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The Gerund

-ing form used as a noun

infinitive + -ing

Going to parties is fun. Gerund is subject I enjoy reading. Gerund is object

We use the Gerund after prepositions. noun + preposition We use the Gerund after the following nouns: advantage of chance of choice bet een danger of difficulty in doubt about hope of idea of interest in method of opportunity of possibility of problem of reason for ris% of trouble for ay of What is the advantage of farming over hunting? There's a chance of catching a cold these days. There's a choice between flying to !ondon "eathro $eggy is in danger of making a mista%e. "e has difficulty in sending #&#. "e is in doubt about buying the correct soft are for his computer system. There's little hope of catching #chumacher's 'errari. I li%e the idea of setting up a ne email account. or #tansted.

There's no interest in writing letters. This is a simple method of finding solutions. There's some opportunity of bringing her parents together again. These ne heels offer the possibility of riding tubeless.

"e has the problem of swimming too slo . There's a real reason for winning the contest. There's a risk of digging too deep. "e as in trouble for stealing. way of building a all.

This is a ne

adjective + preposition We use the Gerund after the following phrases:

afraid of angry about(at bad at good at clever at cra*y about disappointed about(at e+cited about famous for fed up fond of glad about happy about(at interested in %een on proud of sic% of sorry about(for tired of used to orried about verb + preposition ith

They are afraid of losing the match. $at is angry about al%ing in the rain.

)ohn is good at working in the garden. "e is clever at skateboarding. The girl is crazy about playing tennis. "e is disappointed about seeing such a bad report. We are e cited about ma%ing our o n film. #andy is famous for singing songs. I'm fed up with being treated as a child. "annah is fond of going to parties. #he is glad about getting married again. The children are not happy about seeing a doctor. ,re you interested in writing poems? )oe is keen on drawing. #he is proud of riding a sno board. We're sick of sitting around li%e this. "e's sorry for eating in the lesson. I'm tired of waiting for you. #he is used to smoking. I'm worried about making mista%es.

-+ception. to "ere e use the phrase. looking forward to + Gerund -+ample. I'm looking forward to seeing you soon. We use the Gerund after the following phrases: accuse of agree ith They ere accused of breaking into a shop.

I agree with playing darts. They apologize for being late. #he doesn't believe in getting lost in the ood.

apologi*e for believe in blame for complain about concentrate on congratulate sb. on cope ith

The reporter is blamed for writing bad stories. #he complains about bullying. /o you concentrate on reading or writing? I anted to congratulate you on making such a good speech. to cope with getting older.

"e is not sure ho

decide against

They decided against stealing the car.

depend on dream about(of feel li%e get used to insist on loo% for ard to prevent sb. from sth. rely on sth. succeed in speciali*e in stop sb. from tal% about(of thin% of arn sb. against orry about

#uccess may depend on becoming more patient. #ue dreams of being a pop star. They feel like going to bed. 0ou must get used to working long hours. The girls insisted on going out ith &ar%.

I'm looking forward to seeing you soon. "o can I prevent !ate from working in this shop?

"e doesn't rely on winning in the casino. "o then can I succeed in learning chemistry? ebsites.

The firm specialized in designing I stopped "ndrew from smoking.

They often talk about travelling to 1e 'ran% thinks of playing chess.


We warned them against using this computer. The patient worries about having the chec%-up.

We use the Gerund after the following verbs: admit avoid carry on consider delay deny disli%e can't help enjoy finish give up imagine include involve justify %eep 8on9 mention mind miss practise regret ris% suggest "e admitted having driven too fast. They avoid going on holiday on #aturdays. If e carry on sleeping so badly3 e may need help. house.

4alph is considering buying a ne I delayed telling &a+ the ne s. #he denies reading the boo%. We dislike reading poems. "e couldn#t help falling in love I enjoy playing chess.

ith her.

They finished working in the garden. #usan gives up playing ice-hoc%ey. "e imagined driving a ne car.

0our responsibility includes taking reservations on the phone. The project ill involve growing plants.

I cannot justify paying 5677 for this tic%et. They keep on running. /id ,le+ ever mention playing baseball? I don't mind sleeping on the couch. They miss playing ith their friends.

#he practised playing hoc%ey. /o you regret having mentioned it? 0ou risk catching a cold. #he suggested flying to :airo.

We use the Gerund after the following phrases: to be busy couldn't help don't mind feel li%e ho about "e is busy reading the paper. #he couldn#t help eating another apple. I don#t mind telling them my opinion. We feel like having a cup of tea. $ow about walking home instead of ta%ing the car? %t#s no good talking to this girl. %t#s no use talking to the headmaster. They spend their time reading. &here#s no cheating anymore. &here#s no point in complaining further. What about going to the *oo? The boo% is worth reading.

it's 8no9 good it's no use spend one's time there's no there's no point hat about ;e orth

We use the Gerund after the following prepositions: after before by in spite of on ithout "fter having a sho er3 I aited for #teven.

The tablet must not be ta%en before getting up in the morning. I manage it by working much longer than <7-hour %n spite of studying a lot he didn't pass the e+ams. #he insisted on calling her sister. "e told the jo%e without laughing. ee%s.