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IGCSE Biology Concepts Revision Chapter 1 to 8

Chapter number: 1 & 2: Classification & Cells


Answer the following Questions:
Q1) Define the following:
1) Excretion:
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2) Growth:
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3) Movement:
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4) Nutrition:
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5) Reproduction:
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6) Respiration:
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8) Sensitivity:
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9) Organelle:
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10) Tissue:
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11) Organ:
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12) Organ System:
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Q2) Write down two characteristics of the following:
a) Fishes:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
b) Amphibians:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
c) Reptiles:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
d) Birds:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
e) Mammals:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
f) Arthropods:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]

g) Insects:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
h) Crustaceans:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
g) Arachnids:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
h) Myriapods:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
i) Annelids:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
j) Nematodes:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
k) Molluscs:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
l) Flowering plants:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
m) Bacteria:
1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
n) Fungi:

1)__________________________________________________________________________________
2)________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q3) Write three differences between animal and plant cells:
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Chapter number: 3 & 4: Movements in and out of the cells & The Chemicals of Life
Answer the following Questions:
Q1) Define the following:
1) Diffusion:
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_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
2) Osmosis:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
3) Active Transport:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q2) What is meant by turgid cell?
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_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q3) Name the part of the plant cell which is:
a) fully permeable: _________________________________________________________________[1]
b) partially permeable: ______________________________________________________________[1]
Q4) List three examples of diffusion in living organism:
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[3]
Q5) What happens to an animal cell in pure water:

___________________________________________________________________________________

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Q6) Explain why diffusion happens faster when the temperature.

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Q7) State three functions of proteins in living organisms.
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Q8) Give one example and use of a protein.
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Q9) Complete the following table:
Carbohydrates
Elements they contain
Solubility in water
Smaller molecules of
which they are made

Fats

Proteins

Chapter number: 5 : Enzymes


Answer the following Questions:
Q1) Define the following:
1) Catalyst:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
2) Enzymes:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q2) What are the catalyst inside a living organism called?
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]

Q3) Which kind of reactions inside a living organism are controlled by enzymes?
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q4) Give one example of a carbohydrase.
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q5) Why are enzymes damaged at high temperature?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[3]
Q6) Name the substance for each of the following:
a) Pectinase: ________________________________________________________________________
b) Isomerase: _______________________________________________________________________
c) Amylase: _________________________________________________________________________
Q7) Explain the following:
a) Substrate:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
b) Product:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
c) Active site:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
d) Denature:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q8) a) Name the organism that is used to make the antibiotic penicillin.
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
b) What is an antibiotic?
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q9) Complete the following the table:

Type of
Carbohydrate

Example

monosaccharide

Glucose

Role in living organism

polysaccharide

The form in which plants store energy


Cellulose
Glycogen

Q10) Table 10.1 lists some of the food materials that need to be digested, the enzymes that
carry out the digestion and the end products.
Complete Table 10.1.
Table 10.1
food material

digestive enzyme

end products of digestion

starch

__________________

simple sugars

__________________

__________________

amino acids

fat

lipase

__________________
__________________
[5]

Chapter number: 6 & 7 : Animal and Plant Nutrition


Answer the following Questions:
Q1) Define the following:
1) Nutrition:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
2) Photosynthesis:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
3) Limiting Factor:

___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
4) Digestion:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
5) Ingestion:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
6) Egestion:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
7) Assimilation:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q2) a) What are the nutrients of a balance diet?
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[3]
b) Which of these are:
i) organic:
________________________________________________________________________
ii) inorganic: _____________________________________________________________________[2]
c) Which of this can provide energy?
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
d) What is the role of fiber?
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q3) What is coronary heart disease?
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q4) Give three examples of deficiency disease?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________[3]
Q5) Name the five limiting factors of photosynthesis of a plant.
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Q6) Describe how the followings are done.
a) test for starch:
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_________________________________________________________________________________[5]
b) chlorophyll is need for a plant:
___________________________________________________________________________________
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c) carbon dioxide is need for a plant:
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_________________________________________________________________________________[5]

d) light is need for a plant:


___________________________________________________________________________________
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e) oxygen is produced in photosynthesis:
___________________________________________________________________________________
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Chapter number: 8: Transport
Answer the following Questions:
Q1) Define the following:
1) Transpiration:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
2) Translocation:
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q2) What is double circulation?
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q3) Which side of the heart contain oxygenated blood?
_________________________________________________________________________________[1]
Q4) What kind of muscle is found in the heart?
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]

Q5) What is the function of coronary arteries?


___________________________________________________________________________________
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Q6) What is pace maker?
___________________________________________________________________________________
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Q7) List two functions of capillaries?
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Q9) What is hemoglobin?
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Q10) Where are red blood cells made?
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
Q11) Name the five components of plasma?
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_________________________________________________________________________________[5]
Q12) a) What is tissue fluid?
___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
b) Give is two functions?
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Q13) By what process does water and minerals enters the root hair?
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Q14) What is the function of the root cap?


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Q15) What are the differences between the following:
a) blood and lymph:
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_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
b) diastole and systole:
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_________________________________________________________________________________[2]
c) artery and vein:
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d) deoxygenated blood and oxygenated blood
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e) atrium and ventricle:
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f) heptatic vein and heptatic portal vein
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g) red blood cells and white blood cells:
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h) xylem and phloem:
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i) diffusion and active transport:


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Q14) Explain how water is absorbed by plants roots.
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