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Indian Space Research Achievements in 2013
Major Achivements in Space Research in India in 2013
(1)Communication Satellites :
(a) GSAT-7 Satellite Placed in Geosynchronous Orbit and its Transponders Successfully
Switched on

Indias advanced multi-band communication satellite GSAT-7, launched from Kourou, French
Guiana in August 2013, and soon successfully placed in the Geosynchronous Orbit with an
altitude of about 36,000 km above Earths surface on 3
rd
September, 2013. Later on all the
11 communication transponders (operating in UHF, S, C and Ku-bands) of India`s advanced
multiband communication satellite GSAT-7 were successfully switched on and their
performance was found to be normal. GSAT-7 is positioned at its designated orbital slot of 74
deg East longitude in the geostationary orbit and In Orbit Testing (IOT) of the 11
transponders were in progress.
(b) GSAT-15 and GSAT 16 communication satellite and launch services
The Union Cabinet has given its approval in June 2013 to the proposal for the GSAT-15
communication satellite project along with procurement of launch services and insurance. The
total cost involved in the project is Rs.859.5 crore including launch services.
The building of the GSAT-15 is part of the Indian Research Organisations (ISRO`s) efforts
towards in-orbit spare capacity to meet contingency and to protect the
services of existing users. The satellite will provide required redundant capacity, will augment
capacity in the Ku band, and shall provide in-orbit redundant requirement of safety of life
operations benefitting civil aviation services in the country.

Nine operational INSAT/GSAT satellites are currently providing different frequency bands to
nearly 195 transponders. The GSAT-15 satellite will cover the entire
Indian mainland.

The Union Cabinet also gave approval on 28 June 2013 for the GSAT-16
communication satellite project along with procurement of launch services and insurance.
The total cost involved in the project is Rs.865.50 crore including launch services. The
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project will meet contingency requirements, protect services of existing users and will augment
and support existing telecommunication, television, VSAT and other satellite based services in
the country.
(2) Weather Satellites :
(a)Indias Advanced Weather Satellite INSAT-3D Successfully Launched

In July, 2013, Indias Weather Satellite INSAT-3D, carrying advanced weather monitoring
payloads, was launched successfully by Ariane-5 (VA214) launch
vehicle from Kourou, French Guiana. INSAT-3D was placed in an elliptical Geosynchronous
Transfer Orbit (GTO), very close to the intended one. The satellite will give a push to the
weather forcasting as well as help in facilitating disaster warning services.

(3) Navigation Satellites :
(a)ISRO Successfully Launched Indias First Navigation Satellite IRNSS-1A

On 2
nd
July, 2013, ISROs PSLV-C22 (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle), successfully launched
IRNSS-1A, the first satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), from
Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.
[This is the twenty third consecutively successful mission of PSLV. The XL configuration of
PSLV was used for the mission. Previously, the same configuration of the vehicle was used
thrice to launch Chandrayaan-1, GSAT-12 and RISAT-1 satellites]

(4) Moon and Mars Missions :
(a)Successful Launching of Mars Orbitor Mission
ISRO successfully launched its Mars Orbitor Mission on 5
th
November 2013 from
its Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. Click here for detailed article on Indias Mar Mission :
Indias Mars Orbiter Mission Mangalyaan

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(5) New Projects Approved :

(a)Space Missions Budget for 2012-13:
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has planned for 58 space missions to
be undertaken during 12th Five Year Plan, 2012-1. Accordingly GoI has
provisionally earmarked a budget of Rs. 39,750 crore in 12
th
Five Year Plan period for
Space Programme. For 2012-13, a sum of Rs. 5,615 crore was allocated.
(b)Realization of Second Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at Satish Dhawan Space
Centre, Sriharikota (SDSC-SHAR)

The Union Cabinet on 12 September 2013 approved for realization of Second
Vehicle Assembly Building at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota (SDSC-SHAR) at
an estimated cost of Rs. 363.95 crore with a foreign exchange component of Rs. 7 crore.
The Second Vehicle Assembly Building is to provide enhanced launch frequency of PSLV and GSLV
by facilitating parallel integration operations. It will also provide redundancy to existing Vehicle
Assembly Building (VAB) for integration of GSLV MK-III and also as a prime integration facility for
third launch pad and future general launch vehicles.
(c ) ISRO Navigation Centre near Bengaluru The ISRO Navigation Centre (INC) , established
at Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) complex at Byalalu (about 40 km from Bangalore), was
inaugurated in May 2013. INC is an important element of the Indian Regional Navigation
Satellite System (IRNSS), an independent navigation satellite system being developed by India.
(6) Miscellaneous Space Research Programmes News in India :
(a) India first to put Smartphone in space India on February 26 successfully launched the worlds first
Smartphone loaded with a number of experimental Apps, some serious and some just for fun into the orbit.
(b) India launches PSLV V C20 with seven Satellites successfully On 25
th
February, 2013, in a
multiple launch mission, a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C20) put India-French satellite SARAL and
six others into their precise orbits after its successful launch from Sriharikota. This was ISROs
22
nd
consecutive successful PSLV mission At the end of 18 minutes, PSLVC-20s fourth stage rifled the
407-kg SARAL into orbit at a height of 785 km. The other satellites to go into orbit one after the other were
SAPPHIRE, NEOSSAT, AAUSAT, BRITE, UniBRITE and STRand, all from abroad.
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