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Approval Standard

for
Fire Doors



Class Number 4100

October 1988














2003 FM Approvals LLC. All rights reserved.


Foreword



The FM Approvals certification mark is intended to verify that the products and services described
will meet FM Approvals stated conditions of performance, safety and quality useful to the ends of
property conservation. The purpose of Approval Standards is to present the criteria for FM Approval
of various types of products and services, as guidance for FM Approvals personnel, manufacturers,
users and authorities having jurisdiction.

Products submitted for certification by FM Approvals shall demonstrate that they meet the intent of
the Approval Standard, and that quality control in manufacturing shall ensure a consistently uniform
and reliable product. Approval Standards strive to be performance-oriented. They are intended to
facilitate technological development.

For examining equipment, materials and services, Approval Standards:

a) must be useful to the ends of property conservation by preventing, limiting or not
causing damage under the conditions stated by the Approval listing; and

b) must be readily identifiable.

Continuance of Approval and listing depends on compliance with the Approval Agreement,
satisfactory performance in the field, on successful re-examinations of equipment, materials, and
services as appropriate, and on periodic follow-up audits of the manufacturing facility.

FM Approvals LLC reserves the right in its sole judgment to change or revise its standards, criteria,
methods, or procedures.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
I INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Basis for FM Approval ....................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.4 Basis for Continued Approval ............................................................................................................................................ 2
1.5 Basis for Requirements ...................................................................................................................................................... 2
1.6 Effective Date ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2
1.7 System of Units .................................................................................................................................................................. 2
II GENERAL INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................................. 3
2.1 Fire Door Assemblies ......................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Operation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 3
III APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS AND GLOSSARY .............................................................................................................. 3
3.1 Applicable Documents ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
3.2 Glossary .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3
IV GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................................... 5
4.1 Markings ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5
4.2 Installation ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6
4.3 Design Reviews .................................................................................................................................................................. 6
4.4 Fire Protection Ratings ....................................................................................................................................................... 7
4.5 Oversized Doors ................................................................................................................................................................. 7
4.6 Special Provisions ............................................................................................................................................................... 7
4.7 Frames ................................................................................................................................................................................. 8
4.8 Hardware ............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
4.9 Re-Examinations ................................................................................................................................................................. 9
V PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................................................................................... 9
5.1 Fire Test .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
5.2 Cycling Tests ..................................................................................................................................................................... 11
5.3 Durability Test .................................................................................................................................................................. 12
5.4 Panic Loading Test ........................................................................................................................................................... 13
VI OPERATIONS REQUIREMENTS ...................................................................................................................................... 13
6.1 Demonstrated QC Program ............................................................................................................................................. 13
6.2 Facilities and Procedures Audit (F&PA) ......................................................................................................................... 14
APPENDIX A UNITS OF MEASUREMENT ......................................................................................................................... 15
APPENDIX B FM Approval Identification Labeling and Marking Procedures (ASTM E 152) ...................................... 16
BI General ............................................................................................................................................................................... 16
BII Label or Mark Design ...................................................................................................................................................... 16
BIII Label and Marking Die Procurement ............................................................................................................................. 18
BIV Label Control (By Door/Frame Manufacturer) ............................................................................................................. 19
APPENDIX C Labeling Usage Log ........................................................................................................................................... 21
CI. The Labeling Procedure .................................................................................................................................................. 21
APPENDIX D Classification of Openings ................................................................................................................................ 22
APPENDIX E Builders Hardware ............................................................................................................................................ 23
APPENDIX E (Continued) ......................................................................................................................................................... 24
I INTRODUCTION
1.1 Purpose
This standard states FM Approval requirements of fire door and frame assemblies.
1.2 Scope
1.2.1 This standard sets requirements for the performance of fire door and frame assemblies for the protection
of openings in walls against the spread of fire within buildings, whether from an interior or exterior source.
1.2.2 This standard applies to the following door and frame classifications:
Classification
a) Composite Doors
b) Curtain-type Doors
c) Hollow Metal Doors
d) Metal Clad (Kalamein) Doors
e) Rolling Steel Doors
f) Sheet Metal Doors
g) Special Purpose Doors
h) Tinclad Doors
i) Wood Core Doors
j) Fire Door Hardware
k) Fire Door Frames
1.2.3 This standard shall be used to measure and describe the performance of fire door and frame assemblies
subjected to fire exposure under controlled laboratory conditions. The results of these controlled exposures
shall not be used to describe or appraise actual exposure conditions, since such conditions vary widely.
1.3 Basis for FM Approval
FM Approval is based upon satisfactory evaluation of the product and the manufacturer in the following areas:
1.3.1 Examination and tests on production samples shall be performed to evaluate
the suitability of the product;
the proper operation and performance of the product as specified by the manufacturer and required by
FM Approvals; and, as far as practical,
the durability and reliability of the product.
1.3.2 An examination of the manufacturing facilities and audit of quality control procedures shall be made to
evaluate the manufacturers ability to produce the product which is examined and tested, and the marking
procedures used to identify the product. These examinations are repeated as part of FM Approvals product
follow-up program.
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FM APPROVALS 1
1.4 Basis for Continued Approval
Continued Approval is based upon:
production or availability of the product as currently Approved;
the continued use of acceptable quality control procedures;
satisfactory field experience;
compliance with the terms stipulated in the Approval Agreement; and
re-examination of production samples for continued conformity to requirements.
1.5 Basis for Requirements
1.5.1 The requirements of this standard are based on experience, research and testing and/or the standards of
other national and international organizations. The advice of manufacturers, users, trade associations and
loss control specialists was also considered.
1.5.2 Authorization must be obtained from FM Approvals before a revision or substitution of any component is
allowed in an Approved fire door and frame assembly.
1.5.3 The requirements of this standard reflect tests and practices used to examine characteristics of fire door
assemblies for the purpose of obtaining FM Approval. These requirements are intended primarily as
guides, and strict conformity is not always mandatory. Fire door assemblies having characteristics not
anticipated by this standard may be Approved if performance is equal or superior to that required by this
standard, or if the intent of the standard is met. Alternatively, fire door assemblies which do meet all the
requirements identified in this standard may not be Approved if other conditions which adversely affect
performance exist or if the intent of this standard is not met.
1.6 Effective Date
1.6.1 The effective date of an Approval Standard mandates that all products tested for Approval after the
effective date shall satisfy the requirements of that standard. Products Approved under a previous edition
shall comply with the new version by the effective date or else forfeit Approval. The effective date shall
apply to the entire Approval Standard, or, where so indicated, only to specific paragraphs of the standard.
1.6.2 The effective date of this standard is January 1, 1990 for full compliance with all requirements.
1.7 System of Units
Units of Measurement are English System standard units. These are followed by their arithmetic equivalents in
International System (SI) units, enclosed in parentheses. Appendix A lists the selected units for quantities dealt
with in testing these products; conversions to SI units are included. Conversion of customary English units is in
accordance with ASTM E 380.
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II GENERAL INFORMATION
2.1 Fire Door Assemblies
Fire door assemblies consist of a door, frame and hardware. They are used to prevent the passage of fire through
openings in fire resistant-rated walls.
2.2 Operation
Fire doors are designed for automatic closing by actuation of an FM Approved fusible link or other method
acceptable to FM Approvals. Each fire door and frame is reinforced where necessary to permit attachment of
hardware and automatic closing devices.
III APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS AND GLOSSARY
3.1 Applicable Documents
The following are standards, test methods and practices referenced in this standard:
American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM E 152
Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Door Assemblies
National Fire Protection Association NFPA 80
Standard for Fire Doors and Windows
National Fire Protection Association NFPA 101
Code for Safety to Life from Fire in Buildings and Structures
3.2 Glossary
For purposes of this standard, the following terms apply:
Astragal A horizontal or vertical molding attached to the meeting edge of one leaf of a pair of
swinging or biparting sliding doors for protection against the passage of smoke, flame
or gases during a fire.
Automatic
Closing Device
A device attached to a door that causes the door to close when activated as a result of
a predetermined temperature, rate of temperature rise, smoke or product of combustion.
Builders
Hardware
Hardware that is intended for use with swinging doors. This type of hardware is not
usually supplied by the door manufacturer.
Closed Position An arrangement of the fire door assembly such that all edges of the door are fully
engaged into or against locks, latches, sills, jambs, stops, binders or any other such
devices used to secure the door and protect the opening from the passage of flame.
Allowance is made for designed clearances between items in the assembly.
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FM APPROVALS 3
Composite Door A door consisting of wood, plastic or metal facings bonded to a solid core.
Curtain-Type
Door
A door consisting of interlocking steel blades or a continuous formed spring steel
curtain installed in a steel frame.
Door Closer A device applied to a door and frame to cause the open door to close by mechanical
force. The closing speed may be regulated by this device.
Fire Door The door component of a fire door assembly.
Fire Door
Assembly
Any combination of a fire door, frame, hardware and other accessories, that together
provide a specific degree of fire protection to the opening.
Fire Door
Hardware
Hardware that is intended for use with both swinging or sliding doors, and is supplied
by the door manufacturer. It consists of all hardware attached to sliding doors and
special items applied to swinging doors such as, but not limited to, surface mounted
strap hinges, surface applied latches, latch keepers and operating handle mechanisms.
Fire Exit
Hardware
Exit devices that have been tested for both fire and panic situations.
Fire Protection
Rating
A designation relative to the duration of the fire test exposure to which a fire door
assembly was successfully exposed.
Fire Rated Glass Glass that is suitable for use in fire doors as a vision panel or in frames as a side light
or transom light. Glass may be either wired blass (containing an embedded wire netting)
1
4 in. (6.4 mm) minimum thickness, or clear glass (containing no wires)
3
16 (4.8 mm)
minimum thickness. When clear glass is used, each individual light installed shall bear
the marking of an independent testing agency certifying that the glass has satisfactorily
withstood the necessary fire and hose stream tests.
Flame Baffle Ahinged sheet metal piece within the hood of a rolling steel door which, when released,
closes the space between the top of the curtain and the hood.
Frame The component of a fire door assembly that is integrally attached to the perimeter of the
opening and is used to support the door.
Fusible Link Consists of two pieces of metal joined together by a special solder that melts at a
predetermined temperature allowing the pieces of metal to separate.
Governor A device that limits the speed of descent of the door during automatic closure.
Hardware A generic term used to describe items that are mounted in or on the door or frame. It
includes, but is not limited to, items such as locks, latches, hinges and door closers.
Hollow Metal
Door
A door having a suitably reinforced outer skin. The door faces are supported by steel
stiffeners or alternatively, a paper honeycomb core material. Insulating or sound
deadening cores may also be used.
Metal Clad
(Kalamein) Door
A door having a well-seasoned wood core covered by sheets of 24 gauge (0.51 mm) or
lighter metal.
Power Operator A device which opens and/or closes doors electrically, pneumatically, or mechanically.
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4 FM APPROVALS
Rolling Steel Door A door assembly which consists mainly of an interlocking steel slat curtain and utilizes
an automatic release device which, when activated, causes the curtain to close.
Shall Indicates a mandatory requirement.
Sheet Metal Door A door with either corrugated or flush steel sheets riveted or welded to a steel
framework.
Side Light A frame containing fire rated glass which is attached to the door frame.
Special
Purpose Door
A door of special construction whose intended end-use does not lend itself to being
included in other door classifications. Generally, these doors are not self-latching or
provided with automatic closing devices. Examples are acoustical, radiation shielding,
or pressure-resistant doors.
Temperature Rise
Rating
The maximum temperature rise above the ambient temperature developed on the
unexposed face of the door at 30 minutes of fire exposure.
Tinclad Door A door with two- or three-ply wooden core construction covered with 30 gauge
(0.25 mm) galvanized steel plate having a maximum size of the 14 20 in.
(0.36 0.51 m) or 24 gauge (0.51 mm) galvanized steel sheets not more than 48 in.
(1.22 m) wide.
Transom An opening in a frame containing fire rated glass or a metal panel located above the
door.
Vision Panel A fire rated glass-filled opening contained within a door.
Wood Core Door A door consisting of wood, hardboard or plastic face sheets bonded to a wood block or
wood particle board core material with wood edges.
IV GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
4.1 Markings
4.1.1 Approved fire doors and frames shall display a permanent marking in a visible or readily accessible
location bearing the FM Approval Mark. The locations of the Approved Markings shall be as follows:
A. Rolling steel and vertically sliding doors shall bear the marking on the bottom bar.
B. Horizontally sliding doors shall bear the marking on the trailing edge or the face of the door panel.
C. Swinging doors and frames shall bear the marking on the hinge side near eye level.
4.1.2 The labeling procedures, the physical requirements and the information that is to be included on all labels
for fire door assemblies that are tested in accordance with Section 5.1 shall be as follows:
A. fire door assemblies that are tested in accordance with ASTM E 152 shall follow the guidelines
specified in Appendices B, C and D of this standard.
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FM APPROVALS 5
B. Fire door assemblies tested in accordance with a standard other than ASTM E 152 shall be handled on
a case-by-case basis using the following guidelines:
Details of the test standard used;
Intended geographical area where the product will be marketed;
Known label requirements of the local authority having jurisdiction.
4.1.3 Use of a label stating that the door is OVERSIZED shall be allowed when circumstances require the
door to be larger that the sizes tested. Restrictions on the use of this label shall be clearly stated in each
Approval Report. See Section 4.5
4.1.4 Doors which have been reinforced to allow for the attachment of fire exit devices shall clearly state on the
label bearing the FM Approval Mark that the door may be equipped with such items.
4.1.5 Doors that have a temperature rise rating shall have the rating indicated on the label. Use of the tem-
perature rise rating shall be limited to the size of door fire tested in accordance with section 5.1.
4.1.6 A copy of the marking or label used to denote FM Approval shall be included as an attachment to each
Approval Report
4.2 Installation
4.2.1 Written installation instructions and reset instructions (if applicable) for each rolling, sliding or special
purpose door shall be submitted for review. The installation instructions shall clearly state the proper
installation sequence for each item in the assembly as well as a field testing procedure to ensure the door
assembly functions properly once it is installed. The reset instructions shall detail the steps required to
reset the door properly after it has been activated. Guidance on door maintenance shall also be included.
These written instructions shall be provided with each unit when shipped from the manufacturers facility.
4.2.2 Written installation instructions for each fire door frame shall be submitted for review. The installation
instructions shall provide clear guidance on the number, type, location and use of anchors used to secure
the frame to the wall. These written instructions shall be provided with each unit when shipped from the
manufacturers facility.
4.2.3 All fire door assemblies covered by this standard shall be designed such that when properly installed, they
shall be in accordance with the National Fire Protection Standard NFPA 80 Standard for Fire Doors and
Windows.
4.3 Design Reviews
4.3.1 Detailed drawings for each type of door to be Approved shall be submitted for review. Drawings shall
clearly locate and identify all components, specifications and materials used to fabricate the item.
4.3.2 Fire doors shall be designed for automatic closing by actuation of an FM Approved fusible link or other
acceptable method. Each fire door and frame shall be reinforced where necessary to permit attachment of
hardware and automatic closing devices. The method of door operation for other than fire conditions shall
not be limited, provided that such operation does not interfere with the automatic closing capability of the
door under fire conditions.
4.3.3 The manufacturer shall assign specific model names and/or numbers to each product for purposes of
identification.
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4.4 Fire Protection Ratings
4.4.1 Fire door assemblies tested in accordance with Section 5.1.1 shall be classified according to the fire
resistance properties that were exhibited during the test. Assemblies shall be assigned a maximum rating
expressed in hours and fractions thereof based upon the test results. Fire door assemblies may bear an
hourly designation less than the maximum rating. Permissible hourly rating designations, restrictions on
the use of vision panels and intended opening classifications are shown in Appendix D.
4.4.2 Fire door assemblies tested in accordance with Section 5.1.2 shall utilize a separate system for determining
the fire protection rating. The system shall be based on the requirements of the specific test standard
employed. Consideration shall also be given to the present fire protection rating and any other pertinent
information deemed necessary by FM Approvals in a manner that will be meaningful to the local authori-
ties having jurisdiction.
4.4.3 In addition to the fire protection rating noted above, doors that have been tested in accordance with
ASTM E 152 shall also indicate the temperature rise rating. If no temperature rise rating is indicated, it
shall be assumed to be greater than 650F (343C).
4.4.4 The fire protection rating of the fire door assembly shall be limited to the minimum hourly fire protection
rating of any component of the assembly.
4.5 Oversized Doors
4.5.1 The maximumApproved door size of a specific door type shall be the largest door successfully fire tested.
4.5.2 Rolling steel and sliding door assemblies exceeding the maximum size tested may bear a special
FM Approvals label stating that the assembly is OVERSIZED. Guidelines on the use of this label are
listed below.
A. The construction of the oversize assembly shall conform in all respects with the Approved door
construction, except for size.
B. The Approval Report shall clearly state the maximum size door which may bear the special
OVERSIZE label.
C. Assemblies exceeding the maximum size door which may be labeled OVERSIZE may not be
labeled as such without written authorization from FM Approvals. These assemblies shall be reviewed
on a case-by-case basis, and may require additional testing as deemed necessary.
4.6 Special Provisions
4.6.1 Louvers
Louvers shall not be permitted in FM Approved fire doors.
4.6.2 Vision Panels
A. Only fire rated wire glass shall be installed within an Approved steel frame secured to the door
B. The maximum allowable exposed glass area shall be in accordance with Appendix D.
C. All cutouts and modifications to the door panel shall be made at the manufacturers facilities, or at
authorized modifying distributors that are under FM Approvals Facilities and Procedures Audit
program.
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FM APPROVALS 7
4.6.3 Fusible Links
Fusible links used in conjunction with fire doors covered by this standard shall be FM Approved. Other
types of heat sensitive links may be used provided that they are FM Approved. The maximum temperature
rating of any link used to activate the closing of fire doors covered by this standard shall be 165F (74C)
4.6.4 Flame Baffles
A flame baffle shall be required in the hood of all rolling steel fire doors.
4.6.5 Astragals
An astragal shall be provided on one leaf of all swinging doors used in pairs and horizontally or vertically
biparting sliding doors.
4.6.6 Governors
A governor shall be provided on all rolling steel and vertically sliding doors for openings greater than 5 ft
(1.52 m) in height or horizontally sliding doors greater than 5 ft (1.52 m) in width.
4.7 Frames
4.7.1 Frames shall be installed in accordance with National Fire Protection Association NFPA 80 Standard
for Fire Doors and Windows and in conjunction with the manufacturers instructions.
4.7.2 Performance of all frames shall be substantiated by a fire test conducted in accordance with Paragraph 5.1.
Frames that are tested in conjunction with a masonry or concrete wall system shall be limited in use to a
masonry or concrete wall system.
4.7.3 Swinging Doors
A. Frames shall be made of steel and may be of the single unit or two-section type. Frames made from
other materials shall require additional testing or special consideration as deemed necessary by
FM Approvals.
B. Frames consist essentially of head and jamb members, and shall include suitable hardware reinforce-
ment, door stops and provisions for anchoring to floors and walls.
C. Frames with inoperable transoms, side lights or side panels may be provided.
1) Frames with solid transoms and/or panels shall be permitted in situations where up to 3 hours of fire
protection is required.
2) Frames with glazed transoms and/or side lights shall be permitted only in situations where
3
4 hour
of fire protection is required.
D. Double egress frames are intended for use only with double egress door designs with which it has been
specifically fire tested.
4.7.4 Rolling Steel, Horizontally Sliding and Vertically Sliding Doors
When frames are provided, they shall be made from steel shapes or formed steel plates.
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8 FM APPROVALS
4.8 Hardware
4.8.1 Hardware shall be designed such that when installed they shall be in accordance with National Fire
Protection Association NFPA 80 Standard for Fire Doors and Window, NFPA 101 Code for Safety to Life
from Fire in Buildings and Structures, and in conjunction with the local authority having jurisdiction and
the manufacturers written instructions.
4.8.2 Performance of all hardware shall be substantiated by a fire test and a durability test conducted in
accordance with Paragraphs 5.1 and 5.3 of this standard. Other tests included in Section V of this standard
may be required if deemed necessary by FM Approvals.
4.8.3 Approval of swinging composite, hollow metal, metal clad, flush sheet metal, and wood core door
assemblies is granted based upon test results that utilize a specific combination of builders hardware. Other
builders hardware may be used provided that it is compatible to the door design and its fire protection
rating. Latch throws and the size and quantity of hinges shall, at a minimum, be as was fire tested. For
guidelines in the use of alternate builders hardware, see Appendix E.
4.8.4 Approval of swinging tinclad, flush or corrugated sheet metal doors as well as sliding, rolling and special
purpose doors is granted based upon test results that utilize a specific set of fire door hardware. This
specific set of hardware shall be supplied with the door and frame assemblies.
4.9 Re-Examinations
4.9.1 FM Approvals may require re-examination of any type of individual or class of Approved products. The
basis for and the extent of the re-examinations may vary. Re-examinations may be required to verify the
continued suitability of the door assembly design, or for unsatisfactory product performance, unsatisfac-
tory quality control, or product modifications which have left the integrity of the product in doubt.
4.9.2 Manufacturers failing to comply with all terms of the re-examination shall forfeit FM Approval of the
product.
V PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
5.1 Fire Test
5.1.1 Requirements
A. All fire door assemblies submitted for Approval shall be subjected to a fire test. The fire tests shall be
conducted in accordance with the procedure specified in the American Society for Testing and Mate-
rials ASTM E 152, Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies.
B. Fire tests conducted in accordance with a standard other than ASTM E 152 may be accepted at the
discretion of FM Approvals provided that the basic characteristics are essentially the same as or exceed
those contained in ASTM E 152.
5.1.2 Test/Verification
A. A fire door assembly shall be subjected to the standard controlled fire exposure per ASTM E 152 for
a specified time period followed by the application of a specified hose stream test to determine the fire
resistance rating of the assembly.
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FM APPROVALS 9
B. The assembly shall be considered as having successfully passed the test for the desired exposure period
if it has met or exceeded the conditions of acceptance as stated in ASTM E 152 and in addition, has
also adhered to the following constraints:
1) The test assembly shall have withstood the fire endurance test and the hose stream test without
developing openings anywhere through the assembly. An opening is defined as through holes in the
assembly that can be seen from the unexposed side when looking perpendicular to the plane of the
assembly at the location of the suspected opening. Exceptions are the dislodging of small portions
of glass light during the hose stream, permissible separations between meeting edges of pairs of
doors and permissible openings between the bottom edges of doors and sills as stated below.
2) No flaming shall occur on the unexposed surface of a door assembly during the first 30 minutes of
the classification period.
3) After 30 minutes, some intermittent light flames (approximately 6 in. [152 mm]) long, for periods
not exceeding 5 minute intervals, may occur along the edges of the doors.
4) Light flaming may occur during the last 15 minutes of the classification period on the unexposed
surface area of the door, provided it is contained within a distance of 1
1
2 in. (38 mm) from a vertical
door edge and within 3 in. (76 mm) from the top edge of the door and within 3 in. (76 mm) from
the top edge of the frame of a vision panel.
5) The movement of swinging doors mounted in pairs (incorporating an astragal) shall not result in any
portion of the meeting edges moving more than the thickness of the door away from the adjacent
door edge in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the doors during the entire classification
period, or as a result of the hose stream test. They shall not separate in a direction parallel to the
plane of the doors more than
3
4 in. (19 mm), nor a distance equal to the throw of the latch bolt at
the latch location.
6) Door frames to be evaluated with doors shall remain securely fastened to the wall on all sides and
shall not permit through openings between the frame and doors, or between the frame and adjacent
wall.
7) Sliding doors mounted on the face of a wall shall not move from the wall sufficiently to develop
a separation or more that 2
7
8 in. (73 mm) during the entire classification periods, or as a result of
the hose stream test.
8) The bottom bar of rolling steel doors shall not separate from the floor structure more than
3
4 in.
(19 mm) during the classification period, or as a result of the hose stream test. The bottom edge of
rolling counter doors or single slide dumbwaiter doors shall not separate from the sill more than
3
8 in. (10 mm).
9) The meeting edge of center parting horizontal sliding doors and biparting vertical sliding doors shall
not separate more than the door thickness in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the doors.
10) The meeting edges of center parting horizontal sliding doors (incorporating an astragal) shall not
separate in a direction parallel to the plane of the doors more than
3
4 in. (19 mm) nor a distance
equal to the throw of the latch bolt along the meeting edges.
11) A resilient astragal, if provided, shall not deteriorate sufficiently to result in through openings
during the fire endurance test, but small portions may be dislodged during the hose stream test.
12) The meeting edges of center-parting horizontal slide-type elevator door assemblies, for a fire and
hose stream exposure of 1
1
2 hours or less, shall not move apart more than 1
1
4 in. (32 mm) as
measured in any horizontal plane during the entire classification period or immediately following
the hose stream test.
C. Fire door assemblies that are tested in accordance with a standard other than ASTM E 152 shall meet
the conditions of acceptance of the specific test standard and any additional constraints deemed
necessary by FM Approvals.
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10 FM APPROVALS
5.2 Cycling Tests
5.2.1 Requirements
A. Each door submitted for FM Approval shall be subjected to a cycling test in order to ensure that the
product will operate reliably when activated.
B. The cycling tests shall be performed according to the guidelines shown below for a particular type of
door.
5.2.2 Test/Verification
A. ROLLING STEEL DOORS shall be cycle tested at the manufacturing facility as part of the initial
quality control inspection. The cycle testing shall be carried out as follows:
1) A complete assembly shall be erected.
2) The door shall be left in the open position and cycle tested by activating the fusible link or other
method of automatic closing device being used.
3) The door shall close unimpeded at a controlled rate of descent having an average velocity not
greater than 2 ft/sec (0.61 m/sec) until coming to rest in the closed position.
4) The door shall be reset according to the manufacturers written instructions.
5) The above steps 2) through 4) shall be repeated a total of 25 times; however, the fusing of the link
shall be required for only one of the cycle tests. The remaining 24 tests may be done by simulating
fusing of the link by disconnecting the cable at the link.
6) The test shall be considered successful if the unit comes to rest in the closed position for
25 consecutive repetitions of the above.
B. HORIZONTALLY SLIDING DOORS shall be cycle tested at the manufacturing facility as part of the
initial quality control inspection. Separate cycle tests shall be required for level track and for an
inclined track. The cycle testing shall be carried out as follows:
DOORS WITHOUT POWER OPERATORS
1) A complete assembly shall be erected.
2) The door shall be left in the fully open position and cycle tested by activating the fusible link or
other method of automatic closing that is being used.
3) The door shall close unimpeded at a controlled rate having an average velocity not greater than
2 ft/sec (0.61 m/sec) until coming to rest in the closed position.
4) The door shall be returned to the fully open position and the fusible link arrangement or other
automatic closing device being used shall be reset.
5) The above steps 2) through 4) shall be repeated a total of 25 times; however the fusing of the link
shall be required for only one of the cycle tests. The remaining 24 tests may be done by simulating
fusing of the link by disconnecting the cable at the link.
6) The test shall be considered successful if the unit comes to rest in the closed position for
25 consecutive repetitions of the above.
DOORS WITH POWER OPERATORS
1) A complete assembly shall be erected.
2) The door shall be left in the fully closed position.
3) The power operator shall be activated. When the leading edge is within 2 to 3 ft (0.6 to 0.9 m) of
the open position, the door shall be cycle tested by activating the fusible link or other method of
automatic closing that is being used.
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 11
4) The automatic or integral releasing device must fully disconnect the door from the control of the
power operator and the door shall close unimpeded at a controlled rate having an average velocity
not greater than 2 ft/sec (0.61 m/sec) until coming to rest in the closed position.
5) The fusible link arrangement or other automatic closing device being used and the power operator
shall be reset.
6) The above steps 2) through 5) shall be repeated a total of 25 times; however, the fusing of the link
shall be required for only one of the cycle tests. The remaining 24 tests may be done by simulating
fusing of the link by disconnecting the cable at the link.
7) The test shall be considered successful if the unit comes to rest in the closed position for
25 consecutive repetitions of the above.
C. VERTICALLY SLIDING DOORS shall be cycle tested in accordance with horizontally sliding doors
as specified in B. above.
D. SWINGING DOORS shall be provided with hardware that is in conformance with Section 4.8 and
shall not be required to be subjected to cycle testing unless deemed necessary by FM Approvals.
5.3 Durability Test
5.3.1 Requirements
A. Each door submitted for FM Approval shall be subjected to a durability test in order to ensure that the
product is durable when subjected to ordinary, everyday usage.
B. The durability tests shall be performed to the guidelines shown below for a particular type of door.
5.3.2 Test/Verification
A. Fire door assemblies shall be tested for durability at the manufacturing facility or other location
acceptable to FM Approvals. Successful completion of this test shall qualify the assembly to be used
with methods of operation deemed appropriate by FM Approvals. The test shall be as follows:
1) A complete assembly shall be erected.
2) The door shall be operated through a specified number of repetitions of the open/close cycle.
3) The test shall be considered successful if the unit completes the specified number of repetitions of
the open/close cycle without failure or replacement of any component which would prevent the
assembly from performing its intended function.
4) The purpose of this test is to verify the durability of the door and/or frame assembly. Items not
normally provided by the door manufacturer, such as builders hardware, may be replaced during the
test if deemed necessary by FM Approvals.
B. ROLLING STEEL DOORS shall be required to complete 7500 repetitions of the open/close cycle.
C. HORIZONTALLY SLIDING DOORS shall be required to complete 7500 repetitions of the open/close
cycle.
D. VERTICALLY SLIDING DOORS shall be required to complete 7500 repetitions of the open/close
cycle.
E. SWINGING DOORS shall be required to complete 100,000 repetitions of the open/close cycle.
F. OVERSIZED DOORS shall be handled on a case-by-case basis. Durability tests shall be conducted as
deemed necessary by FM Approvals.
4100 October 1988
12 FM APPROVALS
5.4 Panic Loading Test
5.4.1 Requirements
A. Swinging fire door assemblies submitted for Approval may not be provided with fire exit hardware
unless they are subjected to the Panic Loading Test.
B. Assemblies subjected to this test shall demonstrate sufficient qualities to ensure that they would not
impede the safe egress features of the fire exit hardware.
C. Each door in a pair of swinging doors shall successfully pass the panic Loading Test if the assembly
is to be Approved for use in double swing applications.
D. All doors must be adequately reinforced for the mounting of the fire exit hardware.
E. The permanent label applied to each Approved door must clearly state that the door may be equipped
with fire exit hardware in accordance with Section IV and Appendix B.
5.4.2 Test/Verification
A. A single door being tested shall be subjected to a horizontal load of 250 lbs (113.5 kg) applied to the
strike jamb side at latch height.
B. Pairs of doors being tested shall be subjected to a horizontal load of 250 lbs (113.5 kg) applied adjacent
to the meeting edges at latch height on the active door and at mid height on the inactive door.
C. The assembly shall be examined for rigidity while under this loading.
D. The release force on the crossbar of all doors being tested which is necessary to retract the latches, shall
not exceed 50 lbs (22.7 kg).
E. When pairs of doors are being tested, both doors must open when the top and bottom bolts of the
inactive door are retracted.
VI OPERATIONS REQUIREMENTS
6.1 Demonstrated QC Program
6.1.1 A Quality Control program is required to assure that each subsequent assembly produced by the manu-
facturer shall present the same quality and reliability as the specific samples examined. Design quality,
conformance to design, and performance are the areas of primary concern.
Design quality is determined during the examination and tests.
Conformance to design is verified by control of quality in the following areas:
Existence of corporate quality control guidelines
Incoming inspection and test
In-Process inspection and test
Final inspection and text
Equipment calibration
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 13
Drawing and change control
Packaging and shipping
Quality of performance is determined by field performance and by re-examination and test.
6.1.2 The manufacturer shall establish a system of product configuration control to prevent unauthorized
changes, including, as appropriate:
Engineering drawings
Engineering change requests
Engineering orders
Change notices
These shall be executed in conformance with a written policy and detailed procedures. Records of all
revisions to all Approved products shall be kept.
6.1.3 The manufacturer shall notify FM Approvals of any modification to an Approved product and shall assign
an appropriate person or group to be responsible to obtain FM Approvals authorization of all such changes.
FM Approvals Form 797, Approved Product Revision Report or Address/Contact Change Notice, is
provided to notify FM Approvals of pending changes.
6.2 Facilities and Procedures Audit (F&PA)
6.2.1 At manufacturing Plant
a) An inspection of the product manufacturing facility shall be part of the Approval investigation. Its
purpose shall be to determine that equipment, procedures, and the manufacturers controls are properly
maintained to produce a product of the same quality as initially tested.
b) Periodic, unannounced follow-up inspections shall be conducted to assure continued quality control
and product uniformity.
4100 October 1988
14 FM APPROVALS
APPENDIX A
UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Length: in. - inches
(mm - millimeters)
mm = in. 25.4
ft - feet
(m - meters)
m = ft 0.3048
Area: in
2
square inches
(mm
2
square millimeters)
mm
2
= in.
2
6.4516 10
2
Force: lbs pounds
(kg kilograms)
kg = lbs 0.454
Temperature: F degrees Fahrenheit
(C degrees Celsius)
C = 5 (F 32) / 0
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 15
APPENDIX B
FM Approval Identification
Labeling and Marking Procedures
(ASTM E 152)
BI General
B1.1 The Approval agreement signed by and between FM Approvals and the manufacturer provides that the
manufacturer shall use the FM Approval Mark or Label on the product covered exclusively by the
Approval Report, but shall not use this identification on any other product unless such other product is
covered by separate agreement with FM Approvals.
B1.2 The manufacturer shall fabricate the product only as Approved by FM Approvals and no changes of any
nature shall be made in the product unless notice of the proposed change has been given and written
authorization obtained from FM Approvals. The manufacturer agrees to make full and immediate disclo-
sure to FM Approvals of all information concerning any defect in the product. Failure to comply with this
agreement shall result in suspension or withdrawal of FM Approvals.
B1.3 The manufacturer shall imprint or otherwise apply such markings to eligible products only within, and on
the premises of, the manufacturing facility at which Approval has been granted.
B1.4 The Approval identification mark shall not be applied by the manufacturer or his agent outside of the plant
whether or not such products would otherwise be eligible to bear such symbols.
BII Label or Mark Design
B2.1 Design
The label design characteristics and securement noted below are to assure at least partial destruction of the
label during unauthorized attempts at removal.
B2.2 Label or Mark Characteristics
B2.2.1 Labels may be metal (stainless steel, brass or aluminum), plastic (Mylar or equivalent), or embossed.
The metal or plastic labels shall be
7
8 3
1
2 in. (22.2 88.9 mm) to 1
1
4 5
1
4 in. (31.8 133.4 mm)
in size. Information on metal labels shall be in raised lettering using either an embossing or etching
method. Sample labels are illustrated in Figure 1. The color and format are the prerogative of the
manufacturer subject to the restrictions contained herein.
B2.2.2 Metal or plastic labels for doors or frames shall be serialized in accordance with FM Approvals
numbering system.
4100 October 1988
16 FM APPROVALS
B2.2.3 All labels must contain the following information:
Information
Door Label
Metal or Plastic
Frame Label
Metal or Plastic Embossed
The words FIRE DOOR
The words FIRE DOOR FRAME
Serial Number Identification
Authorization Number (Dies)
Reference to ASTM E 152
Hourly Rating
Minimum Latch Throw
Temperature Rise Rating
(if applicable)

Manufacturers Name and Address *
FM Approvals Mark
*Address Optional
B2.2.4 FM Approvals may require additional information to be included or may allow certain information
to be amended or excluded at their discretion. Examples of such additional information would be
that frames contain transoms or sidelights, or that doors can be equipped to allow for the attachment
of fire exit hardware.
B2.2.5 The temperature rise rating is the maximum temperature on the unexposed surface after 30 minutes
of fire exposure. If no temperature transmission rating is given, it shall be assumed that the rise is
greater than 650F (343C). Temperature rise ratings shall be limited to the actual size door that was
fire tested.
B2.2.6 Doors larger than that successfully fire tested may be labeled using the OVERSIZE label show
in Figure 1.
B2.3 Label Securement
B2.3.1 All labels must be permanently attached.
B2.3.2 Metallic labels shall be affixed by welding, with nonremovable fasteners or other means judged
acceptable by FM Approvals.
B2.3.3 Plastic labels must be self-adhering and shall be evaluated for adhesive quality on the proposed
substrate. The adhesive used must provide partial destruction of the label when removal is
attempted.
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 17
BIII Label and Marking Die Procurement
B3.1 Labels
B3.1.1 FM Approval Labels shall be obtained only when authorized by FM Approvals and subject to its
control. Orders for Labels shall be processed through FM Approvals and shall not be filled without
authorization by FM Approvals.
B3.1.2 Labels shall be obtained only from a printer of labels who is independent of the door/frame
manufacturer and who has entered into an agreement with FM Approvals to observe all conditions
regarding design, manufacture and distribution of the label. Additional label producers may be
authorized upon their application and acceptance of FM Approvals requirements and restrictions.
B3.1.3 An up-to-date list of all label producers recognized by FM Approvals shall be given to each
manufacturer when approval is obtained. FM Approvals shall update this list as necessary and shall
inform all manufacturers of any changes to this list.
B3.1.4 The door/frame manufacturer shall prepare an order for the quantity and types of labels desired,
specifying the label manufacturer. This shall be forwarded directly to FM Approvals.
B3.1.5 Upon receipt of the order, FM Approvals shall review, assign serial numbers to be used, and forward
the order to the label manufacturer for completion. All orders are to be shipped complete. No partial
shipments are permitted.
B3.1.6 When completed, the labels shall be shipped directly to the door/frame manufacturer with a
confirming copy of the shipping order being sent immediately to FM Approvals.
B3.2 Marking Dies
B3.2.1 Marking dies to denote FM Approvals may be obtained from any die maker selected by the door/
frame manufacturer.
B3.2.2 The door/frame manufacturer shall prepare an order for the marking die, specifying the die maker.
This order shall be forwarded to FM Approvals.
B3.2.3 Upon receipt of the die order, FM Approvals shall review the format and content, and assign an
authorization code number.
B3.2.4 The order shall then be forwarded to the die maker for completion and shipment directly to the
door/frame manufacturer.
4100 October 1988
18 FM APPROVALS
BIV Label Control (By Door/Frame Manufacturer)
B4.1 The Approval Report identifies and describes the nature and construction of the product which may
use the FM Approval Mark or Label, and specifies the name of the manufacturer who may apply the
Approval Mark and the factory location at which the Label or Mark may be applied to the product.
B4.2 Immediately upon receipt of the labels by a door/frame manufacturer they shall be consigned to the
individual responsible for the quality control function.
B4.3 The manufacturer assumes full and complete responsibility for the proper safeguard, control and use
of the FM Approvals Label, and has agreed that he shall determine through constant quality controls
that the product bearing the FM Approvals Label has been made and labeled in compliance with
FM Approval requirements.
B4.4 Label attachment to the proper doors/frames rests with the quality control personnel. They shall also
be responsible for insuring labels are not left unattended.
B4.5 A log kept neatly and legibly shall be maintained by the quality control personnel for door and frame
labels. The log shall indicate the date each serial numbered label or block of labels was issued for
attachment.
B4.6 Each log must be available at all times to the FM Approvals inspector for his examination to verify
the accountability of each serialized label.
B4.7 During each of his unannounced inspections, the FM Approvals inspector shall confirm that labels are
not left unattended, and record in his report the exact amount of labels used, including the serial
numbers.
B4.8 Approval may be withdrawn by FM Approvals due to unsatisfactory performance, unsatisfactory
results in meeting requirements of re-examination, unsatisfactory quality control as determined by
follow-up audit inspections or for violations of or noncompliance with any part of these FM Approvals
Labeling Procedures.
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 19
(Company Name) FM Approvals
(City and State)
8 Hour Rated Fire Door
By ASTM E 162
Latch Throw
Serial No.
Swinging Fire Doors
(For Sliding or Rolling Steel Delete Latch Throw)
(Company Name) FM Approvals
(City and State)
8 Hour Rated Fire Door
Serial No.
Fire Doors Frames
(Company Name)
(City and State)
The Door company to a 8 Hour Rated construction but as
OVERSIZE
It was produced under the FM Approvals Audit
Inspection Program
Acceptance to the Preogative of the Authority Rating Jurisdiction
Serial No.
Oversize doors
(Rolling Steel or Sliding)
Metal and Plastic Labels
Company Name
Fire Door Frame
Embossed Marking
Figure B1. FM Approvals Identification Labels and Marking.
4100 October 1988
20 FM APPROVALS
APPENDIX C
Labeling Usage Log
CI. The Labeling Procedure
The Labeling Procedure described in Appendix B is required for all FM Approved Fire Door and Frame
Assemblies that are tested in accordance with ASTM E 152. Auditors conducting Facilities and Procedures
Audits (F&PA) monitor and record conditions concerning the label control being maintained at the manufac-
turers plant or at authorized distributors facilities. Individual plants may have a different format but the intent
is to know the quantity received, the date issued and the amount on hand at the time of the audit.
Sample Label Usage and Inventory Form
Company Sample Index No. Sample
Label design
See Attached
Drawings DFM-30 DFM-90 DFM-180 etc. Inspector Audit Date
Serial
Numbers
on
Hand
at
Log
Site
00048 to
02000
00850 to
05000
00156 to
04000
00837 to
03000 WFS 1-15-86
Labels
Received
(Quantity,
Serial #s
and Date)
2000
00001 to
02000
12-15-83
5000
00001 to
05000
12-15-83
4000
00001 to
04000
5-1-84
3000
00001 to
03000
2-2-84
Sample Plant Log Format
Serial
Numbers
Job Order
Number
Number of
Labels
Date
Issued
# Labels on
Hand
# Labels
Received
1000
1-15-85
1000
00001-00063 J3-84 63 1-20-85 937
00064 K1-84 1 1-21-85 936
00065-00100 H1-84 36 1-22-85 900
1900
1-20-85
1000
00101 K2-84 1 2-1-86 1899
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 21
APPENDIX D
Classification of Openings
Table D1
Opening
Classification
Fire Protection
Rating Intended Use
Max Exposed
Glass Vision
Panel Area*
A 3 or 4 hrs Openings in fire walls separating buildings or a
single building into important fire areas.
Generally, fire doors are required on both sides
of the fire wall when its fire protection rating
exceeds 3 hours.
None
B 1
1
2 or 1 hr Openings in enclosures of vertical communica-
tions through buildings and in 2-hour rated
partitions providing horizontal fire separations.
100 in.
2
(0.065 m
2
) per door leaf with no
dimension exceeding 33 in. (0.84 m)
C
3
4 hr Openings in walls or partitions between rooms
and corridors having a fire resistance rating of
1 hour or less.
1296 in.
2
(0.84 m
2
) per light with no
dimension exceeding 54 in. (1.37 m)
D 1
1
2 hr Openings in exterior walls subject to severe
fire exposure from outside the building.
None
E
3
4 hr Openings in exterior walls subject to moderate
or light fire exposure from outside the building.
1296 in.
2
(0.84 m
2
) per light with no
dimension exceeding 54 in. (1.37 m)
*Temperature rise ratings (if applicable) shall be negated if a door panel contains more than 100 in.
2
(0.065 m
2
) of exposed glass vision panel
unless substantiated by test data.
4100 October 1988
22 FM APPROVALS
APPENDIX E
Builders Hardware
Table E1
Hinges for Swinging Doors
Maximum Door Size Minimum Hinge Size
Max Hourly
Rating (hrs)
Width
ft (m)
Height
ft (m)
Height
in. (mm)
Thickness
in. (mm)
Type
of Hinge
For 1
3
4 in. (45 mm) or Thicker Doors
3 4 (1.22) 10 (3.05) 4
1
2 (114.3) 0.180 (4.57) See Note 1
3 4 (1.22) 8 (2.44) 4
1
2 (114.3) 0.134 (3.40) See Note 1
3 4 (1.22) 10 (3.05) 4 (101.6) 0.225 (5.72) Steel Pivots
3 3 (0.91) 7 (2.13) 4
1
2 (114.3) 0.134 (3.40) See Note 1
Self-Closing spring type
3 3 (0.91) 7 (2.13) 4 (101.6) 0.105 (2.67) See Note 1
Self-Closing spring type
1
1
2 32 (0.96) 8 (2.44) 6 (152.4) 0.225 (5.72) Steel olive knuckle or
paumelle
1
1
2 3 (0.91) 5 (1.52) 4 (101.6) 0.130 (3.30) See Note 1
1
1
2 2 (0.61) 3 (0.91) 3 (76.2) 0.092 (2.34) See Note 1
For 1
3
8 in. (34.9 mm) Doors
3 3 (0.91) 7 (2.13) 3
1
2 (88.9) 0.123 (3.12) See Note 1
3 28 (0.81) 7 (2.13) 3
1
2 (88.9) 0.105 (2.67) Self-Closing spring type
Notes: 1) Hinges are steel, mortise or surface type unless otherwise specified.
2) Doors up to 60 in. (1.52 m) in height shall be provided with two hinges. An additional hinge is required for each additional
30 in. (0.76 m) of door height or fraction thereof.
3) 4
1
2 in. (114 mm) high x 0.180 in. (4.57 mm) thick hinges should be used on doors that are unusually wide and heavy, or
which receive a high frequency of use.
4) All hinges or pivots, except spring hinges, shall be of the ball bearing type. Hinges or pivots employing other than
anti-friction bearing surfaces or made from a lighter weight are permitted if they meet test requirements.
October 1988 4100
FM APPROVALS 23
APPENDIX E
(Continued)
Table E2
Latching Devices for Swing Doors
Single Swing Doors Doors in Pairs*
Door Type
Max
Rating
hours
Max Opening
Height
ft (m)
Min Latch
Throw**
in. (mm)
Max Opening
Height
ft (m)
Active Leaf
Min Latch Throw
in. (mm)
Composite
Wood (flush) 1
1
2 10 (3.05)
1
2 (12.7) 8 (2.44)
3
4 (19.05)
Plastic (flush)
1
1
2 9 (2.44)
1
2 (12.7) 7 (2.13)
3
4 (19.05)
1 9 (2.44)
1
2 (12.7) 8 (2.44)
3
4 (19.05)
3
4 10 (3.05)
1
2 (12.7) 8 (2.44)
3
4 (19.05)
Steel (flush)
3 8 (2.44) 3 point surface
3 8 (2.44)
5
8 (15.88) 76 (2.29)
5
8 (15.88)
1
1
2 8 (2.44)
1
2 (12.7) 76 (2.29)
5
8 (15.88)
Hollow Metal
(flush)
3 10 (3.05)
1
2 (12.7) 8 (2.44)
3
4 (19.05)
1
1
2 10 (3.05)
1
2 (12.7) 9 (2.74)
3
4 (19.05)
Hollow Metal
(paneled or flush)
3 10 (3.05) 3 point concealed 10 (3.05) 3 point concealed***
Metal Clad/Sheet Metal
(paneled or flush)
1
1
2 8 (2.44)
1
2 (12.7) 8 (2.44)
3
4 (19.05)
*The inactive leaf of doors in pairs shall be equipped with top and bottom bolts unless shown otherwise (***).
**Smaller latch throws may be used if substantiated by test data.
***Inactive leaf for hollow metal paneled or flush requires 2 point concealed latch.
4100 October 1988
24 FM APPROVALS