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Simple Assault.

2C:12-1 a
By Kenneth Vercammen Esq. of Edison, NJ
http://taret!a".com/ta/simp!e-assa#!t-$E2$%&$'%$E2$%&$'%-
2c12-1
(imp!e assa#!t. ' person is #i!ty of assa#!t if he: )1* 'ttempts
to ca#se or p#rpose!y, +no"in!y or rec+!ess!y ca#ses ,odi!y in-#ry to
another. or
)2* Ne!ient!y ca#ses ,odi!y in-#ry to another "ith a
dead!y "eapon. or
)/* 'ttempts ,y physica! menace to p#t another in
fear of imminent serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry.
(imp!e assa#!t is a disorder!y persons offense #n!ess
committed in a fiht or sc#ff!e entered into ,y m#t#a! consent, in
"hich case it is a petty disorder!y persons offense.
,. 'ra0ated assa#!t. ' person is #i!ty of ara0ated
assa#!t if he: )1* 'ttempts to ca#se serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry to
another, or ca#ses s#ch in-#ry p#rpose!y or +no"in!y or #nder
circ#mstances manifestin e1treme indifference to the 0a!#e of
h#man !ife rec+!ess!y ca#ses s#ch in-#ry. or )2* 'ttempts to
ca#se or p#rpose!y or +no"in!y ca#ses ,odi!y in-#ry to another "ith
a dead!y "eapon. or )/* 2ec+!ess!y ca#ses ,odi!y in-#ry to
another "ith a dead!y "eapon. or )3* Kno"in!y #nder
circ#mstances manifestin e1treme indifference to the 0a!#e of
h#man !ife points a firearm, as defined in section 2C:/4-1f., at or in
the direction of another, "hether or not the actor ,e!ie0es it to ,e
!oaded. or )5* Commits a simp!e assa#!t as defined in
s#,section a. )1*, )2* or )/* of this section #pon: )a* 'ny !a"
enforcement officer actin in the performance of his d#ties "hi!e in
#niform or e1hi,itin e0idence of his a#thority or ,eca#se of his
stat#s as a !a" enforcement officer. or ),* 'ny paid or
0o!#nteer fireman actin in the performance of his d#ties "hi!e in
#niform or other"ise c!ear!y identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the
performance of the d#ties of a fireman. or )c* 'ny person
enaed in emerency first-aid or medica! ser0ices actin in the
performance of his d#ties "hi!e in #niform or other"ise c!ear!y
identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the performance of emerency first-
aid or medica! ser0ices. or )d* 'ny schoo! ,oard mem,er,
schoo! administrator, teacher, schoo! ,#s dri0er or other emp!oyee of
a p#,!ic or nonp#,!ic schoo! or schoo! ,oard "hi!e c!ear!y identifia,!e
as ,ein enaed in the performance of his d#ties or ,eca#se of his
stat#s as a mem,er or emp!oyee of a p#,!ic or nonp#,!ic schoo! or
schoo! ,oard or any schoo! ,#s dri0er emp!oyed ,y an operator #nder
contract to a p#,!ic or nonp#,!ic schoo! or schoo! ,oard "hi!e c!ear!y
identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the performance of his d#ties or
,eca#se of his stat#s as a schoo! ,#s dri0er. or )e* 'ny
emp!oyee of the 6i0ision of 7o#th and 8ami!y (er0ices "hi!e c!ear!y
identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the performance of his d#ties or
,eca#se of his stat#s as an emp!oyee of the di0ision. or )f*
'ny -#stice of the (#preme Co#rt, -#de of the (#perior Co#rt, -#de
of the 9a1 Co#rt or m#nicipa! -#de "hi!e c!ear!y identifia,!e as ,ein
enaed in the performance of -#dicia! d#ties or ,eca#se of his stat#s
as a mem,er of the -#diciary. or )* 'ny operator of a
motor,#s or the operator:s s#per0isor or any emp!oyee of a rai!
passener ser0ice "hi!e c!ear!y identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the
performance of his d#ties or ,eca#se of his stat#s as an operator of a
motor,#s or as the operator:s s#per0isor or as an emp!oyee of a rai!
passener ser0ice. or )h* 'ny 6epartment of Corrections
emp!oyee, co#nty corrections officer, -#0eni!e corrections officer,
(tate -#0eni!e faci!ity emp!oyee, -#0eni!e detention staff mem,er,
-#0eni!e detention officer, pro,ation officer or any sheriff, #ndersheriff,
or sheriff:s officer actin in the performance of his d#ties "hi!e in
#niform or e1hi,itin e0idence of his a#thority. or )i* 'ny
emp!oyee, inc!#din any person emp!oyed #nder contract, of a #ti!ity
company as defined in section 2 of ;.<.14=1, c.223 )C.2':32-%>* or a
ca,!e te!e0ision company s#,-ect to the pro0isions of the ?Ca,!e
9e!e0ision 'ct,? ;.<.14=2, c.1%> )C.3%:5'-1 et seq.* "hi!e c!ear!y
identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the performance of his d#ties in
reard to connectin, disconnectin or repairin or attemptin to
connect, disconnect or repair any as, e!ectric or "ater #ti!ity, or
ca,!e te!e0ision or te!ecomm#nication ser0ice. or )-* 'ny
hea!th care "or+er emp!oyed ,y a !icensed hea!th care faci!ity to
pro0ide direct patient care, any hea!th care professiona! !icensed or
other"ise a#thori@ed p#rs#ant to 9it!e 2> or 9it!e 35 of the 2e0ised
(tat#tes to practice a hea!th care profession, e1cept a direct care
"or+er at a (tate or co#nty psychiatric hospita! or (tate
de0e!opmenta! center or 0eterans: memoria! home, "hi!e c!ear!y
identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the d#ties of pro0idin direct patient
care or practicin the hea!th care profession. or )+* 'ny direct
care "or+er at a (tate or co#nty psychiatric hospita! or (tate
de0e!opmenta! center or 0eterans: memoria! home, "hi!e c!ear!y
identifia,!e as ,ein enaed in the d#ties of pro0idin direct patient
care or practicin the hea!th care profession, pro0ided that the actor
is not a patient or resident at the faci!ity "ho is c!assified ,y the
faci!ity as ha0in a menta! i!!ness or de0e!opmenta! disa,i!ity. or
)>* Ca#ses ,odi!y in-#ry to another person "hi!e
f!eein or attemptin to e!#de a !a" enforcement officer in 0io!ation of
s#,section ,. of N.J.(.2C:24-2 or "hi!e operatin a motor 0ehic!e in
0io!ation of s#,section c. of N.J.(.2C:2&-1&. Not"ithstandin any
other pro0ision of !a" to the contrary, a person sha!! ,e strict!y !ia,!e
for a 0io!ation of this s#,section #pon proof of a 0io!ation of
s#,section ,. of N.J.(.2C:24-2 or "hi!e operatin a motor 0ehic!e in
0io!ation of s#,section c. of N.J.(.2C:2&-1& "hich res#!ted in ,odi!y
in-#ry to another person. or
)=* 'ttempts to ca#se sinificant ,odi!y in-#ry to another or
ca#ses sinificant ,odi!y in-#ry p#rpose!y or +no"in!y or, #nder
circ#mstances manifestin e1treme indifference to the 0a!#e of
h#man !ife rec+!ess!y ca#ses s#ch sinificant ,odi!y in-#ry. or
)%* Ca#ses ,odi!y in-#ry ,y +no"in!y or p#rpose!y startin
a fire or ca#sin an e1p!osion in 0io!ation of N.J.(.2C:1=-1 "hich
res#!ts in ,odi!y in-#ry to any emerency ser0ices personne! in0o!0ed
in fire s#ppression acti0ities, renderin emerency medica! ser0ices
res#!tin from the fire or e1p!osion or resc#e operations, or renderin
any necessary assistance at the scene of the fire or e1p!osion,
inc!#din any ,odi!y in-#ry s#stained "hi!e respondin to the scene of
a reported fire or e1p!osion. 8or p#rposes of this s#,section,
?emerency ser0ices personne!? sha!! inc!#de, ,#t not ,e !imited to,
any paid or 0o!#nteer fireman, any person enaed in emerency
first-aid or medica! ser0ices and any !a" enforcement officer.
Not"ithstandin any other pro0ision of !a" to the contrary, a person
sha!! ,e strict!y !ia,!e for a 0io!ation of this pararaph #pon proof of a
0io!ation of N.J.(.2C:1=-1 "hich res#!ted in ,odi!y in-#ry to any
emerency ser0ices personne!. or
)4* Kno"in!y, #nder circ#mstances manifestin e1treme
indifference to the 0a!#e of h#man !ife, points or disp!ays a firearm, as
defined in s#,section f. of N.J.(.2C:/4-1, at or in the direction of a
!a" enforcement officer. or )1&* Kno"in!y points, disp!ays or
#ses an imitation firearm, as defined in s#,section f. of N.J.(.2C:/4-
1, at or in the direction of a !a" enforcement officer "ith the p#rpose
to intimidate, threaten or attempt to p#t the officer in fear of ,odi!y
in-#ry or for any #n!a"f#! p#rpose. or )11* Ases or acti0ates a
!aser sihtin system or de0ice, or a system or de0ice "hich, in the
manner #sed, "o#!d ca#se a reasona,!e person to ,e!ie0e that it is a
!aser sihtin system or de0ice, aainst a !a" enforcement officer
actin in the performance of his d#ties "hi!e in #niform or e1hi,itin
e0idence of his a#thority. 's #sed in this pararaph, ?!aser sihtin
system or de0ice? means any system or de0ice that is interated "ith
or affi1ed to a firearm and emits a !aser !iht ,eam that is #sed to
assist in the siht a!inment or aimin of the firearm.
'ra0ated assa#!t #nder s#,sections ,. )1* and ,. )>* is
a crime of the second deree. #nder s#,sections ,. )2*, ,. )=*, ,. )4*
and ,. )1&* is a crime of the third deree. #nder s#,sections ,. )/*
and ,. )3* is a crime of the fo#rth deree. and #nder s#,section ,. )5*
is a crime of the third deree if the 0ictim s#ffers ,odi!y in-#ry,
other"ise it is a crime of the fo#rth deree. 'ra0ated assa#!t #nder
s#,section ,.)%* is a crime of the third deree if the 0ictim s#ffers
,odi!y in-#ry. if the 0ictim s#ffers sinificant ,odi!y in-#ry or serio#s
,odi!y in-#ry it is a crime of the second deree. 'ra0ated assa#!t
#nder s#,section ,. )11* is a crime of the third deree.
c. )1* ' person is #i!ty of assa#!t ,y a#to or 0esse! "hen the
person dri0es a 0ehic!e or 0esse! rec+!ess!y and ca#ses either
serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry or ,odi!y in-#ry to another. 'ssa#!t ,y a#to or
0esse! is a crime of the fo#rth deree if serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry res#!ts
and is a disorder!y persons offense if ,odi!y in-#ry res#!ts. )2*
'ssa#!t ,y a#to or 0esse! is a crime of the third deree if the person
dri0es the 0ehic!e "hi!e in 0io!ation of 2.(./4:3-5& or section 2 of
;.<.14%1, c.512 )C./4:3-5&.3a* and serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry res#!ts and
is a crime of the fo#rth deree if the person dri0es the 0ehic!e "hi!e in
0io!ation of 2.(./4:3-5& or section 2 of ;.<.14%1, c.512 )C./4:3-
5&.3a* and ,odi!y in-#ry res#!ts. )/* 'ssa#!t ,y a#to or 0esse!
is a crime of the second deree if serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry res#!ts from
the defendant operatin the a#to or 0esse! "hi!e in 0io!ation of
2.(./4:3-5& or section 2 of ;.<.14%1, c.512 )C./4:3-5&.3a* "hi!e:
)a* on any schoo! property #sed for schoo! p#rposes "hich is
o"ned ,y or !eased to any e!ementary or secondary schoo! or schoo!
,oard, or "ithin 1,&&& feet of s#ch schoo! property. ),* dri0in
thro#h a schoo! crossin as defined in 2.(./4:1-1 if the m#nicipa!ity,
,y ordinance or reso!#tion, has desinated the schoo! crossin as
s#ch. or )c* dri0in thro#h a schoo! crossin as defined in
2.(./4:1-1 +no"in that -#0eni!es are present if the m#nicipa!ity has
not desinated the schoo! crossin as s#ch ,y ordinance or
reso!#tion. 'ssa#!t ,y a#to or 0esse! is a crime of the third deree
if ,odi!y in-#ry res#!ts from the defendant operatin the a#to or 0esse!
in 0io!ation of this pararaph. ' map or tr#e copy of a map
depictin the !ocation and ,o#ndaries of the area on or "ithin 1,&&&
feet of any property #sed for schoo! p#rposes "hich is o"ned ,y or
!eased to any e!ementary or secondary schoo! or schoo! ,oard
prod#ced p#rs#ant to section 1 of ;.<.14%=, c.1&1 )C.2C:/5-=* may
,e #sed in a prosec#tion #nder s#,pararaph )a* of pararaph )/* of
this s#,section. Bt sha!! ,e no defense to a prosec#tion for a
0io!ation of s#,pararaph )a* or ),* of pararaph )/* of this
s#,section that the defendant "as #na"are that the prohi,ited
cond#ct too+ p!ace "hi!e on or "ithin 1,&&& feet of any schoo!
property or "hi!e dri0in thro#h a schoo! crossin. Nor sha!! it ,e a
defense to a prosec#tion #nder s#,pararaph )a* or ),* of pararaph
)/* of this s#,section that no -#0eni!es "ere present on the schoo!
property or crossin @one at the time of the offense or that the schoo!
"as not in session. 's #sed in this section, ?0esse!? means a
means of con0eyance for tra0e! on "ater and prope!!ed other"ise
than ,y m#sc#!ar po"er. d. ' person "ho is emp!oyed ,y a
faci!ity as defined in section 2 of ;.<.14==, c.2/4 )C.52:2=C-2* "ho
commits a simp!e assa#!t as defined in pararaph )1* or )2* of
s#,section a. of this section #pon an instit#tiona!i@ed e!der!y person
as defined in section 2 of ;.<.14==, c.2/4 )C.52:2=C-2* is #i!ty of a
crime of the fo#rth deree. e. )6e!eted ,y amendment,
;.<.2&&1, c.33/*. f. ' person "ho commits a simp!e assa#!t as
defined in pararaph )1*, )2* or )/* of s#,section a. of this section in
the presence of a chi!d #nder 1> years of ae at a schoo! or
comm#nity sponsored yo#th sports e0ent is #i!ty of a crime of the
fo#rth deree. 9he defendant sha!! ,e strict!y !ia,!e #pon proof that
the offense occ#rred, in fact, in the presence of a chi!d #nder 1>
years of ae. Bt sha!! not ,e a defense that the defendant did not
+no" that the chi!d "as present or reasona,!y ,e!ie0ed that the chi!d
"as 1> years of ae or o!der. 9he pro0isions of this s#,section sha!!
not ,e constr#ed to create any !ia,i!ity on the part of a participant in a
yo#th sports e0ent or to a,roate any imm#nity or defense a0ai!a,!e
to a participant in a yo#th sports e0ent. 's #sed in this act, ?schoo! or
comm#nity sponsored yo#th sports e0ent? means a competition,
practice or instr#ctiona! e0ent in0o!0in one or more interscho!astic
sports teams or yo#th sports teams orani@ed p#rs#ant to a nonprofit
or simi!ar charter or "hich are mem,er teams in a yo#th !ea#e
orani@ed ,y or affi!iated "ith a co#nty or m#nicipa! recreation
department and sha!! not inc!#de co!!eiate, semi-professiona! or
professiona! sportin e0ents. amended 14=4, c.1=%, s.22. 14%1,
c.24&, s.13. 14%/, c.1&1. 14%5, c.4=, s.2. 14%5, c.333. 144&, c.%=,
s.1. 1441, c.2/=, s.2. 1441, c./31, s.2. 144/, c.214, s.2. 1445, c.>,
s.1. 1445, c.1%1. 1445, c.211, s.1. 1445, c./&=, s.2. 144=, c.32. 144=,
c.114. 1444, c.==. 1444, c.1%5, s.2. 1444, c.2%1. 1444, c./%1. 2&&1,
c.215. 2&&1, c.33/, s.2. 2&&2, c.5/. 2&&/, c.21%. 2&&5, c.2. 2&&>,
c.=%, s.2. 2&1&, c.1&4. 2C:12-1.1 Knowingly leaving scene of
motor vehicle accident resulting in serious bodily inury! third
degree crime. 2. ' motor 0ehic!e operator "ho +no"s he is
in0o!0ed in an accident and +no"in!y !ea0es the scene of that
accident #nder circ#mstances that 0io!ate the pro0isions of 2.(./4:3-
124 sha!! ,e #i!ty of a crime of the third deree if the accident
res#!ts in serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry to another person. 9he pres#mption of
nonimprisonment set forth in N.J.(.2C:33-1 sha!! not app!y to persons
con0icted #nder the pro0isions of this section. Bf the e0idence so
"arrants, nothin in this section sha!! ,e deemed to prec!#de an
indictment and con0iction for ara0ated assa#!t or assa#!t ,y a#to
#nder the pro0isions of N.J.(.2C:12-1. Not"ithstandin the
pro0isions of N.J.(.2C:1-% or any other pro0isions of !a", a con0iction
arisin #nder this section sha!! not mere "ith a con0iction for
ara0ated assa#!t or assa#!t ,y a#to #nder the pro0isions of
N.J.(.2C:12-1 and a separate sentence sha!! ,e imposed #pon each
con0iction. Not"ithstandin the pro0isions of N.J.(.2C:33-5 or
any other pro0isions of !a", "hene0er in the case of s#ch m#!tip!e
con0ictions the co#rt imposes m#!tip!e sentences of imprisonment for
more than one offense, those sentences sha!! r#n consec#ti0e!y.
8or the p#rposes of this section, neither +no"!ede of the serio#s
,odi!y in-#ry nor +no"!ede of the 0io!ation are e!ements of the
offense and it sha!! not ,e a defense that the dri0er of the motor
0ehic!e "as #na"are of the serio#s ,odi!y in-#ry or pro0isions of
2.(./4:3-124.
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