SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY Syllabus for the Semester System Examination ( Academic Flexibility, Credit System) w.e.f. January 2008 for M.Sc. Part - I ( Semester I & II ) No. ( Semester III & IV ) No. from January 2009. and for M.Sc. II

M.Sc. BOTANY REVISED SYLLABUS (Academic Flexibility) (Credit System)
1. The entire course of M. Sc. (Botany) will be of four semesters spread over within two years. 2. There shall be four theory papers and four practicals (each based on one theory paper) in every semester. Each semester course shall comprise of four units per theory paper per week. One practical of two units per paper per week. 3. Every theory paper shall be having four units and every practical shall be having two units. 4. There shall be one elective paper and corresponding practical among the four papers per semester and the students from other departments can opt for this particular elective paper. The decision regarding admission of such other departmental students will be made by departmental committee of Botany Department. 5. Each unit in theory paper shall comprise of 15 lectures of 60 minutes duration and there shall be four lectures per paper per week. There shall be four practicals (each with not less than three hour duration) per week. Library (Reference) work/ Excursion/ Field Work/Seminar –Group Discussion/Project Work shall also be conducted in every week. 6. Among the four Theory papers there shall be one elective paper per semester. 7. There shall be at least two short tours per year for all students. For M.Sc. I students there shall be one long tour (in a year) out of the state to Botanical Regions, Research Institutes / Centers. All excursion tours, short and long, are obligatory to each student. Candidates shall require to produce, the following at the time of practical examination (at the end of each semester). :i) A laboratory journal of practicals and field record book duly signed by the concerned teacher from time to time. A set of micro preparations (semi / permanent) of plant materials illustrating the subject matter of the relevant paper.

ii)

At least 10-15 Herbarium specimens and preserved specimens (preferably of weeds) collected by the Candidate during the field work or excursion tour.

8. Various subject specializations intradepartment-elective are available at M. Sc. II ( Sem. III and IV). The Department offers one of the following specializations to each student on the basis of his/ her merit and willingness and availability of seats. (Subject distribution centralized). • • • • • • • • Plant Physiology Mycology and Plant Pathology Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding Energy, Ecology and Environment Angiosperm Taxonomy Marine Botany Plant Biotechnology Palaeobotany (Presently Suspended).

9. The entire course of M. Sc. in Botany will be of 2500 marks. So every semester will be of 600 marks; 400 marks for theory papers (4) and 200 marks for practicals (4), along with 50 marks for project work in semester III and semester IV. 10. Each theory paper will be of 100 marks (80 marks theory paper + 20 marks internal). Each semester (usually at the mid of the semester) there will be an internal test of 20 marks (20 multiple choice questions) and theory examination of 80 marks per paper (of 2.5 h duration) at the end of semester. 11. Each practical performance will be of 50 marks (20 marks internal + 30 marks external). There will be a separate practical examination for every paper carrying 30 marks. (Four separate Practicals). Each practical examination will be of 3 h duration. 12. A Project / Assignment will be given to every student during III and IV semesters, and each student will be examined for his / her project for 50 marks every semester. (50 × 2 = 100 marks for project, submission and oral presentation). 13. In each theory question paper (carrying 80 marks) seven questions will be put, out of which the candidate shall have to attempt five questions (carrying 16 marks each). The weightage to different types of questions is as follows :i) Descriptive or essay type questions 50 – 60 % ii) Short answer type questions (20- 30 %) The last (7 ) question of short answer type questions will be compulsory (based on entire syllabus).
th

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M.Sc. Part I (Semester - I) Theory Papers : B O 1.1 B O 1.2 B O 1.3 Elective I B O 1.4 Practicals: B O P 1.1 B O P 1.2 B O P 1.3 B O P 1.4 : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany M.Sc. Part I (Semister - II) Theory Papers: B O 2.1 B O 2.2 B O 2.3 Elective II B O 2.4 Practicals: B O P 2.1 B O P 2.2 B O P 2.3 B O P 2.4 : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation M.Sc. Part II (Semister - III): B O 3.1 Elective III B O 3.2 Special paper I B O 3.31 B O 3.32 B O 3.33 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

37 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.2 : Energy.44 B O 3. Part II (Semister .IV) : Theory Papers: B O 4.35 B O 3.Sc.34 B O 3. Sc.32 B O 4. Development and Reproduction : Plant Physiology and Metabolism M.1 B O P 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.34 B O 4.47 Practicals : B O P 3.37 Special paper II B O 3.43 B O 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering B O P Special paper I B O P Special paper II Project Work: B O 3.1 Elective IV B O 4.46 B O 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Structure.36 B O 3. Part II Syllabus… .45 B O 3.35 B O 4.31 B O 4.42 B O 3.5 : Project work/Assignment work M.36 B O 4.B O 3.33 B O 4.2 Special paper III B O 4.41 B O 3.

2 BOP BOP Project Work: B O 4.41 B O 4.Special Paper IV B O 4.44 B O 4.43 B O 4.45 B O 4.1 B O P 4. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . Development and Reproduction : Special paper III : Special paper IV : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.5 : Project work/Assignment work : Plant Physiology and Metabolism : Plant Structure.42 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology M.46 B O 4.47 Practicals: B O P 4.

Ultrafiltration Isoeletricfocussing. UV-VIS. Tracer Techniques : Isotopes is biochemistry / biology units of radioactivity. safety and care. 9. Collection and Preservation of plant material. Cryopreservation 8 3 4 M.B O 1. importance. Sc. 8. plant) media preparation. Applications in genomics. The Variance. fungi. hot air oven. experimental report. Standard units of expression. X-ray Diffraction : Brief idea with principle Unit: IV 10. Use nets. Unit: III 7. algae. Equipments – Laminar air flow. Ion exchange and Affinity chromatography Gel electrophoresis. centrifuge Electricautoclaves 11. Bioinformatics: Definition. 8 7 8 5 2 sterilization. . Applications of radioisotopes. Useful sites Unit: II 5. inoculation. pH-electrode. MASS Spectrometry. E3 4 4 4 mail. Electrochemical Techniques : Principles. Biostatistics : Measures of Dispersion and Variability. shaker. Liquid Scintillation Counting. Search Engine. Biosensors. 6. low and high speed centrifuges ultracentrifuge. Biological Data Bases.1 Pre-requisite Course Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. 2. Measurement of radioactivity – Geiger-Muller. Ion-selective electrodes. Laboratory note book. Computers in Biology : Modern computers. Palaeobotanical Techniques : Peel technique Palaeopalynological studies. BeerLambert’s law. oxygen electrode. 4. Spectroscopic Techniques : Basic principles Nature of electromagnetic radiation. discipline. thermobath. biomolecular structure. 12. NMR. The Coefficient of variation 3. Culture Technique : Principles. Browsers. types (bacteria. Biochemistry Laboratory : Laboratory. Fluorescence and Absorption spectrophotometry – Instrumentation and applications. Part II Syllabus… . stirrer. Modem. Internet(www/http). medical science etc. constituents. Density gradient separation Column chromatography. Separation Techniques: Basic principles of centrifugation.

Practicals : UNIT : I (Any Four practicals) 1.Colowick and Kaplan Academic Press. A field and laboratory manualHall. etc. Jain and R. Experimental plant physiology – J. R. Arditti and Dunn. Use of search engine for literature / reference work / Searching biochemical literature 6. Academic Press (1970). E. ANOVA use of computer. Scurlik. K. R. pH – measurement and preparation of buffers. Hall. Academic Press New York (1989) 3. Separation of proteins by gel electrophoresis 10. K. Wilson and J. M. Education. Density gradient centrifugation – A separation technique List of Books : 1.-Ralph. Schwer and Zeclinskin publ. Verification of Beer and Lambert’s law Units: II (Any Four practicals) 7. Blakie. Goswami. Rao. House. applied genetics and Bio-statistics Goswami H. N. / E-mail operations 5.C. Singapore. Sc. Ed. 11. Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment. Study of instruments / equipments. Himalayan Publ. Methods in Experimental Biology. Peel technique for fossil studies 9. Long and Sourlock. Handbook of field and herbarium techniques S. (1961) 11. ppm . Pergamon press Oxford (1985) 7. (1975). Accessing biological data bases. (1993) 5.Mungikar.-Radioactive counetrs. (1997). Techniques in Bioproductivity and photosynthesis by – Coombs. Publ. photomicrography. 10. 12.(2005). M. Bombay (1993) 2. Part II Syllabus… . 3. N. Walker (2000) Cambridge Publ. R. An Introduction to Biometry. 4. London 13. 9. X-Ray diffraction. A. M. 8. Flame photometer. 6. Pearsa. Practical cytology. Preparation of standard solutions. Determination of Correlation coefficient. 4. Modern Experimental Biochemistry-Boyer. Bolhar Nordenkampt. and R. R. Leagood and Long Chapman and Hall Publ. Saraswati Printing Press Aurangabad. A. Studies in Paleobotany-Andrews. Plant histochemistry – Jensen. Methods in plant molecular biology – M. 2. Practical Biochemistry : Principles and Techniques. Methods in enzymology. 8. H.

organic acids. M.2 Biology and Diversity of Fungi. Spheropsidales 2 5. growth. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Ustilaginales Agaricales. 2. growth.B O 1. Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales. Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hyphomycetales Melanconiales. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders 13 Orders Dictysteliales Stemonitales Chytridiales Plasmadiophoromycetales Perenosporales Mucorales Taphrinales Eurotiales 13 1 1 Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gastomycetes Hyphomycetes Coelomycetes antibiotics and enzymes. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Classification of Fungi by Alexopoulos and Mims (1979) 3. Part II Syllabus… . General Characters of Fungi. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders Classes Acrasiomycetes Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Plasmadiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Hemiascomycetes Plectomycetes Unit : II (15) 4. Sc. Algae and Bryophytes Total Lectures : 60 Fungi Unit: I (15) 1.

air. and inter relationship of following orders Sphaerocarpales. water and host. Sc. phylogeny. Reproduction. Phylogeny and interrelationship of following classes with reference to the forms mentioned against the classes Cyanophyceae Chlorophyceae Xanthophyceae Bacillariophyceae Phaeophyceae Rhodophyceae Bryophytes Unit: IV (15) • • • Trends in classification of Bryophytes. Oscillatoria. habit. Pithophora. Origin of Bryophytes Distribution. Role of Algae in human welfare Structure. Fritchella. : Dictyota. morphology.Sphagnales.Algae Unit: III (15) • • • • Classification in Algae Culture. Scytonema. Coleochaete. Class Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Order Stemonitales Chytridiales Types Stemonitis Physoderma. Draparnaldia. 2 1 8 2 2 : Gloeoecapsa. Botrydium. 2) Detailed study of following types from each of the following orders. : Pinnularia. : Vaucheria. Synchytrium 1 5 M. their inoculation on culture media. Cladophora. 9 2 2 2 Practicals Unit: I (15) • Fungi 1) Isolation of fungi from soil. Bryophytes as indicators of pollution. Jungermanniales. : Gracillaria. Ulva. Padiana. Part II Syllabus… . Buxbaumiales • • Economic importance of Bryophytes. reproduction. Takakiales. Spirulina : Mougeotia. Cultivation and methods of preservation.

Polyporus. Singh (1971) 2. H. Asterina Melampsora. T. P.D. B. (1986) 3. R. Gangulee. Bremia. and A. Desikachary. Cyathus Alternaria. Targionia. Porella Notothyllus Polytrichum M. Kumar. Uromyces. III Taxonomy and Biology of Blue green algae : : : : Asterella.C.P.V. Albugo. Sharma.Plasmodiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Plectomycets Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gasteromycetes Deuteromycetes Unit :II (15) • Algae Plasmodiophorales Perenosporales Mucorales Eurotiales Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales Agaricales Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hypomycetales Melanconiales Plasmodiophora (Slide) Plasmopara. Colletotrichum Study of Algae: Types mentioned against each class in theory paper (available specimens / slides) • Bryophytes Morphological. H. Algae 1. B. O. Vashista. (1994) 4. N. Kar (1992) 6. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Marchantiales Jungermanniales Anthocerotales Polytrichales Reference Books and Journals. Part II Syllabus… . Cyathodium Fossombronia. Agaricus. Sc. (1972) Textbook of Algae Textbook of Algae Textbook of Botany – Algae Botany for degree students-Algae College Botany Vol. Pandey.Rhizopus Penicillium. (1995) 5. Aspergillus Claviceps Peziza Capnodium. Mucor. K. and H.

and A. Sharma. N.J. Mims (1979) 2. B. V. (1967) 5. Subramanan. Fritsch. Chopra.Trimukchar (1952) 9. Kar (1992) 6. M. (1955) 6. C. Chapman. H. K. Chapman (1965) Journals 1. W. Sussman 4. R. Mahasagar 5. Venkataraman et al. N. Kashyap. IV. I – Bryophyta : Bryology in India : Cryptogamic Botany Bol. 4.S. G. Sparrdo F.V.A and IV-B : Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi : College Botany Vol. Phycologia 3. Dayal (1995) Bryophytes 1. Thind K. and C. (1965) 8. Phykos.J. Ram Udar (1976) 5. Indian Journal of Marine Biology Fungi. J. Sc. S. R. Part II Syllabus… . Seaweed Research. (1971) 8. (1996) 9. K. Watson. Gangulee. (1974) 9. E. Bessey. F. R. G. Watson. Mundkur B. (1960) 10. Vashista. and D. Kumra (1988) Structure of Algae and Reproduction Algae-Form and Function The Algae : Introductory Mycology : Textbook of Fungi : The Fungi Vols. I : The Myxomycetes of India : Hyphomycetes : Ustihlaginales of India : Aquatic phycomycetes : Aquatic Fungi of India : Inter-relationship of Bryophytes : Liverworts of Western Himalayas and the Punjab Plains Part I and II : An introduction to Embryophyta.B. 1. Smith. (1963) 8. II. (1959) 4. C. (1977) 7. S. Ainsworth. (1929) 3.V. Bol. II : The Structure and life of Bryopytes : British Mosses and Liverworts : Botany for degree students -Brtophyta : Biology of Bryophytes. (1964) 2. and P. E. S. Parihar. Alexopoulos.K.J.S.O. Cavers. III. V. and M. E. 2.7. A. M. E. I. and A.R. (1989) 3. (1964) 7. G. O.

Study of Species diversity index 5. 7. Temperature and Transparency) 3. Models of plant 7 8 7 Population growth and structure: Concept and attribrutes. Study of satellite imagery and vegetation Analysis Unit: II (15) 6. MAB. Environmental Education Programmes : WWF. Determination of field capacity of Soil. 8 Allogenic and Autogenic Succession. 10. Survivorship curves. Mortality. 8 7 M. Estimation of primary productivity of an aquatic ecosystem 8. Part II Syllabus… . Life table and age structure. Determination of hardness of Water 9. Global sinks and pollution cycle Practicals: ( 2 Units. Sc. Biotic potential and Natality. Study of phytoplankton 2. Any 8) Unit: I (15) 1. Habital Ecology : Fresh Water and Marine water ecology (ecosystems) 2. Evaluation of abiotic components of aquatic ecosystem (PH. Determination of phytomass 4. Law of population growth curves. Climatic Climax. Determination of residual Chlorine from Water sample.B O 1. 15 Unit: IV 6. Ecological reports based on tour and / or analysis. Biosphere Reserve Unit: III 5. Introduction of Remote Sensing technique and Geographical Information system (GIS) 7. IUCN. Wetlands and their Characteristics – Classification of Wetlands & Examples 4.3 Plant Ecology Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Succession : Succession Unit: II 3.

Plant Ecology – R. K. S. Environmental Impact Assessment. 1993.W. Rastogi publications. J. Covel. Odum. 1974 9. 1978 10. Fundamentals of Ecology – E. Dhot 1990 6. J. 1978 21. Verma. Ecology workbook – R. Dary et. 1985 3. Progress of Plant Ecology Ed. dt.F. Reimold and W. 18. 1973 7. Meerut 27. E. Goel. H. Misra. K. S. Al. 1988.W. P. Progress of Plant Ecology in India – R. Freysen and T. Principles of environmental Biology – P. H. Kormond. . K. Part II Syllabus… . Environmental Impact Assessment of Govordhan.J. 1961 15. Clements 13. Patterns of primary production in the biosphere H. Practical Methods in Ecology and Environmental Science . Prentice – Hall of India. Theridam 4. Taxonomy and Ecology . Krens. B. R. New Delhi 25. Kershaw 20. Heywood 22. Trivedy. Misra.V. Misra 5. Plant succession and indicators – F. H. Sharma. Ecology : The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance – C. The Plant community – Hanson and Churchil. Ecology and Environment – P.P. S. 1981 11. Queens. Lieth. T. D. Odum. P. Air pollution and forests – W. Sc. 1979 16. W. Smith.K.V. Wedendrop. An Introduction to Air Pollution (1995) – R. I – Ed. Horper and Row (1978) 8. 2. Concept of Ecology (1996) – Edward J. Quantitative and dynamic ecology – K. Plant Ecology – Weaver and Clemests 14. Ambsht. Al. P. K. 1990. Ecology of halophytes – R. Enviro Media Publ. V. Plant strategies and vegetation process 0 J. J. Karad 26. Trivedy 24.List of Books : 1. Concept of Ecology (Environmental Biology) . Chand and Company Ltd. 12. Nair. Grime 23.P. Environmental management of mining operations – B. Plant pollution ecology – A.R. Structure and functioning – A. Technology Assessment. New Delhi. M. Agarwal. 1996 17. A. Ecology – E. 1973 19.

Marattiales Filicales . Ginkgoales. reproductive organs and affinities of extant members of following orders. Welwitschiales 10 5 • Applied aspects of Gymnosperms Paleobotany UNIT IV (15) Study of morphology. anatomy. Salviniales Gymnosperms UNIT II (15) • • • Recent trends in Classification Evolution in Reproductive structures of Cycadales Woods of Coniferales (15) 5 5 5 10 2 3 UNIT III • Study of morphology. Gymnosperms and Paleobotany Total Lectures: 60 Pteridophytes UNIT I (15) 1) Classification of Pteridophytes 2) Current trends of research in Pteridophytes 3) Comparative morphology. Part II Syllabus… .Marattiales.Sigillariales 8 M. Ephedrales. Lepidodendrales Sphenophyllates Psilophytales. reproduction and phylogeny of following orders with reference to the forms mentioned against each.4 (Elective I) Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes. Filicales. Sc.B O 1. Lycopodiales. anatomy and evolutionary trends of following groups of plants. Taxales. Psilotales.

Gangmopteris. Sahnianthus Glossopteris. Scutellum Ginkgo. Deccan Intertrappean flora Paleopalynological techniques – Coal maceration. Study of following specimens : Sigillariales Sphenophyllales Marattiales Filicales Medullosales Coniferales Cycadaless Angiosperms : : : : : : : : Sigillaria Stem Sphenophyllum Stem Psaronius stem Rodeites. Pteris Angiopteris Salvinia M. specimens / slides. Taxus. stem. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Psilotales Lycopodiales Filicales Marattiales Salviniales UNIT II (15) • • Study of the morphology and anatomy of the vegetative and reproductive parts of Araucaria. Microsorium. Dictyozarrites Palmoxylon. Lignite maceration 5 2 Morphological.Practicals UNIT I (15) Pteridospermales : Medullosales Bennettitales . Podocarpus. Rajamahal Hill flora. and Ephedra from available : : : : : Tmesipteris Lycopodium. Pachytesta Elatocladus. Cupressus. Isoetes Gleichenia. Brachyphyllum Ptilophyllum. Enigmocarpon. Selaginella.Williamsonials Cycalales Cordiaitales Coniferales Indian fossil flora – Glossopteris flora. Sc. Gleichenites Medullosa. Part II Syllabus… .

Reference Books : Trivedi, A. N. (2002) Bierhorst, D.W.(1971) Rashid, A. (1978) Spome, K.R. (1966) Bower, F. O. (1963) Jermy, A. G. (1973) Vashishta, B.R. (1996) Parihar, N.S. (1959) Arnold, C.A. (1972) Darroh, W.C. (1968) Surange, K.R. (1968) Journals – American Fern Journal International Journal of plant sciences. Bierhorst, D.W. (1971) Chamberlein, C.J. (1966) Coulter and Chumberlein, J. M. Ramanujan, C.G.K. (1979) Spome, K.R. (1967) Vashistha, P.C. (1976) Arnold, C. A. (1972) Andrews, H.N. (1961) Darroh, W.C. (1960) Surange, K. R. (1968) – Morphology of vascular plants - Gymnosperms, Structure and Evolution - Morphology of Gymnosperms - Indian Gymnosperms in Time and Space - Morphology of Gymosperms - The Gymnosperms - An Introduction to Pateobotany - Studies in Pateobotany - Principles of Paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophyles - The Gymnosperms - Advances in Pteridology - Morphology of Vascular plants - An introduction ot Peridophytes - Morphology of Ptseridophytes - The Ferns - The Phylogeny and Classification of ferns. - Botany for degree students – Pteridophytes - An Introduction to Pteridophyta - An introduction to paleobotany - Principles of paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophytes

Eames, A. J. and E. M. Giffard (1950) - Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Foster, A. S. and Gifford, E. M. (1959)- Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1996)- The Gymnosperms.

Shukla, A.C. and Mishra, S.D. (1975)- Essentiales of Paleobotany Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1975) Stewart, W. N. (1983) - Paleobotany and the evolution of plants, Cambridge U.S.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Semester - II

B O 2.1Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants
Total Lectures: 60 UNIT: I (15) 1. Dynamic cell: General account of plant cell structure specialized plant cell types and pumps, receptors, transport 4 4 7 UNIT: II (15) 4. Organization and expression of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Nucleo- organelle interactions 6. Nucleus : Structure, nuclear pores, nucleosome organization. microfilaments, motor movements implications in flagellar and other movements UNIT: III (15) 8. Cell cycle and apoptosis : control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent Kinases : Cell plate formation . Mechanism of programmed cell death 9. Nucleic acids : Structural pecularities of DNA and RNA Law of DNA constancy and C – value paradox, DNA polymorphism, DNA damage and repair 10. Protein sorting : targeting of proteins to organelles, UNIT: IV (15) 11. Protein Biosynthesis : Concepts of central dogma, reverse transcription, mechanism of transcription, RNA polymerase and its role, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing), Gene concept, split genes, genetic code, deciphering the code, concept of degeneracy and Wobble hypothesis, mechanism of protein synthesis. GISH, confocal microscopy 10 5 12. Techniques in cell biology : In Situ hybridization to locate transcripts incell types, FISH, 4 7 4 5 2 5 5. Plant vacuole – Tonoplast membrane ATP ases, Transporters, as storage organelle 3 2. Plasma membrane : Structure, models and functions, sites for ATP ion carriers, channels 3. Plasmodesmata : structure, role in movement of molecules, comparison with gap junctions

7. Cell shape and motility : The cytoskeleton, organization and role of microtubules and

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Practicals : UNIT I 1. Isolation of chloroplasts 2. Separation of chloroplast proteins 3. Isolation and Estimation at DNA from various plants 4. Restriction digestion of DNA, its separation by agarose gel electrophoresis 5. Study of cell types – Guard cells, heterocysts, Sclereids, Storage cells. UNIT II 6. Study of vacuoles from different plants 7. Preparation of feulgen stained chromosome in root iip cells. 8. Effect of colchicine on chromosome movements during mitosis. 9. Use of fluorescent dye to visualize cell components. Reference Books : 1. Johnson Lewys – 2004 : Cell Biology ; sarup and sons, New Delhi 2. E.J. Dupraw – 1970 : Cell and Molecular Biology; Academic Press, London 3. De Robertis and De Robertis – 1997 : Cell and Molecular Biology (VIII); B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 4. C. P. Swanson, T. Merz, and W.J. Young – 1982 : Cytogenetics ; Prentice – Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 5. P.C.L. John (Ed.) – 1981 : The cell cycle; Cambridge University press 6. Benjamin Lewin : Genes – VI, VII and VIII ; Oxford Press. 7. R. A. Chapoldi 1977 : Membrane proteins and their interactions with lipids; Marcel Dekker, inc. N. York 8. A. N. Mortonosi (Ed.) – 1985 : The enzymes of Biological Membrames Vol. I, II and III; Plenum press, New York 9. Watson and others – 2004 : Molecular Biology of the gene ( V); pearses Educatias, Inc India 10. P.C. Turner and others – 2002 : Molecular Biology (II); Viva Books, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 11. W. Ream and K. G. Field – 1999 : Molecular Biology Techniques ; Academic Press, London. 12.Brace Alberts etal – 1983 : Molecular Biology of the cell ; Garland Publ. Inc., New Yorsk. 13.Charlothe J. Avers – 1986 : Molecular cell Biology ; Addision. Wesley Publ. Company 14. Sandhya Mitra – 1988 : Elements of Molecular Biology ; McMillan India Ltd., N. Delhi 15. C. B. Powar – 1992 : Cell Biology; Himalaya Publishing House.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Current and Back Volumes of following Periodicals : 1. Indian journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 9. Trends in Biotechnology M. Cell 3. Journal of Experimental Biology 7. Sc. The Journal of cytology and Genetics 6. Part II Syllabus… . Annual review of plant Biology 2. The journal of Biochemistry 8. Journal of Genetics 5. Cytologia 4.

GPS. Provisions for the governance of the Code. Important Rules Endemism in Western Ghats. Angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Unit: IV Phytogeography hotspots. magnitude. Adaptive radiations mechanisms. utilization. Categories and ranks Evolutionary Concepts : Origin of intra-population variation. Importance of 5 10 5 7 Plant Speciation: Allopathic / Abrupt / Sympatric / Hybrid / Apomictic speciation. population and environment General biological Principle.2 ANGIOSPERM SYSTEMATICS Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I Systematics: A Key science. Sc.B O 2. Computers. importance. Biodiversity. Botanical gardens. The species concept. PRACTICALS: Unit: I (1-6) Unit: II (7-8) (9) (10) Identification of genus and species of locally available wild plants Preparation of botanical keys Study of at least 20 locally available families of flowering plants Field trips within and around the University Campus. Part II Syllabus… . assessment. M. floras. Isolating International Code of Botanical Nomenclature : Salient features-Principles. : Phytogeographic regions of India. Unit: II Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies and Recommendations. Sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research 3 Taxonomic Structure: Taxonomic hierarchy. Biosystematic categories. hotspots and hottest 15 8 Steps in biosystematics. GIS 7 Systems of Angiosperm Classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems. Relevance to conservation. Plant explorations. compilation of field notes and preparation of herbarium sheets of such plants. Cladestics in taxonomy. Importance. Appendices Unit: III Taxonomic tools : Herbarium. conservation. invasions and introductions. Transference of Function. Endemism.

New Delhi Naik. H. F. The systematic Evaluation of comparative data. An Integrated system of Classifications of flowering plants. J.. 1989. Botanical excursion of about one week duration to any botanically rich location preferable outside the State. Ltd. Publishers Quicke. New York Gurcharan Singh. N. Plant Systematics : Theory and practice Oxford and YBH Publishing Co. and L. Sc. Inc. P. J. Hulchikson. R. 1984. M. Columbia University Press. Tomorrow Publications. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGrow-Hill Publication Com. Biseu Sigh Mahendra Pal Sign Pehra Duk. BOOKS : Davis. Today and M. London Stace. Plaul. C) Exotic weeds. Donald. Pvt. Blakie Academic and Professional. Part II Syllabus… . A Hand book of Taxonomy Training. Heywood 1991. A Primer of Conservation Biology. DST. Ltd.. Pvt. New Delhi Manilal. J. Delhi Primak. evolution and phylogeny CBS Publishers a Distributors New Delhi. Hickey 1997. 2004.. A. B) Endemic plants. K. 2002. Taxonomy of vasadar plants Oxford and IBH Publ. 1951. V. Families of flowering plants Lawrence George H. Co. and M. Ltd. 1981. Plant taxonomy . H. D. S. Muktesh Kumar (ed. Sinauer Associales.(11-12) Knowledge of at least 25 plant species from each of the following categories : a) Medicinal Plants. A. 2004. Taxonomy and Biosystematics Etwaed Arnold. Stuessy T. 1959. B. S. London. 1993. Flowering plaub : Origin. C. New Delhi.) 1998. New Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. L. and V. Principles and Techniques of Commemoratory Taxonomy. New Delhi Grnquist. Taylor. V.

Garrett.) epiphytotics. Sesamum. mycoplasma etc) . Trimulachari. Gerbera. morphology and characteristics of MLO’s Identification techniques of MLO’s colonization. J. Role of environmental factors in disease development. Penetration. Grapes. 5 2. Stages of disease development : Pre penetration.B O 2. Unit:III 1.C.3 Plant Pathology Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I 1. Chilly. History of plant diseases: Beginnings of modern plant pathology. Turmeric. 5. Mehta. Potato. Soybean. disease forecasting. Coconut. S.) epidemiology (Slow and rapid. Unit: II 1. plant pathology in 20th century. symptomology. History. (external and internal. C. D. Papaya. collection of samples. Contribution of Woronin. genetical and chemical. M. Unit: IV 1. Sunflower. Teak. MLO : Classification. Khun period. S. Chemistry of plant viruses. Citrus. ultrastructure of TMV. causal organism. Dalbergia. symptomology. Sadavasivan. Coffee. Bajra. Wheat. Part II Syllabus… . J. and Bacteriophage. etiology and management of diseases of : Rice. Bamboo. Economic importance of viruses. Ginger. Cabbage. Defense mechanism in host : Structural. 4. 6 3. Symptomology and Epidemiology : Disease identification based on symptoms. Groundnut. Sc. Jowar. Pigeonpea. Methods of Studying plant diseases and their diagnosis : Field observation. Sugarcane. post penetration and 6 M. Bhendi. Horsefall. 15 15 3 3 2 2 3. Tomato. History. . culturing of pathogenic organisms (fungi. Cotton. Rajmah. Tobacco. isolation and purification of plant viruses. Cucurbits. Onion. K. Koch’s postulates. Roses. conformation of Provost’s work Anton De Bary. T. Brinjal. causal organism. laboratory studies. Introductory Virology : Nomenclature and classification of plant viruses. physiological. 3 2. etiology and management of diseases of: Banana. bacteria. TYMV.

Unit: II 6. Fiber and oil plants Gangopadhyay . Journal of Mycology and plant pathology 4. G. 1979 : Diseases of crop plants in India Singh. Indian journal of phytopathology 3. Early and late Blight. S. K. A. A. 7. Blast. G. 10-12 Estimation of chlorophylls sugars and polyphenols fro healthy and infected leaves. Methods in physiological plant pathology Mehrotra. 1979 : Field Crop Diseases Handbook Pathological Problems of Economic crop plants and their Paul Khurama. S. 1981. Sc. 1963 : Plant Diseases Epidemics and control Rangaswami. Vander. : Experiments in Microbiology. 1980: Plant Pathology Nyvall. Bunt. 8. Tikka. PMV and YVMV. R. Annual review of plant pathology M. Powdery mildew. M. J. 2004: Clinical Plant Pathology Kuijit. Shridhar. Rot. and R. Mahadevan. Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical field. ander. Part II Syllabus… . Wilt. E. R. 1978 : Plant Pathology Aneja. 1993. J. plant pathology and Tissue culture Cooke. 1998 : Plant Diseases Current and back – Volumes of following periodicals : 1. R. 1968 : Disease Resistence in plants. A. J. 5. 1998: management Planke. S. Smut. Anthracnose. F. Reference Books : Agrios. White rust. Blight and Leaf Spot. Mycoplasmal Diseases : Grassy shoot disease and Little leaf Viral Disease : TMV. S. Downy mildew. leaf sopt. Damping off. 1982. Fungal Diseases : Club root. E. R.Practicals : Unit: I 1-4. Planke. 9. Nematode Disease : Root knot Phanerogamic plant Diseases : Total and Partial root and stem parasites Bacterial Diseases : Citrus canker. Journal of phytopathology 2. Rust. 1969: The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. N.

3. condiments. botanical gardens. evolution. Economic importance and utilization of Lower Plant Groups and enzymes. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. cryobanks. gums. Strategies for conservation: ex situ conservation: Principles and practices. seed banks. Ethnobotany : basic principles and scope 5. raw-materials for papermaking. pollution control and esthetics Unit: IV 1. tannins and dyes. Vegetable oil yielding crop (Safflower. mastigatories and funmitories and beverages 2. environmental status of plants based on International Strategies for conservation – in situ conservation : International efforts and Indian initiatives. organic acids. biosphere reserves. in vitro repositories. Plants used in Sericulture 4. General account of petrocrop 3. Part II Syllabus… . M. Green revolution: Benefits and adverse consequences bamboos. Origin. 7 5 5 5 3. 10 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 6 2. Fibre crop (Agave).B O 2. general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI). mangroves and coralreefs for conservation of wild biodiversity 5 2. field gene banks. botany and uses of food crop (rice and Sunflower ) Sugar and biomass crop (Sugarcane) Unit: III 1. Economic importance of microbes 2. Important fire wood and timber yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as pigeonpea). National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR). A brief account of major spices. non-formal conservation efforts. Unit: II 1. Ornamental plants 6. antibiotics Medicinal and Aromatic plants (Curcma longa. Artimesia). Sc. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).4 (Elective II) Plant Resource Utilization and Conservation Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Plants used as avenue trees for shade. resins and fruits. Wetlands. protected areas in India – sanctuaries national parks. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for conservation. narcotics. extinction. Principles of conservation.

: Depending upon the geographical location select any five from campus / wild / crop field Catharanthus roseus.Vegetable oils 9. Bixa. dyes : Perform simple tests for gums and resins. :Mustard.Practicals : Unit: I 1. 2. ICAR New Delhi (1985) Agricultural Botany. Forage / fodder crops : Study of important crops of the locality (Sorghum. Gill and K. & 4. and 8. 10. Sage Pub.) 1) Estimation of proteins 3. Maize. resins. Plant fibres a) Textile fibres b) Cordage fibres c) Fibres for stufting 5. Ashish Publishing House. Eciatific publications Jodhpur A New moral Economy to India’s forests ? – Roger Feffery and Nandini Sundar (1999). K. microscopic structure of oil-yielding tissues. London (1969) Agrofrestry India Perspeetive. Butea. New Delhi. microchemical tests for stored food materials. microscopic study of fibre using appropriate staining procedure. & 6. Garal Duekworth and Co. Adhatoda zeylanica (Syn. Cymbopogon sp. K. Sugarcane Morphology.. C.. A vasica) Jasminum. 12. Chickpea. Safflower. Jha and P. soybean Morphology. T. Sengupta. Part II Syllabus… . Prepare a wet extract of vegetable tannins (Acaeia. Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cotton. Gums. Economically important lower plants – two from each group. S. Vear. Jain. L. New Delhi Allen and Unwin Ltd. Terminalia. anatomy. London (1954) M.K. Field survey and submission of report and scientific visits Books : A manual of ethnobotany Ed. Petro and Sericultural crops. Unit: II 7. Agare : Coir : Silk cotton / Kapok Morphology. Advances in Oilseeds Production and Technology. Lawsonia) 11. Mangroves) Dyes (Turmeric . V. anatomy.. Ramanamurthy. Study of food crops : Wheat. tests for oils and iodine number. tannins.. G. Ltd. Bajra. N. Mentha. Sc.

H. Gopalaswaniengar. New Delhi. Delhi. M. Chapmen and L. Their use and inpact on environment and development. Mcgrow Hill Book Company (1962) Energy Plant Species. (1994) CBS Publishers New Delhi Contributions to Ethnobotany of India. Discovery publishing House. K. P. B. Data Res. Rangaswami. Plantation crops medicinal and arremats Plants. Joryal (1992) Forestry and the People (1994) L. 19996. Jha and P. Bengalore (2001) Herbal Medicines for human health.Shiva. R. N. Introduction to Spices. Forest Resources – Crises and Management Natraj Publishers. (1987) Ashish Pub. P . New Delhi Modern General Science and Technology by Y. Sudarshan. W. Orford and IBH publishing Co. Ministry of Textiles. Donlin. Iralappan Management of Minor forest produce for sustainability M. R. S. S. (2005) Field crops of India by A. Publ. Inc.. Meherhomji and N. Jaji. Vikas Singhal Indian Economic. I. Day Publishing House New Delhi (1997) Handbook of Agriculture. Forbes Publ. K. Banglore Printing and Publishing Company Bangalore (1966) Forest Management (1996). Frrest Wealth of India Inaccesible to impoverished. New Delhi. Dehradun. New M. P. R. B. Dhiman (edt. Central silk Board. Bassam. House. K. A Diamond Jubilee Publication by INSA. Rengedhy G. Pomeranz VCH Publ. Partha ocrruthy Bengalore (1991) Crop Protection Principles and Pratices. Carter. Govt. A. Khader. Aiyer. Mukadam. S. S. A. Forestry Handbook Ed.Varghesee S-VD Complete Gardening of India. Kumar. Center. New Delhi (1996) Economic Botany. Hill A. Publ. Vandana Shiva. Parthasarathy and P. Pvt.P.D. Pupl. Jayant Jaiswal and K.Applied Ethnobotany – E. Ltd. P.D. Jemes and Jemes (Science Publichers) U. Mathur (1996). Trivedy and K. ICAR New Delhi (1969) Handbook of Sericultural Technologies. Dogra and R C. Sc.R. El. D. of India. B. Giridhar. B.M.K. N. K. R. Chaudhary R. Sen Sharma .) 1994. V. By G. Simpson and M-Conner Economic Botany. Jain Indian Agriculture. New Delhi. Publ. Part II Syllabus… .R. The Ronald Press Company New York (1955) Foristry Research and Education in India. Freeman and Company Son Fran (1976) Deep Aublicatins. K.

E.IBM publ.. Rmachandran (1986) CSIR New Delhi. Schery.) John Wiley and Sons.Old and New Series CSIR Publication M. Wickens. N.New Crops for Food and Industry. The Useful Plants of India. Sc. Basil Blackwell Inc. London Ogorzaly. The biological aspects of rate plants conservation Syrge Hugh (ed. Part II Syllabus… . Great Pritan (1976) Tropical forest Resources FAC Forestry Paper (1962) Wealth of India . McGraw Hill Intenational Edition (1986) Oxfod. Hag. The Purpose of forests – Jack Westoby (1987).Day. New Delhi (1997) Plants For Man. George P. Chapmen and Hall Scientific Publishers Jodhpur 1996. K. New York Tropical – Pulses by J. 1980.. Smartt – Lengman Group Ltd. Ed. G. Publi. R-M.

A. Chlorophytum Rhoeo discolor or any other ideal plants 8. Visit to National Research Institute/ NBPGR centers/ Seed Company and submission of field diary. Applications of computer in plant breeding Practical (2 Units. Cytoplasmic male sterility 7 b) Crop Genetic Resources: Centers of origin of cultivated plants. 4.SEMESTER III BO 3. 2 2 15 6. Migration. Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA. Importance of molecular marker assisted breeding. Study of floral biology of crop plants 11. M. Karyotype evolution 15 Unit 2: a) Genetics of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Mapping of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. Natural selection). Methods of breeding in self and cross pollinated crops. Genetic problems on gene mapping in higher plants 12. Genetic drift. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. Molecular organization of centromere and telomere. 7. Banding patterns. 3. Vicia faba. Wild relatives of crop plants. Institutes engaged in conservation and improvement of crop genetic resources. Heterosis. Karyotype analysis. Gene sanctuaries 8 Unit 3: Population and Evolutionary Genetics: Evolutionary theory and population genetics. 2. Sc. Importance of genetic conservation. Determination of mitotic index. Genetic variations in natural populations (Protein variation and variation with RFLP and DNA sequences) 15 Unit 4: Classical and modern methods of crop breeding and improvement: Genetic variability in crop plants. Molecular marker systems. Isolation of plasmid from E. Molecular plant breeding. coli. Karyotype analysis in any two plant species. sativum. Genetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Orcein banding species. Gene banks. Isolation of DNA and quantification by spectrophotometer. Global network for genetic conservation and utilization in major crops of world. Any 8) 1. Gene families. Centers of origin of crop plants. 5. Theory of allele frequencies. Part II Syllabus… . Nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes. Smear preparation of Allium cepa.1: CYTOGENETICS AND CROP IMPROVEMENT Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Aloe vera. Changes in genetic structure of populations (Mutation. Mobile genetic elements and their significance. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Cytology: Chromatin organization.

Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Sharma J. B. Delhi. Swaminathan. Swanson. and Sharma. Clarendon Press. 1979. C. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. 1968. Macmillan and Co. 1980. J. and Sinha. Winkler. Lodish. S.. H. K. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Strickberger. Co. Ludhiana. K. Macmillan India Ltd. Genes IV. P. 6. J. K. D. K. Chahal G. London. Ganguli. and Simmons M. Bahekar V. O. Genetics. 1975. and Banarjee. 2003. P. Molecular cell biology. Germany. S. D.. Tata McGraw. P. Sybenga. Sc. 1968.. Darnel. The Macmillan Company. Singh. New York. R. and Gosal S. A. New Delhi. VI. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. Kalyani Publishers. M. Snustad D. Sharma. S. 2000.. Principles of genetics. Advances in plant breeding Vol. Oxford. Cytology and Cytogenetics. S. Berlin. 1993. I and II. Ltd. Plant breeding. C. I Arati Prakashan Aurangabad. Techniques of plant cytogenetics. V. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. R. London. Ruger W. Journal of Genetics Journal of Cytology and Genetics Cytologia Caryologia International Journal of Food Science and Technology M. P. E. Mitra Sandhya 1994 Genetics a blueprint of life.Theory and practice. A. M. J. 2003. U. W. New York. Mandal. and Baltimore. Gardner. 3.Suggested readings: Avers. Sharma. A. Oxford and IBH Publishing. J. B. Scientific American Books. J.Hill Publishing Company Ltd New Delhi. J. J. Lewin. S. 5. Principles of Genetics. and Wackernagel W.Principles and methods. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Journals: 1. 1998. Van No Strand Reinhold. Butterworth and Co. 1980. Genetics Fifth edition Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Canada. Chromosome techniques. Springer Verlag.. J. (Publishers) Ltd. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding biotechnological and conventional approaches. 4. Part II Syllabus… .. Oxford University Press. Cytogenetics of crop plants. The theory of plant breeding. U. 1983. John Wiley and sons.. Genetics. P. Third edition John Wiley and Sons Inc. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Jahier. 2. Gupta. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Russell P. Meiotic configurations. Mayo. Ltd. Problems in Genetics Vol.

SEMESTER III BO 3. Part II Syllabus… 8 7 4 4 4 3 b) Genetic engineering of plants: Aims. biogas generation. principles and techniques. Study of bacterial growth pattern. proteomics and bioinformatics c) Introduction to environmental biotechnology d) IPR: Concept. construction of genomic and cDNA libraries and vectors Agrobacterium Mediated gene transfer. Estimation of alcohol. 3. 4.2: BIOTECHNOLOGY & GENETIC ENGINEERING Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Sc. Unit 3: a) Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning. Production of alcohol by microbes. Study of phyto-remedation 9. biological control and recycling of waste b) Microbial products: fermentation technology 7 production of microbial biomass. selection Unit 4: a) Hybridoma technology and stem cells b) Introduction to genomics. 10. ecological risks and ethical concerns Practical (2 Units. 6. scope and importance b) Applications of plant tissue culture c) Techniques of enzyme and cell immobilization. 8. . 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology: Concept. primary and secondary 8 metabolites and enzymes. Any 8) 1. Seed dressing and inoculation with Rhizobia 7. its application in industry 4 4 7 Unit 2: a) Bacterial Biotechnology: Bacterial nutrition and culture. 2. Bacterial transformation and genetic improvement of microbes. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. 5. Enzyme / cell immobilization. Effect of biofertilizers on growth of plant. strategies for development of transgenic. Isolation of root nodule bacteria. importance. M. scope and application of bacteria in agriculture with reference to biological nitrogen fixation. Isolation and culture of bacteria.

L. Sc.S..and L. Trends in Biotechnology. Trehan K.K. Tissue and organ culture. O. 1994. Sullia and S Shantharam.Phillips : Plant Cell.. Cambridge Univ.C. Cambridge.J Pasternals. 1995.L. Gamborg. Berlin. Pub. K. and Y.Suggested readings: A Text Book of Biotech by R. Dodds. Wiley Estern Ltd.K. Aneja K. General Microbiology by S. 1996.and K.Press. C.: Experiments in Microbiology. Weshwa Prakashan. 2nd Ed.S. Molecular Biotechnology. Fundamental Methods. W. New Delhi.Bernard and Glick and J. tissue and organ culture.. Novo Industry.-Ason Press Washington 1984. Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA. 1986. Bajaj.J.2005 Kumar H.: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Biotechnology. M. Narosa Pub.B. : Novo’s Handbook of Practical Biotechnology.H. Springer Verlag. Vikas Pb. P.Yadav: An Introduction to Microbiology. New Delhi. Plant pathology tissue culture and mushroom cultivation. Razdan.: Applied and fundamental aspects plant cell.C..Kapoor. Boyce.D. 1977.G. Part II Syllabus… . Roberts: Experiments in plant tissue culture.Oxford & IBH.Co. 1985.Dubey. New Delhi 1994. 1993.: An Introduction to plant tissue culture oxford & IBH Pbl. Tauro.O. Wiley Eastern Ltd. New Delhi. M.House.Ltd. A/S.P. New Delhi. New Delhi 1996. Reinhert.P. J.

Glycolysis in plants and its regulation . 8. Synthesis and degradation of cellulose. Estimation of Polyphenols. 3. 11. ‘P’ uptake. Study of Oxalic acid accumulation in leaf tissue. Estimation of Ascorbic acid. Study of enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase. 10. Study of Phosphorus distribution in different plant parts. Sc. ascorbic acid and malic acid . Phosphorus uptake. Study of enzyme polygalacturonase. 9. Role of Pyrophosphate in plant metabolism. 4. RUBISCO and PEP Case.Photosynthesis-A brief outline of chlorophyll biosynthesis and the pigment organization in thyllakoid membrane. Study of enzyme inorganic pyrophosphatase. factors controlling 4.Carbohydrate Metabolism – Regulation of starch and sucrose biosynthesis. ‘P’ fractions in plants. Regulation of PCR Cycle and C4 Pathway. Regulation of electron transport chain and role of alternate oxidase.Phosphorus nutrition – Forms of phosphorus in soil. Study of effect of light on chlorophyll biosynthesis. Part II Syllabus… . Practicals :– Unit –I 1. 7. C3 – C4 intermediates. 2. Unit –II 2. 10 5 Unit –IV 5. Unit –III 3. To study the effect of potassium on glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase . Estimation of Cellulose.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY`( Special Paper – I ) B O – 3. Organic acid metabolism –Metabolism and roles of oxalic acid. 6. Regulation of Pentose Phosphate Pathway and TCA Cycle . Estimation of starch.Respiration – whole plant respiration . A brief idea of pectin biosynthesis and enzymes involved in pectin degradation. 15 15 Unit –II M.31 Advanced Plant physiology and plant Biochemistry Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. 5. Secondary metabolites –Shikimate Pathway and its role in biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites. 8 7 6.

W. a laboratory manual. Bhargava S. Sane P. Pessarkli.C. Mukharjee. E.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis.C.I. L.V. (1998): The Plant Physiology. and Ghosh A. W. J. G.C. Krishnamurthy. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. C. Noggle. Moore. Wilkins. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Steward F. and Agarwal P. Govindjee. and Conn. NY. H. S. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. A Comprehensive Treatise. Sinha S. F. S. Part II Syllabus… . and Ziegler. C. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. B.N. F.K.K. T. R. Journal of Experimental Botany.. M. Edwards. USA). and Ross. H.K. S. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. I & II. Marcel Dekkar Inc.P. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. and Fritz.W.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. Miller. and Varner. G.. The Plant Cell. M. J. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Marschner. I & II. M.. Salisbury. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Sc. H.Suggested readings:Bidwell. E. W. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. Taiz. C. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. K. Walker. (1996): Plant Physiology. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. H.N. P. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. D. (1983): C3. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. B. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. G. Stump. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Hopkins. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology.R. Smith. II and III. (1979): Plant Physiology. M. Bonner. Pessarkli. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology.

8. UNIT -II 5. 4. determination of standard deviation and Frequency distribution.Taxonomy of Fungi (Special paper I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT -I 1. a. UNIT –IV 6.Semester III MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Webstor (1980). PDA. Preparation of culture media. Serological and Nutritional. Ainsworth (1973) and b. c. Micrometry : Study of micrometry and its significance in fungal taxonomy. Techniques of microtomy. 3. Ultrastructural and cultural. General features of fungi. Culture : Types of culture media and their preparation. e.Measurement of spore size. Sc. air and host plant. Host specificity. f. their identification and Classification. M. Vegetative and Reproductive. stains and fixatives used. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Microtomy of fungal specimen. Morphology : External and Internal. Physiological and Biochemical. 5 & 6. g. 7. Isolation of fungi from soil. b.9.32. UNIT-II 7. 2. Cytological and Genetics. 10. Microtomy : Types of microtomes. 2. Various systems of classification of fungi. Measurement of fungal dimensions.3 & 4. a. Czapeks Dox Agar and Richard’s medium. 11 04 15 15 04 04 04 03 Practicals (2 Units. special culture media. Part II Syllabus… . histogram and polygon.11. Status of fungi and research in Mycology and Plant Pathology in India: An overview. UNIT –III d. water.12. Criteria used in the classification of fungi.

and A.L.(1989): Text Book of Fungi.Sussman (1973): The Fungi.REFERENCE BOOKS: Ainsworth.W. G. Canadian Journal of Botany.Sparrow. II.P. H.P. Sc.H. Journals Annual Review of Plant Pathology. I. Johanson. (1979): Taxonomy of fungi imperfecti. (1967): Morphology and Taxonomy of fungi Buller.B.W.Vol.R.A. Aneja K. Kendrick..K.A. Mycologia.(1975): Advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology.O.(1940): Plant Microtechniques.and C.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. C. Bessey. Alexopoulous.(1909-50):Researches on Fungi Vol.Mims(1979) : Introductory Mycology. Gangopadhyay S. H.Plant Pathology and Tissue Barnett. Gangulee.S.F.et al. Raychudhary . IV-A and IV-B.K. S. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology.II. S. M. D.E.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.I-VIII.R. (1960): Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi.B. III .and A. Sharma. Rangaswamy G. Part II Syllabus… . Pandey.(1994): A Text Book of Botany: Fungi.J. E. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology.A.R. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.

B-chromosome its origin and consequences aneuploidy. Meiotic studies in structural hybrids (Rhoeo. Coix lacriamajobi. M.I) B O 3. Part II Syllabus… 8 . Genetic control of meiosis. sources and consequences. Study of B chromosome in Maize/ Drimia. Gene mapping and other uses. Synaptonymal complex 10 Unit 2: a) Structural variations in chromosomes. 8. 3. possibilities and limitations Unit 4: a) Apomixis. Delphinium malbaricum.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. 6. (2) 2. chisma terminalization by using photographs) Pachytene analysis. genetic regulation of development in Drosophila Practical (2 Units. Cytological analysis of polyploidy in plants. Meiotic analysis in plants (Stages. their cytological consequences. Study of Apomictic Chromosome. Study of life cycle in Drosophila melanogaste. Mitotic and meiotic cell division 5 b) Meiosis: modes of meiosis. (02) 4. Sc. Tobacco.r 10. Recombination models. Setcreatia Cynotis). chisma. special type of chromosome. Special type of chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. (03) 5. chromosome disjunction. natural and induced polyploids Unit 3: a) Genome analysis in crop plants: Wheat. Study of aneuploidy and chromosome mapping in barely. 11. 9. Cotton. Induction of polyploidy using Colchicine. Triticale transfer of segment from align chromosome. Structural hybrids. Any 8) 1. 7. mechanism and theories of crossing over. b) Drosophila genetics: Life cycle. significance in plant breeding 8 7 8 7 7 b) Numerical variation in chromosomes. types of apomixes in higher plants. classification.33: CYTOGENETICS Total Lectures – 60 Unit 1: a) Introduction to cytogenetics. Zea mays. Smear preparations in Allium cepa. Genome analysis in wheat/ Gossypium. euploidy and b) Alien genetic resources in crop improvement: Align addition and substitution lines.

K. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. and Young J. Plant Breeding and Evolution. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. 7. Fikui K. Minnesota. and Nakayama S. 4. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. 8. New Delhi. Harti D. S. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. and Sinha S. New Delhi.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1973 Cytogenetics. P. Swanson C. R. and Sinha U. 3.I 1. New Delhi 9. K. L. 1998 Cytogenetics. Karp G. and Jones E. Part II Syllabus… . Gupta P. Merz T. Rastogi Publication Meerut. 10. Kalyani Publishers. 1999 Cytogenetics. Ltd. Prasad G. M. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. 2. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. Sc. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. 1996 Plant chromosomes. S. Swaminathan M. Sinha U.. Khush G.. 5. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. Burgess Publishing Co. New Delhi. Gupta P. 6. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. W. Burnham C. Academic Press New York USA.

(7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. Land use classification. tides. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate.34 ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1. Sc. Fresh water Environment – Wind. 8. Marine Environment. UNIT 6: 6.SEMESTER III (Special Paper – I) ENERGY. 9. 5.T. Water: Resources and Management. waves.currents. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. 11. 2. TSS. TDS and TS). Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. Part II Syllabus… . UNIT 4: 5. Study of soil profile. Law of limiting factors. UNIT 2: 3.light.Classification of climate climographs. pH. 7. 6. composition. UNIT 3: 4. 10. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. EC. Determination of organic matter from soil. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. soil types of India. 2. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. Study of EC and pH of the soil. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. 4. Field visits to Industrial area. Study of wilting coefficient. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 1. Soils: formation. Determination of BOD at R. winds. 3. currents. soil profile. planning and management. ii.

F. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. (3rd ed. (1989) :Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical Methodology. (1973) : Principles of Environment Sciences. Lieth H. Kershaw K. Odum E. ( 1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Krebs C. Greig Smith P. Sc.R. (1996) : Concept of ecology. (1978) : Ecology. P. J. Grims J. Misra K. I. Part II Syllabus… . et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. C. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. C. Bradbury I. Watt K. Das S. E. K. (1971) : Ecology. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Kormondy E. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. (1990) :The Biosphere.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. F. Pandeya S. K. and Das R. Misra R. P. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. A. Odum E. R. M. P. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. M. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. J. Freedman H.

SEMESTER III B O-3.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I)

Unit-I

1

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts, importance of taxonomy and need for classification, hierarchical classification, general and special purpose classifications, Alpha and Omega taxonomy, taxonomy as synthetic discipline.

4

2

THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000, systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity, the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity.

4

3

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus, Albert Magnus, Otto Brunfels, Jerome Bock, Andrea Cesalpino, Jean Bauhin, Joseph Pitton de Turnfort, John Ray; ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students; Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson, Jean B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, De Jussieu, De Candolle, Bentham and Hooker.

7

Unit-II

4

A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: 10 The evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace, i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler, Adoph Engler, Alfred Rndle, Karl Christian MezAugust A. Pulle, Carl Skottberg, B. Hayata; the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein,Charles E. Bessey, Hans Hallier, John Hutchinson, Oswald Tippo, Karl Mez, G. Gunderson, Lyman Benson.

5

RECENT

SYSTEMS

OF

CLASSIFICATIONS:

By

Armen

L.

5

Takhtajan, Authur Cronquist, R. M. T. Dahlgren and Robert F. Thorne. Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat, leaf structure, nodal anatomy, xylem and phloem, inflorescence, flower, androecium, pollen grains, gynoecium, placentation, ovules, seeds, seedlings and fruits. 5

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

7

TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa, Forms of scientific names; major categories: division, class, order, family; minor categories: genus, species and infraspecific categories.

3

8

NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]; Divisions; Principles; Nomenclatural

7

terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype, isotype, syntype, lectotype, paratype, neotype; Effective and Valid publication; Priority; Scientific names-Correct name, Autonym, Basionym, Homonym, Synonym, Tautonym; alternative, ambiguous, illegitimate, naked, rejected and superfluous names. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION, 15 ECONOMIC

INTERELATIONSHIPS,

PHYLOGENY

IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae, Lauraceae, Piperaceae, Aristolochiaceae,

Nymphaeaceae, Moraceae, Urticaeae, Casuarinaceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation, principle of priority, transfer of taxa, effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon, deposition of type, Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers, stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules, placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. • Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Urticaeae, Aristolochiaceae, Casuarinaceae, Papaveraceae, Dilleniaceae, Alismataceae, Aponogetonaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Lauraceae, 15

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Manilal, K. S. and M. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. DST, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi. • Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London. • Taylor, D. V. and L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • • • Takhtajan, A. 1962. Flowering plants- Origin and Dispersal. Hutchinson, J. 1959. Families of Flowering plants. Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC, Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M. Sc. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60

UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification, Brief idea of Plankton, Nekton, Benthos. Marine phytoplankton- dinoflagellates. nanoplankton, ultraplankton, coccoliths. MARINE FUNGI, ACTINOMYCETES, LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. CORALS, FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy, cytology, ultrastructure, salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae), Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Life histories of a few important species . UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek, Estuary, Lagoon and Delta. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’, Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves, East and West coast mangroves, Mangrove shores and forests. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae , Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae, Myrsinaceae, Acanthaceae etc. UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy, Distribution, Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy, distribution, adaptations, morphology, anatomical features. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Dune vegetation, Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 15 15 6 5 4

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Enteromorpha,Chaetomorpha, Ulva ,Caulerpa, Bryopsis etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Padina, Dictyota, Sargassum etc. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Gracilaria, Gelidium , Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus,Halophila etc.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex,Ipomoea etc.). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SUGGESTED READINGS :1. Chapman,V. J. (1976). Costal Vegetation. II nd edition Pergamon Press. New York. 2. Desikachary, T. V. (1975). Marine Plants. N. C. E. R. T. New Delhi. 3. Kumar H.D. Delhi. 5. McConnaughey,B. H (1974). Introduction to Marine Biology. 6. Ranade, D. R. & Gadre, R. V. (1988). Laboratory Manual., M.A.C.S. Pune. 7. Sambamurthy,A.V.S.S.(2005). A Text Book of Algae. 8. Santhanam, R.; Ramnathan,N.; Venkataramanjan K. & Jegathanam,G. (1987) . Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. & Aspects of Marine Botany.Daya Publication Home. Delhi. 9. Sen Neera and Kumudranjan Naskar, (2003). Algal Flora of Sundarbans. Mangal Daya 10. Stein, J. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press. 11. Trainor,F. R. Introductory Phycology. 12. Vashishta, B. R. (1995). Algae S. Chand and co. Ltd., new Delhi. Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Introduction to Phycology. 4. Kumar H.D. and H.N.Sing (1990). Algae. Affiliated East West Press pvt. Ltd. publ. New

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER- I) B 0 3. 37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE- I Theory (4 Units, 60 Lectures)

Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture, laboratory design and

development, operation and management (3); b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture, factors influencing morphogenesis, Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7); c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling, sterilization technique, equipment and apparatus, procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture, Callus formation and its culture, Callus desiccation, organogenesis, meristem culture, axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10); b) Somaclonal variation; selection (5).

Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture, embryo rescuing, synseed (4); b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2); c) Cell suspension culture, cell line isolation (5); d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology; conservation, operation, maintenance, management (10); b) Cryopreservation, its importance and future prospects (5). Practical (2 Units, Any 8) 1&2. Media preparation 3. Sterilization techniques 4&5. Callus culture 6&7. Organogenesis 8&9. Cell suspension culture 10. 11. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses, agro based industries (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1)

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Reddy. press.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. 8. New York.Microbial biotechnology.A.L. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. Purohit.Plant. 7. 13. 4. N.V. K. McMillan Publ. 6.and Primerose. tissue and organ culture fundamental Methods. V. Press.B.Blackwell.Academic Press.Reston Publishing Co. Ravishankar. 1983. G.Molecular embryology of flower plants. Part II Syllabus… . S.H.a practical approach. J. 9.K. H. Evans et al 1983. L. R. Nelson.1976. 3.S.1985. Dixon. 10. Gamborg. Cambridge Uni.W.K.P.P. Academic Press Inc. G. Doddas.Greenhouse operation and management. Co.Plant cell.V.Academic Press.Narosa Publishing House.plant tissue culture.Laboratory procedures and their applications. Oril Press Oxford.1966. Cambridge Uni. theory and practice. S. Oxford. III. 12. I. Thorpe. I.1997.. New York. J. S.A.A. P. O..and Phillips.R. Heidelberg. M.I 1. and Reddy. D. Raghavan.C. Y. Vasil.and Bajaj. Old. New York.E. Reinsert. Berlin. Springer Verlag.M. 1997. 1985.and Venkataraman.2002. New Delhi. Street H.Inc..1973. 5. Plant cell culture. England. L. Experiments in plant tissue culture. Plant tissue culture. Narayanswamy.1984. tissue and organ culture. Hand book of plant cell culture vol.1997. S.Cell culture and somatic cell genetics of plants (I). Sc.Plant cell and tissue culture. 1974.Principles of gene manipulation. S. Jodhpur.and Razdan.S.Suggested readings: Special Paper.W. 14. Bhojwani.and Roverts. Elsevier Publ. New Delhi.Tata McGraw Hill Publishers. T.1981. II. Tissue culture.. Srivastava. Pvt. India. 11. New York 15. 2.1997.Ltd. R. Scientific Publishers.

Photomorphogenesis . role and possible mechanism of action of a)Triacontanol. 2. 2.Growth and Morphogenesis-Meristems in plant development. Senescence and PCD. Unit –II 3. Part II Syllabus… 06 03 06 . 7. Study of changes in starch / protein content during seed development. stem. leaf and flower. History and discovery of phytochromes and cryptochromes and their photochemical and 11 04 biochemical properties . Plant movements – Phototropism. Programmed Cell Death. Seed Development –Biochemical changes during development of seeds. cellular localization. Sc. Plant Growth Regulators – A brief idea about discovery. 5. b)Brassins. Hormonal regulation of leaf and petal senescence. b)Maleic hydrazide. Post harvest Physiology –Ripening of fruit and its regulation. 04 4. geotropism and nastic movements. 8. Effect of chemical compounds on pollen germination. 10. Study of lipid accumulation during development of oil seeds. A brief idea about role of tissue culture. Unit –III 6. d)Jasmonates e)Polyamines .41 Plant Growth and Development (Special Paper II) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. To study the effect of different PGRs on seedling growth M. A brief idea about development of plant organs: root. 6. Unit –IV 8. 3. Metabolism of leafy vegetables during storage. Study of changes in RNA and Proteins during senescence. c)Trizoles d)TIBA. Unit –II 7. A brief idea about phytochrome biosynthesis. 4. Pollen germination –Physiology of pollen germination and pollen stigma interaction. Study of enzyme acid phosphatase during ripening of fruits. 5. 15 Practicals:Unit –I 1.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY B O 3. Study of changes in respiration rate during ripening of fruits. A brief idea about role of plant growth retardants a)CCC. 9. roles . and mutants in physiological studies. c)Salicylic acid. mechanism of action of photomorphogenetic receptors.Biochemical changes during senescence of leaves and petals and regulation of senescence.

Noggle. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology.K. and Fritz. Moore.N. J. H. Pessarkli. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Marcel Dekkar Inc. L. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology.V. Miller.. and Ghosh A. Steward F. Govindjee. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. B. and Agarwal P. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. B. Pessarkli. (1998): The Plant Physiology. (1983): C3. Sc. R. Mukharjee.. I & II. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology.W.P. S. a laboratory manual. W. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. S. Sinha S. F. A Comprehensive Treatise. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. (1979): Plant Physiology. Salisbury. H. M. Smith. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. Sane P. W.C. G. C.C. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.K. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. H. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. E. and Conn. Journal of Experimental Botany.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis.N. E. and Varner. C. C. USA). Wilkins. F. II and III. and Ross. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa.. M. H. Stump. W. J. NY. K. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis.C. M. G. I & II. The Plant Cell. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden.R. (1996): Plant Physiology. T.K. Bhargava S. M.Suggested readings:Bidwell. G. D. Krishnamurthy. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Taiz. and Ziegler. P. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. Bonner. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. Hopkins. Walker. Part II Syllabus… .I. Marschner. S. Edwards.

UNIT. UNIT-II 3. Amylolytic enzymes. UNIT-IV 5. Fusaric acids. Deficiency of micronutrients. physiological specializations. Proteins. 10. antigen and antibody reaction. 5. Cellulolytic. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. Photosynthesis. Victorin. Cellulolytic .2 & 3. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. Piricularin.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. application of immunological techniques. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. 11 & 12. gene for gene hypothesis.II 7. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Bacteria and Viruses. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. aflatoxins. Immunoglobulines. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. protein for protein hypothesis. alternic Acid. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Toxins lycomarsmine. Sc. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. Cell wall degrading enzymes . 4. UNIT-III 4.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Respiration. M. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Fungal and Nematode. 2.Production of Pectolytic. Nucleic acids.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. 6. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Part II Syllabus… . 8 & 9. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. Pectolytic. Bacterial.

E.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Ny vall. (1994): Clinic al Plant Pathology. Mahadevan. Gangopadhyay S.S.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. Kuijit. Uni.N.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. S.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.(1963): Plant Diseases. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology. Aneja K.J. Plank J. and A. A. Sc.M.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Part II Syllabus… . Of California Press.R.P.A. and P. M.London and New York. R. Padoley. H. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra.B.K.A. G. R.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management.U.K. Rangaswamy G. Fiber and Oilplants. Singh. Gangulee. J. Plank. II. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.F. Epidemics and Control.S. S.A. R.(1980) : Plant Pathology. S. Paul Khurana.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke. A.E. and R.S.

D2 analysis.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. partial diallele.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. (02) (02). data storage and retrieval 4. Genetic erosion. Exploration and collection of germplasm. b) Domestication. Part II Syllabus… . Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). Designing field experiments 8. 10. Salinity. seedling growth and on mitosis 2. Line tester. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. (02). and Acclimatization of plants (2). Drought. Assessment of variability. Selection under domestication. Triallele. Generation mean analysis. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Any 8) 1. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). (02). b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. Quarantine. Genetic diversity (7). b) Mutation breeding (5). Practical (2 Units. Metroglif analysis. (02). Introduction. Components of variance. Germplasm collection. conservation and utilization (2). Sc. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 3. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. 9. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). 5. 6. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. Estimation of heritability 7. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). Heat and cold resistance (10). Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) M. cataloging.

Hays H.stress environments Crop Sci. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding.. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. Gamma Field Symposia No. D. Chopra V. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc.Special Paper. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. and Hamblin J. D. New Delhi. 10. D. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 8. New Delhi. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 4. Journal of Genetics 3. Kalyani Publishers. R. 7. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 4. Part II Syllabus… . A. J. . 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. Sharma. Kalyani Publishers. Academic Press. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. A. 2000. 8. 21: 932-946. Singh. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. 1989 Plant Breeding . New Delhi.Principles and methods. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 14. Siddiqui B. Pvt. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Fehr W.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. CRC Press Florida. Plant breeding. Rosielle A. 3. Bulm A. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Narosa Publishers New Delhi.R. and Smith D.II 1. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding .C. Ltd. Cytologia 5. Sc. Singh R. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. 13. New York. Immer F. Ltd. K. B. 16. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 7. Sharma J. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. New York.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. Vijendra Das L. Co. 2. and Singh B. W. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. K. 9. and Khna S. 2. 17.M. Levitt J. 15. 12. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 5. 11. Caryologia 6. R. 18. Ludhiana. Allard R. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. Salt and Other stresses. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. R. Journals: 1. L. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. FAO/IAEA Symposium (Vol 1&2)Vienna 6. Poehlman J. Micke A.

Genecology-Ecads.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Sc. (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. Part II Syllabus… . community stability.Ecotone and Edge effect. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels.Role of Different factors. Regulation of communities. Community Periodism. Determination of similarity index. 4. UNIT 2: 1) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. Ecotypes. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. Determination of association index. E) Community as Indicator. 3. Threats to Biodiversity. etc.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Study of population dynamics. Study of the Litter production. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. Global biodiversity. community M. stratification. 2.Global and Indian. Biodiversity in India. 5. Conservation of Biodiversity. Hot spots. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Indian Biodiversity (15) Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. Study of stratification and physiognomy.

J. A. et al (1994): Widening Perspectives on Biodiversity. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of Geobiosphere. (1973): Introduction to Plant Ecology. S. Brij Gopal and Bhardwaj. Greig Smith P. (1997): Progress in Ecology vol.Community function – Biomass production measurement. and Singh. 8. S. R. C. Misra K.. D. J. F. (1979): Elements of Ecology. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bradbury I. Part II Syllabus… . Determination of IVI. J. J. S. Shukla. and Singh. S. P. J. (1979). Krattiger.K. Hamdan. M. G. Walter. Yadav. (1978) : Ecology. and Chandel.. N. Biomass profile for the community. I. M. G. (1961): The Plant Community. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. K.1990) : The Biosphere. S. S. (1938): Plant Ecology. (1996): Biodiversity: A biology of numbers and differences. Weaver. Study of community bisects. Puri. and Higashi. C.UNIT 6: 6.): Concept of ecology. Willis. Galston. Nair. (3rd ed. T. and Churchill. 9. Kormondy E. H. Study of Vegetation by transect method. C. and Clements. P. E. (1996) (4th ed. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. (1968) : Research methods in plant ecology. E. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. Visit to local protected or conserved area. Odum E. (1983): Plant Ecology. Krebs C. (1990): Principles of Environmental Biology. Levin. S. 7. A. J. P. H. (1997) (ed. Sc. S. Suggested readings:• Abe. J.): Biodiversity an Ecological Perspective. P. II. A. K. 10. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. Pandeya S. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll.

precipitation reaction. chromosome banding. chemical protein analysis procedures. exine stratification. 7 M. character coding. L/O pattern. measurement of resemblances. symmetry. excrescences. antigen. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. antisera antibody. adaptations. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. Cladastics and classification. karyotype. merits and demerits. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. applications. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. techniques. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. Part II Syllabus… . 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. serology and taxonomy: history. ecological variations. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. techniques of protein electrophoresis. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. Basic chromosome number. discrimination. unit characters. application of serological data in systematics. classes of compounds and their biological significance. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. NPC of pollen. palynogram. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. parsimony analysis. meiotic analysis and plant systematics.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. chromosome morphology. construction of taxonomic groups. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. 7 cladogram. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. phenons and ranks. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. aneuploidy. OUTs. cluster analysis. genetic variations and plant systematics. scope and limitations. techniques. Sc. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. ECOLOGY.

Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. Part II Syllabus… . VARIATIONS. Boraginaceae. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's).8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Unit-IV 10 MORPHOLOGICAL. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. Cuscutaceae. vessels. Costaceae. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Burmanniaceae. Dioscoriaceae. Orchidaceae. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Plantaginaceae. Pontederiaceae. Sc. Lentibulariaceae. SEM and plant surface stucture. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). INTERELATIONSHIPS. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis M. Asteraceae. Lobeliaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. • • Study of chomosomes. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae.

Lentibulariaceae. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. M.A.) Allen Press. New Dehli. U. P. New Delhi. Tata McGraw Hill.Unit-II • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. New York. Vikas Publ. H. Today and Tommorow Publications. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Sc. G. and V. 1981. P. Angiosperms. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. • Cronquist. Hafner Publ. Lobeliaceae. P. S. Ind. Angiosperms. 1979. Pontederiaceae. • Erdtman. H. Almquist and Wiksell. Asteraceae. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy.. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. Sc.S. Dioscoriaceae. Part II Syllabus… . An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. 1984. and Bhatnagar. S. A. Cuscutaceae. Burmanniaceae. Sketching. Stockholm. Boraginaceae. Embryology of Angiosperms. 1952. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. G. Plantaginaceae. 1988. Costaceae. New Delhi. 1985. Plant Anatomy. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. (Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. Nat. New York. B. • Davis. M. • • Fahn. • Maheshwari. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. classification and identification of families: Gentianaceae. Acad. S. A. 1984. House. New Delhi. Heywood 1991. • Johri. Co.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. Erdtman. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. Columbia University Press. • Cronquist. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. 1952.

• Taylor. • Quicke. S. K. Cmpbell C. Flowering Plants: Origin. 1966. Ltd. • Judd Walter S. D.A Laboratory Manual. K. M. • Lawrence George H. M. and M.) Butterworths. 1956. S. J. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. London. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. and M. and N. 1984. Evolution and Phylogeny. New Delhi. Stevens P. Sc. New Delhi.Publishers. R. Springer-Verlag. Ltd. N. Part II Syllabus… . Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. DST. • Nair. Donald. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. Blakie Academic & Professional. • Shivanna. and L. Tracey. New Delhi. L. CBS Publishers & Distributers. • Naik.Sunderland.. • Paech. S. Sinauer Associates. E. Periodical Expert Book Agency.. V. Donoghue 2008. Kollogg. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. K. 1993. 1980.. London. Oxford and IBH Publ. New Delhi. Plant Systematics. P. New Delhi .• Manilal. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Co.] 1998. J. S. Hickey 1997. Vol-I & II. V. A. K.F. J. INC. K. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. 1951. Pollen Biology. Pvt. 1992. and M. USA. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Rangaswamy. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Massachusetts. V.

SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Availability in sea water.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. Factors affecting. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. in mangroves. Ultrastructure of salt glands. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Induction of CAM. of these compounds. Uptake. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Role of aspartate. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. Salt glands in mangroves. properties and extraction of Agar. selective ion absorption. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Part II Syllabus… . 5 MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. Accumulation of free amino acids. Leaf succulence. Sc. Low molecular weight compounds in algae.M. Photosynthetic enzymes.light absorption. effect of low light condition. Significance of vivipary. Chemical structure. Sc.46 BO-3. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. vitamins for growth of algae. Photorespiration. Membrane transport under salinity. photosynthetic rate.Essential elements.

S. 8. London. V. S. Cambridge University Press. (1973) : Handbook of Phycological & Biochemistry. Ring M. Lobban. (1976) : Costal Vegetation. 3. c) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. M. 2. E. (1974) : Algal Physiology & Biochemistry. (1972) : Algae and Man.c. Stewart. 5. (1982) : The Biology of Marine Plants. J. London and New York. 4. Jackson D. Sambamurthy. C.Lumnitzera etc. Waisel Y. F. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. R. 9. Gerald. e) Determination of organic matter content from sediment. 7. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. IInd edition Pergamon Press. New York.PRACTICAL COURSE II UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. J. S. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suggested Readings :1. & Harrison. Edward Arnold Publishers. (1985) : Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. P. W. d. phycobilins etc. A. (1972) : Biology of Halophytes Academic Press. b . 6. d) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. V. carotenoids.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. Plenum Press. D. Sc. b) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. chlorophyll a. Stein. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. Part II Syllabus… . J. Chapman. (2005) : A Text Book of Algae.

Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). b) Immunology (5). DNA sequencing. Gene amplification.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. Unit 4: a) Genomics. Part II Syllabus… . application. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. c) Molecular research procedure.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. Techniques of restriction mapping. 12. chromosome walking and jumping (9). 4.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. southern northern and western blotting. 6. DNA polymorphism (7). 2&3. synthesis. Unit 3: a) Isolation. construction of chimeric DNA. protoplast technology (5). sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). 13. 7&8. gene synthesis machines (10). basic PCR. 5. dot and slot blots. Sc. molecular probes. Theory (4 Units. Practical (2 Units. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). Any 8) 1. 9&10 11.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. its modification. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries.

and Pasternak. 6.l.Mcmilan. S. 7. Meerut. India.Agrobios. I. S. 1998. Part II Syllabus… . 2000. India. Sc.1994.S. P.and Ahuja. H. Mitra. Elements of Biotechnology. ASM Press. B. M. Mumbai. 2. New Delhi.K. Kakralya. India ltd. Jogdand. J. 5. 1996. Rastogi Publisher. Gupta. Genetic Engineering.Gene Biotechnology. Himalaya Publishing House.principles and practice. Washington 3.R.J. India.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.1998.Agrobotanica. Glick. 4. Joshi. Chavala. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.N. Genetic Engineering and its applications.1997. Biotechnology in crop improvement.Molecular Biotechnology.2001. P.Special Paper II: 1. International Book Distributing Co. B.

(06) transport and ATP synthesis. Sub classification of C4 plants. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. 4. Sulphate uptake. phloem loading and unloading. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. Rubisco. mechanism of electron and proton transport. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. Unit -III 5. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. Anaerobic respiration. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. (09) (06) M. “nif” genes. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. Sc. Inhibitor of respiration. passive and active solute transport. carbon assimilation. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. glyoxylate cycle. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 3. regulation of nitrogen fixation. transport. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. modern concept of electron lipids. significance of photorespiration. (09) and modification of CAM. ethylene and ABA. Part II Syllabus… . 2.1. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. membrane transport of proteins. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. cytokinin. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin.the Calvin cycle. reduction and assimilation. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. gibberellin. photooxidation of water.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 1. Nitrogenase. transamination.

Sc. with paper chromatography.proteins. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. (09) 8. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 1) Study of enzyme ATPase 2) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. protein kinases and phosphatases. 7) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. receptors and G. role of vernalization. specific signaling mechanisms. (06) Unit –IV 7. Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination M. freezing and heat stress. 5) Study of enzyme lipase. e. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants.genetic and molecular analysis. 3) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. phospholipids signaling. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit.6. Part II Syllabus… . The flowering process: Photoperiodism and its significance. metal ion stress. Unit –II 6) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. 9) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. endogenous clock and its regulation. floral induction and development. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. 4) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions.g. salinity. 8) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. role of cyclic nucleotides.

11. 16. Marschner. and Conn. W. Devlin. Sc. G. (2004): Plant Physiology. M. Gregory. 14. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. and Fritz. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. 15. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. F. Salisburry. Pessarkli M. F.P. IV. IX and XII. Noggle. A Treatise Vol. and Ross. 13. II. Beevers. R. J.N. H. Comprehensive M.B. 3. (1996) Plant Physiology. Epstein. (1969.I. E. E. Stump.B. Part II Syllabus… . 9.M. 8.N.B. Salisbury. III.A. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. 10. 2.V. G. Miller.R. Bonner. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Wilkins. J. 5. 17. J. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Taiz L. F. and Zeiger F. and ghosh A. G. II nd Edition. Levitt. H. II and III. Mukharjee S. 7. 12.Reference Books1. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. (1971): The biology of Flowering. Krishnamurthy.(1990): Plant Physiology. 4.E. and Varner. 6. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.

Application:Utility in systematics.(04) 2. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. generative cell. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 1. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. 7.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. ovary. Vesscular tissue differentiation . antipodal. root hairs. endosperms.microbes interaction. embryo culture and their significance. M. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. Pollen wall proteins. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. Sc. apomixis. 6. Part II Syllabus… . Chemotropism. 4. Post fertilization events. experimental induction and partial importance. (05) 4. (04) 3. Stigma surface proteins. Lateral roots . pollen wall. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 1. Polyembryony: Classification. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . 3.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. central wall. Unit –II 5. consequences and significances of (04) (04) (06) molecular aspects of SAM.Determination. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. root. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 2. Eggs.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. Causes. pollen tube. causes. nucellus.

Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. 4. properties of pollen. M. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. pollen storage and their significance. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. (02) (02) (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 1. 6. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots 5. pollen germination. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. unifloral multifloral honey. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. Part II Syllabus… . Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. stomata. application in crop productivity. microfossil groups and oil exploration. 3. Examine of L. types of stomata . pollen calendar and importance. (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. 2. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. aerial roots of banyan . Pistia. 4. 2.to Paleopalynology : Principles. pollen analysis. and L.) origin of lateral roots .foraging behaviour of bees . Aeropalynology: Principles. Agropalynology: Pollen viability. trichomes. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T.S. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. Tabacco. 7.S. Citrus) Anatomy: 1. techniques. Jussieua etc. pollen and spore allergy.S. Sc. 5. 3. (Mango.

P. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. B M. P. H. Easau. Stanley. and M C Danials. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. 4 5 Study of allergic plants and their pollen. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. K. C R and L Chalk. R G and F.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. M. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. J D. Part II Syllabus… . 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. structure Anatomy: Barnova.1965: Physiological Masueth. 40:2157 Emmes.Res. K.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster.Rev. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland.Palynology: 1 2 3 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . E J.53:53-79. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. Bot. A. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. Bot. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. M A. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. G.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. Biochemistry management Shivanna. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons Solender. Sc.L. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. Fahn. R. Cutter.

1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. P H. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. G. Sc. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. structure and function.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Erdtman. Part II Syllabus… . Y. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. Heslop-Harrison. Nair. Tilak. S T. Bhattacharya. Gregory. Pandey and Chadha. K. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. Fageri. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology .1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. K and J Inversen. A Laboratory manual. Nair. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. . Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis.Palynology Cunningham.

Transgenic approaches.Generation of reactive oxygen species. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. (08) 2.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Radiation stress . Transgenic approach.Nature of waterlogging stress. Role of HSP. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Unit –II 3.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Sc. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Salt stress . (09) (07) 4. Antitranspirants. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Unit –III 5. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. Phytoremediation. (05) 7. Mechanism of stomatal action. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Effect of UV radiations on plants. Oxidative stress . Causes of soil Salinization. (05) 6.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Thermal stresses . Drought hardening.60 Unit –I 1. (05) (06) M. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Water stress . Mechanism of UV tolerance. Photoprotection mechanisms. Part II Syllabus… .Definition of saline soil.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants.4. Flooding stress . Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Wetland and non wetland species. Effect of ROS on metabolism. Transgenic approaches.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Cold hardening. zinc). Ionic stress .

J. 9. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. A. U. M. Fageria. 4. R.C. 6.Unit –IV 8. Cherry. M. Biochemical mechanism (09) Suggested readings:1. 4) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. 3. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. D. N. 7. 3) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. S.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. and Orcutt. Sc. Kozlowski. Gaseous stress .M. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. Hale. (06) 9. of disease resistance. 5) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. 10. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. S. Allelopathy. (1972): Crop Physiology. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. 8. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. 5. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. T. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. U. Practicals:Unit –I 1) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 2) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. K. L. 2. and Hay. Part II Syllabus… . Evans. Unit –II 6) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. K. T. S.T. H.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. Gupta. M.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress.(1972): Crop Physiology. Fitter. Gupta.

NY. L. J. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 21. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. J. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. Turner.D. S. 29. K.G.J. 16.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. Taiz L. (1969. D. 25. Mansfield. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. W. K. 27.N. 12. Journal of Experimental Botany. 26.S. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. Sharma. I. Levitt.. Srivastava. R. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. C. L. 24. L. Manures and fertilizers. Sinha S. P. and Sarin M. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Environmental pollution. Upeke. 15. (1975): Plants in saline environment. C. Bhargava S. Sane P. M. 28. 19. M. 23. Rice. R. and Agarwal P. 13.K. Y. 22. Asana. Mehrotra. N. 20. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Everymans Science.Pessarkli. M. Plant Physiology (USA). N. Sc. 18.. (1982): Tropical tree crops. and Aspinal. I & II. Pessarkli. (1980): Plant Pathology.S. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology).A. E. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. and Gale. 14. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Paleg. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. and Cramer. McLaren. 17.C. Pojakoff Mayber A. J.K. Nickell. and Gupta. Part II Syllabus… . 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. S. H.G. and Zeiger F. Yawalkar and Agarwal.11. L.V. Marschner.

9 & 10. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production.Semester.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT.improvement. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Commercial fungal strain : selection. 6. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility.development and their maintenance.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. UNIT-II 4. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. Cultivation of mushroom. Preparation of spawn: Grain. 05 3.I 1. UNIT-II 7 & 8. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. 2. Pleurotus spp. UNIT. Edible fungi. Perlite and manure spawn. diseases and their control. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. M. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography.. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. 4. 11 & 12. Production of Ergot alkaloids. 5 & 6. Any 8) UNIT-I 1.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. 3. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. 2.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. 7. cost benefit analysis.III 5. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. 15 Practicals (2 Units.

W. Allsopp and H.F. 5. 15. L.T. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms.I Industrial Mycology Vol. 6. .D.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. Aneja K. 11.P. C.M.(1959): Industrial Microbiology.:The filamentous fungi Vol. 10.D. G. Rose. and Dunn.M. 20. 12.(1970): The Yeast. Singer. Lodder. D. and R.T.O. J. and Barry.C.and Gaze.Jr. 19.H.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth.G.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. 17.H. Sc. Chang. Part II Syllabus… . Dodge. and Hays. 7. Whipps. Fletcher.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology.(1961): Industrial Microbiology. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. (1975): Mould.. 14.White.D.D.L. 13. Rhodes. M.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. R. 18. Christensen. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. Barger. Prescott. J. J. S.S. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. 4.J.(1935):Industrial Mycology.REFERNCE BOOKS: 1. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins.A. 8. Casida.II and III. 2. W.S. A. 9.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. and Fletcher. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms.F.E. Onions.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. R. 3. A.R.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Smith. A.H. 16.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization.C. Gray.D.W.R.W.

The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. Isolation. Any 8) 1. conjugation and Transduction. Media preparation for microbial cultures.an overview (Mutants. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). 2. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. production of recombinant DNA molecules. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). Post transcriptional. using phagemid vectors. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). translational. T4 genetic map. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). Study of southern blotting (02). Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). 9. Study of bacterial transduction (02). Practical (2 Units.III) B O 4. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. Study of transformation (02). cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). amplification using vectors. 10. M. Part II Syllabus… . coli. genetic recombination in phage. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. construction of genomic libraries. Transformation. Genetic exchange in bacteria.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). coli and Agrobacterium. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. Genes from plastids and nuclei. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. 12. culturing and growing E. 3. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). Sc. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. fine structure and deletion mapping). Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. 5.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. 7.

F. Wadwith Publishing Co. W. S. H. and Cummings M. Brown T. Freeman New York. M. J. D. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. Pvt. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 6. Griffith A. 1999 Genetics Principles. R. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. K. Concepts and Implications. Stickeberger M. 4. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical M. 8. V. M. Cytologia 4. John Wiley and sons Singapore. 12. Merrill Publishing Company London.. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. New Delhi. 1998 Genomes. Journal of Experimental Botany 7. A. . New Delhi. 6. 11. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing.. Klug W. Lewin. H. Unwin Hyman Publication London. and W. Charles E. Sc. C. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co.Suggested readings: Special Paper. K. T. Latchman D. Singh B. 2. L. VI. California USA. Jain H. 10. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. 6th Edition W. Twyman R. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.III 1. Wolfe S. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Miller J. New Delhi. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 3. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. B. Lewontin R. 7. Viva Books Pvt. New York. Ltd. S. Journals: 1. New York. Caryologia 5. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. Gupta P. 2000 Genes IV. 5. 3. Oxford University Press. Alberts B. Suzuki D. Ltd. 9. Part II Syllabus… . Annual review of Microbiology 2.

Methods of primary productivity measurements. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. Hydrogen fuel. Biomass production by the species. Biological methods. Global primary productivity patterns. (3) 3. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Ecosystem modeling. Part II Syllabus… . ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Transects. Bisects. 6. physical anatomy. leaf area index 5. 10. (5) distribution. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources.Conceptual model. 2. (8) 8. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 1. (7) UNIT 2: 4. Energy from wastes. UNIT 4: 9. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. seed (5) germination.SPECIAL PAPER-III BO-4. Sc. geographic (LAI). other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). species environment (microclimate). Working model.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Conservation of energy ` (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) M.

7. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 4. 5.Practicals. 9. Part II Syllabus… . Use of ecological model in the field study. aquatic M. Study of population growth curve. Study of rooting of the cuttings. 8. 10. 11. 2. 3. UNIT 6: 6. Ecological data collection for computer use. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Setting up an ecological model. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. Determination of calorific value of wood. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. Sc. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. Study of Leaf Area Index.

F. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere.M. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. C.K. Grims J. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. I. Krebs C. R.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. Odum E. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. Sc. (1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Lieth H. (1978) : Ecology. Freedman H. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Misra K.1990) : The Biosphere. Kormondy E. and Das R. C. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Part II Syllabus… . J. P. Bradbury I. E. M. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Greig Smith P. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. F. Odum E. R. Watt K. Kershaw K.P. (1996) : Concept of ecology. Das S. (1989) : Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical methodology. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development.K. (1973): Principles of Environment Sciences. A. (3rd ed. J. (1971) : Ecology. P. Pandeya S. Misra R.

Thomas Thomson. Brandis. methods in biosystematic studies. analysis and data presentation. outstanding botanical libraries. world floras and manuals. periodicals.Nominalistic. 5 camparium. 5 M. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. concept of genus and family. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. ecospecies. Part II Syllabus… . 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. Robert Wight. Wallich. steps in biosystematic study. scope and limitations. concept of species. monographs and revisions.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. bibliographies. review serials.Semester IV B O-4. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. dictionaries and addresses. methodology. Buchnan. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. N. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. tabular and lateral keys. Duthie. catalogues. T.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. Fyson. glossaries. dictionaries. John Burman. Santapau. Roxbugh. training and conservation of plants. acosta. their merits and demerits. its role in research and teaching. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. location of type specimens. Cooke. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Biological and alternative species concepts. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. color charts. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). D. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. computerized keys. Sc. Gamble. Prain. Haines. biographical references. concepts of species. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. J. William Griffith. Typological. cenospecies. Van Rheede. John Koenig. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Parkinson. maps and cartography. Robert kid. dates of publication. C. cultivated and economic plants.

classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae. Tiliaceae. Pandanaceae. Bigoniaceae. Araceae.quantum. Arecaeae. M. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Bigoniaceae. Sc. Passifloraceae. Tiliaceae. Araceae. phyletic. Salicaeae. • • • Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. speciation and evolution of species. Pandanaceae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Lecythidaceae. Mayrean. Passifloraceae. Lemnaceae. Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Arecaeae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae. SYSTEMATIC 5 POSITION. Clusiaceae. Part II Syllabus… . geographic. catastrophic. Caricaeae. Sketching. Caricaeae.8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation. Salicaeae. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions. Lecythidaceae. local ecological. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

• Judd Walter S.S. J. J. Rao. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function.Publishers.) Chapman and Hall. V. k. Ltd. 1981. New Delhi . H. S. Columbia University Press. Johri 1985. New Delhi. New Delhi. Oxford and IBH Publ. New Delhi. 1984. Part II Syllabus… . Stevens P. 1993. • Davis. Cmpbell C. M. New Delhi. • Endress Peter. A. Plant Breeding Systems. USA. London. Evolution and Phylogeny. M. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. and M. N. M.. and L. Flowering Plants: Origin. (2ed. Heywood 1991. R. • Lawrence George H. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.F. INC. J. A. Pvt. Today and Tommorow Publications.Sunderland.. V.) Allen Press. L. 1988. Kollogg. Wiley Eastern limited. A. Dehra-Dun. New York. 1994. • Quicke. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. H. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Donoghue 2008. • • Richard. Plant Systematics. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Sinauer Associates. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Donald. • Naik. Massachusetts. and V. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. K. R. Sc. A. D.. E. J. P. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. • Cronquist. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Blakie Academic & Professional. Cambridge. 1997. Co. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.A.Selected Readings • Cronquist. • Shivanna. Ltd. Hickey 1997. • Taylor. 1951. R. U. and B.

CO2. Toxic metal pollution. 9 UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. Biotic factors . ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . factors M. O2. affecting. Role of phytoplankton. Concept of Marine Park. sewage. distribution. Part II Syllabus… . Threats and conservation measures.floral and faunal components.M. diversity. Oceans. ocean floor)factors. sources and impact. physiological. morphological adaptations in mangroves.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. 5 10 5 10 5 PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. Sc. Sea as an environment. 10 CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. pesticide. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Sc. Estuaries. Oil. Human impact. Detritus based food chain. nutrients) Physical ( light. Ecological significance. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. tidal action. Natural and anthropogenic stress . PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. temperature. Calcification. distribution and types. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. waves. Biomagnification.Chemical (salinity. wind. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. reef algae. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Abiotic factors . Types of Coasts. Anatomical.

Publ. Marine Botany. An Ecological Perspective. H (1974). • Pandey B. J.V.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC.Bakshi. New Delhi. M. S. (1994). Suggested Readings :• • • • • Chapman.. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. J. II nd edition Pergamon Press. e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. trichomes. New York. Dwijendra Narayan Guha . sclerides in mangroves . Kumundrajan and Rathindranath Mandal (1999). Dawson (1960). New Delhi. (1985).C. Introduction to Marine Biology. P.23: Agromicrobes. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. E. pH. Sc. salinity. (1976). • • McConnaughey. Chand and Co. Sundar bans. J (1985). d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. I and II. Mangrove Swamps of the • Naskar. Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves. Naskar. Part II Syllabus… . and chlorinity of seawater . Gerald. Kumudranjan. Daves. Ltd. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. S. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. Marine Botany Physiology and Ecology of Seaweeds. Current trends in life science.Cambridge University Press. Naya Prakash.P. Algae . C. Today and Tomarrow. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater.B. c) Study of salts glands. Vol. Costal Vegetation. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. Vol. & Harrison. Lobban.

Current Trends in Life Sciences Vol. • • • Round Ecology. Today and Tomorrow . A. Silviculture and Conservation. Mangrove Environment Research Management. Saenger. (1981) Elements of Marine Ecology. Zha. Soepadmo.E. . P. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Sea Water Analysis.23. M. V. M. Laboratory Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Maita. Part II Syllabus… . & Gadre. M. Mangrove Ecology. J. V. Kuala Lumpur. (1999). Agromicrobes. Rao and D.J. C. • Ranade. Publi. New Delhi. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods.Y & Lalli. R. R. D. Tait. Cambridge University Press. (2002).. Proceedings of Asian Symposium. Sc. • • • Stein. Macintosh (1988). R.N. Springer. R.• Parsons. N. (1988). T.

Study of transgenic plants. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). 6. edible antibodies (6). Tectona. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). selectable markers. Cell suspension culture. Theory (4 Units. Preparation of biofertilizers. 2&3. 10.Secondary metabolites from callus. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. 8&9. Hairy root culture. (5). and other related improvements in forest species Eg. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. orchids. biotransformation. reporter genes (4).37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE.III) B O 4. Bioreactor. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Part II Syllabus… . Applications in public sector (2). Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. edible vaccines. M. Anther. Practical (2 Units. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. cell suspension. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. c) Molecular farming. 4. Factors affecting product yield. Study of synseeds. embryo culture. Somatic embryogenesis. Sc. Pinus etc. 7. 11. Gene banks (5). cell cultures.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. 5.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. (8). Any 8) 1. Ficus etc. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources.

Suggested readings : 1. 2. Chavala. H. H.Ltd.. D.and Ahuja. Gupta. Elements of Biotechnology. Meerut.1994. S..1997.l. General microbiology. Sc.1994. B. 3. Washington.. New York. Altman. A.2001. H.G. International Book Distributing Co. India.Agrobios. and Reddy. India. K. Purohit. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Agricultural Biotechnology.K. B. Cambridge University Press. 1998.K. Jodhpur. New Delhi. Trehan. 6. P. J.J. 5.and Venkataraman. Part II Syllabus… . I. Pvt. Reddy. ASM Press. and Pasternak. 4. 7. Ravishankar.P.V. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.Microbial biotechnology. Srivastava. New Delhi. S. India. Scientific Publishers. 2000.R. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. Glick. Kakralya. Marcel Dekker. 1998. New Delhi.1995. G. M. L.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.A.S.Biotechnology.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. 9.Molecular Biotechnology.R. 8.1997. Rastogi Publisher.Wiley Eastern Ltd.M. Schlegel.

(06) (09) 4) Reproductive physiology:. Sc. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. lime and gypsum as soil additives. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. (09) M.Physicochemical properties of soil. Biofertilizers. Foliar applications of mineral elements. Part II Syllabus… .Photoperiodism and vernalization. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Harvest index. (06) 2) Nutriophysiology .41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1) Crop growth and its regulation. CO2 as a fertilizer. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Physicochemical properties of soil. sex determination and fruit development. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) Ethylene and post harvest physiology. Role of PGRs in flowering. Biotonics. Factors controlling crop productivity.Semester-IV B O – 4. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. Unit –II 3) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Factors influencing mineral uptake. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status.

Invading weeds. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. M. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. 29.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. M. Sc.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. Cherry. weedicides and their mode of actions. Kozlowski. Fageria. and Hay. 8) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. U. Fitter. 31. 30.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. and Orcutt. 34. Gupta. S. NAR. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls.T. 33. 32. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. Practicals:Unit –I 1. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:25. T. etc.) 3. Evans.4) Determination of N. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. T. 28. LAI. U. K. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Part II Syllabus… . N. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. LAR. K. H. J. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage.C.M. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). (1972): Crop Physiology. L. D. S. Hale. R. 7) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. M. 27. 26. A. S.(1972): Crop Physiology. Gupta. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant.

39. H. Sc. Sharma. N. Srivastava.K. Asana. Marschner. I & II. K. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. McLaren. R. L.G.. Y. (1980): Plant Pathology. Sane P. Sinha S. Manures and fertilizers. K. C. and Gale. Environmental pollution. and Aspinal.S. J. Upeke. Turner. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. L. Part II Syllabus… . (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. Pessarkli. 37.C. Levitt. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. 28. W.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. 41.35.S. I. 46. NY. Journal of Experimental Botany. 45. Taiz L.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. 27. 29. 26. J. 36. and Sarin M. D. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. (1982): Tropical tree crops.N. Bhargava S. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. M. M.D. Pojakoff Mayber A. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 43. and Agarwal P. (1969. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. R. 47. Marcel Dekkar Inc. 48. Everymans Science. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.A. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Paleg.V. L.K. E. L. (1975): Plants in saline environment. P. S. and Zeiger F. 42.. C. Nickell.G. and Cramer. Mansfield. S. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. N. and Gupta. 25. M. Mehrotra. 40.J. 44. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. J. Rice. 38.Pessarkli. Plant Physiology (USA).

Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides.Bajara (Green ear). isolation and identification of Pathogens. pathogens and their management. Citrus (Canker). plant treatments of Fungicides. 15 UNIT-IV 5. Grapes (Powdery mildew. Tomato (Early blight).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Anthracnose. Quarantine laws. Chemical methods. contact and 10 05 Systemic fungicides. Trichoderma viride.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). T. seed. uptake and mode of action. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot).42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. VA-Mycorrhiza. fungicide resistance in plants. Pigeon pea (Wilt). Soybean (Mosaic). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. avoidance of pathogen. Seed certification. Cotton (Angular leaf spot). Pseudomonas flurescans. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. 2. UNIT-III 4 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Glomus.harzianum. UNIT-II 3. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). symptomology. Culture methods. Methods of disease diagnosis. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). formulation and classification of fungicides. Part II Syllabus… . international approach. Sunflower (Downy mildew). Biological control Agents. Rice (Blast). field observation. Potato (Early and late blight). Downy mildew). breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. 15 15 M. Sc. soil. Wheat (Rust and Bunt). Banana (Blight).

S.(1963): Plant Diseases. Agrios. F. S.Ltd. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. Mehrotra R. Part II Syllabus… . Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. Padoley. G. 4. Ny Vall. D. S. UNIT-II 5. R. Symptomology.F.N. R.S.T. 11 & 12.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. Collection and preservation of plant diseases. 10.F.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology. Pvt.(1980): Plant Pathology 7. 8. 5. Kenneth M. 3. M.K. 4 & 5. Singh. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology.B. 11.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. 6.C. Any 8) UNIT-I 1.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition).(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. R. REFERENCES BOOKS 1. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. 2 & 3. 6 & 7. 9. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases.S. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.9 & 10. 8. Gangopadhyay. 2.E. and P.Practicals (2 Units. Sc. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler.

Protoplast fusion and culture. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. insertion of gene in vector. Ti. 7. Hairy root culture 6. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. selection of the transformed host cells. b) Transgenics. somatic embryogenesis. maintenance and management (5). Human genome project. cloned gene expression (6). Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). 12. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella.an overview: Mapping. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). expression vectors. b) Genomics. transformation. Any 8) 1. 5. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. Bacterial. constructing chimeric DNA (7). resistance against plant viral diseases. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). Cell line culture 4. Practical (2Units. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction.plasmid. Part II Syllabus… . 2. operation. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. Drosophila. Study of DNA markers using RAPD M.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. Yeast. cell line isolation. hairy root culture (5). c) Isolation of the desired gene. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. Shuttle vectors. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). production of secondary metabolites. structures of host gene. Gene cloning using PCR 8. Sc. 3.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. cellular hybridization. Bacteriophages. Somatic embryogenesis 10. 9. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). Cloning vectors. Isolation of genomic DNA. herbicide resistance.

19. Singapore. Rastogi Publications Meerut. 2000 Genomes. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. Chrispeels M. Genes and Agriculture. 8. and Bhojwani S. E. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. Springer –Verlag. 6. Gustafson J. U. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. Razdan M. CRS press LLC. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. N. 12. Winkler. Tissue and Organ culture. 14. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. Brown T. 11. and Lal S. S. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. K. Vidhyashekaran P. 13. and Cocking E. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. 1996. 5. Gustafson J. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 1979. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. K. K. Gupta P. Ltd. Kumar U. Ltd. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. 16. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. 1994 Plants. P. Lal R. and Primrose S. 2. 20. S. 10. A. Pvt. Part II Syllabus… . M. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. Razdan M. 1999. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. D. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. R. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis.Special Paper. CRC Press. 2000 Plant cell. Manibhushanrao K. Sc. 1993. 7. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. 17. P. and Sadava D. Old R. Trigiano R. J. Pvt. Pvt. 4. Singh B. Chawala H. Thimmaiah S. C. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. Elsevier Science. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. and Wackernagel W. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. and Bajaj Y. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. 9. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. 1999 Genomes. Razdan M. B. and Gray D. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. J. Ltd.IV 1. and Mahadevan A. W. Reinert J. K. Plenum Press London. 18. 3. Mitra Sandhya 1996. Ltd. USA. P. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. S. Narosa Publication New Delhi. 21. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. 15. Ruger W.

Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 23. B. Graeme M. Sean R. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Mount D.22. Andreas Bazevanis. Journal of Experimental Botany 4. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Francis Ouellette and B. M. Durbin R. Cambridge University Press. Anders Krogh. Eddy. 26. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 5.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2. Jagota A. Part II Syllabus… . Wennacker Ernst L. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. Sc. 24. F. Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology 7. 25. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Journal of Plant Biotechnology 8. F. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 1.. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) 6. W.

(6) B) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. Methodology. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) M. Mining. Air pollution monitoring devices. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. Pathogens.SEMESTER IVENERGY. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Sc. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. Part II Syllabus… . ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . heat. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Vermitechnology. Air quality loss. Waste management. Oxygen sag analysis.44 PAPER. Nutrients. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals : 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: A) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Vehicular and Industrial gases. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring.Role of plants and microbes. Recycling of resources. pesticides. In India. Carbon and world climates.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. salts. causes and consequences. Self purification of natural streams. heavy metals. Nuclear winter.Conservation and management. (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources.

and Johnson. Study of IUCN Red list categories. (1994): Environmental Chemistry. Borgstrom. et al (1978): Fresh water wetlands. Part II Syllabus… . (1987): Environmental Conservation.. M. 4. Measurement of vehicular pollution. Study of Biological Indicators. S. 7. vol. E. R. C. A. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. II Balkrishnan. EIA study-II. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. M. Sc. W. (1989): Acidic precipitation. Misra K. Lal. B. (1993): Fundamentals of Ecology. M. Study of garbage. Suggested readings:• • • • • • • • • Adriano.Practicals. 9. C. D. EIA study-I. Dash. Measurement of dust fall.M. C. M. 8. (1988): Recent climatic changes: A regional approach. Oowen. 5. (1990): Waterfall Ecology. Gregory S. UNIT 5: 1. 2. De. R. and Black. K. H. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. Good. 3. Study of wetland macrophytes. UNIT 6: 6. (1994): Tropical Ecosystems. J. J. A. 10. and Bie.

pentoxylales theory and durian theory. categories. assessment. means and ways for conservation. World organisation for conservation of biodiversity. Time of origin of angiosperms. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale. Palmocarpon. its importance. pteridosperm theory. Musaceae: Musa cardiospermum. Tricoccites. Cradle of angiosperms.Palmae: Palmoxylon. monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms. Keystone and flagship species. sacred grooves and their importance. Chitaleypushpam. loss and conservation. probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory. Red List categories of IUCN. biodiversity of India. anthostrobilus theory. theories of differentiation and natural selection. theory of tolerance. Part II Syllabus… .IV) B O-4. Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron. Rhizopalmoxylon. types and areas of natural distribution. coniferales-amentiferae theory. stachyospory-phyllospermae theory. caytonian theory. Sonnertioxylon. geographical history. Sc. Harissocarpon. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity. Guttiferae: Myrtaceae: Sahnipushpam. shifting of poles. endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Indocarpa. Land Bridges.45 BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS Unit-I 1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil 9 angiosperms. Malvaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Sahniocarpon. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism. Enigmocarpon. Sahnianthus. Gramineae: Graminocarpon. Pandanaceae: Viracarpon. Sonnertiorhizos. 5 5 M. ethical principles of conservation biology. Unit-II 2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of India. 5 6 Continental Drift. Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. phytogeographic regions of the world. megacentres of endemism in India. centre of origin. Daberocarpon.Semester IV ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper. gnetales-angiosperm theory.

Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. androecium. fly. Santalaceae. 15 Unit-II • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. Carpenter bee. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Typhaceae. carpenter bee. Santalaceae. Eriocaulaceae. Sc. Xyridaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Xyridaceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. entemophily-bee. pollen. moth. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. butterfly and wasps flowers. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Viscaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. moth. Hydatellaceae. Co-evolution of angiosperms. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Sapindaceae. tour report. hydrophily. ) M. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. butterfly and wasps flowers. style and stigma. sex distribution in plants. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Viscaceae. Sketching. Apiaceae. (In second term of IV Semester. Typhaceae. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. Polygalaceae. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. Loranthaceae. Rhizophoraceae. types of 15 pollination. Polygalaceae. biology of floral parts-calyx. anemophily. insects and fungi. cheiropterophily. ornithophily. Sapindaceae. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). Rhizophoraceae.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. fly. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. Loranthaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. corolla. Part II Syllabus… . Apiaceae. pollination mechanism. Hydatellaceae. Eriocaulaceae.

A. Cambridge. K. R.Publishers. J. Heywood 1991. M. New Delhi. Hugh (ed. K. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. 1994. P. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. • Rao. • Davis. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. 1997. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. and B. Nayar. Part II Syllabus… . • Quicke. Plant Systematics. and M. 1993. M.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Muktesh Kumar [ed. 1951. • • Richard. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. M.S.. S. V. New Delhi. A. V. • Synge. J. Botanical Survey of India.A. • Cronquist. INC.] 1998. N. 1988.. Stevens P. Co. Pvt. D. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com.) 1980. Today and Tommorow Publications. and V. • Naik. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. R. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. Flowering Plants: Origin. 1981. Donald. New Delhi. 1987. Donoghue 2008. John Wiley & Sons. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Cmpbell C. J. J. Nepal and Bhutan. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Massachusetts. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. S. k. London. DST. Nayar. M. • Manilal. H. 1996. Sc. H. Hickey 1997. Ltd. Sinauer Associates. U.) Chapman and Hall. and M. USA. M. Oxford and IBH Publ. Kollogg.) Allen Press. New Delhi. Evolution and Phylogeny. • Lawrence George H. E. and L.Sunderland. Blakie Academic & Professional. A. Johri 1985. Ltd. P. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). • Shivanna. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. New Delhi . L. 1994. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. P. New Delhi. and M. • Judd Walter S. A. Columbia University Press. S. • Endress Peter. Kerala • Ahmedullah.F. Wiley Eastern limited. 1984.. Plant Breeding Systems. New York. R. (2ed. Palode. • Taylor. Dehra-Dun.

Storage of specimen. horticultural crops. Sc. gas exchange. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media.Gracilaria etc. Domestic bioresources . timber. Industrial applications of seaweeds.M. Part II Syllabus… . UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. modelling technique).crops. aquaculture. Chemical preservation. Species diversity index. oil crops. 7 8 M. Use of GPS. difficulties in getting axenic culture. feed. Similarity index etc. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. ornamentals. apiculture.46 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI ( SPECIAL PAPER IV ) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. Undaria . medicinal products. Medicinal uses. pulses. Wild bioresources . Source of iodine. .Standing crop. Herbarium technique. 5 8 2 5 7 8 UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. DIATOMS: Application and uses. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. fire wood. Mariculture of Porphyra . cereals. fodder. potential genetic resources. PART II (SEMESTER IV) MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY BO-4. live stock.Laminaria. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. litter fall. Sc.food .

Madras. J. d) Determination of S. T. R. National Bioresource Development Board (Department of Biotechnology) Govt. • Krishnamurthy. SUGGESTED READINGS:• • • • • Beck. Sc. The Diatoms. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods.(2005). b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. Bhosale. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem.Daya Publication Home.G. Cambridge University Press.I. R. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. Asso. & Smol . Plenum Press. ( A. Untawale. Marine Plants. State of Art Report.F. Algae and Man.J. • • Stein. Seaweed Research and Utilization Association.D. Chapman.N.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. Editor). of India. & Jegathanam.V. M.F. Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. Costal Vegetation.D. Mangroves of Maharashtra. Delhi. Ramnathan. Venkataramanjan K. Stoermer. (1972). Part II Syllabus… . J. Applications for Environment and Earth Sciences • Swaminathan M. P. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). II nd edition Pergamon Press. • Santhanam. Research foundation (2003). New York. (1976). Shivaji University. (1998). Kannupandi. Biotechnology of Microalgae. Coral Reefs of India. e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. • Trainor.J. V. (1985). and similarity index of mangroves. Jackson.. ENVIS Publication Series 2/98.L. (1987) . F. & Aspects of Marine Botany. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth.G.Kolhapur. (Field Guide). S.. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. R. Bioresources Status in Selected Costal Location. Introductory Phycology. E.

Nod genes. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). cooperative programmes (5). b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. b) Global biotech scenario.IV) B O 4. Agro biotech fields. Sc. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. a case study (5). food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Part II Syllabus… . c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). 8. 6&7. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. 11. Any 8) 1&2. Sources of patent information. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. wastewater treatment. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Practical (2 Units. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. microbes in leaching of metals (10). Hup genes (5). 3.47: APPLICATION. Intellectual Property protection. Visit to Biotech firms. Food.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. 9&10. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. M. Formulation of patent proposal. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). Collection. public verses private enterprises. Nif genes. Study of GMOs. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Symbiotic N2 fixation. 4&5. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. b) Patent systems in India.

Genetic Engineering. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. Kakralya. Elements of Biotechnology. Gupta.. India. India.J. 2002. 1998.and Ahuja.IV 1. and Pasternak. 6. New Delhi.l.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. Washington. New York.A. 1996. D. B. Rastogi Publisher. 3. Rastogi Publisher.Molecular Biotechnology. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Cambridge University Press.1994. Altman. Jodhpur. Scientific Publishers. J.Ltd. G. Mitra.Biotechnology. 5. Gupta. Glick.G. L.K. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Sc. Pvt. H. Marcel Dekker. and Reddy. 1998. Glick. New York. and Pasternak. S. 8. Srivastava.J. Agricultural Biotechnology. Altman. A. India.K. Biotechnology in crop improvement.R. Schlegel. India. 3.S.Suggested readings: Special Paper. H.Mcmilan. K.principles and practice. S.Molecular Biotechnology. P. 4.2001.K. 9. Technology Bhavan New Delhi.. Ravishankar. 1998. S. Technology information. India ltd. New Delhi. Special Paper.R.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. P. ASM Press. 5. 4.1997. 7.Microbial biotechnology. ASM Press.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. J. Reddy. Technology Bhavan.1995. New Delhi.M. 2000.P.1994. Technology information. H. 2000.and Venkataraman. General microbiology. M. Purohit. Part II Syllabus… . B. Lecture notes on patents. Trehan. B. Meerut. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. Agricultural Biotechnology. A.Wiley Eastern Ltd.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. New Delhi.1994. Washington.III 1.R. I. Elements of Biotechnology. Meerut.1997. Chavala. International Book Distributing Co. Marcel Dekker.. 2.Agrobios.V. 2. 6.

Sc.M. Part II Syllabus… .

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus… .

M. Part II Syllabus… . Sc.

Sc.M. Part II Syllabus… .

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction.Production of Pectolytic. Amylolytic enzymes. 11 & 12. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. application of immunological techniques. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Cell wall degrading enzymes . antigen and antibody reaction.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Bacteria and Viruses. Fusaric acids. UNIT-III 4. 2. Pectolytic. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. Proteins. gene for gene hypothesis. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. Piricularin. alternic Acid. 8 & 9. Photosynthesis. Toxins lycomarsmine. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Fungal and Nematode. M. 4. 5. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. Nucleic acids. Victorin. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Deficiency of micronutrients. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. Immunoglobulines. Cellulolytic . UNIT. UNIT-IV 5.2 & 3. 10. aflatoxins. UNIT-II 3. 6. Cellulolytic. Part II Syllabus… .Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. protein for protein hypothesis. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Sc. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Respiration. Bacterial.II 7. physiological specializations.

and A.N. G.E.E. Sc. S.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants. Ny vall. Singh. Aneja K. Mahadevan. Rangaswamy G.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field. S.S. M.A.A. and P.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. Gangulee.P. Part II Syllabus… . H. Gangopadhyay S. S. J. R.B.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management. Epidemics and Control.K. Of California Press. R.K.J. Plank J.A.S.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.M.R.(1963): Plant Diseases.London and New York. and R. Fiber and Oilplants.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. Paul Khurana.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Padoley.U. A. Plank. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. Uni. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.S. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. Kuijit.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke.F. R. A.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. II.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition).(1980) : Plant Pathology. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra.

To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Generation mean analysis. and Acclimatization of plants (2). Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). partial diallele. (02) (02). b) Domestication. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. (2). Triallele. Quarantine. Selection under domestication. Genetic erosion. Components of variance. Sc. Heat and cold resistance (10). Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). b) Mutation breeding (5). Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) (02). Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. cataloging. Exploration and collection of germplasm. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. 15.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. Line tester. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. Metroglif analysis. seedling growth and on mitosis 12. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. Introduction. Assessment of variability. Germplasm collection. data storage and retrieval 14. (02). Drought. c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 13. Estimation of heritability 17. Salinity. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. 16. 19. Genetic diversity (7). Practical (2 Units. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). Part II Syllabus… . M. 20. D2 analysis. Any 8) 11. Designing field experiments 18. conservation and utilization (2).

Plant breeding. New Delhi. Immer F. Ltd.. Karp G. 1973 Cytogenetics. Kalyani Publishers. W. Allard R. 25. 18. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 22. S.R. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. Kalyani Publishers. .I 11. 1996 Plant chromosomes. 21.C. Burgess Publishing Co. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 23. 2000. Ludhiana. Gamma Field Symposia No. Ltd.. L. and Sinha U. Khush G. Sinha U. K. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. Siddiqui B. Gupta P. K. Singh. Swaminathan M. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. 20. D. Merz T. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. and Jones E. Part II Syllabus… . 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. New Delhi. R. Micke A. Sharma. A. B. 12.Suggested readings: Special Paper. R. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. New Delhi 19. Principles and practice of plant breeding. and Khna S. 17. S. Minnesota. Academic Press New York USA. Plant Breeding and Evolution. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. 15. New Delhi.II 19. Swanson C. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. 14. 1999 Cytogenetics. Hays H. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . Harti D. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. Prasad G. 26. and Sinha S. P. Rastogi Publication Meerut. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. and Nakayama S. Gupta P. New Delhi. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. J. K. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. 20. Special Paper. 1998 Cytogenetics. and Young J. 16. 13. (Vol M. Burnham C. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. FAO/IAEA Symposium 1&2)Vienna 24. Fikui K. and Smith D.Principles and methods. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. Sc.. W. Co. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA.

Narosa Publishers New Delhi. New York. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. 35. 30. K. Levitt J. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 12. D. Caryologia 14. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. 31. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. L. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 16. 29.27.M. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 15. D. Bulm A. Rosielle A. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. A. 33. Chopra V. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Singh R. 28. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water.stress environments Crop Sci. New Delhi. 10. Kalyani Publishers. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. Journal of Genetics 11. Ltd. Poehlman J. 34. R. 1989 Plant Breeding . and Hamblin J. Fehr W. New York. Academic Press. CRC Press Florida. Salt and Other stresses. Pvt. Journals: 9. Cytologia 13. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 32. Sc. 21: 932-946. 36. and Singh B. R. Vijendra Das L. Sharma J. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. International Journal of Plant Breeding M.

Marine Environment.I ENERGY. TSS. Land use classification. planning and management. tides. Determination of organic matter from soil. Study of wilting coefficient. 15. currents. UNIT 4: 11. Part II Syllabus… . EC. composition. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. UNIT 6: 17. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. SEMESTER III (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. 8. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum.XI: ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 7. ii.Classification of climate climographs. 20. 18. Study of EC and pH of the soil. 12. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. Sc.SEMESTER III Special Paper . TDS and TS). Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. 21. 13. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i.currents. UNIT 3: 10. Water: Resources and Management. 22. 16. Fresh water Environment – Wind.light. 19. soil types of India. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. Soils: formation.T. UNIT 2: 9. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. soil profile. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 12. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. Law of limiting factors. Determination of BOD at R. Study of soil profile. pH. winds. 14. waves. Field visits to Industrial area.34 PAPER.

E) Community as Indicator. Ecotypes. Genecology-Ecads. Conservation of Biodiversity. Hot spots. etc. Community Periodism. Part II Syllabus… . UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. community Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) M. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. Global biodiversity. Indian Biodiversity (15) (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. Sc. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. UNIT 2: 2) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. Threats to Biodiversity.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. community stability. Regulation of communities.Global and Indian. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. Human Population Dynamics and predication.Role of Different factors. Density dependant and Independent Regulation.Ecotone and Edge effect. stratification. Biodiversity in India.(SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY.

Biomass profile for the community. 14. 15. Study of stratification and physiognomy. UNIT 6: 16. Determination of similarity index. Visit to local protected or conserved area. Part II Syllabus… . Study of community bisects. 18. 13.Community function – Biomass production measurement.UNIT 5: 11. Determination of IVI. Study of the Litter production. 20. Study of Vegetation by transect method. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. 17. 12. Sc. M. Study of population dynamics. Determination of association index. 19.

Thorne.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I) Unit-I 1 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts. Dahlgren and Robert F. general and special purpose classifications. Bentham and Hooker. M. Sc. 4 3 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus. De Candolle.SEMESTER III B O-3. R. P. M. Forms of scientific names. 5 7 TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa. hierarchical classification. the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Takhtajan. John Ray. ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students. B. Alfred Rndle. major categories: division. 3 M. T. Lyman Benson. seeds. Alpha and Omega taxonomy. family. 5 Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat. importance of taxonomy and need for classification. Jerome Bock. Andrea Cesalpino. species and infraspecific categories. order. the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein. Hayata. Gunderson. xylem and phloem. De Jussieu. Authur Cronquist. pollen grains. androecium. ovules. Joseph Pitton de Turnfort. de Lamarck. class. Bessey. taxonomy as synthetic discipline. Hans Hallier. inflorescence. Jean B. G. 5 RECENT SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATIONS: By Armen L. Adoph Engler. Oswald Tippo. Albert Magnus. 7 Unit-II 4 A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: The 10 evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace. systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity. Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity. flower. Part II Syllabus… . seedlings and fruits. Carl Skottberg. Pulle. i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler. minor categories: genus. Otto Brunfels. A. Karl Mez.Charles E. nodal anatomy. leaf structure. John Hutchinson. gynoecium. Jean Bauhin. Karl Christian MezAugust A. placentation. 4 2 THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000.

Effective and Valid publication. Sketching. Nomenclatural 7 terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. syntype. effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon. neotype. Lauraceae. Scientific names-Correct name. Homonym. SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION. isotype. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation. deposition of type. Autonym. Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Lauraceae. Casuarinaceae. Piperaceae. paratype. Moraceae. Urticaeae. Hydrocharitaceae. principle of priority. Basionym. 15 ECONOMIC INTERELATIONSHIPS. Priority. Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules. ambiguous. Moraceae. Alismataceae. alternative. Aristolochiaceae. Alismataceae. lectotype. Papaveraceae. Nymphaeaceae. Najadaceae. Piperaceae. classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae.8 NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]. Magnoliaceae. Tautonym. illegitimate. Sc. Alismataceae. Nelumbonaceae. Part II Syllabus… . 15 Aponogetonaceae. Lauraceae. PHYLOGENY IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae. Urticaeae. Najadaceae. placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. rejected and superfluous names. stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added M. naked. Ranunculaceae. Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. Nymphaeaceae. transfer of taxa. Dilleniaceae. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers. Synonym. Aponogetonaceae. Principles. Aristolochiaceae. Nymphaeaceae. Divisions. Hydrocharitaceae. Casuarinaceae. • Descriptions.

• Manilal. 1984. Flowering Plants: Origin. • Cronquist. 1951. H. • • • Takhtajan. Families of Flowering plants. J. Judd Walter S. E.) Allen Press. Donoghue 2008. A. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com.F. Ltd. Part II Syllabus… . Donald. Kollogg. and L. London. Flowering plants.. • Davis. P. New York. Cmpbell C. S. A. Ltd. Hickey 1997. Massachusetts. USA. New Delhi .Origin and Dispersal.S. New Delhi. Pvt. V. • Taylor. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. S. Heywood 1991. Stevens P. J. and M. New Delhi. INC.A. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. A. Sunderland. New Delhi. and M. DST. Co. • Quicke. Oxford and IBH Publ. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist. N. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Plant Systematics. • Lawrence George H. Sc. M. K. Evolution and Phylogeny. V. M. H. J. Hutchinson. 1988. and V. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. 1962.. Sinauer Associates. D. 1959. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. Columbia University Press. U. Publishers. 1981. 1993. S. Blakie Academic & Professional.] 1998. New Delhi. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. L. J. Today and Tommorow Publications.. A.whenever necessary. Muktesh Kumar [ed. • Naik.

pollen characters of taxonomic importance. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. ecological variations. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. classes of compounds and their biological significance. chromosome morphology. NPC of pollen. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. genetic variations and plant systematics. discrimination. 7 M. techniques of protein electrophoresis. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. techniques. excrescences. antisera antibody. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. L/O pattern. unit characters. symmetry. Basic chromosome number. ECOLOGY. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. techniques. precipitation reaction. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. measurement of resemblances. chemical protein analysis procedures. antigen. palynogram. parsimony analysis. Part II Syllabus… . cluster analysis. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. merits and demerits. OUTs. phenons and ranks. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. character coding. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. Cladastics and classification.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. construction of taxonomic groups. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. karyotype. exine stratification. serology and taxonomy: history. 7 cladogram. Sc. adaptations. scope and limitations. chromosome banding. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. applications. application of serological data in systematics.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. aneuploidy.

Boraginaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.. Lentibulariaceae. Lobeliaceae. Dioscoriaceae. vessels. Boraginaceae. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. SEM and plant surface stucture. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Burmanniaceae. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Gentianaceae. Costaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Pontederiaceae. Sketching. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. Orchidaceae. Asteraceae. Pontederiaceae. Plantaginaceae. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Sc. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). • • Unit-II Study of chomosomes. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Lentibulariaceae. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Cuscutaceae. Asteraceae. Burmanniaceae. Lobeliaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Dioscoriaceae. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Unit-IV 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL. classification and identification of families: 3 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 Cuscutaceae. M. Plantaginaceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Costaceae. VARIATIONS.

Today and Tommorow Publications. Pvt. H. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. • Johri. S. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. London.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. A. Sc. Plant Anatomy. Heywood 1991. Angiosperms. S. DST. Ltd. Erdtman. S. Ind.A. New Dehli. and Bhatnagar. P. CBS Publishers & Distributers. D.S. Co. P. Part II Syllabus… .) Allen Press. New York. Evolution and Phylogeny. 1966. New Delhi. • Maheshwari. • Manilal. 1984. K. V. Hafner Publ. New Delhi. 1988. New Delhi. B. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. • Erdtman. • Quicke. P. Angiosperms. New Delhi. L. • Naik. 1981. 1993. New Delhi. • Taylor. 1951. Donald. Acad. and L. K. 1984. • Davis. H. Hickey 1997. U. M. P. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. • Nair.] 1998. 1952. and V. N. Sc. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Ltd. G. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. J. A.(Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. Co. • Cronquist. New York. S. V. Embryology of Angiosperms. Flowering Plants: Origin. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Almquist and Wiksell. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. New Delhi. G. • • Fahn. S. M. Nat. Periodical Expert Book Agency. • Lawrence George H. 1952. New Delhi . Tata McGraw Hill. Columbia University Press. M. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Oxford and IBH Publ. 1984. Stockholm. J. Vikas Publ. • Cronquist. 1979. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. 1985. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional. K. New Delhi. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. and M. House.

• Shivanna.. K. E. London. and M.• Paech.. Kollogg. Vol-I & II. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. Springer-Verlag. Sc. 1992. INC. S.Sunderland. M. Part II Syllabus… . Plant Systematics. and N. K. and M. S. Sinauer Associates. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. Tracey. 1980. • Judd Walter S. V.F. 1956.Publishers. Cmpbell C.. Stevens P. A. Pollen Biology. USA. J.) Butterworths. Rangaswamy. R. Donoghue 2008.A Laboratory Manual. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. Massachusetts.

15 15 UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy. adaptations. Dune vegetation. East and West coast mangroves. Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae. salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae). LICHENS. Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 M. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae . Definition of the term ‘mangrove’. coccoliths. Bacillariophyceae. nanoplankton. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy. Life histories of a few important species . ultraplankton. Chlorophyceae. anatomical features. Morphological and anatomical adaptations. cytology. FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. morphology. ACTINOMYCETES. Nekton.M.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification. Lagoon and Delta. Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves. Sc. distribution. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. 6 5 4 UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Marine phytoplankton. Mangrove shores and forests. Part II Syllabus… . Brief idea of Plankton. Myrsinaceae. CORALS. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3. Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Distribution. Benthos. MARINE FUNGI. Estuary. UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek.dinoflagellates. Sc. Acanthaceae etc. ultrastructure.

e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex. Sc. Sargassum etc. Enteromorpha. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique.PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex.Chaetomorpha. Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton.Halophila etc.Caulerpa.). Padina. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. Part II Syllabus… . c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae.Ipomoea etc. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ M. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. Bryopsis etc. Dictyota. Ulva . Gelidium . b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Gracilaria.

Uptake.light absorption. Photosynthetic enzymes. photosynthetic rate. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. of these compounds. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Photorespiration. Factors affecting. Sc. Availability in sea water. MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Part II Syllabus… . Ultrastructure of salt glands. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. PRACTICAL COURSE II 5 5 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. Salt glands in mangroves. properties and extraction of Agar. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Chemical structure.46 BO-3. Sc. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. Membrane transport under salinity. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. vitamins for growth of algae.Essential elements. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. Significance of vivipary. Induction of CAM. effect of low light condition. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Leaf succulence. Accumulation of free amino acids. Role of aspartate. in mangroves. selective ion absorption.M.

d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. Sc. carotenoids. b . f) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. g) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Determination of organic matter content from sediment. Part II Syllabus… .Lumnitzera etc. phycobilins etc.c.UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. i) UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. d. M. chlorophyll a.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. h) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae.

laboratory design and development. Sterilization techniques (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) 4&5. b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture. Part II Syllabus… .I Theory (4 Units. Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture. maintenance. Callus desiccation. Practical (2 Units. operation and management (3). cell line isolation (5). Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7). Unit 4: a) Green house technology. embryo rescuing. equipment and apparatus. Any 8) 1&2. c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling. meristem culture. sterilization technique. its importance and future prospects (5). Organogenesis 8&9. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture. synseed (4). factors influencing morphogenesis. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses. conservation.SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Media preparation 3. operation. b) Cryopreservation. management (10). d) Hairy root culture (4). organogenesis.37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). c) Cell suspension culture. 11.I) B 0 3. b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2). b) Somaclonal variation. Callus formation and its culture. Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture. Callus culture 6&7. selection (5). Cell suspension culture 10. agro based industries M. Sc. axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10).

13. gene synthesis machines (10). construction of chimeric DNA. DNA sequencing. Sc. 5. its modification. Practical (2 Units. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). southern northern and western blotting. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. Part II Syllabus… . sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. 6. 2&3. cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. 12. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). dot and slot blots.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. Any 8) 1. 9&10 11. molecular probes. 4. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2).II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. Theory (4 Units. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). application. basic PCR. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. c) Molecular research procedure.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. Gene amplification. chromosome walking and jumping (9). synthesis. Unit 3: a) Isolation. 7&8. protoplast technology (5). DNA polymorphism (7). Unit 4: a) Genomics. Techniques of restriction mapping. b) Immunology (5).

l. ASM Press. Kakralya. S.J.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.Mcmilan. India. 1996. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. Rastogi Publisher. B.1998. 1998. New Delhi. 9. M. H.Agrobotanica. Sc. P. India. S. 11. Elements of Biotechnology. Mumbai. Biotechnology in crop improvement. International Book Distributing Co.S. Glick. 2000. India. Part II Syllabus… .principles and practice.1997. Meerut. Joshi.Gene Biotechnology. P. Genetic Engineering and its applications.Molecular Biotechnology.Special Paper II: 8. B. 14. Himalaya Publishing House. Gupta.1994.and Ahuja. India ltd. Genetic Engineering. J. Chavala.Agrobios. Jogdand. Mitra.R.N. 13.K. Washington 10. and Pasternak. I. 12.2001.

transamination. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. significance of photorespiration.the Calvin cycle. modern concept of electron lipids. transport. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 11. Sub classification of C4 plants. Sulphate uptake. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. carbon assimilation. Unit -III 13. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. (09) and modification of CAM. reduction and assimilation. Sc. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. 12. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. ethylene and ABA. passive and active solute transport. (09) (06) 14.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 9. mechanism of electron and proton transport. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. Rubisco. Nitrogenase. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. “nif” genes. glyoxylate cycle. photooxidation of water. membrane transport of proteins. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus.1. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. The flowering process: M. 10. gibberellin. Part II Syllabus… . cytokinin. regulation of nitrogen fixation. Anaerobic respiration. Inhibitor of respiration. phloem loading and unloading.

16) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts.proteins.Photoperiodism and its significance. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. role of cyclic nucleotides. floral induction and development. endogenous clock and its regulation.genetic and molecular analysis. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. 13) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. metal ion stress. phospholipids signaling. with paper chromatography. specific signaling mechanisms. M. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. e. salinity. Sc. 14) Study of enzyme lipase. 19) Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade.g. 18) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. 17) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. 12) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. Part II Syllabus… . (09) 16. Unit –II 15) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. role of vernalization. (06) Unit –IV 15. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 10) Study of enzyme ATPase 11) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. freezing and heat stress. protein kinases and phosphatases. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. receptors and G.

E. W. G. Bonner. 15. Noggle. and Ross.Reference Books1. II. H.M. 13. 6. A Treatise Vol. (2004): Plant Physiology. J. J. Krishnamurthy. Marschner. (1969. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Mukharjee S. Epstein. Levitt. 11.A. and ghosh A. II nd Edition. M.V. Part II Syllabus… . Beevers.B. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. Salisburry. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. Comprehensive M. Gregory. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. Wilkins. 16. 7. IV. 5. Miller.P.B. H. III. Taiz L. 3. Stump. and Fritz. G. 9. Sc. 10. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. E. F. F. 14.B. IX and XII. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. II and III. Devlin.I. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1971): The biology of Flowering. R. 12. 17. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. E. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. (1996) Plant Physiology.N. G. 4. 8. Salisbury.(1990): Plant Physiology. and Conn. Pessarkli M.N. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. 2. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. and Varner. F. J.R. and Zeiger F.

central wall. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. antipodal. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 5. (04) 9. 10. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. experimental induction and partial importance. ovary. Post fertilization events. Sc. pollen tube. (04) M. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Part II Syllabus… . Stigma surface proteins. 14. consequences and significances of (04) molecular aspects of SAM. 13.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. apomixis.Determination.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 8. Polyembryony: Classification. causes. nucellus. (05) 11. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. pollen wall. Pollen wall proteins. Chemotropism. endosperms. Causes. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 6. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. Leaf growth and Differentiation :.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. generative cell. (04) (06) Unit –II 12. Eggs. embryo culture and their significance.

S. 10. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots Agropalynology: Pollen viability. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 6. pollen and spore allergy. Part II Syllabus… .7. and oil exploration. pollen germination. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. unifloral multifloral honey. 10. 7. 11. Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. 9. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. Lateral roots . Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Citrus) Anatomy: 8. 8. Application:Utility in systematics. M. techniques. root hairs. Sc. (02) (02) (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. 9. properties of pollen. Study of polyembryonic seeds. pollen calendar and importance. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. pollen storage and their significance. root. and L. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. (Mango.microbes interaction.foraging behaviour of bees . Vesscular tissue differentiation . Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla.S. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. pollen analysis. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo.to Paleopalynology : Principles. application in crop productivity. Tabacco. 8. microfossil groups Aeropalynology: Principles.

) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. types of stomata . 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. Fahn. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. Cutter. Part II Syllabus… . Study of allergic plants and their pollen.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. stomata. Biochemistry management Shivanna. and M C Danials. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method.1965: Physiological plant anatomy Masueth.12. R G and F. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. M A.L. structure Anatomy: Barnova.Rev. Stanley. J D. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. trichomes. Bot.53:53-79. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. Pistia. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons M. 13. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. G. 14. Easau. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. aerial roots of banyan .S. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. Jussieua etc. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. E J.Res. B M.) origin of lateral roots . D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. K. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. P. A. Sc. 40:2157 Emmes.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. K. R. C R and L Chalk. Examine of L. Bot. Palynology: 1 2 3 4 5 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. P. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher.

Nair. Sc. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. Part II Syllabus… . . Bhattacharya. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. K and J Inversen. Nair. Heslop-Harrison. Gregory. G. Y. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. structure and function. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere.Solender. H. S T. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. Palynology Cunningham. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. A Laboratory manual. Tilak. Erdtman. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. Pandey and Chadha. Fageri.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. K. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. P H.

Salt stress . Radiation stress . Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Role of HSP. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. Phytoremediation.Nature of waterlogging stress. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. (08) 11. Transgenic approaches. zinc). Unit –III 14. Effect of ROS on metabolism. Photoprotection mechanisms. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Antitranspirants. (05) (06) . Flooding stress . Ionic stress . (05) 16. Drought hardening. Wetland and non wetland species. Mechanism of UV tolerance. Causes of soil Salinization. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Water stress . Unit –II 12.4.60 Unit –I 10.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Mechanism of stomatal action. Effect of UV radiations on plants. Transgenic approaches. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Transgenic approach.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Thermal stresses . Cold hardening. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. Oxidative stress .Definition of saline soil. (09) (07) 13. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance.Generation of reactive oxygen species. (05) 15.

Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition.Unit –IV 17. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. Gaseous stress . (06) (09) 18. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. Unit –II 14) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. Biochemical mechanism . 12) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. Practicals:Unit –I 9) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 10) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. of disease resistance. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. 13) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. Allelopathy. 11) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism.

Unit –II 7) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. Factors controlling crop productivity. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. Ethylene physiology. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) and post harvest (09) . water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Biotonics. lime and gypsum as soil additives.Physicochemical properties of soil. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. (06) (09) 8) Reproductive physiology:. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function.Photoperiodism and vernalization. (06) 6) Nutriophysiology . Factors influencing mineral uptake. Harvest index. sex determination and fruit development. CO2 as a fertilizer. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. Physicochemical properties of soil.Semester-IV B O – 4. Biofertilizers. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Foliar applications of mineral elements.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 5) Crop growth and its regulation. Role of PGRs in flowering.

(1992): Maximizing crop yield. 15) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. R. D. K. M.C. L. 54.(1972): Crop Physiology. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. U. Fitter. and Hay. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. 51. Kozlowski. Gupta.) 3. Gupta. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. and Orcutt. S. 58. NAR. K.T. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. 53. 55. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. (1969. J. N. Levitt. etc. 16) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. Evans. Invading weeds. (1972): Crop Physiology. T. 59.4) Determination of N. Practicals:Unit –I 1. A. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:49. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. LAI. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. U. Fageria. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. 52. 56. S. weedicides and their mode of actions. 57. T. S. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. J. 50.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. Hale. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). M. .M. Cherry. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. LAR. H.

27. Plant Physiology (USA). W.. L. M. . S. and Sarin M. (1975): Plants in saline environment. L. Upeke. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol.S. Pessarkli. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. and Zeiger F. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. R. 61. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. 25. 62. and Agarwal P. Sharma. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis.V.G. 71. Taiz L. Everymans Science.N. Environmental pollution. Bhargava S. Pojakoff Mayber A. H. NY. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). (1980): Plant Pathology. Srivastava. 66. 64. K. and Cramer. Turner. M. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Mansfield. Y. C. 67. S. L. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Paleg.A. C.K.C. and Gale. Nickell. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. I. I & II. 70. P. Journal of Experimental Botany. L. N.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. J. (1982): Tropical tree crops. 26. 72.60. Rice.S. N. K. 65. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 69. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. Marschner. D. 29. 63. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Manures and fertilizers.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. and Aspinal. and Gupta. Sinha S.Pessarkli.K. Mehrotra. Asana. 28.G.D. E. J. 68. Sane P.J. R. McLaren.

Commercial fungal strain : selection. 15 Practicals (2 Units.I 1..Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. Pleurotus spp. 7. UNIT. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. UNIT-II 4. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. 5 & 6. UNIT-II . Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. 6. cost benefit analysis. Any 8) UNIT-I 5. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique.improvement. 7. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. 6. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. 2.III 5. 8. diseases and their control.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4.development and their maintenance. Edible fungi. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. Production of Ergot alkaloids.Semester. 05 3. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus.

R.II and III. 32.(1935):Industrial Mycology.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism.H. Whipps. R. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. 22. 29. 17. (1975): Mould.S.(1961): Industrial Microbiology.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. Dodge.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. G. Perlite and manure spawn.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control.P. Fletcher. 28. 23.(1959): Industrial Microbiology. .(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Singer. 11 & 12.A. A. 26. REFERNCE BOOKS: 17.D.. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. J. . 30. W.E. Prescott.D.M. C. 25.G. 23.D.J. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. Allsopp and H.O. 21. A.W. Preparation of spawn: Grain.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. Gray. D.C.F.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. 22. 24. W. R.S.H. L. Christensen.C. and Dunn.:The filamentous fungi Vol. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism.White. A.(1970): The Yeast. 19.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. Cultivation of mushroom.L. 9 & 10. Barger. and Fletcher.W.Jr.7 & 8. and Barry. 18.H.I Industrial Mycology Vol. Casida. S. 21. Lodder.T.M. Aneja K. J. Chang. Rose. and Hays. J.and Gaze. 27. 31. Smith. Rhodes.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing.R. Onions.F.D. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms.T. 20.D. and R.

Banana (Blight). fungicide resistance in plants. UNIT-III 5 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. symptomology. Potato (Early and late blight). Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. Soybean (Mosaic). international approach. Seed certification.IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 3. 15 15 10 05 .Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. 4.Bajara (Green ear). plant treatments of Fungicides. contact and Systemic fungicides. field observation. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Anthracnose. Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). UNIT-II 3. Cotton (Angular leaf spot). Chemical methods. Biological control Agents. Grapes (Powdery mildew. Quarantine laws. isolation and identification of Pathogens. avoidance of pathogen. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). seed. Culture methods. soil. 15 UNIT-IV 5. Downy mildew). Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi.harzianum. Pseudomonas flurescans. Trichoderma viride. Citrus (Canker). Glomus. Sunflower (Downy mildew).42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. T. formulation and classification of fungicides. Methods of disease diagnosis. Tomato (Early blight). Wheat (Rust and Bunt). Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). pathogens and their management. Pigeon pea (Wilt). uptake and mode of action. Rice (Blast). VA-Mycorrhiza.

Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology.E.(1980): Plant Pathology 18. S.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. D. Padoley.Ltd. 13.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. S.(1963): Plant Diseases. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses.K. Collection and preservation of plant diseases.C.S. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler.B. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). 16. Mehrotra R. 20.F. 2 & 3.T. 11 & 12. 8. Agrios. 6 & 7. R. 4 & 5. Ny Vall.F. Gangopadhyay. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. 21. G. Pvt. 19. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. R. REFERENCES BOOKS 12. 22. Symptomology. Kenneth M. 14. and P. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. R. F.S. .Practicals (2 Units.N. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. 17. UNIT-II 5. Singh. Any 8) UNIT-I 2. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases. S.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. 15.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases.9 & 10.

culturing and growing E.an overview (Mutants. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). Genes from plastids and nuclei.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. Study of transformation (02). Genetic exchange in bacteria. 2. Study of southern blotting (02). Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). bacterio-phage X 174 (8). b) Molecular analysis of DNA. Isolation. genetic recombination in phage. post translational and compartment specific control) (7).12. 5. construction of genomic libraries. Transformation. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). production of recombinant DNA molecules. Post transcriptional. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15).SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. translational. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. T4 genetic map. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. 7. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). conjugation and Transduction. 3. 10. coli. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. coli and Agrobacterium. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. Any 8) 1. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. Media preparation for microbial cultures.III) B O 4. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). Practical (2 Units. . fine structure and deletion mapping). Study of bacterial transduction (02). 9. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). using phagemid vectors. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. amplification using vectors.

hairy root culture (5). operation. resistance against plant viral diseases.plasmid. somatic embryogenesis. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). b) Genomics. production of secondary metabolites. Human genome project.an overview: Mapping. Drosophila. Bacterial. Gene cloning using PCR 8. Yeast. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. 5.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. transformation. expression vectors. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. Ti. Protoplast fusion and culture. Cell line culture 4. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). 7. Somatic embryogenesis 10. structures of host gene. 12. c) Isolation of the desired gene. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. Practical (2Units. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. Any 8) 1. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). selection of the transformed host cells. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. cloned gene expression (6). b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Isolation of genomic DNA. insertion of gene in vector. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. Shuttle vectors. herbicide resistance. Study of DNA markers using RAPD . 3. Cloning vectors. 2. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. maintenance and management (5). c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. cellular hybridization. constructing chimeric DNA (7). Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. cell line isolation.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. 9. Bacteriophages. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). Hairy root culture 6. b) Transgenics.

24. V. and W. New Delhi. Concepts and Implications. New York. Klug W. A. 17. Miller J. M. 22. Griffith A. S. H. Ltd. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Journals: 8. 1983 Concepts of Genetics.. 2000 Genes IV. Brown T. Lewin. 19. Twyman R. Latchman D. Freeman New York. H. Annual review of Microbiology 9. Pvt. L. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 10. W. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. 14. R. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 13. K. Viva Books Pvt. 18. Gupta P. Merrill Publishing Company London. D. Charles E. Ltd. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. 15. New Delhi. 16. Suzuki D. and Cummings M. Alberts B. F. C. Wadwith Publishing Co. California USA. B. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Singh B. Wolfe S. Lewontin R.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1999 Genetics Principles. New York. 1998 Genomes. Jain H. VI. New Delhi. Caryologia 12. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 15. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) . Unwin Hyman Publication London. 6th Edition W. S. J. T. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 21. Stickeberger M. Cytologia 11. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. Journal of Experimental Botany 14. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective.III 13. 23. K. . M. Oxford University Press. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.. 20.

30. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. 38. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 35. Tissue and Organ culture. 29. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. Old R. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. 39. 31. W. 40. Chrispeels M. E. Pvt. S. Pvt. 36. Kumar U. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. Trigiano R. R. Ltd. 33. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. N. Gustafson J. and Primrose S. Winkler. P. Brown T. K. Ltd. Narosa Publication New Delhi. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons.IV 27. K. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Ruger W. P. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. 1994 Plants. Razdan M. 1993. and Wackernagel W. 37. 41. P. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. CRC Press. 42. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. Vidhyashekaran P. S. S. 45. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. and Gray D. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. Elsevier Science. Mitra Sandhya 1996. 1999. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. and Sadava D. B. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. 32. Chawala H. Singh B. Lal R. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. Genes and Agriculture. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. 2000 Plant cell. and Lal S. CRS press LLC. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Manibhushanrao K. and Mahadevan A. Gupta P. Razdan M. Razdan M. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. and Cocking E. and Bajaj Y. 2000 Genomes. Thimmaiah S. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Ltd. J. J. Gustafson J. 1999 Genomes. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Springer –Verlag. 34. D. Ltd. C. Reinert J. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. K. U. USA. K. Singapore.Special Paper. 44. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. . and Bhojwani S. Pvt. 28. 43. 1979. 47. 1996. A. 46. Plenum Press London. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK.

Mount D.. Wennacker Ernst L. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 9. B. Sean R. F. 52.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. Anders Krogh. 13. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 49. 15. Francis Ouellette and B. 11. F. 16. Durbin R. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Eddy. 14. Graeme M. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. . W. Jagota A.48. 50. Andreas Bazevanis. 12. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Journal of Experimental Botany Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology Journal of Plant Biotechnology International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 1987 From Genes to Clones. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. 51. Cambridge University Press.

Bisects. (7) UNIT 2: 10. Conservation of energy (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) . (5) distribution. Biological methods. species environment (microclimate). Hydrogen fuel. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. physical anatomy. Working model. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. 12. 8. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Global primary productivity patterns. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum).SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Methods of primary productivity measurements. (3) 9.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 7. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. seed (5) germination. Transects. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Biomass production by the species. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. leaf area index 11. 10.Conceptual model. geographic (LAI). UNIT 4: 11. Ecosystem modeling. techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Energy from wastes. (8) 10. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram.

Setting up an ecological model. Study of rooting of the cuttings. 13. Determination of calorific value of wood. Ecological data collection for computer use. 10. Use of ecological model in the field study. UNIT 6: 15. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Study of Leaf Area Index. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 10. 18. Study of population growth curve. 11.Practicals. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 12. 11. 14. 17. aquatic . 16. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity.

Carbon and world climates. Mining. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) .SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. Self purification of natural streams.Conservation and management. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . Vehicular and Industrial gases. heavy metals.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. pesticides. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. salts. UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Pathogens.SEMESTER IVENERGY. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. (6) D) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: C) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Air quality loss. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Waste management. causes and consequences. Vermitechnology. Methodology. Recycling of resources. Nutrients. Oxygen sag analysis. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity.Role of plants and microbes. In India. heat. Air pollution monitoring devices.44 PAPER. Nuclear winter.

EIA study-I. Study of wetland macrophytes. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. EIA study-II. 12. 15. Study of garbage. UNIT 6: . Study of IUCN Red list categories. 18.Practicals. UNIT 5: 11. 19. 17. 14. Measurement of vehicular pollution. 16. Study of Biological Indicators. 13. 20. Measurement of dust fall. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas.

scope and limitations. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. concept of species. cultivated and economic plants. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. methods in biosystematic studies. training and conservation of plants. Thomas Thomson. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. concept of genus and family. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. D.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. acosta. analysis and data presentation.Nominalistic. Typological. their merits and demerits. cenospecies. ecospecies. Van Rheede. Biological and alternative species concepts. dictionaries. location of type specimens. dates of publication. John Burman. C. its role in research and teaching. Gamble. tabular and lateral keys. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. J. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. Duthie. periodicals. bibliographies. concepts of species. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. color charts. Santapau. biographical references. computerized keys. Cooke. steps in biosystematic study. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. Robert kid. glossaries. Wallich. Brandis. outstanding botanical libraries. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). Parkinson. biosystematic categoriesecotype. 5 camparium. review serials. dictionaries and addresses. N. monographs and revisions. Prain. John Koenig. 5 . Robert Wight.Semester IV B O-4. T. maps and cartography.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. methodology. Haines. Fyson. Roxbugh. Buchnan. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. catalogues. William Griffith. world floras and manuals. Hooker and recent phase by Collet.

8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation- quantum, Mayrean, catastrophic, local ecological, geographic, phyletic; speciation and evolution of species. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC

5

POSITION, 15

INTERELATIONSHIPS, PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae, Lemnaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Bigoniaceae,

Passifloraceae, Caricaeae, Salicaeae, Arecaeae, Pandanaceae, Araceae,

• • •

Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Caricaeae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Arecaeae, Bigoniaceae, Pandanaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae,

Araceae, Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Selected Readings • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi.

Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London.

Taylor, D. V. and

L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • Shivanna, k. R. and B. M. Johri 1985. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Wiley Eastern limited, New Delhi. • Endress Peter, K. 1994. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Cambridge. • • Richard, A. J. 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. (2ed.) Chapman and Hall. Rao, R. R. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra-Dun. • Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC,Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Semester IV B O-4.45 ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS (Special Paper- IV)

Unit-I

1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil angiosperms; Time of origin of angiosperms; Cradle of angiosperms; probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory, coniferales-amentiferae theory, gnetales-angiosperm theory, anthostrobilus theory, caytonian theory, stachyospory-phyllospermae theory, pteridosperm theory, pentoxylales theory and durian theory; monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms.

9

Unit-II

2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of IndiaPalmae: Musa Palmoxylon, cardiospermum; Sonnertioxylon, Guttiferae: Sahniocarpon, Indocarpa, Rhizopalmoxylon, Gramineae: Sonnertiorhizos, Myrtaceae: Harissocarpon, Palmocarpon; Graminocarpon; Sahnianthus, Sahnipushpam; Daberocarpon,

6

Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron, Tricoccites; Pandanaceae: Viracarpon; Musaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Enigmocarpon; Malvaceae:

Chitaleypushpam. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale, geographical history, 5

Continental Drift, Land Bridges, shifting of poles, theories of differentiation and natural selection, types and areas of natural distribution, centre of origin, theory of tolerance, phytogeographic regions of the world, Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity, its importance, assessment, loss and conservation, ethical principles of conservation biology, World organisation for conservation of biodiversity, Red List categories of IUCN, means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism, categories, biodiversity of India, megacentres of endemism in India; Keystone and flagship species, endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra, sacred grooves and their importance. 5 5

Xyridaceae. Typhaceae. Hydatellaceae. hydrophily. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. Apiaceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. Viscaceae. Hydatellaceae. fly. Carpenter bee. insects and fungi. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. moth. Viscaceae. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. anemophily. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. fly. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. (In second term of IV Semester. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. butterfly and wasps flowers. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Apiaceae. Rhizophoraceae. Sapindaceae. androecium. cheiropterophily. • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. Santalaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. Rhizophoraceae. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). style and stigma. Eriocaulaceae. Xyridaceae. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. types of 15 pollination. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Unit-II Study of characters of anemophilous flowers.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. Loranthaceae. Sapindaceae. tour report. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. corolla. carpenter bee. biology of floral parts-calyx. Sketching. Loranthaceae. Polygalaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. ornithophily. sex distribution in plants. butterfly and wasps flowers. pollination mechanism. entemophily-bee. 15 Eriocaulaceae. ) . Typhaceae. Polygalaceae. Co-evolution of angiosperms. Santalaceae. pollen. moth.

Pvt. Johri 1985. .. S. Nayar. H.) Chapman and Hall. Ltd. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. V. • Judd Walter S. New Delhi . Co. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. A. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. R. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). J. London. 1984. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. and M. Nepal and Bhutan. Oxford and IBH Publ.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. 1981. 1988. Heywood 1991.) 1980. and M. N. Dehra-Dun. 1993. 1994. Hugh (ed. New York. 1987. K. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. • Davis. P. 1996. and M. Wiley Eastern limited. DST. k. Plant Breeding Systems. Stevens P. • Lawrence George H. New Delhi. Blakie Academic & Professional. D. INC. • Naik.] 1998.Sunderland. A. • Endress Peter. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. L. V. • Manilal. • Shivanna. R. Donoghue 2008. and B. • Quicke. Hickey 1997. New Delhi. E. New Delhi. New Delhi. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. J. (2ed. M. P. Botanical Survey of India.F. M. USA. S. S. M. Cmpbell C. Evolution and Phylogeny. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. • • Richard. M. and V. Plant Systematics. Donald. 1997. Today and Tommorow Publications.. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.Publishers. 1951.) Allen Press.S. CBS Publishers & Distributers. 1994. Muktesh Kumar [ed. John Wiley & Sons. U. Nayar. A. Columbia University Press. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Kollogg. K. Sinauer Associates. New Delhi. • Cronquist. • Taylor. Cambridge.A. J. • Synge. R. Kerala • Ahmedullah. Massachusetts. H. Flowering Plants: Origin. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy.. Palode. • Rao. J. and L. Ltd. P. A.

zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. Threats and conservation measures. Abiotic factors . Estuaries. ocean floor)factors. Biomagnification. Biotic factors . Types of Coasts. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. sewage. Sea as an environment.floral and faunal components. CO2. diversity. Toxic metal pollution. Anatomical. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. Natural and anthropogenic stress . physiological. O2. reef algae. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. 5 10 9 10 5 5 10 . Oil. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. distribution and types. tidal action. Ecological significance. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . Concept of Marine Park. PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. nutrients) Physical ( light.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Calcification. sources and impact. waves.Chemical (salinity. pesticide. Oceans.M. Detritus based food chain. Role of phytoplankton. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. wind.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . distribution. CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. Sc. temperature. Human impact. morphological adaptations in mangroves. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. factors affecting. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation.

and chlorinity of seawater . trichomes. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . pH. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. sclerides in mangroves .PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. c) Study of salts glands. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. salinity.

food . timber. live stock. Sc. Mariculture of Porphyra . COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods.crops. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. oil crops. gas exchange. litter fall. potential genetic resources. medicinal products. DIATOMS: Application and uses. Wild bioresources . Chemical preservation. ornamentals. horticultural 7 5 8 2 5 7 8 . UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. Medicinal uses.Standing crop.Laminaria. apiculture. Industrial applications of seaweeds. fodder. Undaria . aquaculture. Similarity index etc. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure.M. Herbarium technique. Storage of specimen. crops. Source of iodine.Gracilaria etc. pulses. modelling technique). feed. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. difficulties in getting axenic culture. .32 MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI (SPECIAL PAPER IV) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. Use of GPS. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. cereals. Species diversity index. UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. 8 Domestic bioresources . fire wood.

b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. d) Determination of S. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae.D.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .I. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. and similarity index of mangroves.

Hairy root culture. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. Bioreactor. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. 5. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. Practical (2 Units. Preparation of biofertilizers. 11. Theory (4 Units. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Study of transgenic plants. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). edible vaccines. Anther. edible antibodies (6). Applications in public sector (2). orchids. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. (8). cell cultures. 8&9. (5). Ficus etc. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. cell suspension. embryo culture. 4. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. Pinus etc. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. Cell suspension culture.Secondary metabolites from callus. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. biotransformation. Gene banks (5).37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Study of synseeds. 7. Any 8) 1. selectable markers. 2&3. c) Molecular farming. Factors affecting product yield.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. 6. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). . Tectona. Somatic embryogenesis. reporter genes (4).III) B O 4. 10. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. Study of Nitrate reductase activity.

public verses private enterprises. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. . a case study (5). Study of GMOs. 11. Symbiotic N2 fixation. 8. 4&5. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Hup genes (5). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). b) Patent systems in India.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. 3. Nif genes. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Nod genes. Food. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. Collection. Sources of patent information.47: APPLICATION. 9&10. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. 6&7. Formulation of patent proposal. Practical (2 Units. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Agro biotech fields. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Any 8) 1&2.IV) B O 4. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. Visit to Biotech firms. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). cooperative programmes (5). IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). Intellectual Property protection. microbes in leaching of metals (10). b) Global biotech scenario. wastewater treatment. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5).

R. New York.and Ahuja. 4. S.J. India. Altman.. Cambridge University Press. H. Washington.. 2.2001. Gupta. .V. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. B.R. Technology information. India. India. 1998. Reddy.Mcmilan.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. Lecture notes on patents. Technology Bhavan.Molecular Biotechnology.Molecular Biotechnology.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Marcel Dekker.Microbial biotechnology. 1996.III 1. New Delhi.R. India. J. Scientific Publishers. and Reddy. General microbiology. Srivastava.G.. A. 3.1995. Kakralya.M. Jodhpur. 9. Chavala. Agricultural Biotechnology. Agricultural Biotechnology. H.J. Mitra.1997. Genetic Engineering. Meerut. New York. S. D. P. 5.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. 6. 2000. 2000. 5. Elements of Biotechnology. Washington.Biotechnology. S.Ltd. Special Paper. 7. Biotechnology in crop improvement. K.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.principles and practice. Ravishankar. Altman. 1998. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. A. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).K. New Delhi.1994. International Book Distributing Co. 2002.Wiley Eastern Ltd. 1998. ASM Press. B. L. India ltd. Technology information. and Pasternak. Gupta. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).1997. New Delhi.l. G.1994. 3.and Venkataraman. Rastogi Publisher. ASM Press. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. New Delhi. J. H. Schlegel. Trehan. Glick.A.P. 2.1994. and Pasternak.K. Pvt. 4.IV 1. Rastogi Publisher. Purohit. Meerut.Agrobios.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. B. Marcel Dekker. Glick. 6. P.K. Elements of Biotechnology.S. 8. I.