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How do genetics and heredity affect

the way organisms survive?


Powerpoint by Raffy Grullon
Background Information
Before I began this experiment, I used several resources to help me gain a better understanding on the subject of
genetics and heredity. One of these resources, included an example of it that was able to show how genetics are able to
change features, and allow some organisms to have traits that will improve their chance of surviving. In this example,
several rats were shown, both having different fur colors, brown and white. The white ones quickly began to fade from
the environment they were in, while the brown mice were able to survive without getting eaten. This is because they
were able to create a camouflage, in assist them with survival. Their fur was a similar to the ground, which was
something that could prevent them from being eaten by their predators, which in this example, was a owl. Displaying
that, unlike the white mice, the brown mice were able to gain genetic traits which would allow them to survive in their
chosen environment. This shows that, in order to survive, organisms will adapt to their environment, to prevent their
deaths and survive more effectively.
Hypothesis
With this information, it can be hypothesized that the genetic and
hereditary traits of some organisms will change in order to allow it
to survive. They adapt to their environment and gain traits that will
make living much easier, and will pass these traits on to their
offspring, which will prevent the species from being killed because
of a weakness they have not yet changed. This will also cause their
species to go on living for a much longer time as, the gained traits
will serve as a means to protect themselves from being annihilated
by certain factors, such as predators. This process can be known as
evolution, and it is the reason why many creatures appear
drastically different than the why they did several billion years ago,
and it is also the reason why some species are able to thrive in a
location, while others are promptly eliminated for not making the
necessary changes needed in order to stay alive in that
environment.
Materials
The materials needed in order to prove this
are as follow: an organism that does not have
a trait critical to its survival, and a location to
observe them in.
Variables
The location which has something that makes
the organisms life more difficult, will be the
Independent variable. The organism itself,
however, shall be the dependent variable, as it
is what the independent variable is what
causes change upon it, in order for it to
survive better under the locations
circumstances.
Procedure
The organism will spend several years developing the trait
needed to ensure their survival is made easier, possibly
several million. This is because, the location they are in,
does not provide them with something they need which
will aid them live in their home. So they must gain a certain
trait needed to accommodate for the missing help that the
location is not providing them, thus causing them to gain a
new attribute. As mentioned before, this attribute will most
likely take millenniums to fully develop. For example, the
giraffe is said to have only gained its long neck after several
years of evolution and mating of other giraffes that
continuously stretched their necks in order to obtain food;
as shown by this illustration:
Evolution of Giraffe
Conclusion
After researching the subject, I was able to locate
the answer to my question. Genetics and heredity
affect the way an organism is able to survive as,
they can provide certain characteristics to an
entire species, and allow them to continue living
on for centuries. They are also able to change the
population of said organisms as, if a different kind
of the organism fails to gain the traits needed to
survive; it will be killed while those that were
able to change for the better; will suddenly take
up most of the population.