SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY Syllabus for the Semester System Examination ( Academic Flexibility, Credit System) w.e.f. January 2008 for M.Sc. Part - I ( Semester I & II ) No. ( Semester III & IV ) No. from January 2009. and for M.Sc. II

M.Sc. BOTANY REVISED SYLLABUS (Academic Flexibility) (Credit System)
1. The entire course of M. Sc. (Botany) will be of four semesters spread over within two years. 2. There shall be four theory papers and four practicals (each based on one theory paper) in every semester. Each semester course shall comprise of four units per theory paper per week. One practical of two units per paper per week. 3. Every theory paper shall be having four units and every practical shall be having two units. 4. There shall be one elective paper and corresponding practical among the four papers per semester and the students from other departments can opt for this particular elective paper. The decision regarding admission of such other departmental students will be made by departmental committee of Botany Department. 5. Each unit in theory paper shall comprise of 15 lectures of 60 minutes duration and there shall be four lectures per paper per week. There shall be four practicals (each with not less than three hour duration) per week. Library (Reference) work/ Excursion/ Field Work/Seminar –Group Discussion/Project Work shall also be conducted in every week. 6. Among the four Theory papers there shall be one elective paper per semester. 7. There shall be at least two short tours per year for all students. For M.Sc. I students there shall be one long tour (in a year) out of the state to Botanical Regions, Research Institutes / Centers. All excursion tours, short and long, are obligatory to each student. Candidates shall require to produce, the following at the time of practical examination (at the end of each semester). :i) A laboratory journal of practicals and field record book duly signed by the concerned teacher from time to time. A set of micro preparations (semi / permanent) of plant materials illustrating the subject matter of the relevant paper.

ii)

At least 10-15 Herbarium specimens and preserved specimens (preferably of weeds) collected by the Candidate during the field work or excursion tour.

8. Various subject specializations intradepartment-elective are available at M. Sc. II ( Sem. III and IV). The Department offers one of the following specializations to each student on the basis of his/ her merit and willingness and availability of seats. (Subject distribution centralized). • • • • • • • • Plant Physiology Mycology and Plant Pathology Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding Energy, Ecology and Environment Angiosperm Taxonomy Marine Botany Plant Biotechnology Palaeobotany (Presently Suspended).

9. The entire course of M. Sc. in Botany will be of 2500 marks. So every semester will be of 600 marks; 400 marks for theory papers (4) and 200 marks for practicals (4), along with 50 marks for project work in semester III and semester IV. 10. Each theory paper will be of 100 marks (80 marks theory paper + 20 marks internal). Each semester (usually at the mid of the semester) there will be an internal test of 20 marks (20 multiple choice questions) and theory examination of 80 marks per paper (of 2.5 h duration) at the end of semester. 11. Each practical performance will be of 50 marks (20 marks internal + 30 marks external). There will be a separate practical examination for every paper carrying 30 marks. (Four separate Practicals). Each practical examination will be of 3 h duration. 12. A Project / Assignment will be given to every student during III and IV semesters, and each student will be examined for his / her project for 50 marks every semester. (50 × 2 = 100 marks for project, submission and oral presentation). 13. In each theory question paper (carrying 80 marks) seven questions will be put, out of which the candidate shall have to attempt five questions (carrying 16 marks each). The weightage to different types of questions is as follows :i) Descriptive or essay type questions 50 – 60 % ii) Short answer type questions (20- 30 %) The last (7 ) question of short answer type questions will be compulsory (based on entire syllabus).
th

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M.Sc. Part I (Semester - I) Theory Papers : B O 1.1 B O 1.2 B O 1.3 Elective I B O 1.4 Practicals: B O P 1.1 B O P 1.2 B O P 1.3 B O P 1.4 : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany M.Sc. Part I (Semister - II) Theory Papers: B O 2.1 B O 2.2 B O 2.3 Elective II B O 2.4 Practicals: B O P 2.1 B O P 2.2 B O P 2.3 B O P 2.4 : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation M.Sc. Part II (Semister - III): B O 3.1 Elective III B O 3.2 Special paper I B O 3.31 B O 3.32 B O 3.33 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Plant Resource Utilization and conservation : Cell and Molecular Biology : Angiosperm Systematics : Plant Pathology : Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Palaeobotany : Prerequisite Course : Biology and Diversity of Algae, Fungi and Bryophytes : Plant Ecology

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

1 B O P 3.46 B O 3.36 B O 4.44 B O 3. Sc. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Structure. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Cytogenetics and Crop Improvement : Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering B O P Special paper I B O P Special paper II Project Work: B O 3.43 B O 3.2 Special paper III B O 4.34 B O 4.37 : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.33 B O 4.47 Practicals : B O P 3.B O 3. Development and Reproduction : Plant Physiology and Metabolism M.5 : Project work/Assignment work M. Part II Syllabus… .1 Elective IV B O 4. Part II (Semister .37 Special paper II B O 3.IV) : Theory Papers: B O 4. Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.41 B O 3.42 B O 3.31 B O 4.45 B O 3.32 B O 4.2 : Energy.34 B O 3.35 B O 4.Sc.35 B O 3.36 B O 3.

Ecology and Environment : Angiosperms : Marine Botany : Plant Biotechnology M. Sc. Development and Reproduction : Special paper III : Special paper IV : Plant Physiology : Mycology and Plant Pathology : Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding : Energy.1 B O P 4.47 Practicals: B O P 4.42 B O 4.2 BOP BOP Project Work: B O 4.41 B O 4.45 B O 4.Special Paper IV B O 4. Part II Syllabus… .5 : Project work/Assignment work : Plant Physiology and Metabolism : Plant Structure.46 B O 4.44 B O 4.43 B O 4.

E3 4 4 4 mail. Collection and Preservation of plant material. Browsers. thermobath. Part II Syllabus… . low and high speed centrifuges ultracentrifuge. Biochemistry Laboratory : Laboratory. . Biosensors. 8 7 8 5 2 sterilization. 4. types (bacteria. UV-VIS. Computers in Biology : Modern computers. Measurement of radioactivity – Geiger-Muller. centrifuge Electricautoclaves 11. pH-electrode. Biological Data Bases. Ion-selective electrodes. 8. safety and care. inoculation. Electrochemical Techniques : Principles. plant) media preparation. experimental report. Bioinformatics: Definition. Density gradient separation Column chromatography. Spectroscopic Techniques : Basic principles Nature of electromagnetic radiation. medical science etc.1 Pre-requisite Course Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. hot air oven. Search Engine. Applications in genomics. discipline. Tracer Techniques : Isotopes is biochemistry / biology units of radioactivity. Biostatistics : Measures of Dispersion and Variability. Separation Techniques: Basic principles of centrifugation. constituents. Sc. Equipments – Laminar air flow. The Coefficient of variation 3. Palaeobotanical Techniques : Peel technique Palaeopalynological studies. X-ray Diffraction : Brief idea with principle Unit: IV 10. Unit: III 7. Useful sites Unit: II 5. Standard units of expression. Laboratory note book. NMR. BeerLambert’s law. stirrer. Culture Technique : Principles. Use nets. Cryopreservation 8 3 4 M. MASS Spectrometry. Liquid Scintillation Counting. The Variance. Modem. 2. fungi.B O 1. Fluorescence and Absorption spectrophotometry – Instrumentation and applications. importance. 9.Ultrafiltration Isoeletricfocussing. Applications of radioisotopes. shaker. 6. biomolecular structure. 12. oxygen electrode. Internet(www/http). algae. Ion exchange and Affinity chromatography Gel electrophoresis.

(2005). Methods in enzymology. N. 4. Peel technique for fossil studies 9. Practical cytology. Education. Long and Sourlock. M.-Ralph. 3. X-Ray diffraction. A. (1997). / E-mail operations 5. Use of search engine for literature / reference work / Searching biochemical literature 6. Pearsa. Pergamon press Oxford (1985) 7. Techniques in Bioproductivity and photosynthesis by – Coombs. photomicrography. Density gradient centrifugation – A separation technique List of Books : 1. ANOVA use of computer. 8. Methods in plant molecular biology – M. Hall. An Introduction to Biometry. 8. ppm . Blakie. Leagood and Long Chapman and Hall Publ. Modern Experimental Biochemistry-Boyer. Experimental plant physiology – J. (1961) 11. 4. H. etc. Plant histochemistry – Jensen. Studies in Paleobotany-Andrews. K. 11. Academic Press (1970). M. Jain and R. R. 12.Colowick and Kaplan Academic Press. Bombay (1993) 2.C. applied genetics and Bio-statistics Goswami H. A. Handbook of field and herbarium techniques S. Practical Biochemistry : Principles and Techniques. Ed.Practicals : UNIT : I (Any Four practicals) 1. Saraswati Printing Press Aurangabad. Arditti and Dunn. Preparation of standard solutions. N.-Radioactive counetrs. London 13. (1993) 5. A field and laboratory manualHall. R. M. R. Walker (2000) Cambridge Publ. R. and R.Mungikar. 10. Sc. 2. Verification of Beer and Lambert’s law Units: II (Any Four practicals) 7. Academic Press New York (1989) 3. Accessing biological data bases. (1975). Determination of Correlation coefficient. Rao. House. Bolhar Nordenkampt. Part II Syllabus… . Goswami. pH – measurement and preparation of buffers. Publ. Schwer and Zeclinskin publ. Study of instruments / equipments. Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment. 9. Flame photometer. Wilson and J. Scurlik. K. Methods in Experimental Biology. Separation of proteins by gel electrophoresis 10. 6. E. Singapore. Himalayan Publ.

Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol. Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales. Spheropsidales 2 5. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. 2.2 Biology and Diversity of Fungi. Ustilaginales Agaricales. General Characters of Fungi. Taxonomical groups to understand life cycle patterns. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders Classes Acrasiomycetes Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Plasmadiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Hemiascomycetes Plectomycetes Unit : II (15) 4. M. growth. Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hyphomycetales Melanconiales.B O 1. Classification of Fungi by Alexopoulos and Mims (1979) 3. organic acids. Sc. growth. development and phylogeny with respect to the following major classes up to the level of orders 13 Orders Dictysteliales Stemonitales Chytridiales Plasmadiophoromycetales Perenosporales Mucorales Taphrinales Eurotiales 13 1 1 Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gastomycetes Hyphomycetes Coelomycetes antibiotics and enzymes. Algae and Bryophytes Total Lectures : 60 Fungi Unit: I (15) 1. Part II Syllabus… .

morphology. Botrydium. Origin of Bryophytes Distribution. Bryophytes as indicators of pollution. 2 1 8 2 2 : Gloeoecapsa. Cultivation and methods of preservation. Synchytrium 1 5 M. : Vaucheria. Buxbaumiales • • Economic importance of Bryophytes. Padiana. habit. : Gracillaria. Cladophora. Pithophora. Phylogeny and interrelationship of following classes with reference to the forms mentioned against the classes Cyanophyceae Chlorophyceae Xanthophyceae Bacillariophyceae Phaeophyceae Rhodophyceae Bryophytes Unit: IV (15) • • • Trends in classification of Bryophytes. Oscillatoria. Role of Algae in human welfare Structure. reproduction. Takakiales. Reproduction. : Dictyota. Coleochaete. : Pinnularia.Sphagnales. air. 2) Detailed study of following types from each of the following orders. Ulva. Sc. Class Myxomycetes Chytridiomycetes Order Stemonitales Chytridiales Types Stemonitis Physoderma. 9 2 2 2 Practicals Unit: I (15) • Fungi 1) Isolation of fungi from soil. Draparnaldia. Part II Syllabus… . Jungermanniales.Algae Unit: III (15) • • • • Classification in Algae Culture. Scytonema. and inter relationship of following orders Sphaerocarpales. Spirulina : Mougeotia. phylogeny. Fritchella. water and host. their inoculation on culture media.

Sharma. Cyathodium Fossombronia.C. H. (1994) 4.D. III Taxonomy and Biology of Blue green algae : : : : Asterella. Porella Notothyllus Polytrichum M. Uromyces.V. Agaricus. Desikachary. Pandey. Colletotrichum Study of Algae: Types mentioned against each class in theory paper (available specimens / slides) • Bryophytes Morphological. K. Targionia. R. T. (1995) 5. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Marchantiales Jungermanniales Anthocerotales Polytrichales Reference Books and Journals. Polyporus. Part II Syllabus… . Kumar. Mucor. N. Cyathus Alternaria. B.Plasmodiophoromycetes Oomycetes Zygomycetes Plectomycets Pyrenomycetes Discomycetes Loculoascomycetes Teliomycetes Hymenomycetes Gasteromycetes Deuteromycetes Unit :II (15) • Algae Plasmodiophorales Perenosporales Mucorales Eurotiales Clavicipitales Pezizales Dothidiales Uredinales Agaricales Aphyllophorales Nidulariales Hypomycetales Melanconiales Plasmodiophora (Slide) Plasmopara. P. Kar (1992) 6. Aspergillus Claviceps Peziza Capnodium. (1972) Textbook of Algae Textbook of Algae Textbook of Botany – Algae Botany for degree students-Algae College Botany Vol. Vashista. O. Albugo. (1986) 3. Gangulee. and H. B. Singh (1971) 2.Rhizopus Penicillium. and A. Bremia. Algae 1. Asterina Melampsora. Sc.P. H.

Kumra (1988) Structure of Algae and Reproduction Algae-Form and Function The Algae : Introductory Mycology : Textbook of Fungi : The Fungi Vols. F. Subramanan. II. (1960) 10. Kar (1992) 6. (1964) 7. Seaweed Research. Dayal (1995) Bryophytes 1. R.V. M.A and IV-B : Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi : College Botany Vol. S. II : The Structure and life of Bryopytes : British Mosses and Liverworts : Botany for degree students -Brtophyta : Biology of Bryophytes. IV. G. Mundkur B. Smith.J. O. and A. A. V. and D. Venkataraman et al. H. Indian Journal of Marine Biology Fungi. (1974) 9. Alexopoulos. (1967) 5. I – Bryophyta : Bryology in India : Cryptogamic Botany Bol. and P. 4. (1971) 8. and C. K. B. Parihar. (1959) 4. (1963) 8. Bessey. E. N. and A. Cavers. (1955) 6.J.J. E. Watson. E. I. K. R.Trimukchar (1952) 9. S.K. Mahasagar 5. Fritsch. III. I : The Myxomycetes of India : Hyphomycetes : Ustihlaginales of India : Aquatic phycomycetes : Aquatic Fungi of India : Inter-relationship of Bryophytes : Liverworts of Western Himalayas and the Punjab Plains Part I and II : An introduction to Embryophyta. Chopra.O.S. Phykos. Phycologia 3. C. J. Sussman 4. (1996) 9. Chapman. (1964) 2. Part II Syllabus… .S. (1989) 3. Ainsworth. S. C. (1965) 8. Sharma. 1. Vashista. M. Sc. Watson.7. (1929) 3. N. G. Sparrdo F. V.R. Bol. 2. G. Thind K.V. Mims (1979) 2. W. and M. Ram Udar (1976) 5. R. E. Kashyap. Chapman (1965) Journals 1.B. Gangulee. (1977) 7.

Habital Ecology : Fresh Water and Marine water ecology (ecosystems) 2. Introduction of Remote Sensing technique and Geographical Information system (GIS) 7. Determination of hardness of Water 9. MAB. 15 Unit: IV 6. Biosphere Reserve Unit: III 5. Life table and age structure. Temperature and Transparency) 3. Environmental Education Programmes : WWF. Succession : Succession Unit: II 3. Determination of residual Chlorine from Water sample. Determination of field capacity of Soil. Part II Syllabus… . Survivorship curves. Sc. Mortality. Study of phytoplankton 2. 10. 8 Allogenic and Autogenic Succession. Determination of phytomass 4. Climatic Climax. Estimation of primary productivity of an aquatic ecosystem 8. Law of population growth curves. Study of Species diversity index 5. Study of satellite imagery and vegetation Analysis Unit: II (15) 6. Any 8) Unit: I (15) 1. Ecological reports based on tour and / or analysis. 8 7 M. Wetlands and their Characteristics – Classification of Wetlands & Examples 4.B O 1. IUCN. Biotic potential and Natality. Global sinks and pollution cycle Practicals: ( 2 Units. Models of plant 7 8 7 Population growth and structure: Concept and attribrutes. Evaluation of abiotic components of aquatic ecosystem (PH.3 Plant Ecology Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. 7.

Kershaw 20. T. 1985 3. Practical Methods in Ecology and Environmental Science . 1978 10. J. Odum. Queens. Plant pollution ecology – A. 1979 16. S. Sc. Odum. 1973 7. Trivedy 24. J. Meerut 27. Goel. H. Al. Horper and Row (1978) 8. Ecology – E. S. Concept of Ecology (Environmental Biology) . Plant succession and indicators – F. 1961 15. 1988. Structure and functioning – A. Prentice – Hall of India. Technology Assessment. New Delhi. Environmental management of mining operations – B. H. K. P. Wedendrop. Freysen and T. 1996 17. Ambsht. Taxonomy and Ecology . Plant Ecology – R. Sharma. dt. 2.P. 1978 21.R. 12. B. Ecology and Environment – P. Verma. Concept of Ecology (1996) – Edward J. Progress of Plant Ecology in India – R. P. P. Plant strategies and vegetation process 0 J. V. Environmental Impact Assessment of Govordhan. Al. The Plant community – Hanson and Churchil. Ecology workbook – R. Principles of environmental Biology – P. Environmental Impact Assessment. Krens. Trivedy. Clements 13. Part II Syllabus… .F. Heywood 22. Covel. K. Fundamentals of Ecology – E. Nair. Reimold and W. Theridam 4. 1993. Progress of Plant Ecology Ed. Grime 23.W. 1974 9. 1981 11. New Delhi 25. Air pollution and forests – W. Smith. An Introduction to Air Pollution (1995) – R. Dary et. Misra. 1990.V. Ecology of halophytes – R. E. Enviro Media Publ. W. Ecology : The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance – C. J. D. Dhot 1990 6. Kormond. Misra 5. Plant Ecology – Weaver and Clemests 14.K. Quantitative and dynamic ecology – K. Karad 26. Chand and Company Ltd.W. Patterns of primary production in the biosphere H.V. 1973 19. .List of Books : 1. Rastogi publications. Misra. I – Ed. A. K. M. Lieth.J. S. Agarwal. 18. R. K.P. H.

Salviniales Gymnosperms UNIT II (15) • • • Recent trends in Classification Evolution in Reproductive structures of Cycadales Woods of Coniferales (15) 5 5 5 10 2 3 UNIT III • Study of morphology. Ginkgoales.Sigillariales 8 M. reproductive organs and affinities of extant members of following orders.Marattiales. Filicales. Sc. Ephedrales. Psilotales. Welwitschiales 10 5 • Applied aspects of Gymnosperms Paleobotany UNIT IV (15) Study of morphology. anatomy and evolutionary trends of following groups of plants.4 (Elective I) Biology and Diversity of Pteridophytes. Gymnosperms and Paleobotany Total Lectures: 60 Pteridophytes UNIT I (15) 1) Classification of Pteridophytes 2) Current trends of research in Pteridophytes 3) Comparative morphology.B O 1. Lycopodiales. anatomy. Taxales. reproduction and phylogeny of following orders with reference to the forms mentioned against each. Lepidodendrales Sphenophyllates Psilophytales. Part II Syllabus… . Marattiales Filicales .

Gangmopteris. Selaginella. Pteris Angiopteris Salvinia M. Brachyphyllum Ptilophyllum. stem.Williamsonials Cycalales Cordiaitales Coniferales Indian fossil flora – Glossopteris flora. and Ephedra from available : : : : : Tmesipteris Lycopodium. Lignite maceration 5 2 Morphological. Pachytesta Elatocladus. Part II Syllabus… . Scutellum Ginkgo. specimens / slides. Isoetes Gleichenia. Sahnianthus Glossopteris. Deccan Intertrappean flora Paleopalynological techniques – Coal maceration. Enigmocarpon. Podocarpus.Practicals UNIT I (15) Pteridospermales : Medullosales Bennettitales . Cupressus. Study of following specimens : Sigillariales Sphenophyllales Marattiales Filicales Medullosales Coniferales Cycadaless Angiosperms : : : : : : : : Sigillaria Stem Sphenophyllum Stem Psaronius stem Rodeites. Rajamahal Hill flora. Sc. anatomical and reproductive studies of the following members (available specimens / slides) Psilotales Lycopodiales Filicales Marattiales Salviniales UNIT II (15) • • Study of the morphology and anatomy of the vegetative and reproductive parts of Araucaria. Dictyozarrites Palmoxylon. Taxus. Gleichenites Medullosa. Microsorium.

Reference Books : Trivedi, A. N. (2002) Bierhorst, D.W.(1971) Rashid, A. (1978) Spome, K.R. (1966) Bower, F. O. (1963) Jermy, A. G. (1973) Vashishta, B.R. (1996) Parihar, N.S. (1959) Arnold, C.A. (1972) Darroh, W.C. (1968) Surange, K.R. (1968) Journals – American Fern Journal International Journal of plant sciences. Bierhorst, D.W. (1971) Chamberlein, C.J. (1966) Coulter and Chumberlein, J. M. Ramanujan, C.G.K. (1979) Spome, K.R. (1967) Vashistha, P.C. (1976) Arnold, C. A. (1972) Andrews, H.N. (1961) Darroh, W.C. (1960) Surange, K. R. (1968) – Morphology of vascular plants - Gymnosperms, Structure and Evolution - Morphology of Gymnosperms - Indian Gymnosperms in Time and Space - Morphology of Gymosperms - The Gymnosperms - An Introduction to Pateobotany - Studies in Pateobotany - Principles of Paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophyles - The Gymnosperms - Advances in Pteridology - Morphology of Vascular plants - An introduction ot Peridophytes - Morphology of Ptseridophytes - The Ferns - The Phylogeny and Classification of ferns. - Botany for degree students – Pteridophytes - An Introduction to Pteridophyta - An introduction to paleobotany - Principles of paleobotany - Indian Fossil Pteridophytes

Eames, A. J. and E. M. Giffard (1950) - Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Foster, A. S. and Gifford, E. M. (1959)- Comparative morphology of vascular plants

Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1996)- The Gymnosperms.

Shukla, A.C. and Mishra, S.D. (1975)- Essentiales of Paleobotany Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra Alok (1975) Stewart, W. N. (1983) - Paleobotany and the evolution of plants, Cambridge U.S.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Semester - II

B O 2.1Cell and Molecular Biology of Plants
Total Lectures: 60 UNIT: I (15) 1. Dynamic cell: General account of plant cell structure specialized plant cell types and pumps, receptors, transport 4 4 7 UNIT: II (15) 4. Organization and expression of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Nucleo- organelle interactions 6. Nucleus : Structure, nuclear pores, nucleosome organization. microfilaments, motor movements implications in flagellar and other movements UNIT: III (15) 8. Cell cycle and apoptosis : control mechanisms, role of cyclins and cyclin dependent Kinases : Cell plate formation . Mechanism of programmed cell death 9. Nucleic acids : Structural pecularities of DNA and RNA Law of DNA constancy and C – value paradox, DNA polymorphism, DNA damage and repair 10. Protein sorting : targeting of proteins to organelles, UNIT: IV (15) 11. Protein Biosynthesis : Concepts of central dogma, reverse transcription, mechanism of transcription, RNA polymerase and its role, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing), Gene concept, split genes, genetic code, deciphering the code, concept of degeneracy and Wobble hypothesis, mechanism of protein synthesis. GISH, confocal microscopy 10 5 12. Techniques in cell biology : In Situ hybridization to locate transcripts incell types, FISH, 4 7 4 5 2 5 5. Plant vacuole – Tonoplast membrane ATP ases, Transporters, as storage organelle 3 2. Plasma membrane : Structure, models and functions, sites for ATP ion carriers, channels 3. Plasmodesmata : structure, role in movement of molecules, comparison with gap junctions

7. Cell shape and motility : The cytoskeleton, organization and role of microtubules and

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Practicals : UNIT I 1. Isolation of chloroplasts 2. Separation of chloroplast proteins 3. Isolation and Estimation at DNA from various plants 4. Restriction digestion of DNA, its separation by agarose gel electrophoresis 5. Study of cell types – Guard cells, heterocysts, Sclereids, Storage cells. UNIT II 6. Study of vacuoles from different plants 7. Preparation of feulgen stained chromosome in root iip cells. 8. Effect of colchicine on chromosome movements during mitosis. 9. Use of fluorescent dye to visualize cell components. Reference Books : 1. Johnson Lewys – 2004 : Cell Biology ; sarup and sons, New Delhi 2. E.J. Dupraw – 1970 : Cell and Molecular Biology; Academic Press, London 3. De Robertis and De Robertis – 1997 : Cell and Molecular Biology (VIII); B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 4. C. P. Swanson, T. Merz, and W.J. Young – 1982 : Cytogenetics ; Prentice – Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 5. P.C.L. John (Ed.) – 1981 : The cell cycle; Cambridge University press 6. Benjamin Lewin : Genes – VI, VII and VIII ; Oxford Press. 7. R. A. Chapoldi 1977 : Membrane proteins and their interactions with lipids; Marcel Dekker, inc. N. York 8. A. N. Mortonosi (Ed.) – 1985 : The enzymes of Biological Membrames Vol. I, II and III; Plenum press, New York 9. Watson and others – 2004 : Molecular Biology of the gene ( V); pearses Educatias, Inc India 10. P.C. Turner and others – 2002 : Molecular Biology (II); Viva Books, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 11. W. Ream and K. G. Field – 1999 : Molecular Biology Techniques ; Academic Press, London. 12.Brace Alberts etal – 1983 : Molecular Biology of the cell ; Garland Publ. Inc., New Yorsk. 13.Charlothe J. Avers – 1986 : Molecular cell Biology ; Addision. Wesley Publ. Company 14. Sandhya Mitra – 1988 : Elements of Molecular Biology ; McMillan India Ltd., N. Delhi 15. C. B. Powar – 1992 : Cell Biology; Himalaya Publishing House.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Part II Syllabus… . Journal of Experimental Biology 7. Annual review of plant Biology 2. Sc.Current and Back Volumes of following Periodicals : 1. 9. Trends in Biotechnology M. Indian journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Cytologia 4. The Journal of cytology and Genetics 6. The journal of Biochemistry 8. Journal of Genetics 5. Cell 3.

Endemism. compilation of field notes and preparation of herbarium sheets of such plants. Provisions for the governance of the Code. Biodiversity. Transference of Function. Appendices Unit: III Taxonomic tools : Herbarium. GIS 7 Systems of Angiosperm Classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems. Biosystematic categories. Categories and ranks Evolutionary Concepts : Origin of intra-population variation. Important Rules Endemism in Western Ghats. magnitude. utilization. GPS. Sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research 3 Taxonomic Structure: Taxonomic hierarchy. Isolating International Code of Botanical Nomenclature : Salient features-Principles. Unit: II Biosystematics: Biosystematic studies and Recommendations. Botanical gardens.2 ANGIOSPERM SYSTEMATICS Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I Systematics: A Key science. Importance of 5 10 5 7 Plant Speciation: Allopathic / Abrupt / Sympatric / Hybrid / Apomictic speciation. Adaptive radiations mechanisms. Part II Syllabus… . conservation. M. invasions and introductions. Angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Unit: IV Phytogeography hotspots. population and environment General biological Principle. Sc. PRACTICALS: Unit: I (1-6) Unit: II (7-8) (9) (10) Identification of genus and species of locally available wild plants Preparation of botanical keys Study of at least 20 locally available families of flowering plants Field trips within and around the University Campus. : Phytogeographic regions of India. assessment. floras. hotspots and hottest 15 8 Steps in biosystematics. The species concept. Computers. importance. Cladestics in taxonomy. Importance. Relevance to conservation. Plant explorations.B O 2.

Botanical excursion of about one week duration to any botanically rich location preferable outside the State. Ltd. Blakie Academic and Professional. 2004. New Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy.(11-12) Knowledge of at least 25 plant species from each of the following categories : a) Medicinal Plants. L. Hickey 1997. and M. Today and M. P. Taxonomy and Biosystematics Etwaed Arnold.. B) Endemic plants. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGrow-Hill Publication Com. A Primer of Conservation Biology. Principles and Techniques of Commemoratory Taxonomy. New York Gurcharan Singh. A. 1959. Plant taxonomy . and L. Donald. Tomorrow Publications. The systematic Evaluation of comparative data. London Stace. Sc. 2002. 1951. New Delhi Grnquist. 1993.. F. N. H. New Delhi Naik. DST. 1989. Taxonomy of vasadar plants Oxford and IBH Publ. A Hand book of Taxonomy Training. Stuessy T. and V. New Delhi. Pvt. Publishers Quicke. 1984. London. J. V.. 1981. Families of flowering plants Lawrence George H. Columbia University Press. J. S. Ltd. Plant Systematics : Theory and practice Oxford and YBH Publishing Co. H. Co. M. New Delhi Manilal. Part II Syllabus… . Sinauer Associales. Muktesh Kumar (ed. D. Delhi Primak. Inc. evolution and phylogeny CBS Publishers a Distributors New Delhi. Flowering plaub : Origin. C. Ltd. A. J. K. S. R. 2004. An Integrated system of Classifications of flowering plants. Hulchikson. BOOKS : Davis.) 1998. Pvt. Taylor. B. Plaul. Biseu Sigh Mahendra Pal Sign Pehra Duk. Heywood 1991. V. C) Exotic weeds.

C. Trimulachari.) epiphytotics. plant pathology in 20th century. isolation and purification of plant viruses. Economic importance of viruses. Koch’s postulates. symptomology. Unit:III 1. Roses. Grapes. Unit: II 1. Tobacco. Coconut. Part II Syllabus… . conformation of Provost’s work Anton De Bary. Bhendi. . Soybean. Horsefall. Defense mechanism in host : Structural. and Bacteriophage. S. bacteria. Contribution of Woronin. symptomology. 15 15 3 3 2 2 3. Rajmah. physiological. Role of environmental factors in disease development. etiology and management of diseases of: Banana. Sadavasivan. Cotton. Ginger. (external and internal. History. Garrett. genetical and chemical. mycoplasma etc) . J. Tomato. Papaya. causal organism. Dalbergia. ultrastructure of TMV. Wheat.3 Plant Pathology Total Lectures : 60 Unit: I 1. Pigeonpea. Gerbera. 6 3. Brinjal.C. Khun period. 4. TYMV. Unit: IV 1. Sugarcane. morphology and characteristics of MLO’s Identification techniques of MLO’s colonization. Coffee. post penetration and 6 M. T. Methods of Studying plant diseases and their diagnosis : Field observation. culturing of pathogenic organisms (fungi. 3 2. MLO : Classification. History. Groundnut. Mehta. Stages of disease development : Pre penetration. 5. Bamboo. Cucurbits. disease forecasting. Sesamum. Sc. collection of samples. Cabbage. K. Symptomology and Epidemiology : Disease identification based on symptoms. D. Jowar. Citrus. laboratory studies. Chilly. Potato. etiology and management of diseases of : Rice. Turmeric.) epidemiology (Slow and rapid. Teak. Penetration. Sunflower. 5 2. causal organism. Introductory Virology : Nomenclature and classification of plant viruses. Onion.B O 2. M. Bajra. History of plant diseases: Beginnings of modern plant pathology. Chemistry of plant viruses. J. S.

1998 : Plant Diseases Current and back – Volumes of following periodicals : 1. Methods in physiological plant pathology Mehrotra. 1981. Blast. Bunt. Downy mildew. 1982. Planke. 1979 : Field Crop Diseases Handbook Pathological Problems of Economic crop plants and their Paul Khurama. Indian journal of phytopathology 3. Fungal Diseases : Club root. A. A. G. 10-12 Estimation of chlorophylls sugars and polyphenols fro healthy and infected leaves. S. Tikka. 1968 : Disease Resistence in plants. R. Nematode Disease : Root knot Phanerogamic plant Diseases : Total and Partial root and stem parasites Bacterial Diseases : Citrus canker. K. 1978 : Plant Pathology Aneja. J. J. plant pathology and Tissue culture Cooke. S. and R. 8.Practicals : Unit: I 1-4. 1969: The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. Early and late Blight. Anthracnose. S. Blight and Leaf Spot. F. A. ander. Journal of phytopathology 2. Annual review of plant pathology M. 9. E. White rust. E. Mycoplasmal Diseases : Grassy shoot disease and Little leaf Viral Disease : TMV. 2004: Clinical Plant Pathology Kuijit. Rot. Unit: II 6. : Experiments in Microbiology. 1980: Plant Pathology Nyvall. Part II Syllabus… . Sc. R. 1963 : Plant Diseases Epidemics and control Rangaswami. N. Journal of Mycology and plant pathology 4. J. Wilt. 7. Rust. Mahadevan. Shridhar. S. Powdery mildew. Damping off. Smut. leaf sopt. Fiber and oil plants Gangopadhyay . G. Vander. 1993. PMV and YVMV. M. 1998: management Planke. R. Reference Books : Agrios. 5. 1979 : Diseases of crop plants in India Singh. Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical field. R.

Fibre crop (Agave). in vitro repositories. non-formal conservation efforts. antibiotics Medicinal and Aromatic plants (Curcma longa. condiments. Green revolution: Benefits and adverse consequences bamboos. general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI). narcotics. botanical gardens. A brief account of major spices. biosphere reserves. Ornamental plants 6. 10 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 6 2.B O 2. 3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for conservation. organic acids. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). mastigatories and funmitories and beverages 2. Unit: II 1. evolution. cryobanks. Wetlands. environmental status of plants based on International Strategies for conservation – in situ conservation : International efforts and Indian initiatives. Ethnobotany : basic principles and scope 5. General account of petrocrop 3. raw-materials for papermaking. Economic importance of microbes 2. 7 5 5 5 3. pollution control and esthetics Unit: IV 1. Part II Syllabus… . Plants used as avenue trees for shade. botany and uses of food crop (rice and Sunflower ) Sugar and biomass crop (Sugarcane) Unit: III 1. Strategies for conservation: ex situ conservation: Principles and practices. Plants used in Sericulture 4. resins and fruits. Economic importance and utilization of Lower Plant Groups and enzymes. mangroves and coralreefs for conservation of wild biodiversity 5 2. tannins and dyes. Artimesia). M. gums. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR). Sc. field gene banks. Principles of conservation. Origin. protected areas in India – sanctuaries national parks. Role of fungi in industries with reference to the production of alcohol.4 (Elective II) Plant Resource Utilization and Conservation Total Lectures: 60 Unit: I 1. Important fire wood and timber yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as pigeonpea). seed banks. extinction. Vegetable oil yielding crop (Safflower.

anatomy.Practicals : Unit: I 1. Eciatific publications Jodhpur A New moral Economy to India’s forests ? – Roger Feffery and Nandini Sundar (1999). Prepare a wet extract of vegetable tannins (Acaeia. Jain. Adhatoda zeylanica (Syn. soybean Morphology. Ramanamurthy.Vegetable oils 9. K. & 4. 10. tannins. resins.) 1) Estimation of proteins 3. Chickpea. Mangroves) Dyes (Turmeric . C. Gill and K. Forage / fodder crops : Study of important crops of the locality (Sorghum.. New Delhi. Jha and P. London (1954) M. ICAR New Delhi (1985) Agricultural Botany. Mentha. 2. tests for oils and iodine number. Part II Syllabus… . Garal Duekworth and Co. K. : Depending upon the geographical location select any five from campus / wild / crop field Catharanthus roseus. Sage Pub. Economically important lower plants – two from each group. L. :Mustard. N. Sengupta. anatomy. New Delhi Allen and Unwin Ltd. V. Field survey and submission of report and scientific visits Books : A manual of ethnobotany Ed. Bixa. Study of food crops : Wheat. Gums. dyes : Perform simple tests for gums and resins. London (1969) Agrofrestry India Perspeetive. Advances in Oilseeds Production and Technology. and 8. Maize. Sc. microscopic study of fibre using appropriate staining procedure.. Ashish Publishing House. microscopic structure of oil-yielding tissues. T. Bajra. Petro and Sericultural crops. Safflower. Ltd. Plant fibres a) Textile fibres b) Cordage fibres c) Fibres for stufting 5. Terminalia. G. A vasica) Jasminum. Lawsonia) 11.K.. Sugarcane Morphology. & 6. S. Cymbopogon sp.. Vear. Medicinal and aromatic plants : Cotton. 12. Agare : Coir : Silk cotton / Kapok Morphology. Unit: II 7. microchemical tests for stored food materials. Butea.

Joryal (1992) Forestry and the People (1994) L. Forestry Handbook Ed. K. H. S. N.P.Applied Ethnobotany – E. Publ. Publ. Inc.D. Kumar. S. of India. Central silk Board. D. Banglore Printing and Publishing Company Bangalore (1966) Forest Management (1996). N. New Delhi Modern General Science and Technology by Y. Jemes and Jemes (Science Publichers) U. Sc. New Delhi. Iralappan Management of Minor forest produce for sustainability M. Chaudhary R. W. Ltd. Pvt. B. Khader. R. The Ronald Press Company New York (1955) Foristry Research and Education in India. By G.. Rangaswami. Simpson and M-Conner Economic Botany.Shiva. Center. B.) 1994. P. Carter. P. Vandana Shiva. Parthasarathy and P. 19996. Dogra and R C. Meherhomji and N. Forbes Publ. A. Hill A. Bassam. Jain Indian Agriculture. Publ. P. (1994) CBS Publishers New Delhi Contributions to Ethnobotany of India. Govt. Dehradun. B. Donlin. Sudarshan. Dhiman (edt. I. Sen Sharma . Mathur (1996). Data Res. Pomeranz VCH Publ. New M. Forest Resources – Crises and Management Natraj Publishers. (2005) Field crops of India by A. El. Trivedy and K. R. Orford and IBH publishing Co. R. A Diamond Jubilee Publication by INSA. Chapmen and L. House.D. New Delhi. Rengedhy G. ICAR New Delhi (1969) Handbook of Sericultural Technologies. A. Giridhar. M. R. Pupl. Partha ocrruthy Bengalore (1991) Crop Protection Principles and Pratices.R. Jaji. Jha and P.Varghesee S-VD Complete Gardening of India. Bengalore (2001) Herbal Medicines for human health. K. Introduction to Spices. Aiyer. (1987) Ashish Pub. S. Gopalaswaniengar. S. Mcgrow Hill Book Company (1962) Energy Plant Species.R.K. Part II Syllabus… .M. K. Vikas Singhal Indian Economic. P . New Delhi (1996) Economic Botany. Ministry of Textiles. Day Publishing House New Delhi (1997) Handbook of Agriculture. V. Plantation crops medicinal and arremats Plants. Their use and inpact on environment and development. K. Discovery publishing House. Frrest Wealth of India Inaccesible to impoverished. B. Freeman and Company Son Fran (1976) Deep Aublicatins. New Delhi. Delhi. K. Jayant Jaiswal and K. Mukadam.

London Ogorzaly. Schery. George P. E. Great Pritan (1976) Tropical forest Resources FAC Forestry Paper (1962) Wealth of India . Basil Blackwell Inc.Old and New Series CSIR Publication M. K. The Purpose of forests – Jack Westoby (1987).IBM publ. Ed. McGraw Hill Intenational Edition (1986) Oxfod. Part II Syllabus… . G.. The Useful Plants of India. The biological aspects of rate plants conservation Syrge Hugh (ed. Chapmen and Hall Scientific Publishers Jodhpur 1996. Hag. N.Day. New York Tropical – Pulses by J.. New Delhi (1997) Plants For Man.) John Wiley and Sons. Smartt – Lengman Group Ltd. Wickens.New Crops for Food and Industry. Sc. 1980. Publi. Rmachandran (1986) CSIR New Delhi. R-M.

Migration. Aloe vera. Vicia faba. 5.SEMESTER III BO 3. Cytoplasmic male sterility 7 b) Crop Genetic Resources: Centers of origin of cultivated plants. 3. 4. Importance of molecular marker assisted breeding. Wild relatives of crop plants. 7. Visit to National Research Institute/ NBPGR centers/ Seed Company and submission of field diary. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Cytology: Chromatin organization. Orcein banding species. M. A. Centers of origin of crop plants. Gene sanctuaries 8 Unit 3: Population and Evolutionary Genetics: Evolutionary theory and population genetics. Natural selection). Genetics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Genetic problems on gene mapping in higher plants 12. sativum. Smear preparation of Allium cepa. Theory of allele frequencies. Mobile genetic elements and their significance. Gene families. Karyotype analysis. Importance of genetic conservation. Molecular marker systems. Molecular plant breeding. Gene banks. Chromosome structure and packaging of DNA. Global network for genetic conservation and utilization in major crops of world. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. 2 2 15 6. Determination of mitotic index. Banding patterns. Methods of breeding in self and cross pollinated crops.1: CYTOGENETICS AND CROP IMPROVEMENT Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Genetic drift. Isolation of DNA and quantification by spectrophotometer. Changes in genetic structure of populations (Mutation. Karyotype evolution 15 Unit 2: a) Genetics of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Mapping of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. Sc. Institutes engaged in conservation and improvement of crop genetic resources. Applications of computer in plant breeding Practical (2 Units. Genetic variations in natural populations (Protein variation and variation with RFLP and DNA sequences) 15 Unit 4: Classical and modern methods of crop breeding and improvement: Genetic variability in crop plants. Karyotype analysis in any two plant species. Any 8) 1. coli. Heterosis. Molecular organization of centromere and telomere. Chlorophytum Rhoeo discolor or any other ideal plants 8. Nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes. Part II Syllabus… . 2. Study of floral biology of crop plants 11. Isolation of plasmid from E.

Genetics Fifth edition Benjamin / Cummings Publishing Company Canada. Cytogenetics of crop plants. Kalyani Publishers.. Techniques of plant cytogenetics. I and II. R. Jahier. and Gosal S. 1980. 1968. D. 1998. 1968. H. Journals: 1. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Principles of Genetics. J.Hill Publishing Company Ltd New Delhi. Principles of genetics. J. V. 1983. Germany. Springer Verlag. New Delhi. Plant breeding. Butterworth and Co. New York. 3. Ganguli. Sc. Ludhiana. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Clarendon Press. Ltd. Singh. C. O. Problems in Genetics Vol. Van No Strand Reinhold. London. Bahekar V. Mitra Sandhya 1994 Genetics a blueprint of life. 4. Third edition John Wiley and Sons Inc. M. VI. J.Principles and methods. K. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Swaminathan. and Baltimore. Macmillan India Ltd. K. Gupta. Sybenga. S. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. 2003. B. Sharma J. Macmillan and Co. Lewin. Narosa Publication New Delhi. Advances in plant breeding Vol. U. The theory of plant breeding. The Macmillan Company. 2. U. Ltd. C. Meiotic configurations.. J. Genes IV. Mandal. P.. A. and Banarjee. 1993. Snustad D. Genetics. Berlin. Darnel. P. 1980. Oxford University Press. (Publishers) Ltd. Oxford and IBH Publishing. John Wiley and sons. P. J. Journal of Genetics Journal of Cytology and Genetics Cytologia Caryologia International Journal of Food Science and Technology M. S. A. and Sinha. 2000.. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. K. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Cytology and Cytogenetics.Theory and practice.. Genetics. Sharma. S. Strickberger. I Arati Prakashan Aurangabad. D. 2003.. London. J. New York. Mayo. 5. Lodish. 6. Co. Russell P. B. K. 1975. Tata McGrow Hill Publ.. Tata McGraw. and Simmons M. Sharma. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. R. and Sharma. J. Molecular cell biology. J. Part II Syllabus… .Suggested readings: Avers. E. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. P. Swanson. W. Delhi. M. S. Winkler. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding biotechnological and conventional approaches. Chahal G. Scientific American Books. A. S. 1979. Chromosome techniques. Gardner. Oxford. P. Ruger W. and Wackernagel W.

Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. 4. 3. biogas generation. Enzyme / cell immobilization. Unit 3: a) Recombinant DNA technology: Gene cloning. importance. construction of genomic and cDNA libraries and vectors Agrobacterium Mediated gene transfer. M. strategies for development of transgenic. its application in industry 4 4 7 Unit 2: a) Bacterial Biotechnology: Bacterial nutrition and culture. 8. Study of bacterial growth pattern. Bacterial transformation and genetic improvement of microbes. Any 8) 1. biological control and recycling of waste b) Microbial products: fermentation technology 7 production of microbial biomass. principles and techniques.SEMESTER III BO 3. selection Unit 4: a) Hybridoma technology and stem cells b) Introduction to genomics. Isolation of root nodule bacteria. Production of alcohol by microbes. 10. Isolation and culture of bacteria. Estimation of alcohol. 5. . Effect of biofertilizers on growth of plant. scope and importance b) Applications of plant tissue culture c) Techniques of enzyme and cell immobilization. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology: Concept. scope and application of bacteria in agriculture with reference to biological nitrogen fixation. proteomics and bioinformatics c) Introduction to environmental biotechnology d) IPR: Concept. 6. 2. Sc. primary and secondary 8 metabolites and enzymes. ecological risks and ethical concerns Practical (2 Units. Study of phyto-remedation 9.2: BIOTECHNOLOGY & GENETIC ENGINEERING Total Lectures: 60 Theory (4 Units. Part II Syllabus… 8 7 4 4 4 3 b) Genetic engineering of plants: Aims. Seed dressing and inoculation with Rhizobia 7.

Narosa Pub.-Ason Press Washington 1984. Reinhert. Wiley Estern Ltd. New Delhi.Kapoor.K. 1995.: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… .and L. Wiley Eastern Ltd.G. Pub.2005 Kumar H.Ltd.Dubey. Trehan K. : Novo’s Handbook of Practical Biotechnology. Sullia and S Shantharam. Tauro. 1994.Bernard and Glick and J.J.. 1986. Molecular Biotechnology. M.S.K. Boyce. New Delhi.Oxford & IBH. Vikas Pb.D. and Y. Fundamental Methods. General Microbiology by S. Bajaj. Sc. Razdan.. 1977. Berlin. Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA.C.and K.Co. P.B. A/S. W.Phillips : Plant Cell.C. Aneja K.: Applied and fundamental aspects plant cell. Biotechnology. Plant pathology tissue culture and mushroom cultivation.L. Gamborg.Yadav: An Introduction to Microbiology.Suggested readings: A Text Book of Biotech by R. 2nd Ed. Trends in Biotechnology. C. Cambridge Univ.H. Novo Industry.. Springer Verlag..: Experiments in Microbiology.: An Introduction to plant tissue culture oxford & IBH Pbl. Tissue and organ culture. J. Weshwa Prakashan. 1985.Press.L.P. Cambridge. 1993.House. tissue and organ culture. 1996. K. New Delhi 1994.P. O. Roberts: Experiments in plant tissue culture.O.S. New Delhi.J Pasternals. M. Dodds. New Delhi 1996.

Respiration – whole plant respiration . Glycolysis in plants and its regulation . Unit –III 3. Secondary metabolites –Shikimate Pathway and its role in biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY`( Special Paper – I ) B O – 3. Study of Oxalic acid accumulation in leaf tissue. Synthesis and degradation of cellulose. Part II Syllabus… . 10. To study the effect of potassium on glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase . Organic acid metabolism –Metabolism and roles of oxalic acid. Study of effect of light on chlorophyll biosynthesis. 15 15 Unit –II M. factors controlling 4. 2. 7. Study of Phosphorus distribution in different plant parts. Role of Pyrophosphate in plant metabolism. Estimation of starch.Photosynthesis-A brief outline of chlorophyll biosynthesis and the pigment organization in thyllakoid membrane. Regulation of PCR Cycle and C4 Pathway. 4. 3. C3 – C4 intermediates. 10 5 Unit –IV 5. 11.Carbohydrate Metabolism – Regulation of starch and sucrose biosynthesis. Phosphorus uptake. Estimation of Polyphenols. Estimation of Cellulose. Regulation of Pentose Phosphate Pathway and TCA Cycle .31 Advanced Plant physiology and plant Biochemistry Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. ‘P’ fractions in plants. A brief idea of pectin biosynthesis and enzymes involved in pectin degradation. Study of enzyme polygalacturonase. Practicals :– Unit –I 1. 8 7 6. ascorbic acid and malic acid . ‘P’ uptake. Study of enzyme inorganic pyrophosphatase. 9. Sc. 5. Estimation of Ascorbic acid. Unit –II 2. RUBISCO and PEP Case.Phosphorus nutrition – Forms of phosphorus in soil. 8. 6. Regulation of electron transport chain and role of alternate oxidase. Study of enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase.

Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. and Ross. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. Smith.. G. Miller. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. Part II Syllabus… . E. Marschner. NY. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. J. and Fritz. Taiz. W. Krishnamurthy. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Sinha S. II and III. G. S. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. C. E.K. Steward F. Bhargava S. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. F.K. Noggle. Bonner. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. K. and Agarwal P. (1998): The Plant Physiology. Mukharjee. M. T. Pessarkli. F. Marcel Dekkar Inc. C. S.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. M.C. and Ziegler. M. a laboratory manual. Govindjee. R. P. C. H.N.W.K.(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. Wilkins. W. Edwards. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. L.V.R. I & II. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. D. J. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. Pessarkli. H. (1979): Plant Physiology.C. The Plant Cell. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. A Comprehensive Treatise. H.I. Walker. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. B. Moore. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. and Varner. (1996): Plant Physiology. Sc. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol.P. and Conn.. H. Salisbury. Stump. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Hopkins.C.N.Suggested readings:Bidwell. G.. S. I & II. M. W. B. USA). (1982): Photosynthesis Vol. (1983): C3. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Sane P. and Ghosh A.

a. Microtomy : Types of microtomes.8. 2. UNIT-II 7. Culture : Types of culture media and their preparation.11. 2. e. Techniques of microtomy. 5 & 6. c. Ultrastructural and cultural. b. Criteria used in the classification of fungi.9. Micrometry : Study of micrometry and its significance in fungal taxonomy. M. UNIT –IV 6. Status of fungi and research in Mycology and Plant Pathology in India: An overview. g.3 & 4. PDA.Measurement of spore size.Semester III MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. 11 04 15 15 04 04 04 03 Practicals (2 Units. Part II Syllabus… . 3. a. Physiological and Biochemical. Measurement of fungal dimensions. Sc. Preparation of culture media. Cytological and Genetics. special culture media. water. UNIT –III d. Webstor (1980). Morphology : External and Internal.12. air and host plant. UNIT -II 5. histogram and polygon. f.32. 10. 4. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. Host specificity. General features of fungi. their identification and Classification. Vegetative and Reproductive. 7. Various systems of classification of fungi. Microtomy of fungal specimen. determination of standard deviation and Frequency distribution. Czapeks Dox Agar and Richard’s medium. stains and fixatives used. Ainsworth (1973) and b. Isolation of fungi from soil.Taxonomy of Fungi (Special paper I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT -I 1. Serological and Nutritional.

P. III . Aneja K. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. IV-A and IV-B.(1994): A Text Book of Botany: Fungi.P. (1979): Taxonomy of fungi imperfecti. Sc.(1940): Plant Microtechniques. M. Rangaswamy G.K. Pandey.R. H.A. D.Vol. S. Bessey. G.(1975): Advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology.B.H. (1960): Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi.et al.L. I. H.F.(1989): Text Book of Fungi. II.(1909-50):Researches on Fungi Vol.K. Mycologia. Canadian Journal of Botany. Alexopoulous.. Part II Syllabus… .A. Sharma.Mims(1979) : Introductory Mycology. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. Johanson.R. Gangopadhyay S.Plant Pathology and Tissue Barnett.E.W.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Raychudhary .(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.REFERENCE BOOKS: Ainsworth.Sparrow. Gangulee.R. Journals Annual Review of Plant Pathology.Sussman (1973): The Fungi.and C.O. and A.and A.II. E. Kendrick.I-VIII.B.J. (1967): Morphology and Taxonomy of fungi Buller. S.S. C. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology.W.A.

Study of B chromosome in Maize/ Drimia. Mitotic and meiotic cell division 5 b) Meiosis: modes of meiosis. chisma. 9.r 10. Coix lacriamajobi.33: CYTOGENETICS Total Lectures – 60 Unit 1: a) Introduction to cytogenetics. Structural hybrids.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. Special type of chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. M. significance in plant breeding 8 7 8 7 7 b) Numerical variation in chromosomes. their cytological consequences. classification. b) Drosophila genetics: Life cycle. chromosome disjunction. Triticale transfer of segment from align chromosome. Setcreatia Cynotis). Sc. Induction of polyploidy using Colchicine. natural and induced polyploids Unit 3: a) Genome analysis in crop plants: Wheat. mechanism and theories of crossing over. Tobacco.I) B O 3. 11. Gene mapping and other uses. 7. Recombination models. Genetic control of meiosis. (03) 5. Cytological analysis of polyploidy in plants. Cotton. Delphinium malbaricum. genetic regulation of development in Drosophila Practical (2 Units. Meiotic analysis in plants (Stages. Synaptonymal complex 10 Unit 2: a) Structural variations in chromosomes. chisma terminalization by using photographs) Pachytene analysis. Genome analysis in wheat/ Gossypium. (2) 2. Any 8) 1. (02) 4. possibilities and limitations Unit 4: a) Apomixis. sources and consequences. 8. Part II Syllabus… 8 . Meiotic studies in structural hybrids (Rhoeo. euploidy and b) Alien genetic resources in crop improvement: Align addition and substitution lines. Smear preparations in Allium cepa. Zea mays. types of apomixes in higher plants. Study of life cycle in Drosophila melanogaste. 6. special type of chromosome. 3. B-chromosome its origin and consequences aneuploidy. Study of aneuploidy and chromosome mapping in barely. Study of Apomictic Chromosome.

8. New Delhi. 6. S. Fikui K. K.. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. and Jones E. Prasad G. 7. Kalyani Publishers. Gupta P. P. Ltd. Minnesota. and Sinha S. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. Karp G. Rastogi Publication Meerut. Plant Breeding and Evolution. Sc. New Delhi. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. L. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. Harti D.I 1. M. 4. and Young J.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. Burnham C. R. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. 2. Academic Press New York USA. 3. 1998 Cytogenetics. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. 1999 Cytogenetics. Part II Syllabus… . John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. W. 1973 Cytogenetics. Sinha U. Swaminathan M. 1996 Plant chromosomes. and Sinha U. 5. New Delhi 9.. Gupta P. S. Burgess Publishing Co. 10. Merz T. Khush G. Swanson C. and Nakayama S. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. New Delhi. K.

planning and management. Law of limiting factors. soil types of India. ii. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. Field visits to Industrial area. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 1. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. Land use classification. Marine Environment. Determination of BOD at R. UNIT 2: 3. Fresh water Environment – Wind. 11. Part II Syllabus… .T. Study of soil profile. EC. 10.currents. 4. tides. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. Soils: formation. 2. UNIT 3: 4.Classification of climate climographs. Study of wilting coefficient. Determination of organic matter from soil. 8. Study of EC and pH of the soil. TDS and TS). Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. 6.SEMESTER III (Special Paper – I) ENERGY.light. 5. waves. (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. UNIT 6: 6. currents. 2. composition. pH. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. soil profile. 9. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. winds. UNIT 4: 5. TSS. 3. Water: Resources and Management. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. Sc. 7.34 ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1.

Kershaw K. C. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Watt K. R. Das S. (1989) :Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical Methodology. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. Bradbury I.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. (1990) :The Biosphere. P. (1996) : Concept of ecology. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere.R. Greig Smith P. Odum E. M. J. K. and Das R. Misra K. A. Odum E. Sc. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. Grims J. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Part II Syllabus… . Krebs C. F. F. J. Freedman H. P. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. (1971) : Ecology. Misra R. Kormondy E. ( 1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. (3rd ed. (1973) : Principles of Environment Sciences. P. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. Pandeya S. C. E. M. I. Lieth H. (1978) : Ecology. K. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology.

SEMESTER III B O-3.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I)

Unit-I

1

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts, importance of taxonomy and need for classification, hierarchical classification, general and special purpose classifications, Alpha and Omega taxonomy, taxonomy as synthetic discipline.

4

2

THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000, systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity, the missions of systematic agenda-2000. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity.

4

3

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus, Albert Magnus, Otto Brunfels, Jerome Bock, Andrea Cesalpino, Jean Bauhin, Joseph Pitton de Turnfort, John Ray; ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students; Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson, Jean B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, De Jussieu, De Candolle, Bentham and Hooker.

7

Unit-II

4

A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: 10 The evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace, i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler, Adoph Engler, Alfred Rndle, Karl Christian MezAugust A. Pulle, Carl Skottberg, B. Hayata; the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein,Charles E. Bessey, Hans Hallier, John Hutchinson, Oswald Tippo, Karl Mez, G. Gunderson, Lyman Benson.

5

RECENT

SYSTEMS

OF

CLASSIFICATIONS:

By

Armen

L.

5

Takhtajan, Authur Cronquist, R. M. T. Dahlgren and Robert F. Thorne. Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat, leaf structure, nodal anatomy, xylem and phloem, inflorescence, flower, androecium, pollen grains, gynoecium, placentation, ovules, seeds, seedlings and fruits. 5

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

7

TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa, Forms of scientific names; major categories: division, class, order, family; minor categories: genus, species and infraspecific categories.

3

8

NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]; Divisions; Principles; Nomenclatural

7

terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype, isotype, syntype, lectotype, paratype, neotype; Effective and Valid publication; Priority; Scientific names-Correct name, Autonym, Basionym, Homonym, Synonym, Tautonym; alternative, ambiguous, illegitimate, naked, rejected and superfluous names. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION, 15 ECONOMIC

INTERELATIONSHIPS,

PHYLOGENY

IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae, Lauraceae, Piperaceae, Aristolochiaceae,

Nymphaeaceae, Moraceae, Urticaeae, Casuarinaceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation, principle of priority, transfer of taxa, effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon, deposition of type, Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers, stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules, placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. • Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Urticaeae, Aristolochiaceae, Casuarinaceae, Papaveraceae, Dilleniaceae, Alismataceae, Aponogetonaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Lauraceae, 15

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Najadaceae, Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Manilal, K. S. and M. S. Muktesh Kumar [ed.] 1998. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. DST, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi. • Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London. • Taylor, D. V. and L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • • • Takhtajan, A. 1962. Flowering plants- Origin and Dispersal. Hutchinson, J. 1959. Families of Flowering plants. Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC, Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

M. Sc. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60

UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification, Brief idea of Plankton, Nekton, Benthos. Marine phytoplankton- dinoflagellates. nanoplankton, ultraplankton, coccoliths. MARINE FUNGI, ACTINOMYCETES, LICHENS. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. CORALS, FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy, cytology, ultrastructure, salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae), Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Life histories of a few important species . UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek, Estuary, Lagoon and Delta. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’, Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves, East and West coast mangroves, Mangrove shores and forests. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae , Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae, Myrsinaceae, Acanthaceae etc. UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy, Distribution, Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy, distribution, adaptations, morphology, anatomical features. SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. Dune vegetation, Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. 5 5 5 15 15 6 5 4

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. Enteromorpha,Chaetomorpha, Ulva ,Caulerpa, Bryopsis etc. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex. Padina, Dictyota, Sargassum etc. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. Gracilaria, Gelidium , Hypnea etc. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus,Halophila etc.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex,Ipomoea etc.). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SUGGESTED READINGS :1. Chapman,V. J. (1976). Costal Vegetation. II nd edition Pergamon Press. New York. 2. Desikachary, T. V. (1975). Marine Plants. N. C. E. R. T. New Delhi. 3. Kumar H.D. Delhi. 5. McConnaughey,B. H (1974). Introduction to Marine Biology. 6. Ranade, D. R. & Gadre, R. V. (1988). Laboratory Manual., M.A.C.S. Pune. 7. Sambamurthy,A.V.S.S.(2005). A Text Book of Algae. 8. Santhanam, R.; Ramnathan,N.; Venkataramanjan K. & Jegathanam,G. (1987) . Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. & Aspects of Marine Botany.Daya Publication Home. Delhi. 9. Sen Neera and Kumudranjan Naskar, (2003). Algal Flora of Sundarbans. Mangal Daya 10. Stein, J. R. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press. 11. Trainor,F. R. Introductory Phycology. 12. Vashishta, B. R. (1995). Algae S. Chand and co. Ltd., new Delhi. Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. Introduction to Phycology. 4. Kumar H.D. and H.N.Sing (1990). Algae. Affiliated East West Press pvt. Ltd. publ. New

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER- I) B 0 3. 37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE- I Theory (4 Units, 60 Lectures)

Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture, laboratory design and

development, operation and management (3); b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture, factors influencing morphogenesis, Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7); c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling, sterilization technique, equipment and apparatus, procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5). Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture, Callus formation and its culture, Callus desiccation, organogenesis, meristem culture, axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10); b) Somaclonal variation; selection (5).

Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture, embryo rescuing, synseed (4); b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2); c) Cell suspension culture, cell line isolation (5); d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology; conservation, operation, maintenance, management (10); b) Cryopreservation, its importance and future prospects (5). Practical (2 Units, Any 8) 1&2. Media preparation 3. Sterilization techniques 4&5. Callus culture 6&7. Organogenesis 8&9. Cell suspension culture 10. 11. Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses, agro based industries (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1)

M. Sc. Part II Syllabus…

K.Inc. 1997.Narosa Publishing House. Plant cell culture. Reinsert. II.1981. I.B.Laboratory procedures and their applications. Bhojwani. Hand book of plant cell culture vol. 12..and Roverts. India. S.1973.S. 9. tissue and organ culture. Cambridge Uni. New Delhi.V. Heidelberg. Scientific Publishers. Pvt. Oril Press Oxford. press.. 1974. Doddas. S. Dixon.1997.C.A. tissue and organ culture fundamental Methods. Thorpe. Srivastava.Principles of gene manipulation. Berlin. Tissue culture. Reddy.Plant cell.E.L.R. New York 15. S.Blackwell. R.2002. England.S. 14.H. Purohit.Tata McGraw Hill Publishers. New York.1976. R.. S. L. New York.A. 5. Press. J. Nelson. Raghavan.and Razdan.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. Jodhpur. Gamborg. Springer Verlag. S. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co..1966.and Phillips. Oxford.Cell culture and somatic cell genetics of plants (I). 4. Part II Syllabus… . 1983. New Delhi. Plant tissue culture. G. Cambridge Uni. Evans et al 1983.K. Street H.V. N. Academic Press Inc. M. I. K. H.Reston Publishing Co. O.and Bajaj.Ltd.and Primerose. 11. Ravishankar. 2. theory and practice.M. J.and Venkataraman.Molecular embryology of flower plants. G.Plant.W. 10. New York.W. V.Microbial biotechnology. 7. T. 3. Vasil. 8. 13. Y.Suggested readings: Special Paper.Academic Press. Experiments in plant tissue culture. L. III. Co.1997.I 1. P.Plant cell and tissue culture. Old.Greenhouse operation and management. Narayanswamy. 6. Sc.1984.Academic Press. McMillan Publ. Elsevier Publ. D.A.a practical approach.1985.P. 1985.plant tissue culture. and Reddy.1997.P.

Hormonal regulation of leaf and petal senescence. A brief idea about development of plant organs: root.Growth and Morphogenesis-Meristems in plant development. b)Brassins. Plant movements – Phototropism. 15 Practicals:Unit –I 1. 2. 7. Effect of chemical compounds on pollen germination. Part II Syllabus… 06 03 06 . Plant Growth Regulators – A brief idea about discovery. Metabolism of leafy vegetables during storage. geotropism and nastic movements. To study the effect of different PGRs on seedling growth M. roles . cellular localization. Sc. 04 4. b)Maleic hydrazide. 5. 5. Unit –IV 8. stem. 10. 2. 6. 8. A brief idea about phytochrome biosynthesis. Unit –III 6.Biochemical changes during senescence of leaves and petals and regulation of senescence. and mutants in physiological studies. c)Trizoles d)TIBA. Study of changes in RNA and Proteins during senescence. Study of lipid accumulation during development of oil seeds. Unit –II 3.41 Plant Growth and Development (Special Paper II) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1. 9. Post harvest Physiology –Ripening of fruit and its regulation. 3. Study of enzyme acid phosphatase during ripening of fruits. 4. A brief idea about role of tissue culture. Study of changes in respiration rate during ripening of fruits. leaf and flower. Study of changes in starch / protein content during seed development. d)Jasmonates e)Polyamines . Senescence and PCD. mechanism of action of photomorphogenetic receptors. role and possible mechanism of action of a)Triacontanol. c)Salicylic acid. A brief idea about role of plant growth retardants a)CCC. History and discovery of phytochromes and cryptochromes and their photochemical and 11 04 biochemical properties . Unit –II 7. Seed Development –Biochemical changes during development of seeds. Photomorphogenesis . Programmed Cell Death. Pollen germination –Physiology of pollen germination and pollen stigma interaction.Semester –III PLANT PHYSIOLOGY B O 3.

Hopkins.C4 mechanism and cellular environmental regulation of photosynthesis. Salisbury. USA). K. (1976): Growth and Organization in plant. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. B. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. (1979): Plant Physiology. (1983): C3. I & II. Journal of Experimental Botany. J.I. E. P (9173) : Phytochemistry Vol. (1995): Introduction to Plant Physiology. G. and Fritz. W. Miller. M. S..(1992): Plant Physiology IV ed. and Ross. J. Wilkins.. Sadashivam and Manikam (1996): Plant Biochemical methods. The Plant Cell.N.V. (1988): Advances in frontier Areas of Plant Biochemistry. (1982): Photosynthesis Vol.C. Randhir Singh and Sawhney. and Ghosh A. W.N. and Varner. Steward F. Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. F. Marcel Dekkar Inc. W. Noggle. Part II Syllabus… . H. Smith. I & II. NY.. E. Sinha S. H.K. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. and Ziegler. Taiz. Pessarkli. H. M. S. (1980) : Biochemistry of Plants.C. A Comprehensive Treatise. Bhargava S.K. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1998): The Plant Physiology. Sc. and Agarwal P. G. Mukharjee. P. Moore. C. II and III.P. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. M. R. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. S. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. C. Bonner. Plant Physiology (Bethedsa. Marschner.R. and Conn. T. D. L.W. B. Edwards.C. (1996): Plant Physiology. (1975): Phytochrome and Photomorphogenesis. M.Suggested readings:Bidwell. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development.K. Krishnamurthy. (1974): Research experience in Plant Physiology. F. Stump. H. Govindjee. Walker. G. C. a laboratory manual. Pessarkli. Sane P.

Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. aflatoxins. protein for protein hypothesis.Production of Pectolytic. Nucleic acids. 4. UNIT-II 3. Sc. Pectolytic. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. Cellulolytic. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. antigen and antibody reaction. UNIT-III 4. 2. Immunoglobulines. Photosynthesis. UNIT. Bacterial. Cellulolytic . Fusaric acids. Cell wall degrading enzymes .2 & 3. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. 8 & 9. alternic Acid. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. Bacteria and Viruses. Proteins. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Piricularin. M. Deficiency of micronutrients. Toxins lycomarsmine. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. 10. gene for gene hypothesis. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. 6. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Fungal and Nematode. Victorin. 11 & 12. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. Amylolytic enzymes. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. Part II Syllabus… . Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. physiological specializations.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. application of immunological techniques. Respiration.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3.II 7. 5. UNIT-IV 5. phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins.

R. and A.M. Kuijit. A. Plank.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management.E. J. Gangulee. R. Epidemics and Control.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field. Mahadevan. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra.K.A.Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke. Uni. Fiber and Oilplants. Of California Press.(1963): Plant Diseases. Part II Syllabus… . Ny vall. Gangopadhyay S.S.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. S.A.B.S.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.J. (1994): Clinic al Plant Pathology.F.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. S. Aneja K.N.London and New York. A.E.A. Singh.(1980) : Plant Pathology. Paul Khurana.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. Plank J.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases. G.(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition).R.S. R.K. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India.U.P. H. and P.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios. and R. Padoley. Rangaswamy G. Sc. S. M. II.

cataloging. Any 8) 1. conservation and utilization (2). Germplasm collection. Estimation of heritability 7. Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) M. Heat and cold resistance (10). d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). Introduction. Components of variance. 5. Exploration and collection of germplasm. Line tester. Part II Syllabus… . c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. b) Mutation breeding (5). Triallele. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. (02). Assessment of variability. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 3. Metroglif analysis. Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). data storage and retrieval 4. b) Domestication. Selection under domestication. 6. Salinity. (02). and Acclimatization of plants (2). Generation mean analysis. 9. partial diallele. seedling growth and on mitosis 2. 10. To study the effect of mutagens on germination. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). Genetic erosion. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. Designing field experiments 8. (02) (02).SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. Genetic diversity (7). Practical (2 Units. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. Drought. D2 analysis. Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). Quarantine. Sc. Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance. (02). Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5).

FAO/IAEA Symposium (Vol 1&2)Vienna 6. 15. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. International Journal of Plant Breeding M. D. 7.C. New Delhi. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 7. and Smith D. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis.Principles and methods. Academic Press. 3. Roy Darbeshwar 2000. New York.. 21: 932-946. Vijendra Das L. Singh. Rosielle A. and Khna S. L. Co. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 8. J. 1989 Plant Breeding . Journal of Genetics 3. K. Pvt. Journals: 1. CRC Press Florida. 16. Salt and Other stresses. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. Gamma Field Symposia No. 10. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. Cytologia 5.M. and Singh B. 8. New York. 2. Singh R. 9. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. A. Siddiqui B. 2000. W. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. Ltd. Allard R. A. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 4. R. D. . Plant breeding. R. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 5. and Hamblin J. Narosa Publishers New Delhi. Immer F. 17. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. K. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Micke A. Sharma J. Part II Syllabus… .stress environments Crop Sci. Hays H. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 4. Bulm A. Ltd.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Sharma. 2. Poehlman J. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. 18.Special Paper. 11. Ludhiana. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. Principles and practice of plant breeding. Levitt J. 13. New Delhi. Kalyani Publishers. Kalyani Publishers.R.30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Chopra V. Sc. Caryologia 6. 1999 Breeding in crop plants. R. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . Fehr W.II 1. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 14. New Delhi. 12. D. 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. B. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi.

SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. Regulation of communities. community stability. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. 3. Human Population Dynamics and predication. Community Periodism. Part II Syllabus… .44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. etc. Biodiversity in India. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. Study of population dynamics. UNIT 2: 1) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. 2. Indian Biodiversity (15) Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) UNIT 5: 1. Determination of association index.Ecotone and Edge effect. Genecology-Ecads.Role of Different factors. Threats to Biodiversity. (6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities. 4. Hot spots. Determination of similarity index. 5. Density dependant and Independent Regulation. Conservation of Biodiversity. stratification. E) Community as Indicator. Study of the Litter production. Sc. Global biodiversity. Ecotypes.Global and Indian. (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. Study of stratification and physiognomy. community M.

1990) : The Biosphere. Shukla. Weaver. Willis.UNIT 6: 6. 7. and Clements. D. and Singh. and Churchill. C. Misra K. (1996) (4th ed. 8. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of Geobiosphere. J. H. Yadav. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. Galston. M. J. (1997): Progress in Ecology vol. and Higashi. E. Kormondy E. S. G. S. I. F. Visit to local protected or conserved area. P. C. S. (1979): Elements of Ecology. P. and Singh. (1978) : Ecology. Sc. J. Brij Gopal and Bhardwaj. (1973): Introduction to Plant Ecology. Puri. Walter.. Hamdan. Part II Syllabus… . A. (3rd ed. and Chandel. Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. Biomass profile for the community. (1983): Plant Ecology. R. Pandeya S.Community function – Biomass production measurement. M. A. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology. Determination of IVI. S. J. J. C. Nair. 10. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bradbury I. et al (1994): Widening Perspectives on Biodiversity. (1968) : Research methods in plant ecology. P. Suggested readings:• Abe. J. 9. Greig Smith P. N. Odum E. (1979). S. T. H. G. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll. J. Krebs C. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. K. II. (1961): The Plant Community. S. Levin. Krattiger. A.): Concept of ecology.. P. E. S.K. Study of community bisects. K. S.): Biodiversity an Ecological Perspective. Study of Vegetation by transect method. (1938): Plant Ecology. (1997) (ed. (1996): Biodiversity: A biology of numbers and differences. (1990): Principles of Environmental Biology.

precipitation reaction. phenons and ranks. classes of compounds and their biological significance. adaptations. Sc. chromosome banding. construction of taxonomic groups. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. chemical protein analysis procedures. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. antigen. palynogram. 7 cladogram. NPC of pollen. GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. measurement of resemblances.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. cluster analysis. discrimination. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. techniques. exine stratification. Basic chromosome number. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics. genetic variations and plant systematics. techniques.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. aneuploidy. Cladastics and classification. character coding. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. application of serological data in systematics.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. 7 M. karyotype. scope and limitations. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. OUTs. symmetry. merits and demerits. applications. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. techniques of protein electrophoresis. L/O pattern. parsimony analysis. ecological variations. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. serology and taxonomy: history. unit characters. antisera antibody. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy. Part II Syllabus… . pollen characters of taxonomic importance. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. chromosome morphology. excrescences. ECOLOGY.

Cuscutaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. SEM and plant surface stucture. Dioscoriaceae. Asteraceae. INTERELATIONSHIPS. Part II Syllabus… . 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis M. VARIATIONS. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's).8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Pontederiaceae. Burmanniaceae. Orchidaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Sc. Lobeliaceae. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Plantaginaceae. Lentibulariaceae. vessels. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. Boraginaceae. Costaceae. Unit-IV 10 MORPHOLOGICAL. • • Study of chomosomes.

1952. Vikas Publ. Dioscoriaceae. 1984. S. New Delhi. U. Erdtman. M. Plant Anatomy. and V. (Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. Sketching. G. Sc.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. New Dehli. • Cronquist. Almquist and Wiksell. Today and Tommorow Publications. Lobeliaceae. New Delhi. House. • Erdtman. Ind. Burmanniaceae. Plantaginaceae. • Cronquist. P. ecology and flowering of the region in first term.Unit-II • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions. New Delhi. Sc.A. Columbia University Press. 1988. P. Co. 1979. classification and identification of families: Gentianaceae. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. Embryology of Angiosperms. • Maheshwari.) Allen Press. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. P. Hafner Publ.. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. Lentibulariaceae. Stockholm. Angiosperms. Angiosperms.S. Nat. Tata McGraw Hill. S. M. and Bhatnagar. H. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. A. • Davis. B. A. 1984. S. 1981. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Asteraceae. G. New York. Heywood 1991. Cuscutaceae. Costaceae. • • Fahn. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. • Johri. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. New York. Acad. H. 1952. Boraginaceae. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. 1985. Part II Syllabus… . Pontederiaceae.

• Lawrence George H. R. 1980. Hickey 1997. E. New Delhi. New Delhi. Stevens P. Sc. 1951. Donald. Massachusetts. S. • Paech. INC. L.. Pollen Biology. • Naik.• Manilal. 1993. New Delhi . J. and M. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. 1984. V. • Shivanna. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. London. Sinauer Associates. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.) Butterworths. D. and M. 1992. 1966.F. Oxford and IBH Publ.. Kollogg. S. New Delhi. J. K. 1956. J. and M.. M. S. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. K. Donoghue 2008. Muktesh Kumar [ed. USA. Flowering Plants: Origin. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis.Publishers. • Judd Walter S.A Laboratory Manual. V. Ltd. K. London. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. K. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Ltd. Plant Systematics. • Taylor. N. V.Sunderland. and N. Rangaswamy. and L. • Quicke. A. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Blakie Academic & Professional.] 1998. Springer-Verlag. • Nair. Co. Pvt. Periodical Expert Book Agency. New Delhi. P. DST. M. Evolution and Phylogeny. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. Cmpbell C. Tracey. S. Vol-I & II. K. Part II Syllabus… .

Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. Availability in sea water. photosynthetic rate. Accumulation of free amino acids. Salt glands in mangroves. vitamins for growth of algae. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. selective ion absorption. Leaf succulence. Sc. Role of aspartate. of these compounds.light absorption. Factors affecting. Membrane transport under salinity. MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. 5 MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution. in mangroves. 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M.46 BO-3. Ultrastructure of salt glands. Photorespiration. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Photosynthetic enzymes. Induction of CAM.M. properties and extraction of Agar. Chemical structure.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Significance of vivipary. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Part II Syllabus… . Uptake. effect of low light condition.Essential elements. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion. Sc.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids.

A. & Harrison. 6. (1976) : Costal Vegetation.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. Ring M. e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves. Lobban. UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. London and New York. 5. Sambamurthy. London. (1982) : The Biology of Marine Plants. c) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. Chapman.Lumnitzera etc. Cambridge University Press. S. F. Jackson D. S. d) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. carotenoids. J. C. Gerald. D. (2005) : A Text Book of Algae. Part II Syllabus… . New York. 7. Plenum Press. (1972) : Biology of Halophytes Academic Press. Sc. 2. J. b . P. phycobilins etc. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suggested Readings :1. Stewart. chlorophyll a. J. R. (1972) : Algae and Man. d. 9. V. Stein. b) Isolation of agar agar from algal material. IInd edition Pergamon Press. V. 3. S. (1985) : Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. E. Edward Arnold Publishers. M. 4. (1974) : Algal Physiology & Biochemistry. e) Determination of organic matter content from sediment. Waisel Y. W. (1973) : Handbook of Phycological & Biochemistry. 8.c.PRACTICAL COURSE II UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land.

DNA polymorphism (7). constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. DNA sequencing.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. its modification. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). 13. application. c) Molecular research procedure. protoplast technology (5). Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. chromosome walking and jumping (9). gene synthesis machines (10). basic PCR. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). molecular probes. Practical (2 Units. Gene amplification. Part II Syllabus… . cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. 4. 6. b) Immunology (5). construction of chimeric DNA. synthesis. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning. southern northern and western blotting. Sc. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. Unit 3: a) Isolation. Unit 4: a) Genomics. dot and slot blots.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. 9&10 11. 7&8. 2&3. Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). 5. Theory (4 Units. Any 8) 1. 12. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. Techniques of restriction mapping.II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3.

1998.1997. Meerut. 2000. 7.N. India. H. S. 1996.2001.and Ahuja. India ltd.1994.J. Gupta. New Delhi.l. Genetic Engineering and its applications. ASM Press.Special Paper II: 1. International Book Distributing Co. Joshi. Jogdand. S.Agrobios.Agrobotanica.Molecular Biotechnology. B. Mumbai. J. Sc. and Pasternak. Genetic Engineering. Elements of Biotechnology.Mcmilan.Gene Biotechnology.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. India. Glick. Washington 3. Himalaya Publishing House. Biotechnology in crop improvement.K. 2. India. P. Part II Syllabus… . I. Chavala. 4. 6. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.S.1998. P. Kakralya.principles and practice. Rastogi Publisher.R. B. Mitra. 5. M.

Rubisco. Sc. Sulphate uptake. (06) transport and ATP synthesis.the Calvin cycle. glyoxylate cycle. Part II Syllabus… . ethylene and ABA. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. 4. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. transamination. Sub classification of C4 plants. Inhibitor of respiration. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 1. modern concept of electron lipids. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. cytokinin. reduction and assimilation. Unit -III 5. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. significance of photorespiration. passive and active solute transport. transport. gibberellin. membrane transport of proteins. Anaerobic respiration. 2. photooxidation of water. (09) (06) M. “nif” genes. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. carbon assimilation. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 3. mechanism of electron and proton transport. regulation of nitrogen fixation. (09) and modification of CAM. Nitrogenase.1. phloem loading and unloading. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4.

Unit –II 6) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 1) Study of enzyme ATPase 2) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. 7) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. Part II Syllabus… . role of cyclic nucleotides. salinity. e. with paper chromatography. (06) Unit –IV 7. (09) 8. specific signaling mechanisms. protein kinases and phosphatases. phospholipids signaling.g. The flowering process: Photoperiodism and its significance. 8) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. freezing and heat stress. 5) Study of enzyme lipase. metal ion stress. endogenous clock and its regulation. Signal Transduction: -Overviews.proteins. floral induction and development. 3) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination M. 4) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Sc. receptors and G. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. role of vernalization. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade.genetic and molecular analysis. 9) Study of nitrate reductase in plants.6.

(1996) Plant Physiology. G. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. 15. (1971): The biology of Flowering. IV. and ghosh A. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology. Krishnamurthy. Bonner. J.(1990): Plant Physiology. H. Taiz L. Salisbury. 4.R. 8.B. and Ross. Stump. Miller. and Conn. Beevers. 12. J. 11. G.B. and Fritz. E. 16.V. Devlin. III. E. 9.I. Levitt. 17. II nd Edition. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. F. F. A Treatise Vol. and Zeiger F. W. Sc. 10. (2004): Plant Physiology. G. II and III. J. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. 2.P. and Varner. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. Salisburry. 13. 3. II. Wilkins. Marschner. Noggle.Reference Books1.A. P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. IX and XII. 14. (1969.N. Epstein.B. Pessarkli M. F. H. Comprehensive M. 5.M. 7.N. Mukharjee S.E. Part II Syllabus… . (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. 6. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. M. (1976): Plant Biochemistry. Gregory. R.

Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. root. root hairs. Vesscular tissue differentiation .2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE.(04) 2. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . Part II Syllabus… . Chemotropism. experimental induction and partial importance.SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. embryo culture and their significance. Application:Utility in systematics. 4. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 1. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 2. generative cell. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. nucellus. ovary. Sc. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. 6. pollen wall. central wall. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. Lateral roots . Pollen wall proteins. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 1. Causes. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. 3.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. 7. Unit –II 5. Post fertilization events. endosperms. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. causes. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. antipodal.Determination.microbes interaction. M. Polyembryony: Classification. pollen tube. (04) 3. consequences and significances of (04) (04) (06) molecular aspects of SAM. Stigma surface proteins. apomixis. Eggs. (05) 4.

Examine of L. microfossil groups and oil exploration. Tabacco. 4. aerial roots of banyan . Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. pollen calendar and importance. Citrus) Anatomy: 1. pollen germination. Sc. (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. application in crop productivity.foraging behaviour of bees . to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. 3. 2. 4. Aeropalynology: Principles. 7. M. unifloral multifloral honey. (Mango.S. 2.S. and L. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots 5. Agropalynology: Pollen viability. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. pollen and spore allergy. pollen analysis.to Paleopalynology : Principles. stomata.S. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. types of stomata . (02) (02) (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 1. Study of leaf anatomy – structure.Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Study of polyembryonic seeds. Pistia. pollen storage and their significance. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize.) origin of lateral roots . Part II Syllabus… . trichomes. 5. techniques. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. 3. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. Jussieua etc. properties of pollen. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. 6.

aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. G. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. 40:2157 Emmes.Res. R. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. M. B M. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology. 4 5 Study of allergic plants and their pollen. Stanley. P.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. M A. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons Solender. Sc. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. Bot.L. Easau. Part II Syllabus… .Palynology: 1 2 3 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . Bot. C R and L Chalk. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. E J. Fahn. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. P.53:53-79. H. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher.Rev. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari. A. 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. and M C Danials.1965: Physiological Masueth. Cutter. K. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. J D. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata. structure Anatomy: Barnova. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. Biochemistry management Shivanna. R G and F. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson. K.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari.

P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Y. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Gregory. D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. Nair. Tilak. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. G. P H. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. S T. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. Nair. Fageri. Pandey and Chadha. K and J Inversen. Bhattacharya. Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. structure and function. Part II Syllabus… . . 1964: Text book of pollen analysis.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. K. A Laboratory manual. Erdtman.Palynology Cunningham. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology . P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. Sc. Heslop-Harrison.

Flooding stress . Part II Syllabus… . Causes of soil Salinization. Thermal stresses . Oxidative stress . (09) (07) 4. Photoprotection mechanisms.Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. zinc). Transgenic approaches. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants. Mechanism of UV tolerance.Nature of waterlogging stress. (05) 7. (05) (06) M. Radiation stress . Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Effect of ROS on metabolism. (05) 6. Transgenic approaches.4. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants. Ionic stress . Drought hardening. Unit –III 5. Role of HSP.Generation of reactive oxygen species.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants.Definition of saline soil. Effect of UV radiations on plants.60 Unit –I 1. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Water stress . Antitranspirants. Sc. Wetland and non wetland species. Mechanism of stomatal action. Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. Phytoremediation. Salt stress . Genetic engineering for salt tolerance.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. (08) 2. heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Transgenic approach. Unit –II 3.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O. Cold hardening.Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants.

Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. M. Hale. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. 4) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. Sc. 10. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. U. 3) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes. S. Gupta. M. Gupta. Fitter. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. 6. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. H. 3. U.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. 5) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. N.Unit –IV 8.M. Cherry. J. (1972): Crop Physiology. Evans. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. K. K. S. Allelopathy. of disease resistance. 9.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. and Orcutt.(1972): Crop Physiology. 8. T. and Hay. 5. A. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. Gaseous stress . Part II Syllabus… . T. Unit –II 6) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. M. 4. 2. D. Fageria. R. Practicals:Unit –I 1) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 2) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. 7. Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism. Kozlowski.T. Biochemical mechanism (09) Suggested readings:1. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. L. (06) 9.C. S.

29.K. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). M. and Sarin M. Manures and fertilizers.A. N. (1969. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. (1975): Plants in saline environment. and Gupta. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. 27. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. Sharma. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. and Cramer. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. K. L. 17. R. Sc. Turner. I & II. Journal of Experimental Botany. 18. Nickell. (1982): Tropical tree crops. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. 22. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 25. Mehrotra.G. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Y. L.11. Srivastava. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 15. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. Paleg.J.. Everymans Science.G. 12. D.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. E.N. 16. Upeke. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. J. 23.V. Plant Physiology (USA). McLaren. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden.Pessarkli. (1980): Plant Pathology. J. 21. 28. Pessarkli. C. P. L. 13. and Gale. 20.S. 14. Marcel Dekkar Inc. Pojakoff Mayber A. NY.D. H. K. Levitt. R. L. Part II Syllabus… . and Aspinal. Bhargava S. Sinha S. Mansfield.S. and Agarwal P.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. N. and Zeiger F. 26. J. Rice. W. M.K. Asana. S.. S. Environmental pollution. 19.C. 24. Taiz L. C. Sane P. Marschner. I. M.

Preparation of spawn: Grain.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. diseases and their control. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. cost benefit analysis. Perlite and manure spawn.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT.. Commercial fungal strain : selection. 2. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Pleurotus spp. Sc. 11 & 12. M. Any 8) UNIT-I 1.I 1.III 5. Production of Ergot alkaloids. 6. Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. Cultivation of mushroom. 2. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. UNIT. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. 3. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. Edible fungi. 5 & 6. UNIT-II 7 & 8.development and their maintenance. 05 3.Semester. 7. 9 & 10. 4. UNIT-II 4. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin. Part II Syllabus… . Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production.improvement. 15 Practicals (2 Units.

Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. Part II Syllabus… .(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. (1975): Mould.(1961): Industrial Microbiology.D. Casida. 14. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I.Jr. 4. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. Rose.S. Prescott.T. Whipps. Gray. 15.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. Onions.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. Singer. Christensen.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology.P.A. A. 18. 16. 20. S. 9. J.G. 10. and Hays. 2.and Gaze.(1959): Industrial Microbiology. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. C.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms.D.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. Smith.E. 11.W. J. 6. 7. Aneja K. Sc..(1970): The Yeast.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. M.II and III. . Barger.R.W.M. and Dunn.D.T.M. 12. Rhodes.(1935):Industrial Mycology. Chang. A. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. and Fletcher.H. Lodder.:The filamentous fungi Vol.J.D.White.D. R. L. 3. W. and Barry. J. W. 5.F. 17. 13. 19.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization.L.O. G.C.H.F. Dodge. and R. 8.S. R.REFERNCE BOOKS: 1. Allsopp and H. A.R.C.I Industrial Mycology Vol.H. Fletcher. D.

RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). construction of genomic libraries. amplification using vectors. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). Study of transformation (02). Media preparation for microbial cultures. Any 8) 1.III) B O 4. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. coli and Agrobacterium. Sc. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). fine structure and deletion mapping). 12. Transformation. Study of southern blotting (02). 2. 9. Isolation.33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. conjugation and Transduction. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). Genes from plastids and nuclei. Practical (2 Units. Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). 10.an overview (Mutants. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. using phagemid vectors. bacterio-phage X 174 (8). 5. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. Post transcriptional. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes. 7. 3. Study of bacterial transduction (02). Part II Syllabus… . Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). T4 genetic map. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). genetic recombination in phage. M. The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. coli. culturing and growing E. Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15). translational. production of recombinant DNA molecules. Genetic exchange in bacteria. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. b) Molecular analysis of DNA.

1990 Fundamentals of Genetics.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1998 Genomes. Lewontin R. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Suzuki D. 3. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Lewin. 4. 8.III 1. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. Journals: 1. 10. Miller J. Stickeberger M. Griffith A. L. . K. Ltd. W. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. Jain H. Klug W. Merrill Publishing Company London. VI. T. Cytologia 4. 2000 Genes IV. Wolfe S. 5. H. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Wadwith Publishing Co. J. Caryologia 5. K. Unwin Hyman Publication London. H. 2. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective.. Gupta P. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical M. C. Part II Syllabus… . and W. B. 6. 12. Brown T. D. 9. S. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. Pvt. New York. Oxford University Press. 1999 Genetics Principles. F. A. New Delhi. California USA. Twyman R. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. R. Sc. 6th Edition W. Latchman D. Freeman New York. Ltd. Concepts and Implications. New Delhi. Journal of Experimental Botany 7. 11. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. Charles E.. V. Alberts B. M. Annual review of Microbiology 2. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 3. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 6. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. S. M. Viva Books Pvt. New York. New Delhi. 7. Singh B. and Cummings M.

Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Transects.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Hydrogen fuel.34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 1. (5) distribution. (3) 3. Working model. species environment (microclimate). Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. physical anatomy. (7) UNIT 2: 4. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . leaf area index 5. UNIT 4: 9. Methods of primary productivity measurements. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. 2. Bisects. 10. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum). (8) 8. seed (5) germination. geographic (LAI). Global primary productivity patterns. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. Energy from wastes. Ecosystem modeling. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. Biomass production by the species. Sc. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. Biological methods. Part II Syllabus… . techniques of producing biomass energy plants.SPECIAL PAPER-III BO-4. Conservation of energy ` (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) M. 6.Conceptual model.

Part II Syllabus… . 3. aquatic M. Ecological data collection for computer use. Sc. Study of Leaf Area Index. 10. UNIT 6: 6. ( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 1.Practicals. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 11. Use of ecological model in the field study. 9. 8. Study of rooting of the cuttings. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. 7. Study of population growth curve. Setting up an ecological model. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity. 2. 5. Determination of calorific value of wood. 4.

Hashimoto Y et al (1990) : Measurement techniques in plant sciences. R.Suggested readings:• • • Agarwal S. (1996) : Concept of ecology. and Das R.K. Pandeya S. Das S. Greig Smith P. Grims J. 1996) : Fundamentals of Ecology. J. R. Freedman H. Misra K. (1980) : Deterministic mathematical models in population ecology. (3rd ed. Lieth H. J. I. et al (1988) : Comparative Plant Ecology. (1975) : Environment and plant ecology : aims and development. Krebs C. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Bradbury I. Odum E. A. (1989) : Handbook of Limnology and water pollution with practical methodology. (1964) : Quantitative and dynamic ecology. (1983) : Quantitative Plant Ecology.P. (1978) : Ecology. et al (1963) : Research methods in plant ecology. Misra R. F. C. Odum E.M.1990) : The Biosphere. F. (1973): Principles of Environment Sciences.K. Part II Syllabus… . Sc. P. et al (1973) : Patterns of primary production in the biosphere. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Etherington J. Kershaw K. (1971) : Ecology. C. Kormondy E. P. (1992) : Fundamentals of Ecology. (1971) : Proceedings of the school of plant ecology. E. Watt K. M.

bibliographies. cenospecies. their merits and demerits. color charts. D. J. T.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. its role in research and teaching. analysis and data presentation. computerized keys. C. tabular and lateral keys. biosystematic categoriesecotype. dictionaries and addresses. Biological and alternative species concepts.Nominalistic. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. methodology. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. Haines. Prain. scope and limitations. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). Sc. Santapau. training and conservation of plants. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. dates of publication. Brandis. Van Rheede. methods in biosystematic studies. Roxbugh. glossaries. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. concepts of species. Parkinson. John Koenig. Robert kid. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. Wallich. acosta. Thomas Thomson. concept of species. catalogues. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. N. 5 camparium. 5 M. outstanding botanical libraries. Cooke.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. concept of genus and family. steps in biosystematic study. dictionaries. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. monographs and revisions. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. location of type specimens. Gamble. Robert Wight. biographical references. Buchnan. cultivated and economic plants. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. maps and cartography. ecospecies. Duthie. review serials. Typological. world floras and manuals. Part II Syllabus… . Fyson. John Burman. periodicals.Semester IV B O-4. William Griffith. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic.

Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation. Clusiaceae. phyletic. Passifloraceae. Arecaeae. Part II Syllabus… . Araceae. Caricaeae. Caricaeae. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Araceae. Mayrean. M. Bigoniaceae. Pandanaceae. Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Tiliaceae. Salicaeae. catastrophic. Tiliaceae. Lemnaceae. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions.quantum. geographic. • • • Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Bigoniaceae. Arecaeae. Sc. Pandanaceae. local ecological. Sketching. Salicaeae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae. speciation and evolution of species. SYSTEMATIC 5 POSITION. Lecythidaceae. Lecythidaceae. classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae. Passifloraceae.

. R. V. M.) Chapman and Hall. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Sc. J. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. 1951. • Taylor. and L. H. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. A. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Co.Sunderland. (2ed. k. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. New York. London. Sinauer Associates. Ltd.S. Ltd. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.A. Blakie Academic & Professional. A. and V. P. • Shivanna. A. Kollogg. Donald.. L. and B. Dehra-Dun..Selected Readings • Cronquist. 1984. Plant Systematics. • Naik. • Quicke. New Delhi . 1994. 1988. M. New Delhi. Part II Syllabus… . Hickey 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. Evolution and Phylogeny. Cmpbell C. USA. New Delhi. INC. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. J.F.) Allen Press. Oxford and IBH Publ. R. • Judd Walter S. V. 1994. Today and Tommorow Publications. S. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). New Delhi. J. 1981. • Endress Peter. R. Columbia University Press. Pvt. Johri 1985. K. D. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Wiley Eastern limited. H. and M. N. CBS Publishers & Distributers. • • Richard. Heywood 1991. U. A. New Delhi. 1997. 1993. Donoghue 2008. E. Rao.Publishers. • Cronquist. Stevens P. M. • Lawrence George H. J. • Davis. Massachusetts. Cambridge. Flowering Plants: Origin.

sewage. Oceans. CO2. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . distribution. Part II Syllabus… . physiological.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . Biotic factors . Toxic metal pollution. Sc.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. morphological adaptations in mangroves. waves. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. sources and impact. Concept of Marine Park. Detritus based food chain. tidal action.M. factors M. Calcification. affecting.floral and faunal components. ocean floor)factors. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. 5 10 5 10 5 PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. temperature. Threats and conservation measures. Sea as an environment. Ecological significance. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations. Natural and anthropogenic stress . PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. nutrients) Physical ( light. Estuaries. distribution and types. reef algae. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. wind. Human impact. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Oil. 9 UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. Abiotic factors . Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. pesticide. Anatomical. diversity. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. 10 CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Role of phytoplankton. Sc. O2. Types of Coasts. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem. Biomagnification.Chemical (salinity.

salinity. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater. E. S. Ltd.V.Cambridge University Press. Lobban.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. Daves. New Delhi. New York. Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves. Introduction to Marine Biology. Gerald. Part II Syllabus… . Vol. I and II. Today and Tomarrow.Bakshi.B. H (1974). J (1985). Current trends in life science. Sc. Naya Prakash. Dawson (1960). Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semiarid Land. M. Marine Botany Physiology and Ecology of Seaweeds. Chand and Co. sclerides in mangroves . c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. and chlorinity of seawater . (1976).P.C. pH. J. S. Sundar bans. C. UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. c) Study of salts glands. Naskar. Publ. Marine Botany. (1994). • Pandey B. P. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. II nd edition Pergamon Press. An Ecological Perspective. J. New Delhi. d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. Costal Vegetation. • • McConnaughey. Kumundrajan and Rathindranath Mandal (1999). b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. Kumudranjan. Vol.23: Agromicrobes. & Harrison. Algae . Suggested Readings :• • • • • Chapman. Mangrove Swamps of the • Naskar. Dwijendra Narayan Guha . e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. trichomes.. (1985).

(1999). R. • • • Round Ecology. N.• Parsons. R. J. • Ranade. V.. Sc.E. Mangrove Ecology. . M. Agromicrobes. Saenger. (1988). New Delhi. Today and Tomorrow . Proceedings of Asian Symposium. Cambridge University Press. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. R. (2002). M. D.Y & Lalli. Maita. R. R. T. Macintosh (1988).J. C. M. Zha.N. A. Current Trends in Life Sciences Vol. Mangrove Environment Research Management. Silviculture and Conservation. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Sea Water Analysis. (1981) Elements of Marine Ecology. Soepadmo. Tait. Kuala Lumpur.23. Part II Syllabus… . Springer. Publi. Rao and D. V. P. • • • Stein. Laboratory Microbial Aspects of Anaerobic Digestion. & Gadre.

Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). Gene banks (5). 6. Study of synseeds. orchids. Preparation of biofertilizers. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). 10.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Theory (4 Units. cell suspension. Part II Syllabus… . 7. Practical (2 Units. cell cultures. Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. Study of transgenic plants. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. Any 8) 1. Bioreactor. Applications in public sector (2). b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants. (8). Pinus etc. 8&9. M. Ficus etc. 2&3. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. reporter genes (4). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Tectona. Study of Nitrate reductase activity. embryo culture. Cell suspension culture. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. Anther.Secondary metabolites from callus.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. edible vaccines. 5. Factors affecting product yield. edible antibodies (6). (5). selectable markers. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. Hairy root culture.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. Sc. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. biotransformation. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Somatic embryogenesis.III) B O 4. c) Molecular farming. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). 11. 4.

. Meerut. New York.1994. Glick.Wiley Eastern Ltd. Cambridge University Press.K. General microbiology. M. H.R.Microbial biotechnology.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.Suggested readings : 1. Gupta.M. 1998. Reddy.1997. Ravishankar. H. 3.l.P. Kakralya. S. 2. Part II Syllabus… . A. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. B. India.and Venkataraman. Elements of Biotechnology. Trehan. Chavala. India. Marcel Dekker.Molecular Biotechnology. Sc.J. I. 7.K. Washington. Purohit. B.Ltd. ASM Press. Agricultural Biotechnology.V. K. G. Schlegel.2001. Biotechnology in crop improvement.R. P. International Book Distributing Co. New Delhi.1995.. Altman. 6. D.and Ahuja. and Reddy.S. New Delhi.Biotechnology. J..Agrobios. L. 2000. Pvt. 4. H. New Delhi.G. Rastogi Publisher. 5. and Pasternak. 9. India. 8. Jodhpur. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. 1998.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Scientific Publishers. Srivastava.A.1994.1997. S.

Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) Ethylene and post harvest physiology. CO2 as a fertilizer. Part II Syllabus… .Photoperiodism and vernalization. Biofertilizers. (06) 2) Nutriophysiology . Physicochemical properties of soil. Factors controlling crop productivity. Foliar applications of mineral elements.Semester-IV B O – 4. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Harvest index. lime and gypsum as soil additives. Unit –II 3) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Sc. sex determination and fruit development. Role of chelates in mineral utilization.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 1) Crop growth and its regulation.Physicochemical properties of soil. Biotonics. Role of PGRs in flowering. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. (09) M. Factors influencing mineral uptake. water use efficiency and N use efficiency. (06) (09) 4) Reproductive physiology:.

28. 31. NAR. Hale. D. Gupta.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. LAI. H. J. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. Fageria. N. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. weedicides and their mode of actions. K. 27. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress. LAR. Gupta. M. S. Sc.) 3.C. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. Part II Syllabus… . (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:25. Practicals:Unit –I 1. 33. 7) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. M.M. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. 8) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India.T. R. etc. and Orcutt. (1972): Crop Physiology. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). 32. Kozlowski. Evans.4) Determination of N. M. Fitter. 26. 29. T. A. U. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. S. T. Cherry. S. L.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. K. 34. Invading weeds. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. and Hay. 30. U.(1972): Crop Physiology.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction.

K. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology.N. Marschner. Bhargava S. 40. (1982): Tropical tree crops. Paleg.35. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. C. S. J.K. 27. and Gale. Sinha S. Manures and fertilizers. Sharma. 37.D. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. Srivastava. Marcel Dekkar Inc. 42. 41. and Sarin M. Pessarkli. J. C. Sc. Mehrotra. R.J. Environmental pollution. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology). W. N.G. 25. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. (1975): Plants in saline environment. and Aspinal. Pojakoff Mayber A. L. Asana. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. 36. I & II.V. 38. S. Mansfield.S. 43. M. L. and Agarwal P. 46. and Zeiger F. Y. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. 39. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. Turner. K.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. Everymans Science. H. 28. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. E. Rice. Taiz L. Yawalkar and Agarwal. 29.K. L. N. 44. Plant Physiology (USA). (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. R.C. 45. and Cramer.S. D. J. 47. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. 26. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. Journal of Experimental Botany. M. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. (1980): Plant Pathology. Nickell. Levitt. (1969.. M.A. I. Part II Syllabus… . 48. and Gupta.Pessarkli.. P. McLaren.G. Upeke. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. L. NY. Sane P.

Culture methods. T. pathogens and their management. formulation and classification of fungicides. contact and 10 05 Systemic fungicides. fungicide resistance in plants. Chemical methods. soil. Sunflower (Downy mildew). VA-Mycorrhiza. 15 UNIT-IV 5. Part II Syllabus… . Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). Soybean (Mosaic). seed. avoidance of pathogen.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Banana (Blight). Glomus. Seed certification. UNIT-III 4 Integrated management of some important diseases-history. Anthracnose.IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Grapes (Powdery mildew. isolation and identification of Pathogens. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). symptomology. Rice (Blast). Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. 2. Methods of disease diagnosis. 15 15 M. Tomato (Early blight). breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Trichoderma viride. uptake and mode of action. UNIT-II 3.Bajara (Green ear). Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. plant treatments of Fungicides. Pseudomonas flurescans. field observation.harzianum. Wheat (Rust and Bunt). international approach. Downy mildew). Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides. Biological control Agents. Sc. Citrus (Canker). Potato (Early and late blight). Pigeon pea (Wilt). Quarantine laws. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). Cotton (Angular leaf spot).

Singh.9 & 10. F. 11 & 12. Ny Vall. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. Sc. 4 & 5. M. Collection and preservation of plant diseases.E. S. Agrios.C.S. 10. UNIT-II 5. Mehrotra R. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory.(1980): Plant Pathology 7. 4. REFERENCES BOOKS 1. 6.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook. 5. and P. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. 2 & 3. Padoley. S. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition).Ltd. Part II Syllabus… . D. Kenneth M. Symptomology. 8.N.Practicals (2 Units. R. 3.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology. Gangopadhyay. S. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases.F. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. 9.S.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. R. 2. 6 & 7.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. R.(1963): Plant Diseases. Pvt. 8.K.F. 11.B.T. G.

9. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). Human genome project. herbicide resistance. 7. organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. resistance against plant viral diseases. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. Sc. Study of DNA markers using RAPD M. Isolation of genomic DNA. Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. Protoplast fusion and culture. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. b) Genomics. Gene cloning using PCR 8. Practical (2Units. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). structures of host gene. Somatic embryogenesis 10. cloned gene expression (6). Any 8) 1. constructing chimeric DNA (7). Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. 12. Shuttle vectors. hairy root culture (5). 3. Part II Syllabus… . b) Transgenics. production of secondary metabolites. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. Cloning vectors. 5. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5).43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. operation. 2. somatic embryogenesis. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. maintenance and management (5). cell line isolation. Drosophila. b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement.an overview: Mapping. Cell line culture 4. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). Bacterial. Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. cellular hybridization. Yeast. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). c) Isolation of the desired gene. Hairy root culture 6. transformation.plasmid. selection of the transformed host cells. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. Ti.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. expression vectors. Bacteriophages. insertion of gene in vector. Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast.

1999. Winkler. 12. Trigiano R. J. N. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. 10. Gupta P. 8. CRC Press. 1994 Plants. U. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. Ltd. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. Kumar U. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. Chrispeels M. R. 9. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. Elsevier Science. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. Vidhyashekaran P. Pvt. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. K. Gustafson J. E. 2000 Plant cell. Ltd. K. Pvt. and Sadava D. W. A. 4. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 19. J. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. Part II Syllabus… . Ltd. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. Springer –Verlag. Chawala H. Manibhushanrao K. 2. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. 3. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. Thimmaiah S. 7. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. P. Razdan M. C. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management.IV 1. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. CRS press LLC. P. 1979. and Cocking E. and Wackernagel W. 17. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. 13. 1993. S. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. Reinert J. Gustafson J. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. and Bhojwani S. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. P. 2000 Genomes. Narosa Publication New Delhi. USA.Special Paper. 21. Singh B. Mitra Sandhya 1996. 20. Ltd. Razdan M. Pvt. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. K. Sc. Ruger W. 5. and Primrose S. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK. Tissue and Organ culture. Lal R. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. and Bajaj Y. 1999 Genomes. Plenum Press London. and Mahadevan A. 18. K. D. 1996. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. M. 14. S. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. Old R. Brown T. B. 11. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. and Lal S. S. 15. 6. Genes and Agriculture. and Gray D. Singapore. 16. Razdan M.

25. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 23. Graeme M. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. Part II Syllabus… . International Journal of Food Science and Technology. W. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Sc. Anders Krogh.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Jagota A. Journal of Plant Biotechnology 8. F. Mount D. Wennacker Ernst L. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) 6. M. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 1. Cambridge University Press. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 5. 1987 From Genes to Clones. Francis Ouellette and B. B. Sean R. Journal of Experimental Botany 4. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3. Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology 7.. 26. Durbin R. Andreas Bazevanis. Eddy. 24.22. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 2. F.

Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) M. (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. Self purification of natural streams. Recycling of resources.Conservation and management.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. In India.SEMESTER IVENERGY. Pathogens. Air pollution monitoring devices.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. (6) B) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account.44 PAPER. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. Vehicular and Industrial gases. Oxygen sag analysis.Role of plants and microbes. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals : 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: A) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. heat. Methodology. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. Sc. Vermitechnology. Air quality loss. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . Mining. pesticides. Part II Syllabus… . Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Waste management. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Nutrients. Carbon and world climates. salts. heavy metals. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. causes and consequences. Nuclear winter. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone.

Measurement of dust fall. EIA study-II. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. E. R. 10. M. Study of garbage. EIA study-I. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. W. (1994): Environmental Chemistry. (1989): Acidic precipitation. Misra K. Study of wetland macrophytes.M. 8. Dash. (1989) : Manual of plant ecology. Sc.. M. Gregory S. Lal. et al (1978): Fresh water wetlands. Good. S. M. M. J. De. (1990): Waterfall Ecology. (1994): Tropical Ecosystems. Borgstrom. 5. A. vol. (1993): Fundamentals of Ecology. and Bie. UNIT 6: 6. (1988): Recent climatic changes: A regional approach. Part II Syllabus… . and Black. II Balkrishnan. 4. 3. Oowen. B. 7. A. D. and Johnson. 2. Study of Biological Indicators. C. H. Study of IUCN Red list categories. 9. Suggested readings:• • • • • • • • • Adriano. C. (1987): Environmental Conservation. UNIT 5: 1. C. K. Measurement of vehicular pollution. R. J.Practicals.

types and areas of natural distribution. theories of differentiation and natural selection. Sc. biodiversity of India.Semester IV ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity. Enigmocarpon. Palmocarpon. caytonian theory. Indocarpa. Malvaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Sahniocarpon. categories. Cradle of angiosperms. monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms. Sonnertioxylon.45 BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS Unit-I 1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil 9 angiosperms. Gramineae: Graminocarpon.IV) B O-4. Sonnertiorhizos. megacentres of endemism in India. anthostrobilus theory. phytogeographic regions of the world. Unit-II 2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of India. Land Bridges. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale. Harissocarpon. Keystone and flagship species. gnetales-angiosperm theory. shifting of poles. loss and conservation. Daberocarpon. Part II Syllabus… . 5 6 Continental Drift. pteridosperm theory. probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory. means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism. 5 5 M. geographical history. World organisation for conservation of biodiversity. centre of origin. Musaceae: Musa cardiospermum. theory of tolerance.Palmae: Palmoxylon. Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron. Sahnianthus. coniferales-amentiferae theory. Chitaleypushpam. pentoxylales theory and durian theory. Pandanaceae: Viracarpon. ethical principles of conservation biology. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Guttiferae: Myrtaceae: Sahnipushpam. Rhizopalmoxylon. Red List categories of IUCN. Time of origin of angiosperms. Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. stachyospory-phyllospermae theory. Tricoccites. sacred grooves and their importance. its importance. endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra. assessment.

Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). Sketching. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Xyridaceae. carpenter bee. tour report. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. entemophily-bee. butterfly and wasps flowers. Santalaceae. ornithophily. Typhaceae. Typhaceae. Eriocaulaceae.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. ) M. Rhizophoraceae. hydrophily. butterfly and wasps flowers. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. Hydatellaceae. Loranthaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. Apiaceae. Sapindaceae. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. insects and fungi. Polygalaceae. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Santalaceae. 15 Unit-II • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. cheiropterophily. Apiaceae. androecium. anemophily. Part II Syllabus… . corolla. Eriocaulaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. Sc. moth. Viscaceae. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. Rhizophoraceae. Sapindaceae. Carpenter bee. sex distribution in plants. Co-evolution of angiosperms. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. pollination mechanism. Viscaceae. biology of floral parts-calyx. pollen. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Xyridaceae. fly. (In second term of IV Semester. Polygalaceae. Hydatellaceae. types of 15 pollination. moth. fly. style and stigma. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Loranthaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Study of characters of anemophilous flowers.

Ltd. Dehra-Dun. V. Flowering Plants: Origin. S. and M. J. Plant Systematics. • Judd Walter S. New Delhi. M. N. Hugh (ed. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute.] 1998. Nayar. 1984. Ltd.) Chapman and Hall. Evolution and Phylogeny. H. • Davis. J. Botanical Survey of India. K. New Delhi. Blakie Academic & Professional. 1987. and M. A. • Cronquist. and M. John Wiley & Sons. New Delhi. V. Columbia University Press.) Allen Press. USA. P. Cmpbell C. Palode. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training.) 1980.A. A.S. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. A. • Shivanna. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). M.. Stevens P. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Plant Breeding Systems. Donoghue 2008. R. H. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Johri 1985. Sinauer Associates. S. Heywood 1991. • Lawrence George H. E.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. Sc. • Quicke. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. 1993. Oxford and IBH Publ. J.. INC. P. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. M. The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. M. L. M. • Taylor. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. D. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. (2ed. R. 1951. U.F. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India.Sunderland.. Co. and V. P. • Rao. and B. New York. Cambridge. • Endress Peter. A. New Delhi. Muktesh Kumar [ed. and L. 1997. New Delhi . The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. New Delhi. • Synge. 1996. 1988. London. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. S. R. Wiley Eastern limited. Donald. J. CBS Publishers & Distributers.Publishers. Hickey 1997. Part II Syllabus… . Massachusetts. • Naik. • Manilal. • • Richard. Kerala • Ahmedullah. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. 1981. Nayar. DST. 1994. Pvt. K. Nepal and Bhutan. Today and Tommorow Publications. k. 1994. Kollogg.

apiculture. oil crops. live stock. Part II Syllabus… .Standing crop. difficulties in getting axenic culture. modelling technique).crops.Gracilaria etc. 7 8 M. Use of GPS. . application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. aquaculture. potential genetic resources. 5 8 2 5 7 8 UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods. fodder. Mariculture of Porphyra . Wild bioresources .M. Chemical preservation. horticultural crops. Species diversity index. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. Undaria . Storage of specimen.food . Sc. PART II (SEMESTER IV) MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY BO-4. cereals. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media.Laminaria. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder.46 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI ( SPECIAL PAPER IV ) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. timber. gas exchange. Domestic bioresources . fire wood. ornamentals. Medicinal uses. Herbarium technique. DIATOMS: Application and uses. feed. litter fall. medicinal products. pulses. Source of iodine. UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. Industrial applications of seaweeds. Similarity index etc. Sc.

Part II Syllabus… .. Biotechnology of Microalgae. • • Stein. Madras.N.D.G. d) Determination of S. Ramnathan. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem. • Krishnamurthy. & Smol .I. R. Coral Reefs of India. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique.(2005).G. and similarity index of mangroves. Algae and Man. F. Editor). SUGGESTED READINGS:• • • • • Beck. R. State of Art Report. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). Introductory Phycology. The Diatoms. (1976). National Bioresource Development Board (Department of Biotechnology) Govt.Daya Publication Home. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC.F. e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. Jackson.Kolhapur. Marine Plants. Phytoplankton of Indian Seas. (1998). Cambridge University Press.V. Asso. of India.J.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. Applications for Environment and Earth Sciences • Swaminathan M. Chapman. & Aspects of Marine Botany. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning.. • Santhanam. (1987) . ENVIS Publication Series 2/98. UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. Costal Vegetation. J. Plenum Press.J. Sc. Kannupandi. Bhosale. Venkataramanjan K. Bioresources Status in Selected Costal Location. M. J. Delhi. V.D. (Field Guide). Mangroves of Maharashtra. P. • Trainor. S. Stoermer. R. II nd edition Pergamon Press.L. Research foundation (2003). Shivaji University. New York. (1985). & Jegathanam. Untawale. T. Seaweed Research and Utilization Association. (1972).F. (1973) Handbook of Phycological Methods. E. ( A.

Nod genes. b) Global biotech scenario. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Part II Syllabus… . IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. b) Patent systems in India. Sources of patent information. 4&5. microbes in leaching of metals (10). M. Study of GMOs.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Sc. Visit to Biotech firms. Agro biotech fields. 8. Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. wastewater treatment. Hup genes (5). Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5). c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). Food. Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). cooperative programmes (5).47: APPLICATION. Symbiotic N2 fixation. food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Any 8) 1&2. 11. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. public verses private enterprises. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). 6&7. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. Practical (2 Units. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. a case study (5). 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Formulation of patent proposal. 9&10. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. Nif genes. Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. 3. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Collection. Intellectual Property protection.IV) B O 4. c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology.

Genetic Engineering. A. 9. Gupta.Suggested readings: Special Paper. Sc.Agrobios. New York. Elements of Biotechnology. Technology information. 2002. Gupta. and Pasternak. Technology Bhavan.and Venkataraman. Meerut. General microbiology.J. Meerut. Agricultural Biotechnology. S. Agricultural Biotechnology. Glick. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. Srivastava.Mcmilan. 2. Altman. Cambridge University Press. 3. 4. Altman.1994. India ltd.Biotechnology. 5. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Marcel Dekker. Elements of Biotechnology.R.2001. Glick. 6. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.K. Washington. 5.IV 1. New Delhi.Molecular Biotechnology. Reddy. B. and Reddy.R. New York.J. New Delhi. 1996. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Ravishankar.principles and practice. Chavala. 8. M. J. B. Lecture notes on patents. New Delhi.G. B. Washington. India. New Delhi. H. P. India. Mitra. Trehan. Special Paper.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. K. 2.R.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. 1998. Technology information. 7.1997. P.P. I.III 1.Molecular Biotechnology. 2000. Part II Syllabus… .M. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co.Wiley Eastern Ltd. India.1997. Pvt. J.K. 1998.1994. ASM Press.. 1998.. India.and Ahuja. A. 4. Purohit. International Book Distributing Co. Kakralya.1995. 2000. Jodhpur. H.A. Schlegel.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. H.. G. and Pasternak. Biotechnology in crop improvement. S.Ltd. Rastogi Publisher.S. D.K. Scientific Publishers.V. Rastogi Publisher. L. 6. ASM Press. Marcel Dekker. 3.1994. S.l.Microbial biotechnology.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture.

M. Part II Syllabus… . Sc.

Part II Syllabus… . Sc.M.

Part II Syllabus… .M. Sc.

Part II Syllabus… . Sc.M.

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phenol metabolism and plant growth regulators. Piricularin. Victorin. antigen and antibody reaction. Principles of Plant Pathology: History. Extraction and detection of aflatoxins from fungi. Photosynthesis. Cellulolytic. aflatoxins. Cell wall degrading enzymes . application of immunological techniques. 4. M. 8 & 9. UNIT-IV 5. biodeterioration and mycotoxins. physiological specializations. Genetics of host pathogen interaction. gene for gene hypothesis.2 & 3. Bacteria and Viruses. Study of symptomology and histo-pathology of diseases mentioned in the theory. Immunological techniques-purification and fragmentation of immunoglobulins. Toxins lycomarsmine. Part II Syllabus… . Nucleic acids.Study of external and internal seed mycoflora.Production of Pectolytic. alternic Acid. Proteolytic and Lipolytic. 5. Seed Pathology : Methods of detection of internal and external seed borne Fungi. Amylolytic enzymes. protein for protein hypothesis. Immunoglobulines. Bacterial. Fusaric acids. Estimations of nucleic acids from healthy and infected plants. Use of Biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Classification of crop diseases: Viral. Role of enzymes and toxins in disease development. Fungal and Nematode. Sc. 10. Proteins. UNIT. UNIT-III 4. 15 15 15 10 05 Practicals (2 Units. Respiration.II 7. Cellulolytic .42 Integrated Disease Management (Special paper II) (Concepts and Application I) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 1. Deficiency of micronutrients.Semester III MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 3. Any 8) UNIT-I 1. UNIT-II 3. Physiology and Biochemistry of host pathogen interaction. 11 & 12. 2. Estimation of protein from healthy and infected plants. 6. Pectolytic.

Plant Pathology and Tissue Cooke. (1969): The Biology of parasitic flowering plants. R.A. Aneja K. Uni. and A. Ny vall.U. Rangaswamy G. R. Fiber and Oilplants.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. and P. (1994): Clinical Plant Pathology. Part II Syllabus… .(2006):Plant Pathology (5th Edition). S.S.Van der (1963): Plant Diseases.A. S.B.(1981):Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Field. J. Sridhar (1982): Methods in Physiological Plant Mehrotra. Plank J.London and New York. A. Sc.(1998):Pathological problems of Economic Crop Plants and their Management. Paul Khurana.K.Van der (1968): Disease Resistance in Plants.K.R.E. Singh. and R. Gangulee. Plank.REFERENCE BOOKS: Agrios.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.A.P. Gangopadhyay S. G.N.S. S. (1975): Diseases of crop plants in India. H. A.Kar (1992):College Botany Vol. Mahadevan.F.Mistry: A manual of Plant Pathology.M. Of California Press.S. II. Padoley. Epidemics and Control. Kuijit. R.J.E.(1963): Plant Diseases. M.(1980) : Plant Pathology.

19. Unit 3: a) Aids to Selection: Correlation coefficient analysis. and Acclimatization of plants (2). Assessment of variability. Quarantine. conservation and utilization (2). Genetic diversity (7). Screening of germplasm for biotic and abiotic stresses (03) (02). seedling growth and on mitosis 12. b) Domestication. Selection under domestication. b) Choice of parents and breeding procedures: Diallele. b) Biometrical techniques in plant breeding: Introduction. 16. Practical (2 Units. Generation mean analysis. Introduction. Drought. partial diallele. Germplasm collection. Designing field experiments 18. (2). Line tester. To study crossability between cultivars and their wild relatives 13. data storage and retrieval 14.SEMESTER III CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – II) B O 3. Path analysis and Discriminant functions (5). 20. Study of Cytoplasmic male sterility. Sc. (02) (02). Unit 4: a) Breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses: Disease and Insect resistance.43: PLANT BREEDING Theory (4 Units. Part II Syllabus… . Exploration and collection of germplasm. d) Mechanism of pollination control: self-incompatibility and male sterility (10). Any 8) 11. Estimation of heritability 17. Unit 2: a) Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative characters (8). c) Germplasm: Gene pool concept. Metroglif analysis. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Objectives of Plant Breeding (1). To study the effect of mutagens on germination. Components of variance. (02). Biparental cross analysis with various designs and Varietal adaptation (10). b) Mutation breeding (5). D2 analysis. Heat and cold resistance (10). Salinity. cataloging. Study of pollen germination and demonstration of incompatibility. 15. M. Genetic erosion. Triallele.

Swanson C. Prentice Hill of India Private Ltd. Jones and Barew Publishers Massachusetts USA. Plant Breeding and Evolution.II 19.C. Siddiqui B. 1973 Cytogenetics of aneuploides. Kalyani Publishers.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 1962 Discussions in Cytogenetics. Principles and practice of plant breeding. S. K. K. Ludhiana. 20. Proc FAO/IAEA Symposium Vienna 23. Khush G. Immer F. 1998 Cytogenetics. and Khna S. 18.. FAO/IAEA Symposium 1&2)Vienna 24. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi 22. 1999 Cytogenetics. B. Special Paper. L.Principles and methods. Tata McGrow Hill Publ. and Jones E. and Sinha S.. J. 1960 Principles of Plant Breeding John Wiley and Sons New York. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc New York. D. Harti D. . New Delhi. IAEA 1995 Induced mutations and Molecular techniques for crop improvement. 21. Plant breeding. R. IAEA 1991 Plant Mutation Breeding crop improvement Proc. Co. Gupta P. Burnham C. Swaminathan M. 25. 1974 Cytogenetics of Crop Plants MacMillan India Ltd. Allard R. 14. New Delhi. Gupta P. 1996 Plant chromosomes. New Delhi. R. 1999 Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and Experiments. 26. Burgess Publishing Co. 13. A. Prasad G. K. Karp G. (Vol M. and Sinha U. Minnesota. Laboratory Methods CRC Press Boca Ration Florida. and Smith D. S. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis 4th Edition. Gamma Field Symposia No. John Wiley and Sons Inc USA. 1999 Breeding in crop plants.R. 17. Hays H. Sc. W. 1973 Cytogenetics. W. Vikas Publishing house Pvt. Mutation and In vitro mutation breeding . New Delhi 19. 1991 Induced Mutation for crop improvement. Ltd. Part II Syllabus… .30 Institute of Radiation Breeding Pullman USA. Singh. Micke A. Kalyani Publishers. 16. 2000. New Delhi.I 11. and Nakayama S. Merz T. Sinha U.. 1955 Methods of Plant Breeding. Academic Press New York USA. 20. Rastogi Publication Meerut. Fikui K. P. 1998 Introduction to Cytogenetics. 15. 12. Ltd. and Young J. Sharma.

10. and Singh B. Kalyani Publishers. Levitt J. Narosa Publishers New Delhi.M. Caryologia 14. 31. 34. Academic Press. Cytologia 13. 1998 Statistical and Biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding New Age International Publishers New Delhi. 30. Bulm A. New Delhi. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 15. 35. Vijendra Das L. Poehlman J. Mutation Breeding Newsletter 16. 1981 Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non. Chopra V. Rosielle A. A. 1989 Plant Breeding . 1988 Plant Breeding for stress Environments. 33. New Delhi. Sharma J. Pvt. Journal of Genetics 11. and Hamblin J. D.oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Journals: 9. New York. K. Salt and Other stresses. Roy Darbeshwar 2000.stress environments Crop Sci. Plant breeding analysis and exploitation of variance. Sc. 2000 Problems Facing Plant Breding CBS Publishers New Delhi 32. R. R. 21: 932-946.27. L. 1987 Principles of Cultivar Development (2 Volumes) MacMillan Publishing Co. Fehr W. 29. 1997 Biometrical Methods in Quantitative genetic Analysis. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 28. 1986 Breeding Field Crops AVI Publishing Company Connecticut. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 12. 36. D. Part II Syllabus… . CRC Press Florida. 1980 Response of Plants to Environmental Stress: Water. Ltd. Singh R. New York. International Journal of Plant Breeding M.

TDS and TS). composition.Classification of climate climographs. 16. 22. Analysis of water samples from polluted and non-polluted lakes for DO. Practicals: (2 Units any 8) UNIT 5: 12. Determination of BOD at R. UNIT 4: 11. EC. tides. Marine Environment.T. Law of limiting factors. 13. UNIT 6: 17. Environment in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Atmosphere Climate. UNIT 3: 10. Fresh water Environment – Wind. Determination of organic matter from soil. Determination of quality of water by physical parameters (colour. Soils: formation. 20.SEMESTER III Special Paper . TSS. Study of MPN as hydrobiological character. Part II Syllabus… .I ENERGY. winds. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO 3. 15. Study of wilting coefficient.XI: ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ASPECTS Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 7.34 PAPER. 8.light. planning and management. UNIT 2: 9. Some ecological instruments used in air and water pollution studies. 19. Water: Resources and Management. Study of effect of effluents on plant growth. waves. Study of soil profile. 12. 21. pH. 14. ii. Field visits to Industrial area. Environment in Aquatic Ecosystem: i. Study of EC and pH of the soil. SEMESTER III (7) (8) (15) (9) (6) (5) (5) (5) M. Land use classification.currents. currents. Abiotic Environment: Leibigs Law of minimum. 18. soil profile. soil types of India. Sc.

(6) D) Community Stability: Maturation of Communities.Global and Indian. Indian Biodiversity (15) (6) (3) (4) (11) (15) B) Community nature: Individualistic and organismic nature of communities. UNIT 3: C) Functional Aspects of community: Community Metabolism. Threats to Biodiversity.(SPECIAL PAPER II ) – ENERGY. etc. Biodiversity in India. Community Periodism. Global biodiversity. Hot spots. Regulation of communities. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT BO-3. Conservation of Biodiversity.44 POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 UNIT 1: 1) Population Ecology: Population Regulation. Ecotypes.Ecotone and Edge effect. community Practicals: ( 2 Units Amy 8 ) M. UNIT 4: F) Biodiversity: Levels. UNIT 2: 2) Community Ecology: A) Community as a unit: Clementsian unit of vegetation. Part II Syllabus… . Density dependant and Independent Regulation. Sc. E) Community as Indicator. Genecology-Ecads. stratification. community stability.Role of Different factors. Human Population Dynamics and predication.

18. 19. M. Study of Vegetation by transect method. 13. 15. Determination of association index. Study of stratification and physiognomy. Study of the Litter production.Community function – Biomass production measurement. Study of community bisects. 14. Estimation of phytoplankton biomass in terms of chlorophyll.UNIT 5: 11. Study of population dynamics. 12. Biomass profile for the community. Visit to local protected or conserved area. 20. Determination of similarity index. UNIT 6: 16. Part II Syllabus… . 17. Determination of IVI. Sc.

Gunderson. hierarchical classification. xylem and phloem.SEMESTER III B O-3. minor categories: genus. Authur Cronquist. Bessey. seedlings and fruits. Lyman Benson. 5 7 TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY: Ranks of Taxa. androecium. John Ray. 7 Unit-II 4 A BRIEF HISTORY OF POST DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: The 10 evolutionary theory by Darwin and Wallace. 3 M. Andrea Cesalpino. Bentham and Hooker. ii)The sexual system: Carolus Linnaeus and his students. B. gynoecium.35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY (Special Paper-I) Unit-I 1 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN PLANT TAXONOMY: Definitions and concepts. importance of taxonomy and need for classification. Part II Syllabus… . nodal anatomy. 4 2 THE NEW GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVES: Systematic agenda2000. T. Jean B. the missions of systematic agenda-2000. De Jussieu. i) Systems based on phylogeny:The Englarian School of thoughts: August Wilhelm Eichler. Takhtajan. M. Thorne. Alpha and Omega taxonomy. placentation. Joseph Pitton de Turnfort. the Ranalian School of thoughts: Richard von Wettstein. order. A. Hans Hallier. Forms of scientific names. de Lamarck.Charles E. Jerome Bock. seeds. Jean Bauhin. 5 Unit-III 6 GENERAL EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN FLOWERING PLANTS: With reference to habit and habitat. Oswald Tippo. R. Taxonomy and conservation of biodiversity. Karl Christian MezAugust A. Albert Magnus. John Hutchinson. leaf structure. family. Systems based on form-relationships: Michel Adanson. ovules. Sc. 4 3 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-DARWINIAN CLASSIFICATIONS: i) Systems based on habit: Theophastus. Carl Skottberg. 5 RECENT SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATIONS: By Armen L. species and infraspecific categories. general and special purpose classifications. pollen grains. inflorescence. Otto Brunfels. Karl Mez. major categories: division. De Candolle. Pulle. Adoph Engler. Hayata. class. P. G. Alfred Rndle. M. systematic knowledge and value of biodiversity. taxonomy as synthetic discipline. Dahlgren and Robert F. flower.

Urticaeae. deposition of type. stamens and carpels of primitive families viz. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added M. Najadaceae. neotype. Magnoliaceae. Homonym. lectotype. Piperaceae. Papaveraceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • Exercises on nomenclature problems: Author citation. Nymphaeaceae. 15 Aponogetonaceae. Lauraceae. syntype. Alismataceae. Scientific names-Correct name. Autonym. Ranunculaceae. Tautonym. Part II Syllabus… . Urticaeae. Casuarinaceae. Lauraceae. effective and valid publication etc • Describing new taxon. illegitimate. Effective and Valid publication. alternative. Casuarinaceae. Nymphaeaceae. Nomenclatural 7 terminology-Type method (typification)-holotype. Alismataceae. Aponogetonaceae. principle of priority. Najadaceae. Moraceae. rejected and superfluous names. ambiguous. classification and identification of families: Magnoliaceae. Hydrocharitaceae. isotype. Lauraceae. Divisions. Aristolochiaceae. placentations and evolutionary 15 trends therein. naked. Priority. Latin diagnosis and abbreviations used in citations. PHYLOGENY IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Magnoliaceae.8 NOMENCLATURE: A brief history of International Code of Botanical Nomenclature [ICBN]. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Nelumbonaceae. Synonym. Principles. Basionym. 15 ECONOMIC INTERELATIONSHIPS. Aristolochiaceae. Moraceae. • Descriptions. transfer of taxa. paratype. Sketching. Piperaceae. Sc. Dilleniaceae. Hydrocharitaceae. Hydatellaceae Unit-II • Study of different types of ovules. SYSTEMATIC AND POSITION. Aponogetonaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plant species using regional and national floras. Alismataceae. • Phytography: preparation of scientific botanical description of a plant specimen • Study of morphology and general evolutionary trends in flowers. Nymphaeaceae.

Flowering plants. 1962. Families of Flowering plants. J. M.F. Kollogg. Sunderland. Pvt. • • • Takhtajan. U.whenever necessary. Donald.A. 1993. Publishers. 1959. • Cronquist. A. and M. CBS Publishers & Distributers. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training.S. Hutchinson. J. • Lawrence George H. A. J. Blakie Academic & Professional. Massachusetts. N. 1984. USA. and V. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy.. 1951. • Manilal. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy.) Allen Press. Today and Tommorow Publications. J. S. and L. Muktesh Kumar [ed. Cmpbell C. • Taylor. V. Ltd. INC. Sc. New Delhi . H. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin. V. Sinauer Associates. New Delhi. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. P. M.] 1998. • Davis. New Delhi. D. S. • Naik. • Quicke. E. New Delhi. 1981. Oxford and IBH Publ. H. Co. Donoghue 2008. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.. and M. DST. Evolution and Phylogeny. Ltd. 1988. London. Stevens P. K. A. New Delhi. New York. Judd Walter S. Plant Systematics. S. L. Heywood 1991. Reference books and Journals: • Cronquist. Part II Syllabus… . A.Origin and Dispersal..

character coding. chemical protein analysis procedures. genetic variations and plant systematics. 3 PALYNOTAXONOMY: Pollen morphology-Polarity. antisera antibody. 6 CYTOTAXONOMY: Chromosome number. chromosome morphology. 7 M. measurement of resemblances. Cladastics and classification. aneuploidy. Sc. use of anatomical data in understanding interrelationship and evolution of angiosperms and solving taxonomic problems. phenons and ranks. Part II Syllabus… . GENETICS AND TAXONOMY: 3 5 Phytogeography and speciation. antigen. L/O pattern. classes of compounds and their biological significance. cluster analysis. NPC of pollen. precipitation reaction. anatomical characters of taxonomic importance. nomenclature and numerical taxonomy. techniques. karyotype. excrescences. adaptations. parsimony analysis.Semester III ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY( Special Paper-II) B O-3. ecological variations. techniques. serology and taxonomy: history. 5 NUMERICAL TAXONOMY: Phenetic methods in taxonomy [Taxometrics]: principles. utilisation of embryological data in solving taxonomic problems at different levels. OUTs. merits and demerits. ECOLOGY. scope and limitations. 2 ANATOMY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY:Vegetative. Stages in chemotaxonomic investigations. Unit-III 7 CHEMOTAXONOMY: Origin of chemotaxonomy. Proteins and taxonomy: seed proteins. meiotic analysis and plant systematics. exine stratification. cladastics and 5 polyploidy. Unit-II 4 PHYTOGEOGRAPHY. techniques of protein electrophoresis. construction of taxonomic groups. chromosome banding. palynogram. application of serological data in systematics. 7 cladogram. discrimination. analysis of aminoacid sequence and its significance in systematics.45 MODERN TRENDS IN ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY Unit-I 1 EMBRYOLOGY IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY: Embryological characters of taxonomic importance. pollen characters of taxonomic importance.Use of chemical criteria in plant taxonomy. symmetry. Basic chromosome number. unit characters. applications. wood and floral 5 5 anatomy.

Gentianaceae. Boraginaceae. Plantaginaceae. Lobeliaceae. applications of data in the classification of higher taxa. Burmanniaceae. Asteraceae. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Plantaginaceae. TEM and dilated cisterneae of endoplasmic reticulum and sieve element plastids. Asteraceae. Pontederiaceae. Sketching. VARIATIONS. Lentibulariaceae. M. storied and nonstoried wood Semipermanent pollen preparations by acetolysis method and study of different pollen morphotypes. Lentibulariaceae. Costaceae. 9 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS: Molecular diagnostic tools. INTERELATIONSHIPS. Pontederiaceae. chromosome banding and Karyotype analysis Interpretation of flavonoid data for taxonomy using PC/TLC / protein profile analysis • • Practical based on numerical taxonomy Study of plant surface attributes with the help of SEM photographs and sieve tube plastid and dilated cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum with the help of TEM photographs • Descriptions.. SEM and plant surface stucture. Dioscoriaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • Microtome technique for study of embryological characters Study of wood character. vessels. Dioscoriaceae. Orchidaceae.8 ULTRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMATICS: SEM and TEM studies and plant systematics. Orchidaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Polymerage chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Boraginaceae. Unit-IV 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL. Part II Syllabus… . specific applications of RAPD in molecular systematics. restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's). Sc. Burmanniaceae. Molecular data and systematic position of Hydatellaceae. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. • • Unit-II Study of chomosomes. Lobeliaceae. Cuscutaceae. classification and identification of families: 3 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 Cuscutaceae. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Gentianaceae. Costaceae.

Co. ecology and flowering of the region in first term. N.A. • • Fahn. Donald. • Johri. P. U. New Delhi. 1984. G. Vikas Publ. Blakie Academic & Professional. M.] 1998. A. M. Ind. and M. Sc. S. P. Ltd. New Delhi. New Delhi. J. Nat. • Taylor. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. New Delhi. Comparative embryology of Angiosperms. • Naik. London. M. • Manilal. S. Plant Anatomy. Co. Oxford and IBH Publ. Evolution and Phylogeny. Part II Syllabus… . New York. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. P. H. Student is supposed to submit herbarium specimens (50) and plant materials in the form of slides (5) and preserved specimens. V. 1952. L. 1993. Ltd. • Quicke. K. New York. Flowering Plants: Origin. K. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training.S. New Delhi. Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. • Erdtman. Erdtman. Sc. B. H. D.) Allen Press. and L. J. 1951. • Nair. Pollen morphology of Angiosperms. S. and V. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. 1966. Hickey 1997. New Delhi. Hafner Publ. 1979. 1985. 1984. • Davis. K. New Dehli. New Delhi . V.(Atleast two local tours should be arranged to study vegetation. and Bhatnagar. S. Tata McGraw Hill. Today and Tommorow Publications. Almquist and Wiksell. 1952. P. Pvt. DST. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. • Cronquist. G. Muktesh Kumar [ed. New Delhi. Columbia University Press. 1981. 1988. 1984. Stockholm. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com.) Selected readings: • Bhojwani. An Introduction to Embryology of Angiosperms. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Angiosperms. Heywood 1991. Acad. • Maheshwari. A. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. • Cronquist. Angiosperms. House. Periodical Expert Book Agency. • Lawrence George H. Embryology of Angiosperms. S.

K. USA.) Butterworths. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. Sc. J. M. V. Massachusetts. London.Sunderland. and M. Stevens P. Springer-Verlag. Sinauer Associates. Part II Syllabus… . E. 1980.• Paech. Pollen Biology. 1956. R. Rangaswamy.A Laboratory Manual. Plant Systematics. Springer-Verla • Sharma Arunkumar and Archana Sharm. Kollogg. S. INC. K. Donoghue 2008.. and M. 1992.F. Tracey. • Judd Walter S. • Shivanna. S. A.Publishers.. Cmpbell C. Vol-I & II.. Chromosome Technique: Theory and Practices (3rd ed. and N.

coccoliths. 6 5 4 UNIT 2: MICRO AND MACROALGAE: Taxonomy. ultraplankton. anatomical features. Acanthaceae etc. Dune vegetation. Morphological and anatomical adaptations. SEA GRASSES: Taxonomy. salient features of Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae). FOSSIL MANGROVES: Brief introduction. MARINE FUNGI. Distribution –biogeography of Indian mangroves. Mangrove shores and forests. Part II Syllabus… . distribution.M. Brief idea of Plankton. Estuary. ACTINOMYCETES. Sonneratiaceae Avicenniaceae.36 GENERAL MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE PLANT GROUPS AND ORGANISMS: Introduction and classification. Benthos. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY (SPECIAL PAPER I) BO – 3. ultrastructure. Definition of the term ‘mangrove’. adaptations. 5 5 5 M. cytology. Sc. Distribution. Nekton. morphology. Myrsinaceae. Restoration and protection of dune ecosystem. AND BACTERIA: Brief idea. Sc. UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY OF MANGROVES: Brief idea of Creek. Chlorophyceae. nanoplankton. Bacillariophyceae.dinoflagellates. Life histories of a few important species . SAND DUNE VEGETATION: Formation of coastal sand dunes. 15 15 UNIT 4: SALT MARSHES: Taxonomy. East and West coast mangroves. CORALS. Lagoon and Delta. Salient features of important mangrove families such as Rhizophoraceae . LICHENS. Marine phytoplankton. Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae.

Ulva . c) Type study of mangroves from Avicenniaceae and Sonneratiaceae. Padina. Sargassum etc. e) Study of sand dune plants ( Spinifex.Chaetomorpha. Enteromorpha. Sc.Caulerpa. Bryopsis etc. Gelidium . Dictyota. c) Study of characteristic features of Rhodophyceae Ex. d) Sampling and identification of phytoplankton.).Ipomoea etc. d) Type study of mangroves from Myrsinaceae and Acanthaceae. Gracilaria.Halophila etc. UNIT 6: a) Study of mangrove associates and /or halophytes(Aeluropus. b) Study of characteristic features of Phaeophyceae Ex.) b) Type study of mangroves from Rhizophoraceae. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ M. Hypnea etc. Part II Syllabus… .PRACTICAL COURSE I UNIT 5: a) Study of characteristic features of Chlorophyceae Ex. e) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique.

46 BO-3. properties and extraction of Agar. Uptake. selective ion absorption. Membrane transport under salinity. Induction of CAM. PRACTICAL COURSE II 5 5 5 5 UNIT 4: REGENERATION IN MANGROVES: Methods of natural and artificial regeneration 5 5 7 5 3 BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN MANGROVES: A brief idea of occurrence and importance 8 STORAGE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN ALGAE: Seaweed polysaccharides- M. Carbon fixation Initial products of photosynthesis. Availability in sea water. Photosynthesis in marine macroalgae. Photosynthetic pigments in different algal groups. Role of aspartate. Ultrastructure of salt glands.M. Salt glands in mangroves. effect of low light condition. SALT REGULATION IN HALOPHYTES: Salt glands and salt secretion.Essential elements. photosynthetic rate. 7 UNIT 2: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MANGROVES: Stomatal behaviour. Metabolic role of essential nutrients. Photosynthetic enzymes. Accumulation of free amino acids. Factors affecting.46 PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MARINE PLANTS Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN MARINE ALGAE: Fine structure and properties of Algal plastids. Effect of salinity on growth and phytohormones. Significance of vivipary. MANGROVE RESEARCH IN INDIA: Measure research centers in India and their contribution.C3 versus C4 characteristics in marine algae. Chemical structure. Low molecular weight compounds in algae. Effect of flooding on growth of halophytes. UNIT 3: MINERAL NUTRITION : Nutrient requirement. SALINITY AND METABOLISM: Influence of salinity on photosynthesis of halophytes. of these compounds.light absorption. vitamins for growth of algae. Leaf succulence. in mangroves. PART II (SEMESTER III) MARINE BOTANY PAPER XII (SPECIAL PAPER II) BO-3. Sc. Part II Syllabus… . MARINE ALGAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: Important Research centers in India and their work. Photosynthetic carbon fixation. Sc. Carrageenan and Alginic acid. Photorespiration.

phycobilins etc. f) Isolation of agar agar from algal material.Lumnitzera etc. c) Determination of free amino acid content in saline and nonsaline plants. d) Estimation of proline from saline and nonsaline plants.c.) b) Regeneration study in some mangrove species. carotenoids. h) Estimation of total carbohydrates from marine algae. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Determination of organic matter content from sediment.UNIT 5: a) Estimation of pigments from marine algae. chlorophyll a. Sc. i) UNIT 6: a) Determination of TAN of succulent marine plants (Ex Sesuvium. d. M. g) Extraction and Estimation of alginic acid and carrageenan from marine algae. Part II Syllabus… . b . e) Estimation of tannins from bark/ stems of different mangroves.

Physiological significance of tissue nutrition (7). selection (5). Unit 3: a) Organ culture anther/ovary culture. its importance and future prospects (5). axillary bud culture – protocols and schedules of observation (10). Techniques of hardening Visit to commercial R&D green houses. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Plant tissue culture: Objective and goals of Plant tissue culture. b) Plant tissue Nutrition: Basic principles of in vitro culture. organogenesis. 11. Cell suspension culture 10. c) Cell suspension culture. Callus formation and its culture. equipment and apparatus. factors influencing morphogenesis. Part II Syllabus… . agro based industries M. Callus culture 6&7.SEMESTER III PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. conservation. meristem culture. embryo rescuing. maintenance.I) B 0 3. synseed (4). operation. sterilization technique. laboratory design and development. Organogenesis 8&9. Unit 2: a) Types of Culture: Explant culture. b) Somaclonal variation. procedure of media preparation and stock solution (5).I Theory (4 Units. Callus desiccation. d) Hairy root culture (4). Unit 4: a) Green house technology. b) Cryopreservation.37 : PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Any 8) 1&2. c) Media preparation: Media preparation and handling. Sterilization techniques (2) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) 4&5. b) Hardening of tissue cultured plants (2). Practical (2 Units. cell line isolation (5). Sc. operation and management (3). management (10). Media preparation 3.

molecular probes. application. basic PCR. southern northern and western blotting.electrophoresis DNA estimation Isolation of proteins Isolation of plasmid DNA 2D electrophoresis of protein Bacterial transformation Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer technique. 4. constriction and screening of genomic and cDNA libraries. 2&3. Isolation of protoplast Restriction digestion of DNA (1) (2) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) M. dot and slot blots. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Fundamentals of molecular biotechnology (2). 7&8. Gene amplification. 12. b) Vectors in gene cloning and their selection (6). 5. 9&10 11. Unit 4: a) Genomics. Proteomics and Bioinformatics (10). Isolation of genomic DNA DNA detection and purification by gel. cloning in bacteria and eukaryotes. Practical (2 Units. Any 8) 1. sequencing and synthesis of genes: Isolation of genes.47: MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. Sc. 6. b) Plant genetic engineering: gene transfer techniques. protoplast technology (5).II) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY B O 3. synthesis. chromosome walking and jumping (9). Unit 3: a) Isolation. 13. b) Immunology (5). Unit 2: a) Use of various enzymes in recombinant DNA technology (6). DNA sequencing. DNA polymorphism (7). gene synthesis machines (10). Part II Syllabus… . Techniques of restriction mapping. its modification. Theory (4 Units. b) Recombinant DNA and gene cloning.SEMESTER III (SPECIAL PAPER. construction of chimeric DNA. c) Molecular research procedure.

Washington 10. Biotechnology in crop improvement.Molecular Biotechnology. 1996. Gupta.l.J.Mcmilan.K.S.2001.and Ahuja.principles and practice. Himalaya Publishing House.Agrobotanica. S. M. Genetic Engineering and its applications. Sc. P. I.1997. ASM Press. Jogdand.1994.Gene Biotechnology. India ltd. 12. Joshi.R.N. B. Mumbai.Agrobios. 11. 1998. Kakralya. B. Meerut. International Book Distributing Co. 9. Genetic Engineering. India.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. P. Rastogi Publisher. Part II Syllabus… . Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger.1998. India. and Pasternak. 13. Mitra. H. J. Chavala. Glick. 14. 2000. India. S.Special Paper II: 8. New Delhi. Elements of Biotechnology.

Biosynthesis of starch and sucrose. mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction. Nitrogenase. passive and active solute transport. cytokinin. (09) and modification of CAM. ethylene and ABA.Plant Physiology and Metabolism Total Lectures-60 Unit -I 9. transport. (06) transport and ATP synthesis. carbon assimilation. structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism. phloem loading and unloading. 10. (09) (06) 14. “nif” genes. Part II Syllabus… . gibberellin. nitrogen metabolism in relation to photosynthesis and respiration. synthesis of gluconeogenesis. modern concept of electron lipids. transamination. products of nitrogen fixation and their transport. Unit -III 13. Sc. significance of photorespiration. Anaerobic respiration. Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes: Mechanism of xylem and phloem transport. Photochemistry and Photosynthesis: General concepts and historical background. Sulphate uptake. reduction and assimilation. regulation of nitrogen fixation. Sub classification of C4 plants. Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism: Nitrogen fixation. Respiration and lipid Metabolism: Overview of membrane plant respiration. Root microbe interactions in facilitating nutrient uptake.the Calvin cycle.1. photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes. photooxidation of water. Phytohormones: Biosynthesis and mechanism of action of Phytohormones: auxin. evolution of photosynthetic apparatus. The flowering process: M. membrane transport of proteins. ecological significance (09) Unit -II 11. glyoxylate cycle. Rubisco. Inhibitor of respiration. mechanism of electron and proton transport.Semester –IV PLANT PHYSIOLGY BO 4. 12.

Sc. salinity.genetic and molecular analysis. role of cyclic nucleotides. (06) Practicals :Unit –I 10) Study of enzyme ATPase 11) Sugar and amino acids analysis of phloem sap. metal ion stress. 19) Study of effect of PEG induced water stress on seed germination. floral induction and development. 13) Determination of rate of respiration in germinating seeds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Signal Transduction: -Overviews.Photoperiodism and its significance. oxidative stress and drought resistance mechanism. protein kinases and phosphatases. Calcium-Calmodulin cascade. 18) Study of nitrate reductase in plants. two component sensor – regulator system in bacteria and plants. endogenous clock and its regulation. role of vernalization. with paper chromatography. 16) Estimation of nitrate in different plant parts. Stress Physiology: A brief idea of plant responses to water deficit. freezing and heat stress. Part II Syllabus… . specific signaling mechanisms.proteins. 17) Study of enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase. phospholipids signaling. 12) Determination of Chlorophyll a / b ratio of C3 and C4 plants. Unit –II 15) Effect of red and far red light on seed germination and study of photomorphogenesis. (09) 16. receptors and G. (06) Unit –IV 15. M. e.g. 14) Study of enzyme lipase.

E. W. and Conn. Stump. and Fritz. (1976): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. and Witham (1975): Plant Physiology.A. H. II and III. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. (1992): Physiology of Plant Growth and Development. and Varner. Marschner. F. 9. Devlin. E (1972) : Mineral nutrition of plants : Principals and prespectives. 5. III. J. 6. (1981) : Biochemistry of Plants. G. M.V. 11. II nd Edition. Pessarkli M. Krishnamurthy.M. Salisbury. Miller. Comprehensive M. Taiz L. (1976): Plant Biochemistry.B. 7. H (1976): Nitrogen Metabolism in plants. 14. II. F. 15. (1969. and Ross. P (1973) : Phytochemistry Vol.B.I.N. 17. Levitt. (1971): The biology of Flowering.P.(1990): Plant Physiology. Mukharjee S. 12. Beevers. 8. A Treatise Vol. Epstein. Gregory. (1976): Introductory Plant Physiology.B. 3. 16. Bonner. 13. R.N. G.R. Noggle.E. (2004): Plant Physiology. Wilkins. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. and ghosh A. F. 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. J. and Zeiger F. H. (1996) Plant Physiology. 2. G. J. Part II Syllabus… . P (1976) : Biochemistry of Photosynthesis. IX and XII. 4. 10. E.Reference Books1. IV. Salisburry. Sc.

embryo culture and their significance. Types of apomixis: Dilpospory. experimental induction and partial importance. Eggs. Control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem 6. Chemotropism. DEVELOPMENT & REPRODUCTION Total Lectures 60 Unit -I Embryology : 8. 14. ovary. 10. control and leaf forms : Differentiation of epidermis (with special Suggested readings:. Ultrastructure of female gametophyte: Synergids. (05) 11. Gametophyte in Angiosperms: outline of development of male and female gametophyte. (04) 9. consequences and significances of (04) molecular aspects of SAM. Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther. antipodal. endosperms. Shoots development :(15) Organisation of shoots apical meristem (SAM) cytological and (04) (04) apospory. Pollen wall proteins. (04) M. Post fertilization events. Control of cell division and cell to cell communication. Part II Syllabus… .SEMESTER IV COMMON PAPER IV Elective IV BO 4.to stomata and trichomes ) and mesophylls. (04) (06) Unit –II 12. Sc. central wall. Pollen: Structure of stigma and style. Ultrastructure of gametophyte: Vegetative cell. Causes. apomixis. causes. Stigma surface proteins. pollen wall.2 PAPER XIV: PLANT STRUCTURE. generative cell. nucellus. (03) Unit -III Anatomy: 5. Polyembryony: Classification.Determination. abnormal male gametophyte and their function. Leaf growth and Differentiation :. 13. pollen tube.

to Paleopalynology : Principles. Sc. Culture of any one organ: anther / ovary / endosperm / nucellus / embryo. and L. 9. application in crop productivity. 8. Study of few apomicts with the help of any suitable material. and oil exploration.microbes interaction. Palynology : Palynology :Scope and branches with special Suggested readings:-s to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. to show the origin and arrangement of leaf primordial. root hairs.7. Study of ultrastructure of male gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. Application:Utility in systematics. allergic Melittopalynology: Bee colony. (02) (02) (01) (01) 10 Palynotaxonomy : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with Suggested readings:. pollen calendar and importance. 8. 10.S. Study of ultrastructure of female gametophyte with the help of slides and microphotographs. pollen germination. pollen storage and their significance. Root development:Organisation of root apical meristem(RAM) . Lateral roots . Tabacco. microfossil recovery theory and techniques. 9. root. 10. Vesscular tissue differentiation . Examine of shoot apices in a monocotyledons in both T. pollen and spore allergy. (02) (02) PRACTICALS: Embryology: 6. archaeology climatic studies and crime detection. unifloral multifloral honey. Study of polyembryonic seeds. 11. Study of whole roots in monocots and dicots Agropalynology: Pollen viability.S. Study of living shoots apices by dissection using aquatic plants such as Ceratophyllum and Hydrilla. pollen analysis. Part II Syllabus… . M. Study of cytohistological zonation in the shootapical meristem (SAM) in sectioned and doubled stained permanent slides of suitable plant such as Coleus Kolanchoe. techniques. microfossil groups Aeropalynology: Principles. (Mango.foraging behaviour of bees . 7. properties of pollen. Citrus) Anatomy: 8.

P. Study of leaf anatomy – structure. K. 1950: Anatomy of the dicotyledons M. types of stomata . of root from a permanent preparation to understand the organization of root apical meristem & it’s derivatives (use maize. and M C Danials. Study of fertility by TTC (Acetocarmine methods etc. E G 1971 Plant Anatomy Dilcher. E J. Bot. aerospora analysis by Tilak Air Sampler and Gravity slide method. Study of allergic plants and their pollen.) SUGGESTED READINGS:Embryology: Maheshwari. Fahn. Stanley. structure Anatomy: Barnova. R G and F.1969: Secretary Tissue system Foster. 1962: Plant anatomy –anatomy of seed plants. P. Linkens 1974: Pollen biology.Res. C R and L Chalk. Biochemistry management Shivanna. Pistia. D D 1974: Approaches to the identification of angiosperms leaf remains. Palynology: 1 2 3 4 5 Study of pollen morphotypes ( by at least 6 examples) Acetolysis ( Honey Analysis) Study of aerospora . Easau. R. 14. Sc.53:53-79.1963 : Recent advances on the embryology of Angiosperm Johari. aerial roots of banyan . 1963 : Experimental embryology of vascular plants. K. 1950 :An introduction to the embryology of Angiosperm Maheshwari.L.12. Examine of L. 1936 : Plant anatomy Metcalfe. Study of leguminous roots with different types of nodules. trichomes.S. 40:2157 Emmes. Part II Syllabus… . Jussieua etc. 13. G. and B M Johari 1989: The Angiosperm pollen. 1947: An introduction to plant anatomy. stomata. 1987: Historical developments of the present classification of morphological types of stomata.) origin of lateral roots . A. Cutter. A S 1942: Practical plant anatomy Haberland. M A. J D. Bot.Rev.1965: Physiological plant anatomy Masueth. B M.

Nair. Journal of Plant Sciences Pollen Biology and Fertilization Pollen Morphology Journal of Paleontology M. M R Majumdar and S G Bhattacharya 2006: A Text book of Palynology. 1973: Microbiology of atmosphere. Tilak. . Experimental Biology Developmental Biology Phytomorphology Currents sciences Plant Biology Int. Fageri. 1964: Text book of pollen analysis. 1989 : Airborne pollen and fungal spores. Y. 1908 : Systematics anatomy of the dicots Tomlinson.1985: The Angiosperm Pollen. Palynology Cunningham. Bhattacharya. Pandey and Chadha. Heslop-Harrison. A Laboratory manual. Journals: • • • • • • • • • • Journal of Plant Sciences. P K K 1964 : Advances in Palynology. P S 1961: Anatomy of the monocotyledons. P H. Sc. Shivanna K R and B M Johari. Gregory. Nair. K and J Inversen. K. P K K 1966 : Essentials of Palynology. Shivanna K R and N S Rangaswami 1992 : Pollen Biology. H.1988 : Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. G. 1971: Pollen development and physiology. structure and function. Erdtman.Solender. Part II Syllabus… . D D 1873 : Microscopic examination of air. S T. 1992: Plant Anatomy and Embryology .

heavy metals toxicity and aluminum toxicity in plants. Effect of UV radiations on plants. Salt stress .Effect of high and low temperatures on plant metabolism.Semester-IV PLANT PHYSIOLOGY(Special Paper-III) B O.Effect of ion toxicity (iron. Flooding stress . Mechanism of waterlogging tolerance. (08) 11. ROX detoxification mechanisms in plants. Antitranspirants. Photoprotection mechanisms.31 Stress Physiology of Plants Total Lectures. Effect of flooding stress on physiological processes in plants. Mechanism of UV tolerance. Thermal stresses . Transgenic approach. (09) (07) 13.Definition of saline soil. Role of HSP. Mechanism of aluminium tolerance. Cold hardening. Phytoremediation. Halophytes and glycophytes mechanism of salinity tolerance in higher plants.Generation of reactive oxygen species. Transgenic approaches. (05) 15. (05) 16. (05) (06) . Mechanism of stomatal action. Drought effect on physiological processes in plants.Nature of waterlogging stress. A brief outline of Salt affected soils in India. various mechanisms of drought resistance in plants. Mechanisms of high and low temperatures tolerance. Wetland and non wetland species. Oxidative stress .Causes of water stress: Arid and Semiarid regions. Unit –II 12. Physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Effect of ROS on metabolism. Causes of soil Salinization. Drought hardening. Water stress .4. Ionic stress . Genetic engineering for salt tolerance. Transgenic approaches.60 Unit –I 10. Radiation stress . zinc). Unit –III 14.Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis.

Biotic stress – Effect of fungal infection on plant metabolism.Unit –IV 17. Allelopathy. Unit –II 14) Study of phenolics in scales of onion varieties differing in disease resistance. of disease resistance. Effect of air pollutant SO2 and O3 on plants. 13) Study of effect of fungal infection on peroxidase activity. 10) Study of seed germination under stress condition. Gaseous stress . Practicals:Unit –I 9) Measurement of RWC and Osmotic potential 10) Determination of chlorophyll stability index. Catalase and super oxide dismutase. 7 & 8) Study of free radicals scavenging enzymes. 9) Study of free prolein accumulation in plants under stress. (06) (09) 18. 11) Estimation of chlorides in leaves of halophytes and non halophytes.Effect of elevated CO2 concentration on plant metabolism. Biochemical mechanism . 12) Study of protein/ amino acid profile in plants under stress.

CO2 as a fertilizer.41 Applied Plant Physiology (Special Paper –IV) Total Lectures-60 Unit –I 5) Crop growth and its regulation. (06) (09) 8) Reproductive physiology:. Biofertilizers. Foliar applications of mineral elements. Mode of applications of PGRs i) ii) iii) Roles: a) auxins and synthetic auxins b) gibberellins c) cytokinins d) ethylene and ethylene generating compounds e) long chain alcohols f) brassinosteroids g) Plant growth retardants h) Amino acid mixtures and other commercial products. Role of PGRs in flowering. Classification of mineral nutrients according to function. Pre sowing soaking treatment Foliar application Other modes (15) and post harvest (09) .Photoperiodism and vernalization. Unit –III 5) Plant growth regulators in Agriculture and Horticulture. Harvest index. Factors influencing mineral uptake. Foliar diagnosis of critical nutrient status. sex determination and fruit development.Semester-IV B O – 4. lime and gypsum as soil additives.Growth analysis of crop plants and its significance. Factors controlling crop productivity. Role of chelates in mineral utilization. Ethylene physiology. water use efficiency and N use efficiency.Physicochemical properties of soil. (06) 6) Nutriophysiology . Unit –II 7) Source Sink relationship in crop plants and its significance. Physicochemical properties of soil. Biotonics.

53.) 3. Gupta. (1987): Environmental Plant Physiology. (1972): Crop Physiology. Fageria. 57. L. T. M. 16) A brief idea of crop physiological research in India. D. (1984): Flooding and Plant Growth.T. N.H (1989): Environmental stresses in plants. 52. Kozlowski. Practicals:Unit –I 1. K.4) Determination of N. 6) Study of effect of weedicides on some aspects of weed metabolism (chlorophylls. K. 10) Effect of soil conditioners & Biofertilizers on crop growth. P & K status of soil and crops 5) Study of effect of source manipulation on sink capacity in any crop plant. 50. Hale. NAR.Unit –IV 6) Crop weed interaction. LAI. Biochemical and Physiological mechanisms. ICAR handbook of Fertilizers.(1972): Crop Physiology.C. S. 15) Physiological aspects of transgenic crops. (1975): Physiological aspects of dryland farming.(1992): Maximizing crop yield. chickpea and applications) 9) Effect of foliar applications of some commercial PGRs and biotonics on crop productivity parameters (carbohydrate status). U. weedicides and their mode of actions. and Orcutt. 8) Determination of Harvest index of different crops (Wheat. J. S. Gupta. 56. 51. 58. (08) (04) (03) Suggested readings:49. Fertilizer association of India (1974): Fertilizer handbook of Usage. nitrate reductase) Unit –II 7) Effect of pre sowing-soaking treatments of PGRs on crop growth. M. LAR. Fitter. 59. . 1980): Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. 55. 54. A. Evans. T. H. U. and Hay. R.M. Invading weeds. S. J. (1969. Cherry. 2) Growth analysis of any two crop plants (RGR. etc. Levitt. (1987): The Physiology of Plants Under Stress.

68. Upeke. N. 71. W. L. Asana. S. (2004): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. 66. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. S. 72. (1982): Tropical tree crops. 70. . Pessarkli. (1975): Plants in saline environment. Mansfield. 64. Rice.A. J. (1986): Physiological aspects of dryland farming. P. Plant Physiology (USA).V.Pessarkli. D. I & II. (2005): Handbook of Photosynthesis. I. (1976): Effect of air pollutant on plants. 65. M. Srivastava. Sinha S. C. NY.C. 61. 63.. 29. R.J. Marschner. K. M. and Aspinal. 67. H. and Cramer. (1968): Crop Physiology in India IARI Publ. Turner. Taiz L. and Sarin M. (1985): Chemical manipulation of crop growth and Development. Pojakoff Mayber A.. McLaren. Physiologia Plantarum Sweden. 69. Nickell.K. Y. and Zeiger F. E. (1990): Proceeding of International Congress of Plant Physiology Vol. Everymans Science. (1982): Allelopathy (Physiological Ecology).D. J. 27. 25. (1986): Plant growth regulators in Agriculture. N. and Gupta. K. L.N. L. Manures and fertilizers.G. Sharma. Environmental pollution. Bhargava S. (1986): Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. L.S.S.(1980): Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. Mehrotra.G.(1982): The Physiology and Biochemistry of Drought resistant in Plants. and Agarwal P. Sane P. Marcel Dekkar Inc. (2002): The Plant Physiology Journals • • • • • • Annual reviews of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. Paleg. R. 28. 62. 26. (1980): Plant Pathology. and Gale. Yawalkar and Agarwal.60.K. C.

Antibiotics of fungal origin and their production. Fermentation: Methods and types of fermentation of alcohol and organic acid by using fungi as microorganisms. Secondary metabolites : use of fungi in production of secondary metabolites. 7. Edible fungi. Enzymes of fungal origin and their importance in industry. cost benefit analysis. Detection of citric acid from mycelial biomass using circular chromatography. UNIT.III 5. Production of alcohol by fermentation technique.Semester. Production of Ergot alkaloid by using fungal elicitor. UNIT-II . Role of fungi in industrial mycology :scope and their utility. 7. 2. 6.IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Study of antibiotics of fungal origins. Production of Ergot alkaloids. Pleurotus spp.I 1. 8. UNIT-II 4. 5 & 6. 6.development and their maintenance. 06 03 15 15 05 05 UNIT-IV 8. their nutritional value and role in cottage industry. Study of strain maintenance using different methods. Large and small scale cultivation technique of Agaricus bisporus. 15 Practicals (2 Units.Volvarialla volavacea and their preservation. diseases and their control.improvement. Commercial fungal strain : selection.. 05 3.32 Industrial Mycology (Special Paper-III) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT. Any 8) UNIT-I 5.

and Hays.(1970): The use of fungi as food and food processing.R. 25.D. Chang. 18. (1964): Industrial Microbiology. 23. 21. 30. G. Singer.F. Allsopp and H.C.R.7 & 8. Cultivation of mushroom.G. (1975): Mould.White.D.D. Lodder.T.D.Plant Pathology and Tissue Culture. 20. J.C. 17. Fletcher. Prescott. 24.Eggins (1981): Smith’s Introduction to Industrial Mycology. L. Whipps.. . 21. A.(1966): Principles of industrial microbiology. Purkhyastt (1976): Indian edible mushrooms. Preparation of spawn: Grain.P.O.H.(1989): Mushrooms: Pest and Disease Control. and R. A.(1978): The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. 9 & 10. Dodge.J. C.W.(1970): The Yeast. 27. Atal (1978): Indian Mushroom Science-I. Turner (1971): Fungal metabolism. 31. 28. 23. Kannaiyan (1980): A hand book of edible mushrooms. 22. .I Industrial Mycology Vol. Gray.S. 19.Lumsden (1989): Biotechnology of fungi for improving plant growth. S. Rose.Study of some enzymes of fungal origin.D.H.(1935):Industrial Mycology.A. J.(1959): Industrial Microbiology. W. W. 29. R. Perlite and manure spawn. Christensen.(1961): Mushrooms and Truffles cultivation and utilization. Onions. Aneja K. Rhodes. and Barry. R.W.(1961): Industrial Microbiology.II and III.and Gaze. J. 22.L.H. REFERNCE BOOKS: 17.M.F.Jr. Barger.S. Casida. D. and Dunn. A. (1931): Ergot and Ergotism. 32. Mushrooms and Mycotoxins. Smith. 26.(1993) : Experiments in Microbiology. and Fletcher.M. 11 & 12.T.E.:The filamentous fungi Vol.

symptomology. Seed certification. Trichoderma viride. contact and Systemic fungicides. Potato (Early and late blight). Antibiotics and biological control of plant pathogenic fungi.42 Integrated Disease Management (Special Paper. Wheat (Rust and Bunt).IV) (Concepts and Application II) Total Lectures – 60 UNIT –I 3. Grapes (Powdery mildew. Biological control Agents. Use of Botanicals and other biopesticides.Bajara (Green ear). Rice (Blast). Pseudomonas flurescans. Banana (Blight). Bhendi (Yellow vein mosaic virus). seed. plant treatments of Fungicides. VA-Mycorrhiza. uptake and mode of action. Glomus.Semester IV MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY B O 4. Sunflower (Downy mildew). formulation and classification of fungicides. 15 UNIT-IV 5. UNIT-II 3. Groundnut (Leaf spot and Rust). 4. Quarantine laws. Integrated management of plant diseases: Definition of IDM. Chemical methods. Tomato (Early blight). 15 15 10 05 . fungicide resistance in plants. Cotton (Angular leaf spot). international approach. Soybean (Mosaic). Anthracnose. Pathogen etiology and management: Jowar (Head and Grain smut). Methods of disease diagnosis. isolation and identification of Pathogens. breeding and use of disease resistant varieties. Sugarcane (Whip smut and Grassy shoot). avoidance of pathogen.harzianum. Pigeon pea (Wilt). Downy mildew). soil. pathogens and their management. T. Culture methods. field observation. Citrus (Canker). UNIT-III 5 Integrated management of some important diseases-history.

(2006): Plant Pathology (5th Edition).K. 15. 6 & 7. Ny Vall.N. 4 & 5. Symptomology. Gangopadhyay.F. S. S. 2 & 3. Singh. Smith (1968): Plant Viruses. and P.(1979): Field Crop Diseases Handbook.Ltd. 14. .E. 20.(1963): Plant Diseases. Pvt. 17. Kenneth M.Bawden (1964): Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. Synergistic effect of Agrochemicals in the management of crop Diseases. Mehrotra R.C. 19.T. Agrios.(1984): Clinical Plant Pathology. UNIT-II 5. 13. R. Mathews (1970) : Plant Virology. Study of air borne fungi using air sampler.(1980): Plant Pathology 18.Practicals (2 Units.Tilak (1998): Aerobiology. R. G.9 & 10.F. REFERENCES BOOKS 12.Mistry: A manual of Plant pathology. F. 16. 11 & 12. Padoley. Spore germination of pathogenic fungi in two different media. 22. D. 8. Lalithakumari (2000): Fungal Protoplast: A Biotechnological Tool: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.S.S. Evaluation of fungicides and antibiotics against pathogen by spore germination by food poisoning technique. 21. histopathology of the disease mentioned in the theory.B. Any 8) UNIT-I 2. S. R. Collection and preservation of plant diseases.

12. production of recombinant DNA molecules. Media preparation for microbial cultures. Physical maps of DNA molecules based on RFLP and Fine structure maps (8). 7. Unit 2: a) The Genetics of Viruses: The structure and life cycle of bacterial virus. 3. Transformation. Isolation. conjugation and Transduction. Study of bacterial conjugation (02). culturing and growing E. 10. Any 8) 1. Study of southern blotting (02). Study of restriction digestion analysis by gel electrophoresis (02). translational. Post transcriptional. Genes from plastids and nuclei. 2. In vitro site specific mutagenesis (15). Study of transformation (02). using phagemid vectors. amplification using vectors. cDNA libraries and screening DNA libraries for genes of interest). 9. Practical (2 Units. 5. Regulation of expression (Transcriptional. Study of Agrobacterium mediated transformation. genetic recombination in phage. T4 genetic map. Genetic exchange in bacteria. Mapping the bacterio-phage genome (Phage phenotypes.III) B O 4. b) Genetics of C4 and CAM pathways. Unit 3: The Techniques in Molecular Genetics: Basic techniques (Restriction digestion. RNA and Proteins using blotting techniques and Micro arrays (7). The manipulation of cloned DNA sequences: in vitro. construction of genomic libraries. fine structure and deletion mapping). . bacterio-phage X 174 (8). Study of bacterial transduction (02). coli and Agrobacterium.an overview (Mutants.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER. coli. post translational and compartment specific control) (7). Para sexuality and its significance in bacteria) (15).33: MOLECULAR GENETICS Theory (4 Units. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: Microbial Genetics: Genetic studies in microorganisms with special Suggested readings: to E. Unit 4: a) Molecular analysis of Genes and Chromosomes: PCR. b) Molecular analysis of DNA.

production of secondary metabolites.an overview: Mapping. Bacteriophages. Protoplast fusion and culture. Gene cloning using PCR 8. cellular hybridization. Hairy root culture 6. Any 8) 1. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) General introduction to concepts of genetic engineering (2). Unit 4: a) Protoplast isolation and genetic engineering: Isolation of protoplast. structures of host gene. Sequencing and functional analysis of genome. hairy root culture (5). Yeast. Study of DNA markers using RAPD .plasmid. somatic hybrids for Cytoplasmic male sterility (5). gene transfer and protoplast modification in plant improvement. insertion of gene in vector. 3. 9. herbicide resistance.SEMESTER IV CYTOGENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (SPECIAL PAPER – IV) B O 4. 2. Practical (2Units. c) Isolation of the desired gene. Human genome project. resistance against plant viral diseases. Somatic embryogenesis 10. selection of the transformed host cells. constructing chimeric DNA (7). Detection and estimation of protease inhibitors from pulse seeds 11. Cloning vectors. Hup gene and regulation of nitrogen fixation (5). Drosophila. 12. Isolation of genomic DNA. Ti. expression vectors. b) Genomics. Unit 2: a) Engineering plants for the production of insect resistance. Cell line culture 4. b) Transgenics.43: SPECIAL APPROACHES IN GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROP PLANTS Theory (4 Units. Induction of enzyme Nitrate reductase. cloned gene expression (6). operation. Improvement of the nutritional quality of the crop (10). organization and molecular analysis of nif genes in Klebsiella. cell line isolation. Isolation of protoplast by mechanical and enzymatic methods. transformation. 7. Visit to commercial Greenhouse and submission of report. maintenance and management (5). Shuttle vectors. Bacterial. terminator technology and their ecological risks (5). Unit 3: a) Genetics of Nitrogen fixation: Types of nitrogen fixation. c) Proteomics and Bioinformatics (3). 5. Arabidopsis and Rice genomes (7). b) Vectors in gene cloning: Plasmids. c) Greenhouse Technology: Construction. b) Tissue Culture: Somaclonal variation. somatic embryogenesis.

1999 Genetics Principles. 1998 Genomes. Griffith A. Journal of Cytology and Genetics 10. Gelbart 1996 An introduction to Genetics Analysis. H. 1983 Concepts of Genetics. H. Brown T. Caryologia 12. Stickeberger M. Annual review of Microbiology 9. C. F.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 6th Edition W. and Cummings M.III 13. and W. 2000 Genes IV. et al 1994 Molecular biology of the cell 3rd Edition Garland Publishing. K. Jain H. L. T. Concepts and Implications. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. . 18. Ltd. 14. Gupta P. S. M. Miller J. Twyman R. Lewontin R. Unwin Hyman Publication London. Merrill Publishing Company London. V. S. 24. Charles E. 1990 Fundamentals of Genetics. 17. Suzuki D. Klug W. Latchman D. New Delhi. New York. Pvt. Journals: 8. Viva Books Pvt. 15. John Wiley and sons Singapore. Cytologia 11. Singh B. Ltd. Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) 15. 19. D. Journal of Experimental Botany 14. 1996 Genetics 3rd Edition MacMillan Publishing Co. W. Alberts B. Oxford University Press. New Delhi. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. 16. VI. 1993 Molecular and cellular biology. Wolfe S. 23. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 13. Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) . Lewin. California USA. B. A. 22. 20. 1990 Gene regulation an eukaryotic perspective. M. R. 1985 Genetics Rastogi Publications Meerut. 21.. New York. Wadwith Publishing Co. Freeman New York.. New Delhi. 1998 Advanced molecular Biology. J. K.

IV 27. Gustafson J. Pvt. 40. Mitra Sandhya 1996. Old R. and Bhojwani S. Elsevier Science. 1999 Genomes. Singapore. S. Ltd. Reinert J. 1990 Gene manipulation in plant improvement I and II. K. and Cocking E. R. Springer –Verlag. Kumar U. CRC Press. Plenum Press London. CRS press LLC. 37. P. Chawala H. 34. Trigiano R. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana. 41. P. Genetic Engineering Macmillan India Ltd. 2003 Introduction to plant tissue culture. Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice a revised edition. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. 1996. USA. 1993. 1999. 2000 Plant tissue culture concepts and laboratory exercises. K. John Wiley and Sons Pvt. 43. Daya Publishing House New Delhi. 1979. S. Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers New York USA. 31. K. 1996 Recent developments in biocontrol of plant pathogens. 47. Genes and Agriculture. Tissue and Organ culture. 44. Gupta P. Razdan M. Chrispeels M. 45. Ruger W. 2000 Introduction to Plant Biotechnology. 39. and Mahadevan A. 1989 Principles of Gene Manipulation. 2000 Plant cell. D. Brown T. 1993 Molecular biology and tissue culture fro crop pest and disease management. S. Razdan M. Blackwell Scientific Publ Oxford UK.Special Paper. 32. Razdan M. B. Pvt. K. W. and Gray D. Thimmaiah S. J. 2003 Biotechnology Expanding Horizons. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Liu Ben Hui 1998 Statistical Genomics :Linkage Mapping and QTL Analysis. J. 46. 36. 35. and Sadava D. A. and Wackernagel W. 38. 2005 Elements of Biotechnology. E. 2000 Conservation of plant genetic recourses in vitro. P. Today and Tomorrow’s printers and publishers New Delhi. C. N. and Primrose S. Bacterial phage and molecular genetics. . 2005 Methods in Plant Tissue culture Agrobios Jodhpur India. CRC Press LLC Florida USA. Ltd. and Bajaj Y. and Lal S. Kalyani publishers Ludhiana. Manibhushanrao K. Pvt. Rastogi Publications Meerut. Jones and Barlett Publishers Boston. Vidhyashekaran P. 30. Ltd. 1994 Plants. Lal R. Winkler. Narosa Publication New Delhi. 42. 28. 33. 2000 Genomes. Ltd. Standard methods of biochemical analysis. Gustafson J. U. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Genetic engineering of plants for crop improvement. Singh B. 29.

51. Francis Ouellette and B. Graeme M. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Journal of Experimental Botany Trends in Biotechnology (Elsevier) Trends in biochemical Sciences (Elsevier) Journal of Molecular Plant Pathology Journal of Plant Biotechnology International Journal of Food Science and Technology. . 1987 From Genes to Clones. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. 50. F. Cuellette 1998 Bioinformatics : A Practical Guide to the analysis of Genes and Proteins Journals: 9. 14. Cambridge University Press. Jagota A. Published by Bioinformatics by the bay Press. 16. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10. 12.48.. 2001 Bioinformatics Sequence and Genome Analysis. Wennacker Ernst L. Eddy. Sean R. Mount D. B. 11. Durbin R. W. 13. F. Anders Krogh. 15. Andreas Bazevanis. 52. 2000 Data Analysis and Classification for Bioinformatics.1999 Biological Analysis-Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Introduction to Gene Technology VCH publishers Weinheim ( Federal Republic of Germany) 49.

ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT . Methods of Community study: Quadrats and its types. Hydrogen fuel. seed (5) germination. Biomass production by the species. Systems Ecology: Introduction and Elements of system ecology. UNIT 4: 11. Working model.Conceptual model. Ecosystem modeling. (7) UNIT 2: 10. 12.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. physical anatomy. Source of energy: Conventional and non-conventional sources. Energy from wastes. Transects. Conservation of energy (8) (7) (7) (5) (5) .34 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY AND ENERGY STUDIES Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 11 EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGY: UNIT 1: 7. Remote sensing techniques and its applications. leaf area index 11. (8) 10. Biological methods.SEMESTER IV ENERGY. Bisects. Global primary productivity patterns. species environment (microclimate). 8. Methods of primary productivity measurements. techniques of producing biomass energy plants. Methods in autecological study: Systematic position. (5) distribution. geographic (LAI). (3) 9. Auxiliary variables and Foresters diagram. 10. fuel wood species and petrocrops and their potential. UNIT 3: ENERGY STUDIES: 7. other energy yielding crops (Sweet sorghum).

( 2 Units Any 8 ) UNIT 5: 10. Seed germination under various treatments for tree species. Study of rooting of the cuttings. aquatic . 13. 16. 12. 10. 11. UNIT 6: 15. Study of seed output and reproductive capacity.Practicals. Study of effect of natural light intensity on primary productivity of an ecosystem. 14. 11. 18. Use of ecological model in the field study. 17. Ecological data collection for computer use. Study of population growth curve. Study of Leaf Area Index. Study of petro crops and other energy plants. Determination of calorific value of wood. Setting up an ecological model.

Pathogens.SPECIAL PAPER-II BO-4. Nutrients. Nuclear winter. UNIT 2: 2) Environmental Issues: Ozone – Positive and negative influence of ozone.44 PAPER. Environmental Auditing and Monitoring. Methodology. UNIT 4: 5) Ecology and Human Welfare: Natural resources. salts. Oxygen sag analysis. Vermitechnology. UNIT 3: 4) Impact Assessment – EIA: EIA – Global Scenario. 3) Land Degradation: Loss of soil fertility. Carbon and world climates. Mining.XVI: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. heat. In India.Role of plants and microbes. heavy metals. Air quality loss. Air pollution monitoring devices. Waste management. Vehicular and Industrial gases. Radioactive pollutants and oil pollutants. Self purification of natural streams.SEMESTER IVENERGY. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT . causes and consequences. pesticides.Conservation and management. ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION Total lectures: 60 Total Practicals: 10 UNIT 1: 1) Pollution of Environment: C) Air Pollution: Acidic precipitation. Oxygen demanding pollutants and their activity. Ecotourism and ecofriendly measures (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (8) (7) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (5) (9) . Recycling of resources. (6) D) Water Pollution: Classification of water pollutants: A brief account.

Measurement of dust fall. 17. 19. EIA study-II. Comparison of plant communities from polluted and non-polluted areas. EIA study-I. 14. 18. Study of garbage. 20. 15.Practicals. Measurement of vehicular pollution. 12. UNIT 6: . Study of IUCN Red list categories. Study of Biological Indicators. 16. 13. UNIT 5: 11. Effect of effluents on soil microflora. Study of wetland macrophytes.

steps in biosystematic study.Semester IV B O-4. Thomas Thomson. its role in research and teaching. Botanical and experimental gardens and their role in teaching. Duthie. 2 TAXONOMIC LITERATURE: General taxonomic indexes. cultivated and economic plants. Unit-III 6 BIOSYSTEMATICS: Aims. and present works with special emphasis on Maharashtra. training and conservation of plants. acosta. dictionaries and addresses. location of type specimens. Wallich. ecotypic variations and taxonomy. Cooke. their merits and demerits. William Griffith. methodology. Typological. Prain. concept of species. 5 camparium. Biological and alternative species concepts. methods in biosystematic studies. dates of publication.Nominalistic. maps and cartography. Robert Wight. color charts. Roxbugh. Santapau. Robert kid. concepts of species. catalogues. biographical references. bibliographies. Van Rheede. analysis and data presentation. concept of genus and family. D. biosystematic categoriesecotype. Important Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of the world and India. contributions made in earlier phase by Garcia d'Orta. review serials. tabular and lateral keys. Haines.edgepunched and body-punched(polyclave) keys. Gamble. Buchnan. T. scope and limitations. C. John Burman. 3 HERBARIUM AND BOTANICAL GARDENS: Herbarium as a store house of plants and plant information. cenospecies. Parkinson. 7 SPECIES CONCEPT: Concept of taxa. Hooker and recent phase by Collet. John Koenig. 3 7 5 Unit-II 4 BOTANICAL KEYS: Diagnostic. outstanding botanical libraries. world floras and manuals. computerized keys. Botanical Survey of India (BSI). periodicals. 5 5 HISTORY OF BOTANICAL EXPLORATION IN INDIA: Beginning of botany 10 in India. dictionaries. synoptic and artificial keys-Single access (sequential)-bracketed and indented keys and multi-access keys. glossaries. Brandis. 5 .35 ANGIOSPERM TAXONOMY FLORISTICS AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (Special Paper-III) Unit-I 1 FLORISTICS: Need and significance of floristic studies. Fyson. J. N. monographs and revisions. ecospecies.

8 SPECIATION: Kinds of speciation- quantum, Mayrean, catastrophic, local ecological, geographic, phyletic; speciation and evolution of species. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS, SYSTEMATIC

5

POSITION, 15

INTERELATIONSHIPS, PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Dilleniaceae, Lemnaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • • • Unit-II Study of materials and methods of preparation of herbarium Preparation of Botanical keys Study of ecotypes/ variations in population of species To know using computer To identify family with the help of computerized Key Study of Exotic plants (weeds) found in the region Clusiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Bigoniaceae,

Passifloraceae, Caricaeae, Salicaeae, Arecaeae, Pandanaceae, Araceae,

• • •

Study of Endemic plants of India in light of IUCN Red List Categories. Study of medicinal plants of the region Descriptions, Sketching, classification and identification of families: Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Caricaeae, Tiliaceae, Lecythidaceae, Arecaeae, Bigoniaceae, Pandanaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae,

Araceae, Lemnaceae and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary.

Selected Readings • Cronquist, A. 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.) Allen Press, U.S.A. • Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. • Davis, P. H. and V. H. Heywood 1991. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. Today and Tommorow Publications, New Delhi. • Naik, V. N. 1984. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. Ltd. New Delhi.

Quicke, Donald, L. J. 1993. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Blakie Academic & Professional, London.

Taylor, D. V. and

L. J. Hickey 1997. Flowering Plants: Origin, Evolution and

Phylogeny. CBS Publishers & Distributers, New Delhi. • Lawrence George H. M. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi . • Shivanna, k. R. and B. M. Johri 1985. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. Wiley Eastern limited, New Delhi. • Endress Peter, K. 1994. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. Cambridge. • • Richard, A. J. 1997. Plant Breeding Systems. (2ed.) Chapman and Hall. Rao, R. R. 1994. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra-Dun. • Judd Walter S., Cmpbell C. S., Kollogg, E. A., Stevens P.F. and M. J. Donoghue 2008. Plant Systematics. Sinauer Associates, INC,Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Semester IV B O-4.45 ANGIOSERM TAXONOMY BPHYLOGENY AND FLORAL BIOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS (Special Paper- IV)

Unit-I

1 ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: Pre-cretaceous and Cretaceus fossil angiosperms; Time of origin of angiosperms; Cradle of angiosperms; probable ancestors of angiospermsIsoetes-monocotyledon theory, coniferales-amentiferae theory, gnetales-angiosperm theory, anthostrobilus theory, caytonian theory, stachyospory-phyllospermae theory, pteridosperm theory, pentoxylales theory and durian theory; monophyletic verses polyphyletic origin of angiosperms.

9

Unit-II

2 FOSSIL ANGIOSPERMS OF INDIA: a brief account of fossil angiosperms of IndiaPalmae: Musa Palmoxylon, cardiospermum; Sonnertioxylon, Guttiferae: Sahniocarpon, Indocarpa, Rhizopalmoxylon, Gramineae: Sonnertiorhizos, Myrtaceae: Harissocarpon, Palmocarpon; Graminocarpon; Sahnianthus, Sahnipushpam; Daberocarpon,

6

Cyclanthaceae: Cyclanthodendron, Tricoccites; Pandanaceae: Viracarpon; Musaceae: Sonnertiaceae: Enigmocarpon; Malvaceae:

Chitaleypushpam. Fossil angiosperms and palaeoecology of India. Unit-III PHYTOGEOGRAPHY: Geological time scale, geographical history, 5

Continental Drift, Land Bridges, shifting of poles, theories of differentiation and natural selection, types and areas of natural distribution, centre of origin, theory of tolerance, phytogeographic regions of the world, Botanical provinces of India and their characteristic vegetation with emphasis on Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Western Ghats. 7 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Biodiversity, its importance, assessment, loss and conservation, ethical principles of conservation biology, World organisation for conservation of biodiversity, Red List categories of IUCN, means and ways for conservation. 8 ENDEMISM: Concept of endemism, categories, biodiversity of India, megacentres of endemism in India; Keystone and flagship species, endemic plants of India with special reference to Western ghats and Maharashtra, sacred grooves and their importance. 5 5

Apiaceae. at least two local tours and an excursion of about one week duration has to be conducted for students opting for. fly. Xyridaceae. Xyridaceae. Rhizophoraceae. moth. 15 INTERELATIONSHIPS. Study of characters of flowers entemophilous: bee. Typhaceae. insects and fungi. Co-evolution of angiosperms. SYSTEMATIC POSITION. cheiropterophily. Polygalaceae. pollen. androecium. Sapindaceae. sex distribution in plants. Hydatellaceae. hydrophily. chasmogamy and cleistogamy. Typhaceae. PHYLOGENY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING FAMILIES: Podostemonaceae. Viscaceae. classification and identification of families: Podostemonaceae. laboratory work-book and project work report(if any) at the time of practical examination. Unit-IV 9 MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS. Santalaceae. entemophily-bee. Study of characters of hydrophilous flowers. pollination mechanism. Any additional practical/s based on theory syllabus will be added whenever necessary. Study of characters of cheiropterophilous flowers. • Study of fossil angiosperms of India with the help of slides and 15 specimens • • Practical based on Theory of Continental Drift Descriptions. carpenter bee.Unit-III FLORAL BIOLOGY: Sex in flowers. tour report. Polygalaceae. Unit-I PRACTICALS/LABORATORY EXCERCISES • • • • Unit-II Study of characters of anemophilous flowers. Hydatellaceae. ) . Sapindaceae. 15 Eriocaulaceae. Eriocaulaceae. butterfly and wasps flowers. Sketching. (In second term of IV Semester. Student has to submit herbarium specimens (50). Santalaceae. biology of floral parts-calyx. ‘Taxonomy of Angiosperms’ as their specialization to study vegetation. moth. style and stigma. ornithophily. corolla. ecology and flowering plant species of suitable region. Loranthaceae. fly. Apiaceae. Loranthaceae. floral diversity and evolutionary steps toward asclepiad flowers. Rhizophoraceae. anemophily. and identification of wild and cultivated plants represented in local flora. types of 15 pollination. Carpenter bee. Viscaceae. butterfly and wasps flowers. permanent or semi permanent slides (5) preserved plant specimens.

Dehra-Dun. J. 1988. 1996. Heywood 1991. and M. Palode. 1997. • Lawrence George H. A. k. K. • Judd Walter S. New Delhi . S. Cmpbell C. N. Tropical BotanicaGardens and Research Institute. Flowering Plants: Origin. Co. USA. and M. R. 1987. Johri 1985. A Handbook of Taxonomic Training. and B. K. New Delhi. New York. INC. 1994. John Wiley & Sons. (2ed. • Endress Peter. Hugh (ed. The Angiosperm Pollen: structure and Function. DST. J. Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers. U. • Cronquist. P. • Manilal. Wiley Eastern limited. . 1994. Pvt. E. Massachusetts. Plant Breeding Systems. Evolution and Phylogeny. Hickey 1997. P.] 1998. • Naik.. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Taxonomy of Angiosperms Tata McGraw-Hill Publication Com. and V. L. 1984. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. P. 1981. A. Columbia University Press. Endemic Plants of the Indian Region Vol I. Donald. V. D.Selected Readings: • Cronquist. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (2nd ed. J. S. New Delhi. Stevens P. Kerala • Ahmedullah. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. • Taylor. M. M. Donoghue 2008. V. J. R. M. Ltd. and L. Sinauer Associates.Sunderland. Nepal and Bhutan. • Shivanna. Botanical Survey of India. 1951. Biodiversity of India (Floristic Aspects). The biological aspects of Rare Plant Conservation.Publishers. Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. New Delhi. New Delhi. Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India. • Quicke. H. Nayar. 1993.F. New Delhi. Nayar. London. • Rao. and M. A. CBS Publishers & Distributers. Muktesh Kumar [ed.) Allen Press. M. Plant Systematics. Cambridge. Blakie Academic & Professional.) 1980. • Synge. S.S. Kollogg. • • Richard. H.) Chapman and Hall. • Davis.. Today and Tommorow Publications. Ltd.A.. R. A. Oxford and IBH Publ.

Oil. ocean floor)factors. physiological. etc ) and Geological (oceans. Natural and anthropogenic stress . Threats and conservation measures. tidal action. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. sources and impact. Coastal vegetation and nitrogen fixation. UNIT 2: ECOLOGY OF MARINE ALGAE: Zonation pattern and seasonality. zonation structure in mangrove ecosystem.Restoration and conservation of coral ecosystem. Biotic factors . Toxic metal pollution. Types of Coasts. Water blooms and red tide phenomenon. Restoration and managementRole of Global institutions and NGOs in India . Abiotic factors . Sea as an environment. factors affecting.Chemical (salinity. O2. distribution. Sc. CO2.floral and faunal components.36 MARINE BOTANY PAPER XV (SPECIAL PAPER III) MARINE ECOLOGY Total Lectures : 60 UNIT 1: MARINE ENVIRONMENT : . diversity. Biomagnification. UNIT 4: MARINE POLLUTION: Types. radioactive pollution and effect of waste disposal on marine ecosystem. Estuaries. distribution and types. 6 CORAL REEFS: Occurrence. waves. 5 10 9 10 5 5 10 . CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM: Need for conservation. Anatomical. UNIT 3: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: Mycorrhizal relations.M. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES: Occurrence. Human impact. Vivipary and its role in mangroves. pesticide. Ecological significance. nutrients) Physical ( light. Detritus based food chain. wind. Oceans. reef algae. PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY OF ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEM: An over view. morphological adaptations in mangroves. Concept of Marine Park. Calcification. temperature. Role of phytoplankton. sewage.

c) Determination of BOD of polluted water. e) Microbe analysis of sediments (Sulphur bacteria) from estuaries. e) Determination of phosphate from seawater.PRACTICAL COURSE III UNIT 5: a) Determination of EC. sclerides in mangroves . d) Determination of oil and grease / hydrocarbon content of polluted sea water. trichomes. and chlorinity of seawater . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . UNIT 6: a) Study of zonation pattern in algae and mangroves b) Study of vivipary in mangroves. c) Study of salts glands. salinity. pH. b) Determination of nitrate from seawater. d) Study of phenological events in different mangroves species.

Use of GPS. . Species diversity index. Similarity index etc. horticultural 7 5 8 2 5 7 8 . Source of iodine.Gracilaria etc. Storage of specimen. live stock. cereals. Wild bioresources . crops. modelling technique). UNIT 2: METHODS OF COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF MARINE ALGAE: Collection. DIATOMS: Application and uses. litter fall. Industrial applications of seaweeds.32 MYCOLOGY & PLANT PATHOLOGY MARINE BOTANY PAPER XVI (SPECIAL PAPER IV) APPLIED MARINE BOTANY Total Lectures: 60 UNIT 1: METHODS OF ANALYSIS: Primary productivity measurement (biomass harvesting. ornamentals. Medicinal uses. 8 Domestic bioresources . difficulties in getting axenic culture. PART II (SEMESTER IV) BO-4. 10 LABORATORY CULTURE AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE : Use of natural and synthetic culture media.food . feed. potential genetic resources. application to soil as a fertilizer or manure. UNIT 3: UTILIZATION OF SEAWEEDS: Species used as food and fodder. UNIT 4: COASTAL BIORESOURCES: Bioresource Profile. pulses. Undaria . Chemical preservation. fodder. Mariculture of Porphyra . fire wood. COMMERCIAL CULTIVATION OF SEAWEEDS: Traditional and recent methods.Standing crop. Herbarium technique. MANGROVE SURVEY BY REMOTE SENSING APPLICATION: Use of remote sensing technique in mapping of mangrove vegetation. aquaculture. Sc. oil crops. apiculture. medicinal products.crops.M. timber.Laminaria. gas exchange.

D. preparation and observation) d) Demonstration of phytoplankton / algal culture technique. c) Study of major faunal components from mangrove ecosystem.PRACTICAL COURSE IV UNIT 5: a) Determination of primary productivity of estuarine ecosystem. d) Determination of S. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- . e) Determination of total ash/mineral content from seaweeds. b) Study of herbarium technique in marine algae. b) Study of economically important mangrove species (used for food / fodder / timber / medicines etc). UNIT 6: a) Effect of seaweed concentrate on seed germination and plant growth. and similarity index of mangroves.I. e) Detection of bioactive compounds in some mangrove species by TLC. c) Study of diatoms (cleaning.

8&9.III) B O 4. Hairy root culture. cell suspension. Anther. reporter genes (4). Tectona. b) Application of tissue culture in forestry: In vitro establishment of Mycorrhiza forest species. Secondary metabolites from immobilized plant cell (15). 5. 4. c) Prospects in plant tissue culture industry in India. selectable markers.37: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE. Practical (2 Units. and other related improvements in forest species Eg. Somatic embryogenesis. Study of transgenic plants. 2&3. embryo culture. Procedure for process design and product recovery from cultured plant cells. Unit 3: a) Secondary metabolite production. 11. c) Molecular farming. Study of Nitrate reductase activity.Secondary metabolites from callus. Any 8) 1. biotransformation. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Application of Biotechnology in conservation of plant generic resources. Gene banks (5). (8). cell cultures. Applications in public sector (2). Preparation of biofertilizers. production of resistant lines to biotic and abiotic stresses (10). b) Marker genes and their use in transformed plants.SEMESTER IV PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Pinus etc. 6. 10. Unit 4: a) Transgenic plants for crop improvement (5). edible antibodies (6). Unit 2: a) Applications of tissue culture in horticulture: micropropagation of some tree species like Morus. Ficus etc. . orchids. Isolation and culture of any two industrially important microorganisms. Theory (4 Units. b) Application of tissue culture in Agriculture: Plant improvement through tissue culture technology. Cell suspension culture. edible vaccines. Factors affecting product yield. (5). Bioreactor.II: APPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS. 7. Study of synseeds.

Visit to Biotech firms. Use of bioscavengers in water and soil treatment. Identification and conservation of land races of crop plants. wastewater treatment. Collection. 11. 8.SEMESTER IV: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY (SPECIAL PAPER. Plant breeders rights and farmer’s right (5).47: APPLICATION. Symbiotic N2 fixation. IPR: Intellectual Property Rights. IPR and Plant Genetic Resources GATT and TRIPS (5). public verses private enterprises. Practical (2 Units. c) Patenting biotechnological inventions: Patent of higher plants. Sources of patent information. Any 8) 1&2. c) Biotechnological spotlights (4). Culture of Thiobacillus and its use in bioleaching. Patent of genes and DNA sequences. . c) Use of microbes in Industry and agriculture (5). Intellectual Property protection. Formulation of patent proposal. cooperative programmes (5). Phytoremediation immobilized microbial cells. Unit 4: a) Intellectual property. Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules. Unit 3: a) Regulating the use of Biotechnology in recombinant DNA technology. microbes in leaching of metals (10). food ingredients and GMO’s – cost benefit analysis of GMO’s (6). Preparation of questionnaire for acceptance of Biotech products. 9&10. 60 Lectures) Unit 1: a) Biotechnology in Agriculture: Ethical aspects and public acceptance. Food. Unit 2: a) Application of Biotechnology in Environmental protection: Pollution control. b) Economic and legal issues of biotechnology (5). Study of GMOs. REGULATION AND PATENTING BIOTECHNOLOGY Theory (4 Units. b) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Mechanism of N2 fixation. Nif genes. Agro biotech fields. Nod genes. a case study (5). 6&7.IV) B O 4. b) Patent systems in India. Hup genes (5). Bioethical principles for agricultural biotechnology (5). 3. b) Global biotech scenario. International organizations involved in biotechnological inventions. 4&5.

Scientific Publishers.Microbial biotechnology. 1998.Biotechnological applications of plant tissue and cell culture. L. India ltd.Molecular Biotechnology. Glick. 2000. Oxford and IHB Publishing Co. Meerut. Meerut. S.G. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). Technology Bhavan. Mitra. 3.III 1. India.Ltd. Jodhpur. J. Altman. Reddy.S. B. B. Schlegel. 1996.1994. Lecture notes on patents. S. 4. 5. ASM Press.2002 Sourses of patent information and patent agents. New Delhi. Purohit. and Pasternak. 3.1994.J.Wiley Eastern Ltd. I.M. A.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA.and Ahuja. 2. Kakralya. and Pasternak. Rastogi Publisher.K.principles and practice.. Transgenic Plants-Promise or Danger. India.l.Biotechnology.and Venkataraman. Chavala. New York.P. K. Cambridge University Press.V. 6.R.1997.R. Trehan.Mcmilan.1997. Marcel Dekker. 9. 5. Technology Bhavan New Delhi. Srivastava. Biotechnology in crop improvement.IV 1. 6. Special Paper.Agrobios. Agricultural Biotechnology.Suggested readings: Special Paper. 2002. P.. Glick. General microbiology. 1998. New Delhi. . A.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Gupta.2001.. Rastogi Publisher. Technology information. H. International Book Distributing Co. B. Ravishankar. H. H.1994. Altman. Elements of Biotechnology. Pvt. Technology information. S. 2. New York. Gupta.R.J. J. D. G.A. 7.Molecular Biotechnology. 1998. 2000. Genetic Engineering. ASM Press. Agricultural Biotechnology. New Delhi. Washington. India. New Delhi. 4. forecasting and assessment council (TIFAC). India.K. Washington. 8. Marcel Dekker. P. Elements of Biotechnology.1995.K. and Reddy.

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