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INPTINPT--LAPLACELAPLACE InvolvementInvolvement inin MOETMOET projectproject

INPTINPT--LAPLACELAPLACE InvolvementInvolvement inin MOETMOET projectproject

InvolvementInvolvement inin MOETMOET projectproject Contact: Xavier Roboam

Contact: Xavier Roboam (xavier.roboam@laplace.univ-tlse.fr) Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d’Energie (LAPLACE) Unité mixte de Recherche 5213 INPT / UPS / CNRS BP 7122 - 2 rue Camichel - 31071 TOULOUSE Cedex 7 - France

Other MOET* partners involved

UPNA
UPNA

* MOET is a European Project co-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme

the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme WP 3.22: Power conversion The meshed network: a
WP 3.22: Power conversion The meshed network: a whole HVDC dedicated test bench New concepts
WP 3.22: Power conversion
The meshed network: a whole HVDC
dedicated test bench
New concepts for power management
DirectDirect CurrentCurrent PowerPower FlowFlow ControllerController
MAPFC:MAPFC: MixedMixed functionfunction forfor ActuationActuation &&
PowerPower FlowFlow ControlControl
CôtéCôté GaucheGauche
CôtéCôté DroitDroit
DCPFC
CôtéCôté GaucheGauche
CôtéCôté DroitDroit
Inside a DCPFC
GeneratorGenerator
GG
GG
GG
GG
T T
11
T T 33
PORPOR
TT G1G1
TT G2G2
TT G3G3
TT DD11
TT D2D2
TT D3D3
LLLL
MAPFC test
TT 2 2
TT 4 4
bench
HVDC HVDC G G
HVDC D
HVDC D
T
TT G5
G5
T G6G6
HVDC G
TT G4
G4
TT D4
D4
TT D5
D5
T T D6D6
HVDC G
HVDC D
HVDC D
Charge Charge
Charge Charge
HVDC 1
HVDC 2
Charge Charge
Two independent functions:
Charge Charge
GG
DD
GG
DD
UPNA
Actuator
Power flow controller
Network management
interface
CaseCase 1:bidirectional1:bidirectional
“Flux – current” relations in the Park frame
controlledcontrolled powerpower
3
CôtéCôté GaucheGauche
transfertransfer
CôtéCôté DroitDroit
2 sp
L
L
s
0 0
i d
G
G
GG
d
aimant
0 3
L
L
0
i
0
q
h
sp
s
.
q
2
0
0 L
0
i h
DCPFCDCPFC
s
HVDC 3
HVDCHVDC GG
HVDCHVDC DD
CaseCase 2:2: HVDCHVDC voltagevoltage
(d,q) axis : Actuation function
Charge Charge
Charge Charge
CôtéCôté GaucheGauche
regulationregulation
CôtéCôté DroitDroit
GG
DD
G G
GG
(h) axis: Power flow control function
25
Need to control power flows
TT
TT
11
11
DCPFCDCPFC
3 Electrical power centers including
power transfer equipments
20
HVDCHVDC GG
HVDCHVDC DD
15
GaucheGauche
Actuation function only
10
The LAPLACE laboratory test capabilities now
allows HVDC equipment connexion and
validation.
The dSpace-based supervision and
management platform permits an easy
evolution regarding HVDC equipments.
The complete generation and distribution
chain includes 3 generators (one based on
400-800Hz AC generator) and multiple
programmable loads. Possibilities also exist in
reconfiguration at network level.
5
Charge Charge
Charge Charge
GG
DD
TimeTime
TimeTime
20
0
ImoyImoyenen == 00 AA
15
-5
-10
10
40
-15
DroiteDroite
5
-20
35
0
-25
30
2.78
2.8
2.82
2.84
2.86
2.88
2.9
-5
TempsTemps (s)(s)
EssaiEssaiEssaiEssai expérimentalexpérimentalexpérimentalexpérimental
25
-1 0
-1 5
20
-2 0
15
0 0. 01
0 .0 2
0. 03
0 .0 4
0 .0 5
TempsTemps (s)(s)
50
EEEEsssaisssaisasaii expérimentalexpérimentalexpérimentalexpérimental
T
10
T T T
11 11
45
5
40
Gauche
Gauche
20
20
Imoyen = - - 5 A
5 A
35
0 0
0.05
0. 1
0.15
0.2
15
Imoyen =
15
30
TempsTemps (s)(s)
EssaiEssaiEssaiEssai expérimeexpérimeeexpxp éérimenrimenntalntaltaltal
10
10
25
5
5
20
0
0
15
DroiteDroi te
-5
-5
10
-1 0
-1 0
ImoyenImoyen == 55 AA
5
-1 5
-1 5
0
2.78 2.8
2.82
2.84
2.86
2.88
2.9
-2 0
-2 0
0 0. 01
0 .0 2
0. 03
0 .0 4
0 .0 5
0 0 .0 1
0. 02
0 .0 3
0. 04
0 .0 5
TempsTemps (s)(s)
EssaiEssaiEssaiEssai expérimentalexpérimentalexpérimentalexpérimental
TempsTemps (s)(s)
TempsTemps (s)(s)
EssaiEssaiEssaiEssai expérimentaexpérimentaexpérimentalexpérimentalll
EssaiEssaiEEssaissai expérimentalexpérimentalexpérimentalexpérimental
New power management concepts
Leading towards new architectures
Automatic design of energy management equations
by mean of Graphs
NewNew architecturearchitecture ::
Left side
Right side
theory : seeking
efficiency)
maximal flow ( = power) with minimum cost (energy
The idea to use MAPFC
WholeWholeWholeWhole generationgenerationgenerationgeneration
1111
1
2
3
concept on ECS machines
helps in finding a “HVDC
power no-Break” archit-
The generic description of the
ecture.
LeftLeftLeftLeft EPCEPCEPCEPC
RightRightRightRight EPCEPCEPCEPC
(1) = P gen
G
network in graph theory language
Each
machine can use the
4
3333 (2) = P gen
D
2222
allows a complete description of
homopolar current to
A
DCPFCDCPFCDCPFCDCPFC 1111
(3) = P gen
(4) = P DCPFC 1
(5) = P DCPFC 2
(6) = P DCPFC 3
power transfer s in the network.
As a result, the use of graph theory
(7) = P load 1
algorithms also helps in managing
6
(8) = P load 2
5
power references through power
4444
(9) = P load 3
RearRearRearRear EPCEPCEPCEPC
flow controllers (DCPFC, MAPFC).
regulate a HVDC bus bar
during reconfiguration.
Without this configuration,
the important load
consumption will lead to an
important voltage drop.
7
9
8
TestTest case:case:
WholeWholeWholeWhole consumptionconsumptionconsumptionconsumption
5555
600
DCPFCDCPFCDCPFCDCPFC 2222
500
Design rules (state of contactors) based on an expert system approach
This test shows what happened during a
AvecAvec lala fonctionfonction
«« NoNo--BreakBreak »»
In order to avoid problems during contactor
logic writing, a novel approach based on
expert rules definition is implemented in the
supervision system.
With only a simplified set of rules, the
supervision system is allowed to configure
the network contactors in order to optimize
electrical distribution.
InferenceInference engineengine
reconfiguration. Without bus control through a
MAPFC (red curve), the bus bar is not able to
maintain the voltage on the bus bar even with a
400
300
InitialInitial
factsfacts
FactsFacts
NewNew factsfacts
low power load (8 kW). Contrarily, controlling the
200
Load : 8 kW
SansSans lala fonctionfonction
DC bus bar from a MAPFC in case of
«« NoNo--BreakBreak »»
DomainDomain
100
NewNew rulesrules
rulesrules
RulesRules
reconfiguration allows to maintain this voltage
(blue curve)
0
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
TempsTemps (s)(s)
Essai Essai expérimental expérimental
InferenceInference rulesrules
The bus capacitor in this case is 4,7mF.
DCPFCDCPFCDCPFCDCPFC 3333
(A)Courants
Courants fournis
fournis par
par les
les générateurs
générateurs (A)
Courants sortants
DCPFC (A)Courants (A)
sortants du
du DCPFC
(A)Courant
Courant fourni
fourni par
par le
le DCPFC
DCPFC pendant
pendant la la perte
perte (A)
PP l load
PP l load
oad
oad
Courant circulant
phase 1 1 (A)Courant (A)
circulant dans
dans la
la phase
Tensions du
(V)Tensions
du bus
bus en
en défaut
défaut (V)
Courant
(A)Cou
rant circulant
circulant dans
dans la
la phase
phase 1 1 (A)
Courant
Courant circulant
circulant dans
dans la
la phase
phase 1 1 (A)
(A)
WP 7.24: Quality & Stability studies Model building principle Multiple MCUs interaction study StudiedStudied
WP 7.24: Quality & Stability studies
Model building principle
Multiple MCUs interaction study
StudiedStudied systems:systems: HVDCHVDC NetworksNetworks
Focus on HVDC Networks with one or several loads.
FilterFilter 33
LoadLoad 33
RectifierRectifier
AutomaticAutomatic buildingbuilding ofof networknetwork
modelsmodels :: an automated method based
on a Maple package is suggested. It
is a very fast and convenient solution
allowing the model set upin several
steps:
A network associating two loads is considered.
CaseCase 1:1: StableStable loadload additionaddition
Load n°2 filter is sized separately following its
stability abacus.
1: It is sized
stable with goods
stability margins
CC busbus
2: It is sized
FilterFilter 22
LoadLoad 22
GeneratorGenerator
around its stability
limit
In this case, found
stability limits are
roughly unchanged,
even if more than
one load are
added on the bus.
Stability brought by
those stable loads
FilterFilter 11
LoadLoad 11
In both cases, Load
DCDC busbus
n°1 filter stability is
slightly increases
the stable domain.
DCDC BusBus
studied when the two
LoadLoad model:model: EquivalentEquivalent admittanceadmittance
loads are connected.
CaseCase 2:2: AdditionAddition ofof aa loadload sizedsized aroundaround itsits stabilitystability limitlimit
Drives
are
expressed
as
equivalent
admittances,
Using intermediate subsystems…
which
give
their
frequency
behaviors
around
an
FilterFilter
LoadLoad == DriveDrive
operating point.
InverterInverter
LoadLoad == DriveDrive
PMSMPMSM
InverterInverter
PMSMPMSM
Y drive expression thus
obtained can be introduced
on the whole system model.
… models of complex architectures
can be automatically set up.
In this case, the more load n°2 filter is sized “unstable”, the smaller the stability domain.
This result well
illustrates the possible
interactions between
loads connected on the
same bus, and the
relevance of these
methodologies.
Stability criterion: Routh-Hurwitz
Optimization algorithms: an introduction
From the transfer function denominator of the whole
system model, stability studies are performed using
the Routh-Hurwitz criterion. It allows to:
QualityQuality criteria:criteria: filteringfiltering andand dampingdamping factorfactor
OptimisationOptimisation algorithms:algorithms:
Stability condition remains insufficient to give a
complete parameters
know the state of a sized system (stable or unstable)
give conditions on system parameters leading to
sizing (stable domain).
state design (e.g. building stability abaci)
suggest conditions on specification parameters
(i.e. bandwidth, damping factor…) in order to ensure
Quality criteria are thus
introduced to complete
this sizing:
They are introduced in order to increase
the number of handled parameters.
Moreover, they allow to minimize the
energy storage in inductive and capacitive
components through
the convergence
criterion.
whole system stability
filtering condition
damping factor
Stability abaci help the
designer in parameters
sizing.
They also allow to study
network behaviour
Stability and quality criteria are
translated into constraints. Two
kinds of algorithms are used:
(e.g. interaction between
loads according to their
states - wire lengths,
equipments number and
powers effects on system
stability…)
An algorithm based on
gradient convergence;
An crowding based genetic
algorithm (RTS).