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Video Image Fire Detection

Video Flame and Smoke Detection

Benefits and Applications

Presented by:
Mac Mottley, General Manager
Fike Video Image Detection
Current State of Video Flame and Smoke Detection
Using existing Security Cameras
Benefit of Video Flame and Smoke Detection
Situational Awareness

Flexible fire detection for challenging applications
Video Image Fire Detection (VID)
Conventional detection devices are
challenged by large volumes or high
Smoke Stratification Issues
Sprinkler systems designed for building
protection, require heat to activate
First responders require early, actionable
intelligence to avoid costly fire damage
and firefighter injury.
Post fire event investigation

VID uses video analytics (software
algorithms) to emulate human-eye fire
Analyze each frame (640 x 480) pixel by
pixel using Digital Signal Processing
(DSP) high and low pass filters
(4.5 million data points per second)
Converts 15 frames of pixel data to one
normalized pattern in one second.
Neural Network Trained with 1000s
of real and false fires.

Uses visible spectrum
video images from
stationary cameras
Looks at pixel luma
Analytic process
identifies characteristics
of flames
Alarm and video output
to user interface
Filter removes residual light,
leaving only light that is
originated from flames.
Smoke Detection Algorithms

Smoke Signature Recognition
Smoke Aging (red-orange older, blue
newer) for movement
Motion detection zones are
setup in FOV
Detection zone may be
attached to a schedule
Motion detection event
categorized similar to a fire
Environment Dictates Type of
Explosion Proof
Dust or dirt
NEMA 4x (water proof)
Climate controlled (heat or cool)
Wiper or air curtain

Handles up to 32
IP cameras
Available in 3TB (2U)
and 6TB (3U) storage
Wintel platform
Rack mountable
Ruggedized option
View active alarm conditions
Receive an audible voice warning
Locate the event on building and site plans
Coordinate response efforts

Video Management
VID IP Network cameras
CAT 5 Computer Cable
IP Infrastructure (Switches)
Network Video Recorder (NVR)
Remote Monitoring Software

Fire Alarm
Dry contacts
Monitor Module
Fire Alarm Panel
Provide server based analytics to existing cameras
Enhance ROI of an installed security system
Inexpensive insurance to avoid catastrophic event
Open Network Video Interface Forum Standard
Allows standard for connectivity
Can now process IP cameras on a network
Do not have to write multiple interface drivers
Not authorized as an NFPA / UL / FM system
Processes up to 16 ONVIF IP video feeds for
smoke or fire
Recognizes ONVIF cameras on
the network
Provides an ONVIF video stream
for integration into third party VMS
Provides alarms and events in ONVIF format
Detection Algorithms
Reflected Fire Light
All included on camera or VID Server
Individually enabled and adjusted
Detect or blocking zones (On/Off schedules)
Time delay (Alarm verification)
Relay output
Targeted Detection
Reduce False Alarms

Facility Characteristic
Large Volume Space
High Value Assets
Desire for Security
Outdoor flame detection

Fire Characteristic -
Visible Signature

Occupant Characteristics
On Site Security /

200 ft
100 ft VID and all components thereof, including hardware and
software, shall be listed for the purpose of smoke detection
17.7.2 VID shall comply with all of the applicable requirements of
Chapters 1, 10, 14, 17, and 23 of the code
Power supply criteria
Communications integrity
Listed for the purpose
Alarm signal to FACP System Shall be designed in accordance with the
performance based design requirements of 17.3 Video signals generated by the cameras that are
components of video image smoke detection systems shall be
permitted to be transmitted to other systems for other uses only
through output connections provided specifically for that purpose.
Recognizes Use of Flame & Smoke VID Systems
Flame VID Classified as Radiant-Energy Sensing
UL 268B Video smoke detection
FM Uses FM 3260 (new FM 3232) and
UL 268.
FM 5-48 (Jan. 2011) Recommends video smoke
Property/Business Continuity vs. Life Safety

FM Global Update January 2011
Oil and Gas Facilities
Power Plants (coal and nuclear)
Manufacturing facilities
Aerospace & Defense
Cultural Properties
Engine Rooms
Large scale fire tests have been carried out by NIST in both
15m and 22m high aircraft hangars. These tests show that
sprinklers can be expected to operate in these high ceiling
areas as demonstrated by the following results;

For the 15 m high facility

The 2.0 m diameter pan fires with heating rates ranging from
approximately 5.6 MW to 6.8 MW, were the smallest size fires
to activate any automatic sprinklers. The 2.5 m diameter pan
fires (tests 6b and 8), which produced estimated heat release
rates of 7.7 MW also activated a number of 79 C to 93 C
automatic sprinklers. The 79 C sprinklers tested utilized a
quick response thermal element.
100 ft Detection Range
1 ft
Pan fires - Heptane, JP8, Alcohol, Gasoline
HRR 150 to 200 KW
4 channel
4 channel
Turbine Deck
The Risk of Fire is equal to

Probability of a Fire
Loss associated with that Fire
High Sensitivity in High Hazard
Stable environment
Detect fire, smoke and possibly
fuel/oil vapor prior to fire

Who caused the fire?
What caused the fire?
Where is the fire?
When did the fire start?
How big is it?
Installed on standard PC
Provides video surveillance, smoke,
flame and motion detection
View and record the condition that
caused the alarm
View and manage system via internet
Send email alerts
Audible voice warning
Locate the event on building/site
Coordinate response efforts
Flexibility to reduce false alarms or provide
targeted detection
Mask or section areas of camera view to:
Disable smoke or flame detection
Enable motion detection
Scheduler allows programming to times of
day and days of week
System alarms when smoke or flame
crosses plane, out of masked area
Detection zones target specific equipment

Masking or Detect Zones
Flame Detect Zone
Smoke block RFL block

Potential false alarm
Timeline Screen
System records 24/7/365
History timeline of detected events
View and download video from any time period
Easily identify and download video of events
Used in commissioning eliminate false alarms
Audit Report Generation
Commissioning report
System tests
Propane torch
Smoke emitters
Canned smoke
Motion zones
User initiated alarms

Confirm original field
of view

Fast Detection
with live
SpyderGuard Visual
Improved response time
and situational awareness
Email message
Dial 911
Volume Detection
Large coverage area
Situational awareness
Continuous video recording
Standards and Listings
Faster detection
Cost benefit
Nuisance rejection
Post event reconstruction
NFPA 72, FM and UL

Provides a solution to fire and smoke detection in
large volume facilities where
no detection has historically been deployed
Mac Mottley, General Manager
Fike Video Image Detection
E-mail: mac.mottley@fike.com
Webpage: www.signifire.com
Contact Information