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ANTARCTIC REGION

30 30
0 Port Elizabeth SOUTH 30
Year-round research station AFRICA

Scale 1:68,000,000 South Atlantic


Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection
0 500 1000 Kilometers
Ocean
Anta 40
rctic
0 500 1000 Miles Con
verg
Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have enc
made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia
e
and the United States have reserved the right to do so)
Bouvet Island
and they do not recognize the claims of the other (NORWAY) PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS
nations.
50 (SOUTH AFRICA)
South Georgia and the
South Sandwich Islands BRITISH
(administered by U.K., CLAIM
claimed by ARGENTINA)
ÎLES
Southern CROZET

ARGENTINE
Ocean NORWEGIAN CLAIM
60
undefined limit
Falkland Islands CLAIM

60
(Islas Malvinas)
(administered by U.K., Scotia Sea Orcadas SANAE IV French Southern
claimed by ARGENTINA) (ARGENTINA) Neumayer (SOUTH Novolazarevskaya and Antarctic Lands
SOUTH ORKNEY (GERMANY) AFRICA) (RUSSIA)
ISLANDS (FRANCE)
Maitri
SOUTH (INDIA) 70 Syowa (JAPAN)
SHETLAND area of Molodezhnaya
ARGENTINA enlargement Queen Maud Land ÎLES
Ushuaia ISLANDS (RUSSIA)
Enderby KERGUELEN
Drake Halley (U.K.) Land
Passage Weddell Sea Belgrano II
(ARGENTINA) Mawson Heard Island and
CHILE Mac. Robertson
80
(AUSTRALIA) McDonald Islands
Land
Palmer (AUSTRALIA)
Land Ronne
Ice Shelf Amery Ice Shelf
Zhong Shan(CHINA)
CHILEAN Progress (RUSSIA) Davis(AUSTRALIA)
CLAIM Bellingshausen
Sea Ellsworth
Amundsen-Scott
Indian
Vinson Massif
90 W (U.S.) 90 E
Peter I Island
(highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m)
South Pole Mirnyy
Land 2800 m. Vostok (RUSSIA) Ocean
(RUSSIA)
Bentley Subglacial Trench d
(lowest point in Antarctica, -2540 m)
Shackleton
Lan

M
Marie Byrd Concordia Ice Shelf

CLAI
South Land
(FRANCE AND
ITALY)
Ross
Pacific
es

Amundsen Ice Shelf Casey


ilk

Sea 80
Ocean
N
(AUSTRALIA)
McMurdo LIA
W

Scott (U.S.)
RA

(N.Z.)
Ross Sea
ST
AU

average minimum
extent of sea ice Victoria Land

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Poland,


Dumont d'Urville
64

Russia, South Korea, Uruguay each have 70 (FRANCE)


a station on King George Island. Ant Scott
arcti
c
Island
Esperanza Circle BALLENY
12
0
(ARGENTINA) ISLANDS FRENCH
e
nc

60 Marambio Southern CLAIM ge


AN er
66

Arturo Prat (ARGENTINA) I nv


Bernardo NE Ocean AL Co
(CHILE) O'Higgins 55 W STR I M cti
c
(CHILE)
ZEA
LA 60 AU CLA tar
ND C An
e

LAIM
rcl
Ci

Macquarie Island
62

c
cti

(AUSTRALIA)
tar

Campbell
South
An

Graham Island
(NEW ZEALAND) AUCKLAND ISLANDS
65 Palmer Land
(U.S.) 60
Pacific (NEW ZEALAND)
Tasmania
Vernadsky 50 Hobart
(UKRAINE) Ocean SNARES ISLANDS
Antarctic Larsen (NEW ZEALAND) Adelaide
Peninsula Ice Shelf Melbourne
30

NEW
30

CHATHAM ISLANDS ZEALAND South Island


Canberra
(NEW ZEALAND) Christchurch
70
Southern San Martin Wellington 40 AUSTRALIA
Ocean 15
0 Rothera
(ARGENTINA) 180 Sydney
(U.K.) North Island
803121AI (R02207) 3-05
64

68