SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY Syllabus for the Semester System Examination ( Academic Flexibility, Credit System) w.e.f. January 2008 for M.Sc. Part - I ( Semester I & II ) No. ( Semester III & IV ) No. from January 2009. and for M.Sc. II

M.Sc. BOTANY REVISED SYLLABUS (Academic Flexibility) (Credit System)
1. The entire course of M. Sc. (Botany) will be of four semesters spread over within two years. 2. There shall be four theory papers and four practicals (each based on one theory paper) in every semester. Each semester course shall comprise of four units per theory paper per week. One practical of two units per paper per week. 3. Every theory paper shall be having four units and every practical shall be having two units. 4. There shall be one elective paper and corresponding practical among the four papers per semester and the students from other departments can opt for this particular elective paper. The decision regarding admission of such other departmental students will be made by departmental committee of Botany Department. 5. Each unit in theory paper shall comprise of 15 lectures of 60 minutes duration and there shall be four lectures per paper per week. There shall be four practicals (each with not less than three hour duration) per week. Library (Reference) work/ Excursion/ Field Work/Seminar –Group Discussion/Project Work shall also be conducted in every week. 6. Among the four Theory papers there shall be one elective paper per semester. 7. There shall be at least two short tours per year for all students. For M.Sc. I students there shall be one long tour (in a year) out of the state to Botanical Regions, Research Institutes / Centers. All excursion tours, short and long, are obligatory to each student. Candidates shall require to produce, the following at the time of practical examination (at the end of each semester). :i) A laboratory journal of practicals and field record book duly signed by the concerned teacher from time to time. A set of micro preparations (semi / permanent) of plant materials illustrating the subject matter of the relevant paper.

ii)

At least 10-15 Herbarium specimens and preserved specimens (preferably of weeds) collected by the Candidate during the field work or excursion tour.

8. Various subject specializations intradepartment-elective are available at M. Sc. II ( Sem. III and IV). The Department offers one of the following specializations to each student on the basis of his/ her merit and willingness and availability of seats. (Subject distribution centralized). • • • • • • • • Plant Physiology Mycology and Plant Pathology Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding Energy, Ecology and Environment Angiosperm Taxonomy Marine Botany Plant Biotechnology Palaeobotany (Presently Suspended).

9. The entire course of M. Sc. in Botany will be of 2500 marks. So every semester will be of 600 marks; 400 marks for theory papers (4) and 200 marks for practicals (4), along with 50 marks for project work in semester III and semester IV. 10. Each theory paper will be of 100 marks (80 marks theory paper + 20 marks internal). Each semester (usually at the mid of the semester) there will be an internal test of 20 marks (20 multiple choice questions) and theory examination of 80 marks per paper (of 2.5 h duration) at the end of semester. 11. Each practical performance will be of 50 marks (20 marks internal + 30 marks external). There will be a separate practical examination for every paper carrying 30 marks. (Four separate Practicals). Each practical examination will be of 3 h duration. 12. A Project / Assignment will be given to every student during III and IV semesters, and each student will be examined for his / her project for 50 marks every semester. (50 × 2 = 100 marks for project, submission and oral presentation). 13. In each theory question paper (carrying 80 marks) seven questions will be put, out of which the candidate shall have to attempt five questions (carrying 16 marks each). The weightage to different types of questions is as follows :i) Descriptive or essay type questions 50 – 60 % ii) Short answer type questions (20- 30 %) The last (7 ) question of short answer type questions will be compulsory (based on entire syllabus).
th

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M.Sc. Part I (Semester - I) Theory Papers : B O 1.1 B O 1.2 B O 1.3 Elective I B O 1.4 Practicals: B O P 1.1 B O P 1.2 B O P 1.3 B O P 1.4 : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany M.Sc. Part I (Semister - II) Theory Papers: B O 2.1 B O 2.2 B O 2.3 Elective II B O 2.4 Practicals: B O P 2.1 B O P 2.2 B O P 2.3 B O P 2.4 : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation M.Sc. Part II (Semister - III): B O 3.1 Elective III B O 3.2 Special paper I B O 3.31 B O 3.32 B O 3.33 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

33 B O 4.5 : Project work/Assignment work M.32 B O 4.35 B O 3.37 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy. Development and Reproduction : Plant Physiology and Metabolism M.43 B O 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.36 B O 4.34 B O 3. Part II (Semister .46 B O 3. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering B O P Special paper I B O P Special paper II Project Work: B O 3.B O 3.31 B O 4.IV) : Theory Papers: B O 4.45 B O 3.1 B O P 3.37 Special paper II B O 3.Sc.47 Practicals : B O P 3. Part II Syllabus… .2 : Energy.41 B O 3. Sc.2 Special paper III B O 4.1 Elective IV B O 4.44 B O 3.35 B O 4.36 B O 3.34 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Structure.42 B O 3.

43 B O 4.2 BOP BOP Project Work: B O 4.45 B O 4. Part II Syllabus… .41 B O 4.42 B O 4.47 Practicals: B O P 4. Development and Reproduction : Special paper III : Special paper IV : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.Special Paper IV B O 4.1 B O P 4. Sc.44 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology M.46 B O 4.5 : Project work/Assignment work : Plant Physiology and Metabolism : Plant Structure.

Unit: III 7. algae.Ultrafiltration Isoeletricfocussing. Part II Syllabus… . experimental report. NMR. 6. . Ion-selective electrodes. Browsers. Spectroscopic Techniques : Basic principles Nature of electromagnetic radiation. biomolecular structure. thermobath. The Variance. constituents. Biological Data Bases. inoculation. Equipments – Laminar air flow. Cryopreservation 8 3 4 M. Electrochemical Techniques : Principles. hot air oven. Standard units of expression. fungi. Useful sites Unit: II 5. shaker. Biostatistics : Measures of Dispersion and Variability. Use nets. UV-VIS. importance. E3 4 4 4 mail. pH-electrode. low and high speed centrifuges ultracentrifuge. safety and care. Palaeobotanical Techniques : Peel technique Palaeopalynological studies. 9. Computers in Biology : Modern computers. types (bacteria. Search Engine. 4. Liquid Scintillation Counting. centrifuge Electricautoclaves 11. Laboratory note book. 8. Measurement of radioactivity – Geiger-Muller. oxygen electrode. Sc. Collection and Preservation of plant material.1 Pre-requisite Course Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. BeerLambert’s law. Applications in genomics. Biochemistry Laboratory : Laboratory. 2. medical science etc. Tracer Techniques : Isotopes is biochemistry / biology units of radioactivity. Biosensors. discipline. Culture Technique : Principles. Applications of radioisotopes. X-ray Diffraction : Brief idea with principle Unit: IV 10. The Coefficient of variation 3. Density gradient separation Column chromatography. MASS Spectrometry. Ion exchange and Affinity chromatography Gel electrophoresis.B O 1. stirrer. Bioinformatics: Definition. Fluorescence and Absorption spectrophotometry – Instrumentation and applications. Separation Techniques: Basic principles of centrifugation. Modem. 8 7 8 5 2 sterilization. plant) media preparation. 12. Internet(www/http).

X-Ray diffraction. R. Accessing biological data bases. etc. / E-mail operations 5. Modern Experimental Biochemistry-Boyer. Peel technique for fossil studies 9. Scurlik. Saraswati Printing Press Aurangabad. Arditti and Dunn. Blakie. 4. Ed. Academic Press (1970). 8. ANOVA use of computer. Education. A. House. 8. Wilson and J.-Ralph. and R. Studies in Paleobotany-Andrews. Goswami. Techniques in Bioproductivity and photosynthesis by – Coombs. 12. Preparation of standard solutions. 4. ppm . Determination of Correlation coefficient. M. 10. Academic Press New York (1989) 3. H. N. (1961) 11. An Introduction to Biometry. R. 11. 3. Pergamon press Oxford (1985) 7. A field and laboratory manualHall. K. Study of instruments / equipments. Schwer and Zeclinskin publ.Mungikar. Experimental plant physiology – J.Colowick and Kaplan Academic Press. Separation of proteins by gel electrophoresis 10. A. applied genetics and Bio-statistics Goswami H. pH – measurement and preparation of buffers. M.(2005). Handbook of field and herbarium techniques S.-Radioactive counetrs. R. (1975). R. Methods in enzymology. Walker (2000) Cambridge Publ.C. Long and Sourlock. Bolhar Nordenkampt. K. London 13.Practicals : UNIT : I (Any Four practicals) 1. Himalayan Publ. Pearsa. Use of search engine for literature / reference work / Searching biochemical literature 6. Publ. (1993) 5. 6. Methods in Experimental Biology. photomicrography. 2. Methods in plant molecular biology – M. Jain and R. N. Bombay (1993) 2. Plant histochemistry – Jensen. Leagood and Long Chapman and Hall Publ. 9. Density gradient centrifugation – A separation technique List of Books : 1. Hall. Part II Syllabus… . Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment. Singapore. (1997). M. Flame photometer. E. Practical cytology. Verification of Beer and Lambert’s law Units: II (Any Four practicals) 7. Sc. Rao. Practical Biochemistry : Principles and Techniques.

Ustilaginales Agaricales.2 Biology and Diversity of Fungi. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders 13 Orders Dictysteliales Stemonitales Chytridiales Plasmadiophoromycetales Perenosporales Mucorales Taphrinales Eurotiales 13 1 1 Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gastomycetes Hyphomycetes Coelomycetes antibiotics and enzymes. 2. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders Classes Acrasiomycetes Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Plasmadiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Hemiascomycetes Plectomycetes Unit : II (15) 4. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Spheropsidales 2 5. Part II Syllabus… . M. Algae and Bryophytes Total Lectures : 60 Fungi Unit: I (15) 1. General Characters of Fungi. growth. organic acids. Sc.B O 1. Classification of Fungi by Alexopoulos and Mims (1979) 3. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. growth. Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hyphomycetales Melanconiales. Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales.

phylogeny. reproduction. Buxbaumiales • • Economic importance of Bryophytes. morphology. Padiana. air. : Pinnularia. Draparnaldia. 2 1 8 2 2 : Gloeoecapsa. Takakiales. Botrydium. Coleochaete. Scytonema. water and host. Reproduction. Part II Syllabus… . Bryophytes as indicators of pollution. Origin of Bryophytes Distribution. Phylogeny and interrelationship of following classes with reference to the forms mentioned against the classes Cyanophyceae Chlorophyceae Xanthophyceae Bacillariophyceae Phaeophyceae Rhodophyceae Bryophytes Unit: IV (15) • • • Trends in classification of Bryophytes.Algae Unit: III (15) • • • • Classification in Algae Culture. 9 2 2 2 Practicals Unit: I (15) • Fungi 1) Isolation of fungi from soil. : Vaucheria. Jungermanniales. habit. their inoculation on culture media. Oscillatoria. Role of Algae in human welfare Structure. : Dictyota. Pithophora.Sphagnales. : Gracillaria. Class Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Order Stemonitales Chytridiales Types Stemonitis Physoderma. Ulva. 2) Detailed study of following types from each of the following orders. and inter relationship of following orders Sphaerocarpales. Fritchella. Synchytrium 1 5 M. Cultivation and methods of preservation. Sc. Cladophora. Spirulina : Mougeotia.

R. Gangulee. Kumar. N. and H. B. (1995) 5. Uromyces. and A. Porella Notothyllus Polytrichum M. (1972) Textbook of Algae Textbook of Algae Textbook of Botany – Algae Botany for degree students-Algae College Botany Vol.V. III Taxonomy and Biology of Blue green algae : : : : Asterella. Sc. Bremia. Mucor. Part II Syllabus… . O. (1986) 3. Singh (1971) 2. K. H. Desikachary.P. H. T. Agaricus. Pandey. Polyporus.Plasmodiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Plectomycets Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gasteromycetes Deuteromycetes Unit :II (15) • Algae Plasmodiophorales Perenosporales Mucorales Eurotiales Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales Agaricales Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hypomycetales Melanconiales Plasmodiophora (Slide) Plasmopara. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Marchantiales Jungermanniales Anthocerotales Polytrichales Reference Books and Journals. Kar (1992) 6. Cyathus Alternaria. P.D. Sharma. B. Asterina Melampsora. Algae 1.C. Cyathodium Fossombronia. Targionia.Rhizopus Penicillium. Aspergillus Claviceps Peziza Capnodium. Vashista. Albugo. Colletotrichum Study of Algae: Types mentioned against each class in theory paper (available specimens / slides) • Bryophytes Morphological. (1994) 4.

J. G. M. H. Sharma. (1955) 6.J.V. and P.J. Sc. E. (1964) 7. (1965) 8. and D.J. (1967) 5. (1959) 4. Watson. E.A and IV-B : Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi : College Botany Vol. E.7. Venkataraman et al. K. Mims (1979) 2. and C. and A. Part II Syllabus… . and M. Dayal (1995) Bryophytes 1. Fritsch. II. R. W. Parihar. Kar (1992) 6. Bessey. Thind K. N. C. Kumra (1988) Structure of Algae and Reproduction Algae-Form and Function The Algae : Introductory Mycology : Textbook of Fungi : The Fungi Vols. N.V. K. (1960) 10. 1. Watson. 4. V. S.S. O. Smith. (1971) 8. IV. Vashista. I : The Myxomycetes of India : Hyphomycetes : Ustihlaginales of India : Aquatic phycomycetes : Aquatic Fungi of India : Inter-relationship of Bryophytes : Liverworts of Western Himalayas and the Punjab Plains Part I and II : An introduction to Embryophyta. I – Bryophyta : Bryology in India : Cryptogamic Botany Bol. Subramanan. C. III. (1963) 8. I. M. Chapman (1965) Journals 1. Chapman. G. (1996) 9. G. Bol.K. F. Mundkur B. Indian Journal of Marine Biology Fungi. Phycologia 3.R. S. A. Sparrdo F.O. Ainsworth.S. S. II : The Structure and life of Bryopytes : British Mosses and Liverworts : Botany for degree students -Brtophyta : Biology of Bryophytes. Chopra. Cavers. B. Mahasagar 5. Kashyap. (1929) 3. and A. Phykos. Alexopoulos. E. (1974) 9. 2. (1989) 3. Seaweed Research. Ram Udar (1976) 5.Trimukchar (1952) 9. (1964) 2. R.B. Sussman 4. (1977) 7. V. Gangulee. R.

Any 8) Unit: I (15) 1. Law of population growth curves. IUCN. Evaluation of abiotic components of aquatic ecosystem (PH. Climatic Climax. Life table and age structure. Wetlands and their Characteristics – Classification of Wetlands & Examples 4. Mortality. Determination of hardness of Water 9.B O 1. Survivorship curves. Determination of phytomass 4. Determination of field capacity of Soil. Sc. MAB. Study of phytoplankton 2. Environmental Education Programmes : WWF. Succession : Succession Unit: II 3. 10. Determination of residual Chlorine from Water sample. 15 Unit: IV 6. Biotic potential and Natality. Part II Syllabus… . Ecological reports based on tour and / or analysis. Models of plant 7 8 7 Population growth and structure: Concept and attribrutes. Habital Ecology : Fresh Water and Marine water ecology (ecosystems) 2. Introduction of Remote Sensing technique and Geographical Information system (GIS) 7. Study of Species diversity index 5.3 Plant Ecology Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. 8 Allogenic and Autogenic Succession. Temperature and Transparency) 3. 8 7 M. Global sinks and pollution cycle Practicals: ( 2 Units. 7. Biosphere Reserve Unit: III 5. Estimation of primary productivity of an aquatic ecosystem 8. Study of satellite imagery and vegetation Analysis Unit: II (15) 6.

Horper and Row (1978) 8. Grime 23. Sharma. Ecology of halophytes – R. J. 1988. Ecology – E. S. 1996 17. J. 1973 7. Ecology and Environment – P. K. Dhot 1990 6. Trivedy. Ecology : The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance – C. K. Concept of Ecology (Environmental Biology) . Karad 26. 18. R. P. B.J. S. Principles of environmental Biology – P. 12. E. An Introduction to Air Pollution (1995) – R. Environmental management of mining operations – B. 1961 15. Kormond. Practical Methods in Ecology and Environmental Science . Krens. Ambsht. Enviro Media Publ. Odum. Technology Assessment. New Delhi. H. Prentice – Hall of India. Kershaw 20. H. Al. D. Air pollution and forests – W. Misra 5. Plant Ecology – Weaver and Clemests 14. Trivedy 24. Clements 13.R. 1993. Concept of Ecology (1996) – Edward J. Covel. 1981 11. P. Quantitative and dynamic ecology – K. . V. Heywood 22. Plant strategies and vegetation process 0 J. M. Misra.List of Books : 1. Part II Syllabus… . H. K. Plant Ecology – R. Reimold and W. Verma. 1974 9. Al. Freysen and T. 1978 10. K. Progress of Plant Ecology in India – R. 1973 19. 2. W. Taxonomy and Ecology . P.P.V. Theridam 4. Wedendrop. Patterns of primary production in the biosphere H. Goel. Chand and Company Ltd. 1990. Meerut 27. Sc. dt. Dary et. Environmental Impact Assessment of Govordhan. Queens. S. The Plant community – Hanson and Churchil.F. Odum.W. Rastogi publications. J. Agarwal. 1978 21. Misra. Fundamentals of Ecology – E. Plant succession and indicators – F.K.P. Ecology workbook – R. Progress of Plant Ecology Ed. I – Ed. T. Structure and functioning – A. 1979 16. Lieth. A.W. Nair. Environmental Impact Assessment. New Delhi 25. 1985 3.V. Smith. Plant pollution ecology – A.

Welwitschiales 10 5 • Applied aspects of Gymnosperms Paleobotany UNIT IV (15) Study of morphology.B O 1. Gymnosperms and Paleobotany Total Lectures: 60 Pteridophytes UNIT I (15) 1) Classification of Pteridophytes 2) Current trends of research in Pteridophytes 3) Comparative morphology.4 (Elective I) Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes. Salviniales Gymnosperms UNIT II (15) • • • Recent trends in Classification Evolution in Reproductive structures of Cycadales Woods of Coniferales (15) 5 5 5 10 2 3 UNIT III • Study of morphology. Ephedrales. Ginkgoales. Part II Syllabus… . Filicales. Taxales. Marattiales Filicales .Sigillariales 8 M. reproduction and phylogeny of following orders with reference to the forms mentioned against each. reproductive organs and affinities of extant members of following orders. anatomy and evolutionary trends of following groups of plants. anatomy. Lepidodendrales Sphenophyllates Psilophytales. Psilotales.Marattiales. Lycopodiales. Sc.

Gangmopteris. specimens / slides. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Psilotales Lycopodiales Filicales Marattiales Salviniales UNIT II (15) • • Study of the morphology and anatomy of the vegetative and reproductive parts of Araucaria.Williamsonials Cycalales Cordiaitales Coniferales Indian fossil flora – Glossopteris flora. Scutellum Ginkgo. Cupressus. Dictyozarrites Palmoxylon. and Ephedra from available : : : : : Tmesipteris Lycopodium. Microsorium. Podocarpus. Part II Syllabus… . Isoetes Gleichenia. Brachyphyllum Ptilophyllum. stem.Practicals UNIT I (15) Pteridospermales : Medullosales Bennettitales . Enigmocarpon. Rajamahal Hill flora. Gleichenites Medullosa. Lignite maceration 5 2 Morphological. Deccan Intertrappean flora Paleopalynological techniques – Coal maceration. Taxus. Pachytesta Elatocladus. Selaginella. Study of following specimens : Sigillariales Sphenophyllales Marattiales Filicales Medullosales Coniferales Cycadaless Angiosperms : : : : : : : : Sigillaria Stem Sphenophyllum Stem Psaronius stem Rodeites. Pteris Angiopteris Salvinia M. Sc. Sahnianthus Glossopteris.

Reference Books : Trivedi, A. N. (2002) Bierhorst, D.W.(1971) Rashid, A. (1978) Spome, K.R. (1966) Bower, F. O. (1963) Jermy, A. G. (1973) Vashishta, B.R. (1996) Parihar, N.S. (1959) Arnold, C.A. (1972) Darroh, W.C. (1968) Surange, K.R. (1968) Journals – American Fern Journal International Journal of plant sciences. Bierhorst, D.W. (1971) Chamberlein, C.J. (1966) Coulter and Chumberlein, J. M. Ramanujan, C.G.K. (1979) Spome, K.R. (1967) Vashistha, P.C. (1976) Arnold, C. A. (1972) Andrews, H.N. (1961) Darroh, W.C. (1960) Surange, K. R. (1968) – Morphology of vascular plants - Gymnosperms, Structure and Evolution - Morphology of Gymnosperms - Indian Gymnosperms in Time and Space - Morphology of Gymosperms - The Gymnosperms - An Introduction to Pateobotany - Studies in Pateobotany - Principles of Paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophyles - The Gymnosperms - Advances in Pteridology - Morphology of Vascular plants - An introduction ot Peridophytes - Morphology of Ptseridophytes - The Ferns - The Phylogeny and Classification of ferns. - Botany for degree students – Pteridophytes - An Introduction to Pteridophyta - An introduction to paleobotany - Principles of paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophytes

Eames, A. J. and E. M. Giffard (1950) - Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Foster, A. S. and Gifford, E. M. (1959)- Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1996)- The Gymnosperms.

Shukla, A.C. and Mishra, S.D. (1975)- Essentiales of Paleobotany Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1975) Stewart, W. N. (1983) - Paleobotany and the evolution of plants, Cambridge U.S.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Semester - II

B O 2.1Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants
Total Lectures: 60 UNIT: I (15) 1. Dynamic cell: General account of plant cell structure specialized plant cell types and pumps, receptors, transport 4 4 7 UNIT: II (15) 4. Organization and expression of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Nucleo- organelle interactions 6. Nucleus : Structure, nuclear pores, nucleosome organization. microfilaments, motor movements implications in flagellar and other movements UNIT: III (15) 8. Cell cycle and apoptosis : control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent Kinases : Cell plate formation . Mechanism of programmed cell death 9. Nucleic acids : Structural pecularities of DNA and RNA Law of DNA constancy and C – value paradox, DNA polymorphism, DNA damage and repair 10. Protein sorting : targeting of proteins to organelles, UNIT: IV (15) 11. Protein Biosynthesis : Concepts of central dogma, reverse transcription, mechanism of transcription, RNA polymerase and its role, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing), Gene concept, split genes, genetic code, deciphering the code, concept of degeneracy and Wobble hypothesis, mechanism of protein synthesis. GISH, confocal microscopy 10 5 12. Techniques in cell biology : In Situ hybridization to locate transcripts incell types, FISH, 4 7 4 5 2 5 5. Plant vacuole – Tonoplast membrane ATP ases, Transporters, as storage organelle 3 2. Plasma membrane : Structure, models and functions, sites for ATP ion carriers, channels 3. Plasmodesmata : structure, role in movement of molecules, comparison with gap junctions

7. Cell shape and motility : The cytoskeleton, organization and role of microtubules and

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Practicals : UNIT I 1. Isolation of chloroplasts 2. Separation of chloroplast proteins 3. Isolation and Estimation at DNA from various plants 4. Restriction digestion of DNA, its separation by agarose gel electrophoresis 5. Study of cell types – Guard cells, heterocysts, Sclereids, Storage cells. UNIT II 6. Study of vacuoles from different plants 7. Preparation of feulgen stained chromosome in root iip cells. 8. Effect of colchicine on chromosome movements during mitosis. 9. Use of fluorescent dye to visualize cell components. Reference Books : 1. Johnson Lewys – 2004 : Cell Biology ; sarup and sons, New Delhi 2. E.J. Dupraw – 1970 : Cell and Molecular Biology; Academic Press, London 3. De Robertis and De Robertis – 1997 : Cell and Molecular Biology (VIII); B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 4. C. P. Swanson, T. Merz, and W.J. Young – 1982 : Cytogenetics ; Prentice – Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 5. P.C.L. John (Ed.) – 1981 : The cell cycle; Cambridge University press 6. Benjamin Lewin : Genes – VI, VII and VIII ; Oxford Press. 7. R. A. Chapoldi 1977 : Membrane proteins and their interactions with lipids; Marcel Dekker, inc. N. York 8. A. N. Mortonosi (Ed.) – 1985 : The enzymes of Biological Membrames Vol. I, II and III; Plenum press, New York 9. Watson and others – 2004 : Molecular Biology of the gene ( V); pearses Educatias, Inc India 10. P.C. Turner and others – 2002 : Molecular Biology (II); Viva Books, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 11. W. Ream and K. G. Field – 1999 : Molecular Biology Techniques ; Academic Press, London. 12.Brace Alberts etal – 1983 : Molecular Biology of the cell ; Garland Publ. Inc., New Yorsk. 13.Charlothe J. Avers – 1986 : Molecular cell Biology ; Addision. Wesley Publ. Company 14. Sandhya Mitra – 1988 : Elements of Molecular Biology ; McMillan India Ltd., N. Delhi 15. C. B. Powar – 1992 : Cell Biology; Himalaya Publishing House.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Sc. Trends in Biotechnology M. Part II Syllabus… . Journal of Experimental Biology 7. Cell 3. Annual review of plant Biology 2. 9. Cytologia 4. The journal of Biochemistry 8. Indian journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Journal of Genetics 5. The Journal of cytology and Genetics 6.Current and Back Volumes of following Periodicals : 1.

Angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Unit: IV Phytogeography hotspots. M. population and environment General biological Principle. Sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research 3 Taxonomic Structure: Taxonomic hierarchy. compilation of field notes and preparation of herbarium sheets of such plants. floras. Isolating International Code of Botanical Nomenclature : Salient features-Principles. invasions and introductions.B O 2.2 ANGIOSPERM SYSTEMATICS Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I Systematics: A Key science. assessment. magnitude. Biodiversity. Importance. Adaptive radiations mechanisms. Sc. Appendices Unit: III Taxonomic tools : Herbarium. The species concept. importance. conservation. Plant explorations. Importance of 5 10 5 7 Plant Speciation: Allopathic / Abrupt / Sympatric / Hybrid / Apomictic speciation. Biosystematic categories. GPS. Unit: II Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies and Recommendations. Transference of Function. Endemism. utilization. Part II Syllabus… . Cladestics in taxonomy. Botanical gardens. Categories and ranks Evolutionary Concepts : Origin of intra-population variation. Computers. GIS 7 Systems of Angiosperm Classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems. Relevance to conservation. Provisions for the governance of the Code. hotspots and hottest 15 8 Steps in biosystematics. Important Rules Endemism in Western Ghats. PRACTICALS: Unit: I (1-6) Unit: II (7-8) (9) (10) Identification of genus and species of locally available wild plants Preparation of botanical keys Study of at least 20 locally available families of flowering plants Field trips within and around the University Campus. : Phytogeographic regions of India.

A Primer of Conservation Biology. Inc. 1951. Pvt. London Stace.. An Integrated system of Classifications of flowering plants. Tomorrow Publications. P. DST. A. Publishers Quicke.(11-12) Knowledge of at least 25 plant species from each of the following categories : a) Medicinal Plants. 1981. V. M. Today and M. Ltd. Principles and Techniques of Commemoratory Taxonomy. 1959. Sc. London. N.) 1998. S. J. H. Plant Systematics : Theory and practice Oxford and YBH Publishing Co. 2004. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi Grnquist. Columbia University Press.. 1989. Heywood 1991. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGrow-Hill Publication Com. Delhi Primak. B) Endemic plants. L. K. New Delhi. C) Exotic weeds. 2004. Muktesh Kumar (ed. J. New Delhi Naik. R. The systematic Evaluation of comparative data. A Hand book of Taxonomy Training. and V. Flowering plaub : Origin. 2002. J. V. Ltd. Plaul. C.. New Delhi Manilal. evolution and phylogeny CBS Publishers a Distributors New Delhi. H. and M. Co. Taxonomy of vasadar plants Oxford and IBH Publ. Pvt. New York Gurcharan Singh. Families of flowering plants Lawrence George H. and L. Ltd. Botanical excursion of about one week duration to any botanically rich location preferable outside the State. Hickey 1997. Biseu Sigh Mahendra Pal Sign Pehra Duk. Stuessy T. New Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. D. 1984. BOOKS : Davis. Sinauer Associales. B. Hulchikson. A. F. Plant taxonomy . S. Donald. Taxonomy and Biosystematics Etwaed Arnold. 1993. Blakie Academic and Professional. Taylor.

J. Onion. ultrastructure of TMV. and Bacteriophage. Sc. J. MLO : Classification. Tomato. 6 3. Potato.C. Brinjal. Wheat. K. genetical and chemical. Citrus. M. Horsefall. causal organism. Sadavasivan. etiology and management of diseases of : Rice. C. Mehta. Grapes. Penetration. Defense mechanism in host : Structural. 15 15 3 3 2 2 3. Rajmah. Bhendi. Pigeonpea. Unit:III 1. Coffee. 5 2. History. Methods of Studying plant diseases and their diagnosis : Field observation. D. laboratory studies. Stages of disease development : Pre penetration. Koch’s postulates. . Coconut. Cucurbits. etiology and management of diseases of: Banana. Dalbergia. Sesamum. Teak. Unit: IV 1. conformation of Provost’s work Anton De Bary. Chemistry of plant viruses. symptomology. Economic importance of viruses. plant pathology in 20th century. Bajra.) epiphytotics. bacteria. physiological. Introductory Virology : Nomenclature and classification of plant viruses. Trimulachari. causal organism. disease forecasting.3 Plant Pathology Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I 1. Sugarcane. morphology and characteristics of MLO’s Identification techniques of MLO’s colonization. History of plant diseases: Beginnings of modern plant pathology. Sunflower. T. Cabbage. symptomology. S. Tobacco. S. Roses. Part II Syllabus… . Turmeric. Soybean. culturing of pathogenic organisms (fungi. Khun period. mycoplasma etc) . Ginger. 4. isolation and purification of plant viruses. Role of environmental factors in disease development. Symptomology and Epidemiology : Disease identification based on symptoms. (external and internal. Contribution of Woronin. post penetration and 6 M. Cotton. History. Gerbera. Unit: II 1. Jowar. Chilly. collection of samples. Bamboo. Garrett. TYMV.) epidemiology (Slow and rapid. 5. Groundnut.B O 2. 3 2. Papaya.

Fungal Diseases : Club root. Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical field. Indian journal of phytopathology 3. 1968 : Disease Resistence in plants. 1979 : Diseases of crop plants in India Singh. Annual review of plant pathology M. S. 1980: Plant Pathology Nyvall. Methods in physiological plant pathology Mehrotra. : Experiments in Microbiology. 7. Shridhar. ander. Mycoplasmal Diseases : Grassy shoot disease and Little leaf Viral Disease : TMV. Unit: II 6. M. Part II Syllabus… . 1998: management Planke. G. 1963 : Plant Diseases Epidemics and control Rangaswami. 1982. J. Powdery mildew. Reference Books : Agrios. S. Downy mildew. Journal of Mycology and plant pathology 4. S. Early and late Blight. Journal of phytopathology 2. 10-12 Estimation of chlorophylls sugars and polyphenols fro healthy and infected leaves. White rust. 1978 : Plant Pathology Aneja. J. Rot. plant pathology and Tissue culture Cooke. Blight and Leaf Spot. 5. Smut. 1998 : Plant Diseases Current and back – Volumes of following periodicals : 1. S.Practicals : Unit: I 1-4. Bunt. K. 1969: The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. R. Tikka. Blast. Mahadevan. Nematode Disease : Root knot Phanerogamic plant Diseases : Total and Partial root and stem parasites Bacterial Diseases : Citrus canker. R. 1993. Damping off. R. and R. 1979 : Field Crop Diseases Handbook Pathological Problems of Economic crop plants and their Paul Khurama. Fiber and oil plants Gangopadhyay . Rust. 8. E. leaf sopt. 9. Sc. Vander. R. Anthracnose. E. PMV and YVMV. A. A. 1981. J. A. Planke. Wilt. G. 2004: Clinical Plant Pathology Kuijit. N. F.

cryobanks. Strategies for conservation: ex situ conservation: Principles and practices. M. Vegetable oil yielding crop (Safflower. Plants used in Sericulture 4. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). biosphere reserves. pollution control and esthetics Unit: IV 1. non-formal conservation efforts. Important fire wood and timber yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as pigeonpea).4 (Elective II) Plant Resource Utilization and Conservation Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. in vitro repositories. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. extinction. gums. seed banks. raw-materials for papermaking. field gene banks. protected areas in India – sanctuaries national parks. General account of petrocrop 3. antibiotics Medicinal and Aromatic plants (Curcma longa. Ethnobotany : basic principles and scope 5. organic acids. Principles of conservation. mastigatories and funmitories and beverages 2. 10 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 6 2. narcotics. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR). Economic importance of microbes 2. A brief account of major spices. botany and uses of food crop (rice and Sunflower ) Sugar and biomass crop (Sugarcane) Unit: III 1. Wetlands. Unit: II 1. condiments. evolution. botanical gardens. Artimesia). Part II Syllabus… . Origin. Ornamental plants 6. 3. Economic importance and utilization of Lower Plant Groups and enzymes. mangroves and coralreefs for conservation of wild biodiversity 5 2. Sc. general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI). Plants used as avenue trees for shade. Fibre crop (Agave). environmental status of plants based on International Strategies for conservation – in situ conservation : International efforts and Indian initiatives. 7 5 5 5 3. tannins and dyes. resins and fruits. Green revolution: Benefits and adverse consequences bamboos. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for conservation.B O 2.

Practicals : Unit: I 1. Adhatoda zeylanica (Syn. microscopic structure of oil-yielding tissues. Cymbopogon sp. Advances in Oilseeds Production and Technology. New Delhi.. London (1969) Agrofrestry India Perspeetive. Field survey and submission of report and scientific visits Books : A manual of ethnobotany Ed.) 1) Estimation of proteins 3. Ramanamurthy. & 6. Jain. K. Mentha. Ashish Publishing House. Terminalia. and 8. T. 2. Economically important lower plants – two from each group. Part II Syllabus… . soybean Morphology. Sugarcane Morphology. Maize. London (1954) M. K. Mangroves) Dyes (Turmeric . & 4. Gums. L. Chickpea. Petro and Sericultural crops. Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cotton. Sc. Bajra. Study of food crops : Wheat. :Mustard. Garal Duekworth and Co. tests for oils and iodine number. New Delhi Allen and Unwin Ltd. 12. G. 10. Sage Pub. anatomy.K. Jha and P. ICAR New Delhi (1985) Agricultural Botany. Vear. S.. Plant fibres a) Textile fibres b) Cordage fibres c) Fibres for stufting 5. Forage / fodder crops : Study of important crops of the locality (Sorghum. : Depending upon the geographical location select any five from campus / wild / crop field Catharanthus roseus. dyes : Perform simple tests for gums and resins. Safflower.Vegetable oils 9. anatomy.. microscopic study of fibre using appropriate staining procedure. A vasica) Jasminum. V. Prepare a wet extract of vegetable tannins (Acaeia. Unit: II 7. Agare : Coir : Silk cotton / Kapok Morphology. Gill and K. Ltd. tannins.. Lawsonia) 11. Bixa. N. Eciatific publications Jodhpur A New moral Economy to India’s forests ? – Roger Feffery and Nandini Sundar (1999). Sengupta. C. microchemical tests for stored food materials. resins. Butea.

M. N. P . ICAR New Delhi (1969) Handbook of Sericultural Technologies. New Delhi. H. Chapmen and L.P. P. Forest Resources – Crises and Management Natraj Publishers.D. Publ. Jemes and Jemes (Science Publichers) U. B. Discovery publishing House. A. P. R. V. Sudarshan. Jain Indian Agriculture. Sc.) 1994. Day Publishing House New Delhi (1997) Handbook of Agriculture. Data Res. P. M. Giridhar. (1994) CBS Publishers New Delhi Contributions to Ethnobotany of India. New M.Applied Ethnobotany – E. New Delhi. Dhiman (edt. Dehradun. New Delhi (1996) Economic Botany. K. Frrest Wealth of India Inaccesible to impoverished. (2005) Field crops of India by A. Hill A. Center. Iralappan Management of Minor forest produce for sustainability M. Bassam. Orford and IBH publishing Co. Delhi..K. Vandana Shiva. 19996. Aiyer. Freeman and Company Son Fran (1976) Deep Aublicatins. I. Pupl. Ministry of Textiles. Sen Sharma .R. Jaji. Simpson and M-Conner Economic Botany. By G. Donlin. Pomeranz VCH Publ. of India. D. Introduction to Spices. Kumar. Joryal (1992) Forestry and the People (1994) L. S. Pvt. W. Mukadam. Jha and P. Central silk Board. Chaudhary R. Banglore Printing and Publishing Company Bangalore (1966) Forest Management (1996).D. N. Ltd. S. New Delhi. A. Govt. Forbes Publ. K. Forestry Handbook Ed. Mcgrow Hill Book Company (1962) Energy Plant Species. R. B. A Diamond Jubilee Publication by INSA. Bengalore (2001) Herbal Medicines for human health. Trivedy and K. Publ. Carter. Gopalaswaniengar.R. The Ronald Press Company New York (1955) Foristry Research and Education in India. (1987) Ashish Pub.Varghesee S-VD Complete Gardening of India. Khader. B. Dogra and R C. Plantation crops medicinal and arremats Plants. Meherhomji and N. Parthasarathy and P. Jayant Jaiswal and K. Partha ocrruthy Bengalore (1991) Crop Protection Principles and Pratices.Shiva. Mathur (1996). S. Vikas Singhal Indian Economic. B. Their use and inpact on environment and development. House. K. Rengedhy G. New Delhi Modern General Science and Technology by Y. Publ. Inc. R. Rangaswami. El. Part II Syllabus… . K. R. K. S.

Old and New Series CSIR Publication M. London Ogorzaly. Basil Blackwell Inc. Chapmen and Hall Scientific Publishers Jodhpur 1996. Great Pritan (1976) Tropical forest Resources FAC Forestry Paper (1962) Wealth of India . 1980..New Crops for Food and Industry. N. Hag. Schery.Day. New Delhi (1997) Plants For Man. Smartt – Lengman Group Ltd. Rmachandran (1986) CSIR New Delhi. The biological aspects of rate plants conservation Syrge Hugh (ed. The Useful Plants of India. R-M. Wickens.) John Wiley and Sons. K. George P. E. New York Tropical – Pulses by J. Ed. McGraw Hill Intenational Edition (1986) Oxfod.IBM publ. G.. Part II Syllabus… . The Purpose of forests – Jack Westoby (1987). Sc. Publi.

Natural selection). Migration. Genetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. 4. Wild relatives of crop plants. Genetic problems on gene mapping in higher plants 12. Cytoplasmic male sterility 7 b) Crop Genetic Resources: Centers of origin of cultivated plants. 2 2 15 6. Importance of molecular marker assisted breeding. 2. Determination of mitotic index. Centers of origin of crop plants. 3. Molecular plant breeding. Smear preparation of Allium cepa. Gene sanctuaries 8 Unit 3: Population and Evolutionary Genetics: Evolutionary theory and population genetics.SEMESTER III BO 3. Molecular marker systems. Genetic drift. Heterosis. Aloe vera. M. Institutes engaged in conservation and improvement of crop genetic resources. Isolation of DNA and quantification by spectrophotometer. Methods of breeding in self and cross pollinated crops. Karyotype evolution 15 Unit 2: a) Genetics of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Mapping of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. Nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes. Any 8) 1.1: CYTOGENETICS AND CROP IMPROVEMENT Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Karyotype analysis in any two plant species. Study of floral biology of crop plants 11. Molecular organization of centromere and telomere. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Cytology: Chromatin organization. Gene banks. Banding patterns. Gene families. A. 5. Part II Syllabus… . Orcein banding species. Mobile genetic elements and their significance. Global network for genetic conservation and utilization in major crops of world. Genetic variations in natural populations (Protein variation and variation with RFLP and DNA sequences) 15 Unit 4: Classical and modern methods of crop breeding and improvement: Genetic variability in crop plants. Changes in genetic structure of populations (Mutation. Theory of allele frequencies. Visit to National Research Institute/ NBPGR centers/ Seed Company and submission of field diary. sativum. coli. Sc. Applications of computer in plant breeding Practical (2 Units. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. Chlorophytum Rhoeo discolor or any other ideal plants 8. 7. Karyotype analysis. Importance of genetic conservation. Isolation of plasmid from E. Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA. Vicia faba.

Narosa Publishers New Delhi. W. Scientific American Books. Sybenga. O. 2003. Strickberger. Mitra Sandhya 1994 Genetics a blueprint of life. 1975. The Macmillan Company. New York. 4.. Third edition John Wiley and Sons Inc. U. Lodish. Ruger W. and Simmons M. M. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding biotechnological and conventional approaches. Principles and practice of plant breeding. J. P. M. 1983. Macmillan India Ltd. Winkler. C. 6. J. 2. Sharma. Snustad D. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. and Baltimore. and Sharma. Genes IV. 1968. Germany. New Delhi. S. K. A. John Wiley and sons. Oxford and IBH Publishing. V. Oxford. 1993. 5.Theory and practice. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. Part II Syllabus… . Principles of genetics. Russell P. K. Chahal G. B. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. Techniques of plant cytogenetics. H. Sc. Macmillan and Co. London. Principles of Genetics.. Advances in plant breeding Vol. Berlin.. Darnel. Narosa Publication New Delhi.. 3. The theory of plant breeding. R. Journal of Genetics Journal of Cytology and Genetics Cytologia Caryologia International Journal of Food Science and Technology M. Delhi. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. 1968. K. S. Gardner. K. J. and Wackernagel W. Ganguli. 1980. D. Jahier. I Arati Prakashan Aurangabad. Cytogenetics of crop plants. J. P.Principles and methods. S. Lewin. Bahekar V. Problems in Genetics Vol.Hill Publishing Company Ltd New Delhi. VI. Genetics. Co. S. D. 2000. J. J. and Banarjee. Ludhiana. E. J. New York.. Swanson. 1998. J. B. U. Oxford University Press. Butterworth and Co. Sharma J. Sharma. 1980. 1979. Mayo. Springer Verlag. Chromosome techniques. Clarendon Press. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. P. Tata McGraw. A. Plant breeding. Van No Strand Reinhold. Swaminathan. (Publishers) Ltd. and Sinha. and Gosal S.. Genetics. A.Suggested readings: Avers. Kalyani Publishers. 2003. Journals: 1. I and II. London. Gupta. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Molecular cell biology.. Meiotic configurations. Singh. P. Ltd. Mandal. C. Cytology and Cytogenetics. S. R. Ltd. Genetics Fifth edition Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Canada. P.

Production of alcohol by microbes. Isolation and culture of bacteria. scope and application of bacteria in agriculture with reference to biological nitrogen fixation. selection Unit 4: a) Hybridoma technology and stem cells b) Introduction to genomics. Enzyme / cell immobilization. scope and importance b) Applications of plant tissue culture c) Techniques of enzyme and cell immobilization. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology: Concept. 6. strategies for development of transgenic. Study of phyto-remedation 9. construction of genomic and cDNA libraries and vectors Agrobacterium Mediated gene transfer. importance. 10. Any 8) 1. Estimation of alcohol. Study of bacterial growth pattern. proteomics and bioinformatics c) Introduction to environmental biotechnology d) IPR: Concept. Unit 3: a) Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning.2: BIOTECHNOLOGY & GENETIC ENGINEERING Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. ecological risks and ethical concerns Practical (2 Units. its application in industry 4 4 7 Unit 2: a) Bacterial Biotechnology: Bacterial nutrition and culture. 5. 2. primary and secondary 8 metabolites and enzymes.SEMESTER III BO 3. M. principles and techniques. Isolation of root nodule bacteria. 8. Part II Syllabus… 8 7 4 4 4 3 b) Genetic engineering of plants: Aims. Effect of biofertilizers on growth of plant. Sc. Seed dressing and inoculation with Rhizobia 7. 4. biological control and recycling of waste b) Microbial products: fermentation technology 7 production of microbial biomass. . Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. biogas generation. 3. Bacterial transformation and genetic improvement of microbes.

. 1985.Dubey. Wiley Estern Ltd.and L. New Delhi. Cambridge Univ.J Pasternals.J.and K. 1977. Molecular Biotechnology.P. W.. Pub.C. New Delhi.. New Delhi 1994.Phillips : Plant Cell.: Applied and fundamental aspects plant cell. 1993.C.Bernard and Glick and J. Gamborg. Trehan K. Dodds.Suggested readings: A Text Book of Biotech by R.: An Introduction to plant tissue culture oxford & IBH Pbl.Co. New Delhi 1996.O. Tissue and organ culture. P.2005 Kumar H. Wiley Eastern Ltd. Sullia and S Shantharam. Springer Verlag. Vikas Pb. General Microbiology by S..S. J.G. New Delhi. Bajaj. : Novo’s Handbook of Practical Biotechnology.S. and Y. 1994.Oxford & IBH. Trends in Biotechnology. 1986. 1995. 2nd Ed. Sc. M. C.House. tissue and organ culture.Ltd. New Delhi. Biotechnology. Narosa Pub. O. Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA. Plant pathology tissue culture and mushroom cultivation.P. Roberts: Experiments in plant tissue culture. Tauro. 1996. K. Razdan.: Experiments in Microbiology.L.: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Fundamental Methods.B. Aneja K.H. Berlin.K.D.Press.-Ason Press Washington 1984. M.K. Part II Syllabus… .L. A/S.Kapoor.Yadav: An Introduction to Microbiology. Weshwa Prakashan. Reinhert. Cambridge. Boyce. Novo Industry.

Study of enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Unit –II 2. RUBISCO and PEP Case. Estimation of Cellulose. A brief idea of pectin biosynthesis and enzymes involved in pectin degradation.Carbohydrate Metabolism – Regulation of starch and sucrose biosynthesis. Study of enzyme polygalacturonase. 8 7 6. 11. 3. ‘P’ uptake. Estimation of Ascorbic acid. factors controlling 4. 4. To study the effect of potassium on glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase . Estimation of Polyphenols.31 Advanced Plant physiology and plant Biochemistry Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. Regulation of Pentose Phosphate Pathway and TCA Cycle . Regulation of PCR Cycle and C4 Pathway. Regulation of electron transport chain and role of alternate oxidase. 2. ascorbic acid and malic acid . Secondary metabolites –Shikimate Pathway and its role in biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites. Part II Syllabus… .Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY`( Special Paper – I ) B O – 3. Study of Oxalic acid accumulation in leaf tissue. Sc. Study of effect of light on chlorophyll biosynthesis. Synthesis and degradation of cellulose.Phosphorus nutrition – Forms of phosphorus in soil.Photosynthesis-A brief outline of chlorophyll biosynthesis and the pigment organization in thyllakoid membrane. Unit –III 3. 10 5 Unit –IV 5. 5. Study of Phosphorus distribution in different plant parts. ‘P’ fractions in plants. 10. Role of Pyrophosphate in plant metabolism. Study of enzyme inorganic pyrophosphatase. Estimation of starch.Respiration – whole plant respiration . Phosphorus uptake. 7. 9. C3 – C4 intermediates. 8. Organic acid metabolism –Metabolism and roles of oxalic acid. 6. 15 15 Unit –II M. Glycolysis in plants and its regulation . Practicals :– Unit –I 1.

I. R. Noggle. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. II and III. Steward F. Pessarkli. H. F. and Varner. J. I & II. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Govindjee. S. and Agarwal P. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. C.P. E. M. Hopkins. K. M. Krishnamurthy. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. G. Walker. Marcel Dekkar Inc. H. L. and Ziegler. and Conn. D. (1998): The Plant Physiology. Part II Syllabus… . (1979): Plant Physiology. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. P. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. T.N. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants.C. NY. a laboratory manual. (1983): C3. H. Pessarkli.N. USA). (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. H. S. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. E. C. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. Wilkins. M.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. Miller. G.K. Edwards.C.C. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Journal of Experimental Botany. S. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. Sane P. Marschner. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. B. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods.. Sinha S. and Ross. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. and Fritz. G. Salisbury.K. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. M.Suggested readings:Bidwell. J. F. W.K. (1996): Plant Physiology. Bhargava S. Stump. B. The Plant Cell. Smith.. Taiz. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. W. Bonner. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa.R. I & II. Moore. Sc. A Comprehensive Treatise. W.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed.W. Mukharjee. and Ghosh A.. C.V.

UNIT-II 7. Culture : Types of culture media and their preparation. Ultrastructural and cultural. Morphology : External and Internal. a. air and host plant. Microtomy of fungal specimen. their identification and Classification. UNIT -II 5. Techniques of microtomy. Serological and Nutritional. Ainsworth (1973) and b. Micrometry : Study of micrometry and its significance in fungal taxonomy.12. water. Various systems of classification of fungi. General features of fungi. g. PDA. 2. Sc. UNIT –IV 6. 7. f. Webstor (1980).11. 10. 3. Isolation of fungi from soil. histogram and polygon. Cytological and Genetics. special culture media. a.Semester III MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. 5 & 6. c.9. b. stains and fixatives used. 11 04 15 15 04 04 04 03 Practicals (2 Units. Host specificity. determination of standard deviation and Frequency distribution. Vegetative and Reproductive. Microtomy : Types of microtomes. Criteria used in the classification of fungi.8.Measurement of spore size.32. Part II Syllabus… . e. Preparation of culture media. Status of fungi and research in Mycology and Plant Pathology in India: An overview.Taxonomy of Fungi (Special paper I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT -I 1. 2.3 & 4. UNIT –III d. M. 4. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Physiological and Biochemical. Czapeks Dox Agar and Richard’s medium. Measurement of fungal dimensions.

I. IV-A and IV-B. G. S. C.R.A. S.R.W. H. II.I-VIII.F.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Journals Annual Review of Plant Pathology.R. Mycologia.A.Sparrow.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.W. and A.and C.II.(1994): A Text Book of Botany: Fungi. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. Kendrick. H.H. Part II Syllabus… . Pandey.S.Plant Pathology and Tissue Barnett.J.et al. Canadian Journal of Botany.E. M.(1909-50):Researches on Fungi Vol. D. Gangulee.P.P.(1989): Text Book of Fungi.K.and A. (1979): Taxonomy of fungi imperfecti. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. (1967): Morphology and Taxonomy of fungi Buller.B.O. Sharma.Vol. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology. Sc.(1975): Advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology. Raychudhary . Alexopoulous.(1940): Plant Microtechniques.K.B. Gangopadhyay S. III . Rangaswamy G.A. E.. (1960): Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi.L.Sussman (1973): The Fungi.Mims(1979) : Introductory Mycology.REFERENCE BOOKS: Ainsworth. Johanson. Aneja K. Bessey.

(03) 5. possibilities and limitations Unit 4: a) Apomixis. M. significance in plant breeding 8 7 8 7 7 b) Numerical variation in chromosomes. (02) 4. Setcreatia Cynotis). Genome analysis in wheat/ Gossypium. 7. Study of B chromosome in Maize/ Drimia. Triticale transfer of segment from align chromosome. Cotton. Sc.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Delphinium malbaricum. B-chromosome its origin and consequences aneuploidy. their cytological consequences. Structural hybrids. Smear preparations in Allium cepa. Genetic control of meiosis. Any 8) 1. 6. sources and consequences. 11. 9. Gene mapping and other uses. Induction of polyploidy using Colchicine. Study of Apomictic Chromosome. natural and induced polyploids Unit 3: a) Genome analysis in crop plants: Wheat. chromosome disjunction. classification. Special type of chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster.r 10. Meiotic analysis in plants (Stages. b) Drosophila genetics: Life cycle. mechanism and theories of crossing over. chisma terminalization by using photographs) Pachytene analysis. (2) 2. Meiotic studies in structural hybrids (Rhoeo. Part II Syllabus… 8 . Study of aneuploidy and chromosome mapping in barely. special type of chromosome. Study of life cycle in Drosophila melanogaste. genetic regulation of development in Drosophila Practical (2 Units. Recombination models. Zea mays. Tobacco. 8. types of apomixes in higher plants. euploidy and b) Alien genetic resources in crop improvement: Align addition and substitution lines. Cytological analysis of polyploidy in plants. Coix lacriamajobi. Synaptonymal complex 10 Unit 2: a) Structural variations in chromosomes. chisma. Mitotic and meiotic cell division 5 b) Meiosis: modes of meiosis. 3.33: CYTOGENETICS Total Lectures – 60 Unit 1: a) Introduction to cytogenetics.I) B O 3.

and Sinha S. Harti D. Karp G. and Jones E. 7. Plant Breeding and Evolution. Merz T. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. S. Khush G. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. M. Ltd. S. New Delhi. P. 8. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. and Nakayama S. and Young J. 5. Minnesota. Gupta P.. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. L. Fikui K. 3. 1973 Cytogenetics. and Sinha U. W. Kalyani Publishers. 4. Sinha U. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. 10. Part II Syllabus… . 1999 Cytogenetics. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. Swaminathan M. Prasad G. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. 1998 Cytogenetics. Gupta P. New Delhi. Burgess Publishing Co.I 1.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. New Delhi 9. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. 1996 Plant chromosomes.. 2. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. K. R. K. Swanson C. Burnham C. Rastogi Publication Meerut. New Delhi. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. 6. Academic Press New York USA. Sc.

10. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. planning and management. pH. 8. UNIT 2: 3. Determination of BOD at R. winds. Field visits to Industrial area. Law of limiting factors. Soils: formation. (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. 5. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. UNIT 3: 4. EC. 2. ii. Study of EC and pH of the soil. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate.light.T. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. Study of wilting coefficient. TSS. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. Sc.34 ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1. 4. TDS and TS). 2. Determination of organic matter from soil. Water: Resources and Management.currents. waves. Fresh water Environment – Wind. composition. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 1. Land use classification. tides. 3. 9. UNIT 4: 5. soil profile.SEMESTER III (Special Paper – I) ENERGY. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. Marine Environment.Classification of climate climographs. UNIT 6: 6. 6. currents. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. soil types of India. Part II Syllabus… . 7. Study of soil profile. 11.

Lieth H. (1978) : Ecology. Pandeya S. Bradbury I. Watt K. J. (1990) :The Biosphere. I. Odum E. Sc. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. E. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (3rd ed. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Krebs C. Das S. ( 1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology.R. M. Kormondy E.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. Misra K. Kershaw K. A. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. and Das R. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. M. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. K. J. C. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. P. K. R. F. (1971) : Ecology. (1973) : Principles of Environment Sciences. Misra R. P. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. (1996) : Concept of ecology. Freedman H. P. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. C. Grims J. (1989) :Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical Methodology. Part II Syllabus… . F. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. Greig Smith P. Odum E.

SEMESTER III B O-3.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I)

Unit-I

1

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts, importance of taxonomy and need for classification, hierarchical classification, general and special purpose classifications, Alpha and Omega taxonomy, taxonomy as synthetic discipline.

4

2

THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000, systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity, the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity.

4

3

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus, Albert Magnus, Otto Brunfels, Jerome Bock, Andrea Cesalpino, Jean Bauhin, Joseph Pitton de Turnfort, John Ray; ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students; Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson, Jean B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, De Jussieu, De Candolle, Bentham and Hooker.

7

Unit-II

4

A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: 10 The evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace, i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler, Adoph Engler, Alfred Rndle, Karl Christian MezAugust A. Pulle, Carl Skottberg, B. Hayata; the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein,Charles E. Bessey, Hans Hallier, John Hutchinson, Oswald Tippo, Karl Mez, G. Gunderson, Lyman Benson.

5

RECENT

SYSTEMS

OF

CLASSIFICATIONS:

By

Armen

L.

5

Takhtajan, Authur Cronquist, R. M. T. Dahlgren and Robert F. Thorne. Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat, leaf structure, nodal anatomy, xylem and phloem, inflorescence, flower, androecium, pollen grains, gynoecium, placentation, ovules, seeds, seedlings and fruits. 5

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

7

TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa, Forms of scientific names; major categories: division, class, order, family; minor categories: genus, species and infraspecific categories.

3

8

NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]; Divisions; Principles; Nomenclatural

7

terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype, isotype, syntype, lectotype, paratype, neotype; Effective and Valid publication; Priority; Scientific names-Correct name, Autonym, Basionym, Homonym, Synonym, Tautonym; alternative, ambiguous, illegitimate, naked, rejected and superfluous names. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION, 15 ECONOMIC

INTERELATIONSHIPS,

PHYLOGENY

IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae, Lauraceae, Piperaceae, Aristolochiaceae,

Nymphaeaceae, Moraceae, Urticaeae, Casuarinaceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation, principle of priority, transfer of taxa, effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon, deposition of type, Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers, stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules, placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. • Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Urticaeae, Aristolochiaceae, Casuarinaceae, Papaveraceae, Dilleniaceae, Alismataceae, Aponogetonaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Lauraceae, 15

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Manilal, K. S. and M. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. DST, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi. • Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London. • Taylor, D. V. and L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • • • Takhtajan, A. 1962. Flowering plants- Origin and Dispersal. Hutchinson, J. 1959. Families of Flowering plants. Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC, Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M. Sc. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60

UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification, Brief idea of Plankton, Nekton, Benthos. Marine phytoplankton- dinoflagellates. nanoplankton, ultraplankton, coccoliths. MARINE FUNGI, ACTINOMYCETES, LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. CORALS, FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy, cytology, ultrastructure, salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae), Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Life histories of a few important species . UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek, Estuary, Lagoon and Delta. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’, Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves, East and West coast mangroves, Mangrove shores and forests. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae , Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae, Myrsinaceae, Acanthaceae etc. UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy, Distribution, Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy, distribution, adaptations, morphology, anatomical features. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Dune vegetation, Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 15 15 6 5 4

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Enteromorpha,Chaetomorpha, Ulva ,Caulerpa, Bryopsis etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Padina, Dictyota, Sargassum etc. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Gracilaria, Gelidium , Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus,Halophila etc.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex,Ipomoea etc.). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SUGGESTED READINGS :1. Chapman,V. J. (1976). Costal Vegetation. II nd edition Pergamon Press. New York. 2. Desikachary, T. V. (1975). Marine Plants. N. C. E. R. T. New Delhi. 3. Kumar H.D. Delhi. 5. McConnaughey,B. H (1974). Introduction to Marine Biology. 6. Ranade, D. R. & Gadre, R. V. (1988). Laboratory Manual., M.A.C.S. Pune. 7. Sambamurthy,A.V.S.S.(2005). A Text Book of Algae. 8. Santhanam, R.; Ramnathan,N.; Venkataramanjan K. & Jegathanam,G. (1987) . Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. & Aspects of Marine Botany.Daya Publication Home. Delhi. 9. Sen Neera and Kumudranjan Naskar, (2003). Algal Flora of Sundarbans. Mangal Daya 10. Stein, J. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press. 11. Trainor,F. R. Introductory Phycology. 12. Vashishta, B. R. (1995). Algae S. Chand and co. Ltd., new Delhi. Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Introduction to Phycology. 4. Kumar H.D. and H.N.Sing (1990). Algae. Affiliated East West Press pvt. Ltd. publ. New

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER- I) B 0 3. 37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE- I Theory (4 Units, 60 Lectures)

Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture, laboratory design and

development, operation and management (3); b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture, factors influencing morphogenesis, Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7); c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling, sterilization technique, equipment and apparatus, procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture, Callus formation and its culture, Callus desiccation, organogenesis, meristem culture, axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10); b) Somaclonal variation; selection (5).

Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture, embryo rescuing, synseed (4); b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2); c) Cell suspension culture, cell line isolation (5); d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology; conservation, operation, maintenance, management (10); b) Cryopreservation, its importance and future prospects (5). Practical (2 Units, Any 8) 1&2. Media preparation 3. Sterilization techniques 4&5. Callus culture 6&7. Organogenesis 8&9. Cell suspension culture 10. 11. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses, agro based industries (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1)

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

S. Scientific Publishers.1984. 6. New York.and Roverts. Jodhpur.and Phillips.. Dixon.Molecular embryology of flower plants.2002. II. J.V.Cell culture and somatic cell genetics of plants (I).Plant cell.W. S. Y. T.plant tissue culture. 12. Ravishankar. N. III. 4. 1983.A. 5. 14.L.and Venkataraman.Laboratory procedures and their applications. Oxford. Nelson.Plant. L. R.and Razdan. I.a practical approach. R. New Delhi.E.Reston Publishing Co. New Delhi. 1985. O. 11. New York. Plant cell culture.C.R.. Srivastava. Gamborg. 8. Press. Berlin.and Primerose. 9. S. tissue and organ culture fundamental Methods. England. Springer Verlag. Sc. McMillan Publ.Inc. press. Reddy. Elsevier Publ.H. Doddas. J. G.. tissue and organ culture. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. 3. V.Principles of gene manipulation. M. Reinsert. Cambridge Uni. India. G.Ltd. Bhojwani.W.B.M. 13. Purohit.Microbial biotechnology. Street H.Tata McGraw Hill Publishers.1997. Part II Syllabus… . Thorpe. 1974. Narayanswamy.1997. S. 7.1997. I.V. Plant tissue culture. and Reddy. Hand book of plant cell culture vol. L.1966.Academic Press. Heidelberg.I 1. Tissue culture. 2.P. K.Plant cell and tissue culture.P. 10. Oril Press Oxford.Academic Press.S. Experiments in plant tissue culture. Old.Narosa Publishing House.K. Evans et al 1983.K. 1997.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Raghavan.. Cambridge Uni.and Bajaj. Vasil.A.1976. Academic Press Inc.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. New York 15.1985. D.1981. Pvt. P. New York. theory and practice.A.Greenhouse operation and management. Co. S.S.Blackwell.1973. H.

Growth and Morphogenesis-Meristems in plant development. 5. geotropism and nastic movements. 8. Hormonal regulation of leaf and petal senescence. leaf and flower. History and discovery of phytochromes and cryptochromes and their photochemical and 11 04 biochemical properties . 3. Seed Development –Biochemical changes during development of seeds. Metabolism of leafy vegetables during storage. role and possible mechanism of action of a)Triacontanol. Sc. Unit –II 7. c)Salicylic acid. Post harvest Physiology –Ripening of fruit and its regulation. Plant movements – Phototropism.Biochemical changes during senescence of leaves and petals and regulation of senescence. 10. To study the effect of different PGRs on seedling growth M.41 Plant Growth and Development (Special Paper II) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. c)Trizoles d)TIBA. Unit –IV 8. stem. A brief idea about phytochrome biosynthesis. Photomorphogenesis . and mutants in physiological studies. Programmed Cell Death. Study of changes in starch / protein content during seed development. A brief idea about role of plant growth retardants a)CCC. Study of enzyme acid phosphatase during ripening of fruits. Study of changes in RNA and Proteins during senescence. 6. b)Brassins. Pollen germination –Physiology of pollen germination and pollen stigma interaction. 7. 15 Practicals:Unit –I 1.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY B O 3. 2. mechanism of action of photomorphogenetic receptors. 2. 04 4. cellular localization. A brief idea about role of tissue culture. 4. 9. roles . Effect of chemical compounds on pollen germination. A brief idea about development of plant organs: root. Senescence and PCD. Unit –II 3. 5. Study of changes in respiration rate during ripening of fruits. d)Jasmonates e)Polyamines . b)Maleic hydrazide. Part II Syllabus… 06 03 06 . Study of lipid accumulation during development of oil seeds. Unit –III 6. Plant Growth Regulators – A brief idea about discovery.

Hopkins. Sinha S. M. J. and Ross. and Agarwal P.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis.P. H. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. L. Pessarkli. The Plant Cell. D. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Stump. Taiz. Krishnamurthy.N. C. Sane P. I & II. C. S. W.Suggested readings:Bidwell.C. Journal of Experimental Botany. Steward F. Govindjee.. G. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. Part II Syllabus… . F. and Ghosh A. W. a laboratory manual. M. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. A Comprehensive Treatise. II and III. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. (1983): C3. B.K. Salisbury. Mukharjee. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. R. K. M. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. NY. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Smith.N. (1979): Plant Physiology. B. S. G. E. Marschner.K. P. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology.V. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. G. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Wilkins. USA).W. and Fritz. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.C. Noggle. J. (1998): The Plant Physiology. Edwards. and Ziegler. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. Bonner. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. Pessarkli. Walker. H. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. T. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. and Varner. Marcel Dekkar Inc. W. M.. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden..R.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. Miller. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. F. H. S.K. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. H.I.C. C. (1996): Plant Physiology. Moore. Sc. I & II. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. E. and Conn. Bhargava S. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.

UNIT. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. antigen and antibody reaction. Fusaric acids. UNIT-III 4. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Deficiency of micronutrients. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. UNIT-II 3. 4. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. 8 & 9. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. Toxins lycomarsmine. 10.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Cellulolytic . Classification of crop diseases: Viral. physiological specializations. application of immunological techniques. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Piricularin. Bacterial. protein for protein hypothesis. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. 11 & 12. 6. Respiration. Amylolytic enzymes. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Genetics of host pathogen interaction.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Immunoglobulines. Photosynthesis. aflatoxins. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. Nucleic acids. Part II Syllabus… . 5. gene for gene hypothesis. Bacteria and Viruses. Sc. alternic Acid.Production of Pectolytic. UNIT-IV 5. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Victorin.II 7. M. Proteins. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development.2 & 3.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Cellulolytic. Pectolytic. 2. Fungal and Nematode.

Mahadevan.(1980) : Plant Pathology. J. Sc. Singh.E.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.E.S.U.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition).(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Epidemics and Control. S.K. Paul Khurana. Of California Press. R. S. (1994): Clinic al Plant Pathology.A. Aneja K.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases.B. R.P.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.A. Part II Syllabus… . Kuijit.London and New York.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. Plank J. M. A.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants. S. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. A.(1963): Plant Diseases.K. Ny vall.A. H.J.M. Rangaswamy G.F. Padoley.R.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. II. Gangopadhyay S.N.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management. Fiber and Oilplants. R. and A.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. and P. Plank. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.S.S. and R. Uni. G. Gangulee.

Sc. Any 8) 1. (02) (02). Drought. Germplasm collection. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). (02). 10. Triallele. Part II Syllabus… . Selection under domestication. Estimation of heritability 7. Line tester. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). Exploration and collection of germplasm. 9. 6. Designing field experiments 8. Practical (2 Units. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). data storage and retrieval 4.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. partial diallele. Introduction. Salinity. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). Metroglif analysis. and Acclimatization of plants (2). D2 analysis. Assessment of variability. Components of variance. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 3. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. b) Mutation breeding (5). Heat and cold resistance (10). (02). Quarantine. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). Genetic erosion. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. (02).43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. Generation mean analysis. b) Domestication. Genetic diversity (7). b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. 5. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) M. seedling growth and on mitosis 2. conservation and utilization (2). c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. cataloging.

Poehlman J. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. Journals: 1. and Smith D. R. New Delhi. Sharma. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. New York. Hays H.II 1. 1989 Plant Breeding . 11. and Khna S. Pvt. Singh R. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. Salt and Other stresses. J. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. D. R. and Hamblin J. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 7. Kalyani Publishers. Plant breeding. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Singh. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. Ltd. 8. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. W. K. 12. . Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Rosielle A. 17. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. Kalyani Publishers. Ludhiana.Special Paper. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. Sharma J. Journal of Genetics 3. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 5. Bulm A. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. Co. 10. Levitt J. 21: 932-946. Micke A. D. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. New York. D. 18.. 15.R. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. Ltd. FAO/IAEA Symposium (Vol 1&2)Vienna 6. Caryologia 6. 7. Siddiqui B. Immer F. and Singh B. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 4. Chopra V. A. 3.C. 2000. Cytologia 5. 2. Allard R. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Principles and practice of plant breeding. CRC Press Florida. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. 13. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 8. 9. 2. K.stress environments Crop Sci. A. Fehr W.Principles and methods. L.M. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 4. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 14. R. 16. Sc. B. Gamma Field Symposia No. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding .oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Academic Press. Vijendra Das L.

UNIT 2: 1) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. Global biodiversity. etc. Community Periodism. Determination of similarity index. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. Conservation of Biodiversity. 3. Study of population dynamics.Role of Different factors. Threats to Biodiversity. Ecotypes. community M.Global and Indian. 4. 2.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Indian Biodiversity (15) Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. Part II Syllabus… . E) Community as Indicator. Regulation of communities. Hot spots. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Determination of association index. Sc. 5. community stability.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Study of stratification and physiognomy. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. Biodiversity in India.Ecotone and Edge effect. Study of the Litter production. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. stratification. Genecology-Ecads.

Krebs C. J. and Churchill. et al (1994): Widening Perspectives on Biodiversity. (1973): Introduction to Plant Ecology. H. Hamdan. Krattiger. 7. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of Geobiosphere. G. Brij Gopal and Bhardwaj. K.K. N.1990) : The Biosphere. Yadav. J. T. Study of Vegetation by transect method. Levin. P. J. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Determination of IVI. Odum E.): Concept of ecology. Pandeya S. (1983): Plant Ecology. 8. Sc. Nair. S. Willis. E.. F. J. S. and Clements. (1979). S.): Biodiversity an Ecological Perspective. (1996) (4th ed. Study of community bisects. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. (1997): Progress in Ecology vol. S. A. S. E. (1996): Biodiversity: A biology of numbers and differences.Community function – Biomass production measurement. Greig Smith P. C. A. G. (1961): The Plant Community. (1990): Principles of Environmental Biology. Weaver. Galston. II. (1978) : Ecology. Puri. R. Part II Syllabus… .UNIT 6: 6. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. A. Kormondy E. D. and Chandel. Visit to local protected or conserved area. J. H. and Singh. (1997) (ed. P.. and Higashi. Shukla. (1979): Elements of Ecology. (1968) : Research methods in plant ecology. C. Suggested readings:• Abe. M. Walter. (1938): Plant Ecology. C. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. M. S. S. P. J. and Singh. K. I. (3rd ed. 10. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bradbury I. S. P. J. Misra K. Biomass profile for the community. 9.

Part II Syllabus… . use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. aneuploidy. classes of compounds and their biological significance. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. cluster analysis. genetic variations and plant systematics. Basic chromosome number. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. Cladastics and classification. NPC of pollen. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. Sc. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. antisera antibody. excrescences. unit characters. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. 7 cladogram. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. L/O pattern. chromosome morphology. precipitation reaction. OUTs. parsimony analysis. exine stratification. character coding. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. applications. 7 M. techniques. karyotype.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. ecological variations. chromosome banding. symmetry. chemical protein analysis procedures. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. palynogram. construction of taxonomic groups. techniques. phenons and ranks.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. techniques of protein electrophoresis. ECOLOGY. application of serological data in systematics. antigen. merits and demerits. scope and limitations. measurement of resemblances. discrimination. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. adaptations. serology and taxonomy: history.

SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Plantaginaceae. Lobeliaceae. SEM and plant surface stucture. Sc. INTERELATIONSHIPS. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. • • Study of chomosomes. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis M. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Burmanniaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. Unit-IV 10 MORPHOLOGICAL. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Orchidaceae. Dioscoriaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Pontederiaceae. Cuscutaceae. vessels. Costaceae. VARIATIONS. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Boraginaceae. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Asteraceae. Lentibulariaceae.

1979. M. Dioscoriaceae. Burmanniaceae.. Plantaginaceae. House. 1988. Asteraceae. 1984. and V. 1985. classification and identification of families: Gentianaceae. Part II Syllabus… . A. G. U.Unit-II • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. Lentibulariaceae. S. Sc. Boraginaceae. Angiosperms. Ind. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Embryology of Angiosperms. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy.) Allen Press. • Cronquist. Today and Tommorow Publications. New Dehli. • Johri. Plant Anatomy. 1952. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.S. B. S. Erdtman. (Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. H. H.A. P. and Bhatnagar. M. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Cuscutaceae. Columbia University Press. 1984. • Cronquist. Sc. P. New Delhi. • Erdtman. • • Fahn. New York.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. A. Lobeliaceae. Sketching. Heywood 1991. Co. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. • Maheshwari. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. G. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. 1952. New Delhi. New York. P. Angiosperms. • Davis. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. Hafner Publ. 1981. Nat. Stockholm. Almquist and Wiksell. Costaceae. Pontederiaceae. New Delhi. Acad. Vikas Publ. S. Tata McGraw Hill. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

• Taylor. 1956. Donald. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. K.Sunderland. Muktesh Kumar [ed. V. New Delhi.F. Sc.) Butterworths. S. Kollogg. D. K. Springer-Verlag. 1951. New Delhi. 1966. M. Pollen Biology. and N. 1992. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed.. L. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. A.. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Oxford and IBH Publ. • Shivanna. V. USA. Evolution and Phylogeny. Blakie Academic & Professional. Ltd. New Delhi. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. • Lawrence George H. and M. • Naik. Ltd. • Quicke. and L. K. S. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. and M.• Manilal. K. E. Co. • Nair. Stevens P. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. • Paech. J. Rangaswamy. 1984. P. Cmpbell C. Massachusetts. London. INC. Plant Systematics. Vol-I & II. V.A Laboratory Manual.] 1998. and M. Flowering Plants: Origin. R. Tracey. Pvt. New Delhi . • Judd Walter S. M.Publishers. J. New Delhi. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. Donoghue 2008. 1993. 1980. Part II Syllabus… . DST. S. Hickey 1997. S. Periodical Expert Book Agency.. J. London. N. Sinauer Associates. K.

Essential elements. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Membrane transport under salinity. in mangroves. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. selective ion absorption. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. vitamins for growth of algae. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes.46 BO-3. Part II Syllabus… . Uptake. Salt glands in mangroves. Role of aspartate.M. of these compounds. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Sc. Leaf succulence. Photosynthetic enzymes. 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Significance of vivipary. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Chemical structure. Sc. properties and extraction of Agar. photosynthetic rate. Metabolic role of essential nutrients.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Photorespiration.light absorption. Accumulation of free amino acids. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Factors affecting. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. Ultrastructure of salt glands. Availability in sea water. effect of low light condition. Induction of CAM.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. 5 MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution.

J. Cambridge University Press.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. 7. (1985) : Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. Stewart. phycobilins etc. London. Jackson D. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. (1982) : The Biology of Marine Plants.PRACTICAL COURSE II UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. Waisel Y. c) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. carotenoids. d. M. R. Lobban. (1974) : Algal Physiology & Biochemistry. b) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. IInd edition Pergamon Press. 8. J. London and New York. b . UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. & Harrison. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suggested Readings :1. W. 3. Edward Arnold Publishers. (1973) : Handbook of Phycological & Biochemistry. Stein. Chapman. D. chlorophyll a. V. A. F. 4. V. 9.Lumnitzera etc. S. (1972) : Biology of Halophytes Academic Press. Ring M. Part II Syllabus… . e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. Sambamurthy. Sc. 6. S. d) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. Plenum Press. Gerald. (2005) : A Text Book of Algae. S. (1972) : Algae and Man. e) Determination of organic matter content from sediment. E. P. (1976) : Costal Vegetation. J. New York. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. C.c. 5. 2.

b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. 4. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). synthesis. 6. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. Part II Syllabus… . its modification. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. DNA sequencing. Sc. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. 7&8. construction of chimeric DNA. molecular probes. b) Immunology (5). gene synthesis machines (10). Practical (2 Units. chromosome walking and jumping (9). cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2).SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. Unit 4: a) Genomics. Any 8) 1. Gene amplification. 5.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. 12. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). dot and slot blots. 13.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. protoplast technology (5). c) Molecular research procedure. southern northern and western blotting. application. Theory (4 Units.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. 9&10 11. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). basic PCR. 2&3. Unit 3: a) Isolation. DNA polymorphism (7). Techniques of restriction mapping.

India.and Ahuja.Gene Biotechnology. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Joshi. 5. 2000. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. 1996. P. Gupta.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Mitra.Molecular Biotechnology. India. Part II Syllabus… . India ltd. and Pasternak.Special Paper II: 1.1997.l. H. Kakralya.Agrobios. Jogdand.principles and practice. 7. Elements of Biotechnology. Genetic Engineering. M. 2. Meerut. New Delhi.1998. S. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Mumbai.J. International Book Distributing Co. B. S. Washington 3.1994.N. Himalaya Publishing House.Mcmilan.S. Rastogi Publisher. ASM Press. Sc. India. I. Glick. Chavala. 4. 6.2001. J. P. 1998.R.Agrobotanica.K. B.

modern concept of electron lipids. (06) transport and ATP synthesis.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 1. carbon assimilation. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. 4. Rubisco. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. mechanism of electron and proton transport. regulation of nitrogen fixation. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. Sub classification of C4 plants. (09) (06) M. gibberellin. (09) and modification of CAM. cytokinin. significance of photorespiration. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. reduction and assimilation. 2.1. Nitrogenase. passive and active solute transport. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Unit -III 5. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. ethylene and ABA. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. “nif” genes. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. glyoxylate cycle. phloem loading and unloading. membrane transport of proteins. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 3. transamination. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. photooxidation of water. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. transport. Sulphate uptake. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus.the Calvin cycle. Part II Syllabus… . Sc. Inhibitor of respiration. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. Anaerobic respiration.

The flowering process: Photoperiodism and its significance. role of vernalization. receptors and G. freezing and heat stress. 8) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. specific signaling mechanisms. e. (06) Unit –IV 7. metal ion stress. 9) Study of nitrate reductase in plants.proteins. Part II Syllabus… . Unit –II 6) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination M. 5) Study of enzyme lipase. with paper chromatography. floral induction and development.genetic and molecular analysis. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. endogenous clock and its regulation. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 1) Study of enzyme ATPase 2) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. 7) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. Sc. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. phospholipids signaling.6. 4) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. (09) 8. 3) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit.g. protein kinases and phosphatases. role of cyclic nucleotides. salinity.

(1996) Plant Physiology. Devlin. Salisbury.M. II. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. Pessarkli M. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. II and III. II nd Edition.N. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.P. 10. F. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. Sc. 5. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.(1990): Plant Physiology. 16. (1969. Gregory. Wilkins. Beevers. Bonner. 3. 8. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. G. and Fritz. M. Salisburry.A. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology.E. F. III. 17. Comprehensive M. J. E. 14. 6. Krishnamurthy.I. 11. 15. and Varner. W. R. H. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. G.N. Marschner. (2004): Plant Physiology. (1971): The biology of Flowering. H. Levitt. Taiz L. 13. 4. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. Mukharjee S. A Treatise Vol.B. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.Reference Books1. 12. and ghosh A. J. and Conn.R. Part II Syllabus… . 2. 7. Miller. F. IX and XII. J. Epstein. E. and Zeiger F. 9.V.B. G. and Ross.B. IV. Noggle. Stump.

(05) 4. pollen tube.microbes interaction. 3. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. generative cell. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. consequences and significances of (04) (04) (06) molecular aspects of SAM. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 2. nucellus. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . root hairs. central wall. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. Eggs. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. embryo culture and their significance.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. 7.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. 6. Stigma surface proteins. Part II Syllabus… . Lateral roots . Post fertilization events. antipodal. (04) 3. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. causes. ovary. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. endosperms. Sc. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 1. M. 4. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 1. Unit –II 5. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Causes. experimental induction and partial importance. Vesscular tissue differentiation .Determination. Chemotropism. Application:Utility in systematics. Polyembryony: Classification. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. root. Pollen wall proteins. pollen wall. apomixis. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell.(04) 2.

3. 4. microfossil groups and oil exploration. pollen and spore allergy. M. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. and L. properties of pollen. 7. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T.to Paleopalynology : Principles. 5. 6. Jussieua etc. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. trichomes. Examine of L. stomata. Agropalynology: Pollen viability.) origin of lateral roots . types of stomata .foraging behaviour of bees . Tabacco. aerial roots of banyan . Aeropalynology: Principles. 2.S.S. Citrus) Anatomy: 1. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. Part II Syllabus… . Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe.Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. 2. Study of polyembryonic seeds. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. techniques. (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. Sc.S. pollen calendar and importance. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. (02) (02) (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 1. pollen analysis. Pistia. pollen germination. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. unifloral multifloral honey. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots 5. pollen storage and their significance. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. 4. (Mango. 3. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. application in crop productivity.

M A. Cutter. M. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy.Res.Rev.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. C R and L Chalk.L. G. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. B M. 4 5 Study of allergic plants and their pollen. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. and M C Danials. Stanley. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. A. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. Biochemistry management Shivanna. Part II Syllabus… . P. K. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons Solender. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. Bot. P. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. 40:2157 Emmes. Bot. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. E J. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. K. structure Anatomy: Barnova. Fahn. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. R G and F. R.Palynology: 1 2 3 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora .53:53-79. Sc.1965: Physiological Masueth. H. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. Easau.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. J D.

1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. structure and function. Part II Syllabus… . G. Gregory. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. A Laboratory manual.Palynology Cunningham. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. Heslop-Harrison. P H. K. Pandey and Chadha. S T. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. Fageri. K and J Inversen. Nair. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Tilak. Nair. Y. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. Erdtman. . Sc. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. Bhattacharya.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy.

Salt stress . Effect of ROS on metabolism. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. (05) 6.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Phytoremediation. Radiation stress . Transgenic approaches. Drought hardening. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. (08) 2. (09) (07) 4. Mechanism of stomatal action. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Part II Syllabus… . Unit –III 5. Causes of soil Salinization. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. (05) (06) M. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants.Nature of waterlogging stress. Sc. Mechanism of UV tolerance. Wetland and non wetland species. Flooding stress . Transgenic approach. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Water stress . zinc).Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions.4. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. Unit –II 3. Antitranspirants. Cold hardening.Generation of reactive oxygen species. Ionic stress . (05) 7. Photoprotection mechanisms. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O.Definition of saline soil.60 Unit –I 1. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. Oxidative stress . Thermal stresses . Transgenic approaches.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. Role of HSP. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Effect of UV radiations on plants. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants.

Practicals:Unit –I 1) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 2) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. 10. 4. M. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. 9. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. Fitter. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. Fageria. 6. 8. D. (06) 9. Hale. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. T.C. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology.Unit –IV 8. A.M. S. 5) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. T. 3) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. and Hay. R. U.(1992): Maximizing crop yield.(1972): Crop Physiology. K. Allelopathy. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. Evans. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. L. Kozlowski. M. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. (1972): Crop Physiology. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. 2. U. of disease resistance. N. 5. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. S. 7. Sc. and Orcutt. Cherry. Biochemical mechanism (09) Suggested readings:1. 3. K. H. M. Gaseous stress . Gupta. Part II Syllabus… . 4) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. Gupta. Unit –II 6) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. J.T. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. S.

Taiz L. M. J. 12. Rice. Turner. I & II. 29. Journal of Experimental Botany. Environmental pollution. Paleg. P.11. and Aspinal. 24..C. and Gale. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology.K. and Zeiger F. 15. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. E.J. L. C. Sc. and Cramer. Sane P. 17. Levitt. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Y. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology.. 22. 23. 21.G. Mehrotra. 20. and Agarwal P. 25.G. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. Upeke. 19. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). Asana. and Sarin M. Pojakoff Mayber A. W. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. (1980): Plant Pathology. 18. K.V. I. 28. H. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. McLaren. 26.N. N. C.Pessarkli. (1969. and Gupta. Mansfield. Pessarkli. J.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. M. M.S. Everymans Science. 13. K. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. (1982): Tropical tree crops. Bhargava S. Nickell.D. J. R. Sharma. NY. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. N. S. 16. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Marschner. Plant Physiology (USA). (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. L. Srivastava. (1975): Plants in saline environment. L. R. Part II Syllabus… . Sinha S. S. Marcel Dekkar Inc.K. L. Yawalkar and Agarwal.S. D.A. 14. Manures and fertilizers. 27.

Perlite and manure spawn. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. Sc. UNIT-II 4. 05 3. cost benefit analysis. M. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. 9 & 10.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. 6. UNIT-II 7 & 8. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Study of strain maintenance using different methods.improvement. UNIT. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production.development and their maintenance. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. diseases and their control. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. Preparation of spawn: Grain.Semester. 4. 2. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms.. Production of Ergot alkaloids. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. 5 & 6.I 1. Part II Syllabus… . Commercial fungal strain : selection. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. Pleurotus spp. 7. Cultivation of mushroom. 15 Practicals (2 Units. Edible fungi. 3. 2.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT.III 5. 11 & 12.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus.

and Gaze. (1975): Mould.P.O. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. A.S.T. J.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. C. Singer.D. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism.:The filamentous fungi Vol.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. Rhodes. J. 12.(1961): Industrial Microbiology. and Barry.S. . Chang.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization.W.G. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. and Fletcher.H. 7. Onions.REFERNCE BOOKS: 1. 8.F. Dodge. and Dunn. Fletcher.R.T.(1935):Industrial Mycology. Casida. Smith. S.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology.L.D. 4. 9. Prescott. 15.D. Sc.D. 19. and Hays.White. 5. G.I Industrial Mycology Vol. A.(1959): Industrial Microbiology. 6.M. 13. W. Gray.D. Whipps.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms..J. (1964): Industrial Microbiology.Jr. L. 16.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture.R. 14. 3. Part II Syllabus… . 17. R.E. Lodder. 2. 10. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms.M. 11.H.A. Allsopp and H. Christensen.II and III.W.C.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing.(1970): The Yeast. J. A.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism.F. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. Rose. M.H. 18. and R.C.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. Aneja K. R. D. 20. W. Barger.

production of recombinant DNA molecules. Study of southern blotting (02). 12. 3. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). Practical (2 Units. Transformation. conjugation and Transduction. Media preparation for microbial cultures. Isolation. Sc. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Genetic exchange in bacteria. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). genetic recombination in phage. M. 7.III) B O 4.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. Post transcriptional. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. Study of transformation (02). Part II Syllabus… . In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15).SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Genes from plastids and nuclei. Any 8) 1. amplification using vectors. 9. 2. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). construction of genomic libraries. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). coli. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. T4 genetic map. translational.an overview (Mutants. 10. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. Study of bacterial transduction (02). RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). using phagemid vectors. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. culturing and growing E. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). fine structure and deletion mapping). Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. 5. coli and Agrobacterium. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways.

L. Gupta P. Latchman D.. 4. California USA. Alberts B. 6. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. H. Wadwith Publishing Co. Part II Syllabus… . Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 5. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. F. Caryologia 5. New York. 2000 Genes IV. Lewin. 12. Journal of Experimental Botany 7. M. T. Cytologia 4. 9. Pvt. J. John Wiley and sons Singapore. and Cummings M. Suzuki D. Singh B. K. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. D. Concepts and Implications. 8. New Delhi. K.. New Delhi. Journals: 1. Stickeberger M. VI. B. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. . 11. Ltd. Klug W. New Delhi. Sc. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 6. S. 7. A. Merrill Publishing Company London. Jain H. 10. Miller J. New York. Oxford University Press. Annual review of Microbiology 2. Brown T. H. Griffith A.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1999 Genetics Principles. W. Ltd. S. 6th Edition W. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. Freeman New York. C. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 3. Unwin Hyman Publication London. Charles E. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical M. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. 2.III 1. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. 3. R. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. M. Viva Books Pvt. Lewontin R. V. and W. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. 1998 Genomes. Twyman R. Wolfe S.

species environment (microclimate). Working model.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 1. (7) UNIT 2: 4. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram.Conceptual model. (8) 8.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. 2. 6. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Bisects. leaf area index 5. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . 10. seed (5) germination. Sc. Global primary productivity patterns. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). UNIT 4: 9. Transects. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7.SPECIAL PAPER-III BO-4. Energy from wastes. physical anatomy. (3) 3. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Biological methods. Hydrogen fuel. Ecosystem modeling. Biomass production by the species. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. (5) distribution. Part II Syllabus… . Methods of primary productivity measurements. geographic (LAI). techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Conservation of energy ` (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) M.

4.Practicals. Part II Syllabus… . Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Study of population growth curve. aquatic M. Use of ecological model in the field study. Study of Leaf Area Index. 8. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. Determination of calorific value of wood. Ecological data collection for computer use. UNIT 6: 6. 2. 9. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. Setting up an ecological model. 5. 10. 3. Sc. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. 7. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. Study of rooting of the cuttings. 11.

P. Grims J. R. (1989) : Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical methodology. and Das R. (1973): Principles of Environment Sciences. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology.K. Greig Smith P. Krebs C. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. Odum E. A. J.1990) : The Biosphere. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. Kershaw K. E. (1978) : Ecology. Odum E. P. Watt K. J. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology.K. M. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. R. (1996) : Concept of ecology. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. (1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (3rd ed. Kormondy E. Misra K. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. F. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development.M. (1971) : Ecology. Lieth H. P. Freedman H. Bradbury I. F. Sc. C. Misra R. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. I. C. Pandeya S. Part II Syllabus… . et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Das S.

William Griffith. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. dictionaries. its role in research and teaching. Parkinson. Thomas Thomson. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. J. cultivated and economic plants.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. analysis and data presentation. review serials. dates of publication. Fyson. 5 M. John Koenig. concept of species. Buchnan. cenospecies. training and conservation of plants. bibliographies. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. methodology. concept of genus and family. dictionaries and addresses. Santapau. biosystematic categoriesecotype. glossaries. maps and cartography. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. C. computerized keys. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. Duthie. Wallich. Gamble. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). concepts of species. location of type specimens.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. Robert Wight. Brandis. Biological and alternative species concepts. periodicals. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. methods in biosystematic studies. 5 camparium. T. steps in biosystematic study. monographs and revisions. Part II Syllabus… . catalogues. color charts. John Burman.Nominalistic. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. Sc. Roxbugh. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. tabular and lateral keys. N.Semester IV B O-4. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. ecospecies. scope and limitations. biographical references. outstanding botanical libraries. Haines. world floras and manuals. Prain. D. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. Robert kid. Cooke. Van Rheede. their merits and demerits. Typological. acosta.

Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae. Tiliaceae.quantum.8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation. Caricaeae. Pandanaceae. Arecaeae. Passifloraceae. Passifloraceae. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions. speciation and evolution of species. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Clusiaceae. SYSTEMATIC 5 POSITION. • • • Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. catastrophic. Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . Araceae. Salicaeae. Lecythidaceae. Lemnaceae. Mayrean. Sketching. geographic. M. Caricaeae. Arecaeae. Araceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Tiliaceae. Salicaeae. Bigoniaceae. Bigoniaceae. Pandanaceae. local ecological. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Lecythidaceae. phyletic.

Wiley Eastern limited. k. Plant Systematics. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Stevens P. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. 1981.A. New York. Blakie Academic & Professional. New Delhi . USA. Ltd. and V. 1994.. R.. (2ed.Publishers. Plant Breeding Systems. • Cronquist. 1951. M. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. New Delhi. • Davis. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Sinauer Associates. Today and Tommorow Publications. Part II Syllabus… . Sc. Pvt. • Endress Peter. • • Richard.Sunderland. • Taylor. A. A. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Evolution and Phylogeny. Oxford and IBH Publ. Massachusetts.Selected Readings • Cronquist. 1984. N. E. Dehra-Dun. L. and M. New Delhi. London. K. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. 1993. R. 1988. • Lawrence George H. INC. M. J. Cambridge. Donoghue 2008. Heywood 1991. Donald. S. Hickey 1997. Rao. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. V. Co. and B. J. A. V. New Delhi. H. • Shivanna. CBS Publishers & Distributers. D.S. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin. J. Johri 1985. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. J. H. • Judd Walter S. P. Kollogg. Columbia University Press.) Allen Press..) Chapman and Hall. U. Cmpbell C. M. • Quicke. 1994. and L.F. • Naik. New Delhi. A. R. Ltd.

Human impact. Detritus based food chain. tidal action.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. pesticide. 10 CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. waves. Oil.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . affecting. O2.M. Anatomical. Threats and conservation measures. nutrients) Physical ( light.floral and faunal components. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India .Chemical (salinity. Abiotic factors . UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. ocean floor)factors. Sc. Sea as an environment. distribution and types. 9 UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. Natural and anthropogenic stress . diversity. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. physiological. Part II Syllabus… . morphological adaptations in mangroves. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Biomagnification. Ecological significance. distribution. Toxic metal pollution. sewage. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. sources and impact. Calcification. reef algae. 5 10 5 10 5 PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. Concept of Marine Park. Biotic factors . Estuaries. temperature. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Types of Coasts. Sc. CO2. wind. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. Oceans. Role of phytoplankton. factors M.

23: Agromicrobes. Chand and Co. Lobban. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. Sundar bans. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. Dwijendra Narayan Guha . (1994). H (1974). Current trends in life science. Sc. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. C. • • McConnaughey. Kumundrajan and Rathindranath Mandal (1999). Suggested Readings :• • • • • Chapman. • Pandey B.V. Publ. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. & Harrison.. J (1985). (1976). Dawson (1960). Naskar. I and II. Marine Botany Physiology and Ecology of Seaweeds. An Ecological Perspective.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. Ltd. E. Daves. c) Study of salts glands. Marine Botany. S. Algae . P. New Delhi. Naya Prakash. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. (1985).Cambridge University Press. Vol. Kumudranjan. S. M. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. sclerides in mangroves . e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. salinity. J. Gerald. Today and Tomarrow. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. Introduction to Marine Biology.P. J. and chlorinity of seawater .B. II nd edition Pergamon Press. trichomes. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. Costal Vegetation.C. pH.Bakshi. Vol. New York. Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves. Mangrove Swamps of the • Naskar.

Springer. Rao and D. (2002).J. Cambridge University Press. (1981) Elements of Marine Ecology. Laboratory Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Kuala Lumpur. R. V. C. & Gadre. P. New Delhi. Zha. V. Today and Tomorrow . Current Trends in Life Sciences Vol. R. (1988). (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Soepadmo. Maita. Silviculture and Conservation. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Sea Water Analysis. R. R.23. N. J. Proceedings of Asian Symposium. Saenger.Y & Lalli.. Part II Syllabus… . M. T. Sc. Mangrove Ecology. • Ranade.• Parsons. (1999). M. M. • • • Round Ecology.N. . A. Tait.E. Agromicrobes. • • • Stein. Mangrove Environment Research Management. R. D. Publi. Macintosh (1988).

and other related improvements in forest species Eg. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). Bioreactor. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). (5). biotransformation. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. 10. Preparation of biofertilizers. 8&9. Practical (2 Units. 7.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. Applications in public sector (2). Cell suspension culture. Anther. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Part II Syllabus… . cell cultures. reporter genes (4). orchids. 5. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. (8). Somatic embryogenesis. cell suspension. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15).37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. embryo culture. Gene banks (5). Sc. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. Study of transgenic plants. Hairy root culture. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. 2&3.III) B O 4. M. selectable markers. Factors affecting product yield. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. c) Molecular farming. Theory (4 Units. Ficus etc. edible antibodies (6). Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. Study of synseeds. edible vaccines.Secondary metabolites from callus. 4. Any 8) 1. Tectona. 11. 6. Pinus etc.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms.

P.Ltd. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.. Pvt. Srivastava. India.l. General microbiology. Cambridge University Press.1994. H.G. Agricultural Biotechnology. 4. International Book Distributing Co. New Delhi.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Jodhpur. S. K.Molecular Biotechnology. J. Trehan. I. ASM Press. D. A. B.Microbial biotechnology. Marcel Dekker. Meerut.and Venkataraman. 3.1997.V. H. New York. and Pasternak. 2.S. 9.M. M. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.R. Sc. Kakralya. 6.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. Purohit. and Reddy. H. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Glick. 8.K. Elements of Biotechnology. G. Ravishankar. Gupta. Schlegel. India.Wiley Eastern Ltd. Part II Syllabus… .and Ahuja. Washington.Agrobios.1997. Scientific Publishers.1995. Rastogi Publisher. New Delhi. 5.K. Reddy. India. 2000. B. S. Chavala. Altman.1994.Suggested readings : 1. 1998.A..2001. P. New Delhi..J. L.Biotechnology.R. 7. 1998.

Factors controlling crop productivity. Biofertilizers. Sc. Role of PGRs in flowering. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. (06) (09) 4) Reproductive physiology:. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) Ethylene and post harvest physiology. Part II Syllabus… . sex determination and fruit development.Semester-IV B O – 4. (09) M. Physicochemical properties of soil. lime and gypsum as soil additives. Harvest index. Factors influencing mineral uptake.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1) Crop growth and its regulation. Unit –II 3) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. CO2 as a fertilizer. Foliar applications of mineral elements.Physicochemical properties of soil. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. Biotonics. (06) 2) Nutriophysiology . Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status.Photoperiodism and vernalization.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture.

Practicals:Unit –I 1. U. Gupta. 32. 30. Sc. LAR.4) Determination of N. T. weedicides and their mode of actions. LAI. R. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. L.(1972): Crop Physiology. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:25. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. U. 29. Fitter. 31.M. (1972): Crop Physiology. Part II Syllabus… .(1992): Maximizing crop yield.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. S. 8) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. 28. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. M. H. A.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. M. K. J. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. etc. 33. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. N. NAR. and Orcutt. Fageria. Cherry. 27.) 3. D. 26. 7) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. Hale. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. 34. Invading weeds. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. M. S. Evans. K. Kozlowski.C. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status).T. Gupta. and Hay. S. T.

D. 27.A. I & II. Turner. Manures and fertilizers.G. and Cramer. McLaren. I. J.. 45. Levitt. M. S. 29. 42. and Sarin M. Sane P. J. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Journal of Experimental Botany. Nickell. NY. (1982): Tropical tree crops. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 44. (1975): Plants in saline environment. C. K. L.C.K. Pessarkli. M. Yawalkar and Agarwal. Paleg. 26. 25.N. H. and Aspinal. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. D. S. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. Marcel Dekkar Inc. 47. 36. (1980): Plant Pathology. 37. and Zeiger F.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. Environmental pollution. P. Sharma. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. J. K. E. N. Plant Physiology (USA).K.G. 48. (1969. L. 39. 41. Upeke. W. 40.V. L. C. 43. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. R. Sinha S. Rice.J. Mehrotra. L. N. Asana. M.S. Bhargava S. 38. Pojakoff Mayber A. and Gupta. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. and Gale. Mansfield. Part II Syllabus… . Everymans Science. Marschner.Pessarkli.S.. 28.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. R. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Sc. Taiz L. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Y. 46. and Agarwal P. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Srivastava.35.

VA-Mycorrhiza. pathogens and their management.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Soybean (Mosaic). Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. soil. plant treatments of Fungicides. international approach. uptake and mode of action. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Sunflower (Downy mildew). Wheat (Rust and Bunt). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Culture methods. avoidance of pathogen. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). Cotton (Angular leaf spot). contact and 10 05 Systemic fungicides. UNIT-III 4 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Methods of disease diagnosis. 15 UNIT-IV 5. Glomus. Sc. Chemical methods. isolation and identification of Pathogens. Citrus (Canker). formulation and classification of fungicides. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot).harzianum. Seed certification. T. Trichoderma viride. Biological control Agents. seed. Grapes (Powdery mildew. Downy mildew). UNIT-II 3. Potato (Early and late blight).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. symptomology. Banana (Blight). Pseudomonas flurescans. Anthracnose. fungicide resistance in plants. field observation. 2. Part II Syllabus… . Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). 15 15 M. Tomato (Early blight).Bajara (Green ear). breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Quarantine laws. Pigeon pea (Wilt). Rice (Blast).

Collection and preservation of plant diseases. Gangopadhyay. Ny Vall.E. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases.Ltd.F.F. F.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. R.9 & 10. 6 & 7. S.S. Pvt.(1963): Plant Diseases. 5. and P. S. 11 & 12. Part II Syllabus… . Mehrotra R. Kenneth M. R. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. 6. 9.(1980): Plant Pathology 7. D. 3.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. 11.T.Practicals (2 Units. S.K.C. M. Singh. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. Symptomology. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. G. UNIT-II 5. 2. 2 & 3. 8. 8. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. R. 4.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. Sc.B. 4 & 5. Agrios.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). REFERENCES BOOKS 1. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. Padoley.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology.N.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology. 10.S.

Cell line culture 4. 5.an overview: Mapping. Study of DNA markers using RAPD M. Protoplast fusion and culture. b) Genomics. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Any 8) 1. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. operation. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. expression vectors. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. Human genome project. Yeast. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). 12. Hairy root culture 6. selection of the transformed host cells. 7. maintenance and management (5).43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. b) Transgenics. Practical (2Units. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. structures of host gene. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. Cloning vectors. 2. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. 3. Drosophila. 9. Ti. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. Somatic embryogenesis 10. Sc. somatic embryogenesis. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. insertion of gene in vector. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. herbicide resistance. hairy root culture (5). Shuttle vectors.plasmid. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. Bacteriophages.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Isolation of genomic DNA. cell line isolation. Gene cloning using PCR 8. Part II Syllabus… . resistance against plant viral diseases. transformation. production of secondary metabolites. cellular hybridization. cloned gene expression (6). somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). Bacterial. constructing chimeric DNA (7). c) Isolation of the desired gene.

K. 10. 13. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. Narosa Publication New Delhi. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. CRC Press. Brown T. D. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Plenum Press London. B. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. 1994 Plants. 3. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. Gustafson J.Special Paper. P. Razdan M. 19. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. N. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. W. Reinert J. K. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. 18. and Bhojwani S. Old R. 1996. A. K. Winkler. Lal R. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. USA. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Razdan M. 1999. 2. CRS press LLC. S. Ltd. 4. Kumar U. Pvt. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. 7. Tissue and Organ culture. 12. Vidhyashekaran P. Ltd. J. U. 8. and Gray D. 9. 2000 Plant cell. 6. and Primrose S. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. C. Genes and Agriculture. and Wackernagel W.IV 1. and Bajaj Y. 15. Ruger W. Chawala H. 5. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. P. 11. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. Chrispeels M. E. K. Trigiano R. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. 21. 1993. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. S. Sc. Manibhushanrao K. Pvt. Ltd. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Springer –Verlag. and Mahadevan A. P. 1999 Genomes. Pvt. M. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. Part II Syllabus… . S. J. and Lal S. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. R. 14. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. Singh B. Thimmaiah S. Gustafson J. Mitra Sandhya 1996. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. Elsevier Science. and Sadava D. 20. Ltd. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. 2000 Genomes. Razdan M. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. 17. and Cocking E. Gupta P. 1979. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 16. Singapore.

Graeme M. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 23. B. Anders Krogh. F. Journal of Plant Biotechnology 8. Mount D. Sean R. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. F.22. Wennacker Ernst L. Durbin R. 25. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Eddy. Andreas Bazevanis. 24. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . M. Francis Ouellette and B. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. W. 26. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 1.. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) 6.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Jagota A. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Cambridge University Press. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 5. Journal of Experimental Botany 4. Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology 7.

Vermitechnology. heat. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals : 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: A) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation.Role of plants and microbes. Nuclear winter. pesticides.Conservation and management. Air quality loss. heavy metals. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Waste management.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Sc. In India. Mining. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Oxygen sag analysis. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) M.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Nutrients. salts. Air pollution monitoring devices. (6) B) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Self purification of natural streams. Part II Syllabus… . Pathogens. Methodology. Carbon and world climates. causes and consequences. Vehicular and Industrial gases.44 PAPER.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . Recycling of resources.

9. (1994): Environmental Chemistry. Good. R. II Balkrishnan. W. et al (1978): Fresh water wetlands. 7. 8. H.M. (1988): Recent climatic changes: A regional approach. C. and Black. C. UNIT 5: 1. Dash. Study of garbage. J. and Bie. K. Study of Biological Indicators. Suggested readings:• • • • • • • • • Adriano. R. M. E. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. (1987): Environmental Conservation. (1989): Acidic precipitation. A. 2. Borgstrom. S. Oowen. J. (1994): Tropical Ecosystems. and Johnson. 10. Sc. vol. B. M. A. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. UNIT 6: 6. (1990): Waterfall Ecology. C. 4.. De. Misra K. Study of IUCN Red list categories. M. (1993): Fundamentals of Ecology. Lal. EIA study-I.Practicals. EIA study-II. D. M. Measurement of dust fall. 3. Part II Syllabus… . 5. Measurement of vehicular pollution. Study of wetland macrophytes. Gregory S.

means and ways for conservation. Malvaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Sahniocarpon.45 BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS Unit-I 1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil 9 angiosperms. biodiversity of India. pteridosperm theory. endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra. phytogeographic regions of the world. megacentres of endemism in India. Part II Syllabus… . probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory. theories of differentiation and natural selection. World organisation for conservation of biodiversity. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. geographical history. its importance. Indocarpa. gnetales-angiosperm theory. Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms. centre of origin. theory of tolerance. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism. loss and conservation. shifting of poles. categories. stachyospory-phyllospermae theory. Rhizopalmoxylon. Palmocarpon. assessment. Sahnianthus. coniferales-amentiferae theory. Musaceae: Musa cardiospermum.Palmae: Palmoxylon. Keystone and flagship species. Sonnertioxylon. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale. sacred grooves and their importance. Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity. caytonian theory. Guttiferae: Myrtaceae: Sahnipushpam. anthostrobilus theory. Daberocarpon. Sc. Tricoccites. 5 5 M. Time of origin of angiosperms. Pandanaceae: Viracarpon. Sonnertiorhizos. Land Bridges. Unit-II 2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of India. Harissocarpon. Chitaleypushpam. types and areas of natural distribution. pentoxylales theory and durian theory. Red List categories of IUCN. Gramineae: Graminocarpon.IV) B O-4. Cradle of angiosperms. Enigmocarpon. ethical principles of conservation biology. 5 6 Continental Drift.Semester IV ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper.

cheiropterophily. Rhizophoraceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. tour report. Xyridaceae. Sketching. ) M. butterfly and wasps flowers. pollen. Loranthaceae. Hydatellaceae. Hydatellaceae. Sapindaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. androecium. fly. Apiaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. carpenter bee. ornithophily. fly. Santalaceae. Santalaceae. 15 Unit-II • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. butterfly and wasps flowers. entemophily-bee. anemophily. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. Typhaceae. moth. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. insects and fungi. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). sex distribution in plants. hydrophily. Carpenter bee. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. types of 15 pollination. Sc.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. Eriocaulaceae. style and stigma. pollination mechanism. Eriocaulaceae. Xyridaceae. moth. Polygalaceae. Apiaceae. Viscaceae. Loranthaceae. Viscaceae. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Typhaceae. Polygalaceae. biology of floral parts-calyx. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. Sapindaceae. corolla. Part II Syllabus… . ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. Co-evolution of angiosperms. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. (In second term of IV Semester. Rhizophoraceae.

J. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Part II Syllabus… .. Ltd.. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. P. V. Cambridge. (2ed. Hugh (ed. and V. Stevens P. 1993. 1988. 1951. k. S. New York. J. L. H. • Taylor. R.] 1998. 1994.S. New Delhi. Nepal and Bhutan. INC. 1996. London. E. Evolution and Phylogeny. New Delhi. and M. A. John Wiley & Sons. P. Oxford and IBH Publ.) 1980. • Endress Peter. A. M. K. Botanical Survey of India. • Shivanna. Palode. • Rao. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Today and Tommorow Publications.) Allen Press. New Delhi. Sinauer Associates. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation.Publishers. • Lawrence George H. R. Johri 1985. Blakie Academic & Professional. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. M. and M. Donald. and M. Dehra-Dun.Sunderland. Nayar. N. J. A. • Manilal. A. USA. Flowering Plants: Origin. Wiley Eastern limited. R. Plant Systematics. J. Donoghue 2008. 1987. • • Richard. New Delhi.) Chapman and Hall. • Quicke. DST. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Cmpbell C. M. V. M. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. New Delhi . Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. 1994. CBS Publishers & Distributers. 1984. • Synge. Massachusetts. K. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Plant Breeding Systems. Nayar. and L. S. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. P. M. D. • Cronquist. and B.. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. Ltd. 1981. New Delhi. Pvt. Kollogg. Co. Columbia University Press. Hickey 1997. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. • Judd Walter S. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. H. Kerala • Ahmedullah. 1997.A.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. • Naik. U. • Davis. S.F. Heywood 1991. Sc.

feed. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. modelling technique).46 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI ( SPECIAL PAPER IV ) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. PART II (SEMESTER IV) MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY BO-4. fodder. horticultural crops. Undaria .Gracilaria etc. 5 8 2 5 7 8 UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. potential genetic resources. Similarity index etc. Chemical preservation. oil crops. live stock. Industrial applications of seaweeds.crops. Mariculture of Porphyra . litter fall. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. Part II Syllabus… . Source of iodine. DIATOMS: Application and uses.Standing crop. Sc.M.Laminaria. gas exchange. . ornamentals. 7 8 M. Sc. Storage of specimen. pulses. Medicinal uses. cereals. Species diversity index. apiculture. Domestic bioresources .food . Use of GPS. timber. difficulties in getting axenic culture. medicinal products. Wild bioresources . COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. Herbarium technique. aquaculture. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. fire wood.

preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. II nd edition Pergamon Press. & Smol . M. Chapman. Bhosale. Delhi. R. Research foundation (2003). (1976).F. • Trainor.J. The Diatoms. Applications for Environment and Earth Sciences • Swaminathan M. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. R. (1972). S. Untawale. and similarity index of mangroves. (1985). d) Determination of S.(2005). Coral Reefs of India. Stoermer. • • Stein. ( A. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). V. E. Venkataramanjan K. • Krishnamurthy.G.D. Algae and Man. e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. New York. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. F. State of Art Report.Kolhapur.J. J. J. Phytoplankton of Indian Seas.G. (1987) . Seaweed Research and Utilization Association. Introductory Phycology. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. Costal Vegetation. R.V. Part II Syllabus… .Daya Publication Home. Jackson. Cambridge University Press. P. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. Biotechnology of Microalgae. Bioresources Status in Selected Costal Location. Sc. Plenum Press. Kannupandi. & Jegathanam. ENVIS Publication Series 2/98.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem.. Ramnathan. & Aspects of Marine Botany. • Santhanam.L. Mangroves of Maharashtra. Editor).F. Shivaji University.D. (Field Guide). National Bioresource Development Board (Department of Biotechnology) Govt. SUGGESTED READINGS:• • • • • Beck. Madras. Asso.N. (1998). of India. Marine Plants. T.. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC.I.

Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5).IV) B O 4. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. 3. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Patent of genes and DNA sequences. Sources of patent information. cooperative programmes (5). Practical (2 Units. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). Visit to Biotech firms. a case study (5). Food. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. 9&10. Part II Syllabus… . IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. Collection. Any 8) 1&2. Nif genes. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). M. Formulation of patent proposal. b) Patent systems in India. 8. 4&5. 11. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. b) Global biotech scenario. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants.47: APPLICATION. microbes in leaching of metals (10). wastewater treatment. Study of GMOs. public verses private enterprises. Symbiotic N2 fixation. Agro biotech fields.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Hup genes (5). Sc. Intellectual Property protection. Nod genes. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. 6&7. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation.

B. and Pasternak. Biotechnology in crop improvement.and Ahuja.Agrobios. Cambridge University Press. and Reddy. 4..principles and practice.l. Part II Syllabus… . 1998. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. H.IV 1.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents.S. Gupta. Agricultural Biotechnology. New Delhi. M. Jodhpur. Schlegel. 2. New Delhi.Molecular Biotechnology.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.III 1.M. S. 2000. 6. Genetic Engineering. Technology information.1997. New Delhi. Mitra. B. 6.R. Reddy. 1998. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).Suggested readings: Special Paper. Washington. Elements of Biotechnology. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. A. India. P. 2000. Meerut. Kakralya. Glick.R. Gupta. 4. Trehan. Altman. ASM Press. L. Agricultural Biotechnology. 7.J.. H.K. Purohit. Chavala. and Pasternak. India. 3. Scientific Publishers. J. H. Lecture notes on patents.A. ASM Press.V.Wiley Eastern Ltd. 1996.Microbial biotechnology. B. 8. 5.1994. Technology Bhavan. Altman.G. 9. Special Paper. India. Sc. India ltd.P. Glick.and Venkataraman.K. A. G.Mcmilan. New York. Marcel Dekker.Biotechnology. General microbiology. India. New Delhi.R. Pvt. 5.K.1994. S. K. Technology information. 1998.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Rastogi Publisher. D. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).Ltd.. Ravishankar.1997.J. Washington.2001. New York. 2002. Srivastava.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. International Book Distributing Co. S. 3. I. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.Molecular Biotechnology. 2. P. Elements of Biotechnology. Meerut.1994. J. Rastogi Publisher.1995. Marcel Dekker.

M. Part II Syllabus… . Sc.

Sc. Part II Syllabus… .M.

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

Sc.M. Part II Syllabus… .

Part II Syllabus… . Sc.M.

Genetics of host pathogen interaction. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. 11 & 12. application of immunological techniques. Respiration. gene for gene hypothesis. physiological specializations.Production of Pectolytic.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. UNIT-IV 5. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Sc. 4. Pectolytic. Amylolytic enzymes. 6. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. UNIT. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Bacteria and Viruses. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Piricularin. protein for protein hypothesis. Immunoglobulines. Bacterial. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. alternic Acid. antigen and antibody reaction. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. M.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. 8 & 9. Victorin.2 & 3.II 7. Part II Syllabus… . Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Cellulolytic . Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. Deficiency of micronutrients. aflatoxins. UNIT-II 3. Nucleic acids. Cell wall degrading enzymes . 2. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Proteins. 10. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Cellulolytic. Fungal and Nematode. Photosynthesis. Fusaric acids. Toxins lycomarsmine. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. 5. UNIT-III 4.

Uni. A.S.A. Epidemics and Control.R.S.E. Sc. Kuijit. Rangaswamy G.P.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. Gangulee.N.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management. H. R. Gangopadhyay S.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.M. Plank J.E. G.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Mahadevan.B.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. Plank.London and New York. and A.K. S. Aneja K. S. Ny vall.(1980) : Plant Pathology. Singh.U.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. Padoley. and P. and R.A. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology.J.S. Of California Press. Fiber and Oilplants.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). R. Paul Khurana. J. M.K. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. II.(1963): Plant Diseases.F. A. R. Part II Syllabus… .Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.A. S.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.

Triallele. partial diallele. Assessment of variability. 20. c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. Salinity. Selection under domestication. Generation mean analysis. 15. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). (02) (02). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 13. Genetic erosion. data storage and retrieval 14. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. Exploration and collection of germplasm. (2). Any 8) 11. Part II Syllabus… . seedling growth and on mitosis 12. M. (02). Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). b) Mutation breeding (5). Germplasm collection. Estimation of heritability 17. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). 16. Metroglif analysis. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. 19. Quarantine. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. b) Domestication. Genetic diversity (7). and Acclimatization of plants (2). Practical (2 Units. Designing field experiments 18. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). Drought. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. Heat and cold resistance (10).SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. Sc. cataloging. Introduction. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. D2 analysis. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) (02). Components of variance. Line tester. conservation and utilization (2).

1996 Plant chromosomes. Gupta P. Harti D.. and Young J. 16. and Nakayama S. Ltd. 25. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 23. Micke A. Merz T. Siddiqui B. Burnham C. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Ludhiana. 26. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. Part II Syllabus… . 18. Ltd. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. K. B. Burgess Publishing Co. 1998 Cytogenetics. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. Plant Breeding and Evolution. New Delhi 19. Hays H. Fikui K. 13. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA.. Swanson C. and Sinha S.R. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 22. 12. and Sinha U. and Khna S. Karp G. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. Immer F. New Delhi. 14.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Gupta P. Singh. Gamma Field Symposia No. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. Allard R. K. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. 20. Sinha U.I 11. S. Special Paper. K. 15. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. FAO/IAEA Symposium 1&2)Vienna 24.C. W. Kalyani Publishers. (Vol M. Swaminathan M. W. Plant breeding. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. Sharma. 17. Prasad G. Khush G. . 1999 Cytogenetics. R. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . R. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. L. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. and Jones E. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. A. Academic Press New York USA. Kalyani Publishers. S. New Delhi. 2000.. J. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd.II 19. New Delhi. Sc. 21. 20. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. P. New Delhi. D. and Smith D. Co. Rastogi Publication Meerut. 1973 Cytogenetics. Minnesota.Principles and methods. 1999 Breeding in crop plants.

R. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 10. Journal of Genetics 11. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 15. Ltd. K. 29. Part II Syllabus… . 33. New York. Levitt J. 30. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. 36. Caryologia 14. Salt and Other stresses. R. and Hamblin J. Fehr W. New York. Journals: 9. New Delhi. 1989 Plant Breeding . 35. A. Cytologia 13. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. 34.27. D. 21: 932-946. Bulm A. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. Kalyani Publishers. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. and Singh B. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. New Delhi.M. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 16. 28. Rosielle A. Chopra V. 31. Singh R. D. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. Sharma J. CRC Press Florida. Vijendra Das L. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 32. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Academic Press. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 12.stress environments Crop Sci. Poehlman J. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. Pvt.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. L. Sc.

UNIT 6: 17. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO.SEMESTER III Special Paper . 18. Study of EC and pH of the soil. Law of limiting factors. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. 22. waves.34 PAPER.T. 8. UNIT 2: 9. Determination of organic matter from soil. Soils: formation. SEMESTER III (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. Study of soil profile. TSS. 13.XI: ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 7. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. tides. winds. composition. Marine Environment. UNIT 3: 10. Determination of BOD at R. Fresh water Environment – Wind. ii. Study of wilting coefficient. 16. 12. 14. currents. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3.currents. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. UNIT 4: 11. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 12. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. 19. Water: Resources and Management.I ENERGY. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth.light. 15. EC. Sc. pH. Land use classification.Classification of climate climographs. TDS and TS). 20. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. Part II Syllabus… . Field visits to Industrial area. soil types of India. soil profile. planning and management. 21.

community Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) M.Global and Indian.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Hot spots. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. Community Periodism. Biodiversity in India. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. Regulation of communities.Ecotone and Edge effect.(SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY.Role of Different factors. Human Population Dynamics and predication. stratification. E) Community as Indicator. UNIT 2: 2) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. Conservation of Biodiversity. Ecotypes. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. etc. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. Global biodiversity. Threats to Biodiversity. Genecology-Ecads. community stability. Sc. Indian Biodiversity (15) (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. Part II Syllabus… .

UNIT 6: 16. Determination of association index. M. Study of population dynamics.Community function – Biomass production measurement. 13. Study of the Litter production. Biomass profile for the community. 15. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. 20. 12. Study of Vegetation by transect method. Determination of IVI. Study of community bisects. 17.UNIT 5: 11. 19. Study of stratification and physiognomy. 18. 14. Determination of similarity index. Sc. Visit to local protected or conserved area. Part II Syllabus… .

placentation. Part II Syllabus… . ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students. Oswald Tippo. seeds. species and infraspecific categories. Jean B. Forms of scientific names. Bentham and Hooker. inflorescence. De Jussieu. De Candolle. ovules. Pulle. Alfred Rndle. Thorne. seedlings and fruits. minor categories: genus. 4 2 THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000. Takhtajan. John Hutchinson. family. nodal anatomy. Albert Magnus. Gunderson. Otto Brunfels. Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson. pollen grains. B. 5 RECENT SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATIONS: By Armen L. flower. xylem and phloem. T. 5 Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat. Carl Skottberg. Karl Christian MezAugust A. Adoph Engler. Alpha and Omega taxonomy. Joseph Pitton de Turnfort. 4 3 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus. i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler. the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Bessey. leaf structure. P. 3 M. 5 7 TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa. 7 Unit-II 4 A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: The 10 evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity. the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein. A. general and special purpose classifications. R. Hans Hallier. Hayata. importance of taxonomy and need for classification. class. Sc. gynoecium. Karl Mez. Lyman Benson. G. taxonomy as synthetic discipline. Authur Cronquist. order.SEMESTER III B O-3. Andrea Cesalpino. Dahlgren and Robert F. de Lamarck. systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity. Jean Bauhin.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I) Unit-I 1 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts. hierarchical classification. John Ray.Charles E. androecium. M. M. major categories: division. Jerome Bock.

Piperaceae. Lauraceae. classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae. Priority. Nymphaeaceae. Magnoliaceae. Divisions. placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. Hydrocharitaceae. Basionym. Nomenclatural 7 terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype. Hydrocharitaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Alismataceae. Synonym. Sc. Homonym. Nymphaeaceae. Lauraceae. Alismataceae. syntype. ambiguous. illegitimate. Piperaceae. Casuarinaceae. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers. Moraceae. 15 Aponogetonaceae. isotype. Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules. Najadaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Effective and Valid publication. Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. Ranunculaceae. paratype. deposition of type. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added M. Lauraceae. neotype. principle of priority. Autonym. Tautonym. Moraceae. SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION. naked. Urticaeae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation. Najadaceae. • Descriptions. Alismataceae.8 NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]. stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. lectotype. Casuarinaceae. PHYLOGENY IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae. Nelumbonaceae. rejected and superfluous names. Aristolochiaceae. Dilleniaceae. Aristolochiaceae. Papaveraceae. Aponogetonaceae. Principles. Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Urticaeae. effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon. alternative. Nymphaeaceae. Scientific names-Correct name. Sketching. transfer of taxa. 15 ECONOMIC INTERELATIONSHIPS.

DST. Ltd. Hutchinson. • Lawrence George H. Co. • Quicke. Blakie Academic & Professional. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. D. Ltd. Kollogg.whenever necessary. Columbia University Press. Sunderland. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. • Cronquist. Part II Syllabus… . H. and M. Publishers. New York. P. V. 1951.S. • Davis. A. Donald.. J. New Delhi.. New Delhi. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New Delhi. London. CBS Publishers & Distributers. INC. J. A. A. K. Evolution and Phylogeny. Plant Systematics. E. J. S. M.. L. Stevens P. and L.A. New Delhi .) Allen Press. H. S. Heywood 1991. U. 1981. Sinauer Associates. Flowering plants. Sc. USA. Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist. M.] 1998. Judd Walter S. Flowering Plants: Origin. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Families of Flowering plants. New Delhi. 1988. J. and V. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. 1984. S.Origin and Dispersal. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Donoghue 2008. • Taylor. A. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. and M. Today and Tommorow Publications. • Naik. • Manilal. Cmpbell C. 1993. Massachusetts. V. • • • Takhtajan. Hickey 1997. Pvt. 1962. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy.F. N. 1959. Oxford and IBH Publ.

Cladastics and classification. L/O pattern.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. excrescences. antisera antibody. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. Sc. unit characters. techniques. discrimination. classes of compounds and their biological significance. construction of taxonomic groups. NPC of pollen. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. chemical protein analysis procedures. scope and limitations. phenons and ranks. ECOLOGY. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. merits and demerits. measurement of resemblances. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. karyotype. parsimony analysis. OUTs. Basic chromosome number. applications. application of serological data in systematics. genetic variations and plant systematics. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. antigen. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. techniques of protein electrophoresis. aneuploidy.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. exine stratification. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. precipitation reaction. Part II Syllabus… . adaptations.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. character coding. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. chromosome banding. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. ecological variations. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. serology and taxonomy: history. chromosome morphology. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. techniques. 7 cladogram. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. palynogram. 7 M. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. cluster analysis. symmetry.

Costaceae.. Sc. Burmanniaceae. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. SEM and plant surface stucture. Cuscutaceae. Plantaginaceae. VARIATIONS. classification and identification of families: 3 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 Cuscutaceae. Burmanniaceae. Sketching. Part II Syllabus… . Lentibulariaceae. Boraginaceae. Gentianaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Pontederiaceae. Lobeliaceae. • • Unit-II Study of chomosomes. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. Asteraceae. Dioscoriaceae. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). vessels. Boraginaceae. M. Asteraceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS. Orchidaceae. Unit-IV 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL. Pontederiaceae. Lobeliaceae. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Lentibulariaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. Costaceae. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Plantaginaceae. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. Dioscoriaceae.

New York. K. 1988. 1966. • Johri. Hickey 1997. Ind. Vikas Publ. • • Fahn. • Davis. B. P. Co. • Cronquist. 1952. • Cronquist. • Taylor. New Delhi . D. • Lawrence George H. S. V. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. S. K. H. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. Stockholm. U. M.S. L. DST. 1984. New Dehli. Ltd. Heywood 1991. CBS Publishers & Distributers. New Delhi. G. V. and V. New Delhi. Co. J. S. M. • Naik. 1985. P. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional. Muktesh Kumar [ed. H. K. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. • Nair. • Quicke. • Maheshwari. 1979. 1993. Embryology of Angiosperms. Acad. P. G. and M. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. S. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. 1952. Oxford and IBH Publ. Sc. New Delhi. P. A. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. and L. Nat. Erdtman. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. New Delhi. New Delhi. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Part II Syllabus… . Plant Anatomy. 1951. Angiosperms. 1981. Ltd. Periodical Expert Book Agency. M.] 1998. New Delhi. • Erdtman. Today and Tommorow Publications. N. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Angiosperms. Donald. A. Evolution and Phylogeny. J. • Manilal.) Allen Press. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. House. and Bhatnagar. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. New York. Flowering Plants: Origin. 1984. S. New Delhi. Pvt. 1984.(Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. Hafner Publ. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. London. Tata McGraw Hill.A. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. Columbia University Press. Almquist and Wiksell. Sc.

Sinauer Associates. Plant Systematics. Vol-I & II.. INC.. M. and M. S. E.F. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. Massachusetts. USA. K. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm.Sunderland. V. J. Stevens P. Donoghue 2008. S.Publishers. R.A Laboratory Manual. A.. Kollogg. Pollen Biology.) Butterworths. • Judd Walter S. Part II Syllabus… . and N. 1992. Springer-Verlag. Cmpbell C. and M. Sc. • Shivanna. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. Tracey. 1980. Rangaswamy. London. K. 1956.• Paech.

Marine phytoplankton. anatomical features. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3. Mangrove shores and forests. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. Sc.dinoflagellates. Dune vegetation. Estuary. Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification. 5 5 5 M. East and West coast mangroves. ultraplankton. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae . SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Benthos. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’. LICHENS. Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Lagoon and Delta. Nekton. Life histories of a few important species . 15 15 UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy. Chlorophyceae. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy. UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek. CORALS. Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae. ACTINOMYCETES. coccoliths. Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. adaptations. Part II Syllabus… . Brief idea of Plankton. Acanthaceae etc. ultrastructure.M. Sc. Distribution. morphology. MARINE FUNGI. nanoplankton. salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae). Myrsinaceae. cytology. Bacillariophyceae. FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. 6 5 4 UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy. distribution. Morphological and anatomical adaptations.

UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ M. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex. Sargassum etc.Caulerpa.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. Dictyota.PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Padina.Chaetomorpha. Gelidium . Hypnea etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. Enteromorpha.Halophila etc.Ipomoea etc. Part II Syllabus… . Ulva . Sc. Gracilaria.). c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. Bryopsis etc.

46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. PRACTICAL COURSE II 5 5 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Sc. Photorespiration. Role of aspartate.M. Photosynthetic enzymes. vitamins for growth of algae. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Sc. Uptake. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Significance of vivipary. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Ultrastructure of salt glands. Accumulation of free amino acids.Essential elements. Part II Syllabus… . in mangroves. Availability in sea water.light absorption.46 BO-3. properties and extraction of Agar. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Factors affecting. selective ion absorption. effect of low light condition. Chemical structure.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Induction of CAM. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. of these compounds. Leaf succulence. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. photosynthetic rate. Salt glands in mangroves. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Membrane transport under salinity.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Determination of organic matter content from sediment. carotenoids.c. Sc.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. chlorophyll a. b . d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. d. g) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. Part II Syllabus… .UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. i) UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves.Lumnitzera etc. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. f) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. phycobilins etc. h) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. M.

Cell suspension culture 10. Any 8) 1&2. b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture. axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10). meristem culture. cell line isolation (5). operation. synseed (4). sterilization technique. embryo rescuing. Sc. maintenance. Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture.37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE.SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Organogenesis 8&9. Unit 4: a) Green house technology. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses. c) Cell suspension culture. 11. c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling. laboratory design and development. d) Hairy root culture (4). Callus formation and its culture. b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2).I Theory (4 Units. operation and management (3). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture.I) B 0 3. Sterilization techniques (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) 4&5. its importance and future prospects (5). equipment and apparatus. Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture. Callus desiccation. selection (5). Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7). Practical (2 Units. agro based industries M. organogenesis. management (10). b) Cryopreservation. b) Somaclonal variation. Part II Syllabus… . Media preparation 3. procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Callus culture 6&7. conservation. factors influencing morphogenesis.

b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. DNA sequencing. construction of chimeric DNA.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. Techniques of restriction mapping. 9&10 11. Practical (2 Units. 13. chromosome walking and jumping (9). Part II Syllabus… . Unit 4: a) Genomics. gene synthesis machines (10).SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. application. cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. c) Molecular research procedure. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). synthesis. molecular probes. basic PCR. 6. 12. Theory (4 Units. 2&3. Any 8) 1. dot and slot blots. southern northern and western blotting.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. b) Immunology (5). Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). Sc. protoplast technology (5). sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. DNA polymorphism (7). its modification. Unit 3: a) Isolation. 7&8. Gene amplification. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. 5. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. 4.

and Ahuja.Gene Biotechnology. Part II Syllabus… . P. Chavala. 14. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. India. Washington 10.R. Kakralya. I. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Mumbai.principles and practice. Rastogi Publisher.Special Paper II: 8. New Delhi.N. 1998. ASM Press. Genetic Engineering. and Pasternak.J. J.Agrobotanica. India ltd.l. Biotechnology in crop improvement. H. 9.Mcmilan.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. M.S. Glick.K.1998. B. P.Agrobios. B. International Book Distributing Co. Sc. Jogdand.1997. Himalaya Publishing House. 2000. Gupta. 11. India. Mitra. S. 13. India. 12.2001.Molecular Biotechnology. S. Meerut.1994. 1996. Elements of Biotechnology. Joshi.

Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Unit -III 13. membrane transport of proteins. photooxidation of water. transport. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. passive and active solute transport. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. ethylene and ABA. Nitrogenase. 12. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. mechanism of electron and proton transport. significance of photorespiration. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 9.the Calvin cycle. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. Anaerobic respiration. Part II Syllabus… . carbon assimilation. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. Inhibitor of respiration. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. 10. glyoxylate cycle. Sub classification of C4 plants. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. “nif” genes. (09) and modification of CAM. cytokinin. phloem loading and unloading. The flowering process: M. regulation of nitrogen fixation. modern concept of electron lipids.1. reduction and assimilation. Sulphate uptake. (09) (06) 14. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. gibberellin. Sc. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 11. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. transamination.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. Rubisco.

salinity. role of cyclic nucleotides.Photoperiodism and its significance. 12) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. protein kinases and phosphatases. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. 19) Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination.genetic and molecular analysis. 16) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. (06) Unit –IV 15. floral induction and development. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 10) Study of enzyme ATPase 11) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. specific signaling mechanisms. Unit –II 15) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. freezing and heat stress. M. 18) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. e. Sc. (09) 16. with paper chromatography. Part II Syllabus… . two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. metal ion stress. 17) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. receptors and G. 14) Study of enzyme lipase. phospholipids signaling. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. 13) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. endogenous clock and its regulation.g.proteins. role of vernalization.

Levitt. 7. 8. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. (2004): Plant Physiology. Comprehensive M. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. Noggle. Bonner. 13. R.M. (1996) Plant Physiology. F. Part II Syllabus… . J. Mukharjee S.B. and Conn. IX and XII. (1969. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. and Ross. 9. Gregory. II nd Edition. III. H. Salisbury. Sc.Reference Books1.A. E.P. 15.E.V. E. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. F. H. Epstein. G. J. 10. 2. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. Miller. 5. G. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. and ghosh A. G. Krishnamurthy. Wilkins. and Varner. A Treatise Vol. Taiz L. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. 3. IV. and Fritz. M. 4. J. 14. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. Pessarkli M. Marschner. II.N. 6. and Zeiger F. F. II and III.R.(1990): Plant Physiology.I.B. 17.N. 16. Stump. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. Salisburry. Devlin. (1971): The biology of Flowering. W. Beevers.B. 11. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. 12.

generative cell. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. causes. pollen tube. ovary. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 6. Sc. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 8. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. (04) 9. Causes. nucellus. Stigma surface proteins. (04) (06) Unit –II 12. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Post fertilization events. apomixis.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE.Determination. Part II Syllabus… . abnormal male gametophyte and their function. experimental induction and partial importance. Eggs. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. Polyembryony: Classification.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. pollen wall. (04) M. 13. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. consequences and significances of (04) molecular aspects of SAM.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. Chemotropism. central wall. endosperms. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Pollen wall proteins. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. embryo culture and their significance. 14. (05) 11. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 5. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. antipodal. 10.

(02) (02) (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. Vesscular tissue differentiation .microbes interaction. techniques. 11. 8. 9.foraging behaviour of bees . Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. Tabacco. Part II Syllabus… . root hairs. 8. and oil exploration. pollen analysis. root. pollen germination. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. Application:Utility in systematics. properties of pollen. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo.7. 9. Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Citrus) Anatomy: 8. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Lateral roots . 10.to Paleopalynology : Principles. microfossil recovery theory and techniques.S. 7. pollen storage and their significance. Sc. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. M. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots Agropalynology: Pollen viability. 10. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. (Mango. microfossil groups Aeropalynology: Principles. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 6. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. pollen calendar and importance. and L. pollen and spore allergy.S. application in crop productivity. unifloral multifloral honey. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) .

types of stomata . R. Easau. K. 40:2157 Emmes. 14. J D. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. Biochemistry management Shivanna. Cutter. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. Part II Syllabus… . 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe.S. stomata. P. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. Bot. Palynology: 1 2 3 4 5 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora .L. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. Sc. and M C Danials. P. Study of allergic plants and their pollen. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons M. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari.Rev. A. trichomes. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. E J. Pistia. C R and L Chalk.) origin of lateral roots . 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari.Res.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. structure Anatomy: Barnova.12. K. Fahn. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. 13. R G and F. aerial roots of banyan .1965: Physiological plant anatomy Masueth. G. B M. Examine of L. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. Bot. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. Stanley.53:53-79. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. Jussieua etc. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. M A.

structure and function. Gregory.Solender. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. Bhattacharya. G. Sc. A Laboratory manual. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. Tilak. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. . P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Part II Syllabus… . P H. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. Fageri. Pandey and Chadha. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Palynology Cunningham. Y. Erdtman. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. Nair. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. Heslop-Harrison. S T. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. H. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. K. K and J Inversen. Nair. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology.

Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Salt stress . Effect of ROS on metabolism.Definition of saline soil.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. Radiation stress . ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Flooding stress . Transgenic approach.60 Unit –I 10. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. Wetland and non wetland species. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance.Effect of ion toxicity (iron.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Ionic stress . Role of HSP. Unit –II 12.Generation of reactive oxygen species. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. Effect of UV radiations on plants. zinc). Phytoremediation. (05) (06) . Transgenic approaches.4.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Photoprotection mechanisms. Transgenic approaches. Mechanism of stomatal action. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. (09) (07) 13. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. Drought hardening.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. (08) 11. (05) 16. Thermal stresses . Water stress .Nature of waterlogging stress. Unit –III 14. Antitranspirants. Oxidative stress . Cold hardening. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. (05) 15. Mechanism of UV tolerance. Causes of soil Salinization.

Unit –IV 17. Unit –II 14) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. Gaseous stress . of disease resistance. 13) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. 11) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. (06) (09) 18. Allelopathy. Practicals:Unit –I 9) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 10) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. 12) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. Biochemical mechanism .

Factors influencing mineral uptake. Ethylene physiology. (06) (09) 8) Reproductive physiology:. Role of chelates in mineral utilization.Semester-IV B O – 4.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 5) Crop growth and its regulation. sex determination and fruit development. Factors controlling crop productivity. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Role of PGRs in flowering. Unit –II 7) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. (06) 6) Nutriophysiology . water use efficiency and N use efficiency. CO2 as a fertilizer. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. Biotonics. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) and post harvest (09) . Physicochemical properties of soil. lime and gypsum as soil additives.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance.Photoperiodism and vernalization. Harvest index. Foliar applications of mineral elements.Physicochemical properties of soil. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. Biofertilizers. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function.

L. weedicides and their mode of actions. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. K. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. 52.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. 53. NAR. Fitter. T. Gupta. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. 58. 54. S. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. M. and Hay.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. R. Fageria.T. 16) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. 15) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. (1969. Kozlowski. 55. K. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress.C. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. J. (1972): Crop Physiology. 59. 50. Hale.M. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. H. S. N. Invading weeds.4) Determination of N. D. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant.(1972): Crop Physiology. and Orcutt. LAI. Gupta. 57. U. . T. Cherry. Practicals:Unit –I 1.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. Evans. M.) 3. A. 51. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:49. J. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. etc. 56. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). Levitt. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. LAR. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. S. U.

69. 27. L. 29. K. M. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 71. Mehrotra. C. 65. . N. Sinha S. 66.60. 64. L.G. 70. C. Pojakoff Mayber A. I & II. 25. Turner. 61. Nickell. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. and Gupta. Marschner. 72. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. P. D. I. K. Y. and Agarwal P..Pessarkli. McLaren. Rice.N. H. Manures and fertilizers. Yawalkar and Agarwal. and Cramer.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress.C. 68. L. N. Bhargava S. and Sarin M. (1980): Plant Pathology. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Journal of Experimental Botany. S.S. 28. Taiz L.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants.D. J. Srivastava. R. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming.K. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. Everymans Science. Mansfield. and Gale. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. and Zeiger F. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants.A. W. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). L. Upeke.V. Paleg. R. Environmental pollution. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden.K. (1975): Plants in saline environment. (1982): Tropical tree crops. S. Pessarkli. Sharma.J. M. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Sane P. and Aspinal. 62. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis.. E. J. 26.S. Asana. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 63.G. Plant Physiology (USA). NY. 67.

UNIT-II 4.. Pleurotus spp. 6. Production of Ergot alkaloids. 15 Practicals (2 Units. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. 05 3. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. Edible fungi. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Any 8) UNIT-I 5.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. 7. 2.development and their maintenance. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. UNIT.III 5. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. cost benefit analysis. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. UNIT-II .Semester. 6. 5 & 6. diseases and their control. 7. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. Commercial fungal strain : selection.improvement. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT.I 1. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. 8.

(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. Gray.A. . and Dunn. 20.L.D. .P.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.J.C.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. 25. R. 23. 24.O. J. Barger. Christensen.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin.(1959): Industrial Microbiology.7 & 8. (1975): Mould. J.R.and Gaze. 18. 26.I Industrial Mycology Vol.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. 27. 32.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. 19. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism.F. 21.D. D. A. and Hays. Whipps.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth.H.D. Dodge. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins.(1961): Industrial Microbiology.. S. Preparation of spawn: Grain. L.II and III.H.D.E. Cultivation of mushroom. W.M. R.W. Singer.Jr. G.C. and Barry.G. Chang. Smith. 9 & 10. 30. Fletcher.T.S.(1935):Industrial Mycology.R. and Fletcher. Prescott.F. Onions. Aneja K.H.:The filamentous fungi Vol. A. Allsopp and H. 22. 11 & 12.T. 29.(1970): The Yeast.White. Rose. 23. W. C.D.S. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. 22. A. J. Rhodes.M.W. Casida. 21.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. 31. Perlite and manure spawn. and R. Lodder. 28. REFERNCE BOOKS: 17. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. 17.

contact and Systemic fungicides. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). pathogens and their management. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust).Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Quarantine laws. Soybean (Mosaic). Glomus. Grapes (Powdery mildew. Methods of disease diagnosis. Banana (Blight).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 3. Sunflower (Downy mildew). Rice (Blast). 4. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Downy mildew). plant treatments of Fungicides. UNIT-II 3. uptake and mode of action. UNIT-III 5 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Wheat (Rust and Bunt). 15 15 10 05 . Seed certification.Bajara (Green ear). isolation and identification of Pathogens.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Biological control Agents.harzianum. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. T. Cotton (Angular leaf spot). Citrus (Canker). fungicide resistance in plants. Culture methods. formulation and classification of fungicides. Pigeon pea (Wilt). avoidance of pathogen. Trichoderma viride. 15 UNIT-IV 5. field observation. Anthracnose. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. seed. soil. Potato (Early and late blight). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). symptomology. international approach. Chemical methods. Pseudomonas flurescans. VA-Mycorrhiza. Tomato (Early blight).

and P. Mehrotra R. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). F. 15. S. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. G.K.(1980): Plant Pathology 18. 4 & 5. Kenneth M. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. 14. 6 & 7. REFERENCES BOOKS 12. Padoley. Singh. . S. UNIT-II 5. Gangopadhyay. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. R. R. S. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media.9 & 10. Symptomology. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. Pvt.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology.F. 16.N.Practicals (2 Units. 22. 13.S.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology.T. R. 19.(1963): Plant Diseases.Ltd.F. 11 & 12. Agrios. 20. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases.C. D.S. 17. 8. 21. Ny Vall.E. Collection and preservation of plant diseases.B. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Any 8) UNIT-I 2. 2 & 3.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology.

Transformation. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. culturing and growing E. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7).SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. 10. translational. Genetic exchange in bacteria. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. using phagemid vectors. Study of transformation (02). In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). Media preparation for microbial cultures. fine structure and deletion mapping). cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). genetic recombination in phage. 3. 9. Any 8) 1. T4 genetic map. Practical (2 Units. coli. construction of genomic libraries. Study of bacterial transduction (02). Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. Isolation. conjugation and Transduction. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). production of recombinant DNA molecules. Genes from plastids and nuclei. 5. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro.III) B O 4. . Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. 2. Post transcriptional.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. 7.12. coli and Agrobacterium.an overview (Mutants. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). amplification using vectors. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). Study of southern blotting (02). bacterio-phage X 174 (8).

terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. 2. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). Cloning vectors. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). 9. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Yeast. Gene cloning using PCR 8. Any 8) 1. insertion of gene in vector. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). Bacteriophages. cell line isolation.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. maintenance and management (5). 12. Somatic embryogenesis 10. Shuttle vectors. structures of host gene.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. somatic embryogenesis. cellular hybridization. b) Transgenics. cloned gene expression (6).plasmid. Practical (2Units. Bacterial. b) Genomics. 5. Drosophila. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). herbicide resistance. transformation. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report.an overview: Mapping. Human genome project. Study of DNA markers using RAPD . Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. resistance against plant viral diseases. Protoplast fusion and culture. Cell line culture 4. operation. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. production of secondary metabolites. selection of the transformed host cells. constructing chimeric DNA (7). Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. c) Isolation of the desired gene. Ti. 3. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. Isolation of genomic DNA. expression vectors. 7. hairy root culture (5). Hairy root culture 6. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11.

et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. 17. M.Suggested readings: Special Paper. and Cummings M.III 13. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. K. Klug W. Journals: 8. John Wiley and sons Singapore. 1998 Genomes. W. T. Twyman R. Wolfe S. 14. Alberts B. Latchman D. New York. H. New Delhi. Unwin Hyman Publication London. V. Freeman New York. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. Caryologia 12. Concepts and Implications. California USA. and W. 23. Stickeberger M. Pvt. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Viva Books Pvt. B. D. 1999 Genetics Principles. Cytologia 11. Jain H. 15. H.. 16. Ltd. Lewontin R. New York. S. 19. F. A. . 1983 Concepts of Genetics. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 10. Wadwith Publishing Co. M. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 15. S. Charles E. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) . R. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. Miller J. 6th Edition W. C. Griffith A. 24. Singh B. L. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.. New Delhi. Suzuki D. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 2000 Genes IV. Journal of Experimental Botany 14. 18. VI. Oxford University Press. Brown T. K. Merrill Publishing Company London. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. Annual review of Microbiology 9. 21. Lewin. J. 22. Gupta P. 20. New Delhi. Ltd. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 13. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co.

Winkler. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. Singh B. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. Gustafson J. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Springer –Verlag. 38. J. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. Razdan M. Tissue and Organ culture. 44. Chrispeels M. Pvt. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Ltd. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Chawala H. Genes and Agriculture. P.Special Paper. and Bajaj Y. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. CRS press LLC. J. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. S. USA. P. and Gray D. Lal R. Thimmaiah S. and Wackernagel W. Reinert J. S. and Lal S. and Cocking E. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. Elsevier Science. Pvt. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. 42. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. 1996. Vidhyashekaran P. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. 29. R. Trigiano R. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 2000 Plant cell. 1999 Genomes. S. and Sadava D. and Primrose S. 36. 34. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. 43. 1994 Plants. K. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. 1999. B. Ruger W. Ltd. 47. 31. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. Brown T. Ltd. Old R. A. 33. Plenum Press London. K. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. 32. 40. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. Singapore. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. . Mitra Sandhya 1996. Narosa Publication New Delhi. 30. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Ltd. 37. Razdan M. Rastogi Publications Meerut. P. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. 35. W. C. 1993. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Razdan M. 45. N. Gustafson J. K. 1979. 28. Gupta P. E. Kumar U. 41. 39. Pvt. U. and Mahadevan A. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. 2000 Genomes. Manibhushanrao K. D. CRC Press. 46. K.IV 27. and Bhojwani S. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana.

Jagota A. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Journal of Experimental Botany Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology Journal of Plant Biotechnology International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 12. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 49. 14. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. B. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 9. 11. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Eddy. 50. 16. F.48. Mount D. Cambridge University Press. Anders Krogh. Graeme M. . Andreas Bazevanis. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. 51. Wennacker Ernst L. 13. F. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10. Durbin R. Francis Ouellette and B.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Sean R. 52. W.. 15. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory.

UNIT 4: 11. Methods of primary productivity measurements. (8) 10. 8. physical anatomy. (7) UNIT 2: 10. Conservation of energy (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) . Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Energy from wastes. species environment (microclimate). Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. seed (5) germination.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Global primary productivity patterns. Hydrogen fuel. 10. techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram.Conceptual model. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). Transects. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. geographic (LAI).SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Ecosystem modeling. Biomass production by the species.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 7. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. (3) 9. (5) distribution. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Working model. Biological methods. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . leaf area index 11. 12. Bisects. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7.

Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. Study of Leaf Area Index. Use of ecological model in the field study. aquatic . Ecological data collection for computer use. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 10. Determination of calorific value of wood. Study of rooting of the cuttings. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Setting up an ecological model. 16.Practicals. 14. 12. 11. 10. Study of population growth curve. UNIT 6: 15. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 11. 18. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. 13. 17.

Vermitechnology. Nuclear winter. Pathogens. pesticides. Self purification of natural streams. Air quality loss. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) .Role of plants and microbes. Mining. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. In India. Carbon and world climates. UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Air pollution monitoring devices.44 PAPER.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Recycling of resources. Oxygen sag analysis. causes and consequences. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: C) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation.Conservation and management. heavy metals. salts. heat. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. (6) D) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Vehicular and Industrial gases. Methodology. Waste management. Nutrients.

13. Study of wetland macrophytes. 19. Study of Biological Indicators. 20. 17. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. 16. Measurement of vehicular pollution. Measurement of dust fall. EIA study-II. UNIT 6: .Practicals. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. Study of IUCN Red list categories. Study of garbage. 14. UNIT 5: 11. 15. 12. 18. EIA study-I.

methods in biosystematic studies. ecospecies. Van Rheede. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. biosystematic categoriesecotype. periodicals. Robert kid. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information.Semester IV B O-4. tabular and lateral keys. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. T. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. its role in research and teaching. Haines. cenospecies. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Wallich. computerized keys. Prain. dictionaries and addresses. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. Typological. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. D. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. methodology. maps and cartography. glossaries. catalogues. Parkinson. Duthie. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. dates of publication. their merits and demerits. J. 5 camparium. Brandis. concept of genus and family. outstanding botanical libraries. John Burman. monographs and revisions. Buchnan. location of type specimens. Gamble. steps in biosystematic study. biographical references. Cooke. review serials. dictionaries. C.Nominalistic. bibliographies. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). world floras and manuals. color charts. training and conservation of plants. Roxbugh. cultivated and economic plants. N. Biological and alternative species concepts. Santapau. William Griffith. Thomas Thomson. John Koenig. Fyson. acosta. concepts of species. scope and limitations. analysis and data presentation. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. Robert Wight.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. 5 . contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. concept of species.

8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation- quantum, Mayrean, catastrophic, local ecological, geographic, phyletic; speciation and evolution of species. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC

5

POSITION, 15

INTERELATIONSHIPS, PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae, Lemnaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Bigoniaceae,

Passifloraceae, Caricaeae, Salicaeae, Arecaeae, Pandanaceae, Araceae,

• • •

Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Caricaeae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Arecaeae, Bigoniaceae, Pandanaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae,

Araceae, Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Selected Readings • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi.

Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London.

Taylor, D. V. and

L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • Shivanna, k. R. and B. M. Johri 1985. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Wiley Eastern limited, New Delhi. • Endress Peter, K. 1994. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Cambridge. • • Richard, A. J. 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. (2ed.) Chapman and Hall. Rao, R. R. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra-Dun. • Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC,Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Semester IV B O-4.45 ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS (Special Paper- IV)

Unit-I

1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil angiosperms; Time of origin of angiosperms; Cradle of angiosperms; probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory, coniferales-amentiferae theory, gnetales-angiosperm theory, anthostrobilus theory, caytonian theory, stachyospory-phyllospermae theory, pteridosperm theory, pentoxylales theory and durian theory; monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms.

9

Unit-II

2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of IndiaPalmae: Musa Palmoxylon, cardiospermum; Sonnertioxylon, Guttiferae: Sahniocarpon, Indocarpa, Rhizopalmoxylon, Gramineae: Sonnertiorhizos, Myrtaceae: Harissocarpon, Palmocarpon; Graminocarpon; Sahnianthus, Sahnipushpam; Daberocarpon,

6

Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron, Tricoccites; Pandanaceae: Viracarpon; Musaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Enigmocarpon; Malvaceae:

Chitaleypushpam. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale, geographical history, 5

Continental Drift, Land Bridges, shifting of poles, theories of differentiation and natural selection, types and areas of natural distribution, centre of origin, theory of tolerance, phytogeographic regions of the world, Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity, its importance, assessment, loss and conservation, ethical principles of conservation biology, World organisation for conservation of biodiversity, Red List categories of IUCN, means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism, categories, biodiversity of India, megacentres of endemism in India; Keystone and flagship species, endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra, sacred grooves and their importance. 5 5

chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Rhizophoraceae. Loranthaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Unit-II Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. Typhaceae. fly. insects and fungi. pollen. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. types of 15 pollination. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Loranthaceae. pollination mechanism. moth. butterfly and wasps flowers.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. style and stigma. Typhaceae. Apiaceae. sex distribution in plants. (In second term of IV Semester. tour report. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. Polygalaceae. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Apiaceae. ) . biology of floral parts-calyx. Santalaceae. anemophily. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. butterfly and wasps flowers. Polygalaceae. cheiropterophily. • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. corolla. Santalaceae. carpenter bee. Hydatellaceae. androecium. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. Viscaceae. fly. moth. Sketching. entemophily-bee. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Sapindaceae. Viscaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Co-evolution of angiosperms. Xyridaceae. 15 Eriocaulaceae. Hydatellaceae. ornithophily. Eriocaulaceae. Rhizophoraceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Xyridaceae. Sapindaceae. Carpenter bee. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. hydrophily.

S. Ltd. • Quicke. • Cronquist. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. 1984.) Chapman and Hall. New Delhi. 1996. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Massachusetts. K. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. P.A. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Pvt. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. and M. K. Heywood 1991. Columbia University Press. P. S. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. and M. S. J. D. and V. Nepal and Bhutan. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers.F. Kerala • Ahmedullah. R. 1988. k. 1997. A. Blakie Academic & Professional.) 1980. Donoghue 2008. Cambridge. Cmpbell C. M.. J. Wiley Eastern limited. N.] 1998.Publishers. Botanical Survey of India. Nayar.. J. • Manilal. • Taylor. CBS Publishers & Distributers. H. London. Oxford and IBH Publ. INC. Evolution and Phylogeny. M. R.) Allen Press. Donald. Co. • Judd Walter S. V. M. R. 1987. Kollogg. U. M. Today and Tommorow Publications. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Muktesh Kumar [ed. • Davis. 1994. J. Plant Systematics. USA. A. 1951. New Delhi. Hickey 1997. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. New York. Plant Breeding Systems. 1981. A.Sunderland.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. • Rao. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. • Naik. . New Delhi. DST. A. Dehra-Dun.. (2ed. H. 1993. • Shivanna. New Delhi. Johri 1985. • Synge. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. Sinauer Associates. Stevens P. 1994. • • Richard. • Endress Peter. Hugh (ed.S. New Delhi . E. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. Palode. Ltd. L. Nayar. V. Flowering Plants: Origin. and B. P. and M. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. and L.

Anatomical. Role of phytoplankton. Biomagnification. Abiotic factors . Vivipary and its role in mangroves. Calcification. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. Toxic metal pollution. sewage. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. distribution and types. PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. Oceans. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. Estuaries. Sea as an environment. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. diversity. Detritus based food chain. Natural and anthropogenic stress . morphological adaptations in mangroves. temperature. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . physiological. pesticide. O2.Chemical (salinity. sources and impact. tidal action. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. factors affecting. Oil. etc ) and Geological (oceans. wind.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. nutrients) Physical ( light. distribution. Sc. Biotic factors . 5 10 9 10 5 5 10 . Ecological significance. waves. CO2. Types of Coasts.floral and faunal components. Human impact. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. Concept of Marine Park. reef algae. ocean floor)factors.M. Threats and conservation measures.

c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. salinity. trichomes. c) Study of salts glands. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. sclerides in mangroves . e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. pH. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. and chlorinity of seawater . e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries.

Undaria .food . 8 Domestic bioresources . PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. crops. pulses. Use of GPS. DIATOMS: Application and uses. Chemical preservation. gas exchange. Medicinal uses. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. potential genetic resources. horticultural 7 5 8 2 5 7 8 .Laminaria. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. apiculture. feed. live stock. difficulties in getting axenic culture. ornamentals. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. cereals.Standing crop. Storage of specimen. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. timber. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. Source of iodine. Sc.Gracilaria etc. Herbarium technique. litter fall. Wild bioresources . Mariculture of Porphyra .crops.32 MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI (SPECIAL PAPER IV) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting.M. Similarity index etc. Industrial applications of seaweeds. oil crops. fire wood. aquaculture. Species diversity index. medicinal products. fodder. . modelling technique).

e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning.I. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. and similarity index of mangroves. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .D. d) Determination of S. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae.

b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Ficus etc. Applications in public sector (2).37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. edible antibodies (6). 2&3. Any 8) 1. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. 4. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. 10. (5). cell suspension. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Study of transgenic plants.III) B O 4. (8). Theory (4 Units.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. reporter genes (4). c) Molecular farming. selectable markers. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10).SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Pinus etc. Preparation of biofertilizers. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. 6. Gene banks (5). 7. Bioreactor. Practical (2 Units. 8&9.Secondary metabolites from callus. . Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. embryo culture. Hairy root culture. edible vaccines. Factors affecting product yield. Cell suspension culture. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). 5. orchids. Tectona. biotransformation. Study of synseeds. Somatic embryogenesis. 11. cell cultures. Anther.

Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. Visit to Biotech firms. c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). Intellectual Property protection. 8. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). microbes in leaching of metals (10). Any 8) 1&2.47: APPLICATION. 3. 11. Nod genes. . Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Study of GMOs. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Collection. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products.IV) B O 4. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Nif genes. 4&5. wastewater treatment. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). public verses private enterprises. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). Patent of genes and DNA sequences. Hup genes (5). b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. a case study (5). b) Global biotech scenario. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. Practical (2 Units. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Symbiotic N2 fixation. 9&10. Food. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. b) Patent systems in India. Formulation of patent proposal. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. cooperative programmes (5). Sources of patent information. Agro biotech fields. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. 6&7.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER.

S. Technology Bhavan New Delhi.III 1. Altman. H. 1998.Suggested readings: Special Paper.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.. D. India. B.Wiley Eastern Ltd. 6.1995. New York. Biotechnology in crop improvement. 2000. J. L. Technology information. P.V. 2. Purohit. New Delhi. 4. Meerut. Special Paper. Marcel Dekker. Meerut.K. India ltd. 9. 2.1997. Washington. H.1994.Molecular Biotechnology.2001.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. G. Reddy. New Delhi.Microbial biotechnology. Agricultural Biotechnology. International Book Distributing Co.and Venkataraman. 1996.. Kakralya. New York. Chavala. I. ASM Press. Srivastava. B.J. 1998. 8. 5. Ravishankar.J.Agrobios. New Delhi.Biotechnology. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. B. H. A. Agricultural Biotechnology.1994. Marcel Dekker. Rastogi Publisher. Schlegel. Gupta. 3.G. 5. Technology Bhavan. Elements of Biotechnology. 2002. India. P. 7.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. K. A. Scientific Publishers.and Ahuja. Elements of Biotechnology. Altman.l.R. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Lecture notes on patents. Pvt. S. and Reddy. General microbiology. ASM Press.R.R. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).1997. Glick. New Delhi. 3. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.principles and practice. 6. Genetic Engineering. Gupta. J. S. 1998. . Mitra.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.Ltd. Trehan. and Pasternak. India. Glick. 2000.K.A.IV 1. Jodhpur. and Pasternak.Molecular Biotechnology. Rastogi Publisher.. 4. India. Washington.P.Mcmilan. Technology information.K.1994.M. Cambridge University Press. S.

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