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Running Head: A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE

A Research Proosa!
Nursing s"uden" hand h#giene ha$i"s
Trena Da%%
&es" Coas" Uni'ersi"#
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE (
A Research Proosa! o)
Nursing s"uden" hand h#giene ha$i"s
Introduction
For #ears "he e*er"s in %icro$io!og# ha'e ad'ised o) "he $ene)i"s o) roer hand
h#giene+ esecia!!# in "he hea!"hcare en'iron%en", Ha'ing "his da"a c!ear!# docu%en"ed has no"
corro$ora"ed a roer rac"ice $# hea!"hcare -or.ers $# sho-ing higher ra"e a" -hich hosi"a!
ac/uired in)ec"ions are reor"ed, 0Hosi"a!1ac/uired in)ec"ions 2HAIs3 are a%ong "he "o )i'e
!eading causes o) dea"h in "he Uni"ed S"a"es+ s"ri.ing 4,5 o) e'er# 677 a"ien"s ad%i""ed "o "he
hosi"a!,8 2HAIs+ (7663, This o'ersigh" in roer hand h#giene can esecia!!# $e a ro$!e%
-here hea!"hcare -or.ers can e*ose a"ien"s and co1-or.ers "o co%!ica"ions associa"ed -i"h
%icro$es, Nurses ha'e "he grea"es" a%oun" o) a"ien" con"ac" in "he hosi"a! en'iron%en",
09icroorganis%s re%ain on "he hands o) nurses )or di))eren" dura"ions,8 2Er.an+ Findi.+ To.uc+
(7663, Researchers need "o as. "he /ues"ion o) -here "his !ase in roer rocedures origina"es,
Does "here need "o $e addi"iona! "raining+ does "here need "o $e %ore e))ec"i'e "raining+ is "here
su))icien" "raining during nursing schoo!: The urose o) "his research is "o s"ud# "he hand
h#giene rac"ices o) nursing s"uden"s and e'a!ua"e ho- "hese rac"ices change as "heir educa"ion
rogresses "o de"er%ine i) "he regression in roer hand h#giene origina"es during nursing schoo!
or a)"er e%!o#%en" as a nurse $egins,
The indeenden" 'aria$!es o) "his s"ud# are "he nursing s"uden"s "ha" are $eing sur'e#ed,
Nursing s"uden"s "ha" -i!! $e sur'e#ed -i!! enro!!ed in 'arious "er%s o) an acce!era"ed ;SN
nursing rogra%, The deenden" 'aria$!e o) "his s"ud# -i!! concen"ra"e on "he )re/uenc# and
"#e o) hand h#giene "ha" nursing s"uden"s er)or% in "he c!inica! en'iron%en",
RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE <
&e$s"er=s Dic"ionar# de)ines h#giene as 0condi"ions or rac"ices conduci'e "o hea!"h,8
For "his s"ud#+ "he de)ini"ion o) hand h#giene is an# rocedure using -a"er!ess soa>ge! or soa
and -a"er "o c!eanse and sani"i?e "he hands, The de)ini"ion o) c!inica! en'iron%en" is hosi"a!+
c!inics and u$!ic hea!"h en'iron%en"s "ha" nursing s"uden"s are assigned "o in order "o co%!e"e
"he s"a"e re/uire%en" )or 0on1hands8 e*erience,
The h#o"hesis o) "his s"ud# is "ha" "he resu!"s -i!! sho- "ha" nursing s"uden"s ha'e $e""er
hand h#giene rac"ices as $eginner or )unda%en"a! s"uden"s and "hen decrease "heir roer hand
h#giene rac"ices as "heir educ"ion rogresses "hroughou" nursing schoo!, The assu%"ion is "ha"
o!d ha$i"s o) hand h#giene re1e%erge once nursing s"uden"s $eco%e %ore co%)or"a$!e -i"h "heir
en'iron%en"s,
Theoretical Framework
The )ra%e-or. used )or "his research roosa! is $ased on increased hosi"a! ac/uired
in)ec"ions $eing !in.ed "o "he !ac. o) roer hand h#giene rac"iced $# nurses, Conce"s "o $e
e*!ored consis" o) )re/uenc# and si"ua"ions o) -hen and -here hand h#giene is rac"iced, I a%
using a "en"a"i'e "heor# $ased on "he re!a"ionshi "ha" e*is"s -i"h roer hand h#giene and "he
increase in hosi"a!1ac/uired in)ec"ions,
A cross sec"iona! sur'e# -i!! $e direc"ed "o-ards nursing s"uden"s a" a!! !e'e!s o) c!inica!
ins"ruc"ion, Resu!"s -i!! $e e'a!ua"ed !oo.ing )or "rends in hand h#giene "hroughou" each "er%,
The ra"iona!e )or choosing "his )ra%e-or. is "o disco'er a" -ha" oin" in a nurses
educa"ion do "heir ha$i"s on hand h#giene change,
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 4
Review of the Literature
The re'ie- o) "he !i"era"ure re!a"ed "o ho- hand h#giene rac"ices change "hroughou"
nursing schoo! is !i%i"ed, There are %an# s"udies on hand h#giene "raining and .no-!edge a)"er
"raining, A!! research is in agree%en" "ha" hand h#giene "raining in nursing schoo! is high!#
e))ec"i'e and .no-!edge is su))icien" a)"er "raining,
In a s"ud# conduc"ed $# Er.an+ Findi. and To.uc=s 2(7663+ researchers e'a!ua"ed "he
hand1-ashing $eha'ior and .no-!edge $e)ore and a)"er "raining, The s"ud# in'o!'ed (77 nurses
-ho -ere gi'en 47 %inu"es o) "raining a!ong -i"h a researcher de'e!oed hand$oo., The nurses
-ere sur'e#ed rior "o "he "raining and 6 %on"h a)"er "he "raining, Resu!"s o) "he s"ud# indica"ed
"ha" "here -as an increase in .no-!edge as -e!! as hand h#giene )re/uenc#,
Concern -as raised in (767 -hen an audi" o) a Uni'ersi"# Hosi"a! in Singaore re'ea!ed
"ha" s"uden" nurses a'eraged a 45@ co%!iance ra"e in hand h#giene, Sa!%on+ &ang+ See"oh+
Lee and Fisher=s 2(76<3 conduc"ed a s"ud# "ha" o))ered "hese s"uden"s a "raining rogra% $ased
on "he &or!d Hea!"h Organi?a"ion=s 09# 5 %o%en"s )or hand h#giene8 aroach, &i"hin ( #ears
o!!ing o) "hese sa%e a"ien"s+ re'ea!ed i%ro'e%en" 0,,, nursing s"uden"s -ere 47@ %ore !i.e!#
"o co%!# -i"h hand h#giene rac"ices8,
In a s"ud# conduc"ed in Hong Aong 2Chau+ Tho%son+ T-inn+ Lee+ Pang+ (7663+ research
-as conduc"ed "o iden"i)# o%issions in hand h#giene rac"ice and g!o'e use, The o$ser'a"iona!
s"ud# re'ea!ed "ha" hand h#giene -as a" B4,B@ co%!iance+ ho-e'er BC,5@ )ai!ed "o 'igorous!#
ru$ "heir hands "oge"her )or 65 seconds,
In a s"ud# "o assess "he e))ec"i'eness on con"inuing educa"ion in "he area o) hand h#giene
)or hea!"hcare -or.ers -as er)or%ed in ( hosi"a!s in Ohio 2A!e%agno+ Gu"en+ &ar"h%an+
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 5
Young+ 9ac.a#+ (7673, This 'o!un"ar# s"ud# addressed < di%ensions o) hand h#giene $eha'iorD
$eha'iora!+ nor%a"i'e+ and con"ro! $e!ie)s, Resu!"s indica"ed "ha" hea!"hcare -or.ers reor"ed
i%ro'e%en" in hand h#giene .no-!edge as -e!! as co%!iance $# EB@,
The /ues"ion s"i!! re%ains+ a" -ha" oin" does "he rac"ice o) roer hand h#giene $rea.
do-n: In a u$!ic hea!"h s"ud# conduc"ed -i"h nursing s"uden"s in "he S!o'a. Reu$!ic+ %an# o)
"he e*cuses gi'en )or !ac. o) co%!iance is $ased on ersona! ris. )ac"ors+ such as s.in irri"a"ion
and !ac. o) "i%e, O"her e*cuses $ased on e%o"iona! )ac"ors such as !ac. o) %o"i'a"ion and !ac.
o) osi"i'e ro!e %ode!s, 2Ae!ci.o'a+ S.odo' F S"ra.a+ (76(3,
In a c!inica! re'ie- )ro% (77E 2Na?ar.o+ (77E3+ "he au"hor sugges" "ha" nurses %a#
$e!ie'e "ha" roer hand h#giene consu%es "oo %uch "i%e and in"er)eres -i"h "heir a!read# $us#
schedu!e,
9ar. Co!e+ sugges"ed in his a$s"rac" 2Co!e+ (77B3+ "ha" nurses shou!d "a.e a rac"ica!
aroach "o hand h#giene, 9a#$e %ore co%!iance can $e achie'ed -i"h a a!"ruis"ic 'ersus a
"heore"ica! aroach, Co!e oin"s ou" "ha" a -ea.ness "ha" in %an# s"udies+ "ha" i" is rare!#
indica"i'e o) "he "#es o) si"ua"ions -here hand h#giene is o$ser'ed, I" is no"ed "ha" co%!iance
%a# $e $e""er during hand!ing o) $od# )!uids 'ersus "ha" o) %o'ing /uic.!# )ro% a"ien" "o
a"ien", 0An aroach $ased on encouraging rac"ice de'e!o%en" %a# $e %ore e))ec"i'e8,
Methodology
A si%!e descri"i'e /uan"i"a"i'e aroach -i!! $e used )or "his s"ud#, A $asic sur'e# -i!!
$e dis"ri$u"ed rando%!# a%ong aro*i%a"e!# (77 nursing s"uden"s in a E "er% acce!era"ed ;SN
rogra%, On!# nursing s"uden"s curren"!# a""ending nursing core c!asses -i!! $e sur'e#ed,
De%ograhics -i!! $e co!!ec"ed a!ong -i"h iden"i)#ing -hich "er% "he s"uden" is curren"!#
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE G
enro!!ed, The sur'e# -i!! $e anon#%ous and ar"ician"s -i!! no" $e iden"i)ia$!e o"her "han "o
"he )ac" "ha" "he# are curren" nursing s"uden"s, Par"ician"s -i!! co%!e"e a consen" )or% rior "o
agreeing "o ar"icia"e in "he s"ud#,
The ra"iona!e )or using "his "#e o) design is "o anon#%ous!# o!! nursing s"uden"s
curren"!# enro!!ed in nursing schoo!+ "o s"ud# curren" hand h#giene rac"ices, The in/uir# "o
curren" enro!!ed "er% is "o de"er%ine i) "hese rac"ices and>or a""i"udes -ane as "er%s rogress
c!oser "o gradua"ion da"e,
The da"a co!!ec"ion ins"ru%en" is an in)or%a! anon#%ous sur'e# using an 4 oin" ordina!
sca!eD A!-a#s+ A!%os" A!-a#s+ A!%os" Ne'er and Ne'er, The se""ing is con"ro!!ed $# "he
'o!un"ar# ar"ician", The sur'e# inc!udes de%ograhic /ues"ions "o dis"inguish "er% enro!!ed in
schoo!+ gender+ age $rac.e"+ "#e o) e%!o#%en" 2i) e%!o#ed3, Hues"ions 6167 as. 'arious
/ues"ions on "i%e and "#e o) hand h#giene er)or%ed $# "he s"uden" in "he c!inica! en'iron%en":
I&hen en"ering a a"ien"s roo%+ do #ou -ash #our hands using ei"her -a"er!ess
soa>ge! or soa and -a"er:
IDo #ou -ash #our hands using ei"her -a"er!ess soa>ge! or soa and -a"er
$e)ore u""ing on g!o'es:
I&hen %a.ing s.in con"ac" -i"h "he a"ien" do #ou u" on g!o'es rior "o con"ac":
I&hen "a.ing 'i"a! signs on a a"ien"+ do #ou -ear g!o'es:
IAre "here ins"ances "ha" #ou dou$!e g!o'e:
I&hen re%o'ing g!o'es in a a"ien"=s roo% do #ou -ash #our hands -i"h
-a"er!ess soa>ge! or soa and -a"er a)"er g!o'es are re%o'ed:
I&hen e*i"ing a a"ien"=s roo%+ do #ou -ash #our hands using ei"her -a"er!ess
soa>ge! or soa and -a"er:
IDo #ou )ee! !i.e #ou are ins"ruc"ed roer!# in a!! asec"s o) roer hand h#giene:
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE B
IDo #ou )ind #our hand h#giene ha$i"s ha'e changed since #ou s"ar"ed
nursing schoo!:
IDo #ou )ee! !i.e hand h#giene is o'er ra"ed in so%e si"ua"ions:
The inc!usion sa%!e si?e -i!! $e aro*i%a"e!# (77 ;SN s"uden"s curren"!# enro!!ed in
nursing core c!asses in an acce!era"ed nursing rogra%, There are no o"her inc!usion or
e*c!usion cri"eria )or "his s"ud#,
Par"ician"s -i!! co%!e"e a 'o!un"ar# consen" )or% au"hori?ing "he researcher "o use "he
in)or%a"ion o$"ained )ro% "he sur'e# )or research )indings, The ar"ician"s -i!! $e in)or%ed
"ha" a!! da"a co!!ec"ed -i!! $e anon#%ous and -i!! no" $e !in.ed "o "heir na%e,
Data Analysis
The %e"hod )or ana!#?ing "he da"a -i!! consis" o) "a.ing resu!"s )ro% "he sur'e# and
crea"ing a s#s"e%a"ic sreadshee" "o "rac. "rends $e"-een "er%+ se*+ age+ and "#e o) -or.,
Resu!"s -i!! $e dis!a#ed using a narra"i'e and "a$!e aroach, Da"a co!!ec"ion and ana!#sis -i!!
$e co!!ec"ed $ased on a "#ica! /uan"i"a"i'e research s"ud#, 2;urns F Gro'e+ (7663
Applicability to ursing
0Curren" e'idence1$ased guide!ines conc!ude "ha" in ou"$rea. si"ua"ions con"a%ina"ed
hands are resonsi$!e )or "rans%i""ing in)ec"ions and "ha" e))ec"i'e hand decon"a%ina"ion can
signi)ican"!# reduce in)ec"ion ra"es,,,8 2Un.+ (77B3, The resu!"s o) "his s"ud# cou!d $ene)i" our
hea!"hcare s#s"e% $# concen"ra"ing educa"ion a" "he susce"i$!e "i%es in nursing schoo!, A ne-
aroach -i"h $e""er "i%ing in addressing "he su$Jec" o) hand h#giene cou!d signi)ican"!# reduce
"he nu%$er o) nosoco%ia! in)ec"ions reor"ed in our hosi"a!s,
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE C
This s"ud# cou!d $e cus"o%i?ed and reroduced a" nursing schoo!s "hroughou" "he -or!d
"o disco'er "rends "ha" are a!ica$!e "o di))eren" geograhica! areas,
Areas o) nursing "ha" -ou!d $ene)i" )ro% "his research s"ud# are end!ess+ since hand
h#giene is a" "he core o) a!! in)ec"ion re'en"ion,
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE E
References
A!e%agno+ S,+ Gu"en+ S,+ &ar"h%an+ S,+ Young+ E,+ F 9ac.a#+ D, 2(7673, On!ine
Learning "o I%ro'e Hand H#giene Ano-!edge and Co%!iance A%ong Hea!"hCare &or.ers,
Journal Of Continuing Education In Nursing+ 412673+ 4G<14B6, doi:67,<E(C>77((76(41
(7677G6717G
;orchgre'in.+ C, P,+ Cha+ K,+ F Ai%+ S, 2(76<3, Hand -ashing rac"ices in a co!!ege "o-n
en'iron%en", Journal of Environmental Health, 752C3+ 6C1(4, Re"rie'ed )ro%
h"":>>search,ro/ues",co%>doc'ie->6<5(BG<4CE:accoun"idL65C5CC
;urns+ N,+ F Gro'e+ S, 2(7663, Understanding nursing research, 25 ed,+ , <B(3,
9ar#!and Heigh"s: E!se'ier,
Chau+ K,+ Tho%son+ D,+ T-inn+ S,+ Lee+ D,+ F Pang+ S, 2(7663, An e'a!ua"ion o) hosi"a!
hand h#giene rac"ice and g!o'e use in Hong Aong, Journal Of Clinical Nursing+ !2E>673+
6<6E16<(C, doi:67,6666>J,6<G51(B7(,(767,7<5CG,*
Co!e+ 9, 2(77B+ Kanuar# 6G3, "hould nurses ta#e a $ragmatic a$$roach to hand h%giene&,
Re"rie'ed )ro% h"":>>---,nursing"i%es,ne">shou!d1nurses1"a.e1a1rag%a"ic1aroach1"o1hand1
h#giene>(76GB(,ar"ic!e
Er.an+ T,+ FMndM.+ U,+ F To.uc+ ;, 2(7663, Hand1-ashing $eha'iour and nurses=
.no-!edge a)"er a "raining rogra%%e, International Journal Of Nursing 'ractice+ 17253+ 4G41
4GE, doi:67,6666>J,644716B(N,(766,76E5B,*
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 67
Hosi"a!1ac/uired in)ec"ions dra%a"ica!!# increase "rau%a a"ien"s= ris. o) in1hosi"a!
dea"h and hosi"a! s"a#: Research Ac"i'i"ies+ Augus" (766+ No, <B(, Augus" (766, Agenc# )or
Hea!"hcare Research and Hua!i"#+ Roc.'i!!e+ 9D,
h"":>>---,ahr/,go'>ne-s>ne-s!e""ers>research1ac"i'i"ies>aug66>7C66RA<,h"%!
H#giene, 2(76<3 9erria%1&e$s"er,co%, Re"rie'ed Oc"o$er+ (+ (76(+ )ro%
h"":>>---,%erria%1-e$s"er,co%>dic"ionar#>h#giene:sho-L7F"L6<C7B<(C<<,
Ae!ci.o'a+ S,+ S.odo'a+ O,+ F S"ra.a+ S, 2(76(3, E))ec"i'eness o) hand h#giene educa"ion
a $asic nursing, 'u(lic Health Nursing+ )2(3+ 65(165E, doi: 67,666
Na?ar.o+ L, 2(77E3, Po"en"ia! i")a!!s in adherence "o hand -ashing in "he co%%uni"#,
*ritish Journal Of Communit% Nursing+142(3+ G41GC,
Sa!%on+ S,+ &ang+ N,+ See"oh+ T,+ Lee+ S,+ F Fisher+ D, 2(76<+ 9a# <73, + novel a$$roach
to im$rove hand h%giene com$liance of student nurses, R"r'd )r% aricJourna!,co%>con"en">(>6>6G
Seo+ 9, 2(766+ Kune 6<3, Hand h%giene com$liance, a multidici$linar%, Re"rie'ed )ro%
h"":>>nursing,ad'ance-e$,co%>In)ec"ion1Con"ro!1Cen"er>IC1Ar"ic!es>Hand1H#giene1
Co%!iance19u!"idisci!inar#1Proac"i'e1Aroach,as*
Un., 2(77B+ No'e%$er (73, "tandard $rinci$les, hos$ital environmental h%giene and
hand h%giene, Re"rie'ed )ro% Curren" e'idence1$ased guide!ines conc!ude "ha" in ou"$rea.
si"ua"ions con"a%ina"ed hands are resonsi$!e )or "rans%i""ing in)ec"ions and "ha" e))ec"i'e hand
decon"a%ina"ion can signi)ican"!# reduce in)ec"ion ra"es
Pan De 9or"e!+ T, F,+ Aer%ode+ S,+ Progano+ T,+ F Sansoni+ K, 2(76(3, A co%arison o)
"he hand h#giene .no-!edge+ $e!ie)s and rac"ices o) I"a!ian nursing and %edica! s"uden"s,
Journal Of +dvanced Nursing+ -.2<3+ 5GE15BE, doi:67,6666>J,6<G51(G4C,(766,75B5C,*
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 66
Appendi! A
9s, Da%% is a ;SN s"uden" s"ud#ing nursing s"uden" hand h#giene rac"ices in "he
c!inica! en'iron%en", A!"hough "he s"ud# -i!! no" $ene)i" #ou direc"!#+ i" -i!! ro'ide
in)or%a"ion "ha" %igh" ena$!e )e-er hosi"a!1ac/uired in)ec"ions,
The s"ud# and i"s rocedures ha'e $een aro'ed $# "he aroria"e eo!e and re'ie-
$oards a" &es" Coas" Uni'ersi"# Q Da!!as Ca%us, The s"ud# rocedures %igh" cause )a"igue )or
#ou or #our )a%i!#, The rocedure inc!udes resonding "o a /ues"ionnaire a$ou" #our hand
h#giene rac"ices in "he c!inica! en'iron%en", Par"icia"ion in "his s"ud# -i!! "a.e aro*i%a"e!#
65 %inu"es, You are )ree "o as. an# /ues"ions a$ou" "he s"ud# or a$ou" $eing a su$Jec" and #ou
%a# ca!! 9s, Da%% a" 2EB(3 EBC17B6< i) #ou ha'e )ur"her /ues"ions,
Your ar"icia"ion in "he s"ud# is 'o!un"ar#D #ou are under no o$!iga"ion "o ar"icia"e,
You ha'e "he righ" "o -i"hdra- a" an# "i%e, The s"ud# da"a is anon#%ous+ so i" -i!! no" $e !in.ed
"o #our na%e, Your iden"i"# -i!! no" $e re'ea!ed -hi!e "he s"ud# is $eing conduc"ed or -hen "he
s"ud# is reor"ed or u$!ished, A!! s"ud# da"a -i!! $e co!!ec"ed $# 9s, Da%%+ s"ored in a secure
!ace+ and no" shared -i"h an# o"her erson -i"hou" #our er%ission,
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
I ha'e read "his consen" )or% and 'o!un"ari!# consen" "o ar"icia"e in "his s"ud#,

Su$Jec"=s Signa"ure Da"e Lega! Reresen"a"i'e Da"e
I ha'e e*!ained "his s"ud# "o "he a$o'e su$Jec" and "o ha'e sough" his>her unders"anding )or
in)or%ed consen",

In'es"iga"orRs Signa"ure Da"e
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 6(
Appendi! "
ursing #tudents $ %and %ygiene in the &linical 'nvironment
P!ease co%!e"e "he )o!!o-ing anon#%ous sur'e# "o he! aid in an i%or"an" research s"ud#,
Term( 6 ( < 4 5 G B C E )rad Month*+ear(
Male Female Age: 6C1<5 <GS
,hat type of work do you do -if employed./:
6, &hen en"ering a a"ien"s roo%+ do #ou -ash #our hands using ei"her -a"er!ess
soa>ge! or soa and -a"er:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
(, Do #ou -ash #our hands using ei"her -a"er!ess soa>ge! or soa and -a"er
$e)ore u""ing on g!o'es:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
<, &hen %a.ing s.in con"ac" -i"h "he a"ien" do #ou u" on g!o'es rior "o
con"ac":
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
4, &hen "a.ing 'i"a! signs on a a"ien"+ do #ou -ear g!o'es:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 6<
5, Are "here ins"ances "ha" #ou dou$!e g!o'e:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
G, &hen re%o'ing g!o'es in a a"ien"=s roo% do #ou -ash #our hands -i"h
-a"er!ess soa>ge! or soa and -a"er a)"er g!o'es are re%o'ed:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
B, &hen e*i"ing a a"ien"=s roo%+ do #ou -ash #our hands using ei"her -a"er!ess
soa>ge! or soa and -a"er:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
C, Do #ou )ee! !i.e #ou are ins"ruc"ed roer!# in a!! asec"s o) roer hand
h#giene:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
E, Do #ou )ind #our hand h#giene ha$i"s ha'e changed since #ou s"ar"ed nursing
schoo!:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL OF STUDENT HAND HYGIENE 64
67, Do #ou )ee! !i.e hand h#giene is o'er ra"ed in so%e si"ua"ions:
A!-a#s
A!%os" A!-a#s
A!%os" Ne'er
Ne'er
Than. #ou )or #our hones" ans-ers and )or "a.ing "i%e "o co%!e"e "his sur'e#,
P!ease re"urn "his sur'e# "o:
Trena Da%% 1 &es" Coas" Uni'ersi"#