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Road Safety Methodology and


By the
Eurosain Team
(European Road Safety Institute)
a division of Riskope International


Road Safety:
a social and civil duty

 Estimated 1.2M killed every year world-wide, and 40

times more injured (Who, 2004)

 Appx. 39 thousand fatalities in Europe, in 2008

 3.5M wounded in 2008 in Europe

 The economic impact of this human tragedy is

evaluated at 200B Euro/yr, equivalent to appx. 2% of
the European GDP
Worldwide toll of road accidents:
( Statistics by World Bank & WHO )
• The global financial cost of road traffic
injuries is 518 billion USD each year.
• The cost to low and middle income
countries is 65 billion USD, more than all
development aid income.
• For males aged 15-44, road traffic
injuries rank second (behind HIV/AIDS)
as the leading cause of premature death
and ill health worldwide.

Accidents can involve any
road user/type of traffic

Road Acccidents compared
to other hazards:

 World-wide, each Year 5 times the 2044

Tsunami victims
 In Europe, more than ten times the 9-11 Twin
Towers Attack victims each year
 In comparison, a half-dozen airlines crashes in
the first half of 2009 have killed worldwide, 2000
times less people than traffic accidents!

It would be wrong to believe
That what follows in this presentation only applies to
developed countries

 The number of victims in developing countries is

staggering and dramatically increasing. Low and
middle income countries account for more
than 85 per cent of global deaths from road
traffic accidents
 The largest reductions in accidents are driven by
rather simple mitigative measures that can be
afforded by any country, as well as education and
behavior control. 6
And like for diseases and landmines

Children are often the innocent victims:

One child is killed every three minutes world-wide,

in a road accident

The European Engagement
 2001 White paper: Reduce to
one half the victims by 2010
 2003 “Third European Road
Safety Plan” . Objective: save
20.000 lives
 2008 European Directive
2008/96/CE on Safety
Management of Road

Road Safety Planning

 Safety Audit

 Safety Review

 Road safety impact assestemt - RIA

 Accidents Review and Analysis

Safety Audit

Can be introduced at project's inception.

This preventive action is geared towards accident

reduction measures to be integrated in the project.

The Audit covers ALL the road users and is

multidisciplinary by essence.

Objectives of Safety Audit

 Hazard Identification;
 Hazard reduction or risk management
 Holistic network based approach in order to
avoid just exporting problems to other areas

Audit Process

Project Codes


Safety Review
The Road Safety Review (RSR) is deployed on
existing and open roads. It foresees cyclic re-
evaluations of safety conditions leading to safety
enhancement recommendations.

Safety Review Objectives
Road Safety Review (RSR) leads to the
definition of pertinent upgrades.

RSR allows to check the whole road

environment and leads to balanced
sustainable hazard reduction or risk
management solutions.

Safety Review Methodology
Safety Reviews are generally supported by checklists and
standard evaluation templates.

Checklist and templates encompass questions and levels

of detail compatible with the phase and criticality of the

Safety Review Benefits

 Alert (of hazards)

 Information (about the hazards)
 Support-Guide (solution)
 Control (during use)
 Forgiveness (in case of mistake)

Road Safety Impact Assessment (RIA)

RIA (Euro directive 2008/96/CE) proposes a

holistic approach of Road Safety which includes
adjacent infrastructures and elements, including
their possible change of functionality and use.

RIA Objectives

Ensure the integration of Safety in all phases of:

– Planning

– Design

– Service

RIA Methodology

Two levels:

 Global

 Specific

Analysis of Road Accidents

 Analyse all accidents of a transport system to

define critical points

 Understand the causes (main, root causes) of


 Design reasonable and sustainable hazard

reduction or risk management solutions

Worldwide toll of road accidents:
( Statistics by World Bank & WHO )
• By 2020, unless action is taken, road
traffic injuries are predicted to rise
overall by about 80 per cent in low and
middle income countries.

Source: The "World report on road traffic injury prevention"

jointly published in 2004 by the
World Bank and the World Health Organization

The war against
Road Accidents
can be Won!
 Create awareness and education programs
 Hazard and Risk analyses to define reasonable
and sustainable mitigation programs
 Multicultural understanding to design the above
keeping in mind the cultural and social
background of the road users
 Developing appropriate Road Safety Certification

Your Partner
Road Safety Certification and Hazard/Risk
Management of Roads Networks:
Let's Save Lives Together!

Many thanks to safeindianroads for asking us to promote these activities and
allowing us to use their pictures of accidents and some of their data