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Technical Manual - System Description

U-SYS UMG8900 Universal Media Gateway Table of Contents



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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction to the UMG8900...................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Current Situation................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.3 Product Orientation............................................................................................................ 1-4
1.3.1 TG Application......................................................................................................... 1-5
1.3.2 AG Application......................................................................................................... 1-5
1.3.3 NGN-Enabled Switch .............................................................................................. 1-5
1.3.4 VIG Application........................................................................................................ 1-6
1.3.5 Combined Application ............................................................................................. 1-6
1.4 Network Evolution.............................................................................................................. 1-6
1.4.1 Evolution from NGN-Enabled Switch to TG/AG...................................................... 1-6
1.4.2 Evolution from RSM to TG/AG................................................................................ 1-7
Chapter 2 Key Benefits................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 2-1
2.2 Series of Hardware Platforms............................................................................................ 2-1
2.2.1 SSM Series of Hardware Platforms ........................................................................ 2-2
2.2.2 UAM Series of Hardware Platforms ...................................................................... 2-13
2.3 Integrated Services Support ............................................................................................ 2-15
2.4 Powerful Service Functions ............................................................................................. 2-15
2.5 Diversified Interfaces ....................................................................................................... 2-17
2.6 Advanced Voice Quality Assurance Technology............................................................. 2-18
2.7 Flexible Installation and Easy Maintenance .................................................................... 2-18
2.8 Carrier-Class Security and Reliability .............................................................................. 2-19
Chapter 3 Trunk Gateway............................................................................................................. 3-1
3.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 3-1
3.2 System Architecture........................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2.1 Appearance and Structure of the Frame................................................................. 3-1
3.2.2 Appearance and Structure of the Cabinet............................................................... 3-3
3.2.3 Logical Architecture................................................................................................. 3-6
3.3 Networking Applications .................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.1 Gateway Exchange Networking.............................................................................. 3-6
3.3.2 Tandem Exchange/Toll Exchange Networking....................................................... 3-7
3.4 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................... 3-9
3.4.1 Service Processing Capability................................................................................. 3-9
3.4.2 Service Quality ........................................................................................................ 3-9
3.4.3 Indexes of the Embedded Signaling Gateway...................................................... 3-10
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Chapter 4 Access Gateway .......................................................................................................... 4-1
4.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 4-1
4.2 System Architecture........................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2.1 Hardware Fundamentals......................................................................................... 4-1
4.2.2 Service Switching Module (SSM)............................................................................ 4-2
4.2.3 User Access Module (UAM).................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 Logical Architecture ........................................................................................................... 4-4
4.4 Networking Applications .................................................................................................... 4-5
4.5 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................... 4-6
4.5.1 Service Processing Capability................................................................................. 4-6
4.5.2 Service Quality ........................................................................................................ 4-6
Chapter 5 NGN-Enabled Switch................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2 System Architecture........................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2.1 System Fundamentals ............................................................................................ 5-1
5.2.2 Service Switching Module (SSM)............................................................................ 5-2
5.2.3 Remote Switching Module (RSM) ........................................................................... 5-2
5.2.4 User Access Module (UAM).................................................................................... 5-2
5.3 Networking Applications .................................................................................................... 5-3
5.3.1 C5 Local Exchange Expansion Networking............................................................ 5-3
5.3.2 C5 Local Exchange Reconstruction Networking..................................................... 5-4
5.3.3 C4 Tandem Exchange Expansion Networking ....................................................... 5-5
5.4 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................... 5-6
Chapter 6 Video Interworking Gateway....................................................................................... 6-1
6.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 6-1
6.2 System Architecture........................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2.1 Product Appearance ............................................................................................... 6-1
6.2.2 Logical Architecture................................................................................................. 6-1
6.3 Networking Applications .................................................................................................... 6-2
6.3.1 Networking Between UMTS and H.323 Video Terminals ....................................... 6-2
6.3.2 Networking Between UMTS and NGN Video Terminals......................................... 6-4
6.3.3 Networking Between UMTS, H.323 and NGN Video Terminals............................. 6-5
6.4 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................... 6-6
6.4.1 Service Processing Capability................................................................................. 6-6
6.4.2 Performance Specifications of the Embedded SG.................................................. 6-6
Chapter 7 OAM System................................................................................................................. 7-1
7.1 About This Chapter ............................................................................................................ 7-1
7.2 System Architecture........................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2.1 LMT Management System...................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.2 Integrated Network Management System............................................................... 7-4
7.2.3 Command Line........................................................................................................ 7-4
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7.3 OAM Function.................................................................................................................... 7-5
7.3.1 Device Management ............................................................................................... 7-5
7.3.2 Data Management................................................................................................... 7-6
7.3.3 Alarm Management ................................................................................................. 7-6
7.3.4 Tracing Management .............................................................................................. 7-6
7.3.5 Performance Management...................................................................................... 7-7
7.3.6 Environment and Power Supply Monitoring............................................................ 7-7
Chapter 8 Technical Specifications............................................................................................. 8-1
8.1 Performance Specifications............................................................................................... 8-1
8.1.1 Platform Switching Capability.................................................................................. 8-1
8.1.2 Clock Specifications ................................................................................................ 8-1
8.1.3 Supported Protocols................................................................................................ 8-2
8.1.4 Reliability................................................................................................................. 8-3
8.2 Physical Specifications ...................................................................................................... 8-3
8.2.1 Power Supply and Consumption Specifications ..................................................... 8-3
8.2.2 Mechanical Specifications....................................................................................... 8-4
8.2.3 Safety Specifications............................................................................................... 8-4
8.2.4 EMC ........................................................................................................................ 8-4
8.3 Environmental Specifications............................................................................................. 8-4
8.3.1 Running Conditions................................................................................................. 8-5
8.3.2 Storage Conditions.................................................................................................. 8-7
8.3.3 Transportation Conditions..................................................................................... 8-10

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Chapter 1 Introduction to the UMG8900
1.1 About This Chapter
This chapter gives a systematical introduction to the architecture and development of
the present Next Generation Network (NGN), and applications and orientation of the
UMG8900.
This chapter includes:
Current Situation
Product Orientation
Network Evolution
1.2 Current Situation
The development of communication technology brings networks such as telephone
network, computer network and cable TV network together. With more varieties of
service demands, operators have to provide more services to attract and keep their
customers.
The network architecture available now lacks variations and takes long time to
introduce new services. The trend is to provide integrated services based on IP
packets. Under this situation, a network architecture that suits this need is desired.
The NGN is a kind of service-driven network. It realizes the service system relatively
independent of the network through the separation of service and call control, and the
separation of call control and bearer.
This open architecture can meet the ever-increasing customers demands strengthen
the competitiveness of operation networks and realize continuous development.
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The NGN networking model is shown in Figure 1-1.
IN MRS APP Server OSS Location Server
SoftSwitch
SoftSwitch
SG
TG
AG
IAD
E-Phone SIP
PSTN
STP
LE
PLMN
BSC/
RNC
MGW
IP/ATM
TUP/ISUP
H.248
H.248/
MGCP
H.248/
MGCP
SIP/
H.323
SIP/
H.323
SIGTRAN
INAP
H.248/MGCP/SIP
PARLAY/SIP
SNMP/MML
TRIP
H.248

SSP: Signaling Switching
Point
PSTN: Public Switched
Telephone Network
LE: Local Exchange
TUP: Telephone User Part ISUP: ISDN User Part SG: Signaling Gateway
TG: Trunk Gateway AG: Access Gateway IAD: Integrated Access
Device
INAP: IN Application
Protocol
IN: Intelligent Network MRS: Media Resource
Server
OSS: Operating Support
System
SIGTRAN: Signaling
Transport Protocol
SIP: Session Initiation
Protocol
SNMP: Simple Network
Management Protocol
MML: Man-Machine
Language
MGCP: Media Gateway
Control Protocol
MGW: Media Gateway Softswitch: Softswitch device BSC: Base Station Controller
PLMN: Public Land Mobile
Network
TRIP: Telephone Routing
Protocol based on IP

Figure 1-1 NGN networking architecture
NGN can be divided into four layers, namely, service management, call control,
packets switching and edge access. The whole network implements service data
transmission and switching based on the IP packets network.
The following introduces major entities in NGN.
I. Softswitch
The Softswitch serves as the call processing center in NGN. It supports Signaling
System Number 7 (SS7), Digital Subscriber Signal No.1 (DSS1), V5, H.323, Session
Initiation Protocol (SIP) and other narrowband and broadband call control signaling.
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Softswitch controls TG, AG, Integrated Access Device (IAD)/Ethernet Phone
(E-Phone)/Media Resource Server (MRS) and other gateway equipment through
H.248/Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP)/H.323/SIP for related call service
processing.
Softswitch and application servers of service management layer adopt standard and
open interfaces for connection, enabling fast and flexible access for new services.
II. Network Management and OSS
The network management system manages and maintains the whole network, and
monitors status of all the network equipment. The network management system
manages all the network element equipment through the standard network
management interfaces such as SNMP.
Operation Support System (OSS) is responsible for service release, charging/billing
and user line test management. It cooperates with the network management system
for implementing its functions.
III. Service Nodes
Service nodes refer to application servers of the service management layer. A service
node can be a traditional Service Control Point (SCP) or Application Server (App
Server) in the NGN architecture.
The traditional SCP equipment and Softswitch carry out traditional intelligent services
by Intelligent Network Application Protocol (INAP). These intelligent services are used
in the initial establishment of NGN and can inherit the traditional intelligent service
resources.
App Server is an application server under the NGN architecture and interacts with the
Softswitch device through SIP. It also provides open third-party interfaces for external
use. This open service providing mode brings convenience for accessing third-party
services.
IV. TG
As its name indicates, the Trunk Gateway (TG) accomplishes interworking between
the core network of NGN and traditional PSTN.
The interfaces of the PSTN side adopt the TDM mode and the interfaces of the NGN
core network side adopt the IP/ATM mode. TG equipment implements the media
stream conversion from the TDM mode to the IP/ATM mode.
The TG interacts with the Softswitch device through H.248/MGCP, accepting control
from the latter and carrying out establishment and disconnection of calls and other
services.
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V. SG
The Signaling Gateway (SG) converts PSTN signaling between TDM bearer mode
and IP packets mode.
The SG converts PSTN signaling over TDM to IP/ATM packets based on SIGTRAN
and sends the signaling to the Softswitch device for processing. At the same time, it
receives packet signaling from the Softswitch device and converts it to TDM mode.
The SG can be designed as independent equipment or be embedded in the TG.
VI. AG
The Access Gateway (AG) provides narrowband and broadband service access.
The AG transfers subscriber line data such as voice, modem and fax across the core
network of NGN through media stream conversion.
The AG interacts with the Softswitch device by H.248/MGCP, accepting control from
the latter, reporting subscriber line status and processing subscriber calls.
VII. NGN Terminal Equipment
The NGN terminal equipment includes E-Phone, IAD and video terminals. E-Phone
and IAD serve as a small AG, providing access for a single or several users.
A video terminal interacts with the Softswitch device by H.323 or SIP signaling,
processing video and voice calls.
VIII. MRS
The Media Resource Server (MRS) provides intelligent services such as
announcement playing, digits collecting, recording and audio mixing. Its function is
equal to the Intelligent Peripheral (IP) in the traditional intelligent network.
The MRS accepts control of the Softswitch device through H.248/MGCP, providing
multiple intelligent services based on voice/video.
1.3 Product Orientation
The UMG8900 is based on the standard NGN architecture. It is key equipment of the
U-SYS resolutions provided by Huawei.
The UMG8900 can be used as various service gateways of the access layer in the
Next Generation Network (NGN) because of the flexibility in its configuration.
Its applications include:
Trunk Gateway (TG) and embedded SG
Access Gateway (AG)
NGN-enabled switch
Video Interworking Gateway (VIG)
Combined application (AG/TG/SG/VIG)
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Extended integration of fixed network and mobile network services
The following explains these applications respectively.
1.3.1 TG Application
As trunk gateway equipment, a TG is located on the edge access layer of the NGN. It
connects with the PSTN and the NGN and passes PSTN services to the NGN.
A TG serves as media access layer equipment in the NGN. It converts service stream
formats and bearer modes from the PSTN to packet networks and supports various
voice services and narrowband data services.
The UMG8900 can work as TG equipment in the NGN. It supports bearer conversion
from TDM to IP/ATM packet networks. It supports voice codecs such as
G.711/G.723/G.726/G.729, fax and modem services.
When the UMG8900 serves as a TG, it supports the embedded SG function at the
same time. This function enables adaptation and transfer of narrowband signaling
from traditional TDM networks to broadband packet networks.
1.3.2 AG Application
As access gateway equipment, an AG is located on the edge access layer of NGN. It
provides access for various types of services and supports dense voice service
terminal users. In addition, it can connect with traditional PSTN equipment such as
Private Branch Exchange (PBX), V5 access network and Primary Rate Interface (PRI)
users.
An AG serves as media access layer equipment in the NGN. It processes narrowband
voice or data stream formats and converts them into the information formats
transferred on IP packet networks by adaptation.
The UMG8900 can serve as an AG in the NGN for networking and support integrated
access services of the narrowband and broadband.
1.3.3 NGN-Enabled Switch
The UMG8900 supports flexible hardware configuration. It supports the TDM trunk
and IP trunk. It allows any allocation configuration between the TDM and IP.
The UMG8900 supports multi-frame cascading and high-capacity TDM switching. It
supports pure TDM trunk application. The UMG8900 can cooperate with the
SoftX3000 to serve as a NGN-enabled switch in the PSTN. It supports the C5/C4
application.
The UMG8900 can work as a remote switching module. It networks with a NGN
switch and is placed at the user access side. Thus, it realizes convergence of service
flow by remote switching and reduces the resources consumption of the transmission
line.
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1.3.4 VIG Application
Video Interworking Gateway (VIG) is located at the edge access layer of the NGN. It
realizes video services interworking between different networks by connecting with
video service-supported networks such as Universal Mobile Telecommunications
System (UMTS) and H.323.
A VIG operates as a media access layer device in the NGN and converts video
service stream formats. It realizes interworking of video services between the
terminals of different networks by adaptation of the different bearer modes.
The UMG8900 can serve as a VIG in the NGN to implement the interworking of video
services. The UMG8900 supports various modes of audio and video codecs defined
by the H.324 and H.323 protocol families, such as video call control and video service
multiplexing protocols. It also converts service stream formats.
1.3.5 Combined Application
The UMG8900 can serve as AG, TG and VIG independently, and it can also provide
integrated service functions at the same time to reduce the network construction cost
of operators.
The UMG8900 is designed with flexible hardware and software architectures. It
supports integrated services of fixed networks and mobile networks by software
upgrade, where the two kinds of networks share the same core IP bearer network.

Note:
The UMG8900 needs to cooperate with the SoftX3000 to work as a NGN-enabled
switch. This NGN-enabled switch is similar to a TG in a tandem exchange and a
gateway exchange and an AG in a local exchange.

1.4 Network Evolution
As an integrated, high capacity and carrier-level gateway device, the UMG8900
supports series of hardware platforms and smooth evolution for the sake of the user
investment.
1.4.1 Evolution from NGN-Enabled Switch to TG/AG
The UMG8900 realizes expansion and upgrade of the C4/C5 of the PSTN as a
NGN-enabled switch through the cooperation with the SoftX3000.
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The UMG8900 adopts the architecture of call control separated from service bearer
and connects with the SoftX3000 by standard interfaces. When networks evolve into
the NGN, the UMG8900 as a C4 exchange can be upgraded to a trunk gateway
smoothly; while the UMG8900 as a C5 exchange can be upgraded to an AG. The
whole core network realizes IP packetization.
During this process, a smooth development can be achieved only through the
software upgrade and most of the UMG8900 hardware can still perform its usual
functions.
1.4.2 Evolution from RSM to TG/AG
The UMG8900 performs local services switching and convergence of upstream
services as a Remote Switching Module (RSM).
With the network development and networking requirements, the RSM can work as
an independent AG by adding Voice over IP (VoIP) service processing boards. The
RSM develops to a Service Switching Module (SSM) and accepts the direct
management and control from the SoftX3000.
With the network becoming more flat, the RSM will function as an independent TG
and the user access part will function as an AG.

Note:
During this evolution, most hardware of the UMG8900 can carry out their usual
functions and the network development can be achieved by adding some new service
boards and upgrading the software.

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Chapter 2 Key Benefits
2.1 About This Chapter
The UMG8900 supports flexible configuration and networking applications. It offers
the following key benefits:
Series of Hardware Platforms
Integrated Services Support
Powerful Service Functions
Diversified Interfaces
Advanced Voice Quality Assurance Technology
Flexible Installation and Easy Maintenance
Carrier-Class Security and Reliability
2.2 Series of Hardware Platforms
The hardware of the UMG8900 includes two parts, Service Switching Module (SSM)
and User Access Module (UAM). The SSM implements the convergence, switching,
processing and transfer of service streams and the UAM provides access for users.
Only the SSM needs to be configured in TG and VIG applications; while the SSM and
UAM need to be configured at the same time in the AG application. When the
UMG8900 operates as an NGN-enabled switch in the PSTN, for the tandem/gateway
exchange applications, the SSM shall be configured and for the local exchange
application, the SSM and UAM/RSM shall be configured at the same time.
The UMG8900 supports series of hardware platforms to meet different networking
requirements.
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2.2.1 SSM Series of Hardware Platforms
I. Introduction to SSM Hardware Platforms
Table 2-1 lists the SSM series of hardware platforms.
Table 2-1 SSM series of hardware platforms
Name Function Remarks
SSM-256
Providing 256 K TDM
switching and supporting
1024 E1 7168 E1
It supports high capacity networking
applications in the multi-frame cascading
mode.
The SSM-256 supports a maximum of
9-frame cascading.
The SSM-256 and SSM-32 mixed
cascading allows a maximum of 29
frames.
SSM-32
Providing 32 K TDM
switching and supporting 16
E1 1024 E1
It supports medium capacity networking
applications in the multi-frame cascading
mode.
The SSM-32 supports a maximum of
3-frame cascading.
The SSM-32 and SSM-256 mixed
cascading allows a maximum of 29
frames.

Note:
The UMG8900 supports another type of frame: SSM-4. The SSM-4 frame does not
support cascading. It can be used in a TG, an AG or a RSM application. For details of
the SSM-4 frame, see the documents accompanying the hardware.

II. Major Boards and Interfaces
Table 2-2 lists the boards and interfaces supported by the SSM.
Table 2-2 Boards and interfaces supported by the SSM
Logical
board
Physical
board
Full board name External interfaces available
SSM-256/SSM-32 common boards
FCMB
Back connection
management unit
None
CMU
FCMF
Front connection
management unit
None
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Logical
board
Physical
board
Full board name External interfaces available
SPF FSPF Signaling processing unit None
VPU FVPB Media resource unit None
CLK FCLK Clock board Clock input/output interface
FE32
32E1 TDM interface
board
E1
E32
FESU
32E1TDM interface unit
with signaling processing
E1
FT32
32T1 TDM interface
board
T1
T32
FTSU
32T1 TDM interface unit
with signaling processing
T1
HRB FHRU High Speed Router Unit B None
P4L FP4L 4*155M POS interface POS
P1H FP1H 1*622M POS interface POS
E1G FG1O
GE Ethernet interface
board
GE
E8T FE8T
8*FE Ethernet interface
board
FE
SSM-256 dedicated boards
MPU FMPU Main processing unit None
OMU FOMU
Operation maintenance
unit
Console interface
NET FNET Packet switching unit
GE cascading interface, FE
cascading interface, Clock
interface
PPU FPPB
Back Protocol Processing
unit
FE
FTNB TDM switching Net Unit B 4*8K TDM cascading interface
FTNU TDM switching Net Unit 3*8K TDM cascading interface
TNU
TCLU
TDM Convergence & Link
Unit
3*8K TDM cascading interface
BLU FBLU Back cascading board Cascading interface
FLU FFLU Front cascading board None
FS2E
2*155M SDH electrical
interface board
SDH
S2L
FS2L
2*155M SDH optical
interface board
SDH
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Logical
board
Physical
board
Full board name External interfaces available
FVPB Media resource unit B None
VPU
FVGU
Video Gateway
audio/video processing
Unit
None
SSM-32 dedicated boards
TNU FTNC TDM Switch Unit C None
OMU FOMB
Operation & Maintenance
Unit B
Console
FS1L
1*155M SDH optical
interface board
SDH
S1L
FS1E
1*155M SDH Electrical
interface board
SDH
VPU FVPD Voice Processing Unit D None

III. Introduction to the Cascading Function
The SSM-256 and SSM-32 frames of the UMG8900 support multi-frame cascading.
These two hardware platforms support self-cascading and mixed cascading. The
following describes these two kinds of cascading respectively.
In the SSM-256 self-cascading mode, the UMG8900 supports up to nine frames. The
SSM-256 frame supports two types of cascading boards as follows:
TNU (FTNU/TCLU), FLU (UG01FLU) and BLU (UG01BLU)
This type of boards supports 3 8 K TDM cascading capacity between frames. The
FTNU boards are configured in the main control frame in the single-frame networking
or the central switching frame in the networking with two or more frames. The TCLU
boards are configured in a service frame.
TNU (FTNB), FLU (UG02FLU) and BLU (UG02BLU)
This type of boards supports 4 8 K TDM cascading capacity between frames. The
FTNB boards are configured in all frames, regardless of frame types.
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The two types of boards support three cascading modes, as described in Table 2-3.
Table 2-3 SSM-256 self-cascading
Cascading
mode
Major
characteristic
boards
Remarks
Mode 1
The FTNB
board is used
as the TDM
switching and
cascading
board.
Except the control frame, other frames use the
FTNB boards to provide 4 8 K TDM cascading
channels between frames.
The cascading board is the BLU/FLU that provides
4 8 K TDM cascading channels.
Mode 2
The FTNU and
TCLU boards
are used as the
TDM switching
and cascading
boards.
The FTNU boards are configured in the central
switching frame. The TCLU boards are configured
in the main control frame and service frames. The
control frame needs no configuration. There are 3
8 K TDM cascading channels between frames.
The cascading board is the BLU/FLU that provides
3 8 K TDM cascading channels.
Mode 3
The FTNU and
FTNB boards
are used as the
TDM switching
and cascading
boards.
The FTNU boards are configured in the central
switching frame. The BLU/FLU that provides 4 8
K TDM cascading channels is configured in the
central switching frame to cascade with a service
frame where the FTNB board is configured.
The BLU/FLU that provides 3 8 K TDM cascading
channels can be configured in the central switching
frame to cascade with a service frame where the
TCLU board is configured.

Note:
Modes 1 and 2 mainly apply to a new office. Mode 3 mainly applies to the cascading
networking where the FTNU boards are used before expansion but the FTNB boards
are used for the expansion. The three cascading modes are the same except the
cascading boards and the capacity of TDM cascading channels between frames.

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Take the TNU (FTNB) and the BLU/FLU that provides 4 8 K TDM cascading
channels as an example. The nine-frame cascading is shown in Figure 2-1.
2# 3# 4# 6# 7#
0#
1#
8#
4*8 K TDM+2*GE+1*FE 1*FE
N
E
T
N
E
T
T
N
U
T
N
U
N
E
T
N
E
T
T
N
U
T
N
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
B
L
U
N
E
T
N
E
T
5#

0#: Central switching frame 1#: Main control frame
2# to 7#: Service frames 8#: Extended control frame
Figure 2-1 Cascading of the SSM-256 frame
In multi-frame cascading of the SSM-256, the main control frame and the central
switching frame is connected with each other directly. The central switching frame
cascades with the service frame and the extended control frame.
In a full configuration, the central switching frame does not process services, the
extended control frame cascades with the central switching frame by FE and
processes gateway control messages.
In case of the SSM-32 self-cascading, the UMG8900 supports three frames at most.
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The SSM-32 self-cascading is shown in Figure 2-2.
MTNC MTNC
MTNC MTNC
MTNC MTNC 1#
1*8KTDM 1*FE
2#
3#

1#: Main control and central switching combined frame 2# and 3#: Service frames
Figure 2-2 Cascading of the SSM-32 frames in the networking
In the multi-frame cascading of the SSM-32, the physical board of the TNU is the
FTNU, and the central switching frame and the main control frame are combined.
Three TDM cascading optical interfaces exist on the FTNU board in the central
switching frame and the main control frame. Ports 0 and 1 are connected with TDM
cascading interfaces 0 on the FTNC boards in other two frames. UP to three frames
can be cascaded.
The FTNC board has four FE ports. FE ports 1 and 2 are connected with FE ports 3 on
the FTNC boards in other two frames to implement cascading on the control plane
with the service frame.

Caution:
The FTNC board has four FE cascading interfaces. FE3 can only be connected with
the upper layer cascading interface. FE0 is connected with the IWF device. Therefore,
if the SSM-32 frame is cascaded with the lower layer SSM-32 frames, at most three
frames can be cascaded, and FE1 and FE2 interfaces are used first.

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Note:
The TDM switching between two SSM-32 frames can be 1 8 K. In this mode, up to
four-frame cascading is supported.

In the mixed cascading of the SSM-256 and SSM-32, the SSM-256 works as the
central switching frame and the main control frame/service frame can be the SSM-32
or the SSM-256.
The mixed cascading supports up to one SSM-256 frame and 28 SSM-32 frames, or
one SSM-256 frame and n SSM-256 + (7 n) 4 SSM-32 frames. Here, n is 7.
There are two modes of the cascading of the SSM-256 and SSM-32.
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One of the modes is shown in Figure 2-3.
TNU TNU
TNU TNU
TNU TNU 1#
1*8KTDM 1*FE
2#
3#
0#
T
N
U
T
N
U
N
E
T
N
E
T
TNU TNU
4#

0#: Central switching frame 0#: Main control frame 2# to 4#: Service frames
Figure 2-3 Mixed cascading of the SSM-256/SSM-32 (Mode I)

Note:
Frame 0 is an SSM-256 frame, and frames 1 to 4 are SSM-32 frames. In the SSM-256
frame, the physical board of the TNU is the FTNB, and the physical board of the NET
is the FNET. In the SSM-32 frame, the physical board of the TNU is the FTNC.

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The SSM-32 frame and the SSM-256 central switching frame implement the TDM
service cascading by the TNU. The FTNB in the SSM-256 frame supports four TDM
cascading optical interfaces that are connected with TDM cascading optical interface
0 in the FTNC boards in four SSM-32 frames.
The FE1 cascading interface on the FNET in the SSM-256 frame is connected with
the FE3 cascading interface on the FTNC in one SSM-32 frame, and then connected
with the FE3 cascading interfaces on the FTNC boards in other three SSM-32 frames
through the FE0/FE1/FE2 cascading interface on the FTNC in the SSM-32 frame. In
this way, the four-frame cascading on the control plane is implemented.
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The SSM-256 central switching frame supports the cascading between its FBLU
board and four SSM-32 frames, as shown in Figure 2-4.
TNU TNU
TNU TNU
TNU TNU 1#
1*8KTDM 1*FE
2#
3#
0#
T
N
U
T
N
U
N
E
T
N
E
T
TNU TNU
4#
BLUBLU

0#: Central switching frame 0#: Main control frame 2# to 4#: Service frames
Figure 2-4 Mixed cascading of the SSM-256/SSM-32 (mode II)
In the SSM-256 frame, the physical board corresponding to the TNU is the FTNB, and
the physical board corresponding to the FLU/BLU is the UG02FLU/UG02BLU that
provides 4 8 K TDM cascading. In the SSM-32 frame, the physical board
corresponding to the TNU is the FTNC.
The TDM cascading between the SSM-256 central switching frame and SSM-32
frames
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The BLU board in the SSM-256 frame supports four TDM cascading optical interfaces.
They connect with TDM cascading optical interfaces 0 on the FTNC boards in four
SSM-32 frames respectively. Thus, the SSM-256 central switching frame cascades
with four SSM-32 frames.
The FE cascading between the SSM-256 central switching frame and SSM-32
frames
The FE0 cascading interface on the FBLU board in the SSM-256 frame connects with
the FE3 cascading interface on the FTNC board in one SSM-32 frame. Then the FE0,
FE1 and FE2 cascading interfaces on the FTNC board in this SSM-32 frame connect
with the FE3 interfaces on the FTNC boards in the other three SSM-32 service frames
respectively. Thus, the four-frame FE cascading is implemented.
The GE cascading between the SSM-256 central switching frame and SSM-32
frames
The GE optical interfaces on the BLU board in the SSM-256 frame connect with the
GE optical interfaces on the NLU boards in one SSM-32 frame. The NLU boards can
be configured only in back slots 4 and 5 or back slots 10 and 11 in an SSM-32 frame.

Caution:
In the SSM-256 and SSM-32 mixed cascading mode, there can be only one main
control frame and its frame No. must be 1. The main control frame can connect with
the central switching frame through the BLU or connect directly with the TNU/NET in
the central switching frame.

Note:
In the SSM-256 and SSM-32 mixed cascading mode, if GE cascading exists, up to
seven frames can be cascaded. Only TDM cascading and FE cascading exist
between other frames and the central switching frame.

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2.2.2 UAM Series of Hardware Platforms
The UAM supports series of frames to meet different networking requirements.
The supported UAM frames are shown in Table 2-4.
Table 2-4 UAM frames
Name Function Remarks
HABA
Back high-density access master
frame with 36 slots
It supports 30 service slots.
It supports broadband and
narrowband access and
independent uplink of
broadband services.
HABB
Back high-density access slave
frame with 36 slots
It supports 30 service slots.
It works with the HABA and is
managed by the HABA.
HABD
Front high-density access master
frame with 18 slots
It supports 12 service slots.
It supports broadband and
narrowband access and
independent uplink of
broadband services.
HABE
Front high-density access slave
frame with 18 slots
It supports 14 service slots.
It is managed and controlled
by the HABD.
HABF
Front high-density access extended
frame with 18 slots
It supports 18 service slots.
It cannot work separately. The
HABD or HABE must provide
power mutual aid and
management for it.
HABL
Small-capacity service frame with 12
slots
It supports five service slots.
It works independently.
UAFM
Front unified administration master
frame
It shall be inserted with the
IPMA broadband main control
board and the corresponding
subscriber board to provide
broadband services.
UAFS
Front unified administration slave
frame
It can work as the sub frame of
the UAFM or connect with the
SSM directly.
UAM Unified administration master frame
It shall be inserted with the
IPMA broadband main control
board and the corresponding
subscriber board to provide
broadband services.
UAS Unified administration slave frame
It can work as the sub frame of
the UAM or connect directly
with the SSM.
RSP_60A
Narrowband access frame using the
RSP main control board
It supports two subscriber
boards.
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Name Function Remarks
RSP_160B
Narrowband access frame using the
RSP main control board
It supports five subscriber
boards.
RSP_10
Narrowband access frame using the
PV8/RSP main control board
It can work as a master frame
if inserted with the PV8, or as a
sub frame or direct frame if
inserted with the RSP,
supporting 10 subscriber
boards.
RSP_12
Narrowband access frame using the
PV8/RSP main control board
It can work as a master frame
if inserted with the PV8, or as a
sub frame or direct frame if
inserted with the RSP,
supporting 12 subscriber
boards.
RSP_14
Narrowband access frame using the
RSP main control board
It can work as a sub frame or
direct frame, supporting 14
subscriber boards.
RSP_15
Narrowband access frame using the
RSP main control board
It can work as a sub frame or
direct frame, supporting 15
subscriber boards.
RSP_19
Narrowband access frame using the
RSP main control board
It can work as a sub frame or
direct frame, supporting 19
subscriber boards.
RSB
Narrowband access frame using the
RSA main control board
It can work as a direct frame,
supporting 16 subscriber
boards.
RSB_HK
Narrowband access frame using the
RSA main control board
It can work as a direct frame,
supporting 12 subscriber
boards.
RSA_22
Narrowband access frame using the
RSA main control board
It can work as a direct frame,
providing subscriber interfaces
through the cascaded USR
frame.
USR_16
Narrowband access frame using the
DRV driving board
It can cascade with the RSA
and support 16 subscriber
boards.
USR_19
Narrowband access frame without a
main control board
It can cascade with the RSA
and support 16 subscriber
boards.

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2.3 Integrated Services Support
The UMG8900 adopts a flexible architecture supporting various hardware and
software configurations. It can serve as an independent TG, AG, embedded SG or
RSM in a network. These different applications adopt the same hardware platform
and software system to fully share the functions of the device operation, maintenance
and management.
Experienced with one application of the UMG8900, users can easily and quickly grasp
the configuration, management and maintenance of the UMG8900 in another
application, to effectively reduce the maintenance cost of the network device.
In actual networking applications, the UMG8900 can also serve as a TG, AG,
embedded SG and RSM simultaneously. In this case, the UMG8900 takes the form of
a single Network Element (NE) and serves as a super-gateway. Users only need to
maintain one device.
2.4 Powerful Service Functions
The UMG8900 supports the following functions.
Multiple voice codecs such as G.711A/G.711/G.723/G.726/G.729 and dynamic
selection of voice codec.
H.263/MPEG-4 video codec, H.245 video call control and H.223 video service
multiplexing in VIG applications.
Echo Cancellation (EC), Voice Activity Detection (VAD), Comfort Noise
Generation (CNG), and various Quality of Service (QoS) assurance methods
including the setting of voice and data services priorities, JitterBuffer (JB), IP
Type of Service (ToS), Differential Service Code Point (DSCP), 802.1P/Q and
Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) priority.
T.38 fax, Fax over G.711, Modem over G.711 (supporting V.150 Voice Band
Data) and Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) redundancy.
Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) and pulse digits collecting, and
announcement playing in AG applications.
Plain Old Telephone Switch (POTS) interfaces, Integrated Services Digital
Network (ISDN) interfaces (2B+D), Digital Data Network (DDN) interfaces,
2-wire/4-wire audio dedicated line interfaces, and so on for narrowband user
access in AG applications.
Direct Inward Dialing (DID) service and Caller ID Display (CID) service in the
DTMF and Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) modes, and message waiting
indication service in the voltage ascending mode and the FSK mode.
Traditional PSTN services such as Advice of Charge at the End of Conversation
(AOCE) and the hotline service.
Semi-permanent connections from TDM to IP and from TDM to TDM.
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Integrated access of the broadband and narrowband services. Supporting
broadband subscriber interfaces such as Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
(ADSL)/Very High Speed DSL (VDSL)/Single-Line High Speed Digital
Subscriber Line (SHDSL) in AG applications.
StandAlone function in an AG application, which enables basic voice calls for
users connected to the AG when the connection between the UMG8900 and the
softswitch device breaks.
SS7 Common Channel Signaling (CCS) and Channel Associated Signaling
(CAS) such as R1, R2, International No. 5 (No.5), DSS1 and V5 access
signaling.
Embedded signaling gateway, which converts SS7, DSS1 and V5 signaling to IP
bearer signaling based on the standard SIGTRAN and supports SIGTRAN
connection in IP address and domain name.
Network time synchronization, through which the UMG8900 clock keeps
consistent with other NE clocks through Network Time Protocol (NTP) or Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP).
Integrated video and voice services, flexible and expandable software and
hardware architectures, and expanded services through software upgrade.
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2.5 Diversified Interfaces
The interface types provided by the UMG8900 are shown in Table 2-5.
Table 2-5 Interfaces types of the UMG8900
Classification
Physical
Type
Type Remarks
STM-1/OC-3
SDH/SONET
Electrical interface, single-mode
and multi-mode optical interface
TDM
E1/T1 None
10/100M
Auto-sensing Ethernet electrical
interface
GE
Multi- and single-mode optical
interface
STM-1/STM-4
POS
Multi- and single-mode optical
interface
Physical
interfaces
IP
STM-1 IPoA
Multi- and single-mode optical
interface
V5 interface E1 or SDH physical interface
R2 interface E1, T1 physical interface
PRI
E1, T1 or SDH physical
interface
No. 5 E1, T1 physical interface
SS7
E1, T1 or SDH physical
interface
Trunk interface TDM
DCME
E1, T1 or SDH physical
interface
POTS None
FXO None
2/4-wire audio
interface
None
ISDN (2B+D) None
ADSL
G.dmt/G.Lite
None
ADSL2+ None
VDSL None
SHDSL None
Subscriber
interface
Mixed
E&M trunk,
DDI/AT0 trunk
Analog trunk interface
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Classification
Physical
Type
Type Remarks
8 kHz
2048 kHz/2048
kbit/s BITS
Clock interface
GPS/GLONASS
Provided by the CLK boards
FE
Debugging network port and
maintenance network port
Maintenance
interface

RS232 Debugging serial port

2.6 Advanced Voice Quality Assurance Technology
The UMG8900 implements service stream bearer and transfer between the TDM and
IP packet network. The common reasons that affect the voice quality in the IP packet
network include: delay, jitter, packet loss and echo.
The UMG8900 reduces delay and jitter by the dynamic buffering technology and
reduces the effect of packet loss on the voice quality by the lost-packet compensation
technology. The echo is avoided by the echo cancellation technology. The UMG8900
further improves the voice quality by the mute detection and comfortable background
noise generation technologies.
In the packet service transmission, the system supports priority of the IP packet
service stream. It realizes hierarchical transmission of different service streams
through the cooperation with the bearer network and thus provides reliable protection.
The UMG8900 holds a leading position in the industry in voice quality enhancement
indexes. Its technology provides a voice quality that is next to that of the PSTN.
2.7 Flexible Installation and Easy Maintenance
I. Installation
All boards support hot plugging. The indicators on the faceplates of the boards
can show the current status of the boards and the interfaces.
There is a clear identifier on each functional module. As each functional module
provides standardized joints and external user interfaces, there is no need for
special tools in equipment mounting.
II. Maintenance
Various management methods such as the MML and GUI combined graphic
interface and the iManager to provide local and remote maintenance.
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Online report of hardware and software versions, online software loading and
patch installation, which entail software upgrade and maintenance without
affecting system operation.
Logs, alarms, performance statistics and fault diagnosis functions, facilitating
fault preventing, locating and troubleshooting.
Alarm box function, displaying alarm information in a visual way and notifying
maintenance personnel of alarms by way of telephones.
2.8 Carrier-Class Security and Reliability
I. Security
The security management of the UMG8900 includes the security management of
control data and operation & maintenance.
Control Data Security
The UMG8900 supports important data backup at the system level. For example, you
can back up configuration data, running data, statistics information, operation
information, management information and running log to the hard disk or compact
disk.
Operation and Maintenance Security
The system defines user groups and rights. Different user groups can customize
different command sets. Through the configuration of command groups and users,
the system can effectively implement hierarchical management of operators and
operation rights.
During the operation, the system checks data consistency and gives prompt and
confirmation about operations. This avoids possible damage to the system due to
improper operations.
Network and device management can protect your password and make unauthorized
access invalid. Service data can be accessed only in certain condition. The system
ensures that only authorized users can obtain correct data.
Through the Access Control List (ACL), you can configure the firewall flexibly to filter
messages of ports that do not provide service. Thus, the system can prevent
attackers from finding system holes through the port scanning technique.
II. Reliability
The UMG8900 provides reliability in the following aspects:
All the service boards and main control boards support the 1+1 backup function.
The interface boards support the 1+1 and N:1 backup functions, the Automatic
Protection Switch (APS) interface protection, optical signals through and off
protection and so on.
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The service resource boards work in the resource pool mode to share all the
resources.
The multi-frame cascading mode supports master and slave cascading channels
to avoid any single-point fault.
The UMG8900 supports the dual-homing function. When the master Media
Gateway Controller (MGC) fails, the UMG8900 switches to the slave MGC to
ensure the normal running of services.

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Chapter 3 Trunk Gateway
3.1 About This Chapter
When the UMG8900 serves as an independent TG, only the SSM needs to be
configured. The frame can be SSM-256 or SSM-32.
This chapter introduces the system architecture of the UMG8900 as a trunk gateway,
its networking application, and the major service indexes.
3.2 System Architecture
3.2.1 Appearance and Structure of the Frame
The SSM supports two series of frames, namely, the SSM-256 and SSM-32. All these
frames are in the standard 19 inch size.
The front view of the SSM-256 frame is shown in Figure 3-1.

Figure 3-1 Front view of the SSM-256 frame
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The board deployment in the SSM-256 frame is shown in Figure 3-2.
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Slot No.

Figure 3-2 Board deployment in the SSM-256 frame
The SSM-256 frame is 12U in height and the intermediate 9U is for inserting boards.
The front boards are 9U in height and the back boards are 8U in height. The extra 1U
space of the back is for the filtering box.
The SSM-256 frame has 16 front slots and 16 back slots. The FOMU/FTNU/FNET
boards are inserted in the fixed slots. The other slots are for common services.
The physical board corresponding to the OMU is the FOMU and is always configured
in the main control frame. The physical board corresponding to the MPU is the FMPU
and is always configured in a frame other than the main control frame. The physical
boards corresponding to the TNU are the FTNU, TCLU and FTNB. Among them, the
FTNU and TCLU boards work together. The FTNU board is configured in the main
control frame in the single-frame networking or in the central switching frame in the
networking with two or more frames. The TCLU board is configured in other frames.
The FTNB board has no such restriction on frame types.
The front and back slots are different in height, so the front and back boards cannot be
inserted mixed. The dimension of a front board is 366.7 x 220 x 2.0 mm (height x
depth x width) and that of a back board is 322.25 x 220.00 x 2.00 mm.
The front view of the SSM-32 frame looks almost the same as that of the SSM-256
frame. The difference is in the width of the boards in the intermediate slots between
them.
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The board deployment in the SSM-32 frame is shown in Figure 3-3.
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Sl ot No.
OMU/
MPU
TNU
OMU/
MPU
TNU

Figure 3-3 Board deployment in the SSM-32 frame
The SSM-32 and SSM-256 frames have the same appearance and structure. They
both adopt the front-back mode. There are altogether 28 available slots in the SSM-32
frame. Each of the intermediate main control boards and the corresponding back
boards occupy two slots. In total, four slots (master and slave) are occupied.
In the SSM-32 frame, the physical board corresponding to the OMU is the FOMB and
is always configured in the main control frame. The physical board corresponding to
the MPU is the FMPB and is configured in other frames. The physical board
corresponding to the TNU is the FTNC. It has no restriction on frame types.
3.2.2 Appearance and Structure of the Cabinet
The SSM-256/SSM-32 frame uses the N68-22 cabinet by Huawei. An N68-22
cabinet has a 46U inside space (1U = 44.45 mm = 1.75 inches) and comprises a
power distribution frame, semi-integrated MGW frames, cabling troughs, filler panels,
racks, guide rails and fiber coilers. It is supplied with 48 V/60 V DC power. It
conforms to IEC297 standards, and meets the requirement for flexible module
configuration.
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In case of a single N68-22 cabinet, the front view of an N68-22 cabinet is shown in
Figure 3-4.

Figure 3-4 Front view of the N68-22 cabinet (single cabinet)
The SSM-256 and SSM-32 frames have the same appearance, size and structure, so
their placements in the cabinet are same too.
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The position of their frames in the N68-22 cabinet is shown in Figure 3-5.
Fi l l er panel
Fi l l er pannel
Fi l l er pannel
MGW frame
Power di stri buti on frame
MGW frame
MGW frame
Fi l l er panel
14U
12U
14U
12U
14U
12U
4U

Figure 3-5 Position of the SSM-256/SSM-32 frame in the cabinet
One cabinet can accommodate three frames at most. However, in actual networking,
if all connections are made through E1, configure one cabinet with two frames at most
for easy cabling. In the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) connection mode, the
UMG8900 supports three frames.
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3.2.3 Logical Architecture
The logical architecture of the UMG8900 is shown in Figure 3-6.
TDM
bearer
processing
Service
resources
Packets
bearer
processing
Gateway
control
Signaling
adaptation
TDM
IP/
IPoA
H.248
H.248/SIGTRAN

Figure 3-6 Diagram of the system architecture
The UMG8900 accesses and switches TDM bearer service streams through the TDM
bearer processing module, and accesses packet service through the packet bearer
processing module. It implements conversion of service stream formats through the
service resource module and provides announcement playing, digits collecting and
other service resources. The signaling adaptation module implements the resolution
and adaptation of common channel signaling. The gateway control module manages
the gateway resources.
Besides, the UMG8900 includes the operation and maintenance module, the clock
module providing clock signals for TDM bearer processing and the cascading module
in case of multi-frame cascading.
3.3 Networking Applications
3.3.1 Gateway Exchange Networking
The UMG8900 can serve as a gateway exchange in the NGN to pass traditional
PSTN services to the NGN.
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When the UMG8900 serves as a gateway exchange, the networking is shown in
Figure 3-7.
PSTN
PLMN
AG
IAD
E-Phone
SIP
GMSC
LE
UMG8900(TG)
SoftX3000
SS7/R2/No.5
TUP/
ISUP
H.248/
MGCP
H.248/
MGCP
SIP/
H.323
SIP/
H.323
H.248
V5 AN
V5/V5+

LE: Local Exchange TUP: Telephone User Part ISUP: ISDN User Part
V5 AN: V5 Access Network GMSC: Gateway Mobile
Switching Center
PLMN: Public Land Mobile
Network
IAD: Integrated Access
Device
AG: Access Gateway MGCP: Media Gateway
Control Protocol
SIP: Session Initiation
Protocol

Figure 3-7 NGN gateway exchange networking application
When the UMG8900 serves as the gateway exchange, it is controlled and managed
by the softswitch device SoftX3000. The UMG8900 interacts with the softswitch
device SoftX3000 through the H.248 protocol.
Through the UMG8900, you can connect PSTN, PLMN and V5 access network and
PBX users to the NGN to make NGN users communicate with narrowband network
users.
The UMG8900 supports the embedded signaling gateway function. It can
transparently transmit signaling from the external network to the softswitch device to
implement interworking on the call control plane.
For the service plane, when the service stream formats of two kinds of networks
cannot interwork with each other, the UMG8900 implements the service stream
formats conversion.
3.3.2 Tandem Exchange/Toll Exchange Networking
The UMG8900 cooperates with the SoftX3000 to work as a tandem exchange in the
traditional PSTN network.
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The networking of the UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 is shown in Figure 3-8.
SoftX3000
UMG8900
H.248/
SIGTRAN
AppServer Route/Policy Service
SNMP
PARLAY
/SIP
INAP
Switch
H.248/
SIGTRAN
NMS
SoftX3000
UMG8900
SIP-T/BICC
IN
LDAP/
TRIP
Packet/TDM
bearer
network
Switch
SS7/PRI/
R2
SS7/PRI/
R2
PSTN
PSTN

ISUP: ISDN User Part SS7: Signaling System No. 7 PRI: Primary Rate Interface
SIGTRAN: Signaling
Transport
SIP: Session Initiation
Protocol

Figure 3-8 Networking of the UMG8900 as a tandem exchange
When the UMG8900 is used as a tandem exchange for networking, it can tandem the
call services of the local exchange and provide direct access to the V5 interface
network and enterprise devices such as PBX.
The multiple UMG8900 as the tandem exchanges are connected with each other by
IP packets, which realizes the IP packetization of the core network. This enables the
gradual evolution towards the NGN. They can also be connected by the existing TDM
transport network, saving the user investment.
The call control signaling from the local exchange can be transferred by the signaling
transfer point (STP) or can also be transferred to the SoftX3000 by the embedded
signaling gateway of the UMG8900.

Note:
The UMG9800 can also be used as a toll tandem exchange for networking. In this
situation, it operates as a tandem exchange. No more explanation is given here.

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3.4 Technical Specifications
3.4.1 Service Processing Capability
The service processing capability of the UMG8900 as a TG is shown in Table 3-1.
Table 3-1 Service processing capability of the UMG8900 (TG)
Item Index
E1
SSM-32: 16 E1s 768 E1s, the maximum for a single frame:
256 E1s, 8 K VoIP channel; the maximum of 4-frame
cascading: 1024 E1s, 32 K VoIP channel
SSM-256: 16 E1s 1792 E1s, the maximum for a single
frame: 256 E1s, 8 K VoIP channel; the maximum of 9-frame
cascading: 56 K VoIP channel
SSM-256+SSM-32: up to 7168 E1s, 224 K VoIP channel
Channel
SDH
SSM-32: single frame: 5 STM-1, 10 K VoIP channel; the
maximum of 4-frame cascading: 16 STM-1, 32 K VoIP
channel
SSM-256: single frame: 5 STM-1, 10 K VoIP channel; the
maximum of 9-frame cascading: 112 STM-1, 224K VoIP
channel
SSM-256+SSM-32: up to 112 STM-1, 224 K VoIP channel
Call
processing
capability
16 M BHCA (high specification), 84 K BHCA (low specification).

3.4.2 Service Quality
The service quality indexes of the UMG8900 as a TG are shown in Table 3-2.
Table 3-2 Service quality indexes of the UMG8900 (TG)
Item Explanation
Gateway
codec delay
Not including transmission and IP network forwarding delay
G.711 10 ms: TDM to IP delay < 15 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter;
G.711 20 ms: TDM to IP delay < 25 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter;
G.729 10 ms: TDM to IP delay < 20 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter;
G.729 20 ms: TDM to IP delay < 30 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter;
G.723 30 ms: TDM to IP delay < 42.5 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms +
IP network jitter.
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Item Explanation

Normal
network
conditions
Bad network
conditions
(packet loss = 1%,
network jitter = 20
ms, delay =1 00 ms)
Worse network
conditions
(packet loss =
5%, network
jitter = 60 ms,
delay = 400
ms)
G.711 20
ms
4.15
(reaching the
PSTN)
3.80
(approximate to the
PSTN)
3.40
(acceptable)
G.729 2
ms
3.72
(approximate
to the PSTN)
3.50
(acceptable)
3.00
(not
recommended)
Voice quality
PSEQ-LQ/M
OS
G.723 30
ms
3.69
(approximate
to the PSTN)
3.45
(acceptable)
3.00
(not
recommended)
Jitter Buffer 0 200 ms
Echo
cancellation
32 ms, 64 ms, 128 ms
Fax rate The highest receiving and sending speed reaches 33.6 kbit/s.

3.4.3 Indexes of the Embedded Signaling Gateway
The performance indexes of the embedded signaling gateway are shown in Table 3-3.
Table 3-3 Service processing capability (embedded SG)
Item Index
64 kbit/s SSM-32/SSM-256: 16 links for each board; the
maximum link number: 320
MTP2 link
2 Mbit/s SSM-32/SSM-256: one link for each board; the
maximum link number: 20
64 kbit/s SSM-32/SSM-256: 16 links for each board; the
maximum link number: 320
MTP2LNK
link
2 Mbit/s SSM-32/SSM-256: one link for each board; the
maximum link number: 20
Q.921 link 64 kbit/s SSM-32/SSM-256: 128 links for each board; the
maximum link number: 7168
LAPV5 link 64 k/bit/s SSM-32/SSM-256: 64 links for each board; the
maximum link number: 916

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Chapter 4 Access Gateway
4.1 About This Chapter
When the UMG8900 serves as an independent AG, the SSM and the UAM need to be
configured at the same time. The UMG8900 accesses user terminals directly through
the UAM, and performs service stream convergence and switching, service stream
formats conversion and transport modes adaptation through the SSM.
The SSM and the UAM can be installed in a same central equipment room. Or the
UAM can be placed near users and connects with the SSM through E1 or SDH cables
based on the internal private protocol.
This chapter introduces the system architecture, hardware components, networking
applications and major service indexes of the UMG8900 when it serves as an AG.
4.2 System Architecture
4.2.1 Hardware Fundamentals
The system architecture of the UMG8900 in the AG networking is shown in Figure
4-1.
SSM
UAM UAM UAM ......
Internal
bus
H.248/O&M/SIGTRAN
ASL/DSL/PRA/DDN
TDM/IP/ATM
Trunk
TDM/IP/ATM
Trunk
UMG8900

SSM: Service switching Module UAM: User Access Module
Figure 4-1 System architecture of the UMG8900 serving as an AG
The UMG8900 contains two parts, Service Switching Module (SSM) and User Access
Module (UAM). The SSM and the UAM must be configured for the AG application.
The UAM and the SSM can be placed in a same machine room or they can be placed
far apart by the optical access network.
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4.2.2 Service Switching Module (SSM)
The SSM is the core unit of the whole equipment, which processes service switching
and converts service stream formats.
The SSM communicates with the UAM by the internal private protocols and by E1
cables or SDH optical fibers physically.
The SSM uses the N68-22 cabinet and is placed in different cabinets from the UAM.
For details about the appearance and structure of the SSM, refer to section 3.2
System Architecture.
4.2.3 User Access Module (UAM)
The UAM provides direct access for users and integrated access for narrowband and
broadband services.
The SSM provides upstream tandem interfaces for user service data accessed by the
UAM to realize service convergence and network interworking. The UAM can be
placed in the same machine room with the SSM, or it can be placed at a remote end
near users.
Because of the variety of user access and special user conditions, the UAM hardware
takes various types in structure and appearance. However, its function is relatively
uniform.
The UAM can be configured in various modes such as the indoor configuration,
outdoor configuration and the integrated configuration where different cabinets and
frames are adopted.
The UAM frame types are shown in Table 2-4, and the UAM cabinet types are shown
in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1 UAM cabinets
Configuration
type
Cabinet type Dimensions
F01A
F01A (indoor
type)
1800 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm
(depth)
F02A
F02A (indoor
type)
2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm
(depth)
F01AF (480)
F01A (indoor
type)
1800 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 480 mm
(depth)
F02AF (480)
F02A (indoor
type)
2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 480 mm
(depth)
F01AF (600)
F01A (indoor
type)
1800 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm
(depth)
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Configuration
type
Cabinet type Dimensions
F02AF (600)
F02A (indoor
type)
2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm
(depth)
F02AF (400H)
F02A (indoor
type)
2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 400 mm
(depth)
F01D100
F01D (outdoor
type)
950 mm (height) x 875 mm (width) x 400 mm
(depth)
F01D200
F01D (outdoor
type)
1200 mm (height) x 1250 mm (width) x 550 mm
(depth)
F01D500
F01D (outdoor
type)
1550 mm (height) x 1550 mm (width) x 550 mm
(depth)
F01D1000
F01D (outdoor
type)
1650 mm (height) x 1900 mm (width) x 550 mm
(depth)
60A
60A (indoor
type)
86 mm (height) x 436 mm (width) x 420 mm
(depth)
1000A
1000A (indoor
type)
2100 mm (height) x 880 mm (width) x 550 mm
(depth)
160B
160B (outdoor
type)
800 mm (height) x 550 mm (width) x 300 mm
(depth)

Note:
For F01A&F02A, F01AF&F02AF, F01D200, F01D500 and F01D1000, high-density
UAM frames can also be configured.

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4.3 Logical Architecture
The logical architecture of the UMG8900 is shown in Figure 4-2.
TDM
bearer
processing
Service
resources
Packet
bearer
processing
Gateway
control
Signaling
adaptation
TDM
IP/
IPoA
H.248/SIGTRAN
User access
POTS/
ISDN
H.248

Figure 4-2 System architecture
The UMG8900 accesses and switches TDM bearer service streams through the TDM
bearer processing module, and accesses packet service through the packet bearer
processing module. It implements conversion of service stream formats through the
service resource module and provides announcement playing, digits collecting and
other service resources. The signaling adaptation module implements the resolution
and adaptation of common channel signaling. The gateway control module manages
gateway resources.
The user access module cooperates with the TDM bearer processing module to
provide user access function.
Besides, the UMG8900 includes the operation and maintenance module, the clock
module providing clock signals for TDM bearer processing and the cascading module
in case of multi-frame cascading.
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4.4 Networking Applications
When the UMG8900 serves as an AG, the networking is shown in Figure 4-3.
UMG8900(AG)
SoftX3000
IP
PBX
V5 AN
PSTN/
PLMN
UMG8900(TG)
POTS ISDN
SS7/
PRI/R2
H.248
H.248
PRI/R2
V5
POTS ISDN
RSA
RSP/RSM
/UA

Figure 4-3 Integrated AG networking
As an integrated AG, the UMG8900 can provide access for broadband and
narrowband users through the UAM and the RSM. The SSM is placed at a local
exchange. The UAM can be placed away from the SSM through an optical access
network or near the SSM. The RSM is placed at a remote end where users are apart
from each other and away from the host exchange to perform the remote
self-switching function. In addition, the RSM provides the StandAlone function. When
the RSM is disconnected from the host exchange, the users connected to the RSM
can perform basic POTS calls.
The integrated AG provides IP interfaces and manages user services at the local
exchange side. It realized separation of upstream voice and data services. As current
IP networks are not mature, it is an ideal mode for local exchange reconstruction and
new construction.
The UMG8900 supports access of the V5 access network users by the V5 protocol
and access of the PBX users by the PRA/R2 protocol.
Multiple UMG8900 devices can be managed by a same SoftX3000 to constitute a
large local network, providing the IP CENTREX function for enterprise users in other
places.
The UMG8900 interworks with softswitch devices by the standard H.248 protocol. In
the communication between the broadband terminals in the NGN and the terminals
attached to the UMG8900, the UMG8900 implements the service stream formats
processing and bearer conversion.
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4.5 Technical Specifications
4.5.1 Service Processing Capability
The UMG8900 can serve as an integrated AG or a distributed AG.
When the UMG8900 serves as an integrated AG, the service processing capability is
shown in Table 4-2.
Table 4-2 Service processing capability of the UMG8900 as an AG
Item Index
POTS users: maximum 1,000,000
PRA users: 7168 (30B+D or 23B+D) Number of users
BRI users: maximum 500,000
Processing capability 8M BHCA

4.5.2 Service Quality
When the UMG8900 serves as an AG, the major service quality indexes are shown in
Table 4-3.
Table 4-3 Service quality indexes of the UMG8900 as an AG
Item Description
Network
codec delay
Not including transmission and IP network forwarding delay
G.711 10 ms: TDM to IP delay < 15 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter
G.711 20 ms: TDM to IP delay < 25 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter
G.729 10 ms: TDM to IP delay < 20 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter
G.729 20 ms: TDM to IP delay < 30 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms + IP
network jitter
G.723 30 ms: TDM to IP delay < 42.5 ms; IP to TDM delay < 7 ms +
IP network jitter
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Item Description

Normal
network
conditions
Poor network
conditions
(packet loss rate =
1%, network jitter =
20 ms, delay = 100
ms)
Worse network
conditions
(packet loss rate =
5%, network jitter =
60 ms, delay = 400
ms)
G.711
20 ms
4.15
(reaching
the PSTN
quality)
3.80
(close to the PSTN)
3.40
(acceptable)
G.729
20 ms
3.72
(close to
the PSTN
quality)
3.50
(acceptable)
3.00
(not recommended)
Voice quality
PSEQ-LQ/M
OS
G.723
30 ms
3.69
(close to
the PSTN
quality)
3.45
(acceptable)
3.00
(not recommended)
Jitter Buffer 0 200 ms
Echo
cancellation
32 ms, 64 ms, 128 ms
Fax rate The highest receiving and sending rate reaches 33.6 kbit/s.

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Chapter 5 NGN-Enabled Switch
5.1 About This Chapter
This chapter introduces the application where the UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 are
combined to serve as an NGN-enabled switch in the networking.
For the UMG8900, this application is similar to the TG/AG application. The only
difference is that upstream services adopt TDM or IP bearer.
5.2 System Architecture
5.2.1 System Fundamentals
The system fundamentals of the UMG8900 are shown in Figure 5-1.
SSM
UAM UAM UAM
Internal
bus
H.248/O&M/SIGTRAN
ASL/DSL/XDSL
TDM/IP/
ATM Trunk
TDM/IP/
ATM Trunk
UMG8900
RSM
UAM
RSM
UAM
Internal
bus

SSM: Service Switching Module UAM: User Access Module
RSM: Remote Switching Module
Figure 5-1 Device architecture of the UMG8900
The hardware of the UMG8900 consists of three parts, Service Switching Module
(SSM), Remote Switching Module (RSM) and User Access Module (UAM).
The SSM, RSM and UAM communicate between them by the internal private
protocols. Physically, the E1 cables or SDH optical fibers are used.
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5.2.2 Service Switching Module (SSM)
The SSM is the core unit of the whole device and provides service stream format
conversion and switching.
The SSM supports the TDM/IP/ATM (IPoA) trunk interfaces and provides interfaces
with the softswitch devices. The SSM also implements the operation and
maintenance of the whole device.
For the hardware architecture and appearance of the SSM, refer to section 3.2
System Architecture".
5.2.3 Remote Switching Module (RSM)
For some PSTN networking applications and reconstruction where users are apart
from each other and far away from the local exchange, the UMG8900 provides
access for uses through the UAM that is attached to the RSM.
The RSM accepts management from the SSM. It has the self-switching function and
can save transmission capacity by converging local calls. The RSM has a certain local
call handling capability. When disconnected from the host exchange, the RSM can
process basic voice service calls of the local POTS users. That is, the RSM can
provide the StandAlone function.
The RSM only supports the single-frame mode rather than multi-frame cascading.
The RSM must cooperate with the SSM for networking. One SSM can attach multiple
RSM devices.
5.2.4 User Access Module (UAM)
The UAM provides direct access for users and integrated access for narrowband and
broadband services.
The SSM provides upstream tandem interfaces for user service data accessed by the
UAM to realize service convergence and network interworking. The UAM can be
placed in the same equipment room with the SSM, or it can be placed at a remote end
near users.
Because of the variety of user access and special user conditions, the UAM hardware
takes various types in structure and appearance. For the UAM frames supported by
the UMG8900, refer to Table 2-4.
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5.3 Networking Applications
5.3.1 C5 Local Exchange Expansion Networking
Figure 5-2 shows the application of the UMG8900 in the networking of C5 local
exchange expansion in traditional PSTN networks.
UA
DVC
RSP
PBX CDMA450
V5AN
C4
C5
SoftX3000
UMG8900

Figure 5-2 C5 local exchange expansion networking
When the PSTN network needs expansion due to the increasing of users, this can be
achieved by the networking of the NGN-enabled UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 in the
superimposing mode.
The original C5 switches can still provide access for the old users, or through the
configuration adjustment, part of these users can be allocated to the UMG8900.
When the UMG8900 serves as a switch, it supports connection with the original RSP
and other remote modules of Huawei. It also supports access of the V5 access
network and CDMA450 access networks. For users accessed through the UMG8900,
the SoftX3000 manages the call control and the UMG8900 implements the service
switching and user access.
The UMG8900 supports the TDM/IP trunk. Thus, it can fully utilize the existing TDM
transmission networks in PSTN or newly built IP networks to realize IP bypass of calls.
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For user services accessed by the UMG8900, the UMG8900 and the SoftX3000
jointly process intra-exchange calls while the UMG8900 transfers outgoing calls
directly to the upper-level C4 devices.
5.3.2 C5 Local Exchange Reconstruction Networking
C5 local exchange reconstruction applies to occasions where PSTN devices need to
be replaced due to the aging.
Figure 5-3 shows the application of the UMG8900 in C5 local exchange
reconstruction networking.
UMG8900
UA
DVC
PBX
CDMA450
V5AN
C4
SoftX3000
RSP
TDM/IP
A
B
C
UMG8900 UMG8900

Figure 5-3 C5 local exchange reconstruction networking
The UMG8900 cooperates with the SoftX3000 to replace the original C5 switch. The
UMG8900 can also attach the RSM to replace the original remote devices such as the
Switching Module (SM) and Remote Integrated Module (RIM).
The UMG8900 implements adaptation and transfer of the user signaling and then
sends the signaling to the SoftX3000.
The UMG8900 can be placed in a same equipment room with the SoftX3000. Or the
SoftX3000 can be placed at an office site and the UMG8900 at multiple office sites,
constituting a large local network.
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The UMG8900 can connect with the original access network devices, enterprise PBX
devices and user terminals. The multiple UMG8900s can connect with each other by
the existing TDM transport network or the newly built IP network to realize IP
packetization of the core network.
The core network based on the softswitch architecture provides flexible and fast
access to new NGN services, such as multi-media services, access services of SIP
terminals and H.323 terminals.
The network can evolve to the NGN smoothly through the software upgrade or the
adding of some boards.
5.3.3 C4 Tandem Exchange Expansion Networking
C4 tandem exchange expansion applies to occasions where the capacity of the
original C4 switching devices cannot meet the increasing demands. In this case, the
NGN-enabled UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 can be combined to implement the
network expansion on the C4 tandem layer.
The C4 tandem exchange expansion networking is shown in Figure 5-4.
Gateway exchange
SoftX3000
TDM/IP
UMG8900 UMG8900
C5 C5 C5 C5 C5

Figure 5-4 C4 tandem exchange expansion networking
When the capacity of the original C4 devices cannot meet the demands, the
UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 can be combined to realize the expansion in each cell.
In this mode, part of the trunk of the local exchange can be transferred to the
UMG8900, which implements the convergence of upstream service streams.
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The UMG8900 and the C5 devices connect with each other by the TDM. If the
UMG8900 is used for the local exchange expansion at the same time, the local
exchange and tandem exchange can connect with each other by the IP packets.
The multiple UMG8900 devices as C4 tandem exchanges can connect with each
other by the TDM. They can also connect with each other by IP packets to realize IP
packetization of the core network. This enables the network to evolve towards IP
packetization.
A semi-permanent connection established by the UMG8900 can transfer the signaling
from the C5 to the C4. Or the embedded signaling gateway provided by the UMG8900
can implement signaling adaptation and transfer.
5.4 Technical Specifications
The UMG8900 provides different service processing capabilities respectively as a
local exchange and a tandem exchange.
When the UMG8900 serves as a C5 exchange, the service processing capability is
shown in Table 5-1.
Table 5-1 Service processing capability of the UMG8900 (C5)
Item Index
V5 users: maximum 1,000,000
PRA users: 7,168 (30B+D or 23B+D)
POTS users: maximum 1,000,000
Number of users
supported
BRI users: maximum 500,000

When the UMG8900 serves as a C4 tandem exchange, the service processing
capability is shown in Table 5-2.
Table 5-2 Service processing capability of the UMG8900 (C4)
Item Index
Trunk 7168E1, 112 STM-1
Call processing capability 16M BHCA

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Chapter 6 Video Interworking Gateway
6.1 About This Chapter
This chapter introduces the system architecture, networking applications and major
service indexes of the UMG8900 when it serves as a VIG.
Only the SSM needs to be configured in the VIG networking.
6.2 System Architecture
6.2.1 Product Appearance
The hardware of the UMG8900 as a VIG is the same as when it serves as a TG. The
only difference is that the service resource part incorporates a video service
processing function.
For details about the product appearance, refer to section 3.2.1 Appearance and
Structure of the Frame in Chapter 3 Trunk Gateway in this manual.
6.2.2 Logical Architecture
The logical architecture of the UMG8900 as a VIG is the same as when it serves as a
TG. For details, refer to section 3.2.3 Logical Architecture in Chapter 3 Trunk
Gateway in this manual.
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6.3 Networking Applications
6.3.1 Networking Between UMTS and H.323 Video Terminals
To perform multimedia communications, an H.324M video terminal in a UMTS CS
domain and a video terminal in an H.323 network are networked as shown in Figure
6-1.
UMTS
GMSC
SoftX3000
UMG8900
H.248
H.323
GK
MCU
TUP/
ISUP
RAS
RAS
IP/ATM/TDM
TDM IP

GK: Gatekeeper UMTS: Universal Mobile
Telecommunications System
GMSC: Gateway Mobile Switching
Center
MCU: Multipoint
Control Unit
ISUP: ISDN User Part RAS: Registration, Admission and
Status
Figure 6-1 Networking for the interworking between UMTS and H.323 video
terminals
In this networking mode, the UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 need to be combined to
build a network. They can be located in an H.323 network and act as an entity to
network with other devices.
The UMG8900 exchanges H.248 messages with the SoftX3000 over the core IP
packet network of an H.323 network.
In the UMTS, a GMSC can connect with a Visited Mobile Switching Center (VMSC)
through IP, TDM or ATM, and a GMSC connects with the UMG8900 and SoftX3000
through TDM. The SG embedded in the UMG8900 transfers the signaling from the
GMSC to the SoftX3000. The UMG8900 and the SoftX3000 connect with the H.323
core packet network over IP.
Video terminals in a UMTS CS domain adopt the H.324M protocol while H.323 video
terminals adopt the H.323 protocol. The UMG8900 accomplishes the service
interworking between H.324M terminals and H.323 terminals, while the SoftX3000
implements the call control interworking between them.
For a multimedia service call between an H.324M terminal and an H.323 terminal, the
basic procedures are as follows:
An H.324M terminal initiates a call and the VMSC forwards the call to the
corresponding GMSC.
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The GMSC interworks with the SoftX3000 through the TUP/ISUP protocol,
sending the user information to the latter.
The SoftX3000 registers with the GK of the H.323 network through RAS. After
receiving the multimedia call from the UMTS, the SoftX3000 forwards the call to
the GK through RAS messages.
The GK initiates a call to the specified H.323 terminal after receiving the
UMTS-side user call information from the SoftX3000.
After the call connection is set up, the UMG8900 establishes a service channel
on the service bearer plane. During the call control interworking, if audio or video
codec conversion is required, the Softx3000 assigns corresponding service
resources at the establishment of the service bearer according to the call
negotiation result.
In this networking mode, the UMG8900 implements the interworking on the following
three layers.
I. Interworking on the Media Control Layer
The UMG8900 implements the multimedia control protocol interworking between
H.324M video terminals in a UMTS CS domain and H.323 video terminals.
While both H.324M and H.323 video terminals adopt the H.245 protocol, they cannot
perform protocol interworking directly because they employ different media bearer
formats and codec types. The UMG8900 enables this kind of interworking at the
media control layer.
II. Interworking on the Media Bearer Layer
The UMG8900 can convert media bearer formats between H.324M video terminals in
a UMTS CS domain and H.323 video terminals.
An H.324M video terminal adopts H.223 as the media bearer mode. It multiplexes
control, audio and video streams into one 64-kbit/s or 56-kbit/s channel and then
transports them through that channel.
An H.323 video terminal adopts RTP as the media bearer mode. Audio and video
streams are put into RTP packets and then transported over IP networks.
The UMG8900 implements the interworking at the media bearer layer. After receiving
multiplexed H.223 streams from an H.324M video terminal, the UMG8900 first
de-multiplexes them into audio and video streams, then translates them into RTP
packets, and finally transports the packets to an H.323 terminal.
III. Interworking on the Media Layer
The UMG8900 can convert codec types between an H.324M mobile terminal and an
H.323 terminal.
An H.324M video terminal usually uses AMR for audio coding/decoding, and H.263
and MPEG-4 for video coding/decoding.
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An H.323 video terminal usually uses G.711 and G.723.1 for audio coding/decoding
and H.263 for video coding/decoding.
During a call, if an H.324M terminal and an H.323 terminal support different codec
types, the UMG8900 can achieve interworking at the media layer, for example,
between AMR and G.723.1.
6.3.2 Networking Between UMTS and NGN Video Terminals
To perform multimedia communications, an H.324M video terminal in a UMTS CS
domain and an SIP terminal in an NGN are networked as shown in Figure 6-2.
UMTS
GMSC
SoftX3000
UMG8900
SIP terminal
NGN
TUP/ISUP
IP/ATM/TDM
TDM IP
H.324 terminal
H.248
SIP

NGN: Next Generation
Network
ISUP: ISDN User Part GMSC: Gateway Mobile Switching
Center
SIP: Session Initiation
Protocol
UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
Figure 6-2 Networking for the interworking between UMTS and NGN video terminals
In this networking mode, the UMG8900 can work as an entity in the NGN, the PSTN
or the UMTS CS domain.
The UMG8900 implements interworking between the SIP video terminal in the NGN
and the H.324M terminal in the UMTS CS domain, in terms of signaling, call control
and bearer services.
In this networking mode, the UMG8900 achieves interworking on the following three
layers.
I. Interworking on the Media Control Layer
The UMG8900 can implement multimedia control protocol interworking between
H.324M video terminals in a UMGS CS domain and SIP terminals in an NGN.
While H.324M video terminals adopt H.245 protocol for multimedia control and SIP
terminals adopt SIP, the UMG8900 can achieve interworking between them on the
media control layer.
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II. Interworking on the Media Bearer Layer
The VIG8920 can convert media bearer formats between H.324M video terminals in a
UMGS CS domain and SIP terminals in an NGN.
An H.324M video terminal adopts H.223 as the media bearer mode. It multiplexes
control, audio and video streams into one 64 kbit/s, 56 kbit/s or 32 kbit/s channel and
then transports them through that channel.
An SIP terminal adopts RTP as the media bearer mode. It puts audio and video
streams into RTP packets and then transports them over IP networks.
The UMG8900 implements the interworking on the media bearer layer. After receiving
multiplexed H.223 streams from an H.324M video terminal, the UMG8900 first
de-multiplexes them into audio and video streams, then translates them into RTP
packets, and finally transports the packets to an SIP terminal.
III. Interworking on the Media Layer
The UMG8900 can convert codec types between H.324M video terminals in a UMTS
CS domain and SIP terminals in an NGN.
An H.324M video terminal usually uses AMR for audio coding/decoding, and H.263
and MPEG-4 for video coding/decoding.
An SIP terminal usually uses G.711 and G.723.1 for audio coding/decoding and H.263
for video coding/decoding.
During a call, if an H.324M video terminal and an SIP terminal support different codec
types, the UMG8900 can achieve interworking at the media layer, for example,
between AMR and G.723.1.
6.3.3 Networking Between UMTS, H.323 and NGN Video Terminals
In this mode, NGN and H.323 networks usually take the form of an overlay network.
When the H.324M, H.323 and SIP terminals support different codec types, the
UMG8900 is used to perform service stream format conversion and transport mode
adaptation. This networking mode is equivalent to the integration of the previous two
networking modes.
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6.4 Technical Specifications
6.4.1 Service Processing Capability
When the UMG8900 serves as a VIG, the service processing capability is shown in
Table 6-1.
Table 6-1 Service processing capability of the UMG8900 (VIG)
Item Index
Service call
ability
Maximum of 9-frame cascading; 1280 channels for a single frame
and maximum 10752 channels
Call Attempt
Per Second
(CAPS)
For a single frame: 25 CAPS; for a full configuration: 175 CAPS
Audio codec type AMR, G.711, G.723.1 and G.729
Audio codec
Audio conversion
AMRG.711
AMRG.723.1
AMRG.729
Video codec type
MPEG-4 Visual SP@L0, H.263
BaseLine
Video code stream rate 32 kbit/s 64 kbit/s
Frame rate 15 fps, 30 fps
Resolution QCIF, CIF, SQCIF
Video codec
Video conversion MPEG-4, H.263

6.4.2 Performance Specifications of the Embedded SG
When the UMG8900 serves as a VIG, the performance specifications of the
embedded SG are shown in Table 6-2.
Table 6-2 Service processing capability of the UMG8900 as a VIG (embedded SG)
Item Index
64 kbit/s 16 for a board, up to 320 MTP2 links
2 Mbit/s 1 for a board, up to 20
64 kbit/s 16 for a board, up to 320 MTP3 links
2 Mbit/s 1 for a board, up to 20

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Chapter 7 OAM System
7.1 About This Chapter
OAM is the basic requirements for equipment management and maintenance.
Convenient and flexible OAM way can help decrease the running and maintenance
cost of the equipment.
This chapter describes components and functions of the OAM system of the
UMG8900. By reading this chapter, you can know the basic structure, module
components and OAM functions of the OAM system of the UMG8900.
This chapter consists of:
System Architecture
OAM Function
7.2 System Architecture
The OAM system contains operation, management and maintenance functions. It
refers to all the work a carrier does on a telecommunication equipment or system that
have been put into operation. The purpose of the OAM is to ensure that the system
runs normally and provides excellent services.
The UMG8900 provides powerful maintenance and management functions that
facilitate routine management and maintenance and increase the usability and
maintainability of the equipment.
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The maintenance and management system is shown in Figure 7-1.
LAN
Internet
PSTN
UMG8900
Router
Modem
LMT
LMT
Local Maintenance
Remote Maintenance
N2000 Server N2000 Client

UMG: Universal Media Gateway LMT: Local Maintenance
LAN: Local Area Network PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network
Figure 7-1 UMG8900 Maintenance and Management System
The OAM system is based on the client/server structure. The UMG8900 host acts as
the server and the LMT as the client. The LMT is responsible for management and
maintenance functions.
Through the LMT, the UMG8900 implements remote and local maintenance. It also
provides interfaces with the N2000 integrated Network Management System (NMS)
provided by Huawei so as to accomplish centralized management on the whole
network devices. The N2000 NMS consists of one N2000 server and multiple N2000
clients.
7.2.1 LMT Management System
The UMG8900 is maintained and managed by means of MML or Graphic User
Interface (GUI) of the LMT. The LMT supports the following functions:
Device configuration and management
Service maintenance
Performance statistics
Service tracing
Security management and troubleshooting.
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As an operation and maintenance client, the LMT connects to the BAM of the OMU.
The LMT and BAM are designed in a standard client/server structure. The BAM
supports device management and provides external management interface. Because
the BAM applies the industry-popular real-time and distribution operation system,
service processing capability is greatly improved. The BAM connects and manages
other functional units through the FAM.
The LMT provides friendly graphic interfaces and abundant online help information. At
the LMT, you can check command meaning and parameter description when using
commands. In addition, you can view alarm information, including alarm meaning,
handling suggestions and so on.
The LMT provides the following functions:
Managing multiple UMG8900 devices at the same time
Providing external alarm boxes for reporting voice and optical alarms
Sending alarm information to maintenance technicians
To insure reliable connection between the LMT and the UMG8900, dual planes design
is used, as shown in Figure 7-2.

N
E
T
LMT
UMG8900
N
E
T
O
M
U
LAN Switch
O
M
U

LMT: Local Maintenance Terminal UMG: Universal Media Gateway
NET: Packet Switch Unit LAN Switch: Ethernet Switch
OMU: Operation and Maintenance Unit
Figure 7-2 Dual planes network
In actual networking, master and slave OMUs of the UMG8900 are both connected to
the LAN Switch through standard cables. The LMT system communicates with the
UMG8900 host also through the LAN Switch. During communication, only the master
OMU functions. When the master board fails, the slave OMU becomes active and
connects to the LMT. The master OMU provides only one maintenance IP address
(OMC interface) for the outside.

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Note:
The back NET accommodates OMC interfaces so as to meet requirements of the
UMG8900 back cabling.

7.2.2 Integrated Network Management System
N2000 is a NMS in iManager network management solutions independently
developed by Huawei. It implements centralized management for different devices in
fixed networks. The LMT can be integrated into N2000 NMS to manage all devices in
a centralized way and browse devices with the help of the topology management
function of the N2000 NMS. The N2000 NMS communicates with the UMG8900 host
based on TCP/IP.
Integrated NMS makes it easy to maintain alarm information, operate, manage the
equipment and manage and query the system so as to implement centralized
management.
The N2000 NMS includes N2000 Server and N2000 Client. More than one N2000
Client can be used. The LMT is loosely coupled with integrated NM; the former is
responsible for special management of the UMG8900 while the latter is responsible
for device public management such as all network devices topology management and
troubleshooting.
7.2.3 Command Line
The system provides not only graphical interface-based operation and maintenance
but also MML command. The MML command can be used to implement data
configuration, routine operation and maintenance management.
MML is an interactive interface between machine and man, which is based on ITU
Z.301-Z.341 series. MML provides commands to operate and query the UMG8900.
Using the commands, users can monitor and manage the UMG8900 over all
networks.
MML has the following features:
Encapsulation: services of the UMG8900 encapsulated with MML commands.
One command corresponds to one function other than a simple operation. For
example, adding an IP address for an IP interface, several steps can be
integrated through MML commands so as to improve efficiency.
Consistence check: data consistency check is performed by MML system. The
relationship between tables is checked when the function is executed to prevent
rubbish data.
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Conversion: MML commands are equivalent to the lower layer Application
Program Interface (API), and all other applications are built on it. GUI terminal
translates operations of user interface into commands and then transmits them
to MML system to implement execution and returning text. The result in graphical
interface converts to proper output. In this way, the system stabilities can be
ensured. The system running will not be affected by program problems.
Interactive: input and output of MML system based on pure character string
support interaction between Telnet and devices. It is easy for client to cross over
several platforms (for example, support dump terminal without processing
capability). This brings convenience to integrated network management, which
represents the development trend in communications products.
In MML graphical interface, you can perform historical commands selecting and key
word searching. These functions make it easy for users to choose the needed
commands.
For special command parameters, there is a prompt for parameters input. You can
also input a parameter through drop box, check box and so on to facilitate users.
7.3 OAM Function
The UMG8900 provides graphical operation and maintenance environment. The main
OAM functions include:
Device Management
Data Management
Alarm Management
Tracing Management
Performance Management
Environment and Power Supply Monitoring
7.3.1 Device Management
In a graphical interface, you can view the information about device configuration,
board cascading and the present status of boards and power distribution. Through the
short cut menu, you can perform the following operations on boards and interfaces:
Querying
Displaying
Switching over
Resetting
Isolating
Blocking
Activating
Through graphical interface and MML commands, you can manage and maintain:
Hardware
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System resources
Signaling link
Clock
Physical ports
7.3.2 Data Management
The idea of the function is to manage and maintain the configuration and operating
data of the UMG8900.
The configuring data include service configuration and local configuration data. The
UMG8900 supports the following operations on the data to facilitate system upgrade
and maintenance:
Saving
Dumping
Restoring
During the system running, the following data are generated such as alarm, log,
performance and tracing. The system provides direct data saving function as well as
dumping function so as to implement real time data backup, which helps with faults
location and network optimization.
7.3.3 Alarm Management
The idea of this function is to receive and deal with alarms. According to alarm type
and level, a specific alarm terminal (for example, an alarm box and alarm
management system) starts up, delivers the corresponding voice and optical signals,
and sends the translated alarm information to the NM center through NM interfaces.
In addition, the function also supports:
Saving alarm information
Querying historical alarm records
Setting alarm processing
7.3.4 Tracing Management
The idea of the function is to support service tracing, signaling tracing, interface
tracing and message explanation. It also performs real time dynamic tracing on
service resources and interface protocols in the following fields:
Connection process
Status migration
Resource occupation
Control information flow
The above information can be stored for fault location and fixing.
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7.3.5 Performance Management
The idea of the function is to measure services and call objects. These statistics
results are reference for device status analysis and telecommunications network plan,
design, operation, management and maintenance.
The system provides powerful performance measurements. The performance
management is implemented through defining different measure objects, measure
sets, measure units and measure items and setting flexible measure time.
7.3.6 Environment and Power Supply Monitoring
In this case, remote monitoring and centralized management in equipment rooms can
be achieved even when no one is on duty.
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Chapter 8 Technical Specifications
8.1 Performance Specifications
8.1.1 Platform Switching Capability
The platform processing capability mainly involves the SSM.
The relevant specifications are shown in Table 8-1.
Table 8-1 Platform processing capability
Item Index
Packet switching
SSM-256: Single Frame 16 Gbit/s, Maximum 128 Gbit/s
SSM-32: Single Frame 12 Gbit/s, Maximum 36 Gbit/s
TDM Switching
SSM-256: 256k
SSM-32: 32k

8.1.2 Clock Specifications
The clock specifications are shown in Table 8-2.
Table 8-2 Clock specifications
Item Index
Minimum
accuracy
Stratum 2 clock: 4 10
-7

Stratum 3 clock: 4 10
-7

Pull-in range
Stratum 2 clock: 4 10
-7

Stratum 3 clock: 4.6 10
-6

Maximum
frequency
offset
Stratum 2 clock: 5 10
-10
per day
Stratum 3 clock: 2 10
-10
per day
Network-accessed
clock
Initial
maximum
frequency
offset
Stratum 2 clock: < 1 10
-10
per day
Stratum 3 clock: < 1 10
-10
per day
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Item Index
Ideal status MRTIE 1 ms
Long-term phase
status
Hold-over state
MRTIE (ns) a s + (1/2) b s
2
+ c
s standards for time measured in second,
and MRTIE is measured in nanosecond.
Stratum 2 clock:
a = 0.5 b = 1.16 10
-5
c = 1000
Stratum 3 clock:
a = 10 b = 2.3 10
-4
c = 1000
Clock work status
The clock work status may be fast pull-in, locked, hold-over
and free-run.

These indexes are explained as follows:
Minimum accuracy: the maximum magnitude of the frequency deviation from the
nominal frequency for a specified time period (20 years) in the absence of an
external reference clock, namely, in the free-run state.
Maximum frequency offset: the maximum magnitude of the fractional frequency
deviation for a specified time period.
Pull-in range: the largest frequency bandwidth of the input clock signals that can
be locked.
MRTIE: maximum relative time interval error, referring to the largest
peak-to-peak delay deviation of a tested clock from a reference clock within a
specified test period.
8.1.3 Supported Protocols
The UMG8900 supports the following protocols, as shown in Table 8-3.
Table 8-3 Supported protocols
Item Index
Media gateway control protocol H.248 (RFC3015)
Voice coding/decoding protocols G.711, G.723.1, G.726, G.729, AMR
Video coding/decoding protocols H.263, MPEG-4
Video multiplex/demultiplex protocols H.223, H.225
Signaling protocols
V5, R2, No.5, SIGTRAN
(M2UA/IUA/V5UA)
Control protocols SCTP/TCP/UDP, RTCP, H.245
Stream protocols RTP/UDP/IP
Maintenance & management SNMP, IP Sec, DNS, NTP/SNTP
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8.1.4 Reliability
The reliability indexes of the UMG8900 are shown in Table 8-4.
Table 8-4 Reliability indexes of the UMG8900
Item Index
Resource availability in typical
configuration
99.9997905%
Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) 43.59 years
Mean Time To Repair (MTTR) 0.8 hours (excluding preparation time)
Down time 5 minutes per year
System reboot time < 10 minutes
Board swapping time < 1 second
Interface protection switching time < 50 ms in the APS mode
< 1 s in other modes

8.2 Physical Specifications
This section includes:
Power Supply and Consumption Specifications
Mechanical Specifications
Safety Specifications
EMC
8.2.1 Power Supply and Consumption Specifications
Because of the multiple types of the access frames, the power supply usually adopts
mains supply. The power consumption varies with the capacity, depending on the
actual conditions. Only the power consumption of the SSM is given here.
The power supply and consumption specifications of the SSM are shown in Table 8-5.
Table 8-5 Power supply and consumption (SSM frames)
Item Index
Rated input
voltage
DC: 48 V/60 V
Input voltage
range
48 V: 40 V to 57 V
60 V: 51 V to 69 V
Input mode Two power inputs or one power input
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Item Index
Maximum
input currents
SSM-256/SSM-32:
Two 48 V/60 V backup power inputs (hot backup): 150 A per
input
Power
consumption
SSM-32/SSM-256: 1100 W at most (greatly less than this value
when no resource board is available)

8.2.2 Mechanical Specifications
The mechanical specifications of the UMG8900 are shown in Table 8-6.
Table 8-6 Mechanical specifications
Item Index
Cabinet size (height x
width x depth)
N68-22: 2200 mm x 600 mm x 800 mm
Frame size (height x
width x depth)
532.6 mm (height: 12U) 482.6 mm (width: 19 inches,
including mount angle) 500.0 mm (depth: the distance
from the front surface of rack-mounting ear to the back
surface of a frame)
Cabinet weight Empty cabinet: 95 kg (including a power distribution
frame and other spare parts rather than service frames)
Three-frame full configuration: 370 kg (excluding doors)
Frame weight Empty frame: about 17.5 kg
Full configured frame: 80 kg
Bearing capacity > 600 kg/m
2

Cabinet noise < 60 dB (normal temperature)

8.2.3 Safety Specifications
It conforms to the standards of IEC60950, EN60950, UL60950 and AS/NZS60950.
8.2.4 EMC
It conforms to the requirements of the ETSI EN 300 386, FCC PART 15, CISPR22 and
IEC6000-4-X.
8.3 Environmental Specifications
Environmental specifications involve Running Conditions, Storage Conditions and
Transportation Conditions.
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The UMG8900 complies with the following environment specifications:
ETS 300019 Equipment Engineering (EE); Environmental conditions and
environmental tests for telecommunications equipment
IEC 60721 Classification of environmental conditions
8.3.1 Running Conditions
I. Climatic Conditions
Climatic conditions involve temperature, humidity, air pressure and altitude, as shown
in Table 8-7.
Table 8-7 Climatic conditions
Item Measurement unit Index
Long-term
running
C 0 to +45
Short-term
running
C 5 to +55 Temperature
Temperature
change degree
C/min < 0.55
Long-term
running
%RH 5 to 85
Humidity
Short-term
running
%RH 5 to 95
Altitude m 4000
Wind speed m/s 5.0
Sun radiation W/m
2
700
Heat radiation W/m
2
600
IP level None IP22
Note:
Before measuring temperature or humidity, make sure the device has no protection
cards around, and the measure tools are 2 m beyond the floor and 0.4 m from the
front rack of the device.

Note:
Short term refers to the continuous work time of no more than 96 hours at a time or 15
days accumulated in a year.

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II. Biological Conditions
No such microbe as fungi and mildew or no rodent animals such as mouse exist.
III. Air Cleanness
No explosive, conductive, magnetizable or corrosive dusts exist.
The density of mechanical active substances shall comply with the specifications
of Table 8-8.
Table 8-8 Density of mechanical active substances
Item Unit Index
Suspended dust mg/m 1.5
Deposited dust mg/mh 0.2
Sand granule mg/m 30
Note:
Suspended dust: diameter 75 m
Deposited dust : 75 m diameter 150 m
Sand granule: 150 m diameter 1000 m

Density of chemical active substances shall comply with the specifications of Table
8-9.
Table 8-9 Density of chemical active substances
Item Unit Index
SO
2
mg/m 1.50
H
2
S mg/m 0.03
HCl mg/m3 0.5
NH
3
mg/m 0.15
Cl
2
mg/m 0.30
O
3
mg/m
3
0.1
HF mg/m
3
0.03
NO
x
mg/m
3
1.0

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IV. Mechanical Stress
Mechanical stress must comply with Table 8-10.
Table 8-10 Mechanical stress
Item Sub-item Range
Frequency 5 Hz to 9 Hz 9 Hz to 200 Hz
Amplitude 3.5 mm None
Peak acceleration 1 g
Direction Three axial directions, six planes
Sinusoidal
oscillation
Times
Plus or minus three times in each axial
direction, once in each plane
Percussion waveform Semisinusoidal wave
Peak acceleration 5 g
Pulse width 11 ms
Direction Three axial directions, six planes
Percussion
Times
Plus and minus three times in each axial
direction, once in each plane
Note:
1 g equals to 9.8 m/s.

8.3.2 Storage Conditions
The storage conditions include climatic conditions and waterproof conditions.
I. Climatic Conditions
The climatic conditions for storage are shown in Table 8-11.
Table 8-11 Climatic conditions
Item Requirement
Altitude 5000 m
Temperature 40C to +70C
Temperature change degree 1C/min
Relative humidity 10% to 100%
Sun radiation 1120 W/s
Heat radiation 600 W/s
Wind speed 30 m/s

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U-SYS UMG8900 Universal Media Gateway Chapter 8 Technical Specifications

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II. Waterproof Conditions
Generally speaking, the UMG8900 shall be stored indoor where no water gathers on
the ground or drops on the packing box. Therefore the device shall be placed away
from the fire protection and heating establishments that may leak water.
If it is really necessary to locate it outdoor, the following requirements must be met:
The packing box is intact.
Some measures are taken to prevent rain from through the packing box.
The packing box is placed where no water is available.
The packing box is placed where no direct sunshine is available.
III. Biological Conditions
No such microbe as fungi and mildew or no rodent animals such as mouse exist.
IV. Air Cleanness
No explosive, conductive, magnetizable or corrosive dusts exist.
The density of mechanical active substances shall comply with the specifications
of Table 8-12.
Table 8-12 Density of mechanical active substances
Item Unit Index
Suspended dust mg/m 5.00
Deposited dust mg/mh 20.0
Sand granule mg/m 300
Note:
Suspended dust: diameter 75 m
Deposited dust: 75 m ammeter 150 m
Sand granule: 150 m ammeter 1000 m

The density of chemical active substances shall comply with the specifications of
Table 8-13.
Table 8-13 Density of chemical active substances
Item Unit Index
SO
2
mg/m 0.30
H
2
S mg/m 0.10
NO
2
mg/m 0.50
NH
3
mg/m 1.00
Cl
2
mg/m 0.10
Technical Manual - System Description
U-SYS UMG8900 Universal Media Gateway Chapter 8 Technical Specifications

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8-9
Item Unit Index
HCl mg/m 0.10
HF mg/m 0.01
O
3
mg/m 0.05

V. Mechanical Stress
Mechanical stress for storing the device must comply with Table 8-14.
Table 8-14 Mechanical stress
Item Sub-item Range
5 Hz 10 Hz ASD: 13 m
2
/s
3

10 Hz 200 Hz ASD: 3 m
2
/s
3

Vertical
200 Hz 500
Hz
ASD: 1 m
2
/s
3

5 Hz 10 Hz ASD: 10 m
2
/s
3

10 Hz 200 Hz ASD: 1 m
2
/s
3

Random
oscillation
(for duration of 30
minutes in each
axial direction) Landscape
orientation and
longitudinal
200 Hz 500
Hz
ASD: 0.3 m
2
/s
3

Percussion
waveform
Semisinusoidal wave
Peak
acceleration
30 g
Pulse width 6 ms
Direction Three axial directions, six planes
percussion
Times
Plus and minus three times in each axial
direction, once in each plane
Collision
waveform
Semisinusoidal wave
Peak
acceleration
25 g
Pulse width 11 ms
Direction Six directions
Collision
Times 500 times in each direction
Technical Manual - System Description
U-SYS UMG8900 Universal Media Gateway Chapter 8 Technical Specifications

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Item Sub-item Range
Weight range 15 kg
Fall height 100 cm
Plane Six planes
Free Fall
Times Once in each plane
Note:
ASD: Acceleration spectrum density

8.3.3 Transportation Conditions
I. Climatic Conditions
The climatic conditions for transporting the device is described in Table 8-15.
Table 8-15 Climatic condition
Item Requirement
Altitude 5000 m
Temperature 40C to +70C
Temperature change degree 1C/min
Relative humidity 5% to 100%
Sun radiation 1120 W/s
Heat radiation 600 W/s
Wind speed 20 m/s

II. Waterproof Conditions
During device transport, the following requirements must be met:
The packing box is intact.
Some measures are taken to prevent rain from into the packing box.
No water exists in the transport vehicle.
III. Biological Conditions
No such microbe as fungi and mildew or no rodent animals such as mouse exist.
IV. Air Cleanness
No explosive, conductive, magnetizable or corrosive dusts exist.
The density of mechanical active substances shall comply with the specifications
of Table 8-16.
Technical Manual - System Description
U-SYS UMG8900 Universal Media Gateway Chapter 8 Technical Specifications

Huawei Technologies Proprietary
8-11
Table 8-16 Density of mechanical active substances
Item Unit Index
Suspended dust mg/m None
Deposited dust mg/mh 3.0
Sand granule mg/m 100
Note:
Suspended dust: diameter 75 m
Deposited dust: 75 m diameter 150 m
Sand granule: 150 m diameter 1000 m

The density of chemical active substances shall comply with the specifications of
Table 8-17.
Table 8-17 Density of chemical active substances
Item Unit Index
SO
2
mg/m 0.30
H
2
S mg/m 0.10
NO
2
mg/m 0.50
NH
3
mg/m 1.00
Cl
2
mg/m 0.10
HCl mg/m 0.10
HF mg/m 0.01
O
3
mg/m 0.05

V. Mechanical Stress
The mechanical stress of transportation conditions is the same as that of the storage
conditions.