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1. Stroke Awareness in Denmark..................................................................................................................... 1
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Stroke Awareness in Denmark
Author: Truelsen, Thomas; Krarup, Lars-henrik

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Abstract: Background: This is the first study to examine the awareness of major stroke symptoms and stroke
risk factors among the general population in Denmark. Early recognition of stroke warning signs and means of
reducing stroke occurrence could improve the treatment and prevention of stroke. Methods: A total of 3,520
subjects were invited to participate in the study, using a web-based, closed questionnaire. The recruitment was
stratified by region, age and gender to represent the composition of the general Danish population aged 40+
years. Enrolment was competitive with a predefined target of 800 responses. The subjects were asked to rank
the 4 most important acute stroke symptoms, and the 3 most important risk factors for stroke. Multivariable
ordinal logistic regression was used for assessing factors associated with awareness of stroke symptoms and
major stroke risk factors. Results: From December 12 to December 17, 2008, a total of 811 subjects (mean age:
58 years; SD: 11 years) were included, of which 405 (50%) were women. The 4 most frequently identified stroke
symptoms were sudden onset of: speech disturbances (n = 636; 78.4%), facial palsy (n = 450; 55.5%),
hemiparesis (n = 435; 53.6%) and visual disturbances (n = 429; 52.9%). The 3 most frequently identified stroke
risk factors were: hypertension (n = 586; 72.3%), history of cerebrovascular disease (n = 401; 49.5%) and high
concentration of cholesterol (n = 269; 33.2%). Compared with men, women had better knowledge of major
stroke symptoms (OR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.12-1.50) and stroke risk factors (OR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.10-1.51) in
multivariable analyses. Conclusions: The awareness of major stroke symptoms is insufficient. Whereas
hypertension was the most often mentioned stroke risk factor, few subjects recognized tobacco smoking and
diabetes mellitus as major risk factors for stroke.
Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]
MeSH: Age Distribution, Age Factors, Alcohol Drinking -- epidemiology, Aphasia -- epidemiology, Comorbidity,
Coronary Disease -- epidemiology, Denmark -- epidemiology, Diabetes Mellitus -- epidemiology, Early
Diagnosis, Educational Status, Facial Paralysis -- epidemiology, Female, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia --
epidemiology, Hypertension -- epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity -- epidemiology, Paresis --
epidemiology, Population Surveillance, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sedentary Lifestyle, Sex Distribution, Sex
Factors, Smoking -- epidemiology, Stress, Psychological -- epidemiology, Stroke -- diagnosis, Vision Disorders -
- epidemiology, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice (major), Stroke -- epidemiology (major)
Publication title: Neuroepidemiology
Volume: 35
Issue: 3
Pages: 165-70
Number of pages: 6
Publication year: 2010
Publication date: Oct 2010
Year: 2010
Publisher: S. Karger AG
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Place of publication: Basel
Country of publication: Switzerland
Publication subject: Medical Sciences--Psychiatry And Neurology
ISSN: 02515350
Source type: Scholarly Journals
Language of publication: English
Document type: Journal Article
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000314344
Accession number: 20571286
ProQuest document ID: 758841242
Document URL: http://search.proquest.com/docview/758841242?accountid=50673
Copyright: Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
Last updated: 2014-04-01
Database: ProQuest Medical Library,ProQuest Psychology Journals
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