SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY Syllabus for the Semester System Examination ( Academic Flexibility, Credit System) w.e.f. January 2008 for M.Sc. Part - I ( Semester I & II ) No. ( Semester III & IV ) No. from January 2009. and for M.Sc. II

M.Sc. BOTANY REVISED SYLLABUS (Academic Flexibility) (Credit System)
1. The entire course of M. Sc. (Botany) will be of four semesters spread over within two years. 2. There shall be four theory papers and four practicals (each based on one theory paper) in every semester. Each semester course shall comprise of four units per theory paper per week. One practical of two units per paper per week. 3. Every theory paper shall be having four units and every practical shall be having two units. 4. There shall be one elective paper and corresponding practical among the four papers per semester and the students from other departments can opt for this particular elective paper. The decision regarding admission of such other departmental students will be made by departmental committee of Botany Department. 5. Each unit in theory paper shall comprise of 15 lectures of 60 minutes duration and there shall be four lectures per paper per week. There shall be four practicals (each with not less than three hour duration) per week. Library (Reference) work/ Excursion/ Field Work/Seminar –Group Discussion/Project Work shall also be conducted in every week. 6. Among the four Theory papers there shall be one elective paper per semester. 7. There shall be at least two short tours per year for all students. For M.Sc. I students there shall be one long tour (in a year) out of the state to Botanical Regions, Research Institutes / Centers. All excursion tours, short and long, are obligatory to each student. Candidates shall require to produce, the following at the time of practical examination (at the end of each semester). :i) A laboratory journal of practicals and field record book duly signed by the concerned teacher from time to time. A set of micro preparations (semi / permanent) of plant materials illustrating the subject matter of the relevant paper.

ii)

At least 10-15 Herbarium specimens and preserved specimens (preferably of weeds) collected by the Candidate during the field work or excursion tour.

8. Various subject specializations intradepartment-elective are available at M. Sc. II ( Sem. III and IV). The Department offers one of the following specializations to each student on the basis of his/ her merit and willingness and availability of seats. (Subject distribution centralized). • • • • • • • • Plant Physiology Mycology and Plant Pathology Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding Energy, Ecology and Environment Angiosperm Taxonomy Marine Botany Plant Biotechnology Palaeobotany (Presently Suspended).

9. The entire course of M. Sc. in Botany will be of 2500 marks. So every semester will be of 600 marks; 400 marks for theory papers (4) and 200 marks for practicals (4), along with 50 marks for project work in semester III and semester IV. 10. Each theory paper will be of 100 marks (80 marks theory paper + 20 marks internal). Each semester (usually at the mid of the semester) there will be an internal test of 20 marks (20 multiple choice questions) and theory examination of 80 marks per paper (of 2.5 h duration) at the end of semester. 11. Each practical performance will be of 50 marks (20 marks internal + 30 marks external). There will be a separate practical examination for every paper carrying 30 marks. (Four separate Practicals). Each practical examination will be of 3 h duration. 12. A Project / Assignment will be given to every student during III and IV semesters, and each student will be examined for his / her project for 50 marks every semester. (50 × 2 = 100 marks for project, submission and oral presentation). 13. In each theory question paper (carrying 80 marks) seven questions will be put, out of which the candidate shall have to attempt five questions (carrying 16 marks each). The weightage to different types of questions is as follows :i) Descriptive or essay type questions 50 – 60 % ii) Short answer type questions (20- 30 %) The last (7 ) question of short answer type questions will be compulsory (based on entire syllabus).
th

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M.Sc. Part I (Semester - I) Theory Papers : B O 1.1 B O 1.2 B O 1.3 Elective I B O 1.4 Practicals: B O P 1.1 B O P 1.2 B O P 1.3 B O P 1.4 : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany M.Sc. Part I (Semister - II) Theory Papers: B O 2.1 B O 2.2 B O 2.3 Elective II B O 2.4 Practicals: B O P 2.1 B O P 2.2 B O P 2.3 B O P 2.4 : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation M.Sc. Part II (Semister - III): B O 3.1 Elective III B O 3.2 Special paper I B O 3.31 B O 3.32 B O 3.33 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

41 B O 3.1 B O P 3.34 B O 4.47 Practicals : B O P 3.31 B O 4. Sc.44 B O 3.33 B O 4.32 B O 4.43 B O 3. Part II (Semister .IV) : Theory Papers: B O 4.37 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.42 B O 3.36 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering B O P Special paper I B O P Special paper II Project Work: B O 3.2 Special paper III B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.45 B O 3. Part II Syllabus… . Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Structure.B O 3.34 B O 3.46 B O 3.36 B O 3.35 B O 4.2 : Energy. Development and Reproduction : Plant Physiology and Metabolism M.37 Special paper II B O 3.5 : Project work/Assignment work M.1 Elective IV B O 4.Sc.35 B O 3.

46 B O 4. Part II Syllabus… .5 : Project work/Assignment work : Plant Physiology and Metabolism : Plant Structure.43 B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology M.45 B O 4.44 B O 4.42 B O 4.2 BOP BOP Project Work: B O 4.41 B O 4.Special Paper IV B O 4.47 Practicals: B O P 4. Sc.1 B O P 4. Development and Reproduction : Special paper III : Special paper IV : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.

Ion exchange and Affinity chromatography Gel electrophoresis.Ultrafiltration Isoeletricfocussing. importance. 8 7 8 5 2 sterilization. NMR. Applications in genomics. X-ray Diffraction : Brief idea with principle Unit: IV 10. 2. Separation Techniques: Basic principles of centrifugation. low and high speed centrifuges ultracentrifuge. Biostatistics : Measures of Dispersion and Variability. Biological Data Bases. 12. experimental report. Laboratory note book. plant) media preparation. shaker. MASS Spectrometry. Browsers. hot air oven. The Variance. Sc. Standard units of expression. Biochemistry Laboratory : Laboratory. biomolecular structure. 6. Measurement of radioactivity – Geiger-Muller. Unit: III 7. thermobath. inoculation. safety and care. Internet(www/http). Liquid Scintillation Counting. fungi. 8. Bioinformatics: Definition. Modem. Part II Syllabus… . medical science etc. 4. Use nets. Fluorescence and Absorption spectrophotometry – Instrumentation and applications. .B O 1. Collection and Preservation of plant material. Biosensors. stirrer. Electrochemical Techniques : Principles. pH-electrode. The Coefficient of variation 3. oxygen electrode. Useful sites Unit: II 5. Ion-selective electrodes. Culture Technique : Principles. 9. Computers in Biology : Modern computers. discipline. algae. centrifuge Electricautoclaves 11. Cryopreservation 8 3 4 M. Search Engine. Tracer Techniques : Isotopes is biochemistry / biology units of radioactivity. Equipments – Laminar air flow. UV-VIS. constituents. BeerLambert’s law. Density gradient separation Column chromatography. Palaeobotanical Techniques : Peel technique Palaeopalynological studies. types (bacteria.1 Pre-requisite Course Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. E3 4 4 4 mail. Applications of radioisotopes. Spectroscopic Techniques : Basic principles Nature of electromagnetic radiation.

Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment. Academic Press New York (1989) 3. Studies in Paleobotany-Andrews. Methods in Experimental Biology. Pearsa. N. 11. Verification of Beer and Lambert’s law Units: II (Any Four practicals) 7. 8. Long and Sourlock. Goswami. applied genetics and Bio-statistics Goswami H. pH – measurement and preparation of buffers.Mungikar. Flame photometer. Walker (2000) Cambridge Publ. (1997). Plant histochemistry – Jensen. H. M. Techniques in Bioproductivity and photosynthesis by – Coombs. Education. Schwer and Zeclinskin publ.C. Practical cytology. K. Practical Biochemistry : Principles and Techniques. R. Rao. A field and laboratory manualHall. M. K. R. 9. Use of search engine for literature / reference work / Searching biochemical literature 6. Singapore. Density gradient centrifugation – A separation technique List of Books : 1. Part II Syllabus… . etc. (1961) 11. 6. Publ. 10. 3.-Ralph. Study of instruments / equipments. photomicrography. (1975). 4. Determination of Correlation coefficient. Modern Experimental Biochemistry-Boyer.-Radioactive counetrs. Hall. Scurlik. Ed. Jain and R. Saraswati Printing Press Aurangabad. Methods in enzymology. 2. Bolhar Nordenkampt. London 13. Accessing biological data bases. Academic Press (1970). X-Ray diffraction.Colowick and Kaplan Academic Press. N. R. ppm . R.(2005). A. Separation of proteins by gel electrophoresis 10. Pergamon press Oxford (1985) 7. Himalayan Publ.Practicals : UNIT : I (Any Four practicals) 1. 8. Methods in plant molecular biology – M. E. Sc. (1993) 5. A. Handbook of field and herbarium techniques S. 12. and R. ANOVA use of computer. Blakie. An Introduction to Biometry. Peel technique for fossil studies 9. M. Bombay (1993) 2. 4. Leagood and Long Chapman and Hall Publ. Experimental plant physiology – J. Preparation of standard solutions. Wilson and J. / E-mail operations 5. House. Arditti and Dunn.

Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. Spheropsidales 2 5. M. 2.B O 1. Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales. growth. Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hyphomycetales Melanconiales. Ustilaginales Agaricales. Algae and Bryophytes Total Lectures : 60 Fungi Unit: I (15) 1. Sc. Classification of Fungi by Alexopoulos and Mims (1979) 3. organic acids. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders Classes Acrasiomycetes Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Plasmadiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Hemiascomycetes Plectomycetes Unit : II (15) 4. General Characters of Fungi.2 Biology and Diversity of Fungi. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders 13 Orders Dictysteliales Stemonitales Chytridiales Plasmadiophoromycetales Perenosporales Mucorales Taphrinales Eurotiales 13 1 1 Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gastomycetes Hyphomycetes Coelomycetes antibiotics and enzymes. Part II Syllabus… . growth.

Cultivation and methods of preservation. Botrydium. water and host. Padiana. Role of Algae in human welfare Structure. 2) Detailed study of following types from each of the following orders. Ulva. Cladophora. morphology. Jungermanniales. Draparnaldia.Algae Unit: III (15) • • • • Classification in Algae Culture. Sc. : Vaucheria. Buxbaumiales • • Economic importance of Bryophytes. Synchytrium 1 5 M. Phylogeny and interrelationship of following classes with reference to the forms mentioned against the classes Cyanophyceae Chlorophyceae Xanthophyceae Bacillariophyceae Phaeophyceae Rhodophyceae Bryophytes Unit: IV (15) • • • Trends in classification of Bryophytes. habit. 9 2 2 2 Practicals Unit: I (15) • Fungi 1) Isolation of fungi from soil. : Gracillaria. Fritchella. and inter relationship of following orders Sphaerocarpales. phylogeny. Coleochaete. Spirulina : Mougeotia. Reproduction. : Pinnularia. Takakiales. Pithophora. reproduction. 2 1 8 2 2 : Gloeoecapsa. Class Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Order Stemonitales Chytridiales Types Stemonitis Physoderma. air. their inoculation on culture media.Sphagnales. Oscillatoria. : Dictyota. Scytonema. Part II Syllabus… . Bryophytes as indicators of pollution. Origin of Bryophytes Distribution.

Cyathodium Fossombronia. Uromyces. Kumar.C.V. Bremia. III Taxonomy and Biology of Blue green algae : : : : Asterella. H.P.Plasmodiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Plectomycets Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gasteromycetes Deuteromycetes Unit :II (15) • Algae Plasmodiophorales Perenosporales Mucorales Eurotiales Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales Agaricales Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hypomycetales Melanconiales Plasmodiophora (Slide) Plasmopara. B. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Marchantiales Jungermanniales Anthocerotales Polytrichales Reference Books and Journals. R. Gangulee. T. (1995) 5. B. Vashista. P. O. Singh (1971) 2. Kar (1992) 6. (1994) 4. Albugo. Sharma.Rhizopus Penicillium. N. Agaricus. Desikachary. Porella Notothyllus Polytrichum M. Asterina Melampsora. H. (1986) 3. Colletotrichum Study of Algae: Types mentioned against each class in theory paper (available specimens / slides) • Bryophytes Morphological. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . and H. K.D. Targionia. Algae 1. Aspergillus Claviceps Peziza Capnodium. Pandey. Mucor. Polyporus. and A. (1972) Textbook of Algae Textbook of Algae Textbook of Botany – Algae Botany for degree students-Algae College Botany Vol. Cyathus Alternaria.

Part II Syllabus… . and D. Subramanan. K. Mims (1979) 2. A. and A. and C. (1964) 2. (1967) 5. Sharma. Gangulee. Bessey. (1959) 4. G. Mundkur B. G. Kashyap. Chapman. III.S. N. C. (1929) 3. 2. Seaweed Research. S. 4. Fritsch. E. (1955) 6. C. V.V.R. R. E. Dayal (1995) Bryophytes 1. Chopra. E. J. K. Chapman (1965) Journals 1. IV. (1989) 3. Venkataraman et al. Sussman 4. Kar (1992) 6. Sparrdo F. Thind K.A and IV-B : Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi : College Botany Vol. O.B. W.J. V. Sc. S. (1960) 10. Vashista. H. B. I : The Myxomycetes of India : Hyphomycetes : Ustihlaginales of India : Aquatic phycomycetes : Aquatic Fungi of India : Inter-relationship of Bryophytes : Liverworts of Western Himalayas and the Punjab Plains Part I and II : An introduction to Embryophyta. (1971) 8. R.O. G. E. I. Smith. II. Watson. Cavers. and A. R. (1996) 9. I – Bryophyta : Bryology in India : Cryptogamic Botany Bol. (1977) 7. and M. Indian Journal of Marine Biology Fungi. (1965) 8.Trimukchar (1952) 9. II : The Structure and life of Bryopytes : British Mosses and Liverworts : Botany for degree students -Brtophyta : Biology of Bryophytes. F. N. M. Ram Udar (1976) 5. Kumra (1988) Structure of Algae and Reproduction Algae-Form and Function The Algae : Introductory Mycology : Textbook of Fungi : The Fungi Vols. S.J. Alexopoulos. Parihar. and P. Phycologia 3.J. Watson.S. 1. (1964) 7. Mahasagar 5. Bol. Ainsworth. (1974) 9. M.7. (1963) 8. Phykos.V.K.

Determination of phytomass 4. Estimation of primary productivity of an aquatic ecosystem 8. Succession : Succession Unit: II 3. Ecological reports based on tour and / or analysis. 15 Unit: IV 6. 8 Allogenic and Autogenic Succession. Part II Syllabus… . Temperature and Transparency) 3. Law of population growth curves. 8 7 M. Wetlands and their Characteristics – Classification of Wetlands & Examples 4. Environmental Education Programmes : WWF. Study of Species diversity index 5. Determination of residual Chlorine from Water sample. IUCN. Biotic potential and Natality. Evaluation of abiotic components of aquatic ecosystem (PH. Any 8) Unit: I (15) 1. Study of satellite imagery and vegetation Analysis Unit: II (15) 6. Introduction of Remote Sensing technique and Geographical Information system (GIS) 7. Global sinks and pollution cycle Practicals: ( 2 Units. Climatic Climax. Survivorship curves. 7. Sc. Determination of hardness of Water 9.B O 1. 10. Biosphere Reserve Unit: III 5. Mortality. Models of plant 7 8 7 Population growth and structure: Concept and attribrutes.3 Plant Ecology Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Habital Ecology : Fresh Water and Marine water ecology (ecosystems) 2. Determination of field capacity of Soil. Study of phytoplankton 2. MAB. Life table and age structure.

Kershaw 20. Ecology and Environment – P. Ambsht. M. Concept of Ecology (1996) – Edward J. Progress of Plant Ecology Ed. I – Ed. K. Al.List of Books : 1.W. Plant strategies and vegetation process 0 J. Sc. Freysen and T. Prentice – Hall of India. Smith. dt. 1979 16. Concept of Ecology (Environmental Biology) . 1978 10. Ecology : The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance – C. Odum. Misra. P. Kormond. Al.J. Taxonomy and Ecology . Environmental Impact Assessment of Govordhan. Air pollution and forests – W.R. Technology Assessment. J. J. Grime 23. Quantitative and dynamic ecology – K. 18. Ecology workbook – R. A. Sharma. Plant pollution ecology – A. W. Trivedy. H. 1985 3.W. Patterns of primary production in the biosphere H. Verma. Part II Syllabus… . Progress of Plant Ecology in India – R. The Plant community – Hanson and Churchil. .V. 1978 21. 1993. Plant succession and indicators – F. Theridam 4. S.P. Queens. 1981 11. Lieth. S. H. Reimold and W.V. 1990. Wedendrop. 1973 19. 1973 7. R. T. Horper and Row (1978) 8. 1961 15. Plant Ecology – Weaver and Clemests 14. Plant Ecology – R. Odum. Misra 5. Enviro Media Publ. Karad 26. Misra. Fundamentals of Ecology – E.K.F. Nair. 1974 9. Structure and functioning – A. 12. Environmental Impact Assessment. D. H. J. 1996 17. Krens. Meerut 27. S. Trivedy 24. New Delhi 25. Heywood 22. Clements 13. Rastogi publications. 1988. K. Environmental management of mining operations – B.P. Dhot 1990 6. Chand and Company Ltd. Principles of environmental Biology – P. B. E. New Delhi. Goel. Ecology of halophytes – R. Agarwal. K. K. P. Dary et. 2. An Introduction to Air Pollution (1995) – R. Covel. Practical Methods in Ecology and Environmental Science . V. Ecology – E. P.

Welwitschiales 10 5 • Applied aspects of Gymnosperms Paleobotany UNIT IV (15) Study of morphology. anatomy. Ginkgoales. Taxales. anatomy and evolutionary trends of following groups of plants.Marattiales. Part II Syllabus… . Lepidodendrales Sphenophyllates Psilophytales. Lycopodiales. Psilotales.Sigillariales 8 M. Marattiales Filicales . Salviniales Gymnosperms UNIT II (15) • • • Recent trends in Classification Evolution in Reproductive structures of Cycadales Woods of Coniferales (15) 5 5 5 10 2 3 UNIT III • Study of morphology. reproduction and phylogeny of following orders with reference to the forms mentioned against each. reproductive organs and affinities of extant members of following orders. Gymnosperms and Paleobotany Total Lectures: 60 Pteridophytes UNIT I (15) 1) Classification of Pteridophytes 2) Current trends of research in Pteridophytes 3) Comparative morphology. Filicales.B O 1.4 (Elective I) Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes. Sc. Ephedrales.

Microsorium.Williamsonials Cycalales Cordiaitales Coniferales Indian fossil flora – Glossopteris flora. stem. Rajamahal Hill flora. Cupressus. and Ephedra from available : : : : : Tmesipteris Lycopodium. Sc. specimens / slides. Sahnianthus Glossopteris. Podocarpus. Scutellum Ginkgo. Gangmopteris. Part II Syllabus… . Dictyozarrites Palmoxylon. Isoetes Gleichenia.Practicals UNIT I (15) Pteridospermales : Medullosales Bennettitales . Lignite maceration 5 2 Morphological. Deccan Intertrappean flora Paleopalynological techniques – Coal maceration. Enigmocarpon. Pteris Angiopteris Salvinia M. Selaginella. Pachytesta Elatocladus. Taxus. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Psilotales Lycopodiales Filicales Marattiales Salviniales UNIT II (15) • • Study of the morphology and anatomy of the vegetative and reproductive parts of Araucaria. Brachyphyllum Ptilophyllum. Gleichenites Medullosa. Study of following specimens : Sigillariales Sphenophyllales Marattiales Filicales Medullosales Coniferales Cycadaless Angiosperms : : : : : : : : Sigillaria Stem Sphenophyllum Stem Psaronius stem Rodeites.

Reference Books : Trivedi, A. N. (2002) Bierhorst, D.W.(1971) Rashid, A. (1978) Spome, K.R. (1966) Bower, F. O. (1963) Jermy, A. G. (1973) Vashishta, B.R. (1996) Parihar, N.S. (1959) Arnold, C.A. (1972) Darroh, W.C. (1968) Surange, K.R. (1968) Journals – American Fern Journal International Journal of plant sciences. Bierhorst, D.W. (1971) Chamberlein, C.J. (1966) Coulter and Chumberlein, J. M. Ramanujan, C.G.K. (1979) Spome, K.R. (1967) Vashistha, P.C. (1976) Arnold, C. A. (1972) Andrews, H.N. (1961) Darroh, W.C. (1960) Surange, K. R. (1968) – Morphology of vascular plants - Gymnosperms, Structure and Evolution - Morphology of Gymnosperms - Indian Gymnosperms in Time and Space - Morphology of Gymosperms - The Gymnosperms - An Introduction to Pateobotany - Studies in Pateobotany - Principles of Paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophyles - The Gymnosperms - Advances in Pteridology - Morphology of Vascular plants - An introduction ot Peridophytes - Morphology of Ptseridophytes - The Ferns - The Phylogeny and Classification of ferns. - Botany for degree students – Pteridophytes - An Introduction to Pteridophyta - An introduction to paleobotany - Principles of paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophytes

Eames, A. J. and E. M. Giffard (1950) - Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Foster, A. S. and Gifford, E. M. (1959)- Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1996)- The Gymnosperms.

Shukla, A.C. and Mishra, S.D. (1975)- Essentiales of Paleobotany Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1975) Stewart, W. N. (1983) - Paleobotany and the evolution of plants, Cambridge U.S.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Semester - II

B O 2.1Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants
Total Lectures: 60 UNIT: I (15) 1. Dynamic cell: General account of plant cell structure specialized plant cell types and pumps, receptors, transport 4 4 7 UNIT: II (15) 4. Organization and expression of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Nucleo- organelle interactions 6. Nucleus : Structure, nuclear pores, nucleosome organization. microfilaments, motor movements implications in flagellar and other movements UNIT: III (15) 8. Cell cycle and apoptosis : control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent Kinases : Cell plate formation . Mechanism of programmed cell death 9. Nucleic acids : Structural pecularities of DNA and RNA Law of DNA constancy and C – value paradox, DNA polymorphism, DNA damage and repair 10. Protein sorting : targeting of proteins to organelles, UNIT: IV (15) 11. Protein Biosynthesis : Concepts of central dogma, reverse transcription, mechanism of transcription, RNA polymerase and its role, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing), Gene concept, split genes, genetic code, deciphering the code, concept of degeneracy and Wobble hypothesis, mechanism of protein synthesis. GISH, confocal microscopy 10 5 12. Techniques in cell biology : In Situ hybridization to locate transcripts incell types, FISH, 4 7 4 5 2 5 5. Plant vacuole – Tonoplast membrane ATP ases, Transporters, as storage organelle 3 2. Plasma membrane : Structure, models and functions, sites for ATP ion carriers, channels 3. Plasmodesmata : structure, role in movement of molecules, comparison with gap junctions

7. Cell shape and motility : The cytoskeleton, organization and role of microtubules and

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Practicals : UNIT I 1. Isolation of chloroplasts 2. Separation of chloroplast proteins 3. Isolation and Estimation at DNA from various plants 4. Restriction digestion of DNA, its separation by agarose gel electrophoresis 5. Study of cell types – Guard cells, heterocysts, Sclereids, Storage cells. UNIT II 6. Study of vacuoles from different plants 7. Preparation of feulgen stained chromosome in root iip cells. 8. Effect of colchicine on chromosome movements during mitosis. 9. Use of fluorescent dye to visualize cell components. Reference Books : 1. Johnson Lewys – 2004 : Cell Biology ; sarup and sons, New Delhi 2. E.J. Dupraw – 1970 : Cell and Molecular Biology; Academic Press, London 3. De Robertis and De Robertis – 1997 : Cell and Molecular Biology (VIII); B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 4. C. P. Swanson, T. Merz, and W.J. Young – 1982 : Cytogenetics ; Prentice – Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 5. P.C.L. John (Ed.) – 1981 : The cell cycle; Cambridge University press 6. Benjamin Lewin : Genes – VI, VII and VIII ; Oxford Press. 7. R. A. Chapoldi 1977 : Membrane proteins and their interactions with lipids; Marcel Dekker, inc. N. York 8. A. N. Mortonosi (Ed.) – 1985 : The enzymes of Biological Membrames Vol. I, II and III; Plenum press, New York 9. Watson and others – 2004 : Molecular Biology of the gene ( V); pearses Educatias, Inc India 10. P.C. Turner and others – 2002 : Molecular Biology (II); Viva Books, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 11. W. Ream and K. G. Field – 1999 : Molecular Biology Techniques ; Academic Press, London. 12.Brace Alberts etal – 1983 : Molecular Biology of the cell ; Garland Publ. Inc., New Yorsk. 13.Charlothe J. Avers – 1986 : Molecular cell Biology ; Addision. Wesley Publ. Company 14. Sandhya Mitra – 1988 : Elements of Molecular Biology ; McMillan India Ltd., N. Delhi 15. C. B. Powar – 1992 : Cell Biology; Himalaya Publishing House.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

The journal of Biochemistry 8. Part II Syllabus… . Indian journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Journal of Experimental Biology 7. Journal of Genetics 5. The Journal of cytology and Genetics 6.Current and Back Volumes of following Periodicals : 1. Sc. Trends in Biotechnology M. Cell 3. Cytologia 4. 9. Annual review of plant Biology 2.

Unit: II Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies and Recommendations. Biodiversity. Transference of Function.2 ANGIOSPERM SYSTEMATICS Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I Systematics: A Key science. Cladestics in taxonomy. Endemism. invasions and introductions. conservation. Important Rules Endemism in Western Ghats. Sc.B O 2. : Phytogeographic regions of India. GIS 7 Systems of Angiosperm Classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems. Plant explorations. GPS. Biosystematic categories. magnitude. Importance. importance. Appendices Unit: III Taxonomic tools : Herbarium. The species concept. Categories and ranks Evolutionary Concepts : Origin of intra-population variation. Computers. Angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Unit: IV Phytogeography hotspots. Isolating International Code of Botanical Nomenclature : Salient features-Principles. Botanical gardens. utilization. M. compilation of field notes and preparation of herbarium sheets of such plants. Part II Syllabus… . Provisions for the governance of the Code. hotspots and hottest 15 8 Steps in biosystematics. assessment. Importance of 5 10 5 7 Plant Speciation: Allopathic / Abrupt / Sympatric / Hybrid / Apomictic speciation. Relevance to conservation. Adaptive radiations mechanisms. population and environment General biological Principle. floras. PRACTICALS: Unit: I (1-6) Unit: II (7-8) (9) (10) Identification of genus and species of locally available wild plants Preparation of botanical keys Study of at least 20 locally available families of flowering plants Field trips within and around the University Campus. Sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research 3 Taxonomic Structure: Taxonomic hierarchy.

Families of flowering plants Lawrence George H. 2002. Taxonomy and Biosystematics Etwaed Arnold. Co. Inc.. J. Principles and Techniques of Commemoratory Taxonomy. H. N. V. V. B. Biseu Sigh Mahendra Pal Sign Pehra Duk. 2004. 1993. F. Today and M. R. The systematic Evaluation of comparative data. Plaul. BOOKS : Davis. J. 2004. Donald. Sc. Hulchikson. Ltd. New York Gurcharan Singh. Ltd. Taxonomy of vasadar plants Oxford and IBH Publ. A Hand book of Taxonomy Training. Heywood 1991. Columbia University Press. Sinauer Associales.) 1998. New Delhi Manilal.. J. New Delhi Grnquist. B) Endemic plants. M. Part II Syllabus… . Flowering plaub : Origin. Blakie Academic and Professional. Botanical excursion of about one week duration to any botanically rich location preferable outside the State. 1959. 1951. New Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Delhi Primak. 1984. An Integrated system of Classifications of flowering plants. 1981. D. A Primer of Conservation Biology. Tomorrow Publications. P. London Stace. New Delhi. A. and M. Taylor. S.. H. A. London. K. evolution and phylogeny CBS Publishers a Distributors New Delhi. Stuessy T. Plant taxonomy . Publishers Quicke. L. Plant Systematics : Theory and practice Oxford and YBH Publishing Co. 1989. Ltd. and V. Hickey 1997. Muktesh Kumar (ed. New Delhi Naik. DST. S. Pvt. C) Exotic weeds. and L. C. Pvt.(11-12) Knowledge of at least 25 plant species from each of the following categories : a) Medicinal Plants. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGrow-Hill Publication Com.

Soybean. Unit:III 1. Papaya. Onion. Khun period. Jowar. Roses. Symptomology and Epidemiology : Disease identification based on symptoms. symptomology. physiological. Sadavasivan. Chilly. M. Groundnut. D. Ginger. 4. Teak. bacteria. History. . Chemistry of plant viruses. and Bacteriophage. Potato.) epidemiology (Slow and rapid. Part II Syllabus… . Rajmah. etiology and management of diseases of : Rice. Grapes. Garrett. Bamboo. Economic importance of viruses. Defense mechanism in host : Structural. (external and internal. Role of environmental factors in disease development. S. Brinjal. conformation of Provost’s work Anton De Bary. Introductory Virology : Nomenclature and classification of plant viruses. disease forecasting. laboratory studies. Bajra. 5 2. Contribution of Woronin. Mehta. plant pathology in 20th century. culturing of pathogenic organisms (fungi. TYMV. Bhendi. Sunflower. ultrastructure of TMV. K. Trimulachari. collection of samples. morphology and characteristics of MLO’s Identification techniques of MLO’s colonization. 3 2. causal organism. Gerbera.B O 2. Penetration. Methods of Studying plant diseases and their diagnosis : Field observation. C.) epiphytotics. isolation and purification of plant viruses. Sc. symptomology. genetical and chemical. mycoplasma etc) . History. Sesamum. Sugarcane. Cabbage.3 Plant Pathology Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I 1.C. S. History of plant diseases: Beginnings of modern plant pathology. Coconut. J. Wheat. Cotton. Coffee. Turmeric. T. 5. Tobacco. Dalbergia. Tomato. J. Pigeonpea. causal organism. post penetration and 6 M. Unit: IV 1. Unit: II 1. MLO : Classification. Citrus. Cucurbits. 15 15 3 3 2 2 3. etiology and management of diseases of: Banana. 6 3. Horsefall. Stages of disease development : Pre penetration. Koch’s postulates.

Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical field. 1998 : Plant Diseases Current and back – Volumes of following periodicals : 1. Methods in physiological plant pathology Mehrotra. Damping off. 1980: Plant Pathology Nyvall. Powdery mildew. Unit: II 6. Mahadevan. 1978 : Plant Pathology Aneja. and R. Tikka. Planke. K. A. Smut. N. PMV and YVMV. leaf sopt. G. Part II Syllabus… . G. 1998: management Planke. Reference Books : Agrios. 1963 : Plant Diseases Epidemics and control Rangaswami. 10-12 Estimation of chlorophylls sugars and polyphenols fro healthy and infected leaves. Wilt. Fiber and oil plants Gangopadhyay . 1979 : Diseases of crop plants in India Singh. R. Bunt. A. Vander. Fungal Diseases : Club root. Anthracnose. Rot. R. Downy mildew. Blight and Leaf Spot. A. S. 1979 : Field Crop Diseases Handbook Pathological Problems of Economic crop plants and their Paul Khurama. Journal of Mycology and plant pathology 4. 1982. 2004: Clinical Plant Pathology Kuijit. S. E. ander. 5. : Experiments in Microbiology. Early and late Blight. S. Rust. plant pathology and Tissue culture Cooke. Journal of phytopathology 2. Mycoplasmal Diseases : Grassy shoot disease and Little leaf Viral Disease : TMV. J. 7. E. J. 1969: The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. J.Practicals : Unit: I 1-4. S. R. 1993. 1981. 8. Indian journal of phytopathology 3. F. M. 9. Annual review of plant pathology M. White rust. Shridhar. Nematode Disease : Root knot Phanerogamic plant Diseases : Total and Partial root and stem parasites Bacterial Diseases : Citrus canker. Blast. Sc. 1968 : Disease Resistence in plants. R.

Fibre crop (Agave). Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. 3. pollution control and esthetics Unit: IV 1. 10 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 6 2. seed banks.B O 2. botany and uses of food crop (rice and Sunflower ) Sugar and biomass crop (Sugarcane) Unit: III 1. mangroves and coralreefs for conservation of wild biodiversity 5 2. M. Wetlands. tannins and dyes. Sc. biosphere reserves. general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI). resins and fruits. 7 5 5 5 3. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR). Part II Syllabus… . Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). Important fire wood and timber yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as pigeonpea). field gene banks. cryobanks. non-formal conservation efforts. environmental status of plants based on International Strategies for conservation – in situ conservation : International efforts and Indian initiatives. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for conservation. in vitro repositories. mastigatories and funmitories and beverages 2. Artimesia). Strategies for conservation: ex situ conservation: Principles and practices. antibiotics Medicinal and Aromatic plants (Curcma longa. raw-materials for papermaking. Vegetable oil yielding crop (Safflower. gums. A brief account of major spices. Plants used in Sericulture 4. Plants used as avenue trees for shade. Principles of conservation. Unit: II 1. narcotics. organic acids. Ethnobotany : basic principles and scope 5. protected areas in India – sanctuaries national parks. Origin. Green revolution: Benefits and adverse consequences bamboos. Economic importance and utilization of Lower Plant Groups and enzymes. extinction. evolution.4 (Elective II) Plant Resource Utilization and Conservation Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. condiments. botanical gardens. Ornamental plants 6. General account of petrocrop 3. Economic importance of microbes 2.

Sage Pub. Lawsonia) 11. Part II Syllabus… . N. Garal Duekworth and Co. New Delhi. L. Unit: II 7. Forage / fodder crops : Study of important crops of the locality (Sorghum. tests for oils and iodine number. London (1969) Agrofrestry India Perspeetive. V. Bajra. dyes : Perform simple tests for gums and resins. Vear. Chickpea. Prepare a wet extract of vegetable tannins (Acaeia. :Mustard. Plant fibres a) Textile fibres b) Cordage fibres c) Fibres for stufting 5. Mentha.. : Depending upon the geographical location select any five from campus / wild / crop field Catharanthus roseus. Ltd. G. Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cotton. K. Study of food crops : Wheat. A vasica) Jasminum. S. Mangroves) Dyes (Turmeric . Ramanamurthy. microchemical tests for stored food materials.Practicals : Unit: I 1. Ashish Publishing House. soybean Morphology. Jain. Sugarcane Morphology.) 1) Estimation of proteins 3. Jha and P. C. & 6. Cymbopogon sp. Agare : Coir : Silk cotton / Kapok Morphology. Petro and Sericultural crops.. Advances in Oilseeds Production and Technology.. Gill and K. Sengupta. New Delhi Allen and Unwin Ltd. Sc.K. anatomy. and 8. resins. Bixa. 12. anatomy. microscopic structure of oil-yielding tissues. & 4. 10. Economically important lower plants – two from each group. Eciatific publications Jodhpur A New moral Economy to India’s forests ? – Roger Feffery and Nandini Sundar (1999). London (1954) M. Field survey and submission of report and scientific visits Books : A manual of ethnobotany Ed.Vegetable oils 9. microscopic study of fibre using appropriate staining procedure. Terminalia. K. Butea. 2. T. Maize. Safflower. ICAR New Delhi (1985) Agricultural Botany. tannins. Adhatoda zeylanica (Syn.. Gums.

Ministry of Textiles. Partha ocrruthy Bengalore (1991) Crop Protection Principles and Pratices. Pvt. R. K. P . R. Bassam. P. Pomeranz VCH Publ. Publ. Dogra and R C. Publ.Varghesee S-VD Complete Gardening of India. Inc. Vikas Singhal Indian Economic. New Delhi (1996) Economic Botany. I. B. Publ. Sen Sharma . M. Chapmen and L. W. N. D. B. Frrest Wealth of India Inaccesible to impoverished..Shiva. Jha and P. Hill A.Applied Ethnobotany – E. New Delhi. Giridhar. Donlin. S. (1994) CBS Publishers New Delhi Contributions to Ethnobotany of India. Part II Syllabus… .M. Chaudhary R. New Delhi.P. R. Jain Indian Agriculture. A. Forbes Publ.R. Central silk Board. Mathur (1996). Forest Resources – Crises and Management Natraj Publishers. Meherhomji and N. El. 19996. Iralappan Management of Minor forest produce for sustainability M. Forestry Handbook Ed.R. K. Day Publishing House New Delhi (1997) Handbook of Agriculture. Orford and IBH publishing Co. Parthasarathy and P. Banglore Printing and Publishing Company Bangalore (1966) Forest Management (1996). Simpson and M-Conner Economic Botany. K. Bengalore (2001) Herbal Medicines for human health. S. R. P. A Diamond Jubilee Publication by INSA. ICAR New Delhi (1969) Handbook of Sericultural Technologies. Jayant Jaiswal and K. Trivedy and K. B. House. S. Sc.D.) 1994. The Ronald Press Company New York (1955) Foristry Research and Education in India. Vandana Shiva. Dhiman (edt. B. By G. Pupl. New Delhi Modern General Science and Technology by Y. Freeman and Company Son Fran (1976) Deep Aublicatins. Jemes and Jemes (Science Publichers) U. V. Sudarshan. Introduction to Spices. Aiyer. (1987) Ashish Pub. Mukadam. Dehradun. Kumar.D. Rangaswami. Jaji. Mcgrow Hill Book Company (1962) Energy Plant Species. P. Discovery publishing House. S. New Delhi. K. Carter. Rengedhy G. Gopalaswaniengar. H. New M. Khader. Joryal (1992) Forestry and the People (1994) L. Plantation crops medicinal and arremats Plants. Govt. Ltd. Center. of India. Delhi. Data Res. N. A.K. (2005) Field crops of India by A. K. Their use and inpact on environment and development.

The Useful Plants of India. Rmachandran (1986) CSIR New Delhi. Chapmen and Hall Scientific Publishers Jodhpur 1996. New Delhi (1997) Plants For Man. 1980. Sc.) John Wiley and Sons.IBM publ. K. Wickens. N. Publi. Basil Blackwell Inc. Schery. McGraw Hill Intenational Edition (1986) Oxfod. E. R-M.New Crops for Food and Industry. Hag. Ed. Great Pritan (1976) Tropical forest Resources FAC Forestry Paper (1962) Wealth of India . G.Day.. Smartt – Lengman Group Ltd. The Purpose of forests – Jack Westoby (1987). Part II Syllabus… . New York Tropical – Pulses by J..Old and New Series CSIR Publication M. George P. The biological aspects of rate plants conservation Syrge Hugh (ed. London Ogorzaly.

Genetic problems on gene mapping in higher plants 12. 2. Any 8) 1. Theory of allele frequencies. Changes in genetic structure of populations (Mutation. A. Heterosis. Isolation of plasmid from E. Gene sanctuaries 8 Unit 3: Population and Evolutionary Genetics: Evolutionary theory and population genetics. Gene banks. Isolation of DNA and quantification by spectrophotometer. Applications of computer in plant breeding Practical (2 Units. Institutes engaged in conservation and improvement of crop genetic resources. Centers of origin of crop plants. Genetic variations in natural populations (Protein variation and variation with RFLP and DNA sequences) 15 Unit 4: Classical and modern methods of crop breeding and improvement: Genetic variability in crop plants. Molecular organization of centromere and telomere. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. Genetic drift. Determination of mitotic index. Banding patterns. 7. Cytoplasmic male sterility 7 b) Crop Genetic Resources: Centers of origin of cultivated plants. 4. sativum. Study of floral biology of crop plants 11. Mobile genetic elements and their significance. Smear preparation of Allium cepa. Karyotype evolution 15 Unit 2: a) Genetics of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Mapping of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. Genetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Aloe vera. Nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes. Chlorophytum Rhoeo discolor or any other ideal plants 8. coli. Part II Syllabus… . Molecular plant breeding. Wild relatives of crop plants. Karyotype analysis. Natural selection).SEMESTER III BO 3. Visit to National Research Institute/ NBPGR centers/ Seed Company and submission of field diary. Karyotype analysis in any two plant species. Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA. Global network for genetic conservation and utilization in major crops of world. Vicia faba. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Cytology: Chromatin organization. M. Orcein banding species. Gene families. 2 2 15 6. Molecular marker systems. Migration. Methods of breeding in self and cross pollinated crops.1: CYTOGENETICS AND CROP IMPROVEMENT Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. 5. Importance of genetic conservation. Importance of molecular marker assisted breeding. Sc. 3.

Problems in Genetics Vol. K. Butterworth and Co. and Banarjee. London. Jahier. S. Mitra Sandhya 1994 Genetics a blueprint of life. M. D. John Wiley and sons. Singh. Berlin. 6. C. K. Mandal. P. Sharma. Swanson. Lodish. and Sharma. S. A. 2003. Snustad D. Cytology and Cytogenetics. Gardner. S. Oxford. Strickberger. Gupta. Sybenga. S. and Baltimore. P. J. The theory of plant breeding. A. O. Swaminathan. Clarendon Press. Principles of genetics. Principles of Genetics.. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Springer Verlag. 5.. Ludhiana. Scientific American Books. Journals: 1. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. C. J. K. New York. Sc. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. Winkler. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. J. 3. Oxford University Press. P..Hill Publishing Company Ltd New Delhi. Genes IV. London. 1980. Genetics. Plant breeding. Meiotic configurations. Third edition John Wiley and Sons Inc. R. Ltd. 1983. and Simmons M. Chahal G. Co. Ruger W. J. 1998. A. New Delhi. Bahekar V. Ganguli. M. Chromosome techniques. 2. and Wackernagel W. P.. 4. S. New York. 1979. Journal of Genetics Journal of Cytology and Genetics Cytologia Caryologia International Journal of Food Science and Technology M. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. The Macmillan Company. I Arati Prakashan Aurangabad. W. Lewin. Cytogenetics of crop plants. U. 2003. Genetics. 1968. J. Macmillan and Co. Macmillan India Ltd. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding biotechnological and conventional approaches. I and II. H. J. Ltd. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Kalyani Publishers.Principles and methods. Principles and practice of plant breeding. 1980. Mayo. P. Molecular cell biology. D. 1968. B. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Genetics Fifth edition Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Canada. and Gosal S. J. Sharma J. Part II Syllabus… . Narosa Publishers New Delhi. 2000.. Germany. U. VI. Techniques of plant cytogenetics.Suggested readings: Avers. E.. K. Russell P. Tata McGraw. 1975. Delhi.. Van No Strand Reinhold. Advances in plant breeding Vol. Sharma. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Oxford and IBH Publishing. (Publishers) Ltd. R. and Sinha. J. B. 1993. Darnel. V.Theory and practice.

3. Enzyme / cell immobilization. . Study of phyto-remedation 9. 2. ecological risks and ethical concerns Practical (2 Units. biogas generation. importance. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. 6. Part II Syllabus… 8 7 4 4 4 3 b) Genetic engineering of plants: Aims. scope and importance b) Applications of plant tissue culture c) Techniques of enzyme and cell immobilization. Seed dressing and inoculation with Rhizobia 7. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology: Concept. M. Bacterial transformation and genetic improvement of microbes. construction of genomic and cDNA libraries and vectors Agrobacterium Mediated gene transfer. Sc. Isolation and culture of bacteria.2: BIOTECHNOLOGY & GENETIC ENGINEERING Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. 10. Unit 3: a) Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning. primary and secondary 8 metabolites and enzymes. 5. 8. 4. Any 8) 1. Effect of biofertilizers on growth of plant. Estimation of alcohol. proteomics and bioinformatics c) Introduction to environmental biotechnology d) IPR: Concept. Study of bacterial growth pattern. principles and techniques. selection Unit 4: a) Hybridoma technology and stem cells b) Introduction to genomics.SEMESTER III BO 3. biological control and recycling of waste b) Microbial products: fermentation technology 7 production of microbial biomass. Production of alcohol by microbes. its application in industry 4 4 7 Unit 2: a) Bacterial Biotechnology: Bacterial nutrition and culture. strategies for development of transgenic. Isolation of root nodule bacteria. scope and application of bacteria in agriculture with reference to biological nitrogen fixation.

Novo Industry. 1993. Plant pathology tissue culture and mushroom cultivation. New Delhi. Reinhert. 1996.J.and L.B.K. Boyce.House. Trehan K. 1986. Trends in Biotechnology.Phillips : Plant Cell.Yadav: An Introduction to Microbiology..: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. C. 1977. Narosa Pub..Bernard and Glick and J.P. Razdan. Pub. Molecular Biotechnology. New Delhi.. 1985.: Experiments in Microbiology..S.Dubey. P.C. Fundamental Methods. Biotechnology. 2nd Ed. Bajaj.P. M.: An Introduction to plant tissue culture oxford & IBH Pbl.O. Vikas Pb. Weshwa Prakashan. W. Part II Syllabus… .-Ason Press Washington 1984. tissue and organ culture.G. and Y. A/S. Cambridge Univ. Cambridge. New Delhi 1996.L.Press.D. : Novo’s Handbook of Practical Biotechnology. O. New Delhi 1994. Tauro.2005 Kumar H. 1994. Wiley Eastern Ltd.Oxford & IBH. 1995.C.L. Roberts: Experiments in plant tissue culture. General Microbiology by S. Aneja K. M.Suggested readings: A Text Book of Biotech by R.Kapoor.: Applied and fundamental aspects plant cell.and K.K. Berlin.J Pasternals. K. Springer Verlag. Wiley Estern Ltd. Tissue and organ culture. New Delhi. Dodds. Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA. Gamborg.Co.H.Ltd. New Delhi. Sullia and S Shantharam.S. Sc. J.

Glycolysis in plants and its regulation . Unit –III 3.31 Advanced Plant physiology and plant Biochemistry Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. ‘P’ fractions in plants. Synthesis and degradation of cellulose. Role of Pyrophosphate in plant metabolism. 5. 6. ‘P’ uptake.Phosphorus nutrition – Forms of phosphorus in soil. Estimation of Ascorbic acid. 8. Study of Phosphorus distribution in different plant parts. Sc. Unit –II 2. Estimation of starch.Respiration – whole plant respiration . Regulation of electron transport chain and role of alternate oxidase. To study the effect of potassium on glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase . Organic acid metabolism –Metabolism and roles of oxalic acid. 3.Photosynthesis-A brief outline of chlorophyll biosynthesis and the pigment organization in thyllakoid membrane. Study of enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase. 15 15 Unit –II M. 10. C3 – C4 intermediates. Study of effect of light on chlorophyll biosynthesis. Regulation of Pentose Phosphate Pathway and TCA Cycle . Part II Syllabus… . 4.Carbohydrate Metabolism – Regulation of starch and sucrose biosynthesis. Study of Oxalic acid accumulation in leaf tissue. RUBISCO and PEP Case. Secondary metabolites –Shikimate Pathway and its role in biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY`( Special Paper – I ) B O – 3. Study of enzyme inorganic pyrophosphatase. 11. Practicals :– Unit –I 1. A brief idea of pectin biosynthesis and enzymes involved in pectin degradation. 8 7 6. 10 5 Unit –IV 5. 2. Regulation of PCR Cycle and C4 Pathway. Study of enzyme polygalacturonase. 7. Phosphorus uptake. factors controlling 4. 9. Estimation of Polyphenols. ascorbic acid and malic acid . Estimation of Cellulose.

Edwards. D. B. Wilkins. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Bonner. C. Salisbury. USA). (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol.. Bhargava S. G. (1996): Plant Physiology. Part II Syllabus… . Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Sinha S. and Conn. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. (1983): C3. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. and Ziegler.N. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. II and III.Suggested readings:Bidwell. a laboratory manual. Smith. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. K. Walker.K.K. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. P. NY.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed.C.I. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. The Plant Cell. J.W. W. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. W. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. T. Sane P. L.K. M. S.N. F. and Ghosh A.. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. Pessarkli. M.C. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. (1998): The Plant Physiology. Govindjee. B. E.R. J. and Varner. H. G. Steward F. and Agarwal P. A Comprehensive Treatise. M.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. Hopkins. H. Sc. Marschner. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Mukharjee. C. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Noggle. S. Krishnamurthy. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. M. Taiz. Stump. Moore. I & II. (1979): Plant Physiology. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants.. W. F. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. Miller. H.P. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. Pessarkli. E. I & II.C. and Fritz. S. and Ross. Journal of Experimental Botany.V. G. R. C. H.

histogram and polygon. Ainsworth (1973) and b. special culture media.12.11. Culture : Types of culture media and their preparation. 5 & 6. c. Czapeks Dox Agar and Richard’s medium. Sc. 4. 2. Microtomy of fungal specimen. determination of standard deviation and Frequency distribution. a. Preparation of culture media. Webstor (1980). Status of fungi and research in Mycology and Plant Pathology in India: An overview. Criteria used in the classification of fungi. 11 04 15 15 04 04 04 03 Practicals (2 Units. Microtomy : Types of microtomes.8. f. their identification and Classification. stains and fixatives used. UNIT –III d. UNIT –IV 6. 7.Taxonomy of Fungi (Special paper I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT -I 1. UNIT-II 7. Various systems of classification of fungi. a. Techniques of microtomy. Micrometry : Study of micrometry and its significance in fungal taxonomy. Physiological and Biochemical. 3. PDA. Measurement of fungal dimensions. e. Isolation of fungi from soil. Serological and Nutritional. g.Measurement of spore size. UNIT -II 5. 2. M. Part II Syllabus… . Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Vegetative and Reproductive. water. Cytological and Genetics.3 & 4.Semester III MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. b. Host specificity. General features of fungi. 10.9. air and host plant. Ultrastructural and cultural. Morphology : External and Internal.32.

II. M.W.Mims(1979) : Introductory Mycology.P.Vol. Journals Annual Review of Plant Pathology. Canadian Journal of Botany.Sussman (1973): The Fungi. Alexopoulous.(1994): A Text Book of Botany: Fungi.P. (1967): Morphology and Taxonomy of fungi Buller. (1960): Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi. Johanson. and A. Pandey.B.E.A. S.F.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.L.Plant Pathology and Tissue Barnett.K.H.Sparrow.A.O. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology. Bessey. (1979): Taxonomy of fungi imperfecti.(1909-50):Researches on Fungi Vol.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.and A. Part II Syllabus… . (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. Raychudhary . (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. Sharma.B.II.R. Aneja K.W.(1940): Plant Microtechniques. I.J. C. H..I-VIII.R. Gangulee. E.(1989): Text Book of Fungi. Rangaswamy G.(1975): Advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology. Gangopadhyay S.et al.K. G. IV-A and IV-B. Kendrick.R. H.A.and C. Mycologia.REFERENCE BOOKS: Ainsworth. Sc.S. III . D. S.

SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Mitotic and meiotic cell division 5 b) Meiosis: modes of meiosis. natural and induced polyploids Unit 3: a) Genome analysis in crop plants: Wheat. Meiotic studies in structural hybrids (Rhoeo. types of apomixes in higher plants. Part II Syllabus… 8 . Induction of polyploidy using Colchicine. M. 7. Genetic control of meiosis. Delphinium malbaricum. special type of chromosome. Study of Apomictic Chromosome. Tobacco. 8. mechanism and theories of crossing over. chisma terminalization by using photographs) Pachytene analysis. (03) 5.r 10. euploidy and b) Alien genetic resources in crop improvement: Align addition and substitution lines. Cytological analysis of polyploidy in plants.I) B O 3. Cotton. Smear preparations in Allium cepa. Any 8) 1. Meiotic analysis in plants (Stages. Study of life cycle in Drosophila melanogaste. 6. Genome analysis in wheat/ Gossypium. Special type of chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. Synaptonymal complex 10 Unit 2: a) Structural variations in chromosomes. their cytological consequences. Gene mapping and other uses. significance in plant breeding 8 7 8 7 7 b) Numerical variation in chromosomes. (02) 4. b) Drosophila genetics: Life cycle. Recombination models. B-chromosome its origin and consequences aneuploidy.33: CYTOGENETICS Total Lectures – 60 Unit 1: a) Introduction to cytogenetics. Coix lacriamajobi. genetic regulation of development in Drosophila Practical (2 Units. 9. Study of aneuploidy and chromosome mapping in barely. Structural hybrids. possibilities and limitations Unit 4: a) Apomixis. (2) 2. Sc. chromosome disjunction. 11. Setcreatia Cynotis). chisma. sources and consequences. Triticale transfer of segment from align chromosome. Zea mays. classification. 3. Study of B chromosome in Maize/ Drimia.

Merz T. Swanson C. Plant Breeding and Evolution. 5. and Sinha U. Harti D. K. and Nakayama S.I 1. New Delhi. Khush G. Fikui K. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. 1973 Cytogenetics. 3. Karp G. New Delhi. Gupta P. Gupta P. 1998 Cytogenetics. 1996 Plant chromosomes. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. Sc. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. 7. 2. Minnesota. K. L. S. S. R. New Delhi 9. Swaminathan M. Rastogi Publication Meerut. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. and Jones E. Burnham C. 4. Prasad G. Part II Syllabus… . 10. Burgess Publishing Co. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition.. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. Ltd. and Young J. New Delhi. Academic Press New York USA. M. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. W. 8. P.. Kalyani Publishers. 1999 Cytogenetics. and Sinha S. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. 6. Sinha U. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics.

Determination of organic matter from soil. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. currents. Soils: formation. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. 5. 2. Sc. UNIT 6: 6. TDS and TS).34 ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3.SEMESTER III (Special Paper – I) ENERGY.T. 4. 10. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 1. UNIT 4: 5. EC. 8. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. Land use classification. 6. planning and management. Field visits to Industrial area. 2. winds. Water: Resources and Management. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. Study of soil profile. Fresh water Environment – Wind. soil types of India.light. 9. Determination of BOD at R. Marine Environment. composition. tides. Study of EC and pH of the soil. waves. ii. pH. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. soil profile. Law of limiting factors. 11. TSS. UNIT 2: 3. 3.currents. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. UNIT 3: 4. 7. Study of wilting coefficient.Classification of climate climographs. Part II Syllabus… .

Odum E. K. Part II Syllabus… . (1989) :Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical Methodology. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. M. Kershaw K. Freedman H. C. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Das S. J. Watt K. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. and Das R. R. Bradbury I. Misra R. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. (1996) : Concept of ecology. P. J. Lieth H. M. (1990) :The Biosphere. ( 1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. F. K.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. C. Grims J. Sc. (1971) : Ecology. I. P. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. Misra K. (1973) : Principles of Environment Sciences. Pandeya S.R. A. F. Odum E. Krebs C. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (3rd ed. P. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. (1978) : Ecology. Kormondy E. Greig Smith P. E.

SEMESTER III B O-3.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I)

Unit-I

1

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts, importance of taxonomy and need for classification, hierarchical classification, general and special purpose classifications, Alpha and Omega taxonomy, taxonomy as synthetic discipline.

4

2

THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000, systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity, the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity.

4

3

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus, Albert Magnus, Otto Brunfels, Jerome Bock, Andrea Cesalpino, Jean Bauhin, Joseph Pitton de Turnfort, John Ray; ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students; Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson, Jean B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, De Jussieu, De Candolle, Bentham and Hooker.

7

Unit-II

4

A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: 10 The evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace, i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler, Adoph Engler, Alfred Rndle, Karl Christian MezAugust A. Pulle, Carl Skottberg, B. Hayata; the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein,Charles E. Bessey, Hans Hallier, John Hutchinson, Oswald Tippo, Karl Mez, G. Gunderson, Lyman Benson.

5

RECENT

SYSTEMS

OF

CLASSIFICATIONS:

By

Armen

L.

5

Takhtajan, Authur Cronquist, R. M. T. Dahlgren and Robert F. Thorne. Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat, leaf structure, nodal anatomy, xylem and phloem, inflorescence, flower, androecium, pollen grains, gynoecium, placentation, ovules, seeds, seedlings and fruits. 5

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

7

TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa, Forms of scientific names; major categories: division, class, order, family; minor categories: genus, species and infraspecific categories.

3

8

NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]; Divisions; Principles; Nomenclatural

7

terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype, isotype, syntype, lectotype, paratype, neotype; Effective and Valid publication; Priority; Scientific names-Correct name, Autonym, Basionym, Homonym, Synonym, Tautonym; alternative, ambiguous, illegitimate, naked, rejected and superfluous names. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION, 15 ECONOMIC

INTERELATIONSHIPS,

PHYLOGENY

IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae, Lauraceae, Piperaceae, Aristolochiaceae,

Nymphaeaceae, Moraceae, Urticaeae, Casuarinaceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation, principle of priority, transfer of taxa, effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon, deposition of type, Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers, stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules, placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. • Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Urticaeae, Aristolochiaceae, Casuarinaceae, Papaveraceae, Dilleniaceae, Alismataceae, Aponogetonaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Lauraceae, 15

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Manilal, K. S. and M. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. DST, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi. • Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London. • Taylor, D. V. and L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • • • Takhtajan, A. 1962. Flowering plants- Origin and Dispersal. Hutchinson, J. 1959. Families of Flowering plants. Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC, Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M. Sc. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60

UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification, Brief idea of Plankton, Nekton, Benthos. Marine phytoplankton- dinoflagellates. nanoplankton, ultraplankton, coccoliths. MARINE FUNGI, ACTINOMYCETES, LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. CORALS, FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy, cytology, ultrastructure, salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae), Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Life histories of a few important species . UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek, Estuary, Lagoon and Delta. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’, Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves, East and West coast mangroves, Mangrove shores and forests. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae , Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae, Myrsinaceae, Acanthaceae etc. UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy, Distribution, Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy, distribution, adaptations, morphology, anatomical features. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Dune vegetation, Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 15 15 6 5 4

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Enteromorpha,Chaetomorpha, Ulva ,Caulerpa, Bryopsis etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Padina, Dictyota, Sargassum etc. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Gracilaria, Gelidium , Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus,Halophila etc.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex,Ipomoea etc.). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SUGGESTED READINGS :1. Chapman,V. J. (1976). Costal Vegetation. II nd edition Pergamon Press. New York. 2. Desikachary, T. V. (1975). Marine Plants. N. C. E. R. T. New Delhi. 3. Kumar H.D. Delhi. 5. McConnaughey,B. H (1974). Introduction to Marine Biology. 6. Ranade, D. R. & Gadre, R. V. (1988). Laboratory Manual., M.A.C.S. Pune. 7. Sambamurthy,A.V.S.S.(2005). A Text Book of Algae. 8. Santhanam, R.; Ramnathan,N.; Venkataramanjan K. & Jegathanam,G. (1987) . Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. & Aspects of Marine Botany.Daya Publication Home. Delhi. 9. Sen Neera and Kumudranjan Naskar, (2003). Algal Flora of Sundarbans. Mangal Daya 10. Stein, J. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press. 11. Trainor,F. R. Introductory Phycology. 12. Vashishta, B. R. (1995). Algae S. Chand and co. Ltd., new Delhi. Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Introduction to Phycology. 4. Kumar H.D. and H.N.Sing (1990). Algae. Affiliated East West Press pvt. Ltd. publ. New

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER- I) B 0 3. 37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE- I Theory (4 Units, 60 Lectures)

Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture, laboratory design and

development, operation and management (3); b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture, factors influencing morphogenesis, Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7); c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling, sterilization technique, equipment and apparatus, procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture, Callus formation and its culture, Callus desiccation, organogenesis, meristem culture, axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10); b) Somaclonal variation; selection (5).

Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture, embryo rescuing, synseed (4); b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2); c) Cell suspension culture, cell line isolation (5); d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology; conservation, operation, maintenance, management (10); b) Cryopreservation, its importance and future prospects (5). Practical (2 Units, Any 8) 1&2. Media preparation 3. Sterilization techniques 4&5. Callus culture 6&7. Organogenesis 8&9. Cell suspension culture 10. 11. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses, agro based industries (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1)

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Reinsert.M.and Roverts. Narayanswamy.. Jodhpur.Academic Press.Molecular embryology of flower plants.Suggested readings: Special Paper.L. Springer Verlag. D. 10.and Bajaj.. India.H. New York 15.P. New York. Thorpe.A.A. Plant tissue culture.Tata McGraw Hill Publishers.S.plant tissue culture. S. New York. Gamborg. Co.Narosa Publishing House. 1997. H.W. 2. Press. I.C. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.V. Elsevier Publ. Pvt.Principles of gene manipulation.and Phillips.S. theory and practice.and Venkataraman.P. England.Plant cell and tissue culture. Raghavan. Cambridge Uni. V.1985.V.. Oril Press Oxford. 1974. Old. New Delhi. Academic Press Inc.Cell culture and somatic cell genetics of plants (I).B. 7. S. McMillan Publ. 3. G. Oxford. R. 1983. R. 4.1973. Purohit.A.1976. G. Evans et al 1983. Nelson. Tissue culture. Plant cell culture. L. Dixon. 13. Y.Laboratory procedures and their applications.Reston Publishing Co.Academic Press. Experiments in plant tissue culture.Plant cell.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. O. K. T. 14.a practical approach. S. Bhojwani. and Reddy. Cambridge Uni. Doddas. New Delhi.1981. Scientific Publishers. Srivastava.and Razdan. 11. 9. Part II Syllabus… . P. Reddy.R.1984. tissue and organ culture fundamental Methods. J. 8.Plant.Inc. 12.K. I. J. S..W. Berlin. Vasil. 1985.and Primerose. Sc. N.K. M.Greenhouse operation and management. Ravishankar.2002.Ltd. S. Hand book of plant cell culture vol. Heidelberg. II. 6.1997.1966.Blackwell. L.I 1.1997.1997. 5. III.E.Microbial biotechnology. press. Street H. New York. tissue and organ culture.

8.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY B O 3. A brief idea about role of plant growth retardants a)CCC. 04 4. 7. Photomorphogenesis . Study of changes in starch / protein content during seed development. Post harvest Physiology –Ripening of fruit and its regulation. geotropism and nastic movements. Unit –II 7. Plant movements – Phototropism. Study of changes in respiration rate during ripening of fruits. 9. leaf and flower. cellular localization. 5. Programmed Cell Death. Study of enzyme acid phosphatase during ripening of fruits. 6. Plant Growth Regulators – A brief idea about discovery. Metabolism of leafy vegetables during storage. Unit –II 3. d)Jasmonates e)Polyamines . b)Brassins. A brief idea about role of tissue culture. Unit –III 6.Biochemical changes during senescence of leaves and petals and regulation of senescence. stem. 2. role and possible mechanism of action of a)Triacontanol. Study of changes in RNA and Proteins during senescence. b)Maleic hydrazide. Seed Development –Biochemical changes during development of seeds. To study the effect of different PGRs on seedling growth M.Growth and Morphogenesis-Meristems in plant development. c)Salicylic acid. Unit –IV 8. Part II Syllabus… 06 03 06 . 2. Effect of chemical compounds on pollen germination. Hormonal regulation of leaf and petal senescence. 5. Pollen germination –Physiology of pollen germination and pollen stigma interaction. 10. A brief idea about phytochrome biosynthesis. and mutants in physiological studies. 4. c)Trizoles d)TIBA. mechanism of action of photomorphogenetic receptors. Senescence and PCD. A brief idea about development of plant organs: root. History and discovery of phytochromes and cryptochromes and their photochemical and 11 04 biochemical properties . Sc.41 Plant Growth and Development (Special Paper II) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. roles . Study of lipid accumulation during development of oil seeds. 3. 15 Practicals:Unit –I 1.

W. S. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods.P. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1979): Plant Physiology. H.K. F. R. Pessarkli. Bonner. and Ross..C.C.Suggested readings:Bidwell. I & II. B. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. Hopkins. (1983): C3. S.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. I & II. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. and Conn. USA). Mukharjee.V. Salisbury.. Bhargava S. Pessarkli.C. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. D. P. (1998): The Plant Physiology. a laboratory manual.I. G. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. E. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. S. and Agarwal P.. Marcel Dekkar Inc. Walker. L. W.W. Govindjee.N. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. Part II Syllabus… . and Varner. Sane P. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. II and III. F. K. Miller. Noggle. M.K. E. C. and Ghosh A. Wilkins. (1996): Plant Physiology. J.R. B. C. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. Stump. Sc. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. Steward F. and Fritz. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. and Ziegler. T. Marschner. M. A Comprehensive Treatise. Taiz. C. H. Smith. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology.K.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. The Plant Cell. M. NY. H. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Krishnamurthy. H. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. Journal of Experimental Botany. G. M. Moore. W. G.N. J. Sinha S. Edwards.

alternic Acid.II 7. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. physiological specializations. UNIT-II 3. Bacterial.2 & 3. 10. UNIT-IV 5. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. Cellulolytic. protein for protein hypothesis. Proteins. 6. Part II Syllabus… . antigen and antibody reaction.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Fusaric acids.Production of Pectolytic. 4. Fungal and Nematode. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. M. Victorin. UNIT. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. UNIT-III 4. 8 & 9. Respiration. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. gene for gene hypothesis. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. 5. application of immunological techniques. Toxins lycomarsmine. aflatoxins. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Amylolytic enzymes.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Immunoglobulines. Photosynthesis. Bacteria and Viruses. Deficiency of micronutrients. Sc. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. 11 & 12. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. 2. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Nucleic acids. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Piricularin. Pectolytic. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. Cellulolytic .

R. Fiber and Oilplants. Singh.J. M.U. and P. A.A. Rangaswamy G.M. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. Of California Press. Gangopadhyay S. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. Sc. Mahadevan.S. J.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke.S.E. S. S.(1963): Plant Diseases.F. (1994): Clinic al Plant Pathology.K. Ny vall.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.E.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Plank. A. H. and A. S. Plank J. Aneja K.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. R.P.R. G.N.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management. and R.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.A.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.K.A.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Epidemics and Control. Paul Khurana.London and New York. Part II Syllabus… .B. Padoley. Kuijit. Uni. II.S. R.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Gangulee.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases.(1980) : Plant Pathology.

To study the effect of mutagens on germination.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 3. Germplasm collection. 5. b) Mutation breeding (5). Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. b) Domestication. partial diallele. Estimation of heritability 7. cataloging. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. conservation and utilization (2). Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. Components of variance. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. Quarantine. Drought. 6. Generation mean analysis.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. Exploration and collection of germplasm. 10. Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). (02) (02). Heat and cold resistance (10). data storage and retrieval 4. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). Any 8) 1. Introduction. Salinity. (02). Practical (2 Units. Triallele. seedling growth and on mitosis 2. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). (02). c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. Metroglif analysis. 9. Designing field experiments 8. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). Selection under domestication. D2 analysis. Genetic erosion. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. Genetic diversity (7). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). (02). Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) M. Line tester. and Acclimatization of plants (2). Sc. Assessment of variability. Part II Syllabus… .

Tata McGrow Hill Publ. L. 7. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 7. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. Journals: 1. D. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. 13. 15. Sharma. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 8. Salt and Other stresses. and Singh B. and Hamblin J. Cytologia 5. and Smith D. Ludhiana. New York. A. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. 1989 Plant Breeding . IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. 16. 3. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. Chopra V. W. 9. Micke A. R. Principles and practice of plant breeding. K. 2.C. Allard R. R. 8. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. Part II Syllabus… . Siddiqui B.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Gamma Field Symposia No. . New Delhi. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. CRC Press Florida. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. 12. 17. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 14.. Singh R. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 4. Caryologia 6. Academic Press. Levitt J. Co. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 4. Ltd.M. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. 11. Journal of Genetics 3. New Delhi. Plant breeding. Rosielle A.II 1. 10. and Khna S.stress environments Crop Sci. Fehr W. Hays H. Sharma J. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 5. D. Ltd. Poehlman J. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. Pvt. A. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. Sc. 18. B. D. Kalyani Publishers. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. Singh. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. 2. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut.Principles and methods.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. R. New York. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . 21: 932-946. Vijendra Das L. Immer F.R. Kalyani Publishers. Bulm A.Special Paper. K. FAO/IAEA Symposium (Vol 1&2)Vienna 6. 2000. New Delhi. J.

stratification. Regulation of communities. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. 4. UNIT 2: 1) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. etc. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. Ecotypes. Hot spots. 3. community M. 2. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. Determination of similarity index. Indian Biodiversity (15) Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Biodiversity in India. Sc. Conservation of Biodiversity. Study of the Litter production. Threats to Biodiversity. Study of population dynamics. E) Community as Indicator. Genecology-Ecads. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. community stability. Part II Syllabus… . Community Periodism. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Study of stratification and physiognomy. Density dependant and Independent Regulation.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. 5. Determination of association index.Global and Indian.Ecotone and Edge effect. Global biodiversity.Role of Different factors.

Shukla. P. F. (1997) (ed. Levin. II. Study of Vegetation by transect method. (1996): Biodiversity: A biology of numbers and differences. (1961): The Plant Community. Misra K. P. R. 10. J. Study of community bisects. S. H. (1968) : Research methods in plant ecology. C. (1979): Elements of Ecology. J. and Chandel. Pandeya S. Walter. Part II Syllabus… . A. Krattiger. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of Geobiosphere. Willis. I. Galston. Krebs C. J. K. C. J. and Churchill. (1997): Progress in Ecology vol. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. E. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bradbury I. and Singh. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences.. S. Greig Smith P. M. (1983): Plant Ecology.Community function – Biomass production measurement. S. P. A. 8. (1990): Principles of Environmental Biology. (1996) (4th ed. Nair. S. A. S. G. 9.1990) : The Biosphere.): Biodiversity an Ecological Perspective. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. G. E. and Clements.): Concept of ecology. Sc. Brij Gopal and Bhardwaj. and Higashi. T. S.. (1938): Plant Ecology. K. (3rd ed. J. Visit to local protected or conserved area. Biomass profile for the community. Weaver. M.K. Hamdan. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. P. (1979). Yadav.UNIT 6: 6. 7. J. Determination of IVI. J. C. Suggested readings:• Abe. (1973): Introduction to Plant Ecology. S. D. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. S. Puri. Kormondy E. and Singh. N. Odum E. (1978) : Ecology. et al (1994): Widening Perspectives on Biodiversity. H.

antisera antibody. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. antigen. techniques. classes of compounds and their biological significance. character coding. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. karyotype. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. applications. application of serological data in systematics. Sc. chromosome morphology. 7 cladogram. L/O pattern. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. genetic variations and plant systematics. OUTs.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. NPC of pollen. ecological variations. measurement of resemblances. chemical protein analysis procedures. scope and limitations. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. Part II Syllabus… . construction of taxonomic groups. parsimony analysis. adaptations.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. Basic chromosome number. palynogram. techniques of protein electrophoresis. discrimination. aneuploidy.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. precipitation reaction. unit characters. 7 M. symmetry. cluster analysis. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. excrescences. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. exine stratification. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. Cladastics and classification. serology and taxonomy: history. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. techniques. ECOLOGY. phenons and ranks. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. chromosome banding. merits and demerits. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy.

8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. Pontederiaceae. Cuscutaceae. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. SEM and plant surface stucture. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Part II Syllabus… . Plantaginaceae. Asteraceae. Dioscoriaceae. VARIATIONS. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis M. Boraginaceae. Costaceae. Burmanniaceae. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Lentibulariaceae. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Unit-IV 10 MORPHOLOGICAL. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS. • • Study of chomosomes. vessels. Lobeliaceae. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Orchidaceae. Sc.

1979. U. 1952. • • Fahn. Sketching. 1984. M. Cuscutaceae. A. S. Today and Tommorow Publications. Erdtman. Nat. Plant Anatomy. Acad. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. New Delhi. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. P. Asteraceae. P. Stockholm. Plantaginaceae. Angiosperms. Vikas Publ.S. A.. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.Unit-II • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. • Cronquist. Hafner Publ. Dioscoriaceae. Columbia University Press. G. P.A. Angiosperms. Tata McGraw Hill. New Dehli. 1984. Sc. • Cronquist. and V. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Lobeliaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. 1985. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. and Bhatnagar. New York. Burmanniaceae. Almquist and Wiksell. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. 1952. (Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. classification and identification of families: Gentianaceae. Embryology of Angiosperms. Pontederiaceae. House. Costaceae. H. Sc. B. M. 1981. Boraginaceae. Co. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. • Johri. • Davis. Lentibulariaceae. New York. G. 1988. S. Part II Syllabus… . New Delhi. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. Heywood 1991. New Delhi. • Maheshwari. Ind. H. • Erdtman.) Allen Press. S.

A. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms... 1951. V. K. Part II Syllabus… . P. Blakie Academic & Professional. Donald. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Muktesh Kumar [ed. S.) Butterworths. • Judd Walter S. USA. and M. V. CBS Publishers & Distributers. 1966. K. and M. Stevens P. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. Cmpbell C. S. London. Springer-Verlag. Pollen Biology.Sunderland. London. Hickey 1997. Massachusetts. Kollogg.• Manilal. Donoghue 2008. DST. Rangaswamy. • Lawrence George H.. 1984. V. M. 1992. • Paech. and M. S. K. and N. Evolution and Phylogeny. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. J. New Delhi. N. New Delhi . New Delhi. Ltd. S.] 1998. Ltd. Periodical Expert Book Agency. 1956. Plant Systematics. Oxford and IBH Publ. • Taylor. 1980. New Delhi. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. L. M. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Co. E. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Sc. Flowering Plants: Origin. Pvt. • Nair. New Delhi.A Laboratory Manual. Vol-I & II. Tracey. D. K. and L. R. Sinauer Associates. J. J.F. • Quicke.Publishers. K. • Naik. INC. • Shivanna. 1993.

Role of aspartate. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Salt glands in mangroves. effect of low light condition.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. vitamins for growth of algae. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. in mangroves. Availability in sea water. of these compounds. properties and extraction of Agar. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. 5 MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution.Essential elements. photosynthetic rate.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Photosynthetic enzymes. Factors affecting. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Accumulation of free amino acids.46 BO-3. Significance of vivipary. selective ion absorption. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Chemical structure. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Sc. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones.M. Membrane transport under salinity. 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes.light absorption. Part II Syllabus… . Photorespiration. Uptake. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. Leaf succulence. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. Induction of CAM. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Sc. Ultrastructure of salt glands.

F. (1976) : Costal Vegetation. 9. c) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. 7. (1985) : Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. Stewart. IInd edition Pergamon Press. carotenoids. (1973) : Handbook of Phycological & Biochemistry. (1982) : The Biology of Marine Plants. 6. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. (1974) : Algal Physiology & Biochemistry. e) Determination of organic matter content from sediment. Part II Syllabus… . A. J. V. S.PRACTICAL COURSE II UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. (2005) : A Text Book of Algae. W. Cambridge University Press. Sambamurthy. chlorophyll a. Gerald. 5. J. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suggested Readings :1. & Harrison. Sc. Ring M. UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. Jackson D. b) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. New York. 3. London and New York. (1972) : Biology of Halophytes Academic Press. (1972) : Algae and Man. 2.c. 4.Lumnitzera etc. V. b . R. d) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. London. J. phycobilins etc. S. D. C. Waisel Y. Chapman.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. S. Stein. M. Plenum Press. E. d. 8. Lobban. Edward Arnold Publishers. P.

southern northern and western blotting.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. Part II Syllabus… . 9&10 11. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. protoplast technology (5). gene synthesis machines (10). c) Molecular research procedure. construction of chimeric DNA. Unit 4: a) Genomics. cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. 5. synthesis. 6. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). DNA sequencing. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. 12.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. 2&3. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. 7&8. Any 8) 1. molecular probes. chromosome walking and jumping (9). Sc. Unit 3: a) Isolation. 13. Practical (2 Units. Gene amplification. Theory (4 Units. 4. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). b) Immunology (5). b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. application. Techniques of restriction mapping. DNA polymorphism (7). basic PCR. dot and slot blots. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). its modification.

and Ahuja. Himalaya Publishing House.Agrobios. B. India.Gene Biotechnology. 1996.S. J. Mumbai. S. Gupta. 6.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. India. 2. Elements of Biotechnology.1994. International Book Distributing Co. Sc.principles and practice.1997. Chavala. and Pasternak. Kakralya.l.2001.R. Genetic Engineering. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Part II Syllabus… . Meerut. Jogdand. 1998. Joshi.J. Glick. P. ASM Press.Molecular Biotechnology. Washington 3. B. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. S.1998. India. 5. I.Agrobotanica. India ltd. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Rastogi Publisher. P. New Delhi. H.K.Mcmilan. 2000.Special Paper II: 1. 4. 7.N. M. Mitra.

photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. reduction and assimilation. significance of photorespiration. transport.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 1. Nitrogenase. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. modern concept of electron lipids. glyoxylate cycle. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. (09) (06) M. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. Anaerobic respiration. photooxidation of water. Inhibitor of respiration. gibberellin.1. passive and active solute transport. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 3. Sub classification of C4 plants. membrane transport of proteins. 2. ethylene and ABA. mechanism of electron and proton transport. transamination. “nif” genes.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. Part II Syllabus… . cytokinin. Sulphate uptake. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. Rubisco. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. (09) and modification of CAM. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. Unit -III 5. phloem loading and unloading. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus.the Calvin cycle. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. 4. regulation of nitrogen fixation. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. Sc. carbon assimilation. synthesis of gluconeogenesis.

9) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. (06) Unit –IV 7. phospholipids signaling. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. 7) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. specific signaling mechanisms. floral induction and development.proteins. Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination M. with paper chromatography. (09) 8. Part II Syllabus… . metal ion stress.genetic and molecular analysis. 3) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. salinity. 5) Study of enzyme lipase. endogenous clock and its regulation. role of vernalization. freezing and heat stress. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. The flowering process: Photoperiodism and its significance.g. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 1) Study of enzyme ATPase 2) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. role of cyclic nucleotides. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. e. 4) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. protein kinases and phosphatases. Sc. Unit –II 6) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. 8) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase.6. receptors and G.

9. IX and XII. Miller.E. 17. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology.R.P. M. Pessarkli M.M. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. G. III. Epstein. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.A. F. 13. 5. and Conn. and Zeiger F. Salisbury.B. Marschner. and ghosh A. Levitt.B. II. II and III. Part II Syllabus… . II nd Edition. and Varner. W. (2004): Plant Physiology. Salisburry. Sc. J. and Ross. E. (1969. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. Bonner. 2. Noggle. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. Mukharjee S. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. Stump. (1971): The biology of Flowering. J. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. 6. 14. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.N. G. J. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. Comprehensive M. Taiz L. and Fritz. 7. 4.(1990): Plant Physiology. IV. Devlin. F. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. 15. F. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. 8. Beevers.Reference Books1. 12.N. A Treatise Vol. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. 3.B. E.V. Krishnamurthy. H.I. 10. Wilkins. Gregory. R. 11. G. (1996) Plant Physiology. H. 16. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.

microbes interaction. Post fertilization events. Pollen wall proteins. Causes. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. 6. Part II Syllabus… . nucellus. Lateral roots . Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. generative cell. Sc. Chemotropism.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. pollen tube. (04) 3. causes. endosperms. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. M. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. pollen wall. apomixis. central wall. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 1. Vesscular tissue differentiation . Unit –II 5. ovary. 3. experimental induction and partial importance. root. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. 7. antipodal.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. 4. embryo culture and their significance.(04) 2. Eggs. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 2. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. consequences and significances of (04) (04) (06) molecular aspects of SAM. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. (05) 4. Polyembryony: Classification. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. Application:Utility in systematics. root hairs. Stigma surface proteins. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 1.Determination.

pollen germination. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. pollen calendar and importance. aerial roots of banyan . 3. 2. Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. pollen storage and their significance. 5. pollen analysis. 2. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla.S.Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Citrus) Anatomy: 1. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. microfossil recovery theory and techniques.to Paleopalynology : Principles. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. Agropalynology: Pollen viability. properties of pollen. stomata. (Mango. 3.S. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. Jussieua etc. Pistia. Part II Syllabus… .S.foraging behaviour of bees . Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots 5. Aeropalynology: Principles. unifloral multifloral honey. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Examine of L. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. pollen and spore allergy. 7. techniques. types of stomata . Tabacco. and L. 6. trichomes. 4. microfossil groups and oil exploration. M. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. application in crop productivity.) origin of lateral roots . Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. Sc. 4. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. (02) (02) (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 1.

4 5 Study of allergic plants and their pollen. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. K. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. structure Anatomy: Barnova. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. J D. P. M A.1965: Physiological Masueth. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. Stanley. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. Bot. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. R G and F. C R and L Chalk.Rev. Bot. Biochemistry management Shivanna. E J. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons Solender. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc.53:53-79. K.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. Part II Syllabus… . Cutter. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. Easau. Fahn. R. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. A. 40:2157 Emmes.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. G.Res. P. Sc.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. H. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland.L. B M. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. M. and M C Danials.Palynology: 1 2 3 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora .

P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. K. . Nair. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. P H. A Laboratory manual. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. S T. Sc. Heslop-Harrison. structure and function. Nair. Pandey and Chadha. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology .1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. Tilak. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. Fageri. Y. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. 1971: Pollen development and physiology.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int.Palynology Cunningham. Gregory. K and J Inversen. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. G. Erdtman. Part II Syllabus… . Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. Bhattacharya.

Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Effect of UV radiations on plants. Antitranspirants. zinc). ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Photoprotection mechanisms. (09) (07) 4. Transgenic approach. Part II Syllabus… .Nature of waterlogging stress. Ionic stress . Mechanism of stomatal action.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O.Generation of reactive oxygen species. Oxidative stress . A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. Thermal stresses . Mechanism of UV tolerance. Effect of ROS on metabolism. Radiation stress .4.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. (05) 7. (05) (06) M. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Sc. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Wetland and non wetland species. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Flooding stress .Definition of saline soil.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Drought hardening. Unit –II 3. Unit –III 5. Transgenic approaches. Role of HSP. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. (08) 2.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. Phytoremediation. Water stress .31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Causes of soil Salinization. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. (05) 6.60 Unit –I 1. Transgenic approaches. Cold hardening. Salt stress .

of disease resistance. J. 5) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. 8. S. Fageria. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. (06) 9. T. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. Fitter.(1992): Maximizing crop yield.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. Evans. Allelopathy. Sc. U. and Hay. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. 10. K. 3) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes.T.M. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. 3.C. 4) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. Gaseous stress . 5. U. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress.(1972): Crop Physiology. (1972): Crop Physiology. K. and Orcutt. Cherry.Unit –IV 8.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. N. Biochemical mechanism (09) Suggested readings:1. Practicals:Unit –I 1) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 2) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. Kozlowski. 6. Hale. A. S. Gupta. Unit –II 6) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. M. Gupta. H. S. 9. 4. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. M. L. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. D. R. M. 2. Part II Syllabus… . 7. T.

J. (1980): Plant Pathology.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Paleg. Sinha S.S. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Part II Syllabus… . R. 18. M. Turner. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 15.A. Environmental pollution. and Zeiger F. 25. 28. Pessarkli. I. S. E.K. and Aspinal..V. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. D. 22. N. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Marcel Dekkar Inc. R.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. 16. P. 21. NY. H. Srivastava.G. 12. Yawalkar and Agarwal. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. C.S. L. L. K. I & II. S. Sharma. and Sarin M. Rice. K. Journal of Experimental Botany. Upeke. Y. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. M. M. Everymans Science. L. Sc.. Bhargava S. Levitt. Mansfield. J. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). Manures and fertilizers. J. Marschner. Mehrotra. and Cramer.G.C. W. 20. and Agarwal P. Plant Physiology (USA).D. 17. (1982): Tropical tree crops. (1969. and Gupta. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. Asana. Taiz L. 27. McLaren. Pojakoff Mayber A. C.N. (1975): Plants in saline environment.11. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. N. 26. L.Pessarkli. 19. J. 13. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 29. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. 24. Sane P.K. 14. 23. Nickell. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. and Gale.

UNIT. UNIT-II 7 & 8. Production of Ergot alkaloids. 05 3. 11 & 12. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. 9 & 10. Edible fungi. Cultivation of mushroom. 7. 3. cost benefit analysis. 15 Practicals (2 Units.Semester. Pleurotus spp.development and their maintenance. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. Sc. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. 2. diseases and their control. Part II Syllabus… .. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry.improvement. Study of strain maintenance using different methods.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin.I 1. Preparation of spawn: Grain. 5 & 6.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. 6. 2. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. UNIT-II 4. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. Any 8) UNIT-I 1.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. M. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry.III 5. Perlite and manure spawn. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. Commercial fungal strain : selection. 4.

Fletcher. Singer.(1959): Industrial Microbiology.I Industrial Mycology Vol.T. 10. Rhodes. 3.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. 2. A. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. R.II and III. W.S. 19.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. 6.R.E.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. 5.H.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. 17. 11. A. Aneja K.(1970): The Yeast. W. and Hays.D. Smith. Casida..C. Prescott. 16.S.D. M. Allsopp and H.W.M. 12. Chang. Christensen. Sc.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology.G. Onions. Whipps. Barger.F.D. J. 15. Rose.D.W. Gray. Part II Syllabus… .M.REFERNCE BOOKS: 1.H.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture.J. and Fletcher.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology.:The filamentous fungi Vol.Jr. G. R. 7. D. and Barry. S. 13.A.White. (1975): Mould. . and Dunn. Lodder. 4. and R.D. 9. Dodge.F. 18.O. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. L. C. 20.H. J. 14.and Gaze. J. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. 8. A.R.L.(1961): Industrial Microbiology.(1935):Industrial Mycology.T.P. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I.C. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism.

7. 9. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). T4 genetic map. Genetic exchange in bacteria. 3. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. coli. M. 10. Practical (2 Units. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. translational. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. Genes from plastids and nuclei. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). Media preparation for microbial cultures. fine structure and deletion mapping). genetic recombination in phage. Study of southern blotting (02). amplification using vectors. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Sc. Any 8) 1.III) B O 4. culturing and growing E. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15).an overview (Mutants. coli and Agrobacterium. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. 12. using phagemid vectors. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. Study of transformation (02).SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. 2. production of recombinant DNA molecules. 5. construction of genomic libraries. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). Study of bacterial transduction (02). The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Transformation. Post transcriptional. conjugation and Transduction. Part II Syllabus… . cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). Isolation. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8).

Annual review of Microbiology 2. 2. Sc. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Brown T. New York. 6th Edition W. H. Pvt. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 3. Griffith A. 7. Gupta P. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. R. F. Klug W. T. Twyman R. K. Lewin. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 6. Wolfe S. M. Oxford University Press. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Journals: 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. . Suzuki D. Concepts and Implications. Singh B. Merrill Publishing Company London.. Journal of Experimental Botany 7. Freeman New York. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical M.. 2000 Genes IV. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. Wadwith Publishing Co. 1999 Genetics Principles. D. K. New Delhi. Unwin Hyman Publication London. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Stickeberger M. Viva Books Pvt. Alberts B. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. 12. Caryologia 5. B.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Lewontin R. and W. 8. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. 4. Miller J. 10. J. 1998 Genomes. Ltd. Latchman D. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. S. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective.III 1. V. L. New Delhi. New Delhi. California USA. C. W. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. VI. Ltd. and Cummings M. Charles E. M. 3. 9. S. H. A. 5. Part II Syllabus… . 11. Jain H. 6. New York. Cytologia 4.

Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. Transects. Bisects. (7) UNIT 2: 4. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Ecosystem modeling. leaf area index 5. seed (5) germination. Biomass production by the species. Working model. Energy from wastes. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Biological methods. geographic (LAI). Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. physical anatomy. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. 6. (5) distribution. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. (8) 8.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Methods of primary productivity measurements. Conservation of energy ` (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) M. techniques of producing biomass energy plants. 10. Global primary productivity patterns. Sc.SPECIAL PAPER-III BO-4. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7.Conceptual model. Part II Syllabus… . Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). 2.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 1. UNIT 4: 9. Hydrogen fuel. species environment (microclimate). (3) 3. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential.

Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 8. UNIT 6: 6. Ecological data collection for computer use. 3. Study of Leaf Area Index. aquatic M. Use of ecological model in the field study. Setting up an ecological model. Sc. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. 9. Study of rooting of the cuttings. 5. 7. Study of population growth curve. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 1.Practicals. 11. Part II Syllabus… . 2. Determination of calorific value of wood. 4. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. 10.

(1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Grims J. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. I.M. Misra R. Das S. (1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. Pandeya S. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Odum E. (1989) : Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical methodology. C. C. Misra K.K. A. R. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. J.P.1990) : The Biosphere. M. and Das R. F. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. F. Krebs C. J. P. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. (1978) : Ecology.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. Bradbury I. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere.K. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Sc. Odum E. Lieth H. P. R. Watt K. Freedman H. Kormondy E. (1971) : Ecology. Greig Smith P. (1973): Principles of Environment Sciences. E. Kershaw K. (1996) : Concept of ecology. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. (3rd ed. Part II Syllabus… .

methods in biosystematic studies. C. review serials. bibliographies. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. dictionaries. steps in biosystematic study. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. Typological. J. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. analysis and data presentation. Roxbugh. Prain. acosta. dates of publication. Van Rheede. 5 M. ecospecies.Semester IV B O-4. outstanding botanical libraries. William Griffith. Part II Syllabus… . tabular and lateral keys. computerized keys. concepts of species. cultivated and economic plants. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. world floras and manuals. monographs and revisions. its role in research and teaching. glossaries. Robert kid. Wallich. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). Fyson. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. T. Cooke. concept of species. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Thomas Thomson. color charts. periodicals. Haines. location of type specimens. training and conservation of plants. maps and cartography. Hooker and recent phase by Collet.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. methodology.Nominalistic. Buchnan. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. Santapau. John Burman. Parkinson. John Koenig. Duthie. N. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. concept of genus and family. catalogues. scope and limitations. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. Gamble. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Brandis. D.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. Robert Wight. their merits and demerits. 5 camparium. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. cenospecies. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. dictionaries and addresses. Biological and alternative species concepts. biographical references. Sc.

Salicaeae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Bigoniaceae. M.8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation. Lecythidaceae. Sc.quantum. Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Caricaeae. Pandanaceae. Lemnaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Arecaeae. Mayrean. geographic. Sketching. classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae. local ecological. catastrophic. Tiliaceae. Salicaeae. Lecythidaceae. Arecaeae. • • • Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Araceae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Tiliaceae. speciation and evolution of species. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae. phyletic. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Clusiaceae. SYSTEMATIC 5 POSITION. Araceae. Caricaeae. Passifloraceae. Passifloraceae. Bigoniaceae. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae. Pandanaceae.

• Lawrence George H. Part II Syllabus… . 1993. London. Pvt. K. A. Donald. New Delhi. A. New Delhi. New Delhi. 1994. (2ed.. M. Ltd. M. R. 1997. and L. H. Oxford and IBH Publ. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Plant Breeding Systems. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Cmpbell C. Sinauer Associates. Donoghue 2008. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. J.. New Delhi. Today and Tommorow Publications. • Quicke.Publishers. 1981. Wiley Eastern limited. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Rao. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. • Naik. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. V. J. • Taylor.Selected Readings • Cronquist. L. Stevens P.A. Kollogg. 1951. S. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. and V. • Shivanna. E. New York. • • Richard. Cambridge. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. M. Johri 1985. R. New Delhi . • Judd Walter S. Hickey 1997. 1984.. • Cronquist. R. Co. k.) Chapman and Hall. Evolution and Phylogeny. INC. Dehra-Dun. Blakie Academic & Professional. USA. Heywood 1991. Flowering Plants: Origin. P. V. • Davis. N. A. 1988. A. Massachusetts. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.Sunderland. and B.) Allen Press. Sc.S. Columbia University Press. J. J.F. 1994. H. D. U. Plant Systematics. Ltd. CBS Publishers & Distributers. • Endress Peter. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). and M.

Sea as an environment. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. wind. Abiotic factors . pesticide. factors M. distribution and types. Human impact. Toxic metal pollution. Calcification. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Sc. distribution.Chemical (salinity. nutrients) Physical ( light. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . Estuaries. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. morphological adaptations in mangroves. Oceans. 9 UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. Types of Coasts. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. 10 CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. temperature. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. Sc. Biotic factors . Oil. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. Natural and anthropogenic stress . CO2. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. tidal action. O2. Role of phytoplankton. Anatomical. ocean floor)factors. affecting. diversity. reef algae. Detritus based food chain. Ecological significance. sewage. physiological. Biomagnification. Concept of Marine Park.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . waves. Part II Syllabus… .floral and faunal components. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. Threats and conservation measures.M. 5 10 5 10 5 PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. sources and impact.

Marine Botany. trichomes.P.C. Lobban. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. Today and Tomarrow.Bakshi. Publ.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC.B. E. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. Naya Prakash. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. salinity. • • McConnaughey. Chand and Co. (1994). H (1974). Suggested Readings :• • • • • Chapman. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. Algae . Kumudranjan. Vol. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. Naskar. Gerald. P. J. J (1985). Introduction to Marine Biology. Current trends in life science.Cambridge University Press. Dawson (1960).V. • Pandey B. e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. M. pH. c) Study of salts glands. S. New York. Costal Vegetation. Daves. S. Dwijendra Narayan Guha . I and II. II nd edition Pergamon Press. Mangrove Swamps of the • Naskar. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . An Ecological Perspective. Marine Botany Physiology and Ecology of Seaweeds. and chlorinity of seawater . (1985).23: Agromicrobes. Kumundrajan and Rathindranath Mandal (1999). & Harrison. J. New Delhi. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. New Delhi. C. Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. Sundar bans. Vol. Ltd. sclerides in mangroves . (1976)..

E. Saenger. R. Laboratory Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion.Y & Lalli. N. V. Cambridge University Press. Today and Tomorrow . (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Rao and D. M. Macintosh (1988).23. Kuala Lumpur. R. M. C. Part II Syllabus… .N. (1988). R. (1999). • • • Stein. R.. T.J. R. Zha. Mangrove Ecology. Agromicrobes. New Delhi. Tait. Soepadmo. . (1981) Elements of Marine Ecology. Springer. V. Mangrove Environment Research Management. J. Silviculture and Conservation. Proceedings of Asian Symposium. P. Current Trends in Life Sciences Vol. Maita.• Parsons. A. & Gadre. M. • Ranade. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Sea Water Analysis. • • • Round Ecology. D. Publi. Sc. (2002).

Secondary metabolites from callus. 4. Ficus etc. edible antibodies (6). Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). (8). Practical (2 Units. Factors affecting product yield. Gene banks (5). cell suspension. Cell suspension culture. biotransformation. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). Somatic embryogenesis. M. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. Study of transgenic plants. Preparation of biofertilizers. 8&9. 2&3. reporter genes (4). Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. 5.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Any 8) 1.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Bioreactor. (5). b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Pinus etc. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). edible vaccines. Hairy root culture. 6. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. Anther. Part II Syllabus… . orchids. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. Sc. Study of synseeds. cell cultures.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS.III) B O 4. embryo culture. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. c) Molecular farming. Applications in public sector (2). Tectona. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. 11. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Theory (4 Units. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. selectable markers. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. 7. 10.

and Ahuja. G. India. New Delhi.J. 3.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. B. Biotechnology in crop improvement. 5. K. Marcel Dekker. India. India. Reddy. and Reddy. Kakralya. B. International Book Distributing Co. Meerut.S..Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2. L. Chavala.1997. Trehan. M.A..K. Srivastava. Part II Syllabus… . Rastogi Publisher. 9. 1998. J. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. Scientific Publishers.l.1997.G. Schlegel. New Delhi. Cambridge University Press. 7. General microbiology. P.Biotechnology.and Venkataraman. Glick. Washington. Gupta.Suggested readings : 1. A.Ltd. H. 2000.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. 4. I. Elements of Biotechnology.V.Molecular Biotechnology. Sc. New Delhi. D.R.. Purohit. Jodhpur.M. Agricultural Biotechnology. Altman. 6.Microbial biotechnology. ASM Press.Agrobios.R. 1998.1994.2001. and Pasternak.P.1994. New York.1995. H.K. Ravishankar. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. S. H. 8. S. Pvt.

Harvest index. (06) 2) Nutriophysiology . sex determination and fruit development. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Unit –II 3) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. Biofertilizers. Sc. (09) M. Foliar applications of mineral elements. Factors controlling crop productivity. Role of PGRs in flowering. water use efficiency and N use efficiency.Semester-IV B O – 4. lime and gypsum as soil additives.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Physicochemical properties of soil.Photoperiodism and vernalization. Biotonics.Physicochemical properties of soil. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) Ethylene and post harvest physiology. (06) (09) 4) Reproductive physiology:. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. CO2 as a fertilizer. Part II Syllabus… . Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. Factors influencing mineral uptake.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1) Crop growth and its regulation.

31. (1972): Crop Physiology. S. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. 26. K.4) Determination of N.(1972): Crop Physiology. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. M. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. J. U. 29. Fitter. M. Practicals:Unit –I 1. 28. 8) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. Kozlowski. R. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. Evans. D. U. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. Cherry.M. N. Invading weeds. Sc. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. Part II Syllabus… . 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. 32. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. 33. L. K. Gupta. and Orcutt. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status).(1992): Maximizing crop yield. 34. 30. 27. weedicides and their mode of actions. NAR. Gupta.) 3. 7) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. S.C. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:25. S.T. Fageria. Hale. A. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. LAR. H. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. LAI.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. M. etc. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. and Hay. T. T.

(1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. J.Pessarkli. N. Part II Syllabus… .35. S. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology.. N. Everymans Science. Y. M. I. 28. and Sarin M.K. 37. Srivastava. P. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Marschner. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology).N.G.K. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. L. Plant Physiology (USA). Nickell. M.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. 25. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture.G. 27. 40. 36. 46. 38. J. Taiz L. and Agarwal P. H.J. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Pessarkli. Rice.C..S.V. (1980): Plant Pathology. and Gale. 48.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. M. Manures and fertilizers. Levitt. Journal of Experimental Botany. Mansfield. Marcel Dekkar Inc.D. 41. Mehrotra. R. 29. (1982): Tropical tree crops. and Gupta. Yawalkar and Agarwal. I & II. (1969. and Cramer. 45. W. 47. and Zeiger F. Turner. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. 26. J. L. Pojakoff Mayber A. (1975): Plants in saline environment. K. 43. 44.A. Sinha S.S. NY. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. E. Sane P. Environmental pollution. 42. C. L. C. Sc. L. Sharma. Paleg. S. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. McLaren. Upeke. Bhargava S. 39. R. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. D. and Aspinal. Asana. K. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants.

Bajara (Green ear). contact and 10 05 Systemic fungicides. VA-Mycorrhiza. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). Pigeon pea (Wilt). symptomology. Sc. Rice (Blast). Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). Cotton (Angular leaf spot). 15 15 M. Trichoderma viride.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. formulation and classification of fungicides. UNIT-III 4 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. 2. Biological control Agents. Sunflower (Downy mildew). 15 UNIT-IV 5. Methods of disease diagnosis. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). Quarantine laws. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Seed certification. Grapes (Powdery mildew. Citrus (Canker). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. Pseudomonas flurescans. plant treatments of Fungicides. pathogens and their management. international approach. Part II Syllabus… .Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. field observation.harzianum.IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. seed. Culture methods. UNIT-II 3. Tomato (Early blight). fungicide resistance in plants. Potato (Early and late blight). isolation and identification of Pathogens. soil. uptake and mode of action. Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). avoidance of pathogen. Chemical methods. Glomus. Anthracnose. Banana (Blight). Wheat (Rust and Bunt). Soybean (Mosaic). Downy mildew). T. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides.

11. Mehrotra R. 11 & 12.B. REFERENCES BOOKS 1. R.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology. F. 2 & 3. Gangopadhyay. 2. Padoley. 4 & 5. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory.K. M. G. Symptomology. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. 9.E.(1980): Plant Pathology 7.C.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases.Ltd. Sc. Part II Syllabus… .F. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. D. S.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Ny Vall. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. 8.N. Agrios. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. 6 & 7. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. 3. 10. R. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases. S.(1963): Plant Diseases. 5. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Singh.F.S. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique.9 & 10.T. Pvt. 6.Practicals (2 Units.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.S. UNIT-II 5.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. Collection and preservation of plant diseases. Kenneth M. R. S. 8. 4. and P.

constructing chimeric DNA (7). resistance against plant viral diseases. cellular hybridization. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). 9. Somatic embryogenesis 10. Gene cloning using PCR 8. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. cell line isolation. selection of the transformed host cells. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). maintenance and management (5). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Bacteriophages. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. 12. Study of DNA markers using RAPD M. Bacterial. insertion of gene in vector.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. operation.plasmid. cloned gene expression (6). Yeast. Cloning vectors. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. 7. 5. 3. b) Transgenics. Cell line culture 4. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7).SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Protoplast fusion and culture. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. 2. Part II Syllabus… . somatic embryogenesis. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). Shuttle vectors. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. Practical (2Units. hairy root culture (5). Human genome project.an overview: Mapping. Hairy root culture 6. b) Genomics. Isolation of genomic DNA. Ti. herbicide resistance. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. expression vectors. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. structures of host gene. c) Isolation of the desired gene. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. Sc. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Drosophila. transformation. Any 8) 1. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. production of secondary metabolites. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3).

14. 1999 Genomes. K. 11. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 1993. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. Gustafson J. Razdan M. Trigiano R. A. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. 9. Razdan M. Rastogi Publications Meerut. C. Thimmaiah S. 4. S. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Manibhushanrao K. 1996. Ltd. 7. Gupta P. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. CRS press LLC. 16. Elsevier Science. Springer –Verlag. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. Mitra Sandhya 1996. 2000 Plant cell. and Lal S. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. S. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. and Cocking E. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. 13. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. 17. Brown T. Ltd. K.Special Paper. Old R. 1999. Pvt. W. Narosa Publication New Delhi. 12. Winkler. K. Sc. D. Reinert J. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. and Bajaj Y. Lal R. Genes and Agriculture. 20. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. 3. S. and Wackernagel W. 15. USA. Plenum Press London. 8. and Bhojwani S. 1994 Plants. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana.IV 1. Ltd. Chrispeels M. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Razdan M. 1979. 21. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. K. 5. CRC Press. Chawala H. and Mahadevan A. and Primrose S. Ruger W. and Sadava D. R. 6. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. 10. Singh B. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. M. Part II Syllabus… . Singapore. 19. J. B. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. U. J. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. E. 2. Kumar U. P. N. Ltd. Vidhyashekaran P. Pvt. P. 2000 Genomes. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. and Gray D. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Pvt. P. Gustafson J. 18. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. Tissue and Organ culture.

. Graeme M. Durbin R. Andreas Bazevanis. 26.22. F. Mount D. F. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 23. 25. M. Wennacker Ernst L. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 5. W. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Journal of Plant Biotechnology 8. Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology 7. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. B. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2. 24. Journal of Experimental Botany 4. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) 6. Jagota A. Part II Syllabus… . Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Sc. Cambridge University Press. Francis Ouellette and B. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Eddy. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 1. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. Sean R. Anders Krogh.

44 PAPER. (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Recycling of resources. Methodology. Oxygen sag analysis.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Vehicular and Industrial gases. pesticides.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Mining. Pathogens. heat. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals : 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: A) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Vermitechnology. salts. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) M. Carbon and world climates. Air quality loss. Nuclear winter.Role of plants and microbes. Waste management. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. In India. Air pollution monitoring devices. heavy metals. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . Self purification of natural streams. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. Sc. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. causes and consequences.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES.Conservation and management. Nutrients. Part II Syllabus… . (6) B) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility.

Sc. R. Measurement of dust fall. 3. De. II Balkrishnan. Study of IUCN Red list categories. K.M. and Johnson. Study of garbage. and Bie. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. S. Gregory S. Part II Syllabus… . 4. vol. H. Borgstrom. 10. C. Dash. Measurement of vehicular pollution. M. 2. UNIT 5: 1. Lal. Study of wetland macrophytes. C. M. R. 5. 7. E. B. Misra K. 8. (1990): Waterfall Ecology. (1987): Environmental Conservation. A. et al (1978): Fresh water wetlands. C. (1988): Recent climatic changes: A regional approach. (1994): Environmental Chemistry. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. W. M. J. (1993): Fundamentals of Ecology. A. D. Suggested readings:• • • • • • • • • Adriano. J. 9.Practicals. EIA study-I. (1989): Acidic precipitation. UNIT 6: 6. EIA study-II. (1994): Tropical Ecosystems. and Black. Good. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Oowen. M.. Study of Biological Indicators.

endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra. Tricoccites. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. loss and conservation. Guttiferae: Myrtaceae: Sahnipushpam. monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms. assessment. Palmocarpon. Pandanaceae: Viracarpon. Unit-II 2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of India. theory of tolerance. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism. Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron. Sc. Land Bridges.Palmae: Palmoxylon. shifting of poles. gnetales-angiosperm theory. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity.45 BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS Unit-I 1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil 9 angiosperms. its importance. Musaceae: Musa cardiospermum. phytogeographic regions of the world. biodiversity of India. Malvaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Sahniocarpon. megacentres of endemism in India. 5 5 M. coniferales-amentiferae theory. stachyospory-phyllospermae theory. centre of origin. Red List categories of IUCN. Sahnianthus. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale. Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. categories.IV) B O-4.Semester IV ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper. Chitaleypushpam. Harissocarpon. Cradle of angiosperms. Enigmocarpon. geographical history. Gramineae: Graminocarpon. Time of origin of angiosperms. Part II Syllabus… . Indocarpa. pentoxylales theory and durian theory. Daberocarpon. World organisation for conservation of biodiversity. Sonnertiorhizos. Keystone and flagship species. anthostrobilus theory. sacred grooves and their importance. ethical principles of conservation biology. caytonian theory. theories of differentiation and natural selection. means and ways for conservation. 5 6 Continental Drift. types and areas of natural distribution. Rhizopalmoxylon. pteridosperm theory. probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory. Sonnertioxylon.

fly. Santalaceae. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. moth. Xyridaceae. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. moth. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. butterfly and wasps flowers. Eriocaulaceae. Polygalaceae. Sapindaceae. Sc. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. pollen. cheiropterophily. Rhizophoraceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. types of 15 pollination. Rhizophoraceae. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. biology of floral parts-calyx. tour report. 15 Unit-II • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. ornithophily. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. corolla. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. carpenter bee. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. style and stigma. Hydatellaceae. ) M. Polygalaceae. Typhaceae. butterfly and wasps flowers. Viscaceae. Co-evolution of angiosperms.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. pollination mechanism. Carpenter bee. Santalaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. insects and fungi. sex distribution in plants. Sketching. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. Apiaceae. Apiaceae. androecium. Hydatellaceae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. entemophily-bee. Viscaceae. Loranthaceae. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Sapindaceae. fly. (In second term of IV Semester. anemophily. Loranthaceae. hydrophily. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Typhaceae. Xyridaceae. Eriocaulaceae. Part II Syllabus… .

M. S. • Taylor.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Oxford and IBH Publ. P. 1997. Nayar. Wiley Eastern limited. A. 1988. Columbia University Press. V. John Wiley & Sons. Ltd. and V. Blakie Academic & Professional. • Synge. M. S. • Manilal. 1994. and M. k. Muktesh Kumar [ed. A. Stevens P. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy.A. Nayar. H. • Endress Peter. K.Publishers. 1984. Kerala • Ahmedullah. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Donald. New Delhi.F. P. • Quicke. and L. INC. J. • Lawrence George H.Sunderland. and M. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. • Rao. Palode. M. 1987. • Shivanna. • Judd Walter S. New Delhi.] 1998. Johri 1985. J. M. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). 1994. Plant Systematics. New Delhi. and B. (2ed. DST. New Delhi. V.) Chapman and Hall. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. Botanical Survey of India. A. New Delhi . CBS Publishers & Distributers. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Plant Breeding Systems. 1951. Hugh (ed. R. Pvt. H.. Part II Syllabus… .. L. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Donoghue 2008. Sinauer Associates. E. K. Massachusetts. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Flowering Plants: Origin. R. Hickey 1997. J. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. USA.. • Naik.) 1980. S. New Delhi. Today and Tommorow Publications. 1981. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. D. Cmpbell C. Ltd. • • Richard. • Davis. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. 1993. J. Kollogg. U. Heywood 1991. Co. Evolution and Phylogeny.) Allen Press. 1996. New York. P. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Nepal and Bhutan. Dehra-Dun. • Cronquist. Cambridge. London.S. M. R. Sc. A. N. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. and M.

litter fall. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. horticultural crops. Herbarium technique.Standing crop. Source of iodine. aquaculture. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media.food . PART II (SEMESTER IV) MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY BO-4. Similarity index etc. . 7 8 M. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. modelling technique). Medicinal uses. timber.Gracilaria etc. Sc. Chemical preservation.M. pulses. Mariculture of Porphyra . Industrial applications of seaweeds. medicinal products. Undaria . Part II Syllabus… . ornamentals.46 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI ( SPECIAL PAPER IV ) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. fire wood. cereals. oil crops. Use of GPS.crops.Laminaria. Species diversity index. fodder. difficulties in getting axenic culture. potential genetic resources. 5 8 2 5 7 8 UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. Storage of specimen. apiculture. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. live stock. feed. Sc. Domestic bioresources . DIATOMS: Application and uses. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. gas exchange. Wild bioresources .

. Seaweed Research and Utilization Association. Sc. Delhi. New York.L. Bioresources Status in Selected Costal Location. Venkataramanjan K. Applications for Environment and Earth Sciences • Swaminathan M. of India. (1976). Cambridge University Press. J. (Field Guide). b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. Marine Plants.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. R. and similarity index of mangroves. SUGGESTED READINGS:• • • • • Beck.D. Chapman. Shivaji University.G. P. & Smol . UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). c) Study of diatoms (cleaning.N. • Santhanam. Research foundation (2003). Costal Vegetation. • • Stein. J.(2005). V. National Bioresource Development Board (Department of Biotechnology) Govt. R. F. M. (1998). & Jegathanam. Coral Reefs of India. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. Kannupandi. Jackson. (1972). ENVIS Publication Series 2/98. S. E. Introductory Phycology. Algae and Man.G. e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. & Aspects of Marine Botany. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique.. Plenum Press. Phytoplankton of Indian Seas.F. d) Determination of S.J. Biotechnology of Microalgae. T.I. Stoermer. • Trainor. Mangroves of Maharashtra. State of Art Report.F. R. Untawale. II nd edition Pergamon Press.Daya Publication Home. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Madras. Editor). Asso. Ramnathan. ( A. Bhosale. • Krishnamurthy.V.D. (1985).J.Kolhapur. The Diatoms. (1987) . e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. Part II Syllabus… .

3. Nod genes. Part II Syllabus… . Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. Nif genes. 4&5. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. Food. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Agro biotech fields. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. 6&7. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). cooperative programmes (5). M. Collection. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units.47: APPLICATION. wastewater treatment. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Practical (2 Units.IV) B O 4. Hup genes (5). Patent of genes and DNA sequences. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. microbes in leaching of metals (10). Formulation of patent proposal. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. Intellectual Property protection. Study of GMOs. b) Patent systems in India. 8. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. public verses private enterprises. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). 11. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Visit to Biotech firms. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Sources of patent information. b) Global biotech scenario. a case study (5). Symbiotic N2 fixation. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. Any 8) 1&2. Sc. 9&10.

J.IV 1.Suggested readings: Special Paper.. Schlegel. 5. Scientific Publishers. International Book Distributing Co. Marcel Dekker.A. S. 6.Ltd. L. Elements of Biotechnology.V.S. Gupta. Altman. India. Trehan.J. Pvt.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. P.R.and Ahuja. 7. 2000.l. B.P.M.Biotechnology. 2.Wiley Eastern Ltd. Special Paper. Gupta. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. A. S.Microbial biotechnology. Ravishankar. India. 2.1994. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). M. B. 1996.Molecular Biotechnology. ASM Press. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). 3. H. Elements of Biotechnology. ASM Press. New Delhi. Marcel Dekker.1997. H. India ltd. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Glick. Purohit.2001.1994.R. G.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. Agricultural Biotechnology.K. Agricultural Biotechnology. Meerut.1997. Washington.III 1. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. Jodhpur. K. and Reddy. Reddy. New Delhi. Kakralya.principles and practice. Srivastava. P. New York. New Delhi. 1998. Cambridge University Press. Washington. and Pasternak. Technology information.Mcmilan. 5. Glick. Chavala.and Venkataraman. 2000. Sc.K. 1998.R. Meerut. Rastogi Publisher. J. and Pasternak.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. 3.1994. 6.Agrobios. B. I.. Lecture notes on patents. New York. Part II Syllabus… . 4. Altman.1995. 9. Technology information.. H.K. India. D. General microbiology. 1998. 8.G. S.Molecular Biotechnology. India. 4. Mitra. 2002. J. Technology Bhavan. A. Genetic Engineering. Rastogi Publisher. New Delhi.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus… .

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus… .

Part II Syllabus… . Sc.M.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus… .

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. 5. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Photosynthesis. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. 11 & 12. 4. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Toxins lycomarsmine. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. antigen and antibody reaction. alternic Acid. application of immunological techniques. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Cell wall degrading enzymes . Victorin. 2.2 & 3. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. Bacterial. UNIT-III 4. UNIT-IV 5. 6. UNIT-II 3. UNIT. Respiration.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Bacteria and Viruses. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Amylolytic enzymes. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Fusaric acids. protein for protein hypothesis. Cellulolytic. Nucleic acids. M.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. physiological specializations.II 7. aflatoxins. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Sc. Pectolytic.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. 8 & 9. Part II Syllabus… . Cellulolytic . Immunoglobulines. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. 10. Proteins. Deficiency of micronutrients. gene for gene hypothesis.Production of Pectolytic. Piricularin. Fungal and Nematode. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development.

(1963): Plant Diseases.M. Gangulee.A. Ny vall.S.P.London and New York. S.(1980) : Plant Pathology.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management. Padoley. Aneja K. II.B. G. A. R. Epidemics and Control. Kuijit.S. Sc. Gangopadhyay S. and A. Uni. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition).(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.F. M. Plank. Fiber and Oilplants. and R. Plank J. J.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios.K. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants.A.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.R.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol.J. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra.U.E.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. Part II Syllabus… .S.E. Singh.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke. Of California Press. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. R.K. H.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field.A.N. S. Paul Khurana. Rangaswamy G.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. and P. Mahadevan. A. R. S.

partial diallele. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 13. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). 20.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. Germplasm collection. Line tester. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. Any 8) 11. and Acclimatization of plants (2). Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. M. conservation and utilization (2). Sc. Generation mean analysis. Salinity. Practical (2 Units. Estimation of heritability 17. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. (02). data storage and retrieval 14. Quarantine. cataloging. b) Mutation breeding (5). Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). (2). Heat and cold resistance (10). To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. Exploration and collection of germplasm. seedling growth and on mitosis 12. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. Metroglif analysis. 19. (02) (02). Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. Triallele. Genetic diversity (7). Introduction. 16. Drought. Genetic erosion. 15. Part II Syllabus… . d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). Selection under domestication. Assessment of variability. Components of variance. D2 analysis. b) Domestication. Designing field experiments 18. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) (02). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1).SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3.

L. Academic Press New York USA.. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. Gamma Field Symposia No. 1996 Plant chromosomes. 17. Kalyani Publishers. Special Paper. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. Plant breeding. Sharma. 26. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. W. Burgess Publishing Co. Karp G. .II 19. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. S. 1973 Cytogenetics. New Delhi 19. Prasad G.. K. 15. 20. R. Swaminathan M. Harti D.Principles and methods. 13.I 11. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. W.C. Singh. 21. Siddiqui B. 18. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. 25. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 22. Immer F. 1998 Cytogenetics. S. Khush G. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. Ludhiana. Micke A. and Khna S. Fikui K. Sinha U. Gupta P. and Nakayama S. Rastogi Publication Meerut. and Sinha S. P. A. Ltd. Ltd. 14. Co. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 23. and Smith D. Plant Breeding and Evolution. New Delhi. New Delhi. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. Minnesota. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… . Burnham C. and Jones E. and Young J. 1999 Cytogenetics. FAO/IAEA Symposium 1&2)Vienna 24. Hays H.R. New Delhi. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. Gupta P. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . 2000. Tata McGrow Hill Publ.. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. J. 20. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. D. 16.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. K. Kalyani Publishers. B. Allard R. (Vol M. Sc. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. and Sinha U. Swanson C. 12. Merz T. K. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. R. Principles and practice of plant breeding.Suggested readings: Special Paper. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement.

CRC Press Florida. Fehr W. 35. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Academic Press. Cytologia 13. 21: 932-946. Bulm A. Journal of Genetics 11. and Hamblin J. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 16. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 15. New Delhi. R.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New York. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 32. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. D. Chopra V. Kalyani Publishers. and Singh B. Rosielle A.27. 29. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. Part II Syllabus… . Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Journals: 9. Vijendra Das L. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. New Delhi. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. Salt and Other stresses. 28. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. 1989 Plant Breeding . 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. Levitt J.M. Poehlman J. 36. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Roy Darbeshwar 2000.stress environments Crop Sci. Singh R. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. Pvt. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. D. 30. 33. New York. K. Ltd. Sc. 31. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 12. A. Sharma J. R. 10. L. Caryologia 14. 34.

Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. 16. soil profile. 15. UNIT 4: 11. UNIT 2: 9.SEMESTER III Special Paper . Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. 12. pH. Soils: formation. composition. waves.34 PAPER. Study of EC and pH of the soil. winds.T. 13. Land use classification. UNIT 6: 17. Fresh water Environment – Wind. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. EC. TDS and TS). Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. Law of limiting factors. TSS. Study of wilting coefficient. Water: Resources and Management. 8. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 12. soil types of India. 22.currents. ii. UNIT 3: 10. Sc.light. Part II Syllabus… . Determination of BOD at R. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. currents. Marine Environment. 14. Study of soil profile. 19. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. Determination of organic matter from soil.XI: ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 7. planning and management. 18. 20.Classification of climate climographs. tides. 21. SEMESTER III (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M.I ENERGY. Field visits to Industrial area.

(6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. UNIT 2: 2) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. Ecotypes. Biodiversity in India. Regulation of communities. Conservation of Biodiversity. E) Community as Indicator. Global biodiversity. community stability.(SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Genecology-Ecads.Role of Different factors. stratification. Part II Syllabus… . UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Hot spots. etc.Global and Indian. Threats to Biodiversity. Sc.Ecotone and Edge effect. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. community Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) M. Community Periodism. Indian Biodiversity (15) (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities.

Community function – Biomass production measurement. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. Study of the Litter production. Study of stratification and physiognomy. 14. Study of Vegetation by transect method. 20. Determination of IVI. 17. Biomass profile for the community. 15. Determination of similarity index. 18. Sc. Study of community bisects. Visit to local protected or conserved area. Part II Syllabus… . 12. Determination of association index.UNIT 5: 11. M. Study of population dynamics. UNIT 6: 16. 13. 19.

Andrea Cesalpino.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I) Unit-I 1 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts. inflorescence. De Candolle. B. Lyman Benson. species and infraspecific categories. pollen grains. family. seedlings and fruits. Bessey. 5 Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat. Sc. Jerome Bock. general and special purpose classifications. minor categories: genus. Bentham and Hooker. systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity. Part II Syllabus… . Alpha and Omega taxonomy. flower. Hans Hallier. M.Charles E. Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson. androecium. nodal anatomy. Karl Mez. Oswald Tippo. taxonomy as synthetic discipline. R. order. ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students. leaf structure. 3 M. A. Gunderson. hierarchical classification. 5 RECENT SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATIONS: By Armen L. Joseph Pitton de Turnfort. xylem and phloem. 7 Unit-II 4 A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: The 10 evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace. Thorne. Albert Magnus. Adoph Engler. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity. the missions of systematic agenda-2000. John Hutchinson. Jean Bauhin. importance of taxonomy and need for classification. P. Alfred Rndle. Hayata. seeds. T. the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein. Dahlgren and Robert F. Pulle. gynoecium. 5 7 TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa. 4 3 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus. 4 2 THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000. Takhtajan. Carl Skottberg. Karl Christian MezAugust A. major categories: division. ovules. Jean B. M. de Lamarck. G. i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler. class. placentation. Otto Brunfels. John Ray. Forms of scientific names. Authur Cronquist.SEMESTER III B O-3. De Jussieu.

Hydrocharitaceae. Alismataceae. placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. Dilleniaceae. Homonym. Nymphaeaceae. Najadaceae. Lauraceae. Urticaeae. Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. principle of priority. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation. Nymphaeaceae. Casuarinaceae. Principles. Priority. paratype. Basionym. Nomenclatural 7 terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype. Nelumbonaceae. Effective and Valid publication. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. isotype. stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Alismataceae. illegitimate. Divisions. transfer of taxa. effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon. Najadaceae. Aristolochiaceae. deposition of type. syntype. Autonym. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers. Aponogetonaceae. Ranunculaceae. Aristolochiaceae. Casuarinaceae. Sketching. Papaveraceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added M. classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae. Piperaceae. Lauraceae. rejected and superfluous names. neotype. Synonym. Lauraceae. PHYLOGENY IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae. Scientific names-Correct name. Sc. Piperaceae. 15 Aponogetonaceae. ambiguous. • Descriptions. Part II Syllabus… . naked. Hydrocharitaceae. Alismataceae.8 NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]. Tautonym. Moraceae. 15 ECONOMIC INTERELATIONSHIPS. Urticaeae. Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. alternative. Magnoliaceae. lectotype. Nymphaeaceae. Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules. Moraceae. SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION.

The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. and L. and M. A. Columbia University Press. • Lawrence George H. U. Plant Systematics. Flowering plants.Origin and Dispersal.] 1998. New Delhi .F. Sc. • Davis. Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist.S. 1993. V. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed. • Cronquist. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Hickey 1997. Ltd. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training.. • Naik. 1984. Co. Kollogg. New Delhi. 1959. J. Donoghue 2008. J. J. Blakie Academic & Professional. Part II Syllabus… . Publishers. H. New Delhi. M. A. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. D. A. Flowering Plants: Origin. Heywood 1991. P. Sinauer Associates. H. Massachusetts. New York. N. Evolution and Phylogeny. Hutchinson. Judd Walter S. 1962. INC. K. S. • Manilal. Pvt. 1951. • • • Takhtajan.A. Stevens P. New Delhi.. Cmpbell C. USA. 1981. and M. • Quicke. Donald. S. Today and Tommorow Publications. 1988. E. DST. J. Families of Flowering plants. Oxford and IBH Publ.. A. L. Ltd. M. London. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Sunderland. and V. • Taylor. New Delhi.) Allen Press. V. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.whenever necessary.

Part II Syllabus… . Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. merits and demerits. ECOLOGY. karyotype. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. NPC of pollen. character coding. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. chromosome banding. palynogram. genetic variations and plant systematics. application of serological data in systematics. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. classes of compounds and their biological significance. pollen characters of taxonomic importance. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. 7 cladogram. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. Basic chromosome number. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. discrimination. adaptations. chemical protein analysis procedures. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. techniques. antisera antibody. chromosome morphology. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. aneuploidy. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. symmetry. exine stratification. precipitation reaction. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. cluster analysis. antigen. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. OUTs. excrescences. construction of taxonomic groups. 7 M.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. techniques. Sc. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. unit characters. parsimony analysis. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. ecological variations. applications.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. measurement of resemblances. serology and taxonomy: history. scope and limitations. techniques of protein electrophoresis. Cladastics and classification. phenons and ranks. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. L/O pattern.

Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Pontederiaceae. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. classification and identification of families: 3 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 Cuscutaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. Costaceae. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Boraginaceae. Sc. vessels. VARIATIONS. SEM and plant surface stucture. Unit-IV 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. M. Burmanniaceae. • • Unit-II Study of chomosomes. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Boraginaceae. Lentibulariaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Costaceae.. Gentianaceae. Plantaginaceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Dioscoriaceae. Plantaginaceae. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Lobeliaceae. Lobeliaceae. Dioscoriaceae. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Orchidaceae. Pontederiaceae. Lentibulariaceae. Sketching. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Asteraceae. Cuscutaceae. Part II Syllabus… . Burmanniaceae. Asteraceae.

CBS Publishers & Distributers. M. New Delhi. Ltd. and Bhatnagar. 1979. New Delhi. 1993. Periodical Expert Book Agency. P. S. and M. Stockholm. K. Plant Anatomy. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. Columbia University Press. G. London. Evolution and Phylogeny. M. Tata McGraw Hill. New Delhi. 1952. S. New Delhi. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. • Davis. 1984. L. 1966. and L. 1985. Co. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Vikas Publ. Oxford and IBH Publ.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. N. Donald. • Cronquist. P. Almquist and Wiksell.S. A. Angiosperms. Embryology of Angiosperms. • Taylor. Angiosperms.) Allen Press. V. • Maheshwari. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. B. Heywood 1991. Hafner Publ. Blakie Academic & Professional. New Delhi. J. Sc. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Flowering Plants: Origin. K. Erdtman. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New York. Ltd. 1988. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. G. Part II Syllabus… . 1981. Pvt. H. 1984. A. Sc. Muktesh Kumar [ed. New Dehli. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. DST. 1984. K. P.] 1998. J. • Lawrence George H. V. New Delhi. U. • Cronquist. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. H. • Nair. Today and Tommorow Publications. • Johri. • Manilal. • Quicke. New Delhi . • • Fahn. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. 1951. Hickey 1997. and V. • Naik. M. Ind. New Delhi.(Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation.A. House. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. 1952. D. • Erdtman. S. Co. P. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. S. S. Acad. Nat. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. New York.

S.F. 1992. Plant Systematics. Cmpbell C.• Paech. Pollen Biology. Vol-I & II. Part II Syllabus… . Donoghue 2008. K.Publishers. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis.A Laboratory Manual. INC. Springer-Verlag. S. Massachusetts. • Shivanna. Sc. A. Stevens P.. M.Sunderland. Sinauer Associates. and M. and N. J. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. Rangaswamy. 1980. 1956.) Butterworths. Tracey. USA. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. and M.. Kollogg. R. London. • Judd Walter S. E.. V. K.

Marine phytoplankton. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’.dinoflagellates. 6 5 4 UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy. coccoliths. Estuary. UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek. Brief idea of Plankton. Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves. Bacillariophyceae. ultrastructure. Chlorophyceae. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3. Benthos. East and West coast mangroves. CORALS. Dune vegetation. Nekton. Lagoon and Delta. Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes.M. cytology. ultraplankton. Morphological and anatomical adaptations. salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae). Distribution. anatomical features. MARINE FUNGI. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae . Myrsinaceae.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification. morphology. Sc. Mangrove shores and forests. nanoplankton. Acanthaceae etc. FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. Life histories of a few important species . adaptations. LICHENS. Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae. ACTINOMYCETES. Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 M. 15 15 UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . distribution. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ M.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Sc. Enteromorpha. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex.Ipomoea etc. Gelidium .PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Ulva .).Caulerpa. Bryopsis etc. Padina.Halophila etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. Gracilaria. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex. Hypnea etc. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae.Chaetomorpha. Dictyota. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus. Sargassum etc. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. Part II Syllabus… .

Availability in sea water. Photosynthetic enzymes. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. selective ion absorption. vitamins for growth of algae. Chemical structure. Sc. Factors affecting. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour.Essential elements. Sc. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. photosynthetic rate.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. effect of low light condition.light absorption. Accumulation of free amino acids. properties and extraction of Agar. Part II Syllabus… . Membrane transport under salinity. Photorespiration. Uptake. Salt glands in mangroves. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Ultrastructure of salt glands. of these compounds. PRACTICAL COURSE II 5 5 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Role of aspartate. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Significance of vivipary. Induction of CAM. in mangroves. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. Photosynthetic carbon fixation.M. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones.46 BO-3. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. Leaf succulence.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Determination of organic matter content from sediment.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. chlorophyll a. d. i) UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. g) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. carotenoids. Sc.c. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. M. b . Part II Syllabus… . d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants.UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. f) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. h) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. phycobilins etc.Lumnitzera etc.

I) B 0 3. Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture. operation and management (3). Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture. axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10). synseed (4). embryo rescuing. conservation. Media preparation 3. d) Hairy root culture (4). Sterilization techniques (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) 4&5. Unit 4: a) Green house technology. its importance and future prospects (5).SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. management (10). sterilization technique. agro based industries M. equipment and apparatus. Organogenesis 8&9.37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. b) Cryopreservation. factors influencing morphogenesis.I Theory (4 Units. Callus desiccation. laboratory design and development. Sc. Callus culture 6&7. c) Cell suspension culture. Any 8) 1&2. b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses. operation. organogenesis. 11. meristem culture. Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7). Practical (2 Units. cell line isolation (5). Callus formation and its culture. Part II Syllabus… . procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). b) Somaclonal variation. maintenance. c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling. selection (5). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture. b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2). Cell suspension culture 10.

DNA sequencing. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. 2&3. Techniques of restriction mapping. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). Part II Syllabus… . 4. 12. c) Molecular research procedure.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. 13. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). its modification. 7&8. DNA polymorphism (7). b) Immunology (5). 5. Unit 3: a) Isolation. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. Unit 4: a) Genomics. 6. chromosome walking and jumping (9). southern northern and western blotting. 9&10 11. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. application. synthesis. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). Practical (2 Units. Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. molecular probes.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. dot and slot blots. construction of chimeric DNA. protoplast technology (5). Any 8) 1. gene synthesis machines (10). Gene amplification. Theory (4 Units. basic PCR. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). Sc.

B. P. ASM Press. New Delhi.Mcmilan. I. P.1997. 14. 2000. India. Joshi. Jogdand.J.Agrobios. Chavala. J. 12. Genetic Engineering and its applications.S. Sc.principles and practice. and Pasternak. H. Glick.1998. 1998. Biotechnology in crop improvement. Part II Syllabus… . 13. 11.K. Mumbai. India. International Book Distributing Co. Washington 10. Genetic Engineering. Kakralya. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. S.Gene Biotechnology.R.l.Special Paper II: 8. Rastogi Publisher. M. S.1994. B. 9. 1996. Himalaya Publishing House.and Ahuja. Meerut.Agrobotanica.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.Molecular Biotechnology. Mitra. India ltd. India.2001. Gupta.N. Elements of Biotechnology.

nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. Part II Syllabus… . regulation of nitrogen fixation. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction.the Calvin cycle. modern concept of electron lipids. 12. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. glyoxylate cycle. significance of photorespiration. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Anaerobic respiration. Sub classification of C4 plants. Sc. Unit -III 13. mechanism of electron and proton transport. reduction and assimilation. transamination. cytokinin. “nif” genes. ethylene and ABA.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 9. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. The flowering process: M. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. (09) and modification of CAM. carbon assimilation. (09) (06) 14. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. phloem loading and unloading. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. Sulphate uptake. Nitrogenase. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 11. transport. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. passive and active solute transport.1. gibberellin. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. photooxidation of water. Inhibitor of respiration. membrane transport of proteins. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. Rubisco. 10.

Unit –II 15) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. salinity. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. with paper chromatography. specific signaling mechanisms. endogenous clock and its regulation. e. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. role of cyclic nucleotides. M. 19) Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination. 14) Study of enzyme lipase. 18) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. role of vernalization. freezing and heat stress. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 10) Study of enzyme ATPase 11) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. protein kinases and phosphatases. 17) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. receptors and G.proteins. metal ion stress. floral induction and development. 12) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. Sc.g. (06) Unit –IV 15.genetic and molecular analysis. 16) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. Part II Syllabus… . 13) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Signal Transduction: -Overviews. (09) 16.Photoperiodism and its significance. phospholipids signaling.

III.E. and Conn. IX and XII. Comprehensive M. E.Reference Books1.N. Levitt. Noggle. F. 16.P. Miller. (2004): Plant Physiology. and ghosh A. 10. G. Gregory. Marschner. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Krishnamurthy.R. E. and Ross. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. 17.A. IV. Part II Syllabus… . Sc. Salisbury. G. (1996) Plant Physiology. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. II nd Edition. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. Devlin. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. 11. 4. Bonner.B. 2. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress.M. (1971): The biology of Flowering. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. and Varner. J. and Zeiger F. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. 8. 9. Taiz L. F. R. Mukharjee S. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Wilkins. 6. Epstein. Salisburry. Stump.N. G. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. (1969.I. 15. Pessarkli M.(1990): Plant Physiology. 12. A Treatise Vol. W.B. II and III. M. H. F. J. 13. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. 5. 14. and Fritz.V.B. J. 3. H. 7. II. Beevers.

(04) M. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. apomixis.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. 14. (04) (06) Unit –II 12. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. central wall. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Polyembryony: Classification. Sc. 13. Stigma surface proteins. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 6. (05) 11. (04) 9. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. 10. Eggs. causes. Part II Syllabus… . abnormal male gametophyte and their function. Pollen wall proteins. Causes. generative cell. Post fertilization events. consequences and significances of (04) molecular aspects of SAM. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 5. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. pollen tube.Determination. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. Chemotropism. nucellus. endosperms. pollen wall. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. embryo culture and their significance. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 8. antipodal. experimental induction and partial importance. ovary.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4.

Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. pollen storage and their significance. pollen germination. 8. application in crop productivity.S. M. (02) (02) (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. (Mango. (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 6. 11. and oil exploration.foraging behaviour of bees . pollen calendar and importance. 8. root. and L. techniques. Lateral roots . Vesscular tissue differentiation . pollen and spore allergy. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots Agropalynology: Pollen viability. Sc. microfossil groups Aeropalynology: Principles. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. pollen analysis.S. Application:Utility in systematics. 7. 10. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. 9. properties of pollen. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony.to Paleopalynology : Principles. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. 10. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. Tabacco. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo.7. unifloral multifloral honey. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. root hairs.microbes interaction. 9. Part II Syllabus… . Citrus) Anatomy: 8.

1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. P.Res. E J. stomata. Part II Syllabus… . 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. types of stomata .S. Pistia.1965: Physiological plant anatomy Masueth. Study of allergic plants and their pollen. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize.53:53-79.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. R G and F. Biochemistry management Shivanna. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. Bot. K. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology.) origin of lateral roots . A. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. aerial roots of banyan . Easau. R. Bot. J D. structure Anatomy: Barnova. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. 40:2157 Emmes. and M C Danials. M A.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. B M. K. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. Palynology: 1 2 3 4 5 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . G. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. Study of leaf anatomy – structure.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. Jussieua etc. Cutter. Examine of L. trichomes.Rev. P. Stanley. 14. Sc. 13. C R and L Chalk. Fahn.L. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons M. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants.12.

Erdtman. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. K. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. K and J Inversen. G. . Sc. Tilak. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Bhattacharya. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . Palynology Cunningham. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. S T. Heslop-Harrison. Fageri.Solender. P H. structure and function. Pandey and Chadha. Gregory.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Nair. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Nair. Part II Syllabus… . A Laboratory manual. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. H. Y. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson.

Radiation stress . Phytoremediation. Effect of ROS on metabolism.Nature of waterlogging stress.60 Unit –I 10. Unit –II 12. Water stress . Transgenic approaches. Mechanism of stomatal action.Generation of reactive oxygen species. Flooding stress . (08) 11. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. (05) 16. Transgenic approach.4. Causes of soil Salinization. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Salt stress . Cold hardening. Unit –III 14. Wetland and non wetland species.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Role of HSP.Definition of saline soil. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. (05) (06) . Effect of UV radiations on plants. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Drought hardening. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. (05) 15. Photoprotection mechanisms. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Ionic stress .Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Thermal stresses . Antitranspirants. (09) (07) 13. zinc). Oxidative stress . Mechanism of UV tolerance.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Transgenic approaches.

Gaseous stress . (06) (09) 18. Unit –II 14) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance.Unit –IV 17. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. Allelopathy.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. Biochemical mechanism . 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. 12) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. of disease resistance. 11) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. Practicals:Unit –I 9) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 10) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. 13) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity.

CO2 as a fertilizer.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 5) Crop growth and its regulation. Harvest index. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status.Physicochemical properties of soil. Biofertilizers.Photoperiodism and vernalization. Role of PGRs in flowering. Factors controlling crop productivity. Ethylene physiology. Biotonics. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. Foliar applications of mineral elements. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Unit –II 7) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance.Semester-IV B O – 4. Factors influencing mineral uptake. sex determination and fruit development. (06) (09) 8) Reproductive physiology:. lime and gypsum as soil additives. Physicochemical properties of soil. (06) 6) Nutriophysiology . Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) and post harvest (09) . Role of chelates in mineral utilization. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function.

Evans. K. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. 53. D. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. Practicals:Unit –I 1. Kozlowski. U. Cherry. Fitter. M. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:49. N. S. 59. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls.(1972): Crop Physiology. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. 15) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. K.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. weedicides and their mode of actions. etc. S.4) Determination of N. H. A. 55. 54. NAR.C. M. J. R. and Orcutt. . Fageria. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). T. (1969. 50. 58. 56. and Hay. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. S. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming.M. 16) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India.) 3. Hale. J. T. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. Invading weeds. (1972): Crop Physiology. 52. Gupta. Levitt. LAI. U. L. LAR. 57. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. 51. Gupta.T.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants.

J. 72. . 68.V. S.Pessarkli. Everymans Science.A. Asana. I & II. L. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. 65. Taiz L.K. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants.. and Zeiger F. 63. 29. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. McLaren. Nickell. 64. C. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. 62. (1975): Plants in saline environment. and Sarin M. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. and Gupta.. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. N. R.S. 69. Journal of Experimental Botany. M. NY. 26. Y. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 71. D. and Agarwal P. Sinha S. Sharma. and Aspinal. I. N. M. C.N. and Cramer. and Gale. Paleg. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. Rice. L.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. 27.G. Marcel Dekkar Inc.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. P. Srivastava. Upeke. S. 66. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development.J. Pojakoff Mayber A. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. 28. Plant Physiology (USA). Environmental pollution. J. Yawalkar and Agarwal. R. 70. Marschner. 67.D. L. Pessarkli. 25. Mansfield. H.K. E. (1980): Plant Pathology. Manures and fertilizers. (1982): Tropical tree crops. Bhargava S. W. 61.S. K. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology).G.C.60. K. L. Turner. Mehrotra. Sane P.

Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. 7. Pleurotus spp. 15 Practicals (2 Units. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. 05 3. UNIT-II ..development and their maintenance. diseases and their control. 2. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. 6. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography.I 1.III 5.Semester.improvement. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. UNIT. cost benefit analysis.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. Commercial fungal strain : selection. Any 8) UNIT-I 5. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. 5 & 6. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. UNIT-II 4.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. 7. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. 6. Production of Ergot alkaloids. 8. Edible fungi.

25.S. Rhodes. Onions. Cultivation of mushroom. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. 26.H. Whipps. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins.D. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms.C. Smith.(1961): Industrial Microbiology. 21. 31. Allsopp and H. 9 & 10. 23. J.M. 20. 22.G.A.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology.D. Barger.T. D. 19. W.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin.II and III. Christensen.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. Singer. A. .C. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms.:The filamentous fungi Vol. R. REFERNCE BOOKS: 17. Lodder. S.D. and R. G.E. Casida. Perlite and manure spawn. J.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. 18.R. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. 22.S.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. and Hays.O. and Dunn. 32..Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. (1975): Mould.D.W. 30. Rose. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms.P.7 & 8. 11 & 12.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology.R.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.I Industrial Mycology Vol. Prescott.(1970): The Yeast.F. Preparation of spawn: Grain. 28.(1935):Industrial Mycology.H.D. R. 17. Chang. W. and Barry.M. A. L. 29. Fletcher.W.White. A. 27. C. (1964): Industrial Microbiology.and Gaze.J. Gray. Dodge.T. 23. J.F.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. 21.H. Aneja K. and Fletcher. 24.L.Jr.(1959): Industrial Microbiology. .

15 UNIT-IV 5. Cotton (Angular leaf spot).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 3. formulation and classification of fungicides.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Seed certification. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). Methods of disease diagnosis. soil. UNIT-II 3. pathogens and their management. international approach. isolation and identification of Pathogens. Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. VA-Mycorrhiza. avoidance of pathogen. Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. fungicide resistance in plants. Soybean (Mosaic). uptake and mode of action.harzianum. contact and Systemic fungicides. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut).Bajara (Green ear). Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Sunflower (Downy mildew). Tomato (Early blight). Downy mildew). plant treatments of Fungicides. seed. 4. Trichoderma viride. T. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). Chemical methods.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Potato (Early and late blight). Citrus (Canker). field observation. Anthracnose. Quarantine laws. Culture methods. Rice (Blast). symptomology. Pigeon pea (Wilt). Wheat (Rust and Bunt). 15 15 10 05 . Biological control Agents. Glomus. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. UNIT-III 5 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Banana (Blight). Grapes (Powdery mildew. Pseudomonas flurescans.

R. Mehrotra R. 6 & 7.S. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. 14.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. 16. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. R. D. G. UNIT-II 5. 15.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. 21. 4 & 5.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. Collection and preservation of plant diseases. F.F. and P.(1980): Plant Pathology 18. S. REFERENCES BOOKS 12. R. Agrios. Any 8) UNIT-I 2. Pvt. 19.K.E. 13. 22.C.Practicals (2 Units. Padoley.B.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. Symptomology. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. S.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology.F.T. 2 & 3. 8. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media.9 & 10.(1963): Plant Diseases.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition). Kenneth M. S. Gangopadhyay.N. Ny Vall. 17. 20. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses.S. . Singh.Ltd. 11 & 12.

RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7).an overview (Mutants. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. amplification using vectors. using phagemid vectors. translational. Post transcriptional. 10. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). 9. 7.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. 3. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). Study of southern blotting (02). 5. Study of bacterial transduction (02). Genes from plastids and nuclei. Genetic exchange in bacteria.III) B O 4. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). 2. b) Molecular analysis of DNA. Isolation. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. Practical (2 Units. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Media preparation for microbial cultures. conjugation and Transduction. production of recombinant DNA molecules. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). Any 8) 1. T4 genetic map. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. culturing and growing E. coli. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. Study of transformation (02).SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Transformation. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways.12. . In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. coli and Agrobacterium. genetic recombination in phage. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). construction of genomic libraries. fine structure and deletion mapping).

somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). somatic embryogenesis.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. Bacteriophages. production of secondary metabolites. constructing chimeric DNA (7). herbicide resistance. Cloning vectors. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. b) Transgenics. insertion of gene in vector. 5. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. Cell line culture 4. selection of the transformed host cells. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. 2. c) Isolation of the desired gene. Somatic embryogenesis 10. Drosophila. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Bacterial. transformation. 3. b) Genomics. 12. Any 8) 1. 7. Study of DNA markers using RAPD . resistance against plant viral diseases. structures of host gene. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. cell line isolation. cloned gene expression (6).an overview: Mapping. Hairy root culture 6. maintenance and management (5). hairy root culture (5). Practical (2Units. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). Gene cloning using PCR 8. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. Protoplast fusion and culture. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. Yeast. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. Shuttle vectors. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. expression vectors. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). cellular hybridization. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10).plasmid. Ti. Human genome project. 9. Isolation of genomic DNA. operation.

Viva Books Pvt. Wolfe S. Caryologia 12. C. Klug W. 18. Twyman R. J. 1999 Genetics Principles. New Delhi. 17. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. Gupta P. 6th Edition W. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Freeman New York. Charles E. M. M. Miller J. L. Griffith A. 22. New Delhi. and Cummings M. 21. K. Ltd. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) . New Delhi. Concepts and Implications. Journals: 8. New York. Latchman D. Wadwith Publishing Co. 23. Alberts B.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Lewin. 15. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 15. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 13. 2000 Genes IV. Merrill Publishing Company London. Pvt. 20. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. B.. H. VI. S. 19. A. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. W. Brown T. Cytologia 11. Lewontin R. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology.III 13. Ltd. Singh B. 24. California USA. 16. 1998 Genomes. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 10. R. and W.. Annual review of Microbiology 9. Stickeberger M. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. K. T. Oxford University Press. . D. John Wiley and sons Singapore. S. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. Journal of Experimental Botany 14. H. Unwin Hyman Publication London. Jain H. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. V. 14. Suzuki D. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. F. New York.

1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. 36. P. 32. Manibhushanrao K. Ltd.IV 27. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Razdan M. Lal R. and Sadava D. Reinert J. Singh B. 33. Ltd. 41. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. . Winkler. 37. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. D. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. 39. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. Tissue and Organ culture. 1999. B. Genes and Agriculture. S. Chrispeels M. and Wackernagel W. 31. K. S. CRS press LLC. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. Chawala H. 35. Springer –Verlag. and Mahadevan A. E. Thimmaiah S. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. Old R. 46. Elsevier Science. Vidhyashekaran P. W. K. Plenum Press London. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. 1979. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Razdan M. 29. N. Razdan M. Singapore. Pvt.Special Paper. 42. 47. USA. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. A. Mitra Sandhya 1996. Trigiano R. Gupta P. Pvt. J. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. J. 1999 Genomes. 30. R. 1994 Plants. 38. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. Ltd. 45. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. K. 2000 Genomes. Ltd. and Cocking E. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. 1993. P. 2000 Plant cell. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. 40. Gustafson J. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. S. 43. 44. Ruger W. P. 1996. Gustafson J. C. U. Narosa Publication New Delhi. and Lal S. K. Brown T. 34. and Primrose S. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. 28. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. and Bajaj Y. Rastogi Publications Meerut. and Bhojwani S. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. CRC Press. and Gray D. Kumar U.

1987 From Genes to Clones.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Journal of Experimental Botany Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology Journal of Plant Biotechnology International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Graeme M. Wennacker Ernst L.48. Mount D. 50. B. Eddy. 15. 16. 52. Jagota A. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. 14. W. Anders Krogh. 51. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 49. F. Sean R. Andreas Bazevanis. 11. . Cambridge University Press. Durbin R.. 12. Francis Ouellette and B. F. 13. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 9. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis.

leaf area index 11. techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Global primary productivity patterns. Working model. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. Biomass production by the species. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. (5) distribution. Energy from wastes. (7) UNIT 2: 10. Biological methods. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. 12.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Methods of primary productivity measurements. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Hydrogen fuel. Bisects. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. UNIT 4: 11. Ecosystem modeling. species environment (microclimate). (8) 10. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources.Conceptual model. (3) 9. Transects. physical anatomy. 10. 8. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT .SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. seed (5) germination.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 7. Conservation of energy (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) . geographic (LAI). Methods in autecological study: Systematic position.

13. Use of ecological model in the field study. 17. 10. aquatic . Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. Ecological data collection for computer use. 16. Study of rooting of the cuttings. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. UNIT 6: 15. 11. Study of Leaf Area Index. Determination of calorific value of wood. 12. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. 14. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 10. Setting up an ecological model. 11. Study of population growth curve.Practicals. 18. Study of petro crops and other energy plants.

In India. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Carbon and world climates. heat. pesticides. Pathogens. Oxygen sag analysis. Vehicular and Industrial gases.Role of plants and microbes. Air quality loss.SEMESTER IVENERGY. causes and consequences.Conservation and management. UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Vermitechnology. Air pollution monitoring devices. Nutrients. heavy metals.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) . Waste management. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Nuclear winter. Methodology. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility.44 PAPER. Self purification of natural streams. salts.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Mining. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone. Recycling of resources. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: C) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. (6) D) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account.

14. 19. Study of Biological Indicators. Measurement of dust fall. UNIT 5: 11. Study of IUCN Red list categories. 15. 17. Study of wetland macrophytes. EIA study-II. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. 13. EIA study-I. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. 20. Measurement of vehicular pollution. 12. UNIT 6: . 18. Study of garbage. 16.Practicals.

Thomas Thomson. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. biographical references. N. D. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. 5 camparium. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. concept of species. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. John Koenig. scope and limitations. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. review serials. Wallich. methodology. Robert kid. William Griffith. cultivated and economic plants. Santapau. Van Rheede. maps and cartography. ecospecies. Robert Wight. analysis and data presentation. outstanding botanical libraries. dates of publication. Buchnan. its role in research and teaching. concept of genus and family. Parkinson. acosta. their merits and demerits. world floras and manuals. bibliographies. Typological. glossaries. Roxbugh. C. 5 . cenospecies. color charts. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes.Semester IV B O-4. monographs and revisions. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). periodicals. Gamble. Duthie.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. methods in biosystematic studies. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Brandis. training and conservation of plants. dictionaries and addresses. Fyson. Prain. T. computerized keys. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. John Burman. concepts of species. J. Haines.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. catalogues. steps in biosystematic study. Biological and alternative species concepts. location of type specimens. dictionaries.Nominalistic. Cooke. tabular and lateral keys.

8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation- quantum, Mayrean, catastrophic, local ecological, geographic, phyletic; speciation and evolution of species. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC

5

POSITION, 15

INTERELATIONSHIPS, PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae, Lemnaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Bigoniaceae,

Passifloraceae, Caricaeae, Salicaeae, Arecaeae, Pandanaceae, Araceae,

• • •

Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Caricaeae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Arecaeae, Bigoniaceae, Pandanaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae,

Araceae, Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Selected Readings • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi.

Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London.

Taylor, D. V. and

L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • Shivanna, k. R. and B. M. Johri 1985. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Wiley Eastern limited, New Delhi. • Endress Peter, K. 1994. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Cambridge. • • Richard, A. J. 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. (2ed.) Chapman and Hall. Rao, R. R. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra-Dun. • Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC,Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Semester IV B O-4.45 ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS (Special Paper- IV)

Unit-I

1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil angiosperms; Time of origin of angiosperms; Cradle of angiosperms; probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory, coniferales-amentiferae theory, gnetales-angiosperm theory, anthostrobilus theory, caytonian theory, stachyospory-phyllospermae theory, pteridosperm theory, pentoxylales theory and durian theory; monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms.

9

Unit-II

2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of IndiaPalmae: Musa Palmoxylon, cardiospermum; Sonnertioxylon, Guttiferae: Sahniocarpon, Indocarpa, Rhizopalmoxylon, Gramineae: Sonnertiorhizos, Myrtaceae: Harissocarpon, Palmocarpon; Graminocarpon; Sahnianthus, Sahnipushpam; Daberocarpon,

6

Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron, Tricoccites; Pandanaceae: Viracarpon; Musaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Enigmocarpon; Malvaceae:

Chitaleypushpam. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale, geographical history, 5

Continental Drift, Land Bridges, shifting of poles, theories of differentiation and natural selection, types and areas of natural distribution, centre of origin, theory of tolerance, phytogeographic regions of the world, Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity, its importance, assessment, loss and conservation, ethical principles of conservation biology, World organisation for conservation of biodiversity, Red List categories of IUCN, means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism, categories, biodiversity of India, megacentres of endemism in India; Keystone and flagship species, endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra, sacred grooves and their importance. 5 5

Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. Loranthaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Unit-II Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. moth. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Apiaceae. biology of floral parts-calyx. Sapindaceae. types of 15 pollination. fly. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). Eriocaulaceae. hydrophily. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. Co-evolution of angiosperms. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. moth. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Rhizophoraceae. Polygalaceae. Apiaceae. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Typhaceae. carpenter bee. sex distribution in plants. insects and fungi. anemophily. Viscaceae. Rhizophoraceae. Carpenter bee. style and stigma. Typhaceae. Loranthaceae. fly. ) .Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. tour report. butterfly and wasps flowers. Viscaceae. Hydatellaceae. butterfly and wasps flowers. Sketching. ornithophily. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. 15 Eriocaulaceae. • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. (In second term of IV Semester. Xyridaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Hydatellaceae. Sapindaceae. pollination mechanism. androecium. Santalaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. entemophily-bee. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Polygalaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. corolla. cheiropterophily. Santalaceae. pollen. Xyridaceae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS.

Heywood 1991. A. London. K. • Manilal. and L. 1996. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. • Synge. .] 1998. S. J.Publishers. Cambridge.. Donoghue 2008. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. P. Co. Dehra-Dun. New Delhi. Pvt. Botanical Survey of India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Donald. Cmpbell C. V. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. • Lawrence George H. Wiley Eastern limited. 1994.S. USA. Nepal and Bhutan. New York. Blakie Academic & Professional. R. • Quicke. • Davis. Oxford and IBH Publ. and M. Ltd.. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. New Delhi. Hickey 1997. 1994. Ltd.) Chapman and Hall.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. • Naik. Evolution and Phylogeny. Plant Breeding Systems.A. J. S. John Wiley & Sons. INC. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India.) Allen Press. 1997. and M. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. • Taylor. A.F. • Judd Walter S. New Delhi . 1993. • Rao. S. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. Nayar. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. H. M. New Delhi. Sinauer Associates. • Shivanna. M. A. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. M. Kerala • Ahmedullah.) 1980. k. K. Kollogg. (2ed. Nayar. Massachusetts. New Delhi. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. P. 1987. H. Flowering Plants: Origin. • Endress Peter. R. 1951. • Cronquist. D. U. J. Plant Systematics. 1988. Columbia University Press. R. • • Richard. Stevens P. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. and B. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Hugh (ed.Sunderland. A. and M. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers.. N. E. Today and Tommorow Publications. P. L. V. Johri 1985. DST. New Delhi. and V. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Palode. 1981. M. J.

reef algae. CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. ocean floor)factors.Chemical (salinity. CO2. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . Anatomical. sources and impact. Estuaries. Biomagnification. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. factors affecting. 5 10 9 10 5 5 10 . Human impact. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. diversity. Toxic metal pollution.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. Sea as an environment. morphological adaptations in mangroves. Ecological significance.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . tidal action. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Role of phytoplankton. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. sewage. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. Detritus based food chain. Threats and conservation measures. Concept of Marine Park. distribution and types. Biotic factors . distribution. Natural and anthropogenic stress .floral and faunal components. Oceans. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Types of Coasts. wind. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. temperature. Sc.M. Oil. physiological. Abiotic factors . UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. nutrients) Physical ( light. UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. pesticide. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. Calcification. waves. O2.

trichomes. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. sclerides in mangroves . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. c) Study of salts glands. c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. and chlorinity of seawater . e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. pH. salinity. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater.

Wild bioresources . aquaculture. Similarity index etc. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media. Storage of specimen. Chemical preservation. horticultural 7 5 8 2 5 7 8 . pulses. apiculture. Species diversity index. cereals. 8 Domestic bioresources . MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. Source of iodine. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. timber.crops. ornamentals. Sc.32 MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI (SPECIAL PAPER IV) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. DIATOMS: Application and uses. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. medicinal products. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. live stock. fire wood.M. UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. fodder. oil crops.food . gas exchange.Laminaria. Medicinal uses. Use of GPS. potential genetic resources.Standing crop. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure.Gracilaria etc. crops. difficulties in getting axenic culture. feed. litter fall. Industrial applications of seaweeds. . Undaria . Herbarium technique. modelling technique). Mariculture of Porphyra .

e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. and similarity index of mangroves. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth.I. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. d) Determination of S. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem.D. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc).

37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. 11. 5. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. reporter genes (4). 8&9.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Anther. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Pinus etc. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Preparation of biofertilizers. 10. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. c) Molecular farming. edible antibodies (6). Any 8) 1. 4. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). orchids. Cell suspension culture. biotransformation. Ficus etc. Practical (2 Units. . production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Tectona. (8). edible vaccines. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. Hairy root culture. Study of transgenic plants. cell suspension. Theory (4 Units.Secondary metabolites from callus. b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. Somatic embryogenesis. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. selectable markers. 7. Gene banks (5). Factors affecting product yield. 6. embryo culture. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). (5). 2&3. Bioreactor. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. Study of synseeds. cell cultures. Applications in public sector (2).III) B O 4.

8. Visit to Biotech firms. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. Collection. 4&5. Symbiotic N2 fixation. Hup genes (5). microbes in leaching of metals (10). Sources of patent information. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. Nod genes. cooperative programmes (5). Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Food. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. Agro biotech fields. 3. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. . Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). Any 8) 1&2. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Formulation of patent proposal. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). b) Global biotech scenario. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Practical (2 Units. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. Nif genes. c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). public verses private enterprises. Intellectual Property protection. 6&7. 9&10. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. a case study (5). 11. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. wastewater treatment. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5).IV) B O 4. Study of GMOs. b) Patent systems in India. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property.47: APPLICATION. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants.

R. . H. Lecture notes on patents. J. Ravishankar. Genetic Engineering.R.Ltd.Molecular Biotechnology. Glick. Kakralya. Chavala.J.Mcmilan.1995. P. Marcel Dekker. Agricultural Biotechnology. Marcel Dekker. India. Rastogi Publisher.G.1994. General microbiology.Biotechnology.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.Wiley Eastern Ltd. New Delhi. Mitra. 9. 1998. Elements of Biotechnology. Washington. Meerut.A. 1996. New York. K. Meerut. Trehan. 2000.Suggested readings: Special Paper. and Reddy.2001. S. Gupta. B. New Delhi. India.l. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Cambridge University Press.1994. I. Glick. New Delhi. Technology information. and Pasternak. Agricultural Biotechnology. New Delhi. India. Reddy. H. Srivastava. Purohit. B. 6. A. Washington. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC).M. India.Molecular Biotechnology. and Pasternak. Special Paper. 7. 6.J. D.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. 4.P.V. Rastogi Publisher. 3.III 1. P.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents.. 3. J. Altman. 2. 2002. ASM Press. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.Agrobios. Scientific Publishers. India ltd.K. Gupta. 2.K.. Jodhpur. ASM Press.1997. A. S. 4. H. G.1997.principles and practice.Microbial biotechnology. New York. 5. International Book Distributing Co. Technology Bhavan. Schlegel.1994. Biotechnology in crop improvement.K. Pvt. Altman. B.S. S. Elements of Biotechnology.R. 1998. 8.and Venkataraman. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. 1998.. L.and Ahuja.IV 1. 2000. 5.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. Technology information. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.