SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY Syllabus for the Semester System Examination ( Academic Flexibility, Credit System) w.e.f. January 2008 for M.Sc. Part - I ( Semester I & II ) No. ( Semester III & IV ) No. from January 2009. and for M.Sc. II

M.Sc. BOTANY REVISED SYLLABUS (Academic Flexibility) (Credit System)
1. The entire course of M. Sc. (Botany) will be of four semesters spread over within two years. 2. There shall be four theory papers and four practicals (each based on one theory paper) in every semester. Each semester course shall comprise of four units per theory paper per week. One practical of two units per paper per week. 3. Every theory paper shall be having four units and every practical shall be having two units. 4. There shall be one elective paper and corresponding practical among the four papers per semester and the students from other departments can opt for this particular elective paper. The decision regarding admission of such other departmental students will be made by departmental committee of Botany Department. 5. Each unit in theory paper shall comprise of 15 lectures of 60 minutes duration and there shall be four lectures per paper per week. There shall be four practicals (each with not less than three hour duration) per week. Library (Reference) work/ Excursion/ Field Work/Seminar –Group Discussion/Project Work shall also be conducted in every week. 6. Among the four Theory papers there shall be one elective paper per semester. 7. There shall be at least two short tours per year for all students. For M.Sc. I students there shall be one long tour (in a year) out of the state to Botanical Regions, Research Institutes / Centers. All excursion tours, short and long, are obligatory to each student. Candidates shall require to produce, the following at the time of practical examination (at the end of each semester). :i) A laboratory journal of practicals and field record book duly signed by the concerned teacher from time to time. A set of micro preparations (semi / permanent) of plant materials illustrating the subject matter of the relevant paper.

ii)

At least 10-15 Herbarium specimens and preserved specimens (preferably of weeds) collected by the Candidate during the field work or excursion tour.

8. Various subject specializations intradepartment-elective are available at M. Sc. II ( Sem. III and IV). The Department offers one of the following specializations to each student on the basis of his/ her merit and willingness and availability of seats. (Subject distribution centralized). • • • • • • • • Plant Physiology Mycology and Plant Pathology Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding Energy, Ecology and Environment Angiosperm Taxonomy Marine Botany Plant Biotechnology Palaeobotany (Presently Suspended).

9. The entire course of M. Sc. in Botany will be of 2500 marks. So every semester will be of 600 marks; 400 marks for theory papers (4) and 200 marks for practicals (4), along with 50 marks for project work in semester III and semester IV. 10. Each theory paper will be of 100 marks (80 marks theory paper + 20 marks internal). Each semester (usually at the mid of the semester) there will be an internal test of 20 marks (20 multiple choice questions) and theory examination of 80 marks per paper (of 2.5 h duration) at the end of semester. 11. Each practical performance will be of 50 marks (20 marks internal + 30 marks external). There will be a separate practical examination for every paper carrying 30 marks. (Four separate Practicals). Each practical examination will be of 3 h duration. 12. A Project / Assignment will be given to every student during III and IV semesters, and each student will be examined for his / her project for 50 marks every semester. (50 × 2 = 100 marks for project, submission and oral presentation). 13. In each theory question paper (carrying 80 marks) seven questions will be put, out of which the candidate shall have to attempt five questions (carrying 16 marks each). The weightage to different types of questions is as follows :i) Descriptive or essay type questions 50 – 60 % ii) Short answer type questions (20- 30 %) The last (7 ) question of short answer type questions will be compulsory (based on entire syllabus).
th

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M.Sc. Part I (Semester - I) Theory Papers : B O 1.1 B O 1.2 B O 1.3 Elective I B O 1.4 Practicals: B O P 1.1 B O P 1.2 B O P 1.3 B O P 1.4 : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany M.Sc. Part I (Semister - II) Theory Papers: B O 2.1 B O 2.2 B O 2.3 Elective II B O 2.4 Practicals: B O P 2.1 B O P 2.2 B O P 2.3 B O P 2.4 : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation M.Sc. Part II (Semister - III): B O 3.1 Elective III B O 3.2 Special paper I B O 3.31 B O 3.32 B O 3.33 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Sc.46 B O 3. Part II Syllabus… .47 Practicals : B O P 3.37 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.36 B O 3.36 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy. Part II (Semister .2 Special paper III B O 4.5 : Project work/Assignment work M.44 B O 3.IV) : Theory Papers: B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Structure.37 Special paper II B O 3.35 B O 4.1 Elective IV B O 4.34 B O 3.42 B O 3.43 B O 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering B O P Special paper I B O P Special paper II Project Work: B O 3.B O 3.31 B O 4.2 : Energy.33 B O 4.41 B O 3.35 B O 3.45 B O 3. Development and Reproduction : Plant Physiology and Metabolism M.34 B O 4. Sc.1 B O P 3.32 B O 4.

46 B O 4. Development and Reproduction : Special paper III : Special paper IV : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.2 BOP BOP Project Work: B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology M.42 B O 4. Part II Syllabus… .44 B O 4.1 B O P 4.Special Paper IV B O 4.43 B O 4.5 : Project work/Assignment work : Plant Physiology and Metabolism : Plant Structure.45 B O 4.47 Practicals: B O P 4. Sc.41 B O 4.

low and high speed centrifuges ultracentrifuge. safety and care. Separation Techniques: Basic principles of centrifugation. pH-electrode. Biosensors. Cryopreservation 8 3 4 M. Modem. 8. Electrochemical Techniques : Principles. discipline. Standard units of expression. Collection and Preservation of plant material. fungi. Tracer Techniques : Isotopes is biochemistry / biology units of radioactivity. X-ray Diffraction : Brief idea with principle Unit: IV 10. MASS Spectrometry. Bioinformatics: Definition. Ion exchange and Affinity chromatography Gel electrophoresis. importance. types (bacteria. hot air oven. Spectroscopic Techniques : Basic principles Nature of electromagnetic radiation. constituents. Applications of radioisotopes. biomolecular structure. BeerLambert’s law. shaker. 12. inoculation. Ion-selective electrodes. experimental report. Liquid Scintillation Counting. The Variance. Biostatistics : Measures of Dispersion and Variability. Equipments – Laminar air flow. 2. Unit: III 7. algae. Sc. centrifuge Electricautoclaves 11. E3 4 4 4 mail. Biochemistry Laboratory : Laboratory. Measurement of radioactivity – Geiger-Muller. stirrer. Density gradient separation Column chromatography. Culture Technique : Principles. Search Engine. Computers in Biology : Modern computers. Biological Data Bases. medical science etc. Applications in genomics. 8 7 8 5 2 sterilization.1 Pre-requisite Course Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. oxygen electrode. The Coefficient of variation 3.B O 1. Use nets. 6. NMR. UV-VIS. plant) media preparation. thermobath. Laboratory note book. Part II Syllabus… . Palaeobotanical Techniques : Peel technique Palaeopalynological studies. Browsers. 9. Fluorescence and Absorption spectrophotometry – Instrumentation and applications. . 4. Internet(www/http).Ultrafiltration Isoeletricfocussing. Useful sites Unit: II 5.

Density gradient centrifugation – A separation technique List of Books : 1. Peel technique for fossil studies 9. Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment. 4. Long and Sourlock. Separation of proteins by gel electrophoresis 10. 8. K. Bombay (1993) 2. 4. K. Rao. Education. Practical Biochemistry : Principles and Techniques. 6. H. E. Study of instruments / equipments. Leagood and Long Chapman and Hall Publ. / E-mail operations 5.Colowick and Kaplan Academic Press. Academic Press (1970). Ed. ANOVA use of computer. A. 11. (1961) 11. R. applied genetics and Bio-statistics Goswami H. 2. etc. pH – measurement and preparation of buffers. Scurlik. London 13. R. and R. Experimental plant physiology – J. X-Ray diffraction. Pearsa. M. 12. Preparation of standard solutions. Bolhar Nordenkampt. Wilson and J. Verification of Beer and Lambert’s law Units: II (Any Four practicals) 7. Modern Experimental Biochemistry-Boyer. Use of search engine for literature / reference work / Searching biochemical literature 6. Walker (2000) Cambridge Publ. Plant histochemistry – Jensen. Academic Press New York (1989) 3. Methods in plant molecular biology – M. Methods in Experimental Biology. Jain and R. M. Pergamon press Oxford (1985) 7. N.Mungikar. (1975).C. photomicrography. 10. House. Flame photometer. Saraswati Printing Press Aurangabad. Practical cytology. Publ.(2005). ppm . Arditti and Dunn. Goswami.Practicals : UNIT : I (Any Four practicals) 1. Singapore. Hall. Handbook of field and herbarium techniques S. (1997). 3. R. Studies in Paleobotany-Andrews. 8. Schwer and Zeclinskin publ. N. A. A field and laboratory manualHall. Sc. Blakie. Part II Syllabus… . Accessing biological data bases. Methods in enzymology. (1993) 5. 9. Himalayan Publ. Determination of Correlation coefficient. R. M. An Introduction to Biometry.-Radioactive counetrs.-Ralph. Techniques in Bioproductivity and photosynthesis by – Coombs.

organic acids. Spheropsidales 2 5. 2. Ustilaginales Agaricales.B O 1. M. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders 13 Orders Dictysteliales Stemonitales Chytridiales Plasmadiophoromycetales Perenosporales Mucorales Taphrinales Eurotiales 13 1 1 Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gastomycetes Hyphomycetes Coelomycetes antibiotics and enzymes. Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hyphomycetales Melanconiales. Sc. Classification of Fungi by Alexopoulos and Mims (1979) 3. Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders Classes Acrasiomycetes Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Plasmadiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Hemiascomycetes Plectomycetes Unit : II (15) 4.2 Biology and Diversity of Fungi. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Part II Syllabus… . General Characters of Fungi. growth. Algae and Bryophytes Total Lectures : 60 Fungi Unit: I (15) 1. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. growth. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns.

Part II Syllabus… .Sphagnales. habit. Role of Algae in human welfare Structure. their inoculation on culture media. Jungermanniales. and inter relationship of following orders Sphaerocarpales. : Pinnularia. 2 1 8 2 2 : Gloeoecapsa. phylogeny. 9 2 2 2 Practicals Unit: I (15) • Fungi 1) Isolation of fungi from soil. Padiana. Bryophytes as indicators of pollution. Origin of Bryophytes Distribution.Algae Unit: III (15) • • • • Classification in Algae Culture. Oscillatoria. air. Class Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Order Stemonitales Chytridiales Types Stemonitis Physoderma. Scytonema. Sc. Cultivation and methods of preservation. Coleochaete. Botrydium. : Gracillaria. 2) Detailed study of following types from each of the following orders. Fritchella. Reproduction. Buxbaumiales • • Economic importance of Bryophytes. Spirulina : Mougeotia. Pithophora. water and host. : Dictyota. Cladophora. morphology. Phylogeny and interrelationship of following classes with reference to the forms mentioned against the classes Cyanophyceae Chlorophyceae Xanthophyceae Bacillariophyceae Phaeophyceae Rhodophyceae Bryophytes Unit: IV (15) • • • Trends in classification of Bryophytes. Takakiales. Synchytrium 1 5 M. : Vaucheria. Draparnaldia. Ulva. reproduction.

H.C. Albugo. Porella Notothyllus Polytrichum M. O. Cyathus Alternaria. K. Sharma. N. Desikachary. Gangulee. (1994) 4.D. Pandey. Vashista. P. (1986) 3. Uromyces. Agaricus. Part II Syllabus… . Kar (1992) 6. Aspergillus Claviceps Peziza Capnodium. Asterina Melampsora. Kumar. T. Singh (1971) 2. (1995) 5. (1972) Textbook of Algae Textbook of Algae Textbook of Botany – Algae Botany for degree students-Algae College Botany Vol. and H. Algae 1. III Taxonomy and Biology of Blue green algae : : : : Asterella. H. B. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Marchantiales Jungermanniales Anthocerotales Polytrichales Reference Books and Journals. Cyathodium Fossombronia. Colletotrichum Study of Algae: Types mentioned against each class in theory paper (available specimens / slides) • Bryophytes Morphological.Rhizopus Penicillium. Sc. and A. R. Polyporus. B.V.P. Mucor. Bremia.Plasmodiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Plectomycets Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gasteromycetes Deuteromycetes Unit :II (15) • Algae Plasmodiophorales Perenosporales Mucorales Eurotiales Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales Agaricales Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hypomycetales Melanconiales Plasmodiophora (Slide) Plasmopara. Targionia.

Fritsch. Subramanan.O. (1965) 8.A and IV-B : Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi : College Botany Vol. E. Watson. S. Indian Journal of Marine Biology Fungi. (1959) 4. Sussman 4. (1929) 3. (1964) 2. Ainsworth. Watson. C. Chapman. (1964) 7. (1996) 9. Bessey. Chopra. (1971) 8.Trimukchar (1952) 9. IV. M. Smith. Cavers. H. Mims (1979) 2. C.7.V. A. M.B.J. I : The Myxomycetes of India : Hyphomycetes : Ustihlaginales of India : Aquatic phycomycetes : Aquatic Fungi of India : Inter-relationship of Bryophytes : Liverworts of Western Himalayas and the Punjab Plains Part I and II : An introduction to Embryophyta. Phycologia 3. R. Dayal (1995) Bryophytes 1. Sc. Venkataraman et al. (1963) 8. (1989) 3. 2. Sparrdo F.S. F. Part II Syllabus… . and A. (1955) 6. S. G. and M. G. V. Phykos. Kumra (1988) Structure of Algae and Reproduction Algae-Form and Function The Algae : Introductory Mycology : Textbook of Fungi : The Fungi Vols. E. Vashista. S. R. and C. K. (1967) 5. 1. and P.R. N. O. V. E. G. II. and D.J. Ram Udar (1976) 5. Thind K. Bol. 4. N.V. K. (1977) 7. Kashyap. and A. Chapman (1965) Journals 1. J. Alexopoulos. Sharma. E. B. III. Mundkur B. II : The Structure and life of Bryopytes : British Mosses and Liverworts : Botany for degree students -Brtophyta : Biology of Bryophytes. (1960) 10. Kar (1992) 6. Parihar.J. W.K. I – Bryophyta : Bryology in India : Cryptogamic Botany Bol. Mahasagar 5. Gangulee. I.S. R. Seaweed Research. (1974) 9.

Biotic potential and Natality. 8 Allogenic and Autogenic Succession. Succession : Succession Unit: II 3. Part II Syllabus… . Estimation of primary productivity of an aquatic ecosystem 8. Survivorship curves. Biosphere Reserve Unit: III 5. Law of population growth curves. Evaluation of abiotic components of aquatic ecosystem (PH. Introduction of Remote Sensing technique and Geographical Information system (GIS) 7. Determination of residual Chlorine from Water sample. Any 8) Unit: I (15) 1. Global sinks and pollution cycle Practicals: ( 2 Units.B O 1. Determination of phytomass 4. Study of satellite imagery and vegetation Analysis Unit: II (15) 6. Study of phytoplankton 2. Sc. Determination of field capacity of Soil. MAB. 15 Unit: IV 6. 7.3 Plant Ecology Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Determination of hardness of Water 9. Study of Species diversity index 5. 8 7 M. Temperature and Transparency) 3. Climatic Climax. Habital Ecology : Fresh Water and Marine water ecology (ecosystems) 2. Mortality. 10. Ecological reports based on tour and / or analysis. Models of plant 7 8 7 Population growth and structure: Concept and attribrutes. Wetlands and their Characteristics – Classification of Wetlands & Examples 4. IUCN. Environmental Education Programmes : WWF. Life table and age structure.

1996 17. Smith. A. Odum. D. Taxonomy and Ecology . Misra. Fundamentals of Ecology – E. Plant Ecology – Weaver and Clemests 14. 12. The Plant community – Hanson and Churchil.List of Books : 1. Concept of Ecology (Environmental Biology) . Freysen and T. Karad 26. Clements 13. 1979 16. P. Ambsht. 18. Plant strategies and vegetation process 0 J.P. K. M. Principles of environmental Biology – P. Verma. 1978 10. V. Sharma. 1973 7. Concept of Ecology (1996) – Edward J. 1973 19. H. 1993. Chand and Company Ltd. Plant Ecology – R. Air pollution and forests – W. Ecology : The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance – C. Horper and Row (1978) 8. Ecology of halophytes – R. R. Practical Methods in Ecology and Environmental Science . H. Queens. Ecology – E. Environmental Impact Assessment. Rastogi publications. Theridam 4. Dary et. Odum. Progress of Plant Ecology in India – R. Nair. K. Enviro Media Publ. Al. Plant pollution ecology – A. S. Covel. Ecology and Environment – P. 1961 15. 1981 11. Misra. Reimold and W. Krens. Kershaw 20. P. Al. K. I – Ed. W. Prentice – Hall of India. An Introduction to Air Pollution (1995) – R. 1974 9. .W.J. Quantitative and dynamic ecology – K. New Delhi 25.V. Progress of Plant Ecology Ed. Meerut 27. Technology Assessment. 2. Environmental Impact Assessment of Govordhan. Lieth. Trivedy. K. Grime 23. P. 1990. S. Plant succession and indicators – F.R. Structure and functioning – A. S.V. H. 1978 21. Dhot 1990 6. Trivedy 24. J.W. Misra 5. Patterns of primary production in the biosphere H. Goel. E. J.K. 1985 3. dt. Heywood 22. B.F. Sc. Ecology workbook – R. 1988. Wedendrop. Environmental management of mining operations – B. J.P. Kormond. New Delhi. T. Part II Syllabus… . Agarwal.

Ephedrales. Filicales.4 (Elective I) Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes. Gymnosperms and Paleobotany Total Lectures: 60 Pteridophytes UNIT I (15) 1) Classification of Pteridophytes 2) Current trends of research in Pteridophytes 3) Comparative morphology.Marattiales. anatomy and evolutionary trends of following groups of plants. anatomy. Psilotales. Welwitschiales 10 5 • Applied aspects of Gymnosperms Paleobotany UNIT IV (15) Study of morphology. Lycopodiales. reproductive organs and affinities of extant members of following orders. Part II Syllabus… . Lepidodendrales Sphenophyllates Psilophytales. Marattiales Filicales . Ginkgoales. Sc. Taxales. Salviniales Gymnosperms UNIT II (15) • • • Recent trends in Classification Evolution in Reproductive structures of Cycadales Woods of Coniferales (15) 5 5 5 10 2 3 UNIT III • Study of morphology.B O 1.Sigillariales 8 M. reproduction and phylogeny of following orders with reference to the forms mentioned against each.

Pachytesta Elatocladus.Practicals UNIT I (15) Pteridospermales : Medullosales Bennettitales . Scutellum Ginkgo. Part II Syllabus… . Podocarpus. specimens / slides. Taxus. Dictyozarrites Palmoxylon.Williamsonials Cycalales Cordiaitales Coniferales Indian fossil flora – Glossopteris flora. stem. Sahnianthus Glossopteris. Pteris Angiopteris Salvinia M. Cupressus. Gangmopteris. Lignite maceration 5 2 Morphological. Gleichenites Medullosa. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Psilotales Lycopodiales Filicales Marattiales Salviniales UNIT II (15) • • Study of the morphology and anatomy of the vegetative and reproductive parts of Araucaria. Rajamahal Hill flora. Brachyphyllum Ptilophyllum. Isoetes Gleichenia. Microsorium. Study of following specimens : Sigillariales Sphenophyllales Marattiales Filicales Medullosales Coniferales Cycadaless Angiosperms : : : : : : : : Sigillaria Stem Sphenophyllum Stem Psaronius stem Rodeites. Selaginella. Sc. Deccan Intertrappean flora Paleopalynological techniques – Coal maceration. and Ephedra from available : : : : : Tmesipteris Lycopodium. Enigmocarpon.

Reference Books : Trivedi, A. N. (2002) Bierhorst, D.W.(1971) Rashid, A. (1978) Spome, K.R. (1966) Bower, F. O. (1963) Jermy, A. G. (1973) Vashishta, B.R. (1996) Parihar, N.S. (1959) Arnold, C.A. (1972) Darroh, W.C. (1968) Surange, K.R. (1968) Journals – American Fern Journal International Journal of plant sciences. Bierhorst, D.W. (1971) Chamberlein, C.J. (1966) Coulter and Chumberlein, J. M. Ramanujan, C.G.K. (1979) Spome, K.R. (1967) Vashistha, P.C. (1976) Arnold, C. A. (1972) Andrews, H.N. (1961) Darroh, W.C. (1960) Surange, K. R. (1968) – Morphology of vascular plants - Gymnosperms, Structure and Evolution - Morphology of Gymnosperms - Indian Gymnosperms in Time and Space - Morphology of Gymosperms - The Gymnosperms - An Introduction to Pateobotany - Studies in Pateobotany - Principles of Paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophyles - The Gymnosperms - Advances in Pteridology - Morphology of Vascular plants - An introduction ot Peridophytes - Morphology of Ptseridophytes - The Ferns - The Phylogeny and Classification of ferns. - Botany for degree students – Pteridophytes - An Introduction to Pteridophyta - An introduction to paleobotany - Principles of paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophytes

Eames, A. J. and E. M. Giffard (1950) - Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Foster, A. S. and Gifford, E. M. (1959)- Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1996)- The Gymnosperms.

Shukla, A.C. and Mishra, S.D. (1975)- Essentiales of Paleobotany Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1975) Stewart, W. N. (1983) - Paleobotany and the evolution of plants, Cambridge U.S.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Semester - II

B O 2.1Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants
Total Lectures: 60 UNIT: I (15) 1. Dynamic cell: General account of plant cell structure specialized plant cell types and pumps, receptors, transport 4 4 7 UNIT: II (15) 4. Organization and expression of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Nucleo- organelle interactions 6. Nucleus : Structure, nuclear pores, nucleosome organization. microfilaments, motor movements implications in flagellar and other movements UNIT: III (15) 8. Cell cycle and apoptosis : control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent Kinases : Cell plate formation . Mechanism of programmed cell death 9. Nucleic acids : Structural pecularities of DNA and RNA Law of DNA constancy and C – value paradox, DNA polymorphism, DNA damage and repair 10. Protein sorting : targeting of proteins to organelles, UNIT: IV (15) 11. Protein Biosynthesis : Concepts of central dogma, reverse transcription, mechanism of transcription, RNA polymerase and its role, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing), Gene concept, split genes, genetic code, deciphering the code, concept of degeneracy and Wobble hypothesis, mechanism of protein synthesis. GISH, confocal microscopy 10 5 12. Techniques in cell biology : In Situ hybridization to locate transcripts incell types, FISH, 4 7 4 5 2 5 5. Plant vacuole – Tonoplast membrane ATP ases, Transporters, as storage organelle 3 2. Plasma membrane : Structure, models and functions, sites for ATP ion carriers, channels 3. Plasmodesmata : structure, role in movement of molecules, comparison with gap junctions

7. Cell shape and motility : The cytoskeleton, organization and role of microtubules and

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Practicals : UNIT I 1. Isolation of chloroplasts 2. Separation of chloroplast proteins 3. Isolation and Estimation at DNA from various plants 4. Restriction digestion of DNA, its separation by agarose gel electrophoresis 5. Study of cell types – Guard cells, heterocysts, Sclereids, Storage cells. UNIT II 6. Study of vacuoles from different plants 7. Preparation of feulgen stained chromosome in root iip cells. 8. Effect of colchicine on chromosome movements during mitosis. 9. Use of fluorescent dye to visualize cell components. Reference Books : 1. Johnson Lewys – 2004 : Cell Biology ; sarup and sons, New Delhi 2. E.J. Dupraw – 1970 : Cell and Molecular Biology; Academic Press, London 3. De Robertis and De Robertis – 1997 : Cell and Molecular Biology (VIII); B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 4. C. P. Swanson, T. Merz, and W.J. Young – 1982 : Cytogenetics ; Prentice – Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 5. P.C.L. John (Ed.) – 1981 : The cell cycle; Cambridge University press 6. Benjamin Lewin : Genes – VI, VII and VIII ; Oxford Press. 7. R. A. Chapoldi 1977 : Membrane proteins and their interactions with lipids; Marcel Dekker, inc. N. York 8. A. N. Mortonosi (Ed.) – 1985 : The enzymes of Biological Membrames Vol. I, II and III; Plenum press, New York 9. Watson and others – 2004 : Molecular Biology of the gene ( V); pearses Educatias, Inc India 10. P.C. Turner and others – 2002 : Molecular Biology (II); Viva Books, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 11. W. Ream and K. G. Field – 1999 : Molecular Biology Techniques ; Academic Press, London. 12.Brace Alberts etal – 1983 : Molecular Biology of the cell ; Garland Publ. Inc., New Yorsk. 13.Charlothe J. Avers – 1986 : Molecular cell Biology ; Addision. Wesley Publ. Company 14. Sandhya Mitra – 1988 : Elements of Molecular Biology ; McMillan India Ltd., N. Delhi 15. C. B. Powar – 1992 : Cell Biology; Himalaya Publishing House.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Part II Syllabus… . Annual review of plant Biology 2. Cytologia 4. The Journal of cytology and Genetics 6. 9. Indian journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics.Current and Back Volumes of following Periodicals : 1. Cell 3. Journal of Genetics 5. Trends in Biotechnology M. The journal of Biochemistry 8. Journal of Experimental Biology 7. Sc.

Provisions for the governance of the Code. Angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Unit: IV Phytogeography hotspots. Categories and ranks Evolutionary Concepts : Origin of intra-population variation. M. assessment. Endemism. Relevance to conservation. Appendices Unit: III Taxonomic tools : Herbarium. The species concept. Importance of 5 10 5 7 Plant Speciation: Allopathic / Abrupt / Sympatric / Hybrid / Apomictic speciation. importance. Unit: II Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies and Recommendations. Adaptive radiations mechanisms. GIS 7 Systems of Angiosperm Classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems. GPS. Importance.B O 2. Important Rules Endemism in Western Ghats. Sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research 3 Taxonomic Structure: Taxonomic hierarchy. Isolating International Code of Botanical Nomenclature : Salient features-Principles. utilization. magnitude. Biosystematic categories.2 ANGIOSPERM SYSTEMATICS Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I Systematics: A Key science. Transference of Function. invasions and introductions. Botanical gardens. : Phytogeographic regions of India. conservation. Part II Syllabus… . Sc. Biodiversity. population and environment General biological Principle. Computers. hotspots and hottest 15 8 Steps in biosystematics. floras. compilation of field notes and preparation of herbarium sheets of such plants. Plant explorations. Cladestics in taxonomy. PRACTICALS: Unit: I (1-6) Unit: II (7-8) (9) (10) Identification of genus and species of locally available wild plants Preparation of botanical keys Study of at least 20 locally available families of flowering plants Field trips within and around the University Campus.

Inc. 1984. Botanical excursion of about one week duration to any botanically rich location preferable outside the State. S. New Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. S. Principles and Techniques of Commemoratory Taxonomy. Taylor. M. Donald. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGrow-Hill Publication Com. London Stace. Sinauer Associales. and V. An Integrated system of Classifications of flowering plants. Heywood 1991. R. Plaul. B) Endemic plants. BOOKS : Davis. Taxonomy of vasadar plants Oxford and IBH Publ. 2002. J. J. L. New York Gurcharan Singh. Taxonomy and Biosystematics Etwaed Arnold. Ltd. Families of flowering plants Lawrence George H. P. and M. 2004. Co. Flowering plaub : Origin. Columbia University Press. H. K. London. New Delhi Grnquist. Publishers Quicke. New Delhi. Stuessy T. Ltd. V. New Delhi Manilal. Plant Systematics : Theory and practice Oxford and YBH Publishing Co. Part II Syllabus… . 1951. The systematic Evaluation of comparative data. Biseu Sigh Mahendra Pal Sign Pehra Duk. Hickey 1997. A Primer of Conservation Biology. 1981. 1989. Sc. DST. A. Muktesh Kumar (ed. New Delhi Naik. Ltd... C) Exotic weeds. 1959. Pvt. V.) 1998. Tomorrow Publications. Today and M. A Hand book of Taxonomy Training. J. C. and L. A. B. Hulchikson. N. Blakie Academic and Professional.. H. evolution and phylogeny CBS Publishers a Distributors New Delhi. D. 1993. Delhi Primak. 2004. F. Pvt. Plant taxonomy .(11-12) Knowledge of at least 25 plant species from each of the following categories : a) Medicinal Plants.

History. 15 15 3 3 2 2 3. Cucurbits. Bamboo. 5 2. Bhendi. Unit: II 1. Stages of disease development : Pre penetration. Grapes. K. Teak. 4. . Coffee. Gerbera. Defense mechanism in host : Structural. Groundnut. M. Soybean. and Bacteriophage. Methods of Studying plant diseases and their diagnosis : Field observation. J. Introductory Virology : Nomenclature and classification of plant viruses. Onion. Garrett. History. History of plant diseases: Beginnings of modern plant pathology. Potato. Unit:III 1. 3 2. Jowar. causal organism. Dalbergia. 5. (external and internal. S. Sc. Sadavasivan. symptomology.B O 2. Citrus. Tobacco.C. Trimulachari. Rajmah.) epiphytotics. D. etiology and management of diseases of : Rice. Koch’s postulates. mycoplasma etc) . Chilly. C. plant pathology in 20th century. Sugarcane. isolation and purification of plant viruses. genetical and chemical. Role of environmental factors in disease development. Turmeric. disease forecasting. Bajra. physiological. culturing of pathogenic organisms (fungi. Cotton. Sesamum. Wheat. post penetration and 6 M. MLO : Classification. Coconut. causal organism.) epidemiology (Slow and rapid. Contribution of Woronin. conformation of Provost’s work Anton De Bary. Part II Syllabus… . 6 3. Papaya. Symptomology and Epidemiology : Disease identification based on symptoms. Tomato. Khun period. S. T. morphology and characteristics of MLO’s Identification techniques of MLO’s colonization. Sunflower. Horsefall. etiology and management of diseases of: Banana. Cabbage. TYMV. Unit: IV 1. Roses. Economic importance of viruses. Brinjal. Penetration. Mehta. J. Chemistry of plant viruses. Pigeonpea. symptomology. Ginger.3 Plant Pathology Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I 1. collection of samples. bacteria. ultrastructure of TMV. laboratory studies.

M. 1969: The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. J. Bunt. J. R. Rot. leaf sopt. Smut. 1993. Blight and Leaf Spot. Damping off. Early and late Blight. A. Downy mildew. R. Fungal Diseases : Club root. Mycoplasmal Diseases : Grassy shoot disease and Little leaf Viral Disease : TMV. 1998 : Plant Diseases Current and back – Volumes of following periodicals : 1. A. 1979 : Diseases of crop plants in India Singh. E. 9. Journal of Mycology and plant pathology 4. White rust. R. A. 1979 : Field Crop Diseases Handbook Pathological Problems of Economic crop plants and their Paul Khurama. Unit: II 6. 5. Fiber and oil plants Gangopadhyay . Journal of phytopathology 2. 1978 : Plant Pathology Aneja. S.Practicals : Unit: I 1-4. plant pathology and Tissue culture Cooke. 1981. 10-12 Estimation of chlorophylls sugars and polyphenols fro healthy and infected leaves. Planke. ander. Mahadevan. G. N. S. Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical field. 8. 2004: Clinical Plant Pathology Kuijit. Shridhar. 1982. Indian journal of phytopathology 3. Sc. Annual review of plant pathology M. Powdery mildew. Anthracnose. Vander. E. F. J. Blast. Rust. Wilt. S. 1963 : Plant Diseases Epidemics and control Rangaswami. and R. S. 1980: Plant Pathology Nyvall. : Experiments in Microbiology. Methods in physiological plant pathology Mehrotra. K. Nematode Disease : Root knot Phanerogamic plant Diseases : Total and Partial root and stem parasites Bacterial Diseases : Citrus canker. 7. Reference Books : Agrios. Tikka. 1968 : Disease Resistence in plants. 1998: management Planke. R. PMV and YVMV. G. Part II Syllabus… .

antibiotics Medicinal and Aromatic plants (Curcma longa. mastigatories and funmitories and beverages 2. Vegetable oil yielding crop (Safflower. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for conservation. protected areas in India – sanctuaries national parks. organic acids. evolution. botany and uses of food crop (rice and Sunflower ) Sugar and biomass crop (Sugarcane) Unit: III 1. 7 5 5 5 3. narcotics. Origin. cryobanks. field gene banks. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).B O 2.4 (Elective II) Plant Resource Utilization and Conservation Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Strategies for conservation: ex situ conservation: Principles and practices. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR). Artimesia). botanical gardens. M. Fibre crop (Agave). tannins and dyes. 10 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 6 2. 3. extinction. biosphere reserves. pollution control and esthetics Unit: IV 1. gums. Sc. seed banks. general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI). in vitro repositories. Principles of conservation. Green revolution: Benefits and adverse consequences bamboos. Part II Syllabus… . Important fire wood and timber yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as pigeonpea). Ornamental plants 6. Plants used as avenue trees for shade. resins and fruits. non-formal conservation efforts. Wetlands. Economic importance and utilization of Lower Plant Groups and enzymes. Ethnobotany : basic principles and scope 5. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. raw-materials for papermaking. General account of petrocrop 3. mangroves and coralreefs for conservation of wild biodiversity 5 2. Economic importance of microbes 2. environmental status of plants based on International Strategies for conservation – in situ conservation : International efforts and Indian initiatives. condiments. Unit: II 1. Plants used in Sericulture 4. A brief account of major spices.

Jha and P. Sengupta. S. Sc. Vear. :Mustard. Jain. Petro and Sericultural crops. 2. Plant fibres a) Textile fibres b) Cordage fibres c) Fibres for stufting 5. T. Gill and K.Vegetable oils 9. Ramanamurthy. Lawsonia) 11. & 4. Unit: II 7. and 8. L. G. A vasica) Jasminum. New Delhi. soybean Morphology. Eciatific publications Jodhpur A New moral Economy to India’s forests ? – Roger Feffery and Nandini Sundar (1999). anatomy. Forage / fodder crops : Study of important crops of the locality (Sorghum. Study of food crops : Wheat. microscopic structure of oil-yielding tissues. 12. tests for oils and iodine number. V. London (1969) Agrofrestry India Perspeetive. dyes : Perform simple tests for gums and resins. 10. ICAR New Delhi (1985) Agricultural Botany. Field survey and submission of report and scientific visits Books : A manual of ethnobotany Ed. Gums. Advances in Oilseeds Production and Technology. Adhatoda zeylanica (Syn. Economically important lower plants – two from each group. Butea. Terminalia. K..) 1) Estimation of proteins 3. Mentha. London (1954) M. N. Mangroves) Dyes (Turmeric . : Depending upon the geographical location select any five from campus / wild / crop field Catharanthus roseus. K. Garal Duekworth and Co.. microscopic study of fibre using appropriate staining procedure.Practicals : Unit: I 1. New Delhi Allen and Unwin Ltd. tannins. C. Ashish Publishing House. Part II Syllabus… . Safflower. Sugarcane Morphology. Sage Pub. Bixa. microchemical tests for stored food materials.K. Maize. resins. anatomy. & 6. Ltd. Bajra. Cymbopogon sp. Prepare a wet extract of vegetable tannins (Acaeia.. Chickpea. Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cotton. Agare : Coir : Silk cotton / Kapok Morphology..

W. New Delhi. Inc. (2005) Field crops of India by A. Parthasarathy and P. Aiyer. Vandana Shiva. B.R. Forbes Publ. Introduction to Spices. New Delhi (1996) Economic Botany. H. P. K. Dhiman (edt. Gopalaswaniengar. N. R. Donlin. Pomeranz VCH Publ.Shiva.D. A. Hill A. Meherhomji and N. V. Ltd. I. Orford and IBH publishing Co. Carter. Bengalore (2001) Herbal Medicines for human health. Dehradun. Simpson and M-Conner Economic Botany. El. S.Applied Ethnobotany – E. Ministry of Textiles. Mukadam. S. A Diamond Jubilee Publication by INSA. Bassam. Pupl. The Ronald Press Company New York (1955) Foristry Research and Education in India. R. Chaudhary R. R. R. Jha and P. Center. Giridhar. P. Frrest Wealth of India Inaccesible to impoverished. Pvt. B. (1994) CBS Publishers New Delhi Contributions to Ethnobotany of India. Day Publishing House New Delhi (1997) Handbook of Agriculture. M. Partha ocrruthy Bengalore (1991) Crop Protection Principles and Pratices. Vikas Singhal Indian Economic.P. of India. Publ. Trivedy and K. Jain Indian Agriculture. Dogra and R C. Forestry Handbook Ed. K. Joryal (1992) Forestry and the People (1994) L. Jaji. S.R. Part II Syllabus… . Khader. Mcgrow Hill Book Company (1962) Energy Plant Species. ICAR New Delhi (1969) Handbook of Sericultural Technologies. Publ. B. New Delhi. Chapmen and L.. Rangaswami. Data Res. Banglore Printing and Publishing Company Bangalore (1966) Forest Management (1996). Mathur (1996). Sudarshan. Iralappan Management of Minor forest produce for sustainability M. New Delhi Modern General Science and Technology by Y. 19996. K. Jemes and Jemes (Science Publichers) U. N. Sen Sharma . (1987) Ashish Pub. New Delhi. S. Publ. Plantation crops medicinal and arremats Plants. Freeman and Company Son Fran (1976) Deep Aublicatins. House. Govt. P. New M. D. K.) 1994.Varghesee S-VD Complete Gardening of India.D. K. Sc.K. Central silk Board. Discovery publishing House. Rengedhy G. Delhi. P . A. Forest Resources – Crises and Management Natraj Publishers. Jayant Jaiswal and K. Kumar.M. B. By G. Their use and inpact on environment and development.

E. McGraw Hill Intenational Edition (1986) Oxfod. Part II Syllabus… . Chapmen and Hall Scientific Publishers Jodhpur 1996. New Delhi (1997) Plants For Man. Ed. Basil Blackwell Inc.Day. The Useful Plants of India. 1980. Wickens. The Purpose of forests – Jack Westoby (1987)..) John Wiley and Sons. New York Tropical – Pulses by J. Schery. N. Hag.IBM publ. Great Pritan (1976) Tropical forest Resources FAC Forestry Paper (1962) Wealth of India . The biological aspects of rate plants conservation Syrge Hugh (ed.Old and New Series CSIR Publication M. G. George P. London Ogorzaly. Publi. K..New Crops for Food and Industry. Rmachandran (1986) CSIR New Delhi. Smartt – Lengman Group Ltd. Sc. R-M.

Gene banks. Importance of molecular marker assisted breeding. Natural selection). Isolation of plasmid from E. Karyotype analysis. coli. sativum. Chlorophytum Rhoeo discolor or any other ideal plants 8. Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA. Study of floral biology of crop plants 11. Gene sanctuaries 8 Unit 3: Population and Evolutionary Genetics: Evolutionary theory and population genetics. Applications of computer in plant breeding Practical (2 Units. Genetic variations in natural populations (Protein variation and variation with RFLP and DNA sequences) 15 Unit 4: Classical and modern methods of crop breeding and improvement: Genetic variability in crop plants. Sc. Molecular plant breeding. Molecular organization of centromere and telomere. Orcein banding species. 2. Karyotype analysis in any two plant species. A. Part II Syllabus… . Centers of origin of crop plants. Isolation of DNA and quantification by spectrophotometer. Theory of allele frequencies. Methods of breeding in self and cross pollinated crops. Cytoplasmic male sterility 7 b) Crop Genetic Resources: Centers of origin of cultivated plants. Determination of mitotic index. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. 2 2 15 6. Gene families. Mobile genetic elements and their significance. Aloe vera. Molecular marker systems. Institutes engaged in conservation and improvement of crop genetic resources. Genetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Changes in genetic structure of populations (Mutation. M. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Cytology: Chromatin organization. Heterosis. Global network for genetic conservation and utilization in major crops of world. 5.SEMESTER III BO 3. Karyotype evolution 15 Unit 2: a) Genetics of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Mapping of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. Vicia faba. 7. Genetic problems on gene mapping in higher plants 12. Genetic drift. 4. Banding patterns. 3. Importance of genetic conservation. Smear preparation of Allium cepa.1: CYTOGENETICS AND CROP IMPROVEMENT Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Visit to National Research Institute/ NBPGR centers/ Seed Company and submission of field diary. Migration. Nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes. Any 8) 1. Wild relatives of crop plants.

2003. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. New Delhi. 2003. Roy Darbeshwar 2000.Theory and practice. J. The theory of plant breeding.. 3. Germany. D. Cytology and Cytogenetics. Mandal. Mitra Sandhya 1994 Genetics a blueprint of life. (Publishers) Ltd. C. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding biotechnological and conventional approaches. Strickberger. P. Snustad D. K. R. Oxford. New York. Genetics. 1980. Sybenga. J. A. S. Gardner. R. 4. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. 1968. Cytogenetics of crop plants. M. Bahekar V. Van No Strand Reinhold. P. Jahier. Journals: 1. U. 1983. Swaminathan.. P. H. John Wiley and sons. Narosa Publication New Delhi.. C.. Sc. Lewin. Advances in plant breeding Vol.Principles and methods. S. VI. Sharma J. and Gosal S. Problems in Genetics Vol. Sharma. Butterworth and Co. V. W. 1998. 1968. Part II Syllabus… . 1980. P. London. Berlin. Russell P. New York. Scientific American Books. U. Meiotic configurations. K. D. J. Springer Verlag. 1979. 2. and Baltimore. and Wackernagel W. Tata McGraw. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. A. Singh. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Principles of genetics. S.. Chahal G. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. J. Ltd. Winkler. Oxford and IBH Publishing. J. Oxford University Press. Ganguli. Ltd. Macmillan India Ltd. S. and Sinha. Genes IV. Genetics.. P. A. 1993. Plant breeding.Hill Publishing Company Ltd New Delhi. J. Gupta. M. Third edition John Wiley and Sons Inc. B. Macmillan and Co. Ludhiana. Delhi. Darnel. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. K. Chromosome techniques. London. J. 6. 2000. Genetics Fifth edition Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Canada. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. Principles of Genetics. K. Kalyani Publishers. Mayo. I Arati Prakashan Aurangabad. The Macmillan Company. Clarendon Press. O. Sharma. and Banarjee. J. E. 5. Molecular cell biology. Swanson. S. Ruger W. 1975. I and II. and Sharma. Journal of Genetics Journal of Cytology and Genetics Cytologia Caryologia International Journal of Food Science and Technology M. Techniques of plant cytogenetics. and Simmons M. Lodish.Suggested readings: Avers. Co.. B.

biogas generation. Study of phyto-remedation 9. Effect of biofertilizers on growth of plant. Part II Syllabus… 8 7 4 4 4 3 b) Genetic engineering of plants: Aims. Unit 3: a) Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. Estimation of alcohol. principles and techniques. proteomics and bioinformatics c) Introduction to environmental biotechnology d) IPR: Concept. 2. 5. Isolation of root nodule bacteria. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology: Concept. importance. 10. Any 8) 1. 8. . scope and importance b) Applications of plant tissue culture c) Techniques of enzyme and cell immobilization. Seed dressing and inoculation with Rhizobia 7. primary and secondary 8 metabolites and enzymes. Production of alcohol by microbes. selection Unit 4: a) Hybridoma technology and stem cells b) Introduction to genomics. 4. Enzyme / cell immobilization. 6. biological control and recycling of waste b) Microbial products: fermentation technology 7 production of microbial biomass. M. Isolation and culture of bacteria. strategies for development of transgenic. construction of genomic and cDNA libraries and vectors Agrobacterium Mediated gene transfer. its application in industry 4 4 7 Unit 2: a) Bacterial Biotechnology: Bacterial nutrition and culture. scope and application of bacteria in agriculture with reference to biological nitrogen fixation. Sc.SEMESTER III BO 3.2: BIOTECHNOLOGY & GENETIC ENGINEERING Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Bacterial transformation and genetic improvement of microbes. ecological risks and ethical concerns Practical (2 Units. 3. Study of bacterial growth pattern.

and L. K.-Ason Press Washington 1984. Sullia and S Shantharam. Narosa Pub.P. Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA. New Delhi. Novo Industry.. 1986. 1985. Pub. tissue and organ culture. Trends in Biotechnology. J.Ltd.H. Biotechnology. 1994.: Applied and fundamental aspects plant cell.S.J Pasternals.O. A/S. Razdan.K. 1977. Weshwa Prakashan.Dubey. M. C.B. New Delhi 1994.Oxford & IBH. Plant pathology tissue culture and mushroom cultivation. Vikas Pb. Roberts: Experiments in plant tissue culture.: Experiments in Microbiology. and Y. Gamborg. Cambridge. Berlin.Bernard and Glick and J.Press..: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology.Phillips : Plant Cell. New Delhi 1996.L.and K.S. Fundamental Methods.J.K. Tissue and organ culture.D.P. 1995. New Delhi.: An Introduction to plant tissue culture oxford & IBH Pbl. O. M. Sc.. Bajaj.Co.2005 Kumar H. Dodds.. Reinhert. Wiley Eastern Ltd. Boyce.C. Wiley Estern Ltd. Aneja K. New Delhi. P. Cambridge Univ. General Microbiology by S. W. 2nd Ed.C. 1993. Trehan K. 1996.L. Part II Syllabus… .Kapoor.House. New Delhi. Springer Verlag. Molecular Biotechnology.Suggested readings: A Text Book of Biotech by R. : Novo’s Handbook of Practical Biotechnology. Tauro.G.Yadav: An Introduction to Microbiology.

8. 3. To study the effect of potassium on glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase . Study of Phosphorus distribution in different plant parts. Synthesis and degradation of cellulose. A brief idea of pectin biosynthesis and enzymes involved in pectin degradation. 10 5 Unit –IV 5. 2. Regulation of PCR Cycle and C4 Pathway. C3 – C4 intermediates. Regulation of Pentose Phosphate Pathway and TCA Cycle . 6. Regulation of electron transport chain and role of alternate oxidase. Estimation of Ascorbic acid. 4. ‘P’ fractions in plants. 5.31 Advanced Plant physiology and plant Biochemistry Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. Secondary metabolites –Shikimate Pathway and its role in biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites. Study of enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Organic acid metabolism –Metabolism and roles of oxalic acid. Unit –II 2.Carbohydrate Metabolism – Regulation of starch and sucrose biosynthesis. Phosphorus uptake. Study of effect of light on chlorophyll biosynthesis.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY`( Special Paper – I ) B O – 3. 11. Part II Syllabus… . Estimation of Cellulose. ‘P’ uptake. factors controlling 4. Study of enzyme polygalacturonase. 7. Estimation of Polyphenols.Phosphorus nutrition – Forms of phosphorus in soil. Role of Pyrophosphate in plant metabolism. Sc. ascorbic acid and malic acid . Estimation of starch. 9.Photosynthesis-A brief outline of chlorophyll biosynthesis and the pigment organization in thyllakoid membrane.Respiration – whole plant respiration . Practicals :– Unit –I 1. Glycolysis in plants and its regulation . 10. Study of enzyme inorganic pyrophosphatase. Unit –III 3. 15 15 Unit –II M. RUBISCO and PEP Case. 8 7 6. Study of Oxalic acid accumulation in leaf tissue.

C. W. S. H. and Ghosh A. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden.. S. T. Moore. a laboratory manual. (1979): Plant Physiology. G. Salisbury.K. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.V. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants.P.W. Mukharjee. S. Journal of Experimental Botany. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. Part II Syllabus… .(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. H. The Plant Cell. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. M. (1983): C3. Sane P. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Steward F. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. and Ziegler. Krishnamurthy. Pessarkli. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. C. and Agarwal P. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. K. Bhargava S. J.. W. Govindjee.K. (1996): Plant Physiology. Sc.C. NY. M. Marschner. H. Miller.C. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. E. C. G. Hopkins. A Comprehensive Treatise. Taiz. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry.. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Smith. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. G. E. Pessarkli.I. R. P. II and III.Suggested readings:Bidwell. and Fritz. Wilkins. M. L. C. and Varner. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. J. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. (1998): The Plant Physiology. W. D. H. Stump. I & II. Bonner. USA). B. Sinha S.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. I & II. and Ross.N. M. Edwards.R.K. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. Marcel Dekkar Inc. Noggle. and Conn. Walker. F.N. F. B. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology.

Isolation of fungi from soil. Criteria used in the classification of fungi. Vegetative and Reproductive. 7. determination of standard deviation and Frequency distribution. Micrometry : Study of micrometry and its significance in fungal taxonomy. 11 04 15 15 04 04 04 03 Practicals (2 Units.12. Webstor (1980). f. g.Semester III MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3.Measurement of spore size. Preparation of culture media.3 & 4. c. UNIT –III d. a. UNIT –IV 6. their identification and Classification.Taxonomy of Fungi (Special paper I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT -I 1. Morphology : External and Internal. Various systems of classification of fungi. a. Physiological and Biochemical. stains and fixatives used. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Serological and Nutritional. Techniques of microtomy. Host specificity. UNIT-II 7. e.32. Cytological and Genetics. UNIT -II 5. Ultrastructural and cultural. Sc. Microtomy of fungal specimen. histogram and polygon. Measurement of fungal dimensions.11. b. General features of fungi. M. 5 & 6. water. Czapeks Dox Agar and Richard’s medium. air and host plant.9. 2. 3.8. 2. PDA. 4. special culture media. Culture : Types of culture media and their preparation. 10. Part II Syllabus… . Status of fungi and research in Mycology and Plant Pathology in India: An overview. Ainsworth (1973) and b. Microtomy : Types of microtomes.

Aneja K.W.Vol. H. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology.B. Alexopoulous.Sparrow.R. Gangopadhyay S.E.S. III .K. Mycologia. Johanson.et al. Canadian Journal of Botany. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.(1909-50):Researches on Fungi Vol.R.REFERENCE BOOKS: Ainsworth. Part II Syllabus… . Kendrick. Bessey.(1994): A Text Book of Botany: Fungi.K.W. II. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. Rangaswamy G.P.(1975): Advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology.(1989): Text Book of Fungi.B.II. Raychudhary . C.L. IV-A and IV-B.P.R. (1960): Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi. Pandey.A. Sc.H.O. Sharma. M.I-VIII.A. S. Gangulee. S. G.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. E. D.Plant Pathology and Tissue Barnett. H. I.Sussman (1973): The Fungi. (1967): Morphology and Taxonomy of fungi Buller.F.A.J.and C.(1940): Plant Microtechniques. (1979): Taxonomy of fungi imperfecti..Mims(1979) : Introductory Mycology. Journals Annual Review of Plant Pathology.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. and A.and A.

Setcreatia Cynotis). Mitotic and meiotic cell division 5 b) Meiosis: modes of meiosis. Any 8) 1. Structural hybrids. possibilities and limitations Unit 4: a) Apomixis. Gene mapping and other uses. 7. euploidy and b) Alien genetic resources in crop improvement: Align addition and substitution lines. Genetic control of meiosis. Sc. Tobacco. Study of Apomictic Chromosome. chromosome disjunction. (02) 4.I) B O 3.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. genetic regulation of development in Drosophila Practical (2 Units. Study of life cycle in Drosophila melanogaste.33: CYTOGENETICS Total Lectures – 60 Unit 1: a) Introduction to cytogenetics. Triticale transfer of segment from align chromosome. classification. mechanism and theories of crossing over. Cotton. b) Drosophila genetics: Life cycle. sources and consequences. Special type of chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. 11. 3. 8. Genome analysis in wheat/ Gossypium. Study of aneuploidy and chromosome mapping in barely. Smear preparations in Allium cepa. significance in plant breeding 8 7 8 7 7 b) Numerical variation in chromosomes. special type of chromosome. Cytological analysis of polyploidy in plants. M. Meiotic analysis in plants (Stages. chisma terminalization by using photographs) Pachytene analysis. Synaptonymal complex 10 Unit 2: a) Structural variations in chromosomes. Meiotic studies in structural hybrids (Rhoeo. natural and induced polyploids Unit 3: a) Genome analysis in crop plants: Wheat. types of apomixes in higher plants. B-chromosome its origin and consequences aneuploidy. 6. (2) 2.r 10. their cytological consequences. (03) 5. Induction of polyploidy using Colchicine. Recombination models. Coix lacriamajobi. 9. chisma. Delphinium malbaricum. Study of B chromosome in Maize/ Drimia. Part II Syllabus… 8 . Zea mays.

Khush G. 3.. Swaminathan M. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. L. Academic Press New York USA. New Delhi. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. K. 2. Gupta P. Rastogi Publication Meerut. 1999 Cytogenetics. and Sinha S. New Delhi. Sinha U. and Sinha U. Kalyani Publishers. 8. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. and Jones E. 7. 5. Swanson C. Harti D. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd.I 1. Plant Breeding and Evolution. Merz T. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. Karp G. Fikui K. R. Prasad G. Burgess Publishing Co. New Delhi 9. S. P. Ltd. 4.Suggested readings: Special Paper. W. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. 6.. Minnesota. 10. 1998 Cytogenetics. Burnham C. and Nakayama S. 1996 Plant chromosomes. K. 1973 Cytogenetics. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. Sc. S. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. and Young J. M. New Delhi. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. Part II Syllabus… . Gupta P.

soil types of India. Fresh water Environment – Wind. Determination of organic matter from soil. (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. 3. Study of soil profile. UNIT 3: 4. ii.light. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. Part II Syllabus… . winds. planning and management. Sc. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 1. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. waves. Study of wilting coefficient. composition. TDS and TS). 8.Classification of climate climographs.currents. Marine Environment. Determination of BOD at R. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. 6. Water: Resources and Management. Field visits to Industrial area. TSS. tides. 2. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. 10. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum.34 ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1. Study of EC and pH of the soil. EC. soil profile. UNIT 6: 6. 5. 4. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. currents. 2. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. Land use classification. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. 7. UNIT 4: 5. UNIT 2: 3. Soils: formation. Law of limiting factors. 11. 9. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3.SEMESTER III (Special Paper – I) ENERGY. pH.T.

Krebs C. (3rd ed. Grims J. M. E. (1990) :The Biosphere. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Odum E. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. ( 1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Odum E. Kershaw K. I. P. P. Greig Smith P. R. K. (1978) : Ecology. Freedman H. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. Das S. J. K. and Das R. J. Misra K. Sc.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. P. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. Part II Syllabus… . C. F. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. (1971) : Ecology. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology.R. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. Kormondy E. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Misra R. C. A. Pandeya S. (1989) :Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical Methodology. F. Bradbury I. (1973) : Principles of Environment Sciences. Watt K. M. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. (1996) : Concept of ecology. Lieth H.

SEMESTER III B O-3.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I)

Unit-I

1

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts, importance of taxonomy and need for classification, hierarchical classification, general and special purpose classifications, Alpha and Omega taxonomy, taxonomy as synthetic discipline.

4

2

THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000, systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity, the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity.

4

3

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus, Albert Magnus, Otto Brunfels, Jerome Bock, Andrea Cesalpino, Jean Bauhin, Joseph Pitton de Turnfort, John Ray; ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students; Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson, Jean B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, De Jussieu, De Candolle, Bentham and Hooker.

7

Unit-II

4

A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: 10 The evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace, i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler, Adoph Engler, Alfred Rndle, Karl Christian MezAugust A. Pulle, Carl Skottberg, B. Hayata; the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein,Charles E. Bessey, Hans Hallier, John Hutchinson, Oswald Tippo, Karl Mez, G. Gunderson, Lyman Benson.

5

RECENT

SYSTEMS

OF

CLASSIFICATIONS:

By

Armen

L.

5

Takhtajan, Authur Cronquist, R. M. T. Dahlgren and Robert F. Thorne. Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat, leaf structure, nodal anatomy, xylem and phloem, inflorescence, flower, androecium, pollen grains, gynoecium, placentation, ovules, seeds, seedlings and fruits. 5

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

7

TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa, Forms of scientific names; major categories: division, class, order, family; minor categories: genus, species and infraspecific categories.

3

8

NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]; Divisions; Principles; Nomenclatural

7

terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype, isotype, syntype, lectotype, paratype, neotype; Effective and Valid publication; Priority; Scientific names-Correct name, Autonym, Basionym, Homonym, Synonym, Tautonym; alternative, ambiguous, illegitimate, naked, rejected and superfluous names. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION, 15 ECONOMIC

INTERELATIONSHIPS,

PHYLOGENY

IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae, Lauraceae, Piperaceae, Aristolochiaceae,

Nymphaeaceae, Moraceae, Urticaeae, Casuarinaceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation, principle of priority, transfer of taxa, effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon, deposition of type, Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers, stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules, placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. • Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Urticaeae, Aristolochiaceae, Casuarinaceae, Papaveraceae, Dilleniaceae, Alismataceae, Aponogetonaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Lauraceae, 15

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Manilal, K. S. and M. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. DST, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi. • Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London. • Taylor, D. V. and L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • • • Takhtajan, A. 1962. Flowering plants- Origin and Dispersal. Hutchinson, J. 1959. Families of Flowering plants. Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC, Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M. Sc. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60

UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification, Brief idea of Plankton, Nekton, Benthos. Marine phytoplankton- dinoflagellates. nanoplankton, ultraplankton, coccoliths. MARINE FUNGI, ACTINOMYCETES, LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. CORALS, FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy, cytology, ultrastructure, salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae), Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Life histories of a few important species . UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek, Estuary, Lagoon and Delta. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’, Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves, East and West coast mangroves, Mangrove shores and forests. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae , Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae, Myrsinaceae, Acanthaceae etc. UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy, Distribution, Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy, distribution, adaptations, morphology, anatomical features. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Dune vegetation, Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 15 15 6 5 4

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Enteromorpha,Chaetomorpha, Ulva ,Caulerpa, Bryopsis etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Padina, Dictyota, Sargassum etc. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Gracilaria, Gelidium , Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus,Halophila etc.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex,Ipomoea etc.). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SUGGESTED READINGS :1. Chapman,V. J. (1976). Costal Vegetation. II nd edition Pergamon Press. New York. 2. Desikachary, T. V. (1975). Marine Plants. N. C. E. R. T. New Delhi. 3. Kumar H.D. Delhi. 5. McConnaughey,B. H (1974). Introduction to Marine Biology. 6. Ranade, D. R. & Gadre, R. V. (1988). Laboratory Manual., M.A.C.S. Pune. 7. Sambamurthy,A.V.S.S.(2005). A Text Book of Algae. 8. Santhanam, R.; Ramnathan,N.; Venkataramanjan K. & Jegathanam,G. (1987) . Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. & Aspects of Marine Botany.Daya Publication Home. Delhi. 9. Sen Neera and Kumudranjan Naskar, (2003). Algal Flora of Sundarbans. Mangal Daya 10. Stein, J. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press. 11. Trainor,F. R. Introductory Phycology. 12. Vashishta, B. R. (1995). Algae S. Chand and co. Ltd., new Delhi. Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Introduction to Phycology. 4. Kumar H.D. and H.N.Sing (1990). Algae. Affiliated East West Press pvt. Ltd. publ. New

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER- I) B 0 3. 37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE- I Theory (4 Units, 60 Lectures)

Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture, laboratory design and

development, operation and management (3); b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture, factors influencing morphogenesis, Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7); c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling, sterilization technique, equipment and apparatus, procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture, Callus formation and its culture, Callus desiccation, organogenesis, meristem culture, axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10); b) Somaclonal variation; selection (5).

Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture, embryo rescuing, synseed (4); b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2); c) Cell suspension culture, cell line isolation (5); d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology; conservation, operation, maintenance, management (10); b) Cryopreservation, its importance and future prospects (5). Practical (2 Units, Any 8) 1&2. Media preparation 3. Sterilization techniques 4&5. Callus culture 6&7. Organogenesis 8&9. Cell suspension culture 10. 11. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses, agro based industries (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1)

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Gamborg. Srivastava. tissue and organ culture. H.Ltd. L.V.Laboratory procedures and their applications. D.and Roverts.Tata McGraw Hill Publishers.plant tissue culture. 1983.A. Elsevier Publ. Purohit. Nelson.H. K.Plant. 8.Greenhouse operation and management.and Bajaj. Academic Press Inc. 3.1966.and Venkataraman. N. G.1973. 1997.Academic Press. J. Raghavan.1997. Press.2002. 6.Academic Press.1985.K. Street H.Narosa Publishing House. Vasil. New York 15.V.1981. Bhojwani.1997.P. Evans et al 1983. Thorpe. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. Sc. 9. McMillan Publ. Plant cell culture. 11. S. O. Scientific Publishers. 7.Plant cell and tissue culture.W. 1974. Jodhpur. Narayanswamy. Plant tissue culture. New Delhi. New York.K. India.1976. press. Experiments in plant tissue culture. R. Reinsert. Dixon.Principles of gene manipulation. 2. 13. Y.a practical approach.1997. 1985.Cell culture and somatic cell genetics of plants (I).R.L. V.A.A. G. Tissue culture. S.Microbial biotechnology. Cambridge Uni. Hand book of plant cell culture vol.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Ravishankar. Part II Syllabus… . Springer Verlag..S. Cambridge Uni. L.Inc. tissue and organ culture fundamental Methods.W.Plant cell.and Primerose.. III.1984. M.B. 10. 12. II. I. Co. Oxford.and Razdan. P. I. 5.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. R.Blackwell. Doddas..Reston Publishing Co.E.Molecular embryology of flower plants. Pvt.M. S.S.. 4. and Reddy. J. Oril Press Oxford. New Delhi.and Phillips. theory and practice. 14. England.P. Reddy. New York. Old.C. S. Heidelberg. S. Berlin. New York. T.I 1.

Sc. Senescence and PCD. 3. A brief idea about role of tissue culture. Pollen germination –Physiology of pollen germination and pollen stigma interaction. b)Brassins. Plant movements – Phototropism. To study the effect of different PGRs on seedling growth M.Growth and Morphogenesis-Meristems in plant development. 6. Study of changes in starch / protein content during seed development. 5. stem. cellular localization. 10. A brief idea about development of plant organs: root. roles . 04 4. role and possible mechanism of action of a)Triacontanol. A brief idea about phytochrome biosynthesis. 7. geotropism and nastic movements. Seed Development –Biochemical changes during development of seeds. Effect of chemical compounds on pollen germination. A brief idea about role of plant growth retardants a)CCC. c)Salicylic acid. Study of changes in respiration rate during ripening of fruits. Programmed Cell Death. Study of enzyme acid phosphatase during ripening of fruits. b)Maleic hydrazide. Metabolism of leafy vegetables during storage. Plant Growth Regulators – A brief idea about discovery. c)Trizoles d)TIBA. Study of changes in RNA and Proteins during senescence.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY B O 3.Biochemical changes during senescence of leaves and petals and regulation of senescence. Unit –II 3. 5. Photomorphogenesis .41 Plant Growth and Development (Special Paper II) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. and mutants in physiological studies. mechanism of action of photomorphogenetic receptors. Unit –II 7. 4. d)Jasmonates e)Polyamines . 2. leaf and flower. 8. 15 Practicals:Unit –I 1. Unit –III 6. 2. Hormonal regulation of leaf and petal senescence. History and discovery of phytochromes and cryptochromes and their photochemical and 11 04 biochemical properties . Post harvest Physiology –Ripening of fruit and its regulation. 9. Study of lipid accumulation during development of oil seeds. Part II Syllabus… 06 03 06 . Unit –IV 8.

N. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. Marcel Dekkar Inc. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. (1983): C3. G.. II and III. NY. F. Steward F. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. USA). Walker.P. M. Pessarkli. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. Part II Syllabus… . The Plant Cell. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. L. R. Bonner. M.Suggested readings:Bidwell. and Fritz. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Salisbury. A Comprehensive Treatise. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. (1996): Plant Physiology. Journal of Experimental Botany.I.V. G. Pessarkli. and Ziegler. S.C. M. I & II.. Sinha S.. and Conn. a laboratory manual. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. and Varner. and Ghosh A. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. J. T. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. (1998): The Plant Physiology. Smith. Taiz. W. Edwards.K. Moore. Sc. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa.R. Mukharjee. E. Bhargava S. and Agarwal P. and Ross. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. P. I & II. C. Noggle. C. Wilkins. Marschner. B. S. Krishnamurthy. W.C. K. C. H.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. J. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. D.W.K. W.C. Miller. E. M. Sane P. H. H. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. S. H. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Hopkins. G. Govindjee.K. (1979): Plant Physiology. B. Stump. F.N.

aflatoxins. antigen and antibody reaction. Bacterial. Fusaric acids. Pectolytic. Piricularin. physiological specializations. Bacteria and Viruses. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Classification of crop diseases: Viral. Amylolytic enzymes. alternic Acid. Nucleic acids.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Fungal and Nematode.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. UNIT. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. 4. UNIT-IV 5. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. 11 & 12. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Toxins lycomarsmine. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. 8 & 9. Photosynthesis. Cellulolytic . Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Respiration. 10. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Deficiency of micronutrients. Cellulolytic. Part II Syllabus… . M. UNIT-III 4. Victorin.II 7. Immunoglobulines. 5. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Proteins. protein for protein hypothesis. application of immunological techniques. UNIT-II 3.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. 2. Sc. Genetics of host pathogen interaction.2 & 3. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. gene for gene hypothesis. 6.Production of Pectolytic.

Sc.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. and R. and P.A. Plank.A. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. A. R. Mahadevan.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. Gangulee. Ny vall. II.K. Plank J. Of California Press. R.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. M.S.E. Part II Syllabus… .U.F.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition).S.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology. Aneja K.London and New York.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.S. S. Uni. Rangaswamy G.M.K.A. Gangopadhyay S.R.B.N. Padoley. G. Fiber and Oilplants. and A. A.(1980) : Plant Pathology. Epidemics and Control. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.P. Paul Khurana.(1963): Plant Diseases. J.J. R. Singh. H.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke. S. S. Kuijit. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. (1994): Clinic al Plant Pathology.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.E.

Heat and cold resistance (10). 6. conservation and utilization (2). Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. (02). Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). Salinity. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Metroglif analysis. Line tester. 9. b) Mutation breeding (5). Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) M. Introduction. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. Any 8) 1. cataloging. Generation mean analysis.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. Genetic erosion. Drought. (02). Quarantine. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. Designing field experiments 8. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). Germplasm collection. Genetic diversity (7).43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. (02). seedling growth and on mitosis 2. Sc. 10. Exploration and collection of germplasm. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). b) Domestication. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. Selection under domestication. Assessment of variability. and Acclimatization of plants (2). Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 3. (02) (02). data storage and retrieval 4. Components of variance. Part II Syllabus… . partial diallele. Practical (2 Units. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. Triallele. 5. Estimation of heritability 7. D2 analysis.

A. 1989 Plant Breeding .stress environments Crop Sci. Singh.Principles and methods. A. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 14. . Sharma. and Smith D. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. D.Special Paper. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. 17. Rosielle A. Kalyani Publishers. Kalyani Publishers. L. K.C. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. New Delhi. B. Sharma J. D. Levitt J. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. 13. Sc. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 4. Bulm A. and Hamblin J. 11. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. R. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. Pvt. Allard R. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. and Khna S. 2000. 9. CRC Press Florida. Salt and Other stresses. R. 2.. and Singh B. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 8. D. New York. 18. 16. 10. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. New York. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 5. Plant breeding. Fehr W. W.II 1. Academic Press. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Caryologia 6. Hays H. Cytologia 5. Co.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Part II Syllabus… . Roy Darbeshwar 2000. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. Vijendra Das L. R. Journals: 1.M.R. Journal of Genetics 3. New Delhi. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. 21: 932-946. Siddiqui B. Immer F. K. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . FAO/IAEA Symposium (Vol 1&2)Vienna 6. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. 15. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. Singh R. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. 12. J. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 7. Gamma Field Symposia No. 8. New Delhi. Ludhiana. Chopra V. Micke A. 2. Poehlman J. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 4. Ltd. 7. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. Ltd.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 3.

Indian Biodiversity (15) Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. 2. (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. Genecology-Ecads. Study of the Litter production. Community Periodism. UNIT 2: 1) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. Global biodiversity. Part II Syllabus… . 3.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. community stability.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Conservation of Biodiversity. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. Biodiversity in India. stratification. Determination of association index. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. etc.Global and Indian. 4. Study of population dynamics. Sc. Hot spots. Ecotypes. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. 5. Regulation of communities. community M. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels.Ecotone and Edge effect. E) Community as Indicator. Determination of similarity index.Role of Different factors. Study of stratification and physiognomy. Threats to Biodiversity.

1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Visit to local protected or conserved area. (1938): Plant Ecology. M. S. Biomass profile for the community.. Krattiger. J. (1961): The Plant Community. S. E. P. P. F. C.): Biodiversity an Ecological Perspective. K. 10. J. H. P. (1990): Principles of Environmental Biology. Misra K. II. (1996) (4th ed. Galston. P.1990) : The Biosphere. J. A. K. R. G. Yadav.UNIT 6: 6. S. and Higashi. (1983): Plant Ecology. (3rd ed. Sc. H. T. Kormondy E. Shukla.K. Determination of IVI. 9. Krebs C. Part II Syllabus… . Puri. S. 8. J. Greig Smith P. J. Walter. (1997): Progress in Ecology vol. (1978) : Ecology. Odum E. S. Weaver. E. Study of community bisects. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. A. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. et al (1994): Widening Perspectives on Biodiversity. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bradbury I.. M. and Chandel. Suggested readings:• Abe. A. S. Nair. G. (1973): Introduction to Plant Ecology. Willis. I. Levin. Hamdan. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. J. and Churchill. (1997) (ed. C. D. S. (1968) : Research methods in plant ecology. C. (1979). J.Community function – Biomass production measurement.): Concept of ecology. (1996): Biodiversity: A biology of numbers and differences. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of Geobiosphere. Study of Vegetation by transect method. and Singh. Pandeya S. N. and Singh. Brij Gopal and Bhardwaj. S. 7. and Clements. (1979): Elements of Ecology.

application of serological data in systematics. precipitation reaction. construction of taxonomic groups. ECOLOGY. 7 M. OUTs. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. unit characters. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. applications. excrescences. symmetry. L/O pattern. antisera antibody. serology and taxonomy: history. techniques. Sc. genetic variations and plant systematics. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. techniques. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. exine stratification. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. parsimony analysis. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. Basic chromosome number. antigen. merits and demerits. adaptations. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. classes of compounds and their biological significance. scope and limitations. NPC of pollen. cluster analysis.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. Cladastics and classification. karyotype. Part II Syllabus… . wood and floral 5 5 anatomy.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. discrimination. chromosome morphology. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. character coding. 7 cladogram. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. chromosome banding. techniques of protein electrophoresis. phenons and ranks. aneuploidy. chemical protein analysis procedures. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. measurement of resemblances. ecological variations. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. palynogram.

Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Sc. Cuscutaceae. Costaceae. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Boraginaceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis M. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Burmanniaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. SEM and plant surface stucture. Asteraceae. VARIATIONS. vessels. Plantaginaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. • • Study of chomosomes. Pontederiaceae. Orchidaceae. Unit-IV 10 MORPHOLOGICAL.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Lobeliaceae. Lentibulariaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Dioscoriaceae.

and V. Boraginaceae. Lobeliaceae. Tata McGraw Hill. Heywood 1991. A. Part II Syllabus… . Burmanniaceae. New York. 1984. New Delhi. • Johri. Pontederiaceae. • Cronquist. Stockholm. Erdtman. New Delhi. Asteraceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. 1979. Hafner Publ. Embryology of Angiosperms. 1988. G. Dioscoriaceae. M.S. 1981. B. Today and Tommorow Publications.A. Sc. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. Lentibulariaceae. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. P. P.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. S. Ind. • Erdtman. • Cronquist. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. New York. (Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation.. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. Costaceae. • Maheshwari. Nat. Angiosperms. S. 1985. classification and identification of families: Gentianaceae. P. H. and Bhatnagar. 1952. A. H. Almquist and Wiksell. 1984. U. Angiosperms. • • Fahn. Cuscutaceae. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Sketching.) Allen Press. Co. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. 1952. Vikas Publ. Acad. House. New Delhi. Sc. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. S. Columbia University Press. G. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Plantaginaceae. Plant Anatomy.Unit-II • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. M. New Dehli. • Davis. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.

Tracey. N. Cmpbell C. Donald. • Judd Walter S.Sunderland. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Plant Systematics. Vol-I & II. 1956.Publishers. • Naik. K. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. Hickey 1997. V. Donoghue 2008. E. London. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. Co. New Delhi. and M. Periodical Expert Book Agency. D. • Quicke. 1951. and M. • Shivanna. K. Rangaswamy.• Manilal. Evolution and Phylogeny. M.] 1998. New Delhi . J. Kollogg. Muktesh Kumar [ed. S. Springer-Verlag. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. Oxford and IBH Publ.. S.. M. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. V.) Butterworths. Ltd. 1966. Ltd. K. Sc.A Laboratory Manual. and L. Flowering Plants: Origin. P. New Delhi. and M. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. Pollen Biology. and N. • Taylor.F. DST. INC. New Delhi. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. A. K. Sinauer Associates. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. V. Blakie Academic & Professional. • Nair. S. Stevens P. 1993. L. Massachusetts. S. J. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. CBS Publishers & Distributers. K. • Paech. R. USA. Pvt.. 1980. • Lawrence George H. London. J. 1984. 1992.

Salt glands in mangroves. Factors affecting. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Uptake. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. properties and extraction of Agar. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. 5 MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Photosynthetic enzymes.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids.light absorption. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Leaf succulence. Photorespiration. Sc. Membrane transport under salinity. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. Part II Syllabus… . Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Induction of CAM. Role of aspartate. Chemical structure. Availability in sea water. Sc. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Accumulation of free amino acids. Ultrastructure of salt glands.Essential elements. selective ion absorption.M. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. Significance of vivipary. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. effect of low light condition.46 BO-3. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. vitamins for growth of algae.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. of these compounds. photosynthetic rate. in mangroves.

Part II Syllabus… .PRACTICAL COURSE II UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. Cambridge University Press. M. (1973) : Handbook of Phycological & Biochemistry. New York. (1985) : Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. chlorophyll a. 8. d) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. Ring M. Stein. carotenoids. Sambamurthy. (1976) : Costal Vegetation. phycobilins etc.c. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. b) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. (1974) : Algal Physiology & Biochemistry. J. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. Edward Arnold Publishers. S. 5. d. (1982) : The Biology of Marine Plants. UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. F. P. e) Determination of organic matter content from sediment.Lumnitzera etc. W. J. 6. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. S. S. & Harrison. 4. (2005) : A Text Book of Algae. London. J. Jackson D. V.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. London and New York. V. c) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. A. 9. D. Chapman. Gerald. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suggested Readings :1. (1972) : Algae and Man. Waisel Y. C. Stewart. R. 2. IInd edition Pergamon Press. 7. 3. (1972) : Biology of Halophytes Academic Press. b . e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. E. Sc. Plenum Press. Lobban.

Practical (2 Units. chromosome walking and jumping (9). Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. protoplast technology (5). 9&10 11. 4. Sc.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. 6. Techniques of restriction mapping. 12.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. construction of chimeric DNA. 7&8. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. DNA sequencing. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. b) Immunology (5). synthesis. Part II Syllabus… . basic PCR. Theory (4 Units. dot and slot blots. Unit 3: a) Isolation. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). 5. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). application. c) Molecular research procedure. southern northern and western blotting. Any 8) 1. DNA polymorphism (7). 2&3. cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. its modification. molecular probes. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). 13. gene synthesis machines (10). Gene amplification. Unit 4: a) Genomics. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6).electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique.

Agrobotanica. ASM Press. Glick. 7. New Delhi.Mcmilan.Agrobios. 4. India.l. 2000. 1996. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Meerut. H.R. Elements of Biotechnology. and Pasternak. S. S. Rastogi Publisher.Special Paper II: 1. Chavala.S.N.Molecular Biotechnology. Part II Syllabus… .1994.Gene Biotechnology. B.2001. India. India. Himalaya Publishing House. India ltd. 1998. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.and Ahuja. 5. I. M. B. Joshi. Gupta. Jogdand.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Biotechnology in crop improvement. International Book Distributing Co. P. Genetic Engineering.J. Mumbai.K. J. 2.principles and practice. Washington 3. Mitra. Sc. 6. Kakralya. P.1998.1997.

the Calvin cycle. mechanism of electron and proton transport. reduction and assimilation. Rubisco. glyoxylate cycle. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. phloem loading and unloading. 2. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. Part II Syllabus… .Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 1.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. gibberellin. membrane transport of proteins. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. carbon assimilation. transamination. modern concept of electron lipids. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. Unit -III 5. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. ethylene and ABA. regulation of nitrogen fixation. significance of photorespiration. Sc. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. photooxidation of water. Anaerobic respiration. Sulphate uptake. (09) and modification of CAM.1. (09) (06) M. cytokinin. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. Inhibitor of respiration. Sub classification of C4 plants. “nif” genes. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. Nitrogenase. transport. 4. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 3. passive and active solute transport. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake.

receptors and G. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 1) Study of enzyme ATPase 2) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. Sc. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. specific signaling mechanisms. with paper chromatography. phospholipids signaling. freezing and heat stress. (06) Unit –IV 7. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. The flowering process: Photoperiodism and its significance. Unit –II 6) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. Part II Syllabus… . 8) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. 4) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions.g. protein kinases and phosphatases. role of vernalization.6. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. 5) Study of enzyme lipase. 3) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. metal ion stress.genetic and molecular analysis. salinity. endogenous clock and its regulation. role of cyclic nucleotides. floral induction and development. 9) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. (09) 8.proteins. e. 7) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination M. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants.

F.I. Salisbury. IV. Beevers. 16. 17. Marschner.Reference Books1. II. (2004): Plant Physiology. R. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. 6. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. M. 10. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. Stump. and Fritz. Pessarkli M.A. F. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. 11. J. Part II Syllabus… .B. II and III. E.E. 5. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Wilkins. G. Noggle.V.R. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. III. Taiz L. (1969. H. G. 8. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. 15.N. Epstein. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. F. Levitt. 14. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. A Treatise Vol. 3.P. W. Mukharjee S. 2. Miller. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. and Conn. and Varner. and ghosh A. and Ross. and Zeiger F. (1971): The biology of Flowering. G.(1990): Plant Physiology. Bonner. 13. 12. IX and XII. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. J. H. Devlin. Krishnamurthy. Gregory. E.M. 7. II nd Edition. 9. (1996) Plant Physiology. Comprehensive M.B.N. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. Sc. J. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. Salisburry. 4.B.

Pollen wall proteins. embryo culture and their significance. (05) 4. 3. endosperms. Polyembryony: Classification. 6. Sc. generative cell. 7. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. root hairs. central wall. Post fertilization events. ovary. Stigma surface proteins. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. causes. pollen tube. nucellus. abnormal male gametophyte and their function.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. Vesscular tissue differentiation . consequences and significances of (04) (04) (06) molecular aspects of SAM. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. pollen wall. root. antipodal. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory.(04) 2. experimental induction and partial importance. (04) 3. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 2. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 1. apomixis. 4. Chemotropism. Part II Syllabus… . Lateral roots . Causes. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 1. Unit –II 5. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell.Determination. Application:Utility in systematics. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids.microbes interaction. M. Eggs.

aerial roots of banyan . microfossil recovery theory and techniques.S. 3. (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. 7. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. (Mango.) origin of lateral roots . pollen and spore allergy.S. Jussieua etc. 3. 4. pollen analysis. Sc. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. microfossil groups and oil exploration. trichomes. Agropalynology: Pollen viability. 2. Examine of L. types of stomata . Study of polyembryonic seeds.Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. Part II Syllabus… . and L. pollen germination. Pistia. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots 5. M. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. 4. pollen calendar and importance. stomata. unifloral multifloral honey. properties of pollen. Aeropalynology: Principles. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. Tabacco. 2. pollen storage and their significance. application in crop productivity. 5.to Paleopalynology : Principles. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs.S. 6.foraging behaviour of bees . Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. techniques. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. (02) (02) (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 1. Citrus) Anatomy: 1.

A. H. J D. Biochemistry management Shivanna. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. K. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. G.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. R G and F. E J. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. M A. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. Fahn. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe.1965: Physiological Masueth. Bot. 40:2157 Emmes.53:53-79. Part II Syllabus… .Rev. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. Sc. 4 5 Study of allergic plants and their pollen. P. R. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. structure Anatomy: Barnova. P. B M. Bot.Palynology: 1 2 3 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . C R and L Chalk. and M C Danials.Res. K. Stanley. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. Easau. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. Cutter. M.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher.L.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons Solender.

Erdtman.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. G. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. P H. Gregory. Pandey and Chadha. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. structure and function. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Y. Fageri. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. K. Nair.Palynology Cunningham. Nair. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. . Sc. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. Tilak. S T. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. Heslop-Harrison. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Bhattacharya. K and J Inversen. A Laboratory manual. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. Part II Syllabus… .1985: The Angiosperm Pollen.

Unit –II 3. Water stress . Salt stress .Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Sc. Oxidative stress . Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. Effect of ROS on metabolism. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. Role of HSP. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India.Generation of reactive oxygen species. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Photoprotection mechanisms. Mechanism of UV tolerance. Causes of soil Salinization. Antitranspirants. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. (05) 7. Transgenic approaches. Wetland and non wetland species. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Transgenic approach.60 Unit –I 1. Part II Syllabus… .Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Effect of UV radiations on plants.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Unit –III 5.Definition of saline soil. (05) 6.4. zinc). Transgenic approaches. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Thermal stresses . Flooding stress .Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. (05) (06) M. Phytoremediation.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Radiation stress . Mechanism of stomatal action. Drought hardening. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. Ionic stress . (08) 2. Cold hardening. (09) (07) 4. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants.Nature of waterlogging stress.

Hale. Part II Syllabus… . 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. S. T. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. N. Fageria. 3) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. 3. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. Gupta. Catalase and super oxide dismutase.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. and Orcutt. 5) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes.T. of disease resistance. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. 5. D. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. M. K. (06) 9. 4) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress.M. 6. A. Practicals:Unit –I 1) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 2) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. 2. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. Cherry. Fitter. R.C. U. 9. Unit –II 6) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. M. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. T. K. H. 8. J. 7.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. U. Allelopathy. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. Gupta. Evans. (1972): Crop Physiology. M. S. L. Biochemical mechanism (09) Suggested readings:1. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism.(1972): Crop Physiology. Kozlowski. Sc. and Hay. S. Gaseous stress . 4.Unit –IV 8. 10.

26. Everymans Science. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. and Cramer. 20. K. 15. (1982): Tropical tree crops. 25. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. L. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress.S. and Gupta. 18. 23. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Nickell. L. I. Taiz L. 24. 13.K. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. E.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants.. Levitt. L. 16. Part II Syllabus… . and Sarin M. C.G.J. P. D. Pojakoff Mayber A.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. McLaren. 21. (1980): Plant Pathology.Pessarkli. S. Srivastava. Y. Plant Physiology (USA). (1975): Plants in saline environment. Sc. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Mehrotra. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Mansfield. W. K.K. M. M. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. and Gale. Journal of Experimental Botany. and Aspinal.D.N. Marcel Dekkar Inc. Environmental pollution.S. R. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. NY. (1969. and Agarwal P. Asana.G. J. Sharma. 29. L. 17. J. M. R. 12.V. 19. N. Pessarkli. Bhargava S. S. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. Sane P. J.A. 28. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). Paleg. Turner. 27. Marschner. C. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Manures and fertilizers. Rice. H. I & II. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. and Zeiger F. Upeke. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.C.. Sinha S.11. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 22. N. 14.

Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. 15 Practicals (2 Units.development and their maintenance. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT.I 1. 2. M. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. UNIT. 3. 6.III 5. diseases and their control. Preparation of spawn: Grain.. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. Pleurotus spp. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. 7. Sc. 5 & 6. 2. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. cost benefit analysis. 9 & 10. UNIT-II 7 & 8. 05 3. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. Edible fungi. UNIT-II 4. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. Part II Syllabus… .Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. 4.improvement. Production of Ergot alkaloids. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. Commercial fungal strain : selection. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. Perlite and manure spawn. 11 & 12. Cultivation of mushroom.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production.Semester.

Aneja K.W. Sc. 18. A.R. Gray. 19.H. 17.D.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. and R. C. R. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. Onions.J.I Industrial Mycology Vol.M. 11. 2. Casida. 5. and Fletcher. and Dunn. 3. Rose.II and III.D.S.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control.White. A. 6.(1959): Industrial Microbiology.:The filamentous fungi Vol. J.G.E. Lodder. and Barry. and Hays. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. J. 16.C.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture.(1961): Industrial Microbiology. L. Smith.D.O.(1970): The Yeast.H.P. Part II Syllabus… . 20. 4. (1975): Mould. W.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. 13. G.and Gaze.D.F. Whipps. S.R. 12.Jr. 14. 9. 10.F.L.A. W.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. J.M.T. .W.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. Chang.(1935):Industrial Mycology. D. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. 15. Dodge.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology.H. Barger.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. Prescott.D. R. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. Allsopp and H. Christensen.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology.REFERNCE BOOKS: 1. 7. 8. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism.T. Fletcher. Rhodes.S.C.. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. A. M. Singer.

culturing and growing E. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). Media preparation for microbial cultures. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. Genes from plastids and nuclei. 5.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER.III) B O 4.an overview (Mutants. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. Study of southern blotting (02). Post transcriptional. Any 8) 1. Genetic exchange in bacteria. 3. Sc. 2. genetic recombination in phage. fine structure and deletion mapping). 10. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. coli. Practical (2 Units. Study of bacterial transduction (02). 9. 12. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). T4 genetic map. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. translational. Study of transformation (02). Part II Syllabus… . Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). 7. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Isolation. production of recombinant DNA molecules. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Transformation. M. amplification using vectors. conjugation and Transduction. using phagemid vectors. coli and Agrobacterium. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). b) Molecular analysis of DNA. construction of genomic libraries. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15).

C. Brown T.. . 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Viva Books Pvt. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. R. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical M. Griffith A. Ltd. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. Singh B. New York. and W. J. Caryologia 5. Stickeberger M. Pvt. K. Latchman D. 1998 Genomes. D. Sc. Lewin. Cytologia 4. 6th Edition W. Concepts and Implications. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. Unwin Hyman Publication London. 3. 1999 Genetics Principles.. M. B. Ltd. 10. 5. Suzuki D. Jain H. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. Gupta P. Alberts B. Wadwith Publishing Co. F. New Delhi. T. 2000 Genes IV. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 6. Merrill Publishing Company London. 7. V. and Cummings M. New York. Miller J. 6. Annual review of Microbiology 2. Twyman R. L. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. New Delhi. S. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. VI. 12.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 8. Part II Syllabus… . Journal of Experimental Botany 7. John Wiley and sons Singapore. S. 11. A. Freeman New York. H. K. W. California USA. Charles E. Journals: 1.III 1. Oxford University Press. New Delhi. 9. 4. M. H. Wolfe S. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Lewontin R. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 3. Klug W. 2.

(3) 3. Ecosystem modeling. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. leaf area index 5. Hydrogen fuel. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Conservation of energy ` (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) M. physical anatomy. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. Transects. 2. Energy from wastes. Global primary productivity patterns. Part II Syllabus… . (7) UNIT 2: 4. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 1.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). (5) distribution. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. Biological methods. Working model. 10.SPECIAL PAPER-III BO-4. Remote sensing techniques and its applications.Conceptual model. (8) 8. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. geographic (LAI). 6. Sc. seed (5) germination. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. species environment (microclimate). Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Methods of primary productivity measurements. Bisects. UNIT 4: 9. Biomass production by the species. techniques of producing biomass energy plants.

( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. 9. 5. 2. 3. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. Setting up an ecological model. Determination of calorific value of wood. Study of rooting of the cuttings. Ecological data collection for computer use.Practicals. UNIT 6: 6. Study of population growth curve. 8. Study of Leaf Area Index. 4. Part II Syllabus… . Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. aquatic M. 10. 11. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. Use of ecological model in the field study. 7. Sc.

Sc. (1973): Principles of Environment Sciences. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. E. Misra K. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology.K. Kormondy E. I. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. Lieth H. Odum E. J. (1971) : Ecology. (1989) : Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical methodology. A. C. Greig Smith P. Part II Syllabus… . F. (1996) : Concept of ecology.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences.1990) : The Biosphere. (1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J.M. Bradbury I. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. Das S. Grims J. (1978) : Ecology. C. (3rd ed. and Das R. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Pandeya S. R. P. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. P. Odum E.P. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. Watt K. Krebs C. Freedman H.K. J. Kershaw K. F. R. M. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. Misra R.

cenospecies. Fyson. Typological. bibliographies. dictionaries and addresses. tabular and lateral keys. Duthie. scope and limitations. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. training and conservation of plants. Wallich. outstanding botanical libraries. Santapau. its role in research and teaching. 5 M. Brandis. Thomas Thomson. John Koenig. concepts of species. ecospecies. Biological and alternative species concepts. Prain. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. N. glossaries. Sc. C. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. monographs and revisions. J. D. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. Robert kid. Buchnan. methodology.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. Cooke. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. review serials. concept of genus and family. steps in biosystematic study. world floras and manuals. concept of species. Parkinson. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. color charts. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. their merits and demerits. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. acosta. location of type specimens. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. cultivated and economic plants. biosystematic categoriesecotype. biographical references. methods in biosystematic studies. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. Botanical Survey of India (BSI).Nominalistic. dictionaries. Robert Wight. catalogues. periodicals. John Burman.Semester IV B O-4. analysis and data presentation. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. Haines. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. Roxbugh. William Griffith. maps and cartography. Part II Syllabus… . 5 camparium.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. T. Van Rheede. computerized keys. Gamble. dates of publication. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India.

Lecythidaceae. Salicaeae. Lecythidaceae. Tiliaceae. Salicaeae. Sketching.quantum. Arecaeae. Araceae. Arecaeae. SYSTEMATIC 5 POSITION. Clusiaceae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae. Caricaeae. Caricaeae. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions. Pandanaceae. Lemnaceae. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . • • • Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. catastrophic. geographic. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Passifloraceae. Passifloraceae. classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae. local ecological. Tiliaceae. Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora.8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation. Bigoniaceae. Bigoniaceae. Mayrean. Pandanaceae. Araceae. M. phyletic. speciation and evolution of species.

1984. V.F. Oxford and IBH Publ.) Chapman and Hall. Part II Syllabus… . 1981. K. Cmpbell C. Heywood 1991. New Delhi. 1994. Sc. U..S. 1997. • Judd Walter S. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Dehra-Dun. New Delhi. Kollogg.. A. • Naik. • Shivanna. 1993. and V. and B. N. J. E. Johri 1985. Hickey 1997. R. • • Richard. Today and Tommorow Publications. New York. H. R. Donald. Blakie Academic & Professional.. Wiley Eastern limited.A. A. Co. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Sinauer Associates.) Allen Press. A. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Plant Systematics.Selected Readings • Cronquist. (2ed. • Taylor. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. • Cronquist. New Delhi . M. 1994. S. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. • Davis. Flowering Plants: Origin. • Lawrence George H. V. • Endress Peter. Ltd. P. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Cambridge. Ltd. H. 1951. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. and M. 1988. London. • Quicke. Massachusetts. A. R. Donoghue 2008. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. New Delhi. Rao. and L.Publishers. Pvt. J. Stevens P.Sunderland. k. J. New Delhi. Evolution and Phylogeny. M. CBS Publishers & Distributers. M. INC. L. Columbia University Press. USA. Plant Breeding Systems. J. D.

UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. sources and impact. 9 UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. Ecological significance. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India .36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. Abiotic factors . morphological adaptations in mangroves. 10 CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. Human impact. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Toxic metal pollution. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. Sc. Biomagnification.M. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence.Chemical (salinity. ocean floor)factors. Types of Coasts. sewage. nutrients) Physical ( light. wind. tidal action. physiological. distribution and types. affecting. Detritus based food chain. factors M. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. waves. Calcification. Sc. Natural and anthropogenic stress . Sea as an environment. O2. Anatomical. Part II Syllabus… . diversity. Role of phytoplankton. Oil.floral and faunal components. reef algae.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. Oceans. Biotic factors . CO2. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. 5 10 5 10 5 PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Threats and conservation measures. temperature. distribution. pesticide. Estuaries. Concept of Marine Park.

Kumundrajan and Rathindranath Mandal (1999). New Delhi.Bakshi.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. Naskar. M. Dawson (1960).B. e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. P. New York. Chand and Co. Current trends in life science. E. (1976). • Pandey B. pH. c) Study of salts glands. Algae . Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. Dwijendra Narayan Guha . b) Determination of nitrate from seawater.C. Introduction to Marine Biology. Gerald. Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves.P. S. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. (1985). Suggested Readings :• • • • • Chapman. Vol. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. Marine Botany. H (1974). Marine Botany Physiology and Ecology of Seaweeds. J (1985). & Harrison. Sundar bans. Ltd. • • McConnaughey. trichomes. sclerides in mangroves . Vol. II nd edition Pergamon Press.V. J. Publ. Today and Tomarrow. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. New Delhi. J. An Ecological Perspective. I and II. Lobban.. Mangrove Swamps of the • Naskar. Sc. (1994).Cambridge University Press. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. C. Kumudranjan. Part II Syllabus… . and chlorinity of seawater .23: Agromicrobes. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. S. salinity. Naya Prakash. Daves. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. Costal Vegetation.

Part II Syllabus… . Sc. Mangrove Ecology. M. T. (2002). A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Sea Water Analysis. R. • • • Round Ecology. Today and Tomorrow . R. Zha. A. .23. Macintosh (1988). Maita. Proceedings of Asian Symposium. (1981) Elements of Marine Ecology. V. P. Saenger.J. Publi. Cambridge University Press. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. C. V. (1999). D. R. Tait. R. M. J. Mangrove Environment Research Management.N..• Parsons. Kuala Lumpur. Laboratory Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. (1988). Silviculture and Conservation. Springer. • Ranade. Rao and D. Current Trends in Life Sciences Vol.Y & Lalli. & Gadre. N.E. Soepadmo. R. M. • • • Stein. New Delhi. Agromicrobes.

60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). (5). production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). and other related improvements in forest species Eg. 2&3. (8). 5. embryo culture. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Gene banks (5). Pinus etc. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. Somatic embryogenesis. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Practical (2 Units. Preparation of biofertilizers. Ficus etc. Sc. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. reporter genes (4). c) Molecular farming.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. cell suspension.III) B O 4. Any 8) 1. Part II Syllabus… . edible antibodies (6). 4. edible vaccines.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Theory (4 Units. selectable markers.Secondary metabolites from callus. M. 6. Applications in public sector (2). Hairy root culture. 7. Bioreactor. Study of transgenic plants. Cell suspension culture. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). 8&9. 10. orchids. cell cultures. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. Study of synseeds. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. Tectona. Factors affecting product yield. biotransformation. Anther. 11.

and Reddy. I. 4..Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.Ltd. 8. Elements of Biotechnology.1997.R. B.Molecular Biotechnology. 6. Washington. India.and Venkataraman.Wiley Eastern Ltd. New York. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. P.R. 1998. Jodhpur. 2000.2001. Srivastava. Marcel Dekker. Scientific Publishers. Agricultural Biotechnology. Pvt.G..J. Cambridge University Press. D.l. Schlegel. H. H.V. G. General microbiology. Purohit. 2.K.1994. ASM Press. Kakralya. L. Part II Syllabus… . International Book Distributing Co. B. Rastogi Publisher.and Ahuja. Glick. 7.1994. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. Reddy. Biotechnology in crop improvement.K. Meerut. India.Suggested readings : 1. Sc. Trehan.Microbial biotechnology. 1998. H. Gupta. S. Ravishankar. J. New Delhi.S. M. Altman. New Delhi.M.P. A. S. New Delhi..Biotechnology. India. 3. 5. 9. and Pasternak.1995. Chavala.A.1997.Agrobios.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. K.

lime and gypsum as soil additives. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status.Physicochemical properties of soil.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. (06) 2) Nutriophysiology . Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1) Crop growth and its regulation. Factors controlling crop productivity. Foliar applications of mineral elements.Semester-IV B O – 4. sex determination and fruit development. Part II Syllabus… . (09) M. (06) (09) 4) Reproductive physiology:. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Harvest index. CO2 as a fertilizer. Factors influencing mineral uptake. Physicochemical properties of soil.Photoperiodism and vernalization. Unit –II 3) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. Sc. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) Ethylene and post harvest physiology. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Role of PGRs in flowering. Biotonics. Biofertilizers.

K. Fageria. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Part II Syllabus… . (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:25. U. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. and Orcutt. LAR. Kozlowski. J. K. S. H. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. 29. 28.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. Sc. 7) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. M. 30. U. (1972): Crop Physiology. T. Cherry. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status).(1972): Crop Physiology. NAR. LAI. and Hay. Invading weeds. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. D. L. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. Practicals:Unit –I 1. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. 8) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. S. Evans.M. Gupta.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. R. Fitter. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology.) 3. T. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. N. M. 34. 31. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. 27. Gupta. 33. A.4) Determination of N.C. 32. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. M. weedicides and their mode of actions. 26.T. S. Hale. etc.

(2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. L. N. C. 41. S. Pojakoff Mayber A. 48. K. Turner. and Sarin M. NY. J. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Sane P. N.. and Cramer. Y. Levitt.S. 40.J. I. Mansfield. 44. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. M. Paleg. and Gale. (1980): Plant Pathology. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). Sinha S. L. Taiz L. D. S.N. J.A. 25. (1975): Plants in saline environment. E. Part II Syllabus… . Yawalkar and Agarwal. M. Sc. C. L.G. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. Environmental pollution. 26.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Sharma. Rice. M. (1969. 43.V. 42.Pessarkli. Srivastava. Marschner. W. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. I & II. (1982): Tropical tree crops. Marcel Dekkar Inc. Journal of Experimental Botany. 38. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. L. 47. Nickell. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. 27.K. Plant Physiology (USA). 36. 46. Pessarkli.G. and Gupta. 37. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Asana. and Zeiger F. Manures and fertilizers.D. P. 29. H. Mehrotra. Upeke. Bhargava S. 28.S. and Agarwal P.K.35. J. K. 39. and Aspinal. McLaren. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden.. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. Everymans Science. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. 45.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress.C. R. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. R.

T. Tomato (Early blight). Pigeon pea (Wilt). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). contact and 10 05 Systemic fungicides. international approach. Chemical methods. Methods of disease diagnosis.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. VA-Mycorrhiza. avoidance of pathogen. Pseudomonas flurescans. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. Trichoderma viride. 2. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Part II Syllabus… . Anthracnose. fungicide resistance in plants. UNIT-II 3. Sc.Bajara (Green ear).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Biological control Agents. Quarantine laws.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. seed. Seed certification. plant treatments of Fungicides. Downy mildew). Citrus (Canker). Potato (Early and late blight). 15 15 M. soil. UNIT-III 4 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. Sunflower (Downy mildew). Wheat (Rust and Bunt).harzianum. symptomology. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). Rice (Blast). isolation and identification of Pathogens. formulation and classification of fungicides. Grapes (Powdery mildew. uptake and mode of action. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). Cotton (Angular leaf spot). pathogens and their management. Soybean (Mosaic). field observation. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. 15 UNIT-IV 5. Glomus. Banana (Blight). Culture methods.

Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases.9 & 10. S. R. Collection and preservation of plant diseases. D. F. 3.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. Any 8) UNIT-I 1.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. R. Sc.S.(1963): Plant Diseases. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology.S.Ltd. and P. UNIT-II 5.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. G. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. Singh. R. Ny Vall. Agrios. Pvt. Mehrotra R.C. REFERENCES BOOKS 1.N. 11 & 12. S. 9.F.T.F.(1980): Plant Pathology 7. 8.B.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases.E. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. 6 & 7. Padoley. Symptomology.K. 8. 6.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition).Practicals (2 Units. 2. 10. 11. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 5. Kenneth M. 2 & 3. 4. Gangopadhyay. M. S. Part II Syllabus… . Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. 4 & 5.

Protoplast fusion and culture. herbicide resistance. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. structures of host gene. Cloning vectors. 9. insertion of gene in vector. Bacterial. expression vectors. cell line isolation. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). transformation. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. Sc.an overview: Mapping. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. resistance against plant viral diseases. hairy root culture (5). 3. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Human genome project. Gene cloning using PCR 8. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. Hairy root culture 6. Shuttle vectors. cloned gene expression (6). 5. selection of the transformed host cells. Practical (2Units. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. constructing chimeric DNA (7). b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. Study of DNA markers using RAPD M. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). Any 8) 1. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). 7. Drosophila. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. 2.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Yeast. Isolation of genomic DNA. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5).43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10).plasmid. operation. b) Genomics. Ti. production of secondary metabolites. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. 12. c) Isolation of the desired gene. somatic embryogenesis. cellular hybridization. maintenance and management (5). b) Transgenics. Part II Syllabus… . 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Cell line culture 4. Somatic embryogenesis 10. Bacteriophages.

19. 2000 Genomes. and Cocking E. J. 18. and Lal S. Gustafson J. Tissue and Organ culture. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. Pvt. P. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Ltd. and Gray D. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. U. 1996. Razdan M. Reinert J. 13. 4. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. Manibhushanrao K. Singapore. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. K. Winkler. 3. 1994 Plants. Genes and Agriculture. P. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. K. Part II Syllabus… . C. Gupta P. 2. Singh B. CRS press LLC. Brown T. and Bajaj Y. Oxford and IBH publishing Co.Special Paper. J. USA. Razdan M. Ltd. 11. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. E. B. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. CRC Press. Chrispeels M. Kumar U. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 15. Ltd. K. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. Pvt. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. 16. 6. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. Pvt. and Bhojwani S. Lal R. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. 1999 Genomes. Trigiano R.IV 1. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. 1979. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Old R. 1993. Thimmaiah S. N. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. D. A. 12. and Sadava D. 20. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. 5. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. Plenum Press London. Vidhyashekaran P. P. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. K. Mitra Sandhya 1996. 1999. Ruger W. 7. 14. and Mahadevan A. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. M. 9. 10. Sc. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. 2000 Plant cell. Chawala H. and Wackernagel W. 21. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. Gustafson J. Ltd. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. W. R. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. and Primrose S. 17. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. S. Razdan M. S. Elsevier Science. S. Springer –Verlag. 8. Rastogi Publications Meerut.

Sean R. Part II Syllabus… . Cambridge University Press. Eddy.22. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 23. F. 26. 25. B. Mount D. Andreas Bazevanis. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 5. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology 7. Anders Krogh. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. F. Journal of Experimental Botany 4. M. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3. Graeme M. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 1. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Sc.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids.. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Journal of Plant Biotechnology 8. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. 24. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. Wennacker Ernst L. Jagota A. Durbin R. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) 6. W. Francis Ouellette and B.

Part II Syllabus… . Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) M. causes and consequences. Carbon and world climates. Vermitechnology. (6) B) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. In India.Role of plants and microbes. Self purification of natural streams. heat. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT .Conservation and management. Oxygen sag analysis.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity.44 PAPER. Sc. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Mining. Vehicular and Industrial gases. (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Nutrients. pesticides. salts. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals : 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: A) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Methodology. Pathogens.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. Nuclear winter. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Waste management. Air pollution monitoring devices. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. Air quality loss. heavy metals.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Recycling of resources.

UNIT 6: 6. et al (1978): Fresh water wetlands.Practicals. De. D. and Black. EIA study-II. W. vol. M. (1994): Tropical Ecosystems. E.M. (1993): Fundamentals of Ecology. 8. (1987): Environmental Conservation. 9. 2. EIA study-I. Borgstrom. K. Sc. Gregory S. II Balkrishnan. Dash. S. R. C. (1988): Recent climatic changes: A regional approach. Suggested readings:• • • • • • • • • Adriano. J. A. Study of garbage. Study of IUCN Red list categories. 10. (1990): Waterfall Ecology. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. Oowen. M. M. Study of wetland macrophytes. Misra K. J. A. Lal. 5. C. B. and Johnson. M. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Study of Biological Indicators. Part II Syllabus… . Good. 3. 4. H. Measurement of vehicular pollution. R. (1994): Environmental Chemistry. and Bie. 7. Measurement of dust fall. (1989): Acidic precipitation. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. UNIT 5: 1.. C.

Malvaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Sahniocarpon. Part II Syllabus… . loss and conservation. Gramineae: Graminocarpon.Semester IV ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper. ethical principles of conservation biology. its importance. Pandanaceae: Viracarpon. Tricoccites. Chitaleypushpam. Land Bridges. Indocarpa. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism. coniferales-amentiferae theory. monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms. assessment. shifting of poles. Rhizopalmoxylon. centre of origin. Sonnertioxylon.IV) B O-4. pteridosperm theory. anthostrobilus theory. geographical history. Cradle of angiosperms. Unit-II 2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of India.Palmae: Palmoxylon. phytogeographic regions of the world. Musaceae: Musa cardiospermum. biodiversity of India. Sahnianthus. Sc. sacred grooves and their importance. Enigmocarpon. means and ways for conservation. caytonian theory. probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory. Harissocarpon. Keystone and flagship species. Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. pentoxylales theory and durian theory. theory of tolerance. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Time of origin of angiosperms. endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra. Red List categories of IUCN. Palmocarpon. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale. Sonnertiorhizos. types and areas of natural distribution. Guttiferae: Myrtaceae: Sahnipushpam. gnetales-angiosperm theory. categories. megacentres of endemism in India. 5 5 M. World organisation for conservation of biodiversity. Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron. stachyospory-phyllospermae theory. theories of differentiation and natural selection.45 BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS Unit-I 1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil 9 angiosperms. Daberocarpon. 5 6 Continental Drift.

ornithophily. ) M. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Sapindaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. (In second term of IV Semester. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. Part II Syllabus… . types of 15 pollination. anemophily. fly. carpenter bee. Loranthaceae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. Eriocaulaceae. Typhaceae. Sapindaceae. pollen. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Co-evolution of angiosperms. moth. Santalaceae. 15 Unit-II • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. Viscaceae. fly. Hydatellaceae. Polygalaceae. Carpenter bee. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Loranthaceae. corolla. sex distribution in plants. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Hydatellaceae. Apiaceae. Viscaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Apiaceae. Santalaceae. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. moth. Polygalaceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Sketching. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. pollination mechanism. butterfly and wasps flowers. insects and fungi. Eriocaulaceae. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. androecium. butterfly and wasps flowers. biology of floral parts-calyx. Typhaceae. style and stigma. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). tour report. Sc. Rhizophoraceae. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. hydrophily. Xyridaceae. Xyridaceae. cheiropterophily. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. Rhizophoraceae. entemophily-bee.

P. Palode. • Rao. • Naik. A. Ltd. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. 1951. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers.A.) Allen Press. M. V. Kollogg. 1987. New Delhi. • Manilal. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. A. M. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. London. H. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. E. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. Cmpbell C. Co. and M. R. Flowering Plants: Origin. U. Muktesh Kumar [ed. • • Richard. Columbia University Press. Part II Syllabus… . N. Nayar. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. 1994.. Botanical Survey of India. D. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Nayar. Nepal and Bhutan. • Synge. J. New Delhi. Plant Breeding Systems. New York. 1984. • Shivanna.. Kerala • Ahmedullah. • Judd Walter S. J. New Delhi. A. and M.Sunderland. 1996. New Delhi . Hickey 1997. k. 1988. S.. Donald. S. • Taylor. • Davis. Dehra-Dun. Hugh (ed. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. • Endress Peter. John Wiley & Sons. M. K. and L. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1993.Publishers. Stevens P. Donoghue 2008. J. and V. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. P. Pvt. 1997. INC. Sc. • Lawrence George H. and M. New Delhi. J.) Chapman and Hall. S. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Sinauer Associates.] 1998.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Heywood 1991. K. New Delhi. P. Plant Systematics. DST. R. Ltd. A. R. and B.) 1980. V. Oxford and IBH Publ. Johri 1985. L. 1981. • Cronquist. Wiley Eastern limited. Evolution and Phylogeny. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India.F. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Cambridge.S. Blakie Academic & Professional. 1994. • Quicke. M. M. Today and Tommorow Publications. Massachusetts. USA. H. (2ed.

DIATOMS: Application and uses. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. difficulties in getting axenic culture. Industrial applications of seaweeds. medicinal products. pulses. gas exchange.46 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI ( SPECIAL PAPER IV ) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. 7 8 M. PART II (SEMESTER IV) MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY BO-4. oil crops. Mariculture of Porphyra . UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. Undaria . potential genetic resources. horticultural crops. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. Chemical preservation.crops.Gracilaria etc.food . Part II Syllabus… . modelling technique). Sc. 5 8 2 5 7 8 UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. timber.Standing crop. . MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. feed. Wild bioresources . Herbarium technique. fire wood. apiculture. aquaculture. live stock. fodder. ornamentals. Use of GPS. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. Storage of specimen. Source of iodine. Sc. Species diversity index. Medicinal uses. Similarity index etc. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. litter fall. cereals. Domestic bioresources .M.Laminaria.

F. Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. (1976). (1987) . S.D. Shivaji University.I. (1985). T. New York. National Bioresource Development Board (Department of Biotechnology) Govt. Asso. Coral Reefs of India.Kolhapur. Kannupandi. Plenum Press. Costal Vegetation.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. Seaweed Research and Utilization Association. Part II Syllabus… . (1972). Stoermer. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. Algae and Man. Applications for Environment and Earth Sciences • Swaminathan M.J. Ramnathan. (Field Guide). V.F. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC.D.G.Daya Publication Home. R. SUGGESTED READINGS:• • • • • Beck.J. • Trainor.L. (1998). The Diatoms. • • Stein. ENVIS Publication Series 2/98. J. M. ( A. Sc. & Jegathanam. and similarity index of mangroves. Mangroves of Maharashtra.N.. Marine Plants. d) Determination of S. Bhosale. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. Editor).. R. Bioresources Status in Selected Costal Location. R. P. Madras. Research foundation (2003). II nd edition Pergamon Press. Jackson. State of Art Report. Venkataramanjan K. & Smol . b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). Cambridge University Press. Untawale. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. • Krishnamurthy. J. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. E. Chapman. & Aspects of Marine Botany. Introductory Phycology. Delhi. • Santhanam. F. of India. Biotechnology of Microalgae. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem.G.V.(2005). e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods.

47: APPLICATION.IV) B O 4. public verses private enterprises. Part II Syllabus… . Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). 9&10. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. 11. Sc. Nif genes. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Symbiotic N2 fixation. microbes in leaching of metals (10). M. b) Global biotech scenario. cooperative programmes (5). 6&7. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. b) Patent systems in India. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. wastewater treatment. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). 4&5. 8. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. Food. Agro biotech fields. 3. Sources of patent information. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. Practical (2 Units. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Intellectual Property protection. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Study of GMOs. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). a case study (5). Collection. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Visit to Biotech firms. Nod genes. Hup genes (5). Any 8) 1&2.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Formulation of patent proposal.

India. K.2001.. Glick. Srivastava. and Pasternak. New Delhi. Lecture notes on patents. L. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.R. Gupta. D. India ltd. S.and Venkataraman.K. Trehan. B. Scientific Publishers.l.G. International Book Distributing Co. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.Microbial biotechnology. 6. New York.Molecular Biotechnology. Agricultural Biotechnology. Elements of Biotechnology. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. P.Molecular Biotechnology.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1996.A. Schlegel. 5. Chavala. Genetic Engineering. 7. General microbiology. A. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Meerut. New Delhi.V. Jodhpur.1994. 2000. 3. 8. ASM Press. 1998.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.. Rastogi Publisher. and Pasternak. 2. 4. and Reddy. 2000.R. G. 1998. H.Biotechnology. S. Rastogi Publisher.K. Purohit.S. Marcel Dekker.1994. New Delhi. S. 5. Washington.1995. Special Paper. J. I.1997.Wiley Eastern Ltd. M. B. ASM Press.and Ahuja. B.III 1.R. A. 2. Glick.IV 1. India.Agrobios. Reddy. Washington. Altman. 3. 6. New Delhi.1997. H.1994.Mcmilan. Marcel Dekker.P. Meerut.principles and practice.Ltd. 2002.. Ravishankar. Agricultural Biotechnology. P. 9. India. New York. 1998. Technology information. Sc.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Technology Bhavan.J. Kakralya. India. Gupta. 4. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Elements of Biotechnology. Technology information.K.J. Cambridge University Press. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. H. Altman. Pvt. J. Part II Syllabus… . Mitra.M.

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus… .

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

M. Part II Syllabus… . Sc.

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Sc. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. 10. application of immunological techniques. Proteins.2 & 3. 6. UNIT-IV 5. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. 2. 4. Cellulolytic. Fungal and Nematode. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. physiological specializations. Deficiency of micronutrients. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Toxins lycomarsmine.Production of Pectolytic. UNIT-II 3. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Bacterial. M. Cellulolytic . Victorin. Photosynthesis. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. Fusaric acids. Part II Syllabus… .Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. gene for gene hypothesis. Immunoglobulines. Pectolytic. UNIT-III 4. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. aflatoxins. 5. antigen and antibody reaction. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. 11 & 12. Piricularin. protein for protein hypothesis.II 7. alternic Acid. Nucleic acids.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. 8 & 9. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Bacteria and Viruses. UNIT. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. Respiration. Amylolytic enzymes. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction.

Sc.(1980) : Plant Pathology. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.(1963): Plant Diseases. R. Mahadevan. Plank.P.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke.K. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. Kuijit. R. A. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field. S.J. Of California Press.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management.S.M.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Part II Syllabus… .London and New York.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. G. Ny vall.N.E.F. Singh. Epidemics and Control.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants. Gangulee. J. M. Plank J. S.S. A. Gangopadhyay S. Rangaswamy G.K.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. II.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). and A. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.E. and R.A. S. and P.A. Uni. R.R.A. Paul Khurana.U. H. Fiber and Oilplants.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. Aneja K.B. Padoley.S.

Part II Syllabus… . Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. (02). Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. (2). M. Any 8) 11. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 13. Generation mean analysis. Introduction. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) (02). Assessment of variability. partial diallele. Heat and cold resistance (10). Practical (2 Units. 19. Genetic diversity (7). Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). Triallele. b) Domestication. Metroglif analysis. seedling growth and on mitosis 12. Genetic erosion. Sc. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). conservation and utilization (2).43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. Designing field experiments 18. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). 15. Estimation of heritability 17. D2 analysis.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. Drought. 16. cataloging. c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. 20. Germplasm collection. Components of variance. b) Mutation breeding (5). Line tester. Quarantine. Selection under domestication. (02) (02). Exploration and collection of germplasm. and Acclimatization of plants (2). Salinity. data storage and retrieval 14.

and Khna S. S. 16. Co. K. Sinha U. . Siddiqui B. Sharma. K. New Delhi. Kalyani Publishers. 18. and Jones E. Burnham C. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. New Delhi 19. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. Singh. A. Kalyani Publishers. and Young J. Swaminathan M. and Nakayama S. Rastogi Publication Meerut. 12. Micke A. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. 20. R. 20. and Sinha S. Ltd. Hays H. B. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Ltd. Principles and practice of plant breeding. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. W.R. FAO/IAEA Symposium 1&2)Vienna 24.C. Karp G. Prasad G. 26. Swanson C. 17. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 22. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. 25. Gamma Field Symposia No. New Delhi. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . Special Paper. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 23.. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. 21. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. Burgess Publishing Co.Principles and methods. Sc.. Plant breeding. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. 15.. Minnesota. L. Allard R. 1998 Cytogenetics. Plant Breeding and Evolution. Gupta P. S. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. J. K. D. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. Immer F. P. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. Khush G. 14. 2000. 1996 Plant chromosomes. Merz T. New Delhi. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. R. 1973 Cytogenetics. Ludhiana.I 11. Gupta P. (Vol M. W. Academic Press New York USA.II 19. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. and Sinha U. 13. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. and Smith D. Fikui K. Harti D. 1999 Cytogenetics.

35. Sharma J. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 15. Cytologia 13. 31. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. Levitt J. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. and Singh B. Vijendra Das L. Kalyani Publishers. K. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 32. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi. 29. 33. Pvt. Salt and Other stresses. and Hamblin J. Journals: 9. Chopra V. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 16. Sc. Singh R. Ltd. R. 34. Journal of Genetics 11. D. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 10. L. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. New York. Part II Syllabus… . Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. R. D. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Fehr W.stress environments Crop Sci. 28. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 12.M. 36. Academic Press. 21: 932-946. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. CRC Press Florida. A. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. Poehlman J. New York. 1989 Plant Breeding . Rosielle A.27. Bulm A. New Delhi. Caryologia 14. 30. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis.

Study of EC and pH of the soil. TSS. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour.Classification of climate climographs. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. soil types of India. ii. currents. Field visits to Industrial area. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. 21. 8. waves.SEMESTER III Special Paper . Land use classification.T. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. Part II Syllabus… . Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. UNIT 6: 17.currents. Law of limiting factors. UNIT 4: 11. 15. 20. Marine Environment. Soils: formation.34 PAPER. Determination of BOD at R. 16. 22. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. composition. 12. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. Fresh water Environment – Wind. Study of wilting coefficient.light. EC. Sc. planning and management. 19. Study of soil profile. UNIT 3: 10. soil profile. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 12. Determination of organic matter from soil. 18. 13.I ENERGY.XI: ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 7. tides. 14. TDS and TS). Water: Resources and Management. winds. pH. SEMESTER III (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. UNIT 2: 9.

Human Population Dynamics and predication.Global and Indian. E) Community as Indicator. Regulation of communities.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Ecotypes. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. community Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) M. Indian Biodiversity (15) (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. Part II Syllabus… . Hot spots. etc.Role of Different factors. Threats to Biodiversity. UNIT 2: 2) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. Conservation of Biodiversity. stratification. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. Genecology-Ecads. Sc. Global biodiversity. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. community stability. Community Periodism.(SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. Biodiversity in India.Ecotone and Edge effect. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism.

Biomass profile for the community. 17. 20. Determination of IVI. Study of community bisects. Study of stratification and physiognomy. 13. 18. 15. Visit to local protected or conserved area. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. Study of the Litter production.Community function – Biomass production measurement. Part II Syllabus… . Determination of similarity index. Determination of association index. Study of population dynamics. UNIT 6: 16. M. 12.UNIT 5: 11. Sc. 14. 19. Study of Vegetation by transect method.

De Candolle. xylem and phloem. G. Bessey. Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson. Gunderson. Jean Bauhin. M. leaf structure. P. seeds. ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students. Jerome Bock. the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein. gynoecium. T. B. Oswald Tippo. 5 Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat. hierarchical classification. family. systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity. Alpha and Omega taxonomy. Alfred Rndle. Takhtajan.SEMESTER III B O-3. order. Thorne. taxonomy as synthetic discipline. Pulle. Otto Brunfels. M. species and infraspecific categories. Hayata. Bentham and Hooker. de Lamarck. 5 7 TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa. the missions of systematic agenda-2000. general and special purpose classifications. androecium.Charles E. Lyman Benson. John Hutchinson. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity. Andrea Cesalpino. seedlings and fruits. ovules. 7 Unit-II 4 A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: The 10 evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace. Adoph Engler. class. R. 3 M. 4 2 THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I) Unit-I 1 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts. Part II Syllabus… . 4 3 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus. major categories: division. Jean B. De Jussieu. i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler. A. minor categories: genus. flower. importance of taxonomy and need for classification. John Ray. nodal anatomy. Joseph Pitton de Turnfort. Forms of scientific names. Hans Hallier. Albert Magnus. 5 RECENT SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATIONS: By Armen L. Karl Mez. inflorescence. Karl Christian MezAugust A. placentation. pollen grains. Authur Cronquist. Dahlgren and Robert F. Carl Skottberg. Sc.

PHYLOGENY IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae. principle of priority. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers. Aristolochiaceae. Autonym. Hydrocharitaceae. ambiguous. Nymphaeaceae. Papaveraceae. Effective and Valid publication. Dilleniaceae. Moraceae. Urticaeae. Lauraceae. Sc. SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION. illegitimate. transfer of taxa. Alismataceae. Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Tautonym. Aponogetonaceae. Divisions. Nomenclatural 7 terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype. Basionym. 15 ECONOMIC INTERELATIONSHIPS. placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. Part II Syllabus… . Sketching. Principles. Najadaceae. syntype. Nelumbonaceae. effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon. Priority. Moraceae. Alismataceae. Alismataceae. • Descriptions. classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae. Nymphaeaceae. neotype. isotype. Casuarinaceae. Aristolochiaceae. lectotype. 15 Aponogetonaceae. deposition of type. Nymphaeaceae. Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules. Synonym. stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Ranunculaceae. paratype. Najadaceae. Lauraceae. Magnoliaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added M. alternative. Piperaceae.8 NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]. Piperaceae. Homonym. Casuarinaceae. Hydrocharitaceae. Scientific names-Correct name. Lauraceae. naked. Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. rejected and superfluous names. Urticaeae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS.

E. New Delhi. 1984. Kollogg. Cmpbell C. 1959. Pvt. Massachusetts. Columbia University Press. L. Today and Tommorow Publications. • Quicke. DST. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Donoghue 2008. 1993.. INC. Stevens P. Donald. Flowering Plants: Origin..whenever necessary. and M. Ltd. Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist. • • • Takhtajan. 1988. 1962.S. and V. M. J. Families of Flowering plants. P. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. V. Part II Syllabus… .. Flowering plants. 1951.] 1998. New York. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Heywood 1991. and L. Co. USA. Hickey 1997. V.Origin and Dispersal. • Cronquist. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Hutchinson. J. S. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. A. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. S. A. and M. New Delhi.) Allen Press. S. Ltd. H. H. Sunderland. K. • Taylor. London. Oxford and IBH Publ. M. New Delhi. Publishers.F.A. J. New Delhi. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates. • Davis. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Evolution and Phylogeny. Blakie Academic & Professional. • Naik. • Manilal. • Lawrence George H. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. N. Sc. J. D. New Delhi . A. 1981. U. A. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Judd Walter S.

ECOLOGY. techniques. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. 7 M. unit characters. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. cluster analysis.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. palynogram. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. Part II Syllabus… . wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. character coding. Basic chromosome number. 7 cladogram. chemical protein analysis procedures.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. serology and taxonomy: history. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. techniques of protein electrophoresis. scope and limitations. karyotype. techniques. classes of compounds and their biological significance. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. L/O pattern. precipitation reaction. adaptations. Sc. discrimination. construction of taxonomic groups. merits and demerits. aneuploidy. exine stratification. measurement of resemblances. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. NPC of pollen. antigen. ecological variations. symmetry. excrescences. Cladastics and classification. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. phenons and ranks. antisera antibody. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. OUTs. parsimony analysis. chromosome banding. applications. application of serological data in systematics. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. chromosome morphology. genetic variations and plant systematics.

Boraginaceae. VARIATIONS. Costaceae. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. SEM and plant surface stucture. Asteraceae. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Dioscoriaceae. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Plantaginaceae. Asteraceae. Sc. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Pontederiaceae. Pontederiaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. Plantaginaceae. Lobeliaceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. vessels. Unit-IV 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL. Cuscutaceae. Sketching. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. Lobeliaceae. M. Boraginaceae. Lentibulariaceae.. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. classification and identification of families: 3 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 Cuscutaceae. Burmanniaceae. Dioscoriaceae. Orchidaceae. Burmanniaceae. Costaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Part II Syllabus… . • • Unit-II Study of chomosomes. Lentibulariaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Gentianaceae.

S. S. Heywood 1991. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. P. Co. New Delhi. 1984. • Manilal. • Cronquist.(Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. J. New Delhi. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. Muktesh Kumar [ed. House. • Naik. New Delhi . J.A. Nat. Periodical Expert Book Agency. Angiosperms. London. Vikas Publ. Pvt. 1981. Tata McGraw Hill. and M. Columbia University Press. P. Sc. Evolution and Phylogeny. A. P. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. P. Blakie Academic & Professional. V. M. and L. • • Fahn. S. and V. Erdtman. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. • Quicke. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications. CBS Publishers & Distributers. 1984. New Delhi. A. New Delhi. N. K. Embryology of Angiosperms. S. G. Plant Anatomy.S. New York. • Taylor. Co. Sc. S. • Davis.) Allen Press. • Erdtman. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. 1993. K. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. B. and Bhatnagar. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. H. M. • Cronquist. Almquist and Wiksell. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. • Johri. G. 1952. • Nair. Angiosperms. • Maheshwari.] 1998. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. DST. 1951. U. H. Ind. D. 1984. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. New Dehli. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Stockholm. 1952. 1966. Donald. K. 1979. • Lawrence George H. V. 1985. Oxford and IBH Publ. L. 1988. Hickey 1997. Hafner Publ. New Delhi. New York. Ltd. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Flowering Plants: Origin. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. M. Acad. Ltd. New Delhi.

Stevens P. Donoghue 2008.A Laboratory Manual.. J. Cmpbell C. E. Tracey. Sc. Sinauer Associates.. V. and M. 1956. 1980. A. S. Vol-I & II. Pollen Biology. Plant Systematics. • Judd Walter S. London.Publishers. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. R.F. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis.. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm.) Butterworths. Part II Syllabus… . Rangaswamy. M.Sunderland. • Shivanna. K. and N. INC. USA. S. 1992. K. Kollogg.• Paech. Massachusetts. Springer-Verlag. and M.

Life histories of a few important species . coccoliths. morphology. nanoplankton. 15 15 UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy. Nekton. Acanthaceae etc. 6 5 4 UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy. Mangrove shores and forests. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3. Morphological and anatomical adaptations. Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves. Distribution.M. Bacillariophyceae. Lagoon and Delta. Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. ACTINOMYCETES. Sc. distribution. CORALS. Sc. Estuary. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’. FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Benthos. 5 5 5 M. salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae). Chlorophyceae. LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. Myrsinaceae. Dune vegetation. Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae. East and West coast mangroves. Part II Syllabus… . anatomical features.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification.dinoflagellates. Marine phytoplankton. UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae . Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. MARINE FUNGI. ultraplankton. ultrastructure. cytology. Brief idea of Plankton.

Padina. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. Gelidium . Sargassum etc. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ M.PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex.Halophila etc. Bryopsis etc. Gracilaria. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex.Caulerpa.Ipomoea etc.). UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus. Hypnea etc. Dictyota.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. Sc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. Part II Syllabus… . Enteromorpha. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. Ulva . b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex.Chaetomorpha.

Ultrastructure of salt glands. Low molecular weight compounds in algae.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Availability in sea water. in mangroves. photosynthetic rate. Significance of vivipary. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. of these compounds. Sc.light absorption. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Induction of CAM. Photosynthetic enzymes. Factors affecting. Accumulation of free amino acids. Leaf succulence. Sc.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups.M. Salt glands in mangroves. PRACTICAL COURSE II 5 5 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. vitamins for growth of algae. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Chemical structure. Uptake. Role of aspartate. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. selective ion absorption. properties and extraction of Agar.Essential elements. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. Photorespiration. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Part II Syllabus… . MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes.46 BO-3. effect of low light condition. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Membrane transport under salinity. MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution.

carotenoids.UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. i) UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves.Lumnitzera etc. Part II Syllabus… . b . d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants.c. phycobilins etc. g) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. M.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. h) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Determination of organic matter content from sediment. chlorophyll a. Sc. f) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. d.

Sc. c) Cell suspension culture. organogenesis. selection (5). meristem culture. operation.SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. cell line isolation (5).37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Sterilization techniques (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) 4&5. Practical (2 Units. Callus desiccation. b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture. Callus culture 6&7. Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture. Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7). its importance and future prospects (5). Unit 4: a) Green house technology. maintenance. b) Somaclonal variation. management (10). synseed (4). conservation.I) B 0 3. equipment and apparatus. embryo rescuing. Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture. agro based industries M. 11. b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2).I Theory (4 Units. sterilization technique. Media preparation 3. laboratory design and development. Any 8) 1&2. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture. procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10). Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses. factors influencing morphogenesis. operation and management (3). b) Cryopreservation. Organogenesis 8&9. d) Hairy root culture (4). c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling. Part II Syllabus… . Callus formation and its culture. Cell suspension culture 10.

gene synthesis machines (10). its modification. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. construction of chimeric DNA. molecular probes. 12. 7&8. chromosome walking and jumping (9). cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. southern northern and western blotting. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. Part II Syllabus… .SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. dot and slot blots. 4. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). Any 8) 1. protoplast technology (5).electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. Sc. 13. application. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. b) Immunology (5).II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. c) Molecular research procedure. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. Unit 3: a) Isolation. Gene amplification. Unit 4: a) Genomics. DNA polymorphism (7). 9&10 11. Techniques of restriction mapping. 5. 2&3. synthesis. basic PCR. Practical (2 Units. 6. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). Theory (4 Units. DNA sequencing. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6).47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING.

Chavala. Rastogi Publisher. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Gupta. 1996. 12.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.Molecular Biotechnology. P.Mcmilan. Mumbai.Special Paper II: 8.and Ahuja. Sc. India. 2000. Washington 10. Glick. ASM Press. S. International Book Distributing Co. 1998.Agrobotanica. Mitra. 14. India ltd.l.R. Kakralya. B.1997. S.N. M. Meerut. Elements of Biotechnology. 13.S.principles and practice.1998. Himalaya Publishing House. Jogdand.J.K. J. Part II Syllabus… . India. Biotechnology in crop improvement. H. I. P. Genetic Engineering. India.Agrobios. B. Joshi.1994. 11. and Pasternak. New Delhi. 9.2001.Gene Biotechnology.

photooxidation of water. Unit -III 13. (09) and modification of CAM. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. phloem loading and unloading. carbon assimilation. reduction and assimilation. glyoxylate cycle. Nitrogenase. Anaerobic respiration.the Calvin cycle. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. 10. Rubisco. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. Sub classification of C4 plants. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. cytokinin.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. 12. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. modern concept of electron lipids. Sc. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport.1. regulation of nitrogen fixation. passive and active solute transport. The flowering process: M. mechanism of electron and proton transport. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. (09) (06) 14. significance of photorespiration. Part II Syllabus… . transamination. transport. Sulphate uptake. Inhibitor of respiration. ethylene and ABA.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 9. “nif” genes. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 11. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. gibberellin. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. membrane transport of proteins.

role of vernalization. (09) 16.g. 18) Study of nitrate reductase in plants.proteins. receptors and G. Part II Syllabus… . salinity. endogenous clock and its regulation. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit.Photoperiodism and its significance. phospholipids signaling. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. 14) Study of enzyme lipase. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 10) Study of enzyme ATPase 11) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. floral induction and development. freezing and heat stress. 17) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. with paper chromatography. e. metal ion stress. (06) Unit –IV 15. role of cyclic nucleotides. 19) Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination. Sc. specific signaling mechanisms. 13) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. 16) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade.genetic and molecular analysis. 12) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. Unit –II 15) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. protein kinases and phosphatases. M.

E. 5. 14. M. 9. J. G. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. and Conn. Bonner. G. Beevers. Pessarkli M. and Ross. Wilkins.V. Marschner. F.M. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. and ghosh A. W. Stump. J. (1971): The biology of Flowering. Mukharjee S. IX and XII. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives.R. E.P.I. 16. Gregory. (1996) Plant Physiology. H. 17. 11. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. and Zeiger F. 6. Sc. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. II nd Edition. Salisbury. and Varner. Levitt. 8. F. III.(1990): Plant Physiology.N. 12. 15. J. 2. 4. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants.B. Taiz L. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. 3. IV.A. 7. A Treatise Vol. (2004): Plant Physiology. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.E. Epstein. II. Krishnamurthy.N. Noggle. Salisburry. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. F. G. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis.B. and Fritz. H. Devlin. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. II and III. 10. Comprehensive M. Miller.Reference Books1. Part II Syllabus… .B. (1969. R. 13.

consequences and significances of (04) molecular aspects of SAM. Pollen wall proteins. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. embryo culture and their significance. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 6. Part II Syllabus… . Causes. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. generative cell. apomixis. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. 14. (04) (06) Unit –II 12. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. endosperms. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. Chemotropism. pollen wall. pollen tube. 10. ovary. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. 13. Sc. antipodal.Determination. nucellus. Eggs.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. central wall. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. (04) 9.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. Polyembryony: Classification.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 8. causes. Stigma surface proteins. (04) M. (05) 11. experimental induction and partial importance. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 5. Post fertilization events.

9. Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.S. 10. unifloral multifloral honey. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. pollen and spore allergy. Citrus) Anatomy: 8. properties of pollen. Lateral roots . Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. pollen calendar and importance. 8. 9. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. (02) (02) (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. Sc. and oil exploration. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots Agropalynology: Pollen viability. pollen germination. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material.S. Tabacco. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . (Mango. Application:Utility in systematics. Vesscular tissue differentiation . Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs.foraging behaviour of bees . M. pollen storage and their significance. 7. microfossil groups Aeropalynology: Principles. root. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial.microbes interaction.to Paleopalynology : Principles. application in crop productivity. techniques. root hairs. 8. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. Part II Syllabus… . 11.7. pollen analysis. and L. 10. (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 6.

1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland.12. Easau. R G and F. 40:2157 Emmes. Bot. stomata. and M C Danials. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. Examine of L.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. aerial roots of banyan . M A.1965: Physiological plant anatomy Masueth.L. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. P. Palynology: 1 2 3 4 5 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . trichomes. G. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. B M.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. Fahn. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons M. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. Study of allergic plants and their pollen. 14. structure Anatomy: Barnova. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc.Res. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. K. R. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. C R and L Chalk. E J. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. types of stomata . Jussieua etc. Sc. P.53:53-79.Rev. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. 13. Part II Syllabus… . J D.S. Biochemistry management Shivanna. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains.) origin of lateral roots . 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. Bot. Cutter. A. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. Pistia. Stanley. K.

Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. S T. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . Fageri. G.Solender. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. H. Palynology Cunningham. A Laboratory manual. Y. Bhattacharya.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Part II Syllabus… . structure and function. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. Heslop-Harrison. Pandey and Chadha. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Sc. Nair. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. K and J Inversen. P H. Nair. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. Gregory. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. Erdtman. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. . P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Tilak. K.

heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. Drought hardening. (05) 16. Thermal stresses .31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Transgenic approach. zinc). Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. Water stress .Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Transgenic approaches. Ionic stress . Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Phytoremediation.Effect of ion toxicity (iron.60 Unit –I 10. Unit –II 12.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. Radiation stress . Role of HSP. Oxidative stress .Generation of reactive oxygen species. Antitranspirants. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Mechanism of stomatal action. (09) (07) 13. Unit –III 14. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Causes of soil Salinization.4. (08) 11. (05) (06) . Mechanism of UV tolerance. Effect of UV radiations on plants. Photoprotection mechanisms. Salt stress . Flooding stress . Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. Cold hardening.Nature of waterlogging stress. Wetland and non wetland species.Definition of saline soil. Transgenic approaches. Effect of ROS on metabolism.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. (05) 15.

12) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. Practicals:Unit –I 9) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 10) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. 13) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. of disease resistance. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. Unit –II 14) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. Allelopathy. (06) (09) 18.Unit –IV 17. Gaseous stress . Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. Biochemical mechanism . 11) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes.

lime and gypsum as soil additives. Factors influencing mineral uptake.Photoperiodism and vernalization.Semester-IV B O – 4. (06) (09) 8) Reproductive physiology:. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. CO2 as a fertilizer. Foliar applications of mineral elements. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. sex determination and fruit development. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Biofertilizers.Physicochemical properties of soil. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Biotonics. Factors controlling crop productivity. Unit –II 7) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. (06) 6) Nutriophysiology . water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Role of PGRs in flowering. Ethylene physiology.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 5) Crop growth and its regulation. Harvest index. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) and post harvest (09) . Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. Physicochemical properties of soil.

P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. J. . U. Levitt. Cherry. N. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. 54. Gupta. 58. Practicals:Unit –I 1. 15) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. Invading weeds. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. D. H. A. 50. Gupta. 53. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. Kozlowski. S. Fageria. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. Fitter. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. 55. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). 57.T. 16) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. LAI.(1972): Crop Physiology. S. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. 52.C. M.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. J. (1969. 56. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:49. (1972): Crop Physiology. K. K. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. 51.) 3. NAR.M. and Orcutt. R. 59. T. Hale. etc. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. weedicides and their mode of actions. M.4) Determination of N. U. L. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. S. Evans. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. LAR. and Hay. T.

K. Sinha S. 72.N. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1980): Plant Pathology.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. and Gupta. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). N. (1982): Tropical tree crops. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 69. Y. L.60. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. 65.K. . S. L. 63. 64. Mansfield. Everymans Science. L.V. Pojakoff Mayber A. D. J. H. N. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. 67. I & II. 62. L.C. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Manures and fertilizers. R.J. Yawalkar and Agarwal.. Asana. 26. P.. Srivastava. Paleg. and Gale. 25. R. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. and Agarwal P. M. and Cramer. C. Journal of Experimental Botany. Turner. McLaren. Taiz L.S. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Nickell. S. 71.G. W. 27. Upeke. Bhargava S. M. Rice. and Aspinal. C.S. 66. and Zeiger F.A. E. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. Pessarkli. K. and Sarin M. Mehrotra. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants.G. (1975): Plants in saline environment. 29.D. Plant Physiology (USA).Pessarkli.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. 61. NY. Sharma. 70. J. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. Environmental pollution. 28. Marschner. Marcel Dekkar Inc.K. 68. I. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. Sane P.

2.I 1. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. Pleurotus spp. UNIT. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography.Semester. UNIT-II . 7.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. 6. cost benefit analysis. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. Any 8) UNIT-I 5. UNIT-II 4. Commercial fungal strain : selection. 7.development and their maintenance.. 5 & 6. Production of Ergot alkaloids. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. 6. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. diseases and their control. Edible fungi.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. 15 Practicals (2 Units. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. 05 3. 8.improvement.III 5. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8.

24. 18.(1935):Industrial Mycology.White.F.H.F. J.7 & 8. J. 32.J.A. Onions.C. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism..Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. Dodge. and Barry.E. 22.T. Smith. 25. Prescott. 9 & 10. .H.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. W.and Gaze. A.M.C. 11 & 12.O.D.S.P.I Industrial Mycology Vol.D. 28. Allsopp and H. 30. J. G.II and III. 29.(1959): Industrial Microbiology.S.R. 21. R.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture.D. D. S. 21. 31. Rose. Whipps. Barger. 22. (1975): Mould. Gray.W.R.T. Perlite and manure spawn. 26. A. Preparation of spawn: Grain.L. Chang.G. L. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. C. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. 23. and Fletcher. 27. 23. Christensen. Lodder.:The filamentous fungi Vol. and R.Jr. W.D.D.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. .(1961): Industrial Microbiology. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. Cultivation of mushroom. and Hays. REFERNCE BOOKS: 17. Aneja K. 20.(1970): The Yeast. A. 17.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. 19. R.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control.M.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth.H. Fletcher.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. Casida. and Dunn. Singer. Rhodes.W. (1964): Industrial Microbiology.

Seed certification. Potato (Early and late blight). Glomus. Quarantine laws. UNIT-II 3. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. formulation and classification of fungicides. Sunflower (Downy mildew). Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). seed.Bajara (Green ear).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 3. Chemical methods. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). Soybean (Mosaic). avoidance of pathogen. Methods of disease diagnosis. Tomato (Early blight). breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. Downy mildew). 4. T. Banana (Blight). soil. uptake and mode of action. 15 UNIT-IV 5.harzianum. Culture methods. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust).Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. plant treatments of Fungicides. VA-Mycorrhiza. Biological control Agents. Rice (Blast). fungicide resistance in plants. Wheat (Rust and Bunt). Citrus (Canker). Anthracnose. 15 15 10 05 . isolation and identification of Pathogens. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). UNIT-III 5 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Pseudomonas flurescans. Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. field observation. pathogens and their management. Pigeon pea (Wilt). Grapes (Powdery mildew. contact and Systemic fungicides.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. international approach. Cotton (Angular leaf spot). Trichoderma viride. symptomology.

Any 8) UNIT-I 2. R. 22. R.E. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. 4 & 5.(1963): Plant Diseases. S.T. 17. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. S. 13. 21. Singh. R.Practicals (2 Units. 6 & 7.9 & 10. Gangopadhyay. UNIT-II 5. Agrios. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media.C. Mehrotra R. 16. and P. . 19. 20.Ltd. 8. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.F. G.B. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases. 15. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. 14. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. D.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Pvt. 2 & 3.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology.F. Symptomology.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology.N.(1980): Plant Pathology 18. Ny Vall. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. S. 11 & 12. F. REFERENCES BOOKS 12. Collection and preservation of plant diseases. Kenneth M.S.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. Padoley.K.S.

9. culturing and growing E.an overview (Mutants. 7. T4 genetic map. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). coli and Agrobacterium.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Transformation. Isolation. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. conjugation and Transduction. 10.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). translational. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). Practical (2 Units. amplification using vectors. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). Study of southern blotting (02). construction of genomic libraries. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. production of recombinant DNA molecules. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Media preparation for microbial cultures. Any 8) 1. 3. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). fine structure and deletion mapping). b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. . Genes from plastids and nuclei. using phagemid vectors. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. coli.12. Study of transformation (02). Study of bacterial transduction (02). b) Molecular analysis of DNA. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. 5. Post transcriptional. 2. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). genetic recombination in phage. Genetic exchange in bacteria. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E.III) B O 4. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15).

2. Protoplast fusion and culture. Cloning vectors. Gene cloning using PCR 8. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. hairy root culture (5). terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). herbicide resistance. maintenance and management (5). c) Isolation of the desired gene. operation. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. production of secondary metabolites. Shuttle vectors. cell line isolation. structures of host gene. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. Isolation of genomic DNA. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. cloned gene expression (6). Drosophila. somatic embryogenesis. Any 8) 1. Ti. transformation. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. Human genome project. 9. Hairy root culture 6. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. resistance against plant viral diseases. b) Transgenics.an overview: Mapping. 3. Cell line culture 4. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). cellular hybridization. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. 7. Study of DNA markers using RAPD .plasmid. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). 12. Practical (2Units. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. b) Genomics. insertion of gene in vector. Somatic embryogenesis 10. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). 5. expression vectors. Bacterial. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. constructing chimeric DNA (7). c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. selection of the transformed host cells. Yeast. Bacteriophages.

1990 Fundamentals of Genetics.III 13. C. Annual review of Microbiology 9. 2000 Genes IV. 6th Edition W. Cytologia 11. 21. M. 23. Lewontin R. D. 24. Stickeberger M. New Delhi. H. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut.. B. H. . Lewin. 20. M. Oxford University Press. F. W. Miller J. Viva Books Pvt. 1998 Genomes. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 15. New York. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. New Delhi. 1999 Genetics Principles. Alberts B. 22. K. 16. K. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Singh B. Ltd. Freeman New York. J. Jain H. R. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. L. Gupta P.. Journal of Experimental Botany 14. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. Klug W. Ltd. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Caryologia 12. Merrill Publishing Company London. 15. T. and W. V. Wolfe S. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 10. Twyman R. S. and Cummings M. Latchman D. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) . 19. California USA. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 13. VI. 14. Pvt. 17. Charles E. New York. A. Brown T. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Unwin Hyman Publication London. Griffith A. New Delhi. 18.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Suzuki D. Journals: 8. Concepts and Implications. Wadwith Publishing Co. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. S.

45. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. and Bajaj Y. CRC Press. 32. P. Gupta P. Trigiano R. Lal R. 43. 36. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. 28. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. Kumar U. S. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. Springer –Verlag. Old R. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. and Lal S. 46. 30. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. R. 1999 Genomes. and Mahadevan A. Gustafson J. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Razdan M. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. K. 35. CRS press LLC. Mitra Sandhya 1996. and Cocking E. Elsevier Science. Chawala H. 40. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 33. Chrispeels M. P. and Wackernagel W. K. 41. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. 1994 Plants. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. Ltd. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. 1996. 47. Brown T. Ruger W. Singh B. Razdan M. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Ltd. Thimmaiah S.Special Paper. and Bhojwani S. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. 31. Pvt. Ltd. 2000 Genomes. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Winkler. 29. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. P. and Sadava D. 37. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. 1999. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. Gustafson J. 34. 42. USA. and Primrose S. E. Singapore. and Gray D. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. W. K. K. 39.IV 27. N. . 2000 Plant cell. D. S. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. Razdan M. 38. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Vidhyashekaran P. C. U. J. J. 1993. A. 44. B. Plenum Press London. Pvt. Genes and Agriculture. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. Ltd. Manibhushanrao K. 1979. Tissue and Organ culture. Reinert J. S. Pvt.

. 16. 11. 12. Durbin R. F. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 9. 50. Mount D. . Graeme M. B.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 49. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Wennacker Ernst L. Jagota A. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Journal of Experimental Botany Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology Journal of Plant Biotechnology International Journal of Food Science and Technology. Andreas Bazevanis. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. 13. 14. 15. Cambridge University Press. Eddy. Sean R.48. Anders Krogh. Francis Ouellette and B. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10. W. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. 51. F. 52.

8. seed (5) germination. Hydrogen fuel.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Biomass production by the species. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. leaf area index 11. Transects. (3) 9. Energy from wastes. 12. Bisects. UNIT 4: 11.Conceptual model. (5) distribution. Working model.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. Ecosystem modeling. species environment (microclimate). techniques of producing biomass energy plants. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. Biological methods. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. geographic (LAI). Conservation of energy (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) . other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). (8) 10.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 7. physical anatomy. Methods of primary productivity measurements. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. (7) UNIT 2: 10. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Global primary productivity patterns. 10. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology.

UNIT 6: 15. Study of rooting of the cuttings. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. Use of ecological model in the field study. 11. 16. Setting up an ecological model. 14. aquatic . 18. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. 17. 11. 10. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. 13. Determination of calorific value of wood.Practicals. Study of population growth curve. 12. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 10. Ecological data collection for computer use. Study of Leaf Area Index. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity.

salts. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone.Conservation and management. Nutrients. Air quality loss. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) . Carbon and world climates.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Self purification of natural streams. pesticides. In India. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . (6) D) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. Methodology.Role of plants and microbes. UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. heavy metals. Vermitechnology. Oxygen sag analysis. Air pollution monitoring devices.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Waste management. Pathogens. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. Nuclear winter. Recycling of resources. heat. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: C) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Mining. causes and consequences.44 PAPER. Vehicular and Industrial gases.

Study of wetland macrophytes. 15. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. EIA study-I. UNIT 6: . Study of IUCN Red list categories. Study of Biological Indicators. 18. 13. Measurement of dust fall. 19. 20. 17. Study of garbage. Measurement of vehicular pollution. 14. EIA study-II. UNIT 5: 11. 16.Practicals. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. 12.

Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. Prain. Haines.Nominalistic. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. ecospecies. outstanding botanical libraries. biographical references. scope and limitations. J. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. 5 . William Griffith. Wallich. bibliographies. its role in research and teaching. cenospecies. periodicals. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. D. computerized keys. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. Parkinson. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. Brandis. dates of publication. monographs and revisions. world floras and manuals. T. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Buchnan. Robert kid. analysis and data presentation. John Burman. 5 camparium. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. glossaries. dictionaries and addresses. C. Biological and alternative species concepts. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. steps in biosystematic study. tabular and lateral keys. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). methodology. catalogues. review serials. location of type specimens. concept of genus and family. Fyson. Gamble. dictionaries. Van Rheede. Duthie. training and conservation of plants.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. methods in biosystematic studies. acosta. Thomas Thomson. cultivated and economic plants. their merits and demerits. maps and cartography. John Koenig. color charts. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. N.Semester IV B O-4. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. concept of species. Roxbugh. Santapau. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Typological. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. Robert Wight. Cooke. concepts of species.

8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation- quantum, Mayrean, catastrophic, local ecological, geographic, phyletic; speciation and evolution of species. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC

5

POSITION, 15

INTERELATIONSHIPS, PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae, Lemnaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Bigoniaceae,

Passifloraceae, Caricaeae, Salicaeae, Arecaeae, Pandanaceae, Araceae,

• • •

Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Caricaeae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Arecaeae, Bigoniaceae, Pandanaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae,

Araceae, Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Selected Readings • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi.

Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London.

Taylor, D. V. and

L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • Shivanna, k. R. and B. M. Johri 1985. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Wiley Eastern limited, New Delhi. • Endress Peter, K. 1994. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Cambridge. • • Richard, A. J. 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. (2ed.) Chapman and Hall. Rao, R. R. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra-Dun. • Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC,Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Semester IV B O-4.45 ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS (Special Paper- IV)

Unit-I

1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil angiosperms; Time of origin of angiosperms; Cradle of angiosperms; probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory, coniferales-amentiferae theory, gnetales-angiosperm theory, anthostrobilus theory, caytonian theory, stachyospory-phyllospermae theory, pteridosperm theory, pentoxylales theory and durian theory; monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms.

9

Unit-II

2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of IndiaPalmae: Musa Palmoxylon, cardiospermum; Sonnertioxylon, Guttiferae: Sahniocarpon, Indocarpa, Rhizopalmoxylon, Gramineae: Sonnertiorhizos, Myrtaceae: Harissocarpon, Palmocarpon; Graminocarpon; Sahnianthus, Sahnipushpam; Daberocarpon,

6

Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron, Tricoccites; Pandanaceae: Viracarpon; Musaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Enigmocarpon; Malvaceae:

Chitaleypushpam. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale, geographical history, 5

Continental Drift, Land Bridges, shifting of poles, theories of differentiation and natural selection, types and areas of natural distribution, centre of origin, theory of tolerance, phytogeographic regions of the world, Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity, its importance, assessment, loss and conservation, ethical principles of conservation biology, World organisation for conservation of biodiversity, Red List categories of IUCN, means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism, categories, biodiversity of India, megacentres of endemism in India; Keystone and flagship species, endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra, sacred grooves and their importance. 5 5

entemophily-bee. ornithophily. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. types of 15 pollination. Rhizophoraceae. Sapindaceae. (In second term of IV Semester. fly. Santalaceae.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. Loranthaceae. style and stigma. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. Hydatellaceae. tour report. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. butterfly and wasps flowers. Viscaceae. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. Typhaceae. cheiropterophily. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. anemophily. moth. sex distribution in plants. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Apiaceae. insects and fungi. ) . Apiaceae. pollination mechanism. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). SYSTEMATIC POSITION. moth. butterfly and wasps flowers. Hydatellaceae. Xyridaceae. Polygalaceae. Loranthaceae. corolla. Eriocaulaceae. Viscaceae. Xyridaceae. carpenter bee. Typhaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. Polygalaceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Co-evolution of angiosperms. Rhizophoraceae. hydrophily. Sketching. Santalaceae. Carpenter bee. pollen. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Unit-II Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. biology of floral parts-calyx. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. fly. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. androecium. 15 Eriocaulaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Sapindaceae.

Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. INC. Oxford and IBH Publ. J. Massachusetts. Nayar. P. V. A. k. 1997. DST. • Synge. Evolution and Phylogeny. and B. Johri 1985. CBS Publishers & Distributers. 1981. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. London. Botanical Survey of India. J. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1988.Sunderland. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. New Delhi. 1994.) Chapman and Hall. Hickey 1997. New Delhi. D. . Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. (2ed. V. 1993. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. • Judd Walter S. 1996. and M. • Quicke. John Wiley & Sons.Publishers. Ltd. Pvt. Wiley Eastern limited. Cambridge.. E. U. P. Heywood 1991. P. M. Dehra-Dun. J. Donald. • Naik. New Delhi . S. and M. Columbia University Press. Kollogg. • • Richard. R. R. • Endress Peter. M. and L. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Plant Breeding Systems. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. Kerala • Ahmedullah. K. Muktesh Kumar [ed. • Cronquist. S. 1984. Plant Systematics.. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Flowering Plants: Origin. Nayar. Nepal and Bhutan. J.) 1980. M. S. Donoghue 2008. Sinauer Associates. • Davis. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications. H. New Delhi. N. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New Delhi. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). A. Co. New Delhi. R. and V. New York. • Lawrence George H. • Manilal. K. A.A. A. M. and M. Cmpbell C.] 1998. • Taylor. Blakie Academic & Professional.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. H.) Allen Press. Palode. • Rao.S. Ltd. Stevens P.. • Shivanna. 1987. 1994. USA. Hugh (ed. 1951.F. L.

wind. O2. Sc. Natural and anthropogenic stress . Toxic metal pollution. UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. factors affecting. Oceans.floral and faunal components.M. sewage. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. CO2. Ecological significance. Concept of Marine Park. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. reef algae. Sea as an environment. nutrients) Physical ( light. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. Human impact.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . Oil.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. Threats and conservation measures. diversity. temperature. ocean floor)factors. Biomagnification. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . Calcification. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Abiotic factors . Role of phytoplankton.Chemical (salinity. distribution. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. physiological. sources and impact. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. distribution and types. Estuaries. waves. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. morphological adaptations in mangroves. Anatomical. Biotic factors . PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. Detritus based food chain. Types of Coasts. 5 10 9 10 5 5 10 . tidal action. CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. pesticide. PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view.

salinity. sclerides in mangroves . e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. trichomes. c) Study of salts glands. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. and chlorinity of seawater . e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. pH.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species.

potential genetic resources. .crops.Laminaria. Storage of specimen. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. pulses. Wild bioresources . Species diversity index. difficulties in getting axenic culture. UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. Use of GPS. Medicinal uses. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods.Gracilaria etc. Source of iodine.32 MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI (SPECIAL PAPER IV) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. oil crops. Chemical preservation.M. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. live stock. Similarity index etc. fire wood. gas exchange. medicinal products. Sc. crops. apiculture. horticultural 7 5 8 2 5 7 8 . feed. timber. DIATOMS: Application and uses. Herbarium technique. ornamentals. modelling technique). MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. Undaria . fodder. cereals. Industrial applications of seaweeds.food .Standing crop. aquaculture. 8 Domestic bioresources . litter fall. Mariculture of Porphyra .

and similarity index of mangroves. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .I. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem.D. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. d) Determination of S.

6. 2&3. Pinus etc. Gene banks (5). and other related improvements in forest species Eg.III) B O 4. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. 11. 10. Any 8) 1.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. orchids. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. Bioreactor. (8). cell suspension. cell cultures. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. . Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. edible antibodies (6).Secondary metabolites from callus.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Study of transgenic plants. biotransformation. Somatic embryogenesis. edible vaccines. Applications in public sector (2). reporter genes (4). b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Preparation of biofertilizers. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Theory (4 Units. Tectona. Factors affecting product yield. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. selectable markers. 7. Ficus etc. Cell suspension culture. Anther. Hairy root culture. Practical (2 Units. 5.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). Study of synseeds. c) Molecular farming. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). embryo culture. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). (5). 4. 8&9.

b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Nif genes. public verses private enterprises. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. microbes in leaching of metals (10). Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. Nod genes. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. . IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5).47: APPLICATION. 3. Any 8) 1&2. cooperative programmes (5). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4).IV) B O 4. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. 8. 11. Symbiotic N2 fixation. 4&5. a case study (5). Visit to Biotech firms. b) Global biotech scenario. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). Study of GMOs. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Sources of patent information. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Formulation of patent proposal. Hup genes (5). Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. 6&7. Food. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. b) Patent systems in India. 9&10. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. Practical (2 Units. Agro biotech fields. Collection. wastewater treatment. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5).SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Intellectual Property protection. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control.

Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. A.Suggested readings: Special Paper.Microbial biotechnology. Gupta. Agricultural Biotechnology. Altman. ASM Press.1994. India.Molecular Biotechnology. New Delhi. Technology information. S. Gupta. Reddy. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).2001. Meerut.K.M. Lecture notes on patents. Scientific Publishers.R. Rastogi Publisher. Rastogi Publisher.and Venkataraman.l. S.R. Elements of Biotechnology. D. 6. 7. Schlegel. 4.Ltd.K. 1996.1997. Glick. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. H. 2000. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. B. New Delhi. L. New Delhi. 3. India. H. Mitra.Molecular Biotechnology.S. I. Cambridge University Press.principles and practice. Altman. Marcel Dekker. P.V. Marcel Dekker. Purohit. Biotechnology in crop improvement. A. 8. 1998. Srivastava.IV 1.K. New York. Kakralya..1995. India ltd. Washington. 2002. 2000. 2. India. S.Biotechnology. 4.Mcmilan..J. K. 5. Chavala. J. Glick.P. and Pasternak. Elements of Biotechnology. Ravishankar. J. Jodhpur.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. 9. Technology Bhavan. New Delhi.and Ahuja.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Genetic Engineering.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.R. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Meerut. 1998. India. B. and Pasternak.Agrobios. International Book Distributing Co. 5.1994. New York.J. ASM Press. 6. 3. Special Paper. H. G.1994. and Reddy.1997. Technology information. 2.Wiley Eastern Ltd. Trehan. 1998.III 1. B. Washington.G. .A. P.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.. Agricultural Biotechnology. General microbiology. Pvt.

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