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Min-cfm Max-cfm Required
Duct Size Amount Total cfm Total Small zone Bypass cfm Round Duct Rectangular Duct
R-6 0 0 0 0 bypass not needed bypass not needed
R-7 0
R-8 0
R-10 0 CFM ROUND
R-12 0 Minimum Maximum
R-14 0 200 300 6"
R-16 0 300 500 7"
8" x 10" 0 400 700 8"
8" x 12" 0 550 1100 10"
8" x 16" 0 800 1600 12"
8" x 20" 0 1100 2100 14"
8" x 30" 0 1600 3000 16"
Total 0 Copyright Arzel Zoning Technology, Inc. 2002 Rev- 2/25/03 jcr
8" X 20" or 10" X 16"
3.25" x 10"
3.25" x 12"
6" x 10"
Arzel Zoning Technology Inc.
Bypass Sizing calculator
A/C Tons
Trunk Dampering?
capacity required See README File.
This sizing calculation is only an estimate of bypass capacity needed, consideration of duct style, equipment location, diffuser style, etc, influences actual bypass
Bypass Duct Size
* If branch ducts are FlexDuct drop to next size smaller bypass
8" X 30", 10" X 20", 12" X 18"
8" X 10" or 6"x 14"
8" X 16" or 10" X 12"
RECTANGLE
Bypass Duct CFM Capacity
Enter Capacity of Cooling Unit in Ton's (over 5 ton multiply by 1.2)
Enter Number of and size of Branch runs in smallest zone
Bypass Calculator will determine size of Bypass Duct needed
Smallest Zone Size
A/C Tonnage Adjusted CFM 5" Round 140 CFM
2 600 6" Round 200 CFM
2.5 750 7" Round 280 CFM
3 900 8" Round 340 CFM
3.5 1050 10" Round or 8" X 10" 550 CFM
4 1200 8" X 12" 600 CFM
5 1500 8" X 14" or 10" X 12" 700 CFM
5 ton w/ branch dampers 300 cfm / ton 12" Round or 8" X 16" 800 CFM
Over 5 Ton 400 cfm / Ton 8" X 20" 1000 CFM
Trunk Dampering 400 cfm / Ton 10" X 20" 1260 CFM
(3) CFM @ Round
1500 to 2000 fpm Metal pipe
300 - 400 6"
400 - 550 7"
550 - 750 8"
750 - 1150 10"
1150 - 1600 12"
1600 - 2100 14"
Dynamics of Air Flow and Zoning
To maintain maximum heat transfer and peak effectivness with the smallest zone calling, we attempt to deliver 200% of design cfm.
To deliver 200% of design cfm, we must increase static pressure by approximatley 400 to 500% .
In most applications the smallest zone can deliver twice the design cfm without air noise issues.
Arzel Zoning Technology, Inc.
Bypass Sizing Chart
What determines bypass need and size ?
If the smallest zone moves less than 40% of the total cfm at design static, you might need a bypass duct
If Equipment Size is larger than 5 tons , the blower has the capacity to deliver higher static pressure. (use 400 cfm/ton in step #1)
If Location of smallest zone is very close to equipment and has minimal friction, next size larger bypass might be appropriate
If the smallest zone is far from equipment and has significant friction, you might need to decrease bypass size
If the Size of the smallest zone(sg ft) compared to cfm output at 200% increase is out of balance, it may require larger bypass
Blower performance (cfm output) decreases up to 25% as the static pressure increases.
Bypass air does not provide BTU exchange at equipment and is used soley to eliminate air noise caused by elevated static and velocity.
Velocity incresaes at the open branch runs and decreases at the main trunk and equipment.
Variables that influence Bypass Sizing
When in doubt, call for application assistance
1-800-611-8312 / 216-831-6068
(1) Determine Total CFM @ max static pressure
(2) Subtract CFM of smallest zone @ max static pressure
Excessive cfm into a small area might cause overshooting of thermostat set-point
When Trunk Dampering static pressures in open supply duct will increase at a higher rate ( use 400 cfm/ton for total in step #1)
In Flex Duct Applications, it might require higher static to deliver max cfm to the small zone.
(downsizing bypass might be appropriate)
(3) Size Bypass per chart below
Rectangle
Metal duct
3.25" X 10"
(3) Size bypass for remaining cfm per chart
(1) Approx CFM @ max static pressure (2) Max CFM of smallest zone
Subtract (2) from (1) to find required bypass CFM (3)
8" X 20" or 10" X 16"
When bypassing over 2100 cfm, use two bypass ducts
Copyright 2002 by Arzel Zoning Technology, Inc.
3.25" X 12"
8" X 6"
8" X 10"
8" X 16" or 10" X 12"
Min-cfm Max-cfm
Outlet Amount Total cfm
Total
Small zone
Stnd- 5" OD 0 0 0
Slotted .5x8 0
Total 0
CFM
Minimum Maximum
400 600
500 800
700 1000
Copyright Arzel Zoning Technology, Inc. 2002
Smallest Zone Size
This sizing calculation is an estimate of required bypass, consideration of duct style, equipment location, diffuser style, etc, influences actual bypass required
Unico's recommendation when zoning their system is to maintain a minimum of 3 outlets per ton of A/C in each zone
Bypass Calculator will determine size of Bypass Duct needed
Bypass Duct CFM Capacity
Arzel Zoning Technology Inc.
"High Velocity" Bypass Sizing calculator
Enter Capacity of Cooling Unit in Ton's
A/C Tons Enter Number of Outlets in smallest zone
Required
Bypass cfm
0
ROUND
6"
7"
8"
Rev- 3/04/04 jcr
Bypass Duct Size
This sizing calculation is an estimate of required bypass, consideration of duct style, equipment location, diffuser style, etc, influences actual bypass required
Round Duct
bypass not needed
Unico's recommendation when zoning their system is to maintain a minimum of 3 outlets per ton of A/C in each zone
Bypass Calculator will determine size of Bypass Duct needed
Bypass Duct CFM Capacity
Arzel Zoning Technology Inc.
"High Velocity" Bypass Sizing calculator
Enter Capacity of Cooling Unit in Ton's
Enter Number of Outlets in smallest zone
A/C tonnage CFM DUCT SIZE CFM @ 1000fpm
5" Round 140 CFM
2
800 x.75 = 600
6" ROUND 200 CFM
2.5
1000 x.75 = 750
7" ROUND 280 CFM
3
1200 x.75 = 900
8" ROUND 340 CFM
3.5
1400 x.75 = 1050
10" ROUND & 8"X 10" 550 CFM
4
1600 x.75 = 1200
8" X 12" 600 CFM
4.5
1800 x.75 = 1350
8" X 14" - 10"x 12" 700 CFM
5
2000 x.75 = 1500
12" Round & 8" X 16" 800 CFM
8" X 20" 1000 CFM
10" X 20" 1260 CFM
(3) CFM
ROUND
1000-1500fpm Barometric
300 to 600 8"
500 to 800 10"
800 to 1200 12"
1100 to 1600 14"
Arzel Zoning Technology
Bypass (Barometric) Sizing Chart
Subtract (CFM capacity of smallest zone(2)) from (total cfm x.75(1))
Size bypass for remaining cfm according to chart below (3)
RECTANGLE
Barometric
8" X 12"
(1) Minimum CFM of System (2) CFM Capacity of smallest zone
Subtract (2) from (1) for BYPASS SIZING (3)
Over 5 Ton- Use 400 cfm/ton
400 cfm x .75 = 300 cfm/ton
8" X 12" to 10" x 12"
10" X 12" to 12" x 12"
8" X 20" to 12" X 20"

1054
Bypass sizing factors
Branch dampering vs Trunk dampering
Tonnage divided by total runs damperd
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