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# 436 Escoe: Piping and Pipeline Assessment Guide

## Hot tap number 11A-007

Engineer Yagi Siyan
Phone number 007-3-878-1007
Piping code: ASME B31.4
1.
Outside diameter (OD) - inches 30
Nominal wall thickness (tn) - inches 0.255
Measured minimum wall thickness (tmm) - inches 0.255
SMYS - psi 52000
Design factor per B31.4 or B31.8 0.5
Flange material group
Flange class 300
MAOP/Design pressure - psig
1.1
Estimated operating pressure during welding and cutting (OP)
433
Expected operating pressure during branch hydrotest (Oph) - psig
210
Operating temperature - deg. F
210
Temperature derating factor, T, (B31.8) (1.0 for B31.4)
110
1
2.
279.0667
3.
Flow velocity for gas in pipeline = 1.310 ft/sec
Flow velocity for liquid in pipeline = 1.34 ft/sec
Fluid = Liquid ft/sec
Velocity =
Velocity =
3 ft/sec
DURING CUTTING
Flow velocity (max = 15ft/sec) 2 ft/sec
4. 210
5.
E.I. Nicolai solution:
p
r
= E*t^3*(k^3 1)/(12*r^3*(1 nu^2)= psig
ASME SOLUTION FOR FULL ENCIRCLEMENT
L/Do = 2
Do/MIN(tn, tnb) = 117.6
Factor A = 0.0005
Factor B = 7620
Maximum external pressure (1.25*4*Factor B)/(3*Do*MIN(tn, tmm)= 108 psig
psig
Maximum external pressure from FE buckling analysis for LTA =
6. 318 psig
7. 1650
8.
Branch flange test pressure limit = 2250
Branch valve test pressure limit = 2250
9. 2340
Header flange test pressure limit = 1125
10.
11. 318 psig
12. 318 psig
13. 541 psig
14. 318 psig
15. 318 psig
16. 27 in. (mm)
HOT TAP CALCULATION FORM
PLANT NAME Styrene 1
AREA 11
BRANCH DATA
Outside diameter (Db) - inches 30
Nominal wall thickness - tnb - inches 0.65
Length of split tee-inches (if applicable) 60
SMYS - psi 60000
Design factor per B31.4 or B31.8 0.5
Flange class 600
Flange material group 1
Valve material group 1.7
Lower of 6, 7, or 13
Lower of 6, 8, or 13
Lower of 6, 8, or 13
Lower of 6, 8, or 13
Lower of (5 +OP), 8, or MAOP of header or machine
(0.9*MIN(tn, tmm)*Syh / Do =
DURING WELDING
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE EXTERNAL PRESSURE (DIFFERENTIAL) ON HEADER
BRANCH VALVE SEAT PRESSURE LIMIT =
BRANCH FLANGE/WALL TEST PRESSURE LIMIT
TOTAL OF 4 AND 5 =
Branch wall test pressure limit (0.9*2^tb*Syb/Lo)=
VALVE BODY/FITTING TEST PRESSURE =
MAOP 1.25 (Refer to B31.4 or B31.8) =
BRANCH (STICKER) HYDROTEST PRESSURE =
HOT TAP MACHINE TIGHTNESS TEST PRESSURE =
REQUIRED CUTTER SIZE FOR HOT TAP =
VALVE SEAT TEST PRESSURE
Pmax = 2*(SMYS)*(tmm 0.094)*F*T/OD
Figure 7-10. Typical hot tap calculation on a spreadsheet.
as 1200 psig (8.0 MPag) can be tolerated without decomposition.
However, experience indicates that pressures of the magnitude of 300 psig
(2.0 MPag) are more reliable as a safe limit for operating equipment.
Piping that contains pure acetylene should not be hot tapped.
The limiting pressure for decomposition depends on the temperature of
the acetylene. However, with temperatures experienced during welding,