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Generi

c
Name
Bran
d
Name
Classificat
ion
Indication Action Adverse
Reactio
n
Time &
Dosag
e
Nursing
Consideration
omepr
azoles
odium
Antiulcer
Proton
pump
inhibitor
Pregnancy
risk
category C

-
Symptomat
ic
gastroesop
hageal
reflux
disease
(GERD)
without
esophagea
l
lesions
-Erosive
esophagiti
s and
accompan
ying
symptoms
caused by
GERD
-
Maintenan
ce of
healing
erosive
esophagiti
s


Inhibits
proton
pump
activity by
binding
to
hydrogen-
potassium
adenosine
triphospha
tase,
located at
secretory
surface of
gastric
parietal
cells, to
suppress
gastric
acid
secretion.
CNS:
asthenia
,
dizzines
s,
headach
e.
GI:
abdomin
al pain,
constipa
tion,
diarrhea,
flatulenc
e,
nausea,
vomiting
.
Muscul
oskelet
al: back
pain.
Respira
tory:
cough,
upper
respirato
ry tract
infection
.
Skin:
rash.
4g IM
IVTT
Dosage
adjustments may
be necessary
in Asians and
patients with
hepatic impairment.
Alert: Amoxicillin
may trigger
anaphylaxis
in patients with a
history of penicillin
hypersensitivity.
Drug increases its
own bioavailability
with repeated
doses. Drug is
unstable in
gastric acid; less
drug is lost to
hydrolysis
because drug
increases gastric
pH.
Gastrin level rises
in most patients
during
the first 2 weeks of
therapy.
Look alike
sound alike: Dont
confuse
Prilosec with
Prozac, Prilocaine,
or Prinivil


Generi
c
Bran
d
Classificat Indication Action Adverse
Reactio
Time &
Dosag
Nursing
Name Name ion n e Consideration
Aceta
minop
hen
paracet
amol
Analgesic
Para-
aminophen
ol
derivative
Pregnancy
risk
category B
-Mild pain
or fever
Thought
to
produce
analgesia
by
inhibiting
prostaglan
din and
other
substance
s that
sensitize
pain
receptors.
Drug may
relieve
fever
through
central
action in
the
hypothala
mic
heat-
regulating
center.
Hematol
ogic:
hemolyti
c
anemia,
leukope
nia,
neutrop
enia,
pancyto
penia.
Hepatic:
jaundice
.
Metabol
ic:
hypogly
cemia.
Skin:
rash,
urticaria.
50mg
Q4
IVTT
Alert: Many OTC
and prescription
products contain
acetaminophen; be
aware
of this when
calculating total
daily dose.
In children, dont
exceed five doses
in
24 hours.

Generic
Name
Brand
Name
Classification Indication Action Adverse
Reaction
Tramadol Analgesics
Synthetic,
centrally active
analgesics
Pregnancy risk
category C
-Moderate to
moderately severe
chronic pain
Unknown.
Thought to bind
to opioid
receptors
and inhibit
reuptake of
norepinephrine
and serotonin.
CNS:
dizziness,
headache,
somnolence,
vertigo,
seizures,
anxiety,
asthenia,
CNS
stimulation,
confusion,
coordination
disturbance,
euphoria,
malaise,
nervousness,
sleep
disorder.
CV:
vasodilation.
EENT: visual
disturbances.
GI:
constipation,
nausea,
vomiting,
abdominal
pain,
anorexia,
diarrhea, dry
mouth,
dyspepsia,
flatulence.
GU:
menopausal
symptoms,
proteinuria,
urinary
frequency,
urine
retention.
Musculoskel
etal:
hypertonia.
Respiratory:
respiratory
depression.
Skin:
diaphoresis,
pruritus, rash.


Generic
Name
Brand
Name
Classification Indication Action Adverse
Reaction
Nicardipine
2mg
IVTT
Antihypertensive
Calcium Channel
Blocker
Pregnancy risk
category C
-Chronic Angina
(used alone with
other antianginals)
Inhibits calcium
ion influx across
cardiac
and smooth
muscle cells but
is more
selective to
vascular smooth
muscle than
cardiac muscle.
Drug also
dilates coronary
arteries and
arterioles.
CNS:
headache,
dizziness,
lightheadedn
ess,
asthenia.
CV:
peripheral
edema,
palpitations,
flushing,
angina,
tachycardia.
GI: nausea,
abdominal
discomfort,
dry
mouth.
Skin: rash.



Generic
Name
Brand
Name
Classification Indication Action Adverse
Reaction
metoprolol
1mg
IVTT
Antihypertensive
Selective Beta
Blocker
Pregnancy risk
category C
-Hypertension
-Early intervention
in acute MI
Unknown. A
selective beta
blocker that
selectively
blocks beta1
receptors;
decreases
cardiac output,
peripheral
resistance, and
cardiac oxygen
consumption;
and depresses
renin secretion.
CNS: fatigue,
dizziness,
depression.
CV:
hypotension,
bradycardia,
heart
failure, AV
block,
edema.
GI: nausea,
diarrhea,
constipation,
heartburn.
Respiratory:
dyspnea,
wheezing.
Skin: rash.