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Paige Daniel, Maggie Laskey,

Mary Lulloff, Bryce Sutter

Ecology is the scientific study of interactions of organisms
with one another and with the physical and chemical
Symbiosis is when two different living things are in close
association and interact with one another, and it often
times benefits both species.
An example of this would be bees and orchids, because
the bees get pollen from the orchids and this can help the
orchids reproduce.
Mutualism: mutualism is
when two organisms work
together to benefit each
commensalism is when
two living things interact
and only one benefits and
the other is neither
harmed nor helped.
Parasitism: parasitism is
when two organisms
interact and one is
harmed and the other is

Mutualism: Red-billed
Oxpeckers feed on
parasites found on
Impalas. Oxpeckers get
food and Impalas get
Commensalism: golden
jackals will trail tigers and
feed on what it kills.
Jackals gain food and
tiger gains nothing.
Parasitism: Leeches
attach themselves to
humans for food.
Humans are lose blood.
Habitat: Habitat is the natural
environment of a species
Community: Communities are
networks of interacting species
Niche: A niche is role a species
plays in an ecosystem to affect
another species
Habitat examples: the
rainforest is the habitat of a
poison dart frog
Community examples:
Roadrunners, rattlesnakes, and
mice all interact together in the
same habitat
Niche examples: A mountain
lion kills a deer and leaves
leftovers, and a vulture comes
and feeds on the carcass

Predator: carnivorous
species that hunts,
kills, and eats other
species to survive
Example: A piranha is
a predator that hunts
Prey: An omnivorous
or herbivorous
species that is hunted,
killed, and eaten by
Example: An angelfish
is prey to the piranha
Pioneer Species: A species that reestablishes itself in a
different habitat
Example: The Coatimundi, originally found only in the
Southern parts of Arizona, have now been spotted in
Northern Arizona.
Competition: When several species compete for similar
Examples: Sharks compete with each other for food, and
when there is no food available, they eat each other.
Carrying Capacity: How
many animals a habitat
can sustain
Example: The reason
deer are hunted is
because if there are too
many, theyll use up all the
Species Population: all
individuals of a specific
Example: Shark species
populations are declining
over time
Limiting Factors: Causes for a species population to stop
growth or decrease in size
Examples: Predators can be limiting factors if they kill too
much of their prey
Succession: changes a species goes through over time
Examples: A tree starts out as a seed, then goes through
succession and turns into a tree