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TEST 2 - PART A

l_surn_ame

I_Nam_e

American Academy Larnaca


Year 4 Chemistry

The total marks for this part is 20. The total marks for the paper is 40. The marks for each question are shown in square brackets. Use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question. Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written communication will be assessed. You should take particular care with your spelling and grammar, as well as the clarity of expression, on these questions. Answer the questions in the spaces provided. There may be more space than you need.

YEAR4 ADDITIONAL SCIENCE CHEMISTRY

-1

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1
Alternative fuels

Known crude oil deposits are being used up. In the past, most of our fuels, such as petrol, have been obtained from crude oil. (a) Fuels such as those obtained from crude oil are non-renewable. made to replace these types of fuels with renewable fuels. Explain the difference between non-renewable and renewable Efforts are being

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fuels.

(2)

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"(b) Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using bioethanol, instead of petrol,
as a fuel for cars. (6)

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(2)

(c) Describe the test to show that a gas is carbon dioxide.

(d) The graphs show the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and the mean global temperature between 1960 and 2000. mean global temperature / QC concentration of carbon dioxide / ppm 370 360 350 340 330 320 310+---,.---.--.---,~ 1960 1970 1980 13.8 1990 2000 year Explain whether or not these graphs provide evidence that human activity is causing the Earth's temperature to rise.
(3)

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Burning fuels

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The picture shows a gas water heater. The fuel used In this heater is natural gas which is mainly methane.

la) Complete the sentence by J)Utting a cross (l\iI) In the box ne>d'to your answer. . . Natural gas Is a good fuel because
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A suppnes of it wOl nevenun out

B It always bums with a yellow flame that is easily seen

If2 C it produces no waste gases on complete combustion E!I 0 It produces no solid wasteOll complete eombustion (b) The complete CXlmbtistfon 0( fossil fuel~ releases ~ses into the atlTlosphefe. explain how these gases could cause an increase in the ternpeflltUre of the Earth.

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l-----------~--~-----------------------------.Cc) shown Incomplete combustion of methane In the photograph.
can cecur In gas heaters such as the one Explain how Incomplete combustion occurs and the problems it can cause.

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TEST 2 - PART B

Surname

Name

American Academy Larnaca Year 4 Chemistry

The total marks for this part is 20. The total marks for the paper is 40. The marks for each question are shown in square brackets. Use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question. Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written

communication

will be assessed. You should take particular care with your spelling and grammar, as well as the clarity of expression, on these questions. Answer the questions in the spaces provided. There may be more space than you need.

YEAR 4 ADDITIONAL CHEMISTRY

SCIENCE

-I

The changing atmosphere

(a) (i) The composition air.

of the atmosphere changes when fossil fuels are burned in

When methane undergoes complete combustion carbon dioxide and water are formed. Write the word equation for the complete combustion of methane.

(2)

(il) Incomplete combustion of methane can produce carbon and carbon monoxide. Describe some of the problems caused by these products.

(2)

(b) Describe how impurities in fossil fuels result in the formation of acid rain.

(2)

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P 4 1 7 6 2 A 0 1 620

(6)

*(c) Some processes release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and other processes remove it. Describe some natural processes and human activities that release carbon dioxide and some that remove it.

(Total for Question


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:h= 12 marks)

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P41 762A01 720

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Fuels
2 (a) Complete the sentence by putting a cross Crude oil is a mixture of mainly

(Ill) in the box next to your answer.

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alkenes carbon and hydrogen hyd roca rbons

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0 polymers

(b) Complete the sentence by putting a cross (~) in the box next to your answer. Fuel oil is used as a fuel in

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aircraft engines car engines cooking stoves

B
C

0 power station furnaces


Methane, CH4, is a gas that can be used as a fuel. During complete combustion, it burns in oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. Write the balanced equation for the complete combustion of methane.
(3)

(c) (i)

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P41 761 A0620

(ii) The table shows the amount of heat energy produced when different masses

of methane and octane are burnt.

methane octane

16
114

896 5472

When 1 g of methane is burnt, 56 kJ of heat energy is produced. Calculate the heat energy produced when 1 g of octane is burnt. (1)

heat energy produced (ill) State two factors that make a good fuel.

=
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........ kJ

(Total for Question 2 = 8 marks)

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P41761A0720

Mark scheme Part A 1. a) b) non-renewable: cannot be replaced renewable: can be replaced 1-2 marks: states or implies that that bioethanol is renewable and petrol is non-renewable 3-4 marks: appreciates some of the advantages of bioethanol, e.g. decrease in demand for petrol 5-6 marks: understands that bioethanol can be carbon neutral and economic and other factors that limit production of bioethanol bubble gas thru limewater turns cloudy if CO2 CO2 concentration rises quite steadily but temperature increase is erratic however overall trend is an increase in temperature no evidence that all CO2 concentration rise due to human activity D Any of following [max. 2 marks]: CO2[, methane] are greenhouse gase[s] some explanation of greenhouse effect traps heat in atmosphere OWTTE Any of following [max. 4 marks]: incomplete combustion occurs if there is not enough air/oxygen for complete combustion instead of CO2 there is production of CO and/or C CO is toxic C/soot dirties appliance reducing efficiency

c) d)

2.

a) b)

c)

Part B 1. (a) methane + oxygen carbon dioxide + water [products reactants ] (ii) carbon monoxide: reduces ability of blood to carry oxygen carbon: soot/dirt/catches fire sulphur burns to produce sulphur dioxide sulphur dioxide dissolves in water to form sulphuric acid 1-2 marks: States one process that adds and one that removes CO2 from atmosphere 3-4 marks: States at least one natural and one human activity that remove CO2 from atmosphere 5-6 marks: States a range of processes both natural and human activity that add and remove CO2 from atmosphere (i) C D (i) (ii) (iii)

(b) (c)

2.

(a) (b) (c)

CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O 5472kJ 114 = 48[kJ] Any two: high energy per g clean low cost easy to transport/store