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BANGALORE UNIVERSITY

QUESTION PAPER NO. 1



Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer any five questions from Part A and question No. 9 from Part B
2. Part A carries 75 marks and Part B carries 25 marks. All questions carry equal marks.
3. Answer should be written completely either in English or Kannada.

PART A
1. a. All contracts are agreements but all agreements are not contracts Comment. (Refer
Page No. 1)
b. A writes to B I will sell my house to you for Rs. 9,000/- and if I do not hear from you to the
contrary, I will assume that you accept my present offer. B sent no reply. A brought a suit
against B for breach of his contract to purchase the house for Rs. 9,000/- will A succeed?
Give reasons.
2. a. State the essentials of valid consideration. Discuss the distinction between English law and
Indian law in this regard. (Refer Page No. 50)
b. Explain the case of Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co. Ltd. Vs. Selfridge and Co., and principle
laid down in that case. (Refer Page No. 62)
3. a. What is consent said to be free? (Refer Page No. 137-A)
b. Define misrepresentation and compare misrepresentation with fraud. (Refer Page No.
116, 121)
4. a. Explain what is meant by undue influence. (Refer Page No. 107)
b. A a man enfeebled by disease or age is induced by B influence over him as his medical
attendant to agree to pay B an unreasonable sum for his professional services. A refuses to
fulfill his promise. Can B enforce this contract?
5. a. What is a wagering contract? What are the essentials of wagering contract? (Refer Page
No. 177)
b. Distinguish between wagering agreement and contingent agreement. (Refer Page No.
189)
6. a. When an agreement is said to be agreement is restraint of trade? State the exceptions if
any. (Refer Page No. 167)
b. A is an employee of B and Co. After leaving the service he agrees with B and Co. that he
shall not employ himself in any similar concern within a distance 10 miles of the town. Is this
restraint valid?
7. a. State the facts and discuss the law in Hadley Vs. Baxendale. (Refer Page No. 249)
b. A agreed to erect a plant for B by 31st January 1991. The contract provided that B should
pay Rs. 500 per month that A took beyond the agreed date. A was late by six months. B sued
A for Rs. 6,500/- the actual loss caused to him as result of the delay. To what damages, if
any, B is entitled? Give reasons.
8. Discuss any two of the following:
a. Balfour Vs Balfour (Refer Page No. 9, 25)
b. Chickamma Amiraju and five others Vs. Chickamma Seshamma and others (Refer Page No.
102)
c. Davis contractors Ltd Vs Fareham urban District Council (Refer Page No. 231)
d. Derry Vs. Peek (Refer Page No. 118)

PART B

9. Answer any two of the following:
a. Explain the law as to recovery of possession of immovable property. (Refer Page No. 264)
b. Discuss the scope of perpetual injunction provided under the Specific Relief Act. (Refer Page
No. 302)
c. When can court decree specific performance of contract. (Refer Page No. 283)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 2

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer Question No. 9 and any five from the remaining.
2. Answers must be written completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. The parties to a contract in a sense make the law for themselves. Discuss.
2. Define offer. Explain with decided cases the essential requisites of a valid offer. (Refer Page
No. 19)
3. a. Discuss briefly the cases in which consideration of an agreement is said to be unlawful.
(Refer Page No. 138)
b. A sold his car worth Rs. 10,000/- for Rs. 5,000/- to B. Can this agreement be questioned,
and if so on what ground?
4. Who are competent to enter into contract? When is a minor liable on a contract for
necessaries? (Refer Page No. 83)
5. a. Discuss Undue Influence with the help of illustrations. (Refer Page No. 107)
b. Does Silence amount to fraud? (Refer Page No. 121)
6. Explain the Doctrine of Frustration with the help of decided cases. (Refer Page No. 225)
7. Discuss the various provisions under the Indian Contract Act relating to Quasi-Contract.
(Refer Page No. 237)
8. Write explanatory note on any two:
a. Free consent (Refer Page No. 4, 137-A)
b. Agreement in restraint of trade (Refer Page No. 167)
c. Derry Vs. Peek (Refer Page No. 118)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. What contracts which can be specifically enforced? Explain. (Refer Page No. 271)
b. What contracts which cannot be specifically enforced? Explain. (Refer Page No. 277)
c. Discuss the various provisions relating to declaratory decrees. (Refer Page No. 297)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 3

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five of the remaining.
2. Answers must be written completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. a. Define Proposal. Distinguish between offer and an invitation to offer. (Refer Page No. 19)
b. X, a customer picks up an article in a self service departmental store and takes it to the
cash counter. Y a clerk at cash counter declines to sell. X files a suit against the shop keeper.
Decide.
2. a. Define Fraud. How it effects on the validity of an agreement? (Refer Page No. 121)
b. Distinguish between coercion and undue influence. (Refer Page No. 106)
3. a. What are necessaries? When is a minor liable on a contract for necessaries? (Refer Page
No. 83)
b. M, a minor aged 17 broke his right arm in a hockey game. He engaged a physician to set
it. Does the physician has a valid claim for his services?
4. a. Discuss undue influence with the help of illustration. (Refer Page No. 107)
b. A asks his wife to transfer her property to him. When she refused to transfer A threatens
to murder her. B transfers her property and later wants to set aside the transfer. Advise B.
5. Explain the Doctrine of Frustration with the help of decided cases. (Refer Page No. 225)
6. Discuss the various provisions under the Indian Contract Act relating to Quasi Contract.
(Refer Page No. 237)
7. a. Define free consent. What are the elements of fraud? Explain with leading cases. (Refer
Page No. 137-A, 121)
b. Rajesh applied to a banker for a loan at a time when there was stringency in the money
market, the banker declined to grant the loan except at an usually high rate of interest.
Rajesh accepted loan on these terms. The contract is vitiated by undue influence. Decide.
8. Write explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Derry Vs. Peek (Refer Page No. 118)
b. Champerty and Maintenance (Refer Page No. 154)
c. Quantum Meruit (Refer Page No. 242)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. Injunction and the principles governing the grant of injunction. (Refer Page No. 300)
b. Cancellation of instruments and the circumstances for cancellation. (Refer Page No. 295)
c. What is specific relief? (Refer Page No. 260)

QUESTION PAPER NO. 4

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five of the remaining
2. Answer must be written completely either in English or Kannada.

1. Who are competent to enter into contract? When is a minor liable on a contract for
necessaries? (Refer Page No. 83)
2. a. What is consideration? State the exceptions to the rule that an agreement without
consideration is void. (Refer Page No. 50, 70)
b. A sold his car worth Rs. 10,000/- for Rs. 5,000/- to B. Can this agreement be questioned
and if so on what ground.
3. a. Every illegal agreement is unlawful but every unlawful agreement is not necessarily illegal
Explain. (Refer Page No. 138)
b. A a married woman has given money by B the landlord to enable her to obtain divorce
from her husband and remarry the landlord. A refused to return the money. Is she right?
4. a. Distinguish between wagering contract and contingent contract. (Refer Page No. 189)
b. A promises to pay B a sum of money if a certain ship does not return within a year. The
ship never returns and A fails to pay the money. Can B recover the money from A?
5. a. Explain discharge of contract by mutual consent. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. X receives some money from Y to be paid over to P. X admits of this receipt to P. Can
P recover the due amount from X?
6. a. Explain the law relating to mistake with the help of decided cases. (Refer Page No. 129)
b. An agreement is restraint of legal proceedings is void. Explain exceptions if any to this
principle. (Refer Page No. 156)
7. a. What are the various mode in which a contract may be discharged? (Refer Page No. 210)
b. Write a note on Privity Contract? (Refer Page No. 61)
8. Write explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Balfour Vs. Balfour (Refer Page No. 9, 25)
b. Mohari Bibee Vs. Dharmadas Ghosh (Refer Page No. 6, 85)
c. Reciprocal promise (Refer Page No. 186, 206)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. Mandatory injunction (Refer Page No. 305)
b. Explain Preventive Relief (Refer Page No. 300)
c. Contract which are and which are not specifically enforceable (Refer Page No. 277)



QUESTION PAPER NO. 5

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five of the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. a. The law of contract is not the whole law of agreements, nor it is the whole law of
obligations. Discuss. (Refer Page No. 1)
b. Distinguish between void and voidable contracts. (Refer Page No. 18-A)
2. a. Define Acceptance. Discuss with the help of decided cases the various rules as to a valid
acceptance. (Refer Page No. 34)
b. A made a proposal to sell his house to B and B made a proposal to buy As house on
identical terms the same day by post. The letters crossed each other. Did the parties reach
an agreement? Give reasons.
3. a. Discuss briefly the cases in which consideration of an agreement is said to be unlawful.
(Refer Page No. 138)
b. A sold his car with Rs. One lakh for Rs. 10,000/- to B. Can this sale be questioned? And
if so on what grounds?
4. a. Explain the law relating to undue influence with the help of decide cases. (Refer Page
No. 107)
b. Does silence amounting to fraud? Explain. (Refer Page No. 121)
5. a. What is meant by contracts of Uberrimae fidei? How do they differ from ordinary
contracts?
b. Distinguish between wagering contract and contingent contract. (Refer Page No. 189)
6. a. Explain the various ways in which a contract may be discharged. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. Whether time is the essence of a contract? (Refer Page No. 206)
7. a. No one shall enrich himself at the expense of another. Explain with the help of decided
cases. (Refer Page No. 237)
b. Write a note on Necessaries. (Refer Page No. 88)
8. Write explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Misrepresentation (Refer Page No. 116)
b. Quantum Meruit (Refer Page No. 242)
c. Hadley Vs. Baxendale (Refer Page No. 248)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. What contracts which cannot be specifically performed? (Refer Page No. 277)
b. What is temporary injunctions? Explain the principles governing issue of a temporary
injunction. (Refer Page No. 301)
c. When Court can order cancellation of instruments? Discuss. (Refer Page No. 295)

QUESTION PAPER NO. 6

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five of the remaining.
2. Answers shall be completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. a. All contracts are agreements, but all agreements are not contracts Explain. (Refer Page
No. 1)
b. Distinguish between void and voidable contracts. (Refer Page No. 18-A)
2. a. What is consideration? Explain the essentials of it. (Refer Page No. 50)
b. X sold his motorbike worth Rs. 35,000/- to Mr. Y for
Rs. 500/- only. What is the validity of contract of sale?
3. a. Explain in brief the effects of a minors agreement. (Refer Page No. 83)
b. Write a note on wagering contract. (Refer Page No. 178)
4. a. What is free consent? Explain in brief when the consent is said to be free according to
Indian Contract Act, 1872? (Refer Page No. 137-A)
b. A sells by auction to B a horse which A knows to be unsound. A says nothing to B
about the unsoundness of the horse. Is the sale valid?
5. a. Explain in brief the different modes of discharge of contracts. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. What is anticipatory breach of contract? (Refer Page
No. 221)
6. a. What are the remedies available for breach of contract? (Refer Page No. 245)
b. Explain Rule in Hadley Vs. Baxandale. (Refer Page No. 249)
7. a. Explain with illustrations the quasi-contracts dealt with under Indian Contract Act, 1872?
(Refer Page No. 14, 237)
b. Write a note on Rights and Liabilities of finder of lost goods. (Refer Page No. 240)
8. a. Give an account of void agreements provided under the Indian Contract Act, 1872. (Refer
Page No. 12)
b. Explain agreement in restraint of trade with exceptions. (Refer Page No. 167)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. What contracts cannot be enforced specifically? (Refer Page No. 277)
b. What is injunction? What are the types of injunctions available under the Specific Relief Act,
1963? (Refer Page No. 300)
c. Explain the provisions relations to cancellation of instruments. (Refer Page No. 295)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 7

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five from the remaining.
2. Answers must be written completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. a. Define agreement. State when agreement becomes contract. (Refer Page No. 1)
b. A husband enters into an agreement with his wife under which he promises to pay her an
allowance and she to refrain from pledging his credit. Is it a valid contract?
2. a. State the circumstances under which agreements without consideration are valid. (Refer
Page No. 70)
b. A, for natural love and affection, promises to give his son, B, Rs. 1,000/- under a registered
document. Is it a valid contract?
3. a. Define coercion. Discuss techniques of causing coercion. (Refer Page No. 99)
b. A was criminally prosecuted. Fearing the result of prosecution he enters into an agreement
in favour of the complainant in consideration of his abandoning the prosecution. It is an
agreement under coercion?
4. a. Describe various forms of mistake as to subject matter. (Refer Page No. 129)
b. A was employed to sell Bs cargo which was on voyage. After the sale of cargo at an
intermediate port to C, it was discovered that the cargo had been damaged by bad whether.
Decide.
5. a. Explain various types of void agreements. (Refer Page No. 12)
b. A Muslim husband agreed by a registered deed to handover to his wife the totality of his
savings and not to do anything without her permission and, if he did so, she would be at
liberty to divorce him. Decide.
6. a. What is contingent contract? How it is enforced? (Refer Page No. 185)
b. A agrees to pay B a sum of money if a certain ship does not return. The ship is sunk. Can
this contract be enforced?
7. a. What is quasi-contract? Explain various kinds of quasi contractual obligations. (Refer Page
No. 237)
b. A, a tradesman, leaves goods at Bs house by mistake. B treats the goods as his own. Is
he bound to pay A for them?
8. a. Explain contracts which cannot be specifically enforced. (Refer Page No. 277)
b. Describe persons in whose favour specific performance may be enforced. (Refer Page
No. 271)
9. Write explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Unilateral promises (Refer Page No. 17)
b. Wagering agreements (Refer Page No. 177)
c. Parker Vs. South Eastern Railway Co. (Refer Page No. 15)
d. Cundy Vs. Lindsay (Refer Page No. 132)

QUESTION PAPER NO. 8

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five from the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. a. Describe the essentials of a valid contract. (Refer Page No. 4)
b. State the distinction between void and voidable contract. (Refer Page No. 18-A)
2. a. Define consideration. State the exceptions to the rule that an agreement without
consideration is void. (Refer Page
No. 50, 70)
b. Critically examine the rule in Roberts Vs. Gray. (Refer Page No. 88)
3. a. Define consent and state the circumstances under which it cannot be said to be free.
(Refer Page No. 137-A)
b. Distinguish between wagering contract and contingent contract. (Refer Page No. 189)
4. a. Explain with illustration the effect of mistake of fact on an agreement with reference to
mistake relating to the identity of parties. (Refer Page No. 129)
b. A promises to pay B a sum of money if a certain ship does not return within a year. The
ship never returns and A fails to pay the money. Can B recover the money from A?
5. a. An agreement is restraint of lawful trade, or occupation is void. Explain the exceptions, if
any. (Refer Page No. 167)
b. A promised to pay B a sum of Rs. 5,000/- in consideration of procuring a second wife by
him. B procured a wife and the marriage took place but A refused to pay the money. Can
B recover the money?
6. What is Hadley Vs. Baxendale rule? How far it is applicable in India? Distinguish between
general damages and special damages. (Refer Page No. 249)
7. a. Explain discharge of contract by mutual consent. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. What is quasi contract? When quasi contractual liability arises? (Refer Page No. 237)
8. a. State the persons against whom a contract can be specifically enforced. (Refer Page No.
271)
b. State the distinction between mandatory and prohibitory injunctions. (Refer Page No.
305 & 306)
9. Write explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Quantum Meruit (Refer Page No. 242)
b. Unconscionable bargains (Refer Page No. 108)
c. Balfour Vs. Balfour (Refer Page No. 9, 25)
d. Mohori Bibi Vs. Dharmodas Ghosh (Refer Page No. 6, 85)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 9

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five from the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. a. Define acceptance. Discuss the rules regarding a valid acceptance with leading cases.
(Refer Page No. 34)
b. H a husband promised to pay Rs. 3,000/- as a house hold allowance every month, to his
wife W. Later H defaulted in his promise. W sued for the allowance. Discuss.
2. a. Explain the principles laid down in the case of Mohoribibi
Vs. Dharmodas Ghosh with illustrations. (Refer Page No. 6, 85)
b. You cannot convert a contract into a tort to enable you to sue an infant Elucidate. (Refer
Page No. 83)
3. a. Define free consent. What are the elements of fraud? Cite leading cases. (Refer Page No.
137-A)
b. A applied to a banker for a loan at a time when there was stringency in the money market.
The banker declined to make the loan except at an unusually high rate of interest. A accepted
the loan on these terms. Decide if the contract is vitiated by undue influence.
4. a. Explain discharge of contract by impossibility of performance. (Refer Page No. 225)
b. A agrees to jump up and touch the sky and B agrees to pay Rs. 5,000/- to A for this Act.
Decide the validity of the agreement.
5. a. Define contingent contract. Explain the different contingent contracts, with illustrations, for
each contingent contract. (Refer Page No. 184)
b. C was married to As son D. C and D were minors at the time of marriage. After the
marriage C sued A to recover certain allowances to be paid by A to C under an
agreement made between A and Cs fathers. Advice C. what is the principle laid down in
this case?
6. a. Explain the rules relating to the appropriation of payment between a debtor and a creditor.
(Refer Page No. 207)
b. A a Hindu promised to marry B after the demise of his father. While his father was still
alive, he married another lady. In a suit by B for breach of promise to marry, A pleads that
the suit is not maintainable until his fathers demise. Decide.
7. a. The law does not allow any person to unduly enrich himself at the cost of another
Elucidate. (Refer Page No. 237)
b. Explain the principles governing the assessment of damages for breach of contract. (Refer
Page No. 248)
8. a. The jurisdiction to decree a specific performance is discretionary Explain. (Refer Page
No. 283)
b. Explain the nature of temporary injunctions and perpetual injunctions, when such
injunctions are granted by the Court? (Refer Page No. 300)
9. Write explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Privity of contract (Refer Page No. 61)
b. Champerty and Maintenance (Refer Page No. 154)
c. Rule in Cundy Vs. Lindsay (Refer Page No. 132)
d. Carlill Vs. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. (Refer Page No. 21, 178)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 10

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five from the remaining.
2. Answers must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. a. What is meant by offer? Explain the various rules of a valid offer. (Refer Page No. 19)
b. A offers a reward of Rs. 50,000/- to any who brings to him his missing son. B, who is
ignorant of the offer, traces the boy and brings him to A. Can B claim the reward? Does it
make any difference in your decision, if B is As servant.
2. a. Who are competent to contract? Explain the principles laid down in the case of Mohori Bibi
Vs. Dharmodas Ghosh. (Refer Page No. 6, 85)
b. A, a minor, falsely represents to B that he is a major and purchases some goods on
credit. Can B file a suit to recover the price from A? Decide.
3. a. Explain Mistake. Discuss mistake as to identity of parties. (Refer Page No. 129)
b. C is an art critic. He knew that he would not be allowed to attend a play in a theatre. He
sent his friend to buy a ticket. He tried to enter the theatre with that ticket. C was refused
admission. C sues for breach of contract. Decide.
4. a. Define a contingent contract. Distinguish between wagering contract and contingent
contract. (Refer Page
No. 184 & 189)
b. A contracts to pay B Rs. 25,000/- if B marries C. C dies without getting married to B.
Can B recover the money from A?
5. a. Critically examine discharge of a contract by impossibility of performance. (Refer Page No.
225)
b. A and B contract to marry each other. Before the time fixed for the marriage, A
becomes insane. Is this contract enforceable?
6. a. Explain discharge of contract by mutual consent. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. What is quasi-contract? When does quasi-contractual liability arise? (Refer Page No. 237)
7. a. Explain the liability to pay for non-gratuitous acts. (Refer Page No. 240)
b. Write a note on finder of goods. (Refer Page No. 240)
8. a. Explain the jurisdiction of the court to grant relief by way of rectification of instruments.
(Refer Page No. 289)
b. Write a note on preventive relief. (Refer Page No. 300)
9. Write explanatory notes on any two of the following:
a. Anticipatory breach of contract (Refer Page No. 223)
b. Specific performance (Refer Page No. 260)
c. Agreement in restraint of trade (Refer Page No. 167)
d. Derry Vs. Peek (Refer Page No. 118)

QUESTION PAPER NO. 11

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No.9 and any five from the remaining.
2. Answers must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. a. Describe the essentials of a valid contract. (Refer Page No. 4)
b. Explain the classification of contracts. (Refer Page No. 11)
2. a. Define free consent. What are the elements of fraud? Cite leading cases. (Refer Page
No. 137-A, 121)
b. A applied to a banker for a loan at a time when there was stringency in the money market.
The banker decline to make the loan except at an unusually high rate of interest. A accepted
the loan on these terms. Decide if the contract is vitiated by undue influence.
3. a. Explain the discharge of contract by performance. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. A receives some money form T to be paid over to P. A admits of this receipt to P. Can P
recover due amount from A?
4. a. The law does not allow any person to unduly enrich himself at the cost of another.
Elucidate. (Refer Page No. 237)
b. A promised to pay B a sum of Rs. 5,000/- in consideration of procuring a second wife for
him. B procured a wife and the marriage took place. But A refused to pay the money. Can B
recover the money from A? Give reasons.
5. a. Agreement made without consideration is void. Explain with exceptions. (Refer Page No.
70)
b. A promised B to pay a sum of Rs. 10,000/- for temple renovation. But A refused to
perform his promise. Can B recover the amount from A? Give reasons.
6. a. The law governing damages is incorporated provisions of the Indian Contract Act, 1872.
Discuss the law. (Refer Page No. 248)
b. A contracts to buy certain goods from B for Rs. 2,000/-. The contract further provides
that if A refuses to accept the goods, he would pay Rs. 5,000/- to B as damages. How would
you decide?
7. Define and classify injunctions. Distinguish between Mandatory and Prohibitory Injunction.
(Refer Page No. 300)
8. a. What contracts which cannot be specifically performed? (Refer Page No. 277)
b. State the remedy available in Specific Relief Act to a person disposed of his immovable
property. (Refer Page No. 264)
9. Write an explanatory note on any two:
a. Carlill Vs. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. (Refer Page No. 21, 178)
b. Nash Vs. Inman (Refer Page No. 89)
c. Privity of contract (Refer Page No. 61)
d. Doctrine of frustration (Refer Page No. 225)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 12

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions :
1. Answer Question No.9 and any five of the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. a. What do you mean by proposal? How does it differ from invitation to offer? (Refer Page
No. 19)
b. Can a stranger to the consideration sue? (Refer Page No. 60)
2. a. Define consent when the consent is said to be free consent? Stat the legal effects on an
agreement when consent is caused by fraud. (Refer Page No. 121, 137-A)
b. B says to A If you do not deny it I shall presume that the horse is sound. A keeps silent.
B buys the horse. Advise B if the horse is unsound.
3. a. An agreement in restraint of trade is void. Examine this statement with exceptions. (Refer
Page No. 167)
b. Write a note on wagering agreements. (Refer Page
No. 177)
4. a. Explain the meaning of contingent contract. What are the rule relating to enforcement of
contingent contract? (Refer Page No. 184)
b. X agrees to pay to Y a sum of money if certain ship does not return. The ship is sunk.
Can this contract be enforced?
5. State the various modes in which a contract may be discharged under the Indian Contract
Act. (Refer Page
No. 210)
6. All agreements are not contracts, but all contracts are agreements. Explain the statement
with the help of decided cases. (Refer Page No. 1)
7. a. Insufficiency of consideration is immaterial but an agreement without consideration is void
Comment. (Refer Page No. 70)
b. X sold his computer worth Rs. 80.000 for Rs. 9,000/- to Y. Can this sale be questioned?
8. Write a note on any two of the following:
i. Mohari bibee V. dharmodas Ghosh. (Refer Page No. 6, 85)
ii. Hardley V. Baxendale. (Refer Page No. 248)
iii. Derry V. Peak. (Refer Page No. 118)
9. Answer any two of the following:
i. What is meant by perpetual injunction? Distinguish it from temporary injunction. (Refer Page
No. 300)
ii. What contracts can be specifically enforced under the Specific Relief Act? (Refer Page No.
271)
iii. What are the essentials of rectification of instruments? (Refer Page No. 289)

QUESTION PAPER NO. 13

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No. 9 and any five of the remaining.
2. Answers shall be completely either in English or in Kannada.

1. a. All contracts are agreements, but all agreements are not contracts Explain. (Refer Page
No. 1)
b. Distinguish between void and voidable contracts. (Refer Page No. 18-A)
2. a. What is consideration? Explain the essentials of it. (Refer Page No. 50)
b. X sold his motorbike worth Rs. 35,000/- to Mr. Y for
Rs. 500/- only. What is the validity of contract of sale?
3. a. Explain in brief the effects of a minors agreement. (Refer Page No. 83)
b. Write a note on wagering contract. (Refer Page No. 177)
4. a. What is free consent? Explain in brief when the consent is said to be free according to
Indian Contract Act, 1872? (Refer Page No. 137-A)
b. A sells by auction to B a horse which A knows to be unsound. A says nothing to B
about the unsoundness of the horse. Is the sale valid?
5. a. Explain in brief the different modes of discharge of contracts. (Refer Page No. 210)
b. What is anticipatory breach of contract? (Refer Page
No. 221)
6. a. What are the remedies available for breach of contract? (Refer Page No. 245)
b. Explain Rule in Hadley Vs. Baxandale. (Refer Page No. 248)
7. a. Explain with illustrations the quasi-contracts dealt with under Indian Contract Act, 1872?
(Refer Page No. 237)
b. Write a note on Rights and Liabilities of finder of lost goods. (Refer Page No. 240)
8. a. Give an account of void agreements provided under the Indian Contract Act, 1872. (Refer
Page No. 12)
b. Explain agreement in restraint of trade with exceptions. (Refer Page No. 167)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. What contracts cannot be enforced specifically? (Refer Page No. 277)
b. What is injunction? What are the types of injunctions available under the Specific Relief Act,
1963? (Refer Page No. 300)
c. Explain the provisions relations to cancellation of instruments. (Refer Page No. 295)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 14

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No.9 and five from the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. Distinguish between:
a) Agreement and contract (Refer Page No. 3)
b) Voidable and void agreements (Refer Page No. 12)
c) Illegal and void agreements (Refer Page No. 13)
2. a. When are the communications of proposal acceptance and revocation complete? Explain
with illustrations. (Refer Page No. 34)
b. How is the revocation of proposal effected? Explain with illustrations. (Refer Page No. 19)
3. a. Who are competent to contract? Explain the principles aid down in the case of Mohori Bibi
Vs Dharmdas Ghose. (Refer Page No. 6, 85)
b. A a minor, falsely represents to B that he is a major and purchase some goods on credit.
B files a suit to recover the price from A. Decide.
4. a. Define Free consent. What are the elements of Fraud? Cite leading cases. (Refer Page
No. 137-A, 121)
b. A applied to a Banker for a loan at a time when there was stringency in the money
market. The banker declined to make the loan except at an unusually high rate of interest. A
accepted the loan on these terms. Decide if the contract is vitiated by undue influence.
5. a. The contract must be for a lawful object elucidate. (Refer Page No. 138)
b. A promise to obtain for B an employment in the public service, and B promises to pay Rs.
1,000/- to A. Is sit a valid agreement?
6. a. Critically examine discharge of a contract by impossibility of performance. (Refer Page No.
225)
b. B hires a marriage hall from C. The hall was accidentally burnt down even before the
marriage took place. B files a suit against C. Advise to C.
7. a. What is Hadley Vs Baxendale rule ? How fare is it applicable in India? (Refer Page No.
248)
b. Distinguish between general damages and special damage. (Refer Page No. 248)
8. Write notes on any two of the following:
a. Anticipatory breach of contract. (Refer Page No. 221)
b. Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co.Ltd Vs. Selfridge Co.Ltd. (Refer Page No. 62)
c. Felthouse Vs. Bindley (Refer Page No. 38)
9. Write an explanatory notes on any two :
a. Explain contracts which cannot be specifically enforced. (Refer Page No. 277)
b. Describe persons in whose favour specific performance may be enforced. (Refer Page No.
271)
c. State the distinction between mandatory and prohibitory injunctions. (Refer Page No. 300)
d. Privity of contract (Refer Page No. 61)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 15

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No,.9 and five from the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. a. Define offer. Explain the rules of a valid offer. (Refer Page No. 19)
b. Write a note on revocation of offer. (Refer Page No. 31)
2. a. Define consideration. State the exceptions to the rule that an agreement without
consideration is void. (Refer Page
No. 50, 70)
b. A promise to pay Rs. One lakh for the construction of the hostel building. The authorities
on the faith of this promise incur liabilities. A does not pay. Can the authorities recover the
amount from A? Decide.
3. What are the effects of a minors agreement? Explain. (Refer Page No. 83)
4. What is free consent? Explain in brief with decided cases. (Refer Page No. 137-A)
5. a. The contract must be for a lawful object Explain. (Refer Page No. 138)
b. Distinguish between wagering agreement and contingent contract. (Refer Page No. 189)
6. a. What is meant by anticipatory breach of contract? (Refer Page No. 223)
b. What are the various consequences of anticipatory breach of contract? (Refer Page No.
221)
7. a. What are the remedies available for breach of contract? (Refer Page No. 245)
b. A contracts to buy certain goods from B for Rs.10,000. The contract further provides that
if A refuses to accept the goods he would pay Rs. 50,000. to B as damages. How would
you decide?.
8. Write an explanatory note on any two of the following:
a. Privity of contract (Refer Page No. 61)
b. Relations resembling those create by contracts (Refer Page No. 237)
c. Chinnaya Vs. Rammayya (Refer Page No. 65)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. When court can order cancellation of Instruments? Explain. (Refer Page No. 295)
b. Discuss the provisions relating to Declaratory decree. (Refer Page No. 297)
c. What is temporary Injunction? Explain the principles governing issue of a temporary
injunction. (Refer Page
No. 300)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 16

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

Instructions:
1. Answer question No,.9 and five from the remaining.
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada or in English.

1. a) Define Acceptance. Discuss with the help of decided cases, the various rules as to a
valid acceptance. (Refer Page No. 34)
b) Write a note on revocation of acceptance. (Refer Page
No. 34)
2. a) A stranger to consideration may sue on the contract but not a stranger to the contract.
discuss. (Refer Page No. 60)
b) A sold his car worth Rs. 5 lakh for Rs. 25, 000 to B. Can this sale be questioned?
Discuss.
3. What is fraud? Explain the essential elements of fraud. Does silence amounts to fraud?
(Refer Page No. 121)
4. a) An agreement in restraint of trade is void. Explain with exceptions if any. (Refer Page No.
167)
b) Write a note on agreements against public policy. (Refer Page No. 150)
5. The doctrine of frustration on contract is applicable to a great variety of contracts. elucidate
with the help of decided cases. (Refer Page No. 225)
6. a) Explain the law relating to appropriation of payments. (Refer Page No. 207)
b) A owes to B among other debts the sum of Rs. 5, 000. B demands payment of the
sum. A sends Rs. 5, 000. Explain how it is to be appropriated by B.
7. No one shall enrich himself unjustly at the expense of another Discuss. (Refer Page No.
237)
8. Answer any tow of the following:
a. Nature of minors agreement (Refer Page No. 83)
b. Balfour Vs. Balfour (Refer Page No. 9, 25)
c. Rule in Hadley Vs. Baxendale (Refer Page No. 249)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. Specific relief is a discretionary remedy Comment. (Refer Page No. 259)
b. What contracts which can and cannot be specifically performed. (Refer Page No. 271, 277)
c. What is injunction? What are the types of injunctions available under the Specific Relief Act?
(Refer Page No. 300)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 17
DECEMBER - 2007
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Instructions:
1. Answer question No.9 and any five from the remaining
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada in English

1. a. An agreement enforceable by Law is a contract. Discuss. (Refer Page No. 7)
b. Anand says in a conversation to Ravi that he will give
Rs. 25,000/- to a person who so ever marries his daughter. Ramu marries Anands daughter
and files suit for recovery of Rs. 25,000/-. Will he succeed? (Refer Problem No. 52 Page No.
467)
2. a. Explain consent. When it is said to be free? (Refer Page No. 137 A)
b. A an old man with feeble sight endorsed a bill of exchange thinking it was gurantees. There
was no negligence on the part of A. Is A liable?
3. a. Discuss the law relating to minors agreements. (Refer Page No. 83)
b. Raju, a minor has lent Rs. 1,000/- against a promissory notes executed in his favour. Is
borrower liable? (Refer Page No. 86)
4. a. Explain the doctrine of frustration with reference to decided cases. (Refer Page No. 226)
b. Anand agreed to hire Vinayaks rooms in Mysore for the purpose of seeing. The Dasara
procession on 14th and 15th October. Due to the Earth quake no Dasara procession took
place on those days, now Vinayaka intends to recover the agreed rent. Advice him.
5. a. Distinguish between wagering agreement and a
contingent contract. (Refer Page No. 177 & 184)
b. A music hall was agreed to be let out on certain day. But
before that day it was destroyed by fire. Is the promisor
absolved from the contract?
6. a. Explain the different remedies available for breach of contract. (Refer Page No. 245)
b. X a dealer in fruits, leaves a pocket containing fruits at Ys house by mistake Y consumes
these fruits. Can X recover money?
7. What is quasi contract? When quasi contractual liability arises. (Refer Page No. 237)
8. Answer any two of the following:
a. Counter proposal. (Refer Page No. 37)
b. Public policy. (Refer Page No. 150)
c. Ambiguous contracts. (Refer Page No. 80)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. Specific relief is a discretionary remedy- Comment.(Refer Page No. 283)
b. which contracts cannot be specifically enforced? (Refer Page No. 277)
c. Explain:
i. Temporary Injunction. (Refer Page No. 30)
ii. Mandatory Injunction (Refer Page No. 305)


QUESTION PAPER NO. 18
DECEMBER - 2008
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Instructions:
1. Answer question No.9 and any five from the remaining
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada in English

1. a. Explain in brief essentials of a valid contract (Refer Page No. 1)
b. Explain the classification of contract (Refer Page No. 11)
2. a. What is Consideration? Explain the essentials of it (Refer Page No. 50)
b. X a lady agreed for consideration to love on adultery with Y. Subsequent to the agreement
X had performed the promise. Y commits breach. Advise X if any?
3. a. Define and distinguish between fraud and mis representation (Refer Page No. 121 &
116)
b. X sells his horse, which is unsound to his daughter Y. X remains silent about the
unsoundness of horse. Later wants to avoid the contract. Decide
4. a. Explain Doctrine of frustration with examples. (Refer Page No. 225)
b. Explain discharge of contract by agreement (Refer Page No.212)
5. a. Explain the remedies available for breach of contract (Refer Page No. 245)
b. Distinguish between liquidated damages and penalty (Refer Page No. 255)
6. a. Explain the law relating to standard form of contracts (Refer Page No. 5)
b. When is a minor liable on a contract for necessaries? (Refer Page No. 88)
7. a. What is Quasi- Contract? State the categories of Quasi-contracts. (Refer Page No. 227)
b. State the agreements expressly declared to be void under the Indian Contract Act, 1872
(Refer Page No. 164)
8. Write short note on any two of the following:
a. Carlill Vs. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. (Refer Page No. 21 & 178)
b. Lalman Vs. Gouridatt (Refer Page No. 28)
c. Wagering contract (Refer Page No. 178)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. What contracts can be specifically enforced (Refer Page
No. 271)
b. What is an injunction? Explain the kinds of injunctions under the Specific Relief Act, 1963
(Refer Page No. 300)
c. Explain the persons against whom specific relief can be enforeced? (Refer Page No. 280)

QUESTION PAPER NO. 19
DECEMBER - 2009
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Instructions:
1. Answer question No.9 and any five from the remaining
2. Answer must be written completely either in Kannada in English

1. a. An agreement enforceable by law is contract. Discuss (Refer Page No. ===)
b. Explain rules governing valid acceptance (Refer Page No. ====)
2. a. What is Consideration? Explain how far adequacy of consideration is relevant in
enforcing an agreement. (Refer Page No. ===)
b. X under intoxication agrees to sell his house worth Rs. 5 lakhs to Y for Rs. 2 lakhs. X later
refuses to sell. Can Y compell him? (Refer Page No. ===)
3. a. Discuss with the help of decided cases contractual capacity of minors in India. (Refer
Page No. ====)
b. A agrees to pay B, a minor, Rs. 1 Lakh towards payment of tuition fee. B on attaining majority
refuses to repay. Can A recover it? (Refer Page No. ===)
4. a. Define misrepresentation and distinguish it from fraud. (Refer Page No. ====)
b. Write a note on undue influence (Refer Page No. ====)
5. a. Explain when a contract need not be performed (Refer Page No. ====)
b. Write an explanatory note on wagering contract (Refer Page No. =====)
6. a. Explain the law relating to devolution of joint rights and liabilities under the Indian
Contract Act. (Refer Page No. ===)
b. Distinguish between penalty and liquidated damages. (Refer Page No. ====)
7. a. What is Quasi- Contract? Explain different types of such contracts recognised by law.
(Refer Page No. ====)
b. Write a note on mistake of fact (Refer Page No. ====)
8. Write short note on any two of the following:
a. Quantum Meruit. (Refer Page No. ====)
b. Chinnayya Vs. Ramayya (Refer Page No. ====)
c. Nature of minors agreement (Refer Page No. ====)
9. Answer any two of the following:
a. Explain the contracts that cannot be specifically enforced (Refer Page No. ====)
b. Examine the conditions for the grant of temporary injunctions. (Refer Page No. ====)
c. Discuss the rules relating to cancellation of instruments (Refer Page No. =====)