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Group II Elements

Learning Objectives CIE


Describe the reactions of the elements of group II with oxygen and water Describe the behavior of the oxides with water Describe the thermal decomposition of the nitrates and carbonates in terms of e uations Interpret and ma!e predictions from the trends in physical and chemical properties of the elements and their compounds Explain the use of magnesium oxide as a refractory lining material and carbonate as a building material Describe the use of lime in agriculture

Learning Outcomes
"tudents should be able to wor! in groups to Gather and use the information from various sources to find answers to the uestions on the following slides "hare their answers with the rest of the class through posters prepared on the spot and explain the concepts applied #rovide feedbac! to their class mates if their posters and explanations were helpful in effective learning

Explain a% &ow do you expect the ionic radii of group II elements to compare with their corresponding atoms' b% &ow do you expect the ionic radii of group II elements to vary down the group' c% &ow do you expect the reactivity of group II elements to vary down the group' d% &ow do you expect the solubility of group II Oxides to vary down the group' e% Group II carbonates and nitrates decompose on heating( )hat is the trend in thermal decomposition down the group' f% If there are any uses of group II compounds(

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Group *II Elements

Learning Objectives CIE


Explain the trend in atomic si+e down group *II Describe the trends in volatility and color of halogens down the group Explain how si+e of molecule affects strength of *an der waals forces and its effect on boiling point Describe the relative reactivity of elements as oxidi+ing agents Describe and explain reactions of halogens with hydrogen gas Explain trend in thermal stability of hydrides in terms of bond length and bond energy

Learning Objectives CIE


Describe and explain the reactions of halide ions with ,i% a ueous silver ions followed by a ueous ammonia ,ii% Concentrated sulphuric acid -ecall diagram illustrating the manufacture of chlorine from brine by diaphragm cell )rite chemical e uations for the reactions between cold and hot a ueous sodium hydroxide with chlorine Explain the term disproportionation in terms of changes in oxidation numbers Explain use of chlorine in water purification List the uses of chlorine. /aClO. /aClO0. /aO& -ecogni+e the industrial importance and environmental significance of the halogens and their compounds(

a% Draw a chart to show the trend in melting points. boiling points. color. physical states and electro negativities down group *II elements( b% 1statine lies at the bottom of the group( )hat do you expect its physical state and color to be' c% Explain the trend in the reactivity of group *II elements down the group( d% &ow can you demonstrate the trend in oxidi+ing abilities of halogens down the group' e% Describe what would be observed when halogens react with hydrogen' f% 2sing bond energy values in data boo!let explain the trend in the thermal stabilities of hydrogen halides( g% Describe the reactions of halide ions that you carried out in the lab(

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