

Continental Drift, Land Bridges, shifting of poles, theories of differentiation and natural selection, types and areas of natural distribution, centre of origin, theory of tolerance, phytogeographic regions of the world, Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity, its importance, assessment, loss and conservation, ethical principles of conservation biology, World organisation for conservation of biodiversity, Red List categories of IUCN, means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism, categories, biodiversity of India, megacentres of endemism in India; Keystone and flagship species, endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra, sacred grooves and their importance. 5 5

pollination mechanism. butterfly and wasps flowers. androecium. ornithophily. Hydatellaceae. tour report. Typhaceae. pollen. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. Rhizophoraceae. Co-evolution of angiosperms. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Polygalaceae. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. Polygalaceae. Loranthaceae. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Unit-II Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. Santalaceae. Loranthaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. moth. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Viscaceae.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). fly. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Xyridaceae. Santalaceae. moth. Apiaceae. Sapindaceae. Viscaceae. Xyridaceae. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. Eriocaulaceae. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. Rhizophoraceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. cheiropterophily. insects and fungi. anemophily. Typhaceae. entemophily-bee. corolla. Carpenter bee. Sapindaceae. 15 Eriocaulaceae. (In second term of IV Semester. ) . 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. carpenter bee. biology of floral parts-calyx. Hydatellaceae. • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. types of 15 pollination. Apiaceae. butterfly and wasps flowers. Sketching. fly. style and stigma. sex distribution in plants. hydrophily. chasmogamy and cleistogamy.

J. U.) 1980. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Heywood 1991. P. and B. and L. • • Richard. A.. Plant Breeding Systems. USA.. M. Blakie Academic & Professional. . R. • Taylor. M. Pvt. Kerala • Ahmedullah. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I.A. K. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. A. New Delhi. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. 1994. New Delhi . London. INC.Publishers. Co. Johri 1985. • Davis. N. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. Cmpbell C. • Quicke. New Delhi. Sinauer Associates. Donald.S. Massachusetts. J. and V. M. 1993. New Delhi. Cambridge. A. K. • Shivanna. Plant Systematics. 1951. New Delhi. Hickey 1997. • Lawrence George H. 1994. and M. DST. Columbia University Press. Nayar. H. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. (2ed. Oxford and IBH Publ. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. Dehra-Dun. Muktesh Kumar [ed.Sunderland. Flowering Plants: Origin. New York. L. 1984.F.) Allen Press. and M. • Endress Peter. New Delhi. and M. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. 1988. J. S. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. R. • Judd Walter S. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. • Synge. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. J. 1981. V. V. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. R. • Rao.) Chapman and Hall. A. Kollogg. Nayar. Palode. 1987. P. 1997. Ltd. S. Wiley Eastern limited. Stevens P. P. Ltd. M.. • Naik. H. k. Today and Tommorow Publications.] 1998. Hugh (ed. John Wiley & Sons. 1996. D. Nepal and Bhutan. • Cronquist. E. S. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. • Manilal.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Botanical Survey of India. Donoghue 2008. Evolution and Phylogeny.

ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. factors affecting. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. Abiotic factors . pesticide.floral and faunal components. sewage. sources and impact. Sea as an environment. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. nutrients) Physical ( light. CO2. Oceans. physiological. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. Oil.M. Natural and anthropogenic stress . Types of Coasts. distribution. Calcification. reef algae. UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. distribution and types. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . etc ) and Geological (oceans. Sc. Concept of Marine Park. Ecological significance. 5 10 9 10 5 5 10 . temperature. Role of phytoplankton. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. Detritus based food chain. ocean floor)factors. Human impact. tidal action. diversity. Threats and conservation measures. Toxic metal pollution. wind. Biotic factors . O2. Anatomical. Biomagnification. waves.Chemical (salinity.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. Estuaries.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. morphological adaptations in mangroves. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem.

e) Determination of phosphate from seawater.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. and chlorinity of seawater . salinity. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. trichomes. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. pH. sclerides in mangroves . d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. c) Study of salts glands.

COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. cereals.M. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. DIATOMS: Application and uses. oil crops. . live stock. Sc. medicinal products. Source of iodine.crops. Use of GPS. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. aquaculture.Gracilaria etc. Undaria .food . gas exchange. ornamentals. potential genetic resources. Mariculture of Porphyra . UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. feed. pulses. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. 8 Domestic bioresources . Similarity index etc. Species diversity index. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. Storage of specimen. Medicinal uses. litter fall. Herbarium technique. difficulties in getting axenic culture. fire wood. Industrial applications of seaweeds.Standing crop.32 MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI (SPECIAL PAPER IV) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting.Laminaria. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. horticultural 7 5 8 2 5 7 8 . modelling technique). Chemical preservation. timber. Wild bioresources . fodder. apiculture. crops.

e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae.I. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. and similarity index of mangroves.D. d) Determination of S. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth.

Pinus etc. biotransformation. Gene banks (5). edible antibodies (6). Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). Practical (2 Units. Anther. Ficus etc. (5). cell suspension. cell cultures. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. selectable markers. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Bioreactor. 4. (8). 7. edible vaccines.III) B O 4.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. reporter genes (4). Study of synseeds. 10. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). Study of transgenic plants. . orchids. c) Molecular farming.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Applications in public sector (2). 11. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. Somatic embryogenesis.Secondary metabolites from callus. Cell suspension culture. 2&3.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Factors affecting product yield. 5. Theory (4 Units. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. Preparation of biofertilizers. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. embryo culture. Hairy root culture. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). 6. Tectona. 8&9. Any 8) 1.

b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Hup genes (5). Food. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Practical (2 Units. microbes in leaching of metals (10). Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. Nod genes. c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). 6&7. Sources of patent information. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. cooperative programmes (5). 8. Any 8) 1&2. . Symbiotic N2 fixation. Collection. b) Global biotech scenario. 3. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Agro biotech fields. Visit to Biotech firms. 11. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions.IV) B O 4. Formulation of patent proposal. Intellectual Property protection. 9&10. public verses private enterprises.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. 4&5.47: APPLICATION. a case study (5). Nif genes. Study of GMOs. b) Patent systems in India. wastewater treatment. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells.

1994. Schlegel.J.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. 4. International Book Distributing Co. P.. P. Washington. Ravishankar. Elements of Biotechnology. Srivastava.principles and practice. A.Biotechnology.1994.Ltd. Mitra.A. Special Paper. 4. Washington. Marcel Dekker. B.1995. G.Wiley Eastern Ltd. New York. H. S. Elements of Biotechnology.1997. 1996. General microbiology. Jodhpur.Mcmilan. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Technology information. Rastogi Publisher. 2000.R.1994. 5. New Delhi. ASM Press. 1998. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. and Reddy. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Technology information. 2. Trehan. Lecture notes on patents. New York. India. D. B.and Ahuja.Microbial biotechnology. Marcel Dekker. 6. Meerut.K. 6. Glick.l. and Pasternak. Altman. Reddy. Purohit.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. India ltd.R. I. 7. Genetic Engineering. .S. K.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.P.J. New Delhi. Scientific Publishers. Chavala. Meerut. 2. 1998. S.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.Molecular Biotechnology.Agrobios. S. 5. 2002. New Delhi. ASM Press. J. Glick. J.III 1. Rastogi Publisher. 3.Molecular Biotechnology. and Pasternak. H.M. H.and Venkataraman. Technology Bhavan. 8. B. L. India.V.K.K. India. Cambridge University Press. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.IV 1.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Kakralya. 2000.2001. India. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). 3.G.. Pvt.1997. Gupta. Altman. New Delhi. A. 1998. 9. Agricultural Biotechnology. Technology Bhavan New Delhi.R.. Gupta. Agricultural Biotechnology.

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