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Code No: 33067

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

 1. If P(A) = a, P(B) =b, P(A ∩ B ) = c, express the following interms of a, b, and c (a) i. P(A c ∩ B c ) ii. P(A c ∩ B ) iii. P (A c ∩ (A ∪ B )) iv. P[(AU (A c ∩ B ))] (b) Box A contains nine cards numbered 1 to 9 and box B contains ﬁve cards numbered 1 to 5. A box is chosen at random and a card is drawn, if the card shows an even number another card is drawn from the same box, if the card shows an odd number a card is drawn from the other box. i. What is the probability that both cards show even numbers? ii. If both cards show even numbers, what is the probability that they come from box A. iii. What is the probability that both cards show an odd number? [6+5+5] (a) 2. Find the variance of the binomial distribution . (b) Determine the probability distribution of the number of bad eggs in a basket containing 6 eggs given that 10% of eggs are bad in a large consignment[8+8] 3. If x is a Poisson variate such that 3p (x = 4) = 1 2 p (x = 2) + p (x = 0) ﬁnd (a) i. the mean of x ii. p(x≤2) (b) Prove that the mean = mode = median for a normal distribution. [8+8]

4. A population consists of 5,10,14,18,13,24 consider all possible samples of size two which can be drawn without replacement from the population. Find

 (a) The mean of the population. (b) The standard deviation of the population. (c) The mean of the sampling distribution of means (d) The standard deviation of sampling distribution of means. [4×4] 5. (a) A random sample of 400 ﬂower stems has an average length of 15 cms. Can this be regarded as a sample from a large population with mean 16 cms and S.D 5 cms.

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Code No: 33067

Set No. 1

(b) 20 people were attacked by a disease and only 18 survived will you reject the hypothesis that the survival rate if attached by this disease is 85% in favour

of the hypothesis that is more at 5% level.

[8+8]

6. The following is the distribution of hourly number of trucks arriving at a company’s warehouse;

 No.of Trucks 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Frequency 52 151 130 102 45 12 5 1 2

Find the mean of this distribution, and using it as parameter λ , ﬁt a Poisson distribution. Test for goodness of ﬁt at the 0.05 level of signiﬁcance? [16]

7. (a) Fit the curve y = ae bx to the following data

 x: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 y: 20 30 52 77 135 211 326 550 1052

(b) Fit a second degree polynomial to the following data, taking x as independent

[8+8]

variable:

 x: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 y: 2 6 7 8 10 11 11 10 15

8. (a) A sample of 12 fathers and their eldest sons gave the following data about their height in inches calculate the coeﬃcient of rank correlation. [8+8]

 Fathers 65 63 67 64 70 68 62 66 68 67 69 71 Sons 68 66 68 65 68 69 66 65 71 67 68 70

(b) Given that x = 4y + 5 and y = k x +4 are the regression lines of x on y and y on x, respectively, show that 0 k 25. If k = 0.10 actually, ﬁnd the means of the variables x and y and also their coeﬃcient of correlation.

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Code No: 33067

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

 1. The probabilities of passing in subject A, B, C, D are 3/4, 2/3, 4/5 and 1/2 respectively. To qualify in the examination a student should pass in A and two subjects among the three what is the probability of qualifying in that examination. (a) (b) There are two boxes. In box–I, 11 cards are there numbered 1 to 11 and in box– II 5 cards numbered 1 to 5. A box is chosen and a card is drawn. If the card shows an even number then another card is drawn from the same box. If card shows an odd number another card is drawn from the other box. Find the probability that i. Both are even ii. Both are odd. [8+8] (a) 2. A sample of 4 items is selected at random from a box containing 12 items of which 5 are defective. Find the expected number of defective items. (b) Six cards are drawn from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that i. at least three are diamonds ii. none is a diamond. [8+8] (a) 3. Find the probability that at most 5 defective components will be found in a lot of 200 it experience. Shows that 2% of such components are defective. Also ﬁnd the probability of more than ﬁve defective components. (b) Write the importance of normal distribution. (c) If the mean and S.D of normal distribution are 70 and 16, ﬁnd p(x=38) < x < p(x=46) [5+5+6]

4. Samples of size 2 are taken from the population 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 without re- placement. Find

 (a) mean of the population (b) standard deviation of population (c) the mean of sampling distribution of means (d) standard deviation of sampling distribution of means. [16] 5. (a) A random sample of 400 ﬂower stems has an average length of 15 cms. Can this be regarded as a sample from a large population with mean 16 cms and S.D 5 cms.

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Code No: 33067

Set No. 2

(b) 20 people were attacked by a disease and only 18 survived will you reject the hypothesis that the survival rate if attached by this disease is 85% in favour

of the hypothesis that is more at 5% level.

[8+8]

6. (a) A random sample from a company’s very extensive ﬁles shows that the orders for a certain kind of machinery were ﬁled, respectively in 10,12,19,14,15,18,11 and 13 days. Use the level of signiﬁcance α =0.01 to test the claim that on the average such orders are ﬁeld in 10.5 days. Assume normality?

(b) The results of polls conducted 2 weeks and 4 weeks before a election are shown

in the following table:

 Two weeks before election Four weeks before election For Republican canditate 79 91 For Democratic canditate 84 66 Undecided 37 43

Use the 0.05 level of signiﬁcance to test whether there has been a change in

opinion during the 2 weeks between the polls.

7. (a) In the following table tensile force applied to a steel specimen in thousands of

[8+8]

pounds, and y is the resulting elongation in thousand of an inch:

[8+8]

 1 x 2 3 4 5 6 14 y 33 40 63 46 85

Fit a st. line y = ax + b, and use it to predict the elongation when the tensile force is 3.5 thousand pounds.

(b) Fit a curve of the form y = ab x for the following data.

 x 1 2 3 4 5 6 y 6 18 35 160 485 1460

8. (a) The regression equations of two variables x and y are

x = 0.7 y + 5.2, y = 0.3x + 2.8. Find the mean of the variables and the coeﬃcient of correlation between them

(b) Consider the following data:

 x -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 y 0.1 2.5 3.4 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.5 2.8 0.3

Find the correlation coeﬃcient ‘r’.

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[6+10]

Code No: 33067

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

 (a) 1. Of the three men, the chances that a politician, a businessman or an acad- emician will be appointed as a Vice-Chancellor (V.C.) of a University are 0.5, 0.3, 0.2 respectively. Probability that research is promoted by these persons if they are appointed as V.C. are 0.3, 0.7, 0.8 respectively. i. Determine the probability that research is promoted ii. If research is promoted, what is the probability that V.C. is an academi- cian (b) There are two boxes inbox I, 11 cards are there numbered 1 to 11 and in box-II, 5 cards numbered 1 to 5. A box is chosen and a card is drawn. If the card shows an even number then another card is drawn from the same box. If card shows an odd number another card is drawn from the other box. Find the probability that i. both are even ii. both are odd iii. if both are even. What is the probability that they are from box-I. [8+8] (a) 2. If X and Y are discrete random variables and K is a constant then prove that. i. E ( X + K) = E(X) + K ii. E(X+Y) = E(X) + E(Y) (b) Out of 800 families with 5 childrens each, how many would you expect to have i. 3 boys ii. At least one boy. [8+8] 3. If for a poisson variate 2p(x=0) = P(x=2). Find the probability that (a) i. p (x ≤ 3) ii. P (2 < x ≤ 5) (b) Show that the mean deviation from the mean equals (approximately) to 4/3 of standard deviation for normal distribution. [8+8] (a) 4. A random sample of size 81 is taken from an inﬁnite population having the mean 65 and standard deviation 10. What is the probability that x will be between 66 and 68? (b) Write about

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Code No: 33067

i. Critical region ii. Two tailed test.

Set No. 3

[8+8]

 (a) 5. In a random sample of 125 cola drinkers, 68 said they prefer thumsup to pepsi. Test the null hypothesis p = 0.5 against the alternate hypothesis p>0.5 (b) A random sample of 100 teachers in a large metropolitan area revealed a mean weekly salary of Rs. 487 with a standard deviation Rs. 48. With what degree of conﬁdence can we assert that the average weekly salary of all teachers in the metropolitan area is between 478.6 to 495.4 [8+8] (a) 6. The measurements of the output of two units have given the following results. Assuming that both samples have been level whether the two populations have the same varience. Unit-A 14.1 10.1 14.7 13.7 14.0 Unit-B 14.0 14.5 13.7 12.7 14.1 (b) The following are the samples of skills. Test the signiﬁcant diﬀerence between the means at .05 level. [8+8] Sample-I 74.1 77.7 74.4 74 73.8 - Sample-II 70.8 74.9 74.2 70.4 69.2 72.2 7. Derive normal equations to ﬁt y = ax b (a) (b) Fit a parabola of the form y = a + bx + cx 2 for the following data [6+10]
 x 4 2 6 8 10 3.07 y 12.85 31.47 57.38 91.29

8. Find the least squares regression equation of X 1 on X 2 and X 3 from the following

data.

[16]

 X 1 3 5 6 8 12 14 X 2 16 10 7 4 3 2 X 3 90 72 54 42 30 14

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Code No: 33067

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. (a)

(b)

If A and B are any two arbitrary events of the sample space then Prove that

P( A U B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A B)

A problem in statistics is given to three students A,B,C whose chances of solv-

ing it are 1 2 , 3

is solved.

4 and 1 4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem

(c) Find the probability of getting a sum of 10 if we throw two dice.

[5+5+6]

2. If F(x) is the distribution function of X given by

(a)

F (x ) = 0

if

x 1

k (x 1) 4

= if 1 < x 3

= if

1

determine

i. f(x)

x > 3

ii. k

iii. Mean

Find the maximum n such that the probability of getting no head in tossing

[8+8]

3. Seeds are packed in packets of 20. It is known that 5% do not germinate. Determine the number of packets containing

(b)

(a)

a coin n times is greater than .1

i. atleast 2

ii. at most 2 non germinating seeds in a consignment of 1000 packets.

(b)

In a test on 2000 electric bulbs, it was found that the life of a particular make was normally distributed with an average life of 2040 hrs and S.D of 40hrs. Estimate the number of bulbs likely to burn for

i. More than 2140 hrs

[8+8]

4. Sample of size 2 are collected from the population 3,5,7,9,11 without replacement. Find the

ii. between 1920 and 2080.

 (a) Mean of population. (b) Standard deviation of population. (c) Mean of the sampling distribution of means.

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Code No: 33067

Set No. 4

[8+8]

5. (a) If 80 patients are treated with an antibiotic 59 got cured. Find a 99% conﬁ- dence limits to the true proportion of cure?

(b) If a random sample of 120 pumps includes 47 required repairs within the ﬁrst

5 years, test the null hypothesis P = 0.30 against the alternative hypothesis

[8+8]

6. The following are the average weekly losses of worker hours due to accidents in 10 industrial plants before and after a certain safety programme was put into opera- tion:

(d) Standard deviation of sampling distribution of means.

P > 0.30 at 0.05 level of signiﬁcance?

 Before: 45 73 46 124 33 57 83 34 26 17 After: 36 60 44 119 35 51 77 29 24 11

Test whether the safety programme is eﬀective in reducing the number of accidents

at the level of signiﬁcance of 0.05?

7. (a) The measurements of humidity and the moisture content in a raw material are given in the following table. Fit a Straight line of the form y = ax + b

[16]

 Humidity (x) 42 35 50 43 48 62 31 36 44 39 55 48 Moisture 12 8 14 9 1 16 7 9 12 10 13 11

(b) Find the most possible values of x and y

 x + 2y - 7 = 0 2x + 3y-2 = 0 x + 8y - 3 =0 3x - y + 5 = 0. [8+8]

8. (a) The following table gives experimental values of the three variates X,Y and Z. Fit a multiple regression of the type Z = α X + β Y.

 X 1 2 3 5 Y 1 3 4 2 Z 7 18 25 23

(b) The following are the marks obtained by 12 students in Economics and Sta-

tistics:

 Economics(x) 78 56 36 66 25 75 82 62 Statistics(y) 84 44 51 58 60 68 62 58

Compute the Spearman rank correlation coeﬃcient between x and y. [8+8]

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