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accident

is an unplanned process of events that leads to undesired injury,


loss of life, damage to the system or the environment.
Safety
is the condition of being protected against failure, breakage,
error, accidents, or harm. Protection involves here both
causing and exposure.
Engineering
is the application of scientific and mathematical principles to practical
ends such as the design, manufacture, and operation of efficient and
economical structures, machines, processes, and systems.

Safety Engineering


the planning, development, improvement, coordination and
evaluation of the safety component of integrated systems of
people, materials, equipment and environments to achieve
optimum safety effectiveness in terms of protection of
people and property.


Management commitment and employee involvement

-Assign and communicate responsibility for all aspects of the program


Management commitment and employee involvement

-Review program operations at least annually, to evaluate, identify deficiencies,
and revise, as needed










Worksite analysis

Provide for regular site safety and health inspections

Hazard prevention and control
Engineering techniques




Safety and health training


Addresses the safety and health responsibilities of all personnel,
whether salaried or hourly.

Hazard

is a condition that can cause injury or death to or loss of
equipment or property, or environmental harm.


Health hazards:

- Conditions that can cause diseases or illness.


Safety hazards:
- These may result in injury.


Confined space

- poisoning
Acetic Acid
Question: Acid in vinegar?





Direct and proximate cause of accidents (choose 3 kase)
1. Unsafe construction.
2. Unsafe illumination.

3. Unsafe ventilation.


UNSAFE ACTS OF PERSONS (choose 3 kase)

1. Using unsafe equipment.
2 . Unsafe loading
3.Taking unsafe positions

REASONS for Improper Attitude
1. Recklessness.


The methods used for the prevention of unsafe acts: (choose 3 kase)

(a) Instructions


(b) education

(c) discipline.



Temporary Disability

this class includes all other injuries as causing disability to
the injured employee for more than the remainder of the day
on which the accident occurred.

Days lost of loss of sight

1 eye, loss of sight 1800
Both eyes, loss of sight 6000

(Pag wala sa choices, none of the above ang sagot)





Accident-severity rate

= represents the days lost per-thousand man-hours
worked.

Training

- is never ending part of the safety program.

Top management

- is responsible for the planning and execution of the
whole safety program.


1. The Safety Director

is usually a staff office reporting to management.

His specialized knowledge of hazards and protective equipment makes him an
important adviser to top management, to the purchasing department and to the
supervisor



Supervisors

as the management representatives in charge of plants,
departments and sections,

Preventive maintenance

this type is a scheduled safety inspection carried on by the plants maintenance
personnel or plant engineer to prevent breakdowns and lengthen the life of
machines and equipments.

One Call

this type of inspection is done in accordance to a regularly scheduled visit at
definite periodic intervals usually, yearly.

Continuous activity

this type of inspection is a continuing plant activity to discover condition that, if
uncorrected may lead to accidents and injuries, which are essential to a first rate
safety performance.


Special inspection

these types of inspection are usually in the form of investigations and made for
special information purposes.


What would you do during your first inspection of a plant?

a. The initial interview
b. The inspection trip
c. The presentation of the findings to the management

Class A.
Fires in ordinary combustible materials, such as wood, paper, textiles
and rubbish.
Class B.
Fires inflammable liquids, such as oil, grease, paints, varnish and
lacquers, where blanketing or smothering effect is essential.
Class C.
Fires in electric equipment, such as motors, generators, and switch
panels.



Dry chemical extinguishers

come in a variety of types and are suitable for a combination of
class A, B and C fires.

2. Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

extinguishers are most effective on Class B and C (liquids and
electrical) fires.


Alternative Names (Ang tanong ay which is not an alternative of name of
ergonomics? Kaya tandaan nyo n lng yan)

Humans Factors Engineering
Human Engineering
Occupational Psychology
Engineering Psychology
Applied Experimental Psychology




Ergonomics
is the study and optimization of the interaction between people and
their physical environment by considering their physical,
physiological, and psychological characteristics.





Determine the principle #

* Minimize Pressure Points
Ans. Principle 7

* Move, Exercise, and Stretch
Ans. Principle 9

*Keep Everything in Easy Reach
Ans. Principle 3


*Work in Neutral Postures
Ans. Principle 1



Acoustic Shock

results from abnormally high sound level, the physical effects of which
may vary from minor discomfort to serious injury.

* What Calcium hydroxide ( Ca(OH)
2
)
Answer: limewater











Question: A graveyard shift callcenter agent

Choices
Physical
Chemical
Biological
Ergonomic
Psychosocial