Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 74

Section 1 Page 1

All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent


Do not delete this graphic elements in here:
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Ethernet Service Switch Hardware
7450 ESS
Hardware
Section 1 Page 2
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 2
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Objectives
Upon successful completion of this module, you will be able to
describe:
The differences in the chassis and system architecture of the ESS-7 and
the ESS-12 compared to the ESS-1
7450 ESS system components
The system architecture of the cards
The difference between the control and data plane
A packet walkthrough

Section 1 Page 3
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
33
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 3
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS-1 7450 ESS-6/6V 7450 ESS-7
1 Tb/s system
capacity
10 I/O slots
20 MDA/ISA slots
50 Gb/s per-slot,
scaling
Seamless IOM3-XP
upgrade to 50 Gb/s
capacity on a per
slot basis
40 Gb/s system
capacity
Semi-modular
platform
Fixed I/O with
2 MDA/ISA slots
500 Gb/s system
capacity
5 I/O slots
10 MDA/ISA slots
50 Gb/s per-slot,
scaling
Seamless IOM3-XP
upgrade to 50 Gb/s
capacity on a per
slot basis
320 Gb/s system
capacity
4 I/O slots
8 MDA/ISA slots
40 Gb/s per-slot
Seamless IOM3-XP
upgrade to 40 Gb/s
capacity on a per
slot basis
7450 ESS-12
3 | 7450 ESS Overview | June 2009
The Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS Family
Section 1 Page 4
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 4
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
The Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS Family
Four chassis options 1, 6, 7 and 12 slots
Carrier-class reliability combined with high
density in a small footprint
System capacities scalable from 20 Gbps to
200 Gbps (400 Gbps in future)
Modular design removable IOM, SF/CPM,
and MDAs
Common operating system
1
2
3
4
5
A
B
Slot
MDA
1 2
ESS-7
MDA
1 2
A
1 ESS-1
Slot
1 2 3 4 5 A B 6 7 8 9 10
1
MDA
2
ESS-12

1
2
A
B
3
4
Slot
ESS-6
The Alcatel-Lucent Ethernet Service Switch comes in four chassis options: the ESS-1, the ESS-6, the ESS-
7, and the ESS-12.
The modular design of the 7450 provides the ability to add or remove hot-swappable cards as required.
There are two types of card slots:
SF/CPM Card Slot
The Switch Fabric (SF) and Control Processing Module (CPM) contains the switch fabric and the control
processor complex. The switch fabric consists of multiple switching elements that are responsible for
sending cells received on one port out another. The processor complex is responsible for the overall
control of the system.
IOM Card Slot
I/O modules (IOM) are responsible for connecting media dependent adaptors (MDA), which provide
physical interface termination, into the system. The IOM processes received frames from an interface
to accomplish all switching decisions. It implements per service QoS functions, access control lists
(ACLs) and accounting, formats frames into cells to be switched through the core fabric, and sends
cells to the fabric. Frames to be sent out interfaces are first received from the fabric as cells, re-
assembled into frames and processed to accomplish egress specific encapsulation as well as per
service egress QoS, filtering and accounting functions.
A CPU section manages the forwarding hardware in each Flexible FastPath complex and participates in
the distributed control plane used in the system.
Section 1 Page 5
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 5
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
The ESS-12 Shelf
ESS-12 features:
Slots for up to ten 20 Gbps
IOM cards
Two hot-swappable SF/CPM
card slots; 200 Gbps or 400
Gbps SF/CPM cards available;
400 Gbps cards have capacity
to handle future 40 Gbps IOM
cards
Up to twenty hot-swappable
MDAs
Hot-swappable cooling fans
Switch fabric/control
redundancy when two
SF/CPMs installed
Power redundancy when two
DC power sources connected

The ESS-12, with 12 vertical slots, is the largest of the Ethernet Service Switches. The chassis weighs
approximately 73 lbs (33 kg) and fits into a standard 19 inch rack.
The 2 slots in the middle are reserved for two SF/CPM cards. Two SF/CPM cards provides for full
switching and control redundancy. The remaining 10 slots are available for IOM cards. Each IOM card
can hold two MDAs.
All the modules (SF/CPM, IOM, MDA, cooling fans, air filter and power modules) are hot-swappable,
field-replaceable units.
Section 1 Page 6
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 6
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
The ESS-12 Front and Rear
1
1
2
2
6
5
3
7
4
8 9
1
2
6
7
4
5
3
8

ESS-12 Front
1. Cable management system
2. IOM slot numbers (from 1 to 10 left to right)
3. MDA 1
4. MDA 2
5. IOM slot blank panel
6. SF/CPM A
7. SF/CPM B
8. Air vent
9. ESD strap connector
ESS-12 Rear
1. Grounding lugs
2. Cooling fan trays
3. DC PEM
4. Safety cover
5. DC power ON/OFF switch
6. DC power connector
7. DC power return connector
8. AC supply status connector
Section 1 Page 7
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 7
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent 7740 ESS SF/CPM Cards
Redundant SF/CPMs
are supported on the
ESS-6, the ESS-7 and
the ESS-12

The Switch Fabric/Control Processing Module: SF/CPM.


Available in 500Gbps (half-duplex) and 1Tbps (half-duplex) ESS Variations:
ESS-1
1 SF/CPM integrated with the IOM on the motherboard. No redundancy possible.
ESS-6
2 load sharing, redundant SF/CPMs, located in slots A and B. Full redundancy.
ESS-7
2 load sharing, redundant SF/CPMs, located in slots A and B. Full redundancy.
ESS-12
2 load sharing, redundant SF/CPMs, located in slots A and B. Full redundancy.
Section 1 Page 8
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 8
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
SF/CPM Front Panel (ESS-6 / ESS-7 / ESS-12)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
LEDs
1. BITs port
2. DTE/DCE selector for the console port
3. Serial console port
4. Serial auxiliary port (currently not supported)
5. Alarm port
6. Alarm cutoff/lamp test button
7. Ethernet management port
8. Compact flash card slots

1. BITS port: a RJ-45 connector, used for a network clock source.


2. DTE/DCE selector for the console port: This allows the use of either straight through or cross-over
cable connections to the console port.
3. Serial console port: a DB-9 serial port used to connect a terminal or PC. Used for initial system
startup as well as system configuration and monitoring. The default port configuration is 115200, 8,
N, 1.
4. Auxiliary port: a DB-9 serial port, used to connect a modem (currently not supported in software.
The 7450 ESS OS software does not provide a means of configuring the device).
5. Alarm port: a DB-9 serial port, used to connect to external alarm devices that report conditions that
trigger critical or major alarms.
6. Audible Alarm Cutoff/Lamp Test (AAC/LT) button: pressing the button verifies the operability of
LEDs. The Audible Alarm Cutoff is used to silence external alarms until the next alarm condition
occurs.
7. Management Ethernet port connector and LEDs:
Link LED: Amber indicates 10 M/bps
Amber (blinking) indicates half-duplex mode
Green indicates 100 M/bps
Unlit indicates operationally down
Data LED: Green (blinking) indicates RX/TX activity
Amber (blinking) indicates an error condition
8. Compact flash (CF) cards, cf1 ,cf2, and cf3:
cf1 and cf2 are used for logging, configuration, image file backups
cf3 stores the Boot Loader File and the Boot Options File (and possiblly the boot image and
configuration files configurable)
Section 1 Page 9
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 9
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS IOMs, MDAs and SFPs
Small Form-Factor
Pluggable (SFP) optics
2 MDAs per IOM
10 IOMs per ESS-12
5 IOMs per ESS-7
4 IOMs per ESS-6
IOMs and MDAs are hot-swappable on the same platform
Many types of MDAs
Two modes of IOMs Many types of SFPs

The Input/Output Module: IOM.


The ESS-7 and ESS-12 support three IOM types which result in two chassis modes:
Mode a The default mode corresponding to the 20 Gbps IOM with 2MB Pchip memory, called iom-
20g and with 10 Gbps, called the iom-10g.
Mode b The mode corresponding to the 20Gbps IOM with 4MB of PChip memory, called iom-20g-
b.
The Media Dependent Adaptor: MDA.
There are many types of MDAs, a few examples are: 60-port 10/100 Base TX Ethernet MDA, 20-port
100BaseFX MDA, 5/10-port Gigabit Ethernet MDA, 1-port 10GigEthernet MDA, 4-port OC-3c/STM-1/OC-
12c/STM-4 ATM MDA, 1-port OC-192c/STM-64 SONET/SDH MDA, and many more. The wide variety of
MDAs assures the flexibility to the user to build the network according to the needs.
The Small From-factor Pluggable transceiver: SFP.
The SFPs are small optical modules available in a variety of formats and allow the hot-swappable
replacement of a single module instead of an entire board.
Section 1 Page 10
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 10
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
ESS Family

7450 ESS-1 7450 ESS-7 7450 ESS-12


Dimensions
Redundancy
Media Dependent
Adaptors (MDAs)
I/O Slots
Bandwidth (full-duplex,
redundant)
24.5H x 17.5W x 25.25D
AC Power (1 + 1)
DC Power (1 + 1)
Cooling Fans (2 + 1)
Switch Fabrics/Control
Processor Modules
(SF/CPM) (1 + 1)
20
10
400G
14H x 17.5W x 23.5D
AC Power (1 + 1)
DC Power (1 + 1)
Cooling Fans (1 + 1)
Switch Fabrics/Control
Processor Modules
(SF/CPM) (1 + 1)
10
5
200G
2.625"H x 17.5"W x 22.25"D
AC power (1+1)
DC power (1+1)
Cooling Fans
2
1 (Integrated on the
chassis board)
20G
14H x 17.5W x 25.6D
AC Power (1 + 1)
DC Power (1 + 1)
Cooling Fans (1 + 1)
Switch Fabrics/Control
Processor Modules
(SF/CPM) (1 + 1)
8
4
80G
7450 ESS-6
The chassis and system architecture of the ESS-6 and the ESS-7 are very similar to the ESS-12. The main
difference being that the ESS-6 has 4 and the ESS-7 has only 5 IOM slots rather than 10 like the ESS-12.
The chassis and system architecture of the ESS-1 integrates the IOM and SF/CPM system components
onto one motherboard. The functionality is similar to the other ESS types but uses a virtual backplane
switching function instead of a physical SF card. The ESS-1 does not support control plane redundancy.
Section 1 Page 11
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 11
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Chassis modes

N/A N/A
D
N/A N/A
C
Enhanced Subscriber Management
Per-VC/Per-SDP Octet Counters
Routed CO and Layer3 Group Interfaces
IOM-10g
IOM-20g-b
B
Supported for configuration compatibility IOM-20g not supported
IOM-10g
IOM-20g-b
A
Features/Scaling IOM Support Chassis
Mode
7450 ESS-6, ESS-7, & ESS-12
iom-3xp
iom-20g = 2M IOM
iom-20g-b = 4M IOM
iom-10g = IOM (7450 only)
If the chassis mode is not explicitly provisioned in the
configuration file, the chassis will come up in Mode A by default.
Note: Chassis mode does not apply to the ESS-1
Section 1 Page 12
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 12
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
System Boot Behavior

Comes online if provisioned as iom-10g. iom-10g


Comes online if provisioned as iom-20g or iom-20g-b. iom-20g-b
Will not come online regardless of provisioning generates a log
message.
iom-20g
Behavior IOM
Comes online if provisioned as iom-10g. iom-10g
Comes online only if provisioned as iom-20g-b. iom-20g-b
Will not come online regardless of provisioning generates a log
message.
iom-20g
Behavior IOM
Mode A
1
(ESS-1, ESS-6, ESS-7, & ESS-12)
Mode B
2
(ESS-6, ESS-7 & ESS-12)
1
Default mode.
2
Must be configured.
Section 1 Page 13
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 13
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS-1 Support
ESS-1 (2M) not supported
ESS-1 (4M):
Enhanced Subscriber Management (L2 TPSDA only)
per-VC/per-SDP Octet Counters
Web RD
Comes online in chassis Mode A. ESS-1 (4M)
Will not come online regardless of provisioning
generates a log message.
ESS-1 (2M)
Behavior Chassis
There is no Chassis Mode command for the ESS-1, the default and
only chassis mode is Mode A.

Section 1 Page 14
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 14
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS Ethernet MDAs

200/20 100/10 80/8 20/2 10/1 1/10 Gb/s 1/10 Gigabit


Ethernet
40 20 16 4 2 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit
Ethernet
20 10 8 2 1 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit
Ethernet
2
400 200 160 40 20 1 Gb/s Gigabit
Ethernet
200 100 80 20 10 1 Gb/s Gigabit
Ethernet
1
400 200 160 40 20 100 Mb/s 100-Base FX
Ethernet
400 200 160 40 20 10/100/1000
Mb/s
10/100/1000
Ethernet
1200 600 480 120 60 10/100 Mb/s 10/100
Ethernet
ESS-12 ESS-7 ESS-6 ESS-1
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
2
Fixed optics version not supported on the iom-10g.
1
Rev. B not supported on the iom-10g.
Section 1 Page 15
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 15
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS Ethernet SFP Types

Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface


Type
10 Km 1310 nm Single-mode XFP-LC LR
300 m 850 nm Single-mode XFP-LC ESS
80 Km 1550 nm Single-mode Simplex SC ZR
40 Km 1550 nm Single-mode Simplex SC ER
10 Km 1310 nm Single-mode Simplex SC LR 10G Base
70 Km 1470-1610 nm Single-mode SFP-LC CWDM
100 m Copper Copper SFP-RJ45 TX
70 Km 1550 nm Single-mode SFP-LC ZX
40 Km 1310 nm Single-mode SFP-LC EX
10 Km 1310 nm Single-mode SFP-LC LX
550 m 850 nm Multimode SFP-LC SX 1000 Base
25 Km 1310 nm Single-mode SFP-LC FX
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC FX 100 Base
100 m Copper Copper RJ-45 TX 10/100/1000
Base
100 m Copper Copper VHDCI/RJ-21 TX 10/100 Base
Section 1 Page 16
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 16
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS SONET/SDH MDAs

80 40 32 8 4 2.48 Gb/s OC-48c/STM-16c


40 20 16 4 2 2.48 Gb/s OC-48c/STM-16c
320 160 128 32 16 622 Mb/s OC-12c/STM-4c
OC-3c/STM-1c
160 80 64 16 8 622 Mb/s OC-12c/STM-4c
OC-3c/STM-1c
320 160 128 32 16 155 Mb/s OC-3c/STM-1c
ESS-12 ESS-7 ESS-6 ESS-1
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
Note: POS MDAs are not supported on the iom-10g.
Section 1 Page 17
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 17
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS SONET/SDH SFP Types

42Km/15Km 1550 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC IR-2/S-16.2


21Km/15Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC IR-1/S-16.1
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC ESS-1/I-16 OC-48/STM-16
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC LR-2/L-4.2
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC ESS-1/I-4
2 Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC ESS-0 OC-12/STM-4
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Single-Mode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC ESS-0 OC-3/STM-1
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type
Section 1 Page 18
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
18 18
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 18
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Input/Output Modules (IOM3-XP)
Fully-distributed forwarding & packet processing
Up to 50 Gbps wire-rate forwarding
Traffic forwarding engine is based on massive
array of network processors
L2/L3 encapsulation
IPv4/IPv6//MPLS/MAC forwarding lookup
Distributed control plane CPU for local
processing of critical control plane functions
Fully hot-swappable
Sophisticated traffic management with each
queue assignable to:
A subscriber
An application for queuing, policing and shaping
A service for billing counters
64K hierarchical queues/IOM
Up to 1M hierarchical policers
2M 2-tier MAC FIBs
Massive Service Scale
IOM3-XP
A 7450 ESS will be able to operate with a mix of 50Gbps IOM3-XP and 20 Gbps IOM-b and IOM-2s as well
as IMMs allowing the customer to replace the 20 Gbps IOMs as capacity demands increase.
The 7450 ESS IOM3-XPs:
Up to 50 Gbps of forwarding performance per each IOM3-XP, up to 25 Gbps per MDA slot
Supported in both the 7450 ESS-12 and 7450 ESS-7 chassis
Support for most of the existing MDAs with backward and forward compatibility as per latest SR OS
Release Notes.
Supports all new high performance MDA-XP
Supports hot removal and hot insertion
64K queues that can be flexibly assigned to any MDA or port, and to either ingress or egress
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP applications. (Note: SynchE is
not supported on the ESS1 platform)
Can co-exist and is interoperable with IOM2-20g and IOM-20g-b IOMs (must use Chassis Mode that
aligns with the earliest generation of IOM installed)
Support for chassis Mode D when a chassis is configured entirely with IOM3-XP IOMs
Support expanded scalability, enabled in future releases of SR OS
Section 1 Page 19
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
19
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 19
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Media Dependent Adapters (MDA-XP)
Mix-and-match interface types, speed and reach for optimal slot
utilization
Leading interface density
SONET/SDH and Ethernet MDA connectivity
Soft-selectable 10 Gig LAN/WAN PHY
20 Port GigE SFP MDA-XP
20 Port GigE MDA-XP
2 Port 10 GigE XFP MDA-XP
4 Port 10 GigE XFP MDA-XP
MDA-XP:
Up to 25 Gbps per MDA slot
Supported in the 7450 ESS-12, 7450 ESS-7 and 7450 ESS-6 chassis
Supports hot removal and hot insertion
Support oversubscription logic able to handle traffic prioritization based on ToS or DSCP bits under
overload conditions
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP applications
Note: SynchE is not supported on the SR1 and ESS1 platforms
Can interoperate with IOM3-XP using the 25Gbps interface bandwidth between MDA and IOM3-XP or
can can function at 10Gbps backplane when slotted into an IOM-20gb or IOM2-20g
Support for SW configurable WAN phy or LAN phy selection for the 1, 2 and 4 port 10GbE MDA-XPs
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP/XFP applications
4 x 10GigE MDA-XP (XFP)
2 x 10GigE MDA-XP (XFP)
20 x GigE MDA-XP (SFP)
20 x GigE MDA-XP (RJ-45)
1 x 10GigE MDA-XP with Sync-E support
10 x 1 GigE MDA-XP with Sync-E support
Section 1 Page 20
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 20
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Integrated Service Adapters (ISA)
Enable high-performance application-specific processing
IPSec, Application Assurance, Video Services
Traffic requiring additional high-touch processing is diverted to ISA card
with no performance impact on other applications
Reduces the need for external platforms to support these services
Section 1 Page 21
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
21 21
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 21
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Switch Fabric &
Control Processor
Module
(SF/CPM)
CPU
CPU
CPU
IOM:
Fully-distributed forwarding and packet processing engine
Up to 50 Gbps (FD) wire-rate forwarding with services enabled
Up to 10 IOMs per system
SF/CPM:
Two SF/CPM per system for full redundancy
Switch fabric supports up to 1 Tbps (HD)
Control Processor Module for system control,
centralized protocol processing and management
System Component Summary
I/O Module
(IOM)
100 Gb/s
Bus
Auto-
Detecting
10 or 25
Gb/s Bus
Media
Dependant
Adapter
(MDA)
Integrated
Service
Adapter
(ISA)
ISA:
Adds advanced services
to the 7450
MDA:
Provide physical Line Termination
2 MDAs per IOM; 20 MDAs per system
Up to 25 Gbps (FD) supported per MDA
Ethernet, SONET/SDH, ATM, CES, ASAP
The slide above shows three levels in the hierarchy:
MDAs and IMMs provide the physical interfaces that receive and send the traffic over the links
connected to those interfaces. The interfaces can be Ethernet, SONET/SDH, ATM/Frame Relay or
channelized SONET/SDH
IOMs perform all the encapsulation and data plane forwarding operations for packets entering
(ingress) and leaving (egress) the interfaces. The IOM Flexible Fast Path Complex, under the control
of the IOM CPU, determines how packets are handled
The SF/CPM has two functions:
The Switch Fabric (SF) switches packets among the IOMs based on decisions made by the IOM flexible
fast path.
The Control Processing Module (CPM), a dual processing complex, is the main control center of the
router. It is the control plane manager and makes control decisions that are then passed down to
the IOMs. The CPM functions include system control, centralized routing protocol processing (to
update the IOMs in case of a change), and management.
Section 1 Page 22
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 22
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Control Plane v Data Plane
MDA
FFPC
MDA
FA FA
CPM
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
IOM
FFPC
Switch Fabric
Fabric Access
MDA
FFPC
MDA
FA FA
CPM
IOM
FFPC
Switch Fabric
Control Plane Traffic
Data Plane Traffic
Control Plane and Data Plane
An important principle to understand is the difference between a routers control plane and data plane.
The control plane is responsible for managing functions that include configuration operations, routing
protocols like OSPF and BGP, management interfaces like serial ports, telnet, and SNMP as well as
error handling and logging. The control plane assures the proper operation of the router as configured
by the administrator. Control plane traffic is overhead necessary for correct data plane functionality.
The data plane focuses on the actual data traffic traversing through the network. It collects packets at
the ingress, performs a deep-packet inspection which provides a next-hop decision (distributed in
advance by the control plane) for the packet to egress accordingly. This process, which includes
encapsulation conversion, runs at wire speed.
Packets handled by data plane tasks usually travel through the device (router), while packets handled
by control plane tasks usually originate or terminate at the device.
Section 1 Page 23
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 23
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS-12 System Architecture
IOM 1 IOM 10
Full duplex
system
backplane
1 20
10 I/O Modules
(IOM)
20 Media Dependent
Adapters (MDA)
Flexible Fast Path
Complex
IOM local CPU for
Distributed Control
Plane
CPU
CPU DRAM
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
CPU DRAM
CPU DRAM
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
CPU DRAM
Dual Processing Complex
Two 200 or 400 Gb/s
SF/CPMs

As shown in slide above, the ESS-12 supports up to ten IOMs, each with two MDAs. All of these IOMs are
connected to each other over the full duplex system backplane through the Switch Fabric on the
SF/CPM. Each 400 Gbps Switch Fabric contains 8 switching elements of 50Gbps.
Two SF/CPM Cards provide full control and switching redundancy.
The Fowarding Information Base management is handled on the CPU located on each line card (IOM).
The Route Table Manager is responsible for managing the control plane route table and distributing all
route updates to the IOM CPU via the ICC messaging facilities. The line card (IOM) CPU then updates
the FIB information for all local forwarding complexes. This IOM FIB is essentially a copy of the usable
active routes from the CPMs RTM.
The FIB is stored on the Flexible Fast Path processor. The FFPP provides hardware-accelerated
assistance in the lookup of IP addresses within the FIB
Section 1 Page 24
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 24
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent ESS IOM Components
MDA
1
MDA
2
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
IOM
Control
CPU
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
512 Mb
DRAM
Two 10 Gbps flexible fast path forwarding complexes per IOM, providing 20 Gbps of
throughput
All processing and memory resources reside on the IOM, not the MDAs
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B

The IOM consists of:


1. A Control CPU and memory.
2. Two 10 Gbps Flexible Fast Path complexes, one for each MDA.
3. Two Fabric Access modules that provide access to the Switch Fabric of the SF/CPM.
Section 1 Page 25
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 25
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent ESS IOM Local Processor
Local processor on each IOM:
Controls processing of local L2 and L3 Forwarding Information Bases (FIB) stored on
each IOM
Manages forwarding tables and ACLs stored in each flexible fast path
Assists with local control plane protocol interactions (routing updates and so forth)
MDA
1
MDA
2
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
IOM
Control
CPU
512 Mb
DRAM
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B

The IOM local processor is considered part of the distributed control plane, responsible for controlling
the processes that help forward traffic. The processor is not part of the packet-forwarding path, but
can receive or send data from any source (either 10G complex, from/to fabric, from/to MDA
interface).
The local CPU also manages the MDA ports and channels, gathers statistics and billing data and provides
the CPM with all necessary information on received control plane data over the ingress interfaces.
Section 1 Page 26
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 26
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent ESS IOM Traffic Manager
Egress
TM
NP
NP NP
Ingress
TM
CAM
CAM
Memory
Memory
Memory Memory
Memory
Ingress
Egress
MDA
1
MDA
2
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
IOM
Control
CPU
512 Mb
DRAM
F
A
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Traffic Manager (TM)
Responsible for buffering,
policing, shaping, and other
QoS functionality
Same chipset used on ingress
and egress
8K ingress and egress queues
Per queue counters used
for accounting policies
200 ms buffering at line rate on ingress and
egress
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B

The Flexible Fast Path Complex consists of:


1. The Ingress and Egress Traffic Manager (TM) with memory.
2. Three network processors:
One for the egress TM (two on egress for IOM2-20G)
Two for the ingress TM (with Content Addressable Memory (CAM))
The traffic manager has three main functions:
Receive packet fragments from the MDA for multiple streams and re-assembles these into frames
Implement QoS policies
Pull scheduled frames from buffer memory, segment them into cells and output them; this is done
twice within the Flexible Fast Path, once in the ingress role where the MDA sources frame
fragments and the TM outputs fabric cells and again in the egress where the fabric sources cells
and the TM outputs packet fragments to the MDA.
Section 1 Page 27
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 27
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Alcatel-Lucent ESS IOM Network Processors
Egress
TM
NP
NP NP
Ingress
TM
CAM
CAM
Memory
Memory
Memory Memory
Memory
Network Processors
Alcatel-Lucent custom-built processor
Responsible for:
Packet classification
L2 and L3 FIB lookups
ACL lookups
Firmware upgradeable:
New features are added easily and
dont require hardware replacement
or new chip designs
Can be combined serially, to increase
processing power (eg. IOM ingress)
Ingress
Egress
MDA
1
MDA
2
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
IOM
Control
CPU
512 Mb
DRAM
F
A
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B

The Network Processor (NP) performs all of the QoS classification, destination determination,
encapsulation and ACL filter processing. It is completely programmable so modifications to any
supported forwarding standard can be accomplished with a firmware upgrade.
The network processor supports external Content Addressable Memory (CAM) for storing ACLs and other
data. It also supports external memory for storing search trees, statistics, and other data. Network
processors can be stacked serially to increase the amount of processing that can be performed, and
therefore the feature set that can be supported. The ingress uses two network processors stacked
serially. The first NP in the chain does its processing and forwards the frame together with its results
to the next NP in the chain. Egress processing is normally less intensive than ingress processing so only
one NP is required at the egress.
Section 1 Page 28
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 28
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Flexible Fast Path Complex Fabric Access
Egress
TM
NP
NP NP
Ingress
TM
CAM
CAM
Memory
Memory
Memory Memory
Memory
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
Switch fabric access:
Provides interconnection between
flexible fast path complexes and
each switch fabric
Fabric access chip has 16 full duplex
serial ports, allowing connection to
every switch fabric element (up to 8
on each SF/CPM card)
Provides virtual output queues (VOQ)
for switch fabric access
Ingress
Egress
MDA
1
MDA
2
IOM
Control
CPU
512 Mb
DRAM
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
To Fabric A
To Fabric B

The fabric access device (FA) connects the Flexible FastPath complexes to the switch fabric.
Each SF/CPM has up to eight Switching Elements and there could be two SF/CPM cards in a chassis. The
FA device uses 16 serial full duplex ports to connect to a possible 16 switching elements. The FA
device evenly spreads the load around all links and switches traffic around failed links.
Section 1 Page 29
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 29
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
IOM Architecture & Packet Flow
M
D
A
MAC
MAC
Switch Fabric A
TM
NP NP
NP
TM
NP
Switch Fabric B
M
D
A
Framer
Framer
TM
TM
NP NP
SE
SE
SE
SE
I/O Module
SF/CPM A
CPU-0
Memory
Fabric
Access
Fabric
Access
CAM
MEM
MEM
CAM
MEM
CAM
MEM
CAM
MEM
MEM
SF/CPM B
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1. Packets arriving on an interface (MDA) are passed to the ingress TM. The TM re-assembles the packets
and pre-classifies the traffic as high or low priority. The TM passes the traffic on to the first ingress
Network Processors (NP).
2. The first ingress NP has access to external CAMs and deep tables for ACL/MAC/IP forwarding
processing. The second ingress NP provides additional processing such the prepending of control
data. NP processing functions include prepending the data with inner control information and a CRC
that is checked on the egress.
3. The fully processed
4. is handed back to the ingress TM. The TM can provide up to 200Ms of buffering memory that is
broken down into a number of queues used for QoS handling. A scheduler sends packets to the Fabric
Access (FA) device according to the configured QoS priorities.
5. Each FA device has 16 serial links connecting it to the switching elements (SE) in the SFs.
6. Each SE acts as a 32 port buffered crossbar which sends information to the FA of the destination
MDA.
7. The FA device on the egress MDA sends egress traffic cells to the egress TM where they are re-
assembled into frames.
8. The egress TM sends the frames to the egress NP. The egress NP returns the frames to the TM after
processing (ACL lookup, encapsulation, QoS policies, CRC check).
9. The TM stores the frames according to priority in their respective queues. A scheduler feeds the
packets to the framer/MAC logic on the MDA, where they are sent out on the correct interface port.
Section 1 Page 30
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 30
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
MDA-XP
MDA-XP
P2
XBridge
XBridge
FP2
IOM3-XP
1 2
3
4
5
6
IOM3-XP Packet Walkthrough (Ingress)
The packet enters the
ingress MDA-XP which
performs the physical
and MAC processing
Packets are sent from the
MDA-XP to the Xbridge in
the form of cells. Cells from
packets entering different
ports are inter-leaved.
P2 rebuilds packet and
begins classification of
the packet
Sent to 2
nd
P2 for
more classification
P2 sends packet to Q2 for
ingress QOS processing
Q2 buffers/drops the
packet then schedules
it based on CIR/PIR &
expedited/best_effort
T2 send cells to
switch fabric
P2
Q2 T2
The Xbridge switches cells to the FP II packet processing complex. Cells enter the FP II at the first P2
asic. This P2 re-assembles the cells into their original packet format. It begins the classification of the
packet using table information derived from the configured services. This determines the subsequent
processing of the packet as it switches through the system and is propagated by pre-pending an
internal header to the packet.
The packet, with its internal header, is forwarded to the second P2 where further classification
processing is performed.
The P2s perform the first aspect of QoS in the form of either a single tier or a two tier hierarchical rate-
limiting function and apply any ingress ACL filters.
The Q2 firstly determines if there is buffer space available to queue the packet, based on a combination
of the CBS, MBS and WRED profiles, together with the enqueuing priority of the packet. The packet is
dropped in the Q2 if either no space is available to buffer it or if it was colored red by the P2s rate-
limiting function; otherwise the packet is placed on the appropriate queue.
The Q2 scheduling algorithm switches the packet, in the form of cells, to the T2 based on the CIR and
PIR settings of the queue and the queues priority (expedited or best effort). This action designates
the packet as either in-profile or out-profile, with respect to the CIR.
The T2 receives the cells from the Q2 and switches them over the links to the switch fabric ascis,
respecting their priority.
Section 1 Page 31
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 31
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
P2 P2
Q2 T2
MDA-XP
25G
MDA-XP
25G
XBridge
XBridge
FP2
IOM3-XP
1
2
3
4
5 6
IOM3-XP Packet Walkthrough (Egress)
Cells returned
by fabric
T2 send cells
to P2
The P2 chips rebuild
packets and builds the
output frame, including
egress QOS re-marking
P2 send packet to Q2 for
egress QOS processing
Q2 buffers/drops the
packet, and schedules
it based on CIR/PIR &
expedited/best_effort
Q2 sends packet to
the Xbridge as cells
Packets are sent from the
Xbridge to the MDA-XP in
the form of cells.
MDA-XP re-assembles
packet, performing
the MAC & physical
functions to send out
appropriate port
There is the possibility that the cells are received out of order with respect to the original packet, the
egress T2 re-constitutes the correct order before sending it on to the first P2
The first P2 re-assembles the cells into their original packet (plus internal header) format and begins
processing the packet in order to build the output frame, including egress QoS re-marking. The first P2
performs any packet replication required at the egress.
The packet, with its internal header, is forwarded to the second P2 which continues building the output
packet. As with the ingress processing, the egress P2s can perform either a single tier or a two tier
hierarchical rate-limiting function and apply any ACL filters.
The Q2 processing is similar to that performed in the ingress path. Firstly the Q2 determines if there is
buffer space available to queue the packet, based on a combination of the CBS, MBS and WRED
profiles, together with the profile state of the packet (in-profile or out-profile). The packet is
dropped in the Q2 if either no space is available to buffer it or if it was colored red by the P2s rate-
limiting function; otherwise the packet is placed on the appropriate queue.
The Q2 scheduling algorithm switches the packet, in the form of cells, to the Xbridge associated with
the egress MDA-XP. This is based on the CIR and PIR settings of the queue and the queues priority
(expedited or best effort). The scheduling may result in additional QOS re-marking depending on the
profile state of the queue.
The Xbridge switches the packet, in the form of cells, to its connected MDA-XP. The egress MDA-XP re-
assembles the cells into the output packet, performing the MAC and physical functions in order to
send the packet out on the appropriate exit port.
Section 1 Page 32
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 32
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Switch to notes view!

The SF/CPM Architecture
The SF/CPM card has two main sections:
Switch fabric
Dual processing complex (DPC)
Switch Fabric
The switch fabric consists of four or eight independent switching elements. The fabric is
available in two versions, 200 Gbps or 400 Gbps, both providing full-duplex switching.
Each switch fabric element connects serially to each IOM slot as well as the DPC of each
SF/CPM.
Each switching element behaves like a standard crossbar switch, that is, it operates as a
non-blocking digital switch providing one cross-connect point for each possible
combination of input and output connection. However, the ESS switching elements are
designed with the added ability to schedule traffic on each egress port independently of
all other ports. This feature is important to operators who want granular control over
ingress to egress port traffic scheduling, enabling them to guarantee traffic rates
between each connection point.
Fabric Redundancy
Each switching element (SE), along with its associated serial links, is totally independent
from all others. On nodes with two SF/CPMs installed , both fully operational fabrics load
share traffic. If a switching element or any of its serial links fail, only traffic passing over
that link or SE at the time of the failure is affected. If an SE or any of its links should fail,
the fabric is only degraded by an amount equal to that SE (50Gbps). In most cases this
will have no effect on traffic flow, as the switching capacity of each fabric equals or
exceeds the total bandwidth required to support all installed IOMs. This allows for
graceful degradation of a switch fabric rather than catastrophic failure.
Dual Processing Complex
The DPC is made up of three main sections:
Dual processing elements.
A flexible fast path complex.
Shared I/O resources.
Section 1 Page 33
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 33
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
SF/CPM Architecture
Under normal operating conditions both Switch Fabrics are load sharing and active.
Initially one CPM is active while the second one is in standby mode.
M
D
A
M
D
A
FRMR
MAC
M
D
A
M
D
A
I/O Module 1
I/O Module 10
FA TM NP
CPU-0 CPU-1
Memory Memory
FA
SF/CPM B
SF/CPM A
FRMR
MAC
MEM
TM NP
Memory Memory
MEM
CPU-0 CPU-1
Dual Processing Complex A
Dual Processing Complex B
10 Gb/s
Complex
Fabric
Access
10 Gb/s
Complex
Fabric
Access
10 Gb/s
Complex
Fabric
Access
10 Gb/s
Complex
Fabric
Access
Switch Fabric A
SE
SE
SE
SE
Switch Fabric B

SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
The SF/CPM consists of:
1. The Switch Fabric with up to 8 Switching Elements (SE)
2. The Fabric Access that connects the SF with the Traffic Manager
3. The Traffic Manager
4. The Network Processor and memory
5. Two CPUs with memory
The dual processing complex is responsible for the systems control plane processing and protocol stacks
and operates as follows:
1. The SEs receive data from the IOMs and forward it to the traffic manager (TM).
2. The traffic manager forwards the data to the network processor (NP). The SF/CPM memory stores the
packets awaiting processing.
3. The network processor pre-processes and prioritizes the packets so that the CPUs process protocol or
time sensitive packets first, followed by less urgent traffic. For example, the SF/CPM prioritizes
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) hello packets over File Transfer Protocol (FTP) traffic,
preserving VRRP integrity.
4. If a Denial of Service (DOS) attack occurs, the NP would most likely place these packets into a low
priority queue. The CPUs would only dedicate limited bandwidth to this queue, and since the queue
will eventually overflow, this traffic will be discarded. The NPs programmable capabilities allow
operators to enhance this mechanism by filtering DOS traffic per customer.
Section 1 Page 34
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 34
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Chassis modes
Note: Chassis mode does not apply to the 7710SR, 7750SR-1, or 7450ESS-1
64K Queues
Scale ARP cache 500k
IOM3-xp
D
2 Network Processors on egress
IPv6
ARP Cache 150K
MAC FIB 192K
VPRN Next Hop Label 128K
IOM2-20g
C
ARP Cache 100K
MAC FIB 128K
VPRN Next Hop Label 16K
ESM, additional counters and routed CO/L3
group interfaces
IOM-20g-b
IOM2-20g
B
Supported for configuration compatibility IOM-20g not supported
IOM-20g-b
A
Features/Scaling IOM Support Chassis
Mode
7450 ESS-6 / ESS-7 / ESS-12

Depending on the chassis type and IOM type, the following modes can be configured:
Chassis Mode A: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom-20g
Chassis Mode B: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom-20g-b
Chassis Mode C: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom2-20g
Chassis Mode D: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom3-xp
When configuring a chassis mode, use Chassis Mode that aligns with the earliest generation of IOM
installed. If the chassis mode is not explicitly provisioned in the configuration file, the chassis will
come up in Mode A by default. In Mode A:
iom-20g-b comes online if provisioned as iom-20g or iom-20g-b
iom2-20g comes online if provisioned as iom-20g, iom-20g-b or iom2-20g
iom-10g comes online if provisioned as iom-10g
iom3-xp comes online if provisioned as iom3-xp
Note All IOMs must be IOM3 in order to configure chassis mode D.
Section 1 Page 35
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 35
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS Ethernet MDAs
200 100 20 10 1000 Mb/s 1000Base FX Ethernet*
200/20 100/10 20/2 10/1 1/10 Gb/s 1-10Gig + 10-1 Gigabit Ethernet
80 40 8 4 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit Ethernet*
400 200 40 20 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet*
ESS-12 ESS-7 SR-1
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
20 16 4 2 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit Ethernet*
10 8 2 1 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit Ethernet
200 100 20 10 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet
100 50 10 5 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet
400 200 40 20 100 Mb/s 100Base FX Ethernet
400 200 40 20 10/100/1000 Mb/s 10/100/1000 TX Ethernet*
1200 600 120 60 10/100 Mb/s 10/100 Ethernet

* MDA Types supported on the IOM3


New in Release 6.1:
10-Port GigE High-Scale MDA Queuing MDA
1000BASE Ethernet MDA which supports 10 pluggable Optical SFPs
Supports up to 20,000 SAPs/Subscribers and up to 8,000 services on the iom2-20g
Extensive on-board queuing and buffering with either service scheduling classes per service on the
7450ESS translating to 160,000 ingress and 160,000 egress queues
The IOM3 supports up to 25G/MDA therefore some MDA Types which are considered to be oversubscribed
on the IOM2 are non-oversubscribed on the IOM3. For example the 2 port, 10 Gigabit Ethernet MDA
Type is non-oversubscribed on the IOM3 and oversubscribed on the IOM2.
Section 1 Page 36
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 36
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS SONET/SDH MDAs
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
ESS-12 ESS-7 ESS-1
320 160 32 16
80 40 8 4
20 10 2 1 10 Gb/s OC-192c/STM-
64c
40 20 4 2 2.48 Gb/s OC-48c/STM-16c
320 160 32 16
160 80 16 8 622 Mb/s OC-12c/STM-4c
160 80 16 8 155 Mb/s OC-3c/STM-1c

Section 1 Page 37
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 37
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS Channelized MDAs
OC-12c/STM-4
2 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC -
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC -
OC-3c/STM-1
- - - Co-axial -
DS-3/E-3
20 10 2 1 622 Mb/s OC-12c/STM-4
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s OC-3c/STM-1
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/S-4.2
80 40 8 4 DS-3/E-3
240 120 24 12
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
ESS-12 ESS-7 ESS-1

Section 1 Page 38
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 38
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS Circuit Emulation Services (CES) MDA
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC -
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
20 10 2 1 155 Mb/s OC-3/STM-1
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
ESS-12 ESS-7 ESS-1

Section 1 Page 39
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 39
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS ATM MDA
Range Wavelength Fiber
Type
Connector Sub-Type
OC-12c/STM-4
2 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC -
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC ESS-1/I-4
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s
and
622 Mb/s
OC-3c/STM-1
and
OC-12c/STM-4
OC-3/STM-1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/I-1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC ESS-0
OC-3c/STM-1
85Km/80Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/L-4.2
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s
Ports per 7450 ESS Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
ESS-12 ESS-7 ESS-1

Section 1 Page 40
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 40
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS Ethernet SFP Types
100 m Copper Copper VHDCI/RJ-21 TX 10/100Base
70 Km 1470-1610 nm Singlemode SFP-LC CWDM
120 Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC EZX
70 Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC ZX
40 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC EX
Rx: 1310 nm
Tx: 1490 nm BX10-D
Rx: 1490 nm
10 Km Tx: 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC BX10-U
10 Km 1310 nm Multimode &
Singlemode
SFP-LC LX
550 m 850 nm Multimode SFP-LC SX
100 m Copper Copper SFP-RJ-45 TX 1000Base
40 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC EX
25 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC FX-SM
Rx: 1310 nm
Tx: 1550 nm BX10-D
Rx: 1550 nm
10 Km Tx: 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC BX10-U
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC FX 100Base
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type

Section 1 Page 41
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 41
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS Ethernet SFP Types (cont)
80 Km 1550 nm Singlemode XFP-LC ZR
40 Km 1550 nm Singlemode XFP-LC ER
10 Km 1310 nm Singlemode XFP-LC LR
300 m 850 nm Multimode XFP-LC ESS
80 Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC ZW/ZR
40 Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC EW/ER
10 Km 1310 nm Singlemode Simplex SC LW/LR 10GBase
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type

Section 1 Page 42
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 42
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450ESS SONET/SDH SFP Types
40Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC IR-2/S-64.2b
7Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode Simplex SC ESS-1/I-64.1 OC-192c/STM-64
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/L-16.2
42Km/15Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-2/S-16.2
OC-48c/STM-16
80 Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC LR-2/L-64.2
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-16.1
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC ESS-1/I-16
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/L-4.2
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC ESS-1/I-4
500 m 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC - OC-12c/STM-4
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC - OC-3c/STM-1
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type

Section 1 Page 43
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 43
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
SFPs
Features:
Cost Effective or replace single module instead of an entire board
Hot-swappable
Only the required SFPs need to be installed
Mix and match different types on a single MDA
SFPs are customer replaceable
Large choice of optical media

Small Form Factor Pluggable Interfaces


Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) transceivers are small optical modules available in a variety of
formats.
Alcatel-Lucent strongly recommends the use of SFPs that are tested and verified by Alcatel-Lucent.
Alcatel-Lucent programs its SFPs with the optics type and part number. This enables an operator to
easily determine the SFP type and replacement part number when troubleshooting.
Section 1 Page 44
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
44 44 44
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 44
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Media Dependent Adapters (MDAs) and Integrated Service Adapters (ISAs)
High Scale-MDA
10-Port GigE
1-Port 10 GigE*
44 | 7450 ESS Overview | June 2009
MDA-XP Ethernet MDAs
10-port GigE (SFP)*
20-port GigE (SFP)
20-Port 10/100/1000BASE-TX
1-port 10 GigE (XFP)*
2-port 10 GigE (XFP)
4-Port 10 GigE (XFP)
Ethernet MDAs
1-Port 10GigE (SC)
1-port 10GigE (XFP)
2-port 10GigE (XFP)
10-port GigE (SFP)
20-port GigE (SFP)
60-port 10/100BASE-TX
20-port 100BASE-FX
20-port 10/100/1000BASE-TX
1-port 10 GigE + 10-port GigE
Combo MDA (XFP/SFP)
Packet over SONET/SDH MDAs
2 x OC-48/STM-16
4 x OC-48/STM-16
8 x OC-12/STM-4 or OC-3/STM-1
16 x OC-12/STM-4 or OC-3/STM-1
8 x OC-3/STM-1
16 x OC-3/STM-1
Tunable 10 GigE MDA
1-port 10GigE MDA with tunable
optics*
ISAs
Application Assurance-ISA
Video-ISA*
Versatile Services Module (VSM)
Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS Interface Adapters
*Newly supported in 7.0
Section 1 Page 45
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
45 45 45
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 45
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
7450 ESS Service Scalability Summary
Concurrent VPN Services Scale
Carrier Ethernet E-Line (VLL), E-LAN (VPLS)
Ethernet pseudowires
Business data, Internet, voice, video
Any service over any port
Customer Scale
Concurrent L2/L3 customers
Up to 48K VPWS (VLL) instances
Up to 8K VPLS instances
Up to 5K IES
Bandwidth Scale
Terabit switching and routing
performance
Portfolio of product options
Superior GE and 10GE port
density
True 40 Gigabit support
A wide range of Ethernet and
PoS interfaces
Carrier Ethernet Services Scale
Multi-point, point-to-point & routed multi-point topologies
IP/MPLS removes STP reach & size limitations
H-VPLS and multi-segment PWs provides further service scale
PBB and MPLS/VPLS integration improves reach & MAC addressing
Seamless reach over metro, national and international geographies
Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS
Section 1 Page 46
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 46
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Specialized MDAs
Section 1 Page 47
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 47
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Versatile Service Module (VSM) MDA
Used to interconnect Ethernet encapsulated services on same router, such as a
VPLS or VLL into an IES or VPRN service
The complete 10 Gbps forwarding path is available, supporting an aggregate of up to
10 Gbps half-duplex
Maintains egress and ingress features of the services it is interconnecting, including:
The ability to remap QoS
The ability to enforce policing and shaping
Accounting for each service.
Multiple VSMs incrementally increase the interconnecting bandwidth and provide load
sharing/fault tolerance

VSM Features
The interconnect function is performed internally, eliminating the need for the physical port MAC, PHY,
cable and other MDA specific components producing a more reliable adaptor.
Bandwidth is utilized in a more efficient manner than with externally cabled ports - since the VSM is
forwarding all services over the same path, all the available bandwidth may be used up to the 10 Gbps
(half duplex) capability.
Section 1 Page 48
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 48
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Ing
Q
Egr
Q
MDA
P P CAM
P CAM
T
Ing
Port
Egr
Port
Ing
Q
Egr
Q
CCA
P P CAM
P CAM
T
Swit ch
Fabr ic
Standard
Forwarding Path
(without CCA
extension)
Extended
Forwarding Path
Through CCA
Cross
Connect
Adaptor
VSM Cross Connect Adaptor (CCA)
This slide shows the data flow for a single Versatile Services Module (VSM) (or vsm-cca in the CLI). When
multiple VSMs are installed, the cross connect traffic can be distributed across the VSMs. The VSMs can
be spread across IOMs. Each VSM support 10 Gbps of half-duplex service interconnect traffic.
The VSM can be used to interconnect services with Ethernet encapsulations (e.g. no Frame Relay or ATM
encapsulated SAPs)
Section 1 Page 49
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 49
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Cross Connect Aggregation Group (CCAG)
VSM-CCA
Tx Rx
CCAG
VSM-CCA
Tx Rx
VSM-CCA
Tx Rx
The CCAG dynamically
distributes traffic load
based on conversation
hashing
Each CCA may be
dynamically added or
removed fromthe CCAG.
The conversation hash on
the CCAG distributes
conversations over active
VSMs
CCAG - Cross Connect Aggregation Group
Provides a mechanism to aggregate multiple CCAs into a single forwarding group. The CCAG uses
conversation hashing to dynamically distribute cross connect traffic to the active VSMs in the
aggregation group. In the event an active VSM fails or is removed from the group, the conversation
hashing function will redistribute the traffic over the remaining active VSMs within the group.
Section 1 Page 50
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 50
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Cross Connect Identifier (CCID)
Binding point for services and IP interfaces for a CCAG
Interconnected services are assigned the same CCID
Ingress and egress QoS, filtering and accounting policies are
assigned to the CCID
CCID Cross Connect Identifier
Services and IP interfaces are bound to a CCAG through a CCID (Cross Connect Identifier). When two
services or a service and an IP interface are assigned the same CCID, the CCAG will attempt to provide
a crosss connection path between the objects. The CCID enables multiple pairs of cross connected
services to share the same CCAG.
From a services perspective, a CCID is an object that not only binds two services together, but also
provides the attachment point for the ingress and egress QoS, filtering and accounting policies. When
considered in conjunction with the CCAG, it allows the actual cross connection path (through the
VSMs) to be indirectly associated with the services using the CCAG and maintains a simplified
provisioning model over port level cross connected services.
Section 1 Page 51
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
51 51
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 51
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
High-Scale MDA (HS-MDA)
The HSMDA moves service and subscriber-level ingress and egress QoS
functions off the host IOM Flexible Fast Path forwarding plane on to the
MDA
Highly Scalable Queuing
160k ingress, 160K egress per HSMDA
Higher Subscriber Densities
Legacy HSI subscriber migration (BRAS replacement)
Queues
Subscribers
S
e
r
v
i
c
e

C
l
a
s
s
e
s
1
8
0 20K 8K
4
MDA
160K
8k
HS MDA
(7750 SR)
HS MDA
(7450 ESS)
The queues are configured in groups of eight supporting a maximum of 20K on the 7750 SR and 8K on the 7450 ESS subscriber
contexts. The addition of the ingress packet classification and queues allows for the QoS classification and service-level queuing
to reside on the MDA itself as opposed to the service queuing performed on the host Flexible Fast Path.
The up to 160,000 queues are grouped into sets of eight queues each (up to 20,000 on the 7750 SR). A set of eight queues is called
a queue group. Each queue within a group has an implicit scheduling class association. Queue groups are dynamically mapped to
egress ports on an as needed basis.
Individual queues are also mapped to 1 of 64 secondary egress shapers. A secondary egress shaper represents an egress
intermediate destination (like a DSLAM or GPON OLT). In this case, all queues within the same queue group are mapped to the
same intermediate destination.
10 x 1GE HS-MDA:
64k subscriber hosts/system
20k subscriber or SAPs/HS-MDA
up to 32k subscriber hosts/HS-MDA
Triple play subscriber density (Routed RGW)
20,000 triple play subscribers/MDA
with 8 queues/subscribers each !!
Up to 500k average bandwidth per subscriber
What application aspects are addressed ?
High density subscriber aggregation (e.g., legacy HSI)
Scaling subscribers and/or services means scaling queues
160k queues in ingress and egress direction
Queues are grouped in sets of 8
Support of up-to 20k subscribers or 20k saps per MDA
Secondary-shaper level aggregate-rate-limit (egress only)
Section 1 Page 52
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
52 52 52 52
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 52
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
High Scale Media Dependant Adapter
(HS-MDA)
Provides the scale, density and granularity required for very la Provides the scale, density and granularity required for very large rge- -
scale deployments of legacy and emerging services scale deployments of legacy and emerging services
Optimizes resources for services engineered for oversubscription and
low average bandwidth
Enables legacy HSI subscriber migration over Next Gen. Carrier
Ethernet service edge, thereby consolidating legacy HSI services and
subscriber authentication (BRAS replacement & strategic IPoE/DHCP
migration)
Embrace emerging service requirements for mass market residential,
business and mobile services, including those delivered with the AA-
ISA (which provides granular per-application policy enforcement)
Increased Subscriber Scale supports up to 20k subscribers per HS-MDA
Increased Queuing Density 160k ingress and 160k egress queues per HS-MDA
Increased Service Granularity 8 queues and 8 separate scheduling classes per
subscriber
Optimizes performance for delivering packet services engineered with high
statistical gain at the unified Carrier Ethernet service edge
1 x 10GigE HS-MDA (XFP)
10 x GigE HS-MDA (SFP)
52 | 7450 ESS Overview | June 2009
Section 1 Page 53
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 53
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
HS-MDA - Ingress QoS Model
SAP
/
Subscr.
shaper.
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-8
SAP
/
Subscr.
shaper.
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-8
SAP
/
Subscr.
shaper.
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-8
Ingress
scheduler
Switch
Dest.-1
(Expedited)
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-3
Queue-4
Switch
Dest.-1
(non-Exp.)
Queue-5
Queue-6
Queue-7
Queue-8
Switch
Dest.-21
(Expedited)
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-3
Queue-4
Switch
Dest.-21
(non-Exp.)
Queue-5
Queue-6
Queue-7
Queue-8
MDA-IOM inf
Switch Inf
Service queuing on HS-MDA Switch fabric VOQ queuing on IOM
Forwarding for each egress port on the HSMDA is managed by a port-based scheduler. Each port based
scheduler maintains a maximum of eight strict forwarding levels. Strict level 8 is the highest priority
while strict level 1 is the lowest. There are also eight scheduling classes that contain each of the
queues assigned to the port scheduler.
To allow for weighted servicing of selected scheduling classes, the port scheduler allows for two
weighted groups to be optionally created (Weighted-Group-1 and Weighted-Group-2) and each may be
populated with up to three consecutive scheduling classes. The group itself maps to the highest
inherent strict scheduling level of its member scheduling classes. Each scheduling class in a scheduling
group are individually weighted which allows for all queues represented by the class to be serviced
according to the ratio of weights based on the active classes in the group.
The port-based scheduler supports a port-based shaper used for creating a sub-rate condition on the
egress port. Each individual strict scheduling level may also be configured with a shaping rate used to
limit the amount of bandwidth allowed for that strict level. In all, shaping PIRs may be defined at the
following points in the queuing and scheduling architecture:
Per Port Shaper
Per Strict Level Shaper
Intermediate Destination Shaper (Egress)
Scheduling Sub-Class Shaper (Ingress)
Per Queue-Group Shaper
Per Queue Shaper
Section 1 Page 54
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 54
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
HS-MDA - Egress QoS Model
SAP
/
Subscr.
Shaper.
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-8
Port
1..10
MDA-IOM inf
Service queuing on HS-MDA
MDA VOQ queuing on IOM
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-3
Queue-4
expedited
non-Exp.
Queue-5
Queue-6
Queue-7
Queue-8
Non-exp.
Switch inf
DSLAM
1
DSLAM
2
SAP
/
Subscr.
Shaper.
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-8
SAP
/
Subscr.
Shaper.
Queue-1
Queue-2
Queue-8
Intermediate secondary shaping on DSLAM IDs
to avoid 2nd mile packet loss
QoS marking on egress is supported
The egress side of the HSMDA relies on the existing egress Flexible Fast Path to map egress packets to
the HSMDA egress queues.
Section 1 Page 55
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 55
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
10GE MDA with Tunable Optics
10GE Interface with Tunable Optics
Elimination of external transponder & interconnection equipment costs
Optimized physical plant usage (space, power)
Reduction of sparing costs and overhead: Disparate wavelengths at multiple
locations
Improved reliability
10 GbE DWDM wavelength XFPs
100GHz ITU Grid, C-Band
80km reach
Available now
Single wavelength DWDM XFP
10GE MDA with Tunable Optics
Tunable 10GigE MDA:
Allows the 7450 ESS to be interconnected directly to existing DWDM systems
Eliminates the need for external transponders, reducing cost and complexity
Provides operators increased flexibility and efficiency in the use of DWDM wavelength
Used in transport of 10GigE across optical transport infrastructure, reaching at least 80km without
requiring optical signal amplification or dispersion compensation
The 10GigE Media Dependent Adapter (MDA) with tunable optics enables software selection of
wavelengths when interconnecting the Alcatel-Lucent 7450 ESS with DWDM transport equipment. It
enables the service router to interconnect directly with DWDM systems, eliminating the need for
external optical transponder shelves and reducing the complexity of sparing and configuration.
Note: Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is a fiber-optic transmission technique that
increases the capacity of embedded fiber by first assigning incoming optical signals to specific
frequencies (wavelength, lambda) within a designated frequency band and then multiplexing the
resulting signals out onto one fiber
55
Section 1 Page 56
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
56
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 56
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
* Note: H/W capable, supported in a future release
10GE Interface with Tunable Optics enables
Integration of transponders on the router interface
Reduction in space & power requirements
Optimization of sparing costs and logistics
Improved physical layer consolidation
G.709 FEC & EFEC enable extended reach
Enables superior resiliency compared to transponder based
solutions
WaveTracker provides visibility across the 7450 ESS and DWDM
optical transmission layer domains *
10GE MDA with Tunable Optics: DWDM Integration
10 GbE DWDM
wavelength XFPs
100GHz ITU Grid, C-Band
80km reach
Available now for use on
10GigE Ethernet MDAs
Single wavelength
DWDM XFP
DWDM
Integration
Tunable DWDM
Integrated G-FEC/E-FEC
10G Ethernet Interfaces
80km Native
600Km+ with Amps
56 | 7450 ESS Overview | June 2009
E
t
h
e
r
n
e
t
Long Haul
Optical
Tunable DWDM
or Single Wave DWDM XFP
ROADM 7450 ESS
Optical Optical
56
Section 1 Page 57
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 57
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Service Router Tunable Optics Integration
E
t
h
e
r
n
e
t
E
t
h
e
r
n
e
t
Long Haul
Optical
Transponders
Optical Optical
BEFORE
E
t
h
e
r
n
e
t
E
t
h
e
r
n
e
t
Long Haul
Optical
Tunable DWDM XFP
(Integrated Transponders)
Optical Optical
AFTER
ROADM
ROADM
7450/7750 7450/7750
7450/7750
7450/7750
Traditionally routers hand off what are called black & white or grey optical interfaces,
typically at 1310nm or 1550nm, to the optical transport infrastructure. External transponders are
used to map these interfaces to appropriate colors (or wavelengths of light) within the ITU C-band
and hand off to optical cross connects or ROADM platforms. This is shown in the BEFORE
diagram above.
Over the past couple of years, colored DWDM XFPs have also become available on router platforms.
These XFPs hand off a colored interface, but of course are limited to their given wavelength or
single color. The 7450 ESS and 7750 SR platforms also support colored DWDM XFPs (see picture on
next slide bottom right). While these XFPs are beneficial in certain configurations, they carry a
significant sparing and logistics burden as spares for each color need to be maintained at each
site. The coordination of wavelengths across metros can also not be dynamically adjusted which
makes management cumbersome and the solution somewhat expensive to administer.
With the introduction of tunable optics, such as the 1-port 10GE MDA we are introducing in Rel7,
there are significant benefits The external transponder is no longer needed, which saves cost,
power and space for the operator. The interface can be tuned dynamically to any of 89
wavelengths (50Ghz spacing) across the ITU C-band. The service router or ESS can be connected
directly to the ROADM using a colored interface. And the sparing challenges go away as well. No
longer do individual spares of every color need to be maintained at each site, as a single tunable
MDA spare can fill in for any of the other modules and be programmed to the appropriate
wavelength.
This greatly simplifies the interconnection of routers to the metro access rings.
57
Section 1 Page 58
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 58
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Integrated Service Adapters (ISA)
Section 1 Page 59
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
59
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 59
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Extending the Service Router with Application Enablers
Lower Complexity Avoid proliferation of dedicated point solutions
Easy Deployment Plug and play
Fully integrated Integrates with SR OS, subscriber & policy management
Minimal footprint As little as 5% of chassis real estate (ESS-12 and SR-12)
Linear Scalability Dedicated on-board processing resources on each ISA
Its Green! Leverages existing power/cooling resources
Access
Port
SAP
.
.
.
SAP
SAP
Network
Port
SDP
.
.
.
SDP
SDP
IOM + MDA IOM + MDA
Switch Fabric
Integrated
Service
Adapter
7750 SR
AA-ISA
IPSec-ISA
Video-ISA
ISA
7450 ESS
Integrated Service Adapters (ISA) extend the level of intelligence of the industry-leading Alcatel-Lucent
7750 SR platform by virtualizing advanced service capabilities into a single, unified IP/MPLS service
edge.
These adapters provide purpose-built, extended functionality to the Service Router enabling deeper
levels of service capabilities that otherwise would require external dedicated network attached
appliances.
Section 1 Page 60
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
60
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 60
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Application Assurance Integrated Services Adapter
Up to 10 Gb/s deep packet inspection & application recognition
Fully integrated with SR OS for unified subscriber management
Up to 40k subscribers per-module with granular bandwidth shaping,
policing & prioritization
Per-subscriber reporting and accounting
Half-Slot adapter compatible with IOM-2
Application
Service
Options
Protocol
Signatures
App - filters
Applications
Application
Group
Application
QoS Policies
Application
Profile
Subscriber ID
Application Assurance, coupled with dynamic subscriber policy control enables any broadband network
to provide application-based subscriber management for one-line access. For service providers, the
results can provide:
Content control over varieties of service
Control over network costs incurred by various uses of HSI
Complementary security aspects to the existing network security
Improved quality of service (QoS) sophistication and granularity of the network
The ability to understand and apply policy control on the transactions traversing the network
Note: iPipe support planned for the future; currently no plans for A-pipe, Cpipe, F-pipe.
Section 1 Page 61
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 61
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
GE
IP VPN
CIR = 30 Mb/s
PIR = 30 Mb/s
Voice (EF)
Video (EF)
HSI (BE)
Business Data (AF2)
GigE
CPE
GE
IP VPN
CIR = 30 Mb/s
PIR = 30 Mb/s
Voice (EF)
Video (EF)
HSI (BE)
Business Data (AF2)
GigE
CPE
Service Aware VPN

SAP
Video conferencing
Email
CIFS
Citrix
Remote access
Oracle
HTTP
YouTube
IM
Web Browse
E-Learning
Upgrade
to AA-ISA
VoIP
Streaming video
File Transfer
Scavenger apps
Application Aware VPN
Private
Corporate
Application Identification
7750 SR/ 7450 ESS
7750 SR/ 7450 ESS
Leveraging the AA-ISA for assured
delivery of business VPN service
Moving to Application Aware VPNs the deliverables will naturally support all of the above network
based service deliverables plus (either pre site or VPN wide);
Application Identification (whats running on the network)
Application Reporting for both application traffic mix statistics and problem
identification/localization of application performance
Application Assurance to allow per application fine tuning to either optimize the performance of
the application or to protect it from other applications within the service class
Through this advanced level of visibility, the CIO can now make a more informed decision into the
performance of the applications within the enterprise and identify what portions are attributable
to the network and what is attributable to the application itself.
Section 1 Page 62
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
62 62
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 62
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
AA-ISA logically
hairpinned
Application Assurance on selected services
Switch fabric
Access
port
SAP
SAP
SAP
Network
port
Service with AA divert NOT enabled
Service with AA divert enabled: BE FC
(green) diverted, the rest (blue) not
Divert-AA IOM Divert-AA IOM
Apply ingress marking as per
ingress QoS policy
1
SDP
SDP
SDP
For AA enabled SAP, divert
selected FC
2
For non-AA enabled SAP, apply
application-blind SAP Ingress
QoS policy
3
Processing Ingress:
1. Apply SAP FC marking as per SAP Ingress QoS Policy
2. Divert only system-selected FC (s) and only for SAPs with AA enabled (App Profile) to IOM hosting AA-
ISA (Ingress FWD decision preserved). All other traffic is not affected.
3. AA-ISA modeled as another destination (VoQ) with separate per SAP service queues (if required by
service) to guarantee preservation of the SAP Ingress QoS policy
4. Apply application-blind SAP Ingress QoS policy
Processing Egress:
1. Normal processing applies. But Egress QoS Policies are application-aware based on AA processing
Section 1 Page 63
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
63
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 63
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Application assurance engine: AA policy enforcer
Operator customizable per app policy for any business application
7x50
ingress
App IDd?
Flow application
identification
Yes
Policy
enforcement
and statistics
7x50 SAP
7x50
egress
SAP
Application Profile
Application
QoS
Policy (AQP)
Rules
Apply AA
Applications:
IP protocol #
TCP/UDP well-known ports
DPI signatures
Server IP, port
HTTP strings
etc.
AA-ISA
Application
statistics
No AA
Policer
templates
No. ID
the flow
Section 1 Page 64
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
64
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 64
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
AA-ISA: Hardware Support
Support 7750 7450
Platform SR7/12 ESS6/7/12
Carrier IOM iom-20g-b
iom2-20g
(IOM3 target 7.0R4)
iom-20g-b
(IOM3 target 7.0R4)
Chassis mode b,c b,c
# cards 7 active +
1 backup
7 active +
1 backup
I/O MDA
Carrier IOM
I/O
ports
Fabric
Application
assurance
CPU
DRAM ISA-AA RLDRAM
10 Gb/s
10 Gb/s
datapath
Line card processor
10 Gb/s
datapath
AA-ISA occupying a single MDA slot
Supported in 7450 ESS6, ESS7, ESS12; 7750 SR7, SR12
Enhances IOM QoS with application awareness
3 million flows, 40K subscribers, 20 uS max latency (100 for new flows), no jitter, up to 10 Gb/s IMIX
analysis, 1.3 M policers
Recommendation:
1 ISA-AA per IOM but not a hard limit
Section 1 Page 65
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
65 65
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 65
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Multiple AA-ISA support and N+1 redundancy
N+1 redundancy, 7 active AA-ISAs max
Extension from 1+1 redundancy available in Release 6.0
Max 1 backup in Release 7
Per group monitoring, reporting and accounting
Subscriber load balancing across ISAs based on:
Mapping of configurable application service attribute (ASA) to ISA
For example, an ASA can represent a DSLAM ID
Subscriber source/destination IP hash
AA-Group1
backup
A
A
-
I
S
A
AA-Group1
primary
AA-Group1
primary
AA-Group1
primary
A
A
-
I
S
A
A
A
-
I
S
A
A
A
-
I
S
A
Section 1 Page 66
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
66
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 66
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
DSL,
GPON
BSA
BSR/BNG
IP/MPLS
Corporate
HQ
100,000 Subs 10,000 Subs 200 Subs
Video
Office
Centralized Servers
(FCC, RET, VOD)
PE
Peering
BSA
Access
Node
AA-ISA
AA-ISA
AA-ISA
AA-ISA
CE
Internet
Enhanced Scalability
Up to 7 active AA-ISA per system
7-fold increase of AA scaling:
up to 70G of IMIX analysis
128K AA-subscribers
N+1 redundancy option
Transparent Mode
Allow AA deployment for non-ESM cases
Divert linked to SAPs
Deployment scenarios:
IES, IPVPN, VPLS and E-Pipe business services
peering point or wire-transit transparent mode
AA at BSA level
ESM Rel 6.0
Non-ESM Rel 7.0)
ESM Rel 6.0
Non-ESM Rel 7.0
Business Services
(Release 7.0)
AA at transit or
Peering Points
Release 7.0
AA at BNG level
ESM Rel 6.0
Non-ESM Rel 7.0
Application Assurance: Release 7.0 Platform Enhancements
AA-ISA scans Internet traffic and marks specified, per subscriber application flows for extraction into an
SLA-managed online service queue
AA-ISA available for:
Broadband Service Aggregator (BSA) = 7450 ESS
Broadband Service Router (BSR) = 7750 SR
Section 1 Page 67
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
67
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 67
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
GigE
Web-based application prioritization with protocol
signatures and pattern matching
HSI traffic is
classified as best
effort
E-Learning via the
web needs more than
best effort
Internet-based
applications have
common protocol
signature (HTTP)
HSI traffic terminated
on the 7750 SR
E-learning traffic
needs to be assigned
a higher priority to
meet the Enterprise
SLA
E-Learning is
currently assigned to
Priority 0 (P0)
P0 HSI traffic is diverted to the
AA-ISA
AA-ISA identifies E-Learning
based on its protocol signature
and stateful pattern matching
(HTTP String match)
A policy is defined to ensure any
changes in the network do not
affect prioritization of E-Learning
AA-ISA remarks
E-Learning
traffic from P0
to P2
Leaves other P0
HSI traffic alone
Internet
E-Learning
Branch
Voice (P5)
Video (P4)
HSI (P0)
Business data (P2)
IP VPN
CIR = 30 Mb/s
PIR = 30 Mb/s
Internet business
applications
IP/MPLS service aggregation
and edge (7450 or 7750)
Divert BE (P0)
Branch
E-Learning P2
IM P0
Web browsing P0
YouTube P0
A
A
-
I
S
A
A
A
-
I
S
A
Do not need to touch the config every time applications with common port id are added e.g E-Learning
via the web which needs mote then best effort.
Does not depend on new servers being added as the AA-ISA identifies at L4 to L7 and does not need to
match to an IP address
Section 1 Page 68
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 68
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Video ISA - Integrated Network-Based Video Delivery
MDA form-factor Integrated Service Adaptor
Supported on both 7450 ESS and 7750 SR
Version for Ad insertion
Intial focus on Local Ad insertion, evolving to Targeted Ad insertion
Version for RET and FCC
FCC/RET caching for > 1000 channels
Up to 10Gbps egress capacity
Multiple ISAs can be clustered in a 7x50
Video ISA
Provides enhanced linear TV service using integrated support for FCC and retransmission
Enables IPTV providers to realize new revenue streams at a reduced cost by providing integrated
local/zoned ad insertion
Section 1 Page 69
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 69
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Video-ISA Hardware Overview
The Video-ISA is an advanced Network Processor (NP) based integrated
blade
Each Video-ISA acts as a virtual node with distributed and dedicated
resources
Up to 8 Video ISAs supported per chassis in up to 4 Video Groups for
resiliency
Carrier IOM
7
x
5
0

F
a
b
r
i
c
I/O MDA
NP
MIP Cores
DRAM
V
i
d
e
o
-
I
S
A
RLDRAM
20GDatapath
(10GDuplex)
10G
20GDatapath
(10GDuplex)
Supports RET and FCC stats for network health monitoring
Licensed in 3 Tiers: RET, RET/FCC, and Local Ad Insertion (LAI)*
Section 1 Page 70
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
70
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 70
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Video ISA
Assured Linear TV Delivery
Intelligently distribute and
integrate RET/FCC functionality
Circular
Buffer
Dramatically Reduce Infrastructure and Operating
Costs
Increase Performance and Scalability of RET/FCC
Support Flexible Deployment Options
Standards-Based Solution
Middleware Independent
Option for the 5910 Video
Service Appliance
(Standalone)
5910 RET/FCC STB
SW Client
5910 RTP Re-
Wrapper
7450 ESS
7750 SR
Video-ISA
IP/MPLS
De-Centralizing and Integrating RET/FCC Functions into the TPSDA Network
Section 1 Page 71
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
71
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 71
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Video ISA
Local Ad Insertion and Zoned Ad Insertion
Empower IPTV providers to generate additional advertising revenue
Improve the targeting granularity of existing TV ads from National to
Local Demographic Market Areas (DMAs)
Provide exact TV and ad viewing measurement adding huge value for the
advertiser
Fully compatible with a MS Mediaroom environment
7450 ESS
7750 SR
IP/MPLS
MS Servers
Ad Server
7330 ISAM
BSAN
BSA
BSR
Seamless Ad Splicing integrated in a MS Mediaroom Environment
Video-ISA
Section 1 Page 72
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
72
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 72
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
Video ISA Solutions Summary
* Supports emerging DVB & IETF-based standards (RTP/RTCP). If the 7x50s integrated,
network-based solution is not appropriate, offer the standalone 5910 Video Services Appliance
Local
Ad Insertion
Local Ad Insertion
Assured Linear
TV Deliver
Fast Channel Change
Reliable Delivery
Integrated solution for existing MS
Mediaroom environments
Operates in a MS Mediaroom Environment
(between the AServer and DServer)
Seamlessly Splices Ads using Transport
Stream splicing into multicast streams as
per direction of Ad Server
Integrated solution for IP TV delivery, non-
Mediaroom environments
Ingests IPTV multicast TV streams
Dynamically caches video content from
multicast TV channels
Uses standardized RTCP control channel
to respond to STB clients RET or FCC
requests
Section 1 Page 73
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 73
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware
End of Module
Hardware Overview
Section 1 Page 74
All Rights Reserved 2009, Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008
7450 Hardware 1 0 74
7450 Ethernet Service Switch
Hardware