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1) Hoa Lo Prison was built in 1896 on the land of Phu Khanh village,Hanoi. This village which is
specialized in the production of pottery and famous for ceramic stoves. In this streets in the pass, kilns
burning day and night, so the village was called Hoa Lo prison . Hoa Lo in english means fiery furnance,
kilns or stoves
2) Prison is surrounded by stone walls, 4m high, 0.5 m thick, reinforced by barbed-wire system of high
voltage lines running, through the four corner there have towers are capable of observing the prison.
Particularly iron gate system, was brought from France to lock.Hoa Lo is one of the most solid prison in
Indochina, that the ants also difficult to pass well
In the past, Hoa lo was divided into 4 main zone: A and B are for prisoner awating their trial, prisoner
violating law of prison or important prisoner; C is for French or foreign criminals, D is for prisoners
awaiting execution on their dead penalty
[ The cell, dark, cramped cell, lack of air and the infamous jailers, senior govern ready Con Dao prison
repression, even killing prisoners.

Hoa Lo Prison is indeed hell. Since unfinished, May 1,1899 to Hoa Lo Prison was detained persons
undertaking. According to the original design, just enough Hoa Lo prison 500 inmates, but it has been
extended several times to have more space detained prisoners. The years 1950 - 1953, Hoa Lo prison of
2,000 inmates. Currently, Hoa Lo relics preserved the guillotine has been working for the French, May
1,1930 carried out up to the 13 Yen Bai Vietnam soldiers captured Nationalist uprising Yen Bai (headed
by Nguyen Thai Hoc).

Many generations of Vietnam has imprisoned at Hoa Lo Prison, which is the patriotic scholars such as
Phan Boi Chau, Luong Van Can, Duong Ba Trac. to Mr. Nguyen Van Cu, Truong Chinh, Le Duan, Nguyen
Van Linh, Do Muoi ... the outstanding people of our nation, which later became General Secretary of the
Communist Party of Vietnam, with many soldiers and officers from other networks. Although the enemy
was beaten, shackled in the dungeon cell, even to sacrifice their lives, but the soldiers will still keep
fighting. Hoa Lo Prison became school revolution, the ideological training environment, will the
revolutionary struggle. Even in the Hoa Lo Prison, the training focus is political opening, the Red Prison
newspaper, magazine Prison ... born enemies to respect that. In 1930, the cost of the first Communist
Party was founded by Mr. Hoang Quoc Viet secretary has taken a leadership role, many organizations
struggle, victory.

After the complete liberation of the capital (10.10.1954), Hoa Lo prison under the control of the
revolutionary government. Since 1964 - 1973, Hoa Lo Prison was used to detain American pilots shot
down during the war of destruction of North American imperialism, including P.Peterson - later the first
U.S. ambassador in Vietnam.

1993, on the grounds of the Tower of Hanoi, Hoa Lo - a commercial center is built, the rest become
historic revolution especially in the capital, which is evidence of the crimes of the French. It also kept
many documents and records of the mirror indomitable fighting heroically sacrifices of many
generations of communist soldiers arrested imprisonment. Hoa Lo relic is still pretty much intact with
precious materials, scientific display, is fascinating attractions, attracting many domestic and foreign
tourists to Hanoi every occasion ]
You can see that prisoner's leg were put in stocks. They look pale and some people catch serious illness
Here is false report of French colonist about the life of vietnamese prisoners......bla bla bla
Here is jail for female inmates. Many women were arrested when they are getting pregnant and they
gave birth right in the prison
Here is memorial of Hoa Lo's martyr, built in 2000 by former prisoners of Hoa Lo
The Poisoning at Hanoi Citadel (Vietnamese:H Thnh u c) was a poisoning plot which occurred in
1908 when a group of Vietnamese indigenous cooks attempted to poison the entire French colonial
army's garrison in the Citadel of Hanoi. The aim of the plot was to neutralize the French garrison and
make way for Hoang Hoa Tham's rebel army to capture Hanoi. The plot was disclosed, and then was
suppressed by the French. 13 people were sentenced to death