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2 THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA




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BACKGROUND


Public governance is a shared responsibility. It is not only the
work of people in office but also a shared duty of all citizens -
young or old, rich or poor. Bringing the best out of our
community is everyones personal business.

The Oro Youth Development Council is a coalition of youth organizations and an
agenda-based body composed of representatives from 6 youth sectors. The sectors are the
in school youth, out of school youth, youth with special needs, faith based youth, youth
movements and Moro and IP youth. 17 youth councilors compose the governing body
with 3 representatives per sector with the exception of the Moro and IP youth, which
have two representatives. Each sector also has its own sectoral council composed of one

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secretary general and four organizational representatives. This is founded in the principle
of broader representation and inclusivity.

The OYDC also has 6 youth committees whose membership is open to all individuals or
organizations. These committees act as the operational overseer of the OYDCs services.
They are the Youth School Board (YSB), the Urban Sustainability and Environmental
Protection Committee (USEPC), the Youth Peace and Order Council (YPOC), the Youth
Health Board (YHB), the Youth Leadership Development Committee (YLDC) and the
Youth Employment Committee (YEC). The youth councilors, secretary-generals and
organizational representatives were elected during the Oro Youth Leaders Convergence
on March 22, 2014. This also served as the initiatory assembly, which gave birth to the
OYDC.

This convergence with the theme: Nagkahiusang kagayanong kabatan-onan alang sa
matinud-anon ug hapsay nga pangagamhanan is a product of a commitment among
youth groups to engage good governance not only on the streets and in the communities
but also to the very seat of local power itself.

This is in response against the pervasive culture of corruption from both public and
private sector and inspired by the general aspiration of concerned Kagayanons to put an
end to crippling corruption and years of mismanagement.

With the local elections looming, a coalition of concerned citizens crafted a peoples
agenda, which highlighted the importance of youth engagement in governance. This was
also one of the concerns surfaced in the survey conducted by the Research and Social
Outreach Cluster of Xavier University in preparation for its local governance
engagement. The coalition named Kagayanon for Good Governance committed to
organize a parallel peoples campaign to whoever would adopt such agenda. With 3
mayoral candidates, it was the Moreno team who enthusiastically and fittingly subscribed
to the agenda and the trans-partisan peoples campaign commenced. After a hard-fought
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campaign, the election of a new mayor after 15 years brought a sense of hope and
openness.

Proceeding from this new open space for civic engagement, a series of focused group
discussions were then conducted facilitated by the Kagayanon for Good Governance
Youth and the Kristohanong Katilingban sa Pagpakabana Social Involvement Office of
Xavier University to further hone a general youth agenda, which now included the
creation of a concrete and independent plan to engage the youth in governance regardless
of political color through a youth council.

This was then presented to mayor-elect Oscar Moreno last June 22, 2013 in Xavier
University during the Youth and Internally Displaced Persons Forum. The mayor
committed to the realization of the idea through the manifesto he signed together with the
different youth leaders of the city. The Kagayanon for Good Governance Youth also
reiterated this proposal during the City Hall strategic planning seminar in Marco Hotel
last October of 2013. After the strategic planning, the preparatory committee was then
created which was composed of the Community Improvement Division Oro Youth
Center, The City Social Welfare and Development Office, The Human Resource
Management Office, The National Youth Commission and the Kagayanon for Good
Governance Youth to organize the Oro Youth Leaders Convergence.

This convergence was designed to surface the aspirations of the local youth leaders and
their communities and elect the first set of officers of the Oro Youth Development
Council.

PURPOSE

Its primary purpose is to articulate a city youth development agenda, which shall serve as
the common denominator and rallying point of the different youth organizations. It is
then through the Oro Youth Council that the multitude of youth initiatives scattered

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around the city be streamlined and anchored in the said development agenda. It would
articulate success indicators that guide youth organizations in their effort. It also lays out
a collaboration strategy that brings private and public entities to work together in
common community and policy advocacies. It also outlines capacity building programs
that enable organizations to effectively engage government and capacitate their own
organization.

More importantly, the Oro Youth Development Council members also sit in the different
local committees such as the Local School Board among others where they can directly
collaborate with government in the implementation of the programs in line with the
agenda and stand to monitor and account such implementation.

In the long term, the youth council hopes to build a culture of political maturity among
the youth. A culture that is characterized by an empowered and politically educated youth
that discusses social issues on or off-line and implement creative solutions in their
spheres regularly; a youth that does not blame nor disengage but owns the process of
building our nation starting with our locality and our spheres of influences.
The health and quality of our public institutions is the primary enabler of inclusive
development. However, institutions decay when the citizenry is apathetic, cynical or
disengaged. So it is the realization of the Oro Youth Council that improving our public
institutions requires the active and critical participation of the citizens and the young in
particular. It is through this body, which we hope to contribute concretely to the cause of
good governance.

Change starts in us as the saying goes. But change should be translated to systems in
order to prosper and last. The youth of Cagayan de Oro, realizing its sake in the future
and the capacity and power it holds, commits to building a city and a system that could
help enable a more progressive, just, humane and equitable society and a government that
is more transparent, accountable and participatory in all of its affairs. We hope that the
Cagayan de Oro operational model becomes an inspiration to the whole nation that even
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in the absence of the Sangguniang Kabataan, we can still socially innovate in order to
harness youth energy towards engaged citizenship.

THE MISSION

As a coalition of organized youth from the different sectors namely the in school, out of
school, faith-based, youth with special needs, community-based movements and
Indigenous Peoples and Moro youth, the OYDC is committed in delivering a broader and
comprehensive view on youth concerns and advocate solutions in the grassroots level.

As a citizen-led initiative, the OYDC constructively and critically engages with the local
government unit and other agencies in fulfilling the local youth development agenda and
account and evaluate the performance of the different local agencies.

As an agenda-based movement, the OYDC serves as the body that articulates and
advocates the youth development agenda to the local government unit and other
government agencies.

As a youth-led coalition, the OYDC is committed in maximizing and harnessing the time,
energy and talent of the youth to creatively advocate and innovate solutions on youth
concerns.

As the official youth representative body of the city, the OYDC is committed in
competently and efficiently delivering and amplifying the voice of the youth to the local
government unit and other stakeholders of the city.

In sum, The Oro Youth Development Council seeks to empower the youth to become
engaged citizens for a progressive and equitable Cagayan de Oro City.



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1.
Access to Quality
Education and Skills
Development Towards
Employment


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Education is the great enabler and equalizer. It is central to the inclusive development
strategy of the Philippines and stands as the primary area of engagement of the Cagayan de Oro
Youth Development Council. Increasing access to quality education is vital in sustaining the
growth trajectory of the city as the hub and leader of the region. It is a task that requires the
committed participation of all sectors in the community especially its recipients the students.
Through the OYDC, the students or the In-school-youth sector made a clear commitment that
they do not only sit and passively reap the benefits of education but also become active partners
in building our educational institutions.

Cagayan de Oro city is home to one of the largest concentration of learning institutions in
the whole Island of Mindanao. As of SY 2008-2009, a total of 135 pre-schools, 139 elementary
schools, 75 secondary schools and 16 tertiary schools. From these schools, there are 288 pre-
school teachers, 2,505 elementary school teachers, 1,418 secondary school teachers and 1,988
college teachers[1]. This is a competitive-edge that the government and civil society should
constantly nurture and improve to maintain our leadership in the region.




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Last November 16, 2013, the City conducted the 1
st
Education Summit where Elena M.
Borcillo, CESO VI, presented the situation of primary and secondary education in Cagayan de
Oro City.

National Achievement Test Results

In elementary, the National Achievement Test (NAT) results both public and private
schools fluctuated from SY 2010-2011 SY 2012-2013 from the mean performance scores of
69.36 to 60.94. It increased in SY 2012-2013 to 64.77 but it was still below the education for all
target of at least 75%.

Elementary Secondary PASSING
2010-2011 69.36 47.40 75
2011-2012 60.94 46.39 75
2012-2013 64.77 49.07 75


These results showed that for every 10 questions in English, Science, and Mathematics,
the learners answered only 6 correctly.

In the Secondary School, the NAT of the secondary school decreased from 47.4, 46.39
from SY 2010-2011 to SY 2011-2012 respectively. It increased to 49.07 in SY 2012-2013.
However, these were still below the Education for ALL Target of at least 75%. Hence, it shows
us that only 5 questions out of 10 in English and science and only 4 questions out of 10 in
mathematics are answered correctly.

Public Elementary School

TOP 3 for 2012

Baluarte Elementary School 89.12
Tablon 88.60
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Palalan 86.11

BOTTOM 3 for 2012

Corrales 41.66
Gusa 46.01
East city Lapasan 46.84



Public High School

Top 3 for 2012

Gusa 72.01
Taglimao Besigan 69.76
Tablon NHS 65.33

Bottom 3 for 2012

Macabalan 38.39
Taglimao Tumpagon 39.56
Carmen 41.22

Drop out rate






Elementary Secondary
2011-2012 .23% -
2012-2013 .78% 4.06%

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For elementary, there was a noted increase of dorp-outs in the recent S.Y. This means that
out of 30,289 secondary students, 1,230 dropped out in SY 2012-2013. For secondary, this means
that out of 30,289 secondary students, 1,230 dropped out in S.Y 2012-2013.

Retention Rate

S.Y. Elementary Secondary
2010-2011 94.59% 89.45%
2011-2012 94.22% 89.00%
2012-2013 91.86% 90.00%

For elementary, this means that 8.14% or 5,368 out of 65,948 total population of the division
were not able to proceed to the next grade level. For secondary, this means that 9.54% or 2,215
out of 23,218 of the secondary students were not able to proceed to the next year level.

Cohort Survival Rate


S.Y. Elementary Secondary
2010-2011 83.43% 85.69%
2011-2012 83.43% 73.93%
2012-2013 78.14% 83.93%

For elementary, this means that out of 14,563 pupils in Grade 1, only 11,011 reached
grade 6 after 6 years of schooling. For secondary, it means that out of 8,317 students in 1
st
year,
6078 reached fourth year high school after 4 years of schooling.

Access or Participation Rate




S.Y. Elementary Secondary
2010-2011 88.56% 39.85%
2011-2012 92.20% 41.83%
2012-2013 81.37% 40.11
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For elementary, it means that out of 82,422 (based on NSO data) school aged children,
only 67,072 enrolled in school. For secondary schools, this means that out of 54,565 (based on
NSO data) secondary level school aged children only 21,886 were in school.

For the tertiary level, Cagayan de Oro enjoys the presence of competitive Universities
and colleges that regularly produces top-notchers in board exams such as nursing, criminology,
education among others. In part of the Local Government, they established the City College
Scholarship Program that gives 600 indigent but deserving students scholarships to different
colleges and universities in the city. It also is providing alternative education among with
different national agencies.

It cannot be doubted that the educational situation in our city is a reflection of the over-all
educational landscape of the nation. It is dire to see the dismal performance our city has been
showing in the NAT results especially in our secondary schools. Multidimensional factors should
be considered which cause these challenges. During the Education Summit, 5 intervention ideas
were surfaced. These are (1) Conduct parenting seminars (2) values formation (3) seminars on
birth control (4) teachers training (5) expansion of ALS/Mobile teachers.

YOUTH POLICY AGENDA


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During the Oro Youth Leaders Convergence conducted last March 22, 2014, the
following policy agenda were surfaced with regards to education:

1. Invest in multi-sectoral participation and youth private public partnerships in reducing
the drop out rate and increase the NAT results.

The youth leaders pointed out that vital to improving our quality of education is building long-
term partnership with the barangay, the parents, the principal/teachers, the students and civil
society in general. They highlighted the importance of the barangay in providing a safe and
school-friendly environment. This includes crime monitoring and environmental scanning
(canals, pests, dengue). The students also surfaced the importance of establishing evaluations and
feedback mechanisms in the implementation of programs of the school. The parents should also
be included in the decision making process and regularly inform them of the performance of their
child. In part of the student leaders, they pointed out that they should not just only focus on
organizing activities but should also be given a chance to articulate their own experience and
suggestions. They also pointed out the importance of being open to interventions and donations
from the private sectors but emphasizes that such interventions should be sustainable and include
them in the processes of owning it so that it would not be a total dole out.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short MOU with the NSTP, DepEd,
the School Board and the
College Student Government
on tutorial program

Budgetary support

Medium Invest In teachers skills
training
Ordinance on Drop-outs,
absenteeism and illiteracy as
DILG memorandum Circular
No 2014-26
Long Initiate coordination with
private academic institutions
to develop a uniform tutorial
Budgetary support

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program that will prepare
students for the NAT.


2. Invest on school infrastructure, cloud-based knowledge, and teachers development in
consonance with K-12

The youth leaders pointed out the lack of classrooms, books and resources to facilitate learning.
With this situation, they hope that the government continues their actions in building better
disaster resilient classrooms and invest in new learning materials. The public high schools should
have their own campuses. Based on DepEds minimum standard of pupil classroom ratio (PCR)
of 1:45, the shortage of classrooms for high school was registered at 151, while 397 for the
elementary or a shortage of 548 for both levels. The students also pointed out the lack of
computers and the lack of access to the Internet. They also highlighted the importance of
incentives for teachers to perform better. Aside from trainings, there should also be a reward system for
teachers to improve their performance, which must be evaluated and reviewed by a disinterested third person.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Reduce classroom shortage by
half incorporating disaster
resilient design

Exapnsion of text to teach
program of Ayala Foundation
to include other classrooms

Medium
Long
Close the classroom shortage
of the city




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3. Evaluate and integrate the different vocational courses offered by different agencies and
create venues for youth with special needs access to education

The out of school youth in particular raised the importance of having a streamed line access to
alternative education or vocational courses. The government should evaluate the teachers if they
are up to date and competent in teaching and constantly monitor job demands in the locality in
order to align course offerings. They also highlighted greater investments in the People with
Disabilities sector. The government should explore the idea of providing scholarship grants to
deserving PWDs.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Profiling of TESDA Courses.
Streamline all skills training
program of the CITY under
the ALS, CID and TESDA
and create a one stop skills
development area.

The beneficiaries must be
evaluated by the CSWD and a
member of out of school youth
association (PYAP).
Recommended by CSWD.
Belong to an Indigent family
and recognize by the Oro
Youth Council

Youth career and skills
development ordinances.
16-30 years old
80% passing rate
Fresh or old graduate.

Medium College Admission of PWD

City Ordinance of PWD
College Admission

Long Scholarship of PWD City Ordinance of PWD
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Scholarship


4. Expand the city college scholarship program and improve its screening and development
interventions

The city college scholarship program is one of the flagship programs of the city government. As
mandated by ordinance, the program provides scholarships to 600 indigent but deserving students
to study in different colleges and universities not only in the city but other parts of the region. The
beneficiaries pointed out the need to improve the screening process in selecting scholars and the
retention rules. It should be strict in terms of retention. It should include private independent
sectors in the selection committee to insulate it from being used as a political reward tool.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Inclusion of youth
representative in the
scholarship committee

Medium Stricter grade compliance and
return service
Expansion of scholarship
program to include PWDs
Long Creation of a community
college

Ordinance creating a
community college and
allocating funds thereof.

ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL
ACTION


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Adopt a school program

The different college student councils will adopt the bottom 4 schools in terms of NAT
performance. The program is a long year intervention program that aims to provide enrichment
classes in math, science, English. It also includes skills development seminars such as basic
computer graphics designing, leadership development, peace education and creative solution
designing. This also includes donating NAT reviewers and other learning materials to their
library.

NSTP-LTS Tutorials

In partnership with the NSTP LTS of their schools, the different college student councils shall
lobby their administration to intensify their investment in NSTP-LTS tutorials in the area of
Englsih, Math and Science. This will be a requirement for the college students and the
performance of their tutees should also be factored in in their NSTP grade.

Barangay Conferences on Schools Surroundings

In partnership with the schools student government, the OYDC would lobby to the barangay
council to conduct a conference call and scanning on the surroundings of schools. They should
monitor the business establishments and what they are selling. They should also scan street
lighting, traffic flow, drainage and other factors that affect the learning of the students.

Active Representation in the Local School Board

With the organized In-School-Youth Sector, the OYDC shall create a communication system that
allows the different student leaders to lobby their schools concerns to the local school board
through the Youth Representative of the board following basic administrative remedies.
City College Scholars Life Coaching

The Faith based sector youth, in response to dismal performance of some of the city scholars,
would intervene in a year long life coaching program that does not only talk about academics but
also about time management, character, leadership and values.
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2.
Sustainable Urban Living
and Youth Dimension in
Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management

Climate Change is no longer an abstraction. It has become personal and real to every
Kagayanon. Our horrific experience with Sendong has demonstrated how deadly lack of
preparation, knowledge and management is in the face of our mighty river and a changing
climate. Disaster risk reduction and management has been consistently surfaced by youth leaders
showing the growing consciousness on its primary significance in our daily life today. Rightly so,
studies show that the typhoon belt has now descended to Visayas from much-accustomed areas of
southern Luzon[1]. This means that Northern Mindanao should brace for typhoons as the new
normal.

In response, the government and private sector has invested huge resources not only in the
hardware reconstruction efforts of the city but as well as the re-education campaigns on disaster.
Though these permanent settlements have been constructed, many still complain that those sites
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continue to be unsafe[2]. Some do not have access to basic sustainable drinking water and
electricity.

After the Sendong experience, flooding and landslides, as mentioned by the youth leaders as an
effect of regular typhoons and heavy rains, have become an alarming regularity in several of their
Barangays. They have noted clogged drainages and lack of vegetation as contributors. The
leaders then traced the root causes of these as lack of implementation of the solid waste
management law in part of some barangays, rapid urbanization and cases of logging (legal or
illegal) in the uplands.

Realizing the immensity of the challenge, the youth leaders conceded that doing actions for our
environment entails a long and slow process of educating our peers about the social and public
value of proper waste management and environmental protection. They realized that as
government work to fulfillits mandate in enforcing the peoples right to a healthy ecology, the
organized youth should include in their advocacies a dimension on environmental stewardship.

YOUTH POLICY AGENDA

During the Oro Youth Leaders Convergence conducted last March 22, 2014, the
following policy agenda was surfaced with regards to the environment:

a. The city should increase green patches in the city center to encourage urban gardening and
greening.

The rapid urbanization of the city has led youth leaders to wonder if they will inherit concrete and
dust void of any reasonable amount of greeneries and fresh air. They raised the idea that the city
should increase greeneries in existing parks. They also raised that idle public lands owned by the
city or the barangays in the urban areas should be converted into temporary greeneries, mini parks
or community gardens to encourage people to plant.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

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EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Divisoria Greening Initiative None
Medium Creation of Urban greening
Plan
Ordinance requiring couples to
plant a tree as a condition for
issuance of marriage license
Long Adopting green belts within
the city area
Urban greening Ordinance


b. The city should increase youth-led action and youth participation in disaster risk reduction
and management and environmental protection.

The youth should not just be mere manpower when disaster strikes. They should be active players
in its preparation and response. Noting the increasing consciousness on disaster management, the
youth leaders raised the importance of their participation in making disaster plans and drills. They
mentioned that this is not just the business of the adults but more importantly, it is a training and
duty for the youths part. Flowing from this thought, the youth leaders urge the city to include
youth participation in all stages of disaster planning from the city to the barangay and organize
youth communities in the barangays that specialize in disaster management. They will be the one
to act as influencers for other youths to be prepared and conscious about disasters. These youth
communities should also take the lead in greening initiatives in the barangay level.


TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Incorporate youth in the
Disaster Risk and
Management Council and
barangay level training
Resolution calling for
barangay level training with
youth groups
Medium Improvement of warning
infrastructure and strict
implementation of building
rules and reguations

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Long Institutionalization of youth
presence in disaster training
and decision making process



c. The city should strictly implement the provisions of the Solid Waste Management Act and
empower barangays to manage their own waste

The youth leaders pointed out that it is not enough to simply collect garbage on time. The city
should invest in segregation, recycling and other modes of reducing solid waste such as waste-to-
energy facilities. Most importantly, they cited the vital role of the barangay as a player in
managing our solid waste. The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act or Republic Act 9003
orders all LGUs to decentralize garbage collection. The barangay, the smallest unit of
government, is put in charge of teaching residents to segregate, collecting their trash and
separating reusable trash from residual trash the kind of trash that no one will buy or have any
use for. The barangays should explore creative ways in improving garbage disposal and observe
barangays who are leading in this field such as barangay Macasandig. In part of the youth, the
barangay based youth organizations should also lead in advocating these methods.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Convene the Solid Waste
Management Council with
youth representative

Medium Closure of the open dump site
and opening of sanitary land
fill
Appropriate Ordinance
Long Biodegradable already
collected in the barangay level
Appropriate Ordinance
requiring major barangays to
collect their biodegradables


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ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL
ACTION

Urban Greening Advocacy

The different youth organizations especially the out-of-school youth sector would adopt at least 2
idle land in the Poblacion area to convert it into an urban forest. This acts as a symbolic statement
of the youths desire to strike a balance between urbanization and environmental protection. This
would be a yearlong endeavor where youth from various sectors will personally take care and
observe the progress of their garden. Seeing it grow rather than just having a one-day tree
planting activity brings greater personal value. It teaches the youth on the basic of gardening,
public good and stewardship.




Barangay Youth Advocacy on Solid Waste Management

The organized barangay-based youth organization will be trained in a one-day training of trainers
to advocate for solid waste management in the barangay levels. The training is designed to
educate the youth community leaders on the basic solid waste law, best practices, and community
advocacy work. This is in partnership with the Solid Waste Management Council. Leaders of the
various youth clusters and interns of the SPES Oro Youth will also be tapped as the leaders of
this community-based movement.

Citywide youth forum on disaster preparedness and management

This one-shot forum will highlight the different initiatives and methods of the city and private
sector on disaster preparedness. The youth disaster management communities will also be formed
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in this forum where they will be the core group which the barangay and the city disaster risk
reduction and management council will mobilize and include in the planning processes.

Eco-bag use advocacy

By virtue of City Ordinance 12440-2012, business establishments are required to pass to the
customers 1.00 for every use of cellophane. This is to encourage people to use eco-bags rather
than plastic. In this regard, the youth leaders would like to spread information about the law and
encourage the youth to use eco-bags rather than plastic.




3.
Awareness and
Accessibility to Basic
Health Care Services and
Youth Involvement

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towards a Healthy
Lifestyle


Access to health care services is a vital component in forming a productive generation. The
youths health is a paramount public issue that requires the attention of the not only the local
government unit but all stakeholders in the community, especially the family. The government
plays a key role in facilitating the enhancement of the supply-side of the equation, which means
greater infrastructure investments, incentives for medical practitioners, access to cheap medicine,
health insurance coverage and research and development. The community also should also act as
a facilitator for preventive care as well as awareness on leading a healthy lifestyle. Health also
touches on very controversial issues such as HIV AIDS and teenage pregnancy. These issues
are defining our generation thus it should be given priority by the government.

The Department of Health report on adolescent and youth health states that: Non-communicable
diseases account for more than 40% of the deaths in young people (10-24 years old) and injuries
are the causes of death in almost one third of people in this age group. Assault and transport
accidents are the leading causes of mortality among young people with a mortality rate of 9.7 and
5.8 deaths per 100,000 populations, respectively (Philippine Health Statistics, 2003). Other
significant causes of death among the 10-24 years old Filipinos include complications related to
pregnancy, labor and puerperium; epilepsy; chronic rheumatic heart disease; intentional self
harm; and accidental drowning and submersion (Philippine Health Statistics, 2003).Of the 1.67 M
live births registered in 2003, 35.7% (596, 076 LB) were by women 24 years old. Teenage
pregnancy accounted for 8% of all births (National Demographic Health Survey, 2003). Of the
1,798 maternal deaths registered for the same year, 22.3% were women 24 years old. The
proportion of malnutrition among those 11 19 years of age (underweight and overweight) were
noted to increase from 1993 to 2003 (FNRI Survey 1993, 1998 and 2003).About 4% of Filipinos
10 24 years of age have some form of disability. The most common of this are speaking and
hearing disabilities.
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With these insights, the Youth leaders surfaced the following policy agenda:

YOUTH POLICY AGENDA

1. The city should continue to invest in the empowerment of barangay health centers
and expand Phileath coverage especially to the marginalized youth

Health insurance is an empowerment tool. It allows the person to be free from the fear of getting
broke because of sickness. The LGU should continue to sponsor the health insurance to the
poorest of the poor. Hand in hand with the expansion of health insurance coverage is the
improvement of the health care facilities of the barangay. This is vital in enhancing access health
care services to the grassroots. The LGU should continue to upgrade the health centers and avail
of the maternal health package and other package programs of the DOH.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Increase Philhealth coverage
by 20%
Budgetary Support
Medium Continuous upgrading of JR
Borja Hospital and barangay
health centers in major and
far-flung barangays

Budgetary Support
Long


2. The city should continue to invest in child nutrition and strengthen and Monitor the
implementation of in-school hygiene programs


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The nutritional state of the child is a major determinant on his life trajectory. The LGU
coursed through the schools and health care centers should continue to invest in child
nutrition through regular checkups, feeding programs and vaccination among others. The
present partnership of private corporations and NGOs with government should be
brought to greater light so other organizations can follow. The Busog Lusog Talino
program of the Jollibee Group Foundation is an example of such and this should be
expanded to other schools specially the far-flung areas. Presently, the DepEd implements
school sponsored tooth brushing and hand washing programs in school. This is a vital
intervention since the main cause of absenteeism is toothache and fever, which are
preventable. The school should incorporate the students through their student government
in the decision-making process in the implementation of these programs and conduct
periodic reports.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Report to School Board on the
status of the hygiene programs
of the public schools

Medium Expand feeding programs of
day care centers and other
schools in partnership with
private sector

Long 3
rd
part monitoring on the
implementation of the hygine
programs



3. The city should adopt a comprehensive program aimed at reducing the presence of
street children and return them to productive life

The presence of abandoned kids and vagabonds in our streets is an indication of
something fundamentally wrong in how a society structures itself. In the youths end, it is
a reality that most has grown callous about it just the way things are. However as
2
8
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


28
sighted during the convergence, there are inspiring stories of hope where youth
organizations made a difference in the lives of street children. For these efforts to be
sustainable, it requires the government to provide resources augmented by policy. The
youth leaders call on the government to assess its present profiling system for the street
kids and build a child friendly center near the city center where these street kids can
freely visit and where youth volunteers can provide free tutorials and other fun activities.
We should get away from the mentality of forcing them away from the streets but rather
build infrastructure and create programs that invites them to enter and learn. Best
practices of other cities regarding this matter should also be explored.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Implementation of the Curfew
for Minors with 3
rd
party
monitoring
Support by the barangays

Medium Complete profiling of street
kids

Long Construction and of a home or
play are for street kids where
they can slowly be formed
back to productive life
Budgetary support


4. Intensify proper and age appropriate sex education to curve the growing cases of
HIV-AIDS and address increasing cases of teenage Pregnancy.

Teenage pregnancy is a defining issue in our generation. Incidence of teenage childbirth
has more than doubled over the past decade. That is, among girls aged 15 to 19, whereas
only 6.3% were already mothers in 2002, by 2012 around 13.6% were already mothers.
Second (and expectedly), premarital sex among the youth is also on the rise: In 2002,
only 23.2% of youth have engaged in premarital sex, but in 2013 this has increased to

29
32% (amounting to about 6.2 million youth). 1 Third, while both teenage males and
females have become more likely to engage in premarital sex, the gap between the sexes
has declined over the past decade. And fourth, a whopping 78% of first instances of
premarital sex were unprotected (not only against unwanted pregnancy but also sexually
transmitted diseases). Surprisingly, girls were more likely to not use any form of
protection during their first sexual encounters.

Health officials said Northern Mindanao is now a hot spot for Human Immunodeficiency
Virus-Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV-AIDS) after 30 new cases were
recorded in the first quarter of the year alone. Dr. Evelyn Magsayo, sexually transmitted
infection prevention control program officer for the Department of Health (DOH) in
Northern Mindanao, described the transmission of HIV in the region as fast and
furious. She illustrated how fast the disease was spreading by saying that in 2008, there
were just 45 cases of HIV recorded in the region. Twenty-four cases were recorded for
the whole year of 2009, which pushed the figure up at 69. But for the first quarter of this
year alone, 30 cases have already been recorded, she said.2

With these realities, the youth leaders understand that in their level, education is the
number one tool in curving this rising trend. Government should make it easier for youth
organizations that specialize in education campaigns to access resources such as
knowledge materials and make it easier for them to connect with barangay leaders and
grassroots youth organization.


TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Creation of HIV-AIDS multi-
sectoral taskforce

Medium Increase education campaign
for HIV-AIDS and proper


1 http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/ispeak/50002-teenage-pregnancies-cause-
and-effect
2 http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/602017/northern-mindanao-now-hiv-aids-hot-spot#ixzz32LTqdPnV
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THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


30
reproductive health education
by 20%

Long Creation Center for HIV-
AIDS Local Action Center



ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL
ACTION

Barangay Youth Health Conferences

The OYDC should create a data bank of contacts of barangay leaders and grassroots
youth organizations to connect the grassroots and the advocacy groups. Once this is
established, the OYDC with its partners shall pilot 10 barangays where these conferences
will be conducted. This conference includes talks on Philhealth, HIV and Teenage
Pregnancies. Participants are barangay youth leaders.

Youth Groups sponsored feeding programs

A mechanism that will connect Barangay based youth organizations and the local
government unit to provide sacks of rice for youth groups who are interested in
organizing a sustainable feeding program. This however should be aligned with the over
all city feeding program plan by the CSWD.


31
4.
Public Order and Youths
Role in Crime Prevention
and Peace Building


It is only having a sense of peace and security first where one can then think of developing
himself fully. Peace and security is a vital concern raised by the youth leaders during the Oro
Youth Leaders Convergence. Security as defined by the youth leaders is a community that has
low crime rates, no gang fights and no drug dealings. Security is also a picture of you stepping
out of your house without fear of getting hurt or getting violated. It is also where one can easily
get redress of a wrong committed.

The Oro youth leaders emphasized that peace and security is vital in the progress of the city and
defining issue for the youth. Victims of crime and doers of crime more often than not are within
the age of 15-30. The root cause of crime is complex and multi-dimensional but the youth would
like to focus in and subscribe to the theory that the physical environment holds a strong influence
in criminal behavior. The broken-windows theory is a criminological theory of the norm-setting
and signaling effect of urban disorder and vandalism on additional crime and anti-social behavior.
The theory states that maintaining and monitoring urban environments in a well-ordered
condition may stop further vandalism and escalation into more serious crime.

YOUTH POLICY AGENDA
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2
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


32
As such, the youth leaders outline the following policy agenda:

1. The city should expand its Hapsay Dalan operations to other points of convergence and
insure safety of parks and other public places. Hapsay Dalan, aside from regulating the flow of
traffic also creates a social value for the respect of the basic laws and nurturing a culture of
discipline. This, we hope, creates an environment of orderliness and discipline. It is also called
for that a component on safety in public places should be added. Hence, as a laudable portrayal of
political will and a catalyst for behavioral change, this should be improved and expanded to other
points of convergence in the city.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short More visible sign boards in the
area especially for the benefit
of tourists
Maintain clarity of yellow
boxes and pedestrian lanes.

Re-visit hapsay dalan
ordinance for massive
implementation(starting with
carmen and cogon then city-
wide)
Re-visit city ordinance on
anti-vandalism

Medium Implementation of hapsay
dalan in critical areas of
convergence as cogon and
carmen markets

Ordinance of not
selling/releasing of rugby and
other sealant products to
children and to un-authorize
frequent buyers

Long City-wide implementation



2. Invest in intensive police and citizen monitoring on known drug-dens, child-trafficking
entry points and child prostitution areas, apprehend suspects in accordance with law, and
adopt gender appropriate interventions. The people of the city especially the youth should be
given appropriate training to spot highly suspicious activities and create a quick-response system.

33
The barangay tanod force should also complement this by organizing citizen crime watch groups
in barangays.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short 24 hrs. Police duty or tanod
duty on police outputs city-
wide
Tanod roving to prevent
vandalism

Organize stress de-briefing
committee for victims of child
, drug, prostitution abuse,


Medium Establishment of
police task force on robbery
and theft especially on pujs

Implementation of
curfew for minors.
Child and womens
desk in all police stations to
cater to reports on children
trafficking, or prostitution
abuse.


Amendment to eliminate m
imprisonment and fine
penalties instead make it
community service for the
parents
Long Creation of emegency hotline
and facilities (including
police, bomb squad, fire)

Additional shelters for abused

3
4
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


34
victims



3. The city and the police force should continue to be strict in monitoring bars and
entertainment areas especially near centers of learning. The city should be strict in reviewing
businesses near schools on their operation and what they sell as required by law. The barangay
councils should also create multi-sectoral task forces that monitor the surroundings of schools.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short RCB inspection of
establishments near high
schools and elementary
schools

Medium Monitoring and
implementation of ordinance
#8099-2002


Long



ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL
ACTION


Hapsay Dalan Youth Advocacy In partnership with the NSTP of the different colleges and
universities, the Oro Youth Development Council would engage in social media advocacy

35
campaigns in the Divisoria area. This also includes disseminating information about the local
traffic code.

Summit on the Role of the Youth in Crime Prevention In partnership with the PNP, this is
half-day summit with different youth leaders around the city. The aim of this summit is to provide
the youth a crime situationer, presentation of internet based program created by computer
engineering students and action points for the youth to become active players in curbing crime.
The summit would also help the groups create their own crime prevention plans in their
respective organizations.

Business Establishment Profiling and School Caravan on Ordinance student leaders from
high schools through the In-school youth sector will profile the different establishments near their
schools. The data will then be forwarded to the proper authorities for enforcement.






3
6
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


36





5.
Leadership and Value
Formation towards
Good
Governance

37


Good governance cannot be achieved without people empowerment.

In our political tradition, it is only during elections that we hold our public officials accountable.
And when the fervor of election pass, we then go back to our ordinary lives and disengage
letting the politicians do their own thing. This should not be the case if we want a government
that is responsive to the needs of its bosses. That is why engagement with government should be
sustained all throughout the term of the leader. It is in this constant dialogue that ideas mature,
trust builds and action multiplies. Accountability and transparency should be constantly
demanded.

The youth calls on city hall to strengthen these partnerships with civil society by institutionalizing
mechanisms of peoples participation in local governance. Though it is already a policy of the
state to do so, the local government unit should creatively expand it as what have been done by
other LGUs through a Peoples Council.

The youths role is vital in building strong political institutions. We should be seen as partners
and not merely as manpower volunteers. Our experiences engaging with government in
meaningful programs posses tremendous formative value. We shift from a mentality of being
mere recipients of services to real partners that engage the policy and direction of the
community.


YOUTH POLICY AGENDA

The youth leaders raised the following policy agenda.

1. Invest in youth profiling and barangay youth organizing and empowerment. The needs of
the youth in the barangay level should be identified and prioritized in order to guide the barangay
government and the barangay youth leaders in forming their strategic interventions. The city
3
8
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


38
should also invest in capacity buildings for barangay youth organizations that focus on
organizational development, engaged citizenship formation and basic political education.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Executive support Resolution supporting Aquino
version of the SK reform
Medium Financial support for the youth
convergence
Adopt the resolution of the
convergence
Long Bi-partisan support Enactment of youth code

2. Invest in an independent youth leadership formation program that anchors in political
education and good governance in public service for youth leaders. The city through the Oro
Youth Development Council should also invest in the formation of youth policy-makers. Those
youth councilors who sit as representatives to different local bodies should be given skills
training on basic policy analysis and making, social advocacy, and basic law.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short MOU with academe about the
formation program

Medium Training program proper
Long Certification course for youth
leaders in governance




3. Creation of a policy on transparency and mechanism for peoples participation in local
governance. To ultimately sustain the gains of peoples participation in local governance, the city
should enact an ordinance that institutionalizes civil society participation in the direction of the
city. These body becomes the official peoples representative to local government which shall
then choose who will sit in the different bodies. This is a bottoms-up approach. It is not the

39
executive who will choose who sits as peoples representatives but the people themselves would
choose. This is also an entry point for pushing a peoples agenda.

TERM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE
Short Make transparency and
accountability an executive
policy
The City Council should
create a user friendly website
that publishes all ordinances
and resolutions
Medium Mayor is open to Kapihan
with the youth

Long Endorsement by the Mayor of
the creation of Peoples
Council
Ordinance creating the
Peoples Council





ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL
ACTION
Oro Youth Engaged Citizenship Program

This program has two components namely (1) Barangay Youth Leadership Development
Program (2) Oro Youth Political Education Program. The first program provides the organized
youth of the barangay resources to help them develop the organization. This includes seminars on
strategic planning, needs assessment, project evaluation and monitoring. The OYDC also
provides researches on the basic needs of the youth in their particular barangay. The second
program provides an educational program to the different youth councilors and local body
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THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


40
representatives. This includes policy analysis and policy making, developing social advocacies
and mobilizing resources.

Alternative Symposium on Public Issues

The OYDC shall organize a series of talks on pertinent issues such as accountability and
transparency. This shall serve as a reminder for the youth and the local government on the
vitality of public trust in the institutions in order to sustain development.

Peoples Council Advocacy

The OYDC strongly supports the creation of the Cagayan de Oro Peoples Council in order to
strengthen and institutionalize peoples participation in local governance.





















41






SUMMARY


ACCESS TO QUALITY EDUCATION AND SKILLS
DEVELOPMENT TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT

EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE ORO YOUTH
ACTION
Invest in multi-
sectoral
participation
and youth
private public
partnerships in
reducing the
drop out rate
and increase the
NAT results

Short
Term
MOU with the NSTP,
DepEd, the School
Board and the
College Student
Government on
tutorial program
Budgetary support

NAT Tutorials by
the College
Student Council
and School of
Education
Student Councils
30 pupil scholars
pledge program
Creation fo the

Medium
Term
Invest In teachers
skills training with
DepEd and NGOs
Ordinance on
Drop-outs,
absenteeism and
illiteracy as DILG
memorandum
Circular No
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2
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


42
2014-26 Youth Committee
on Employment

Active
Representation
in the Local
School Board

City College
Scholars Life
Coaching

Long
Term
Initiate coordination
with private academic
institutions to develop
a uniform tutorial
program that will
prepare students for
the NAT.
Budgetary support

Invest on school
infrastructure,
cloud-based
knowledge, and
teachers
development in
consonance with
K-12

Short
Term
Reduce classroom
shortage by half
incorporating disaster
resilient design

Exapnsion of text to
teach program of
Ayala Foundation to
include other
classrooms

Medium
Term


Long
Term

Close the classroom
shortage of the city

Evaluate and
integrate the
different
vocational
courses offered
by different
agencies and
create venues
for youth with
special needs
access to
education



Short
Term
Profiling of TESDA
Courses.
Streamline all skills
training program of
the CITY under the
ALS, CID and
TESDA and create a
one stop skills
development area.

The beneficiaries
must be evaluated by
the CSWD and a
member of out of
school youth
association (PYAP).
Recommended by
CSWD. Belong to an
Indigent family and
Youth career and
skills
development
ordinances.
16-30 years old
80% passing rate
Fresh or old
graduate.


43
recognize by the Oro
Youth Council
Medium
Term
College Admission of
PWD
City Ordinance of
PWD College
Admission


Long
Term
Scholarship
of PWD

City Ordinance of
PWD Scholarship

Expand the city
college
scholarship
program and
improve its
screening and
development
interventions


Short
Term
Inclusion of youth
representative in the
scholarship
committee

Medium
Term
Stricter grade
compliance and
return service
Expansion of
scholarship
program to
include PWDs

Long
Term
Creation of a
community college
One stop shop for
scholarship
programs of every
university/college in
the city
Ordinance
creating a
community
college and
allocating funds
thereof.



Sustainable Urban Living and Youth dimension in
Disaster risk reduction and management
EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE ORO YOUTH
ACTION
The city should
increase green
patches in the
city centers to
encourage urban
gardening and
greening.
Short
Term
Divisoria Greening
Initiative
None Urban Greening
Advocacy

Barangay Youth
Advocacy on
Solid Waste
Management

Citywide youth
forum on
disaster
preparedness
and

Medium
Term
Creation of Urban
greening Plan
Ordinance
requiring couples
to plant a tree as a
condition for
issuance of
marriage license
Long
Term
Adopting green belts
within the city area
Urban greening
Ordinance
The city should
increase youth-
Incorporate youth in
the Disaster Risk and
Management Council
Resolution calling
for barangay level
training with youth
4
4
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


44
led action in
disaster risk
reduction and
management and
environmental
protection.
(define roles)
Short
Term
and barangay level
training
groups management

Eco-bag use
advocacy
Medium
Term
Improvement of
warning infrastructure
and strict
implementation of
building rules and
reguations


Long
Term
Institutionalization of
youth presence in
disaster training and
decision making
process
Appropriate
Ordinance


The city should
strictly
implement the
provisions of the
Solid Waste
Management Act
and empower
barangays to
manage their
own waste


Short
Term
Convene the Solid
Waste Management
Council with youth
representative


Medium
Term
Closure of the open
dump site and
opening of sanitary
land fill
Appropriate
Ordinance
Long
Term
Biodegradable
already collected in
the barangay level
Appropriate
Ordinance
requiring major
barangays to
collect their
biodegradables


Awareness and Accessibility to Basic Health Care
Services and Youth Involvement towards Healthy
Lifestyle

EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE ORO YOUTH
ACTION
The city should
continue to invest
in the
empowerment of
barangay health
centers and

Short
Term
Increase Philhealth
coverage by 20%
Budgetary
Support
Barangay
Youth Health
Conferences
on philhealth,
HIV, and
Teenage
Continuous
upgrading of JR
Budgetary
Support

45
expand Phileath
coverage
especially to the
marginalized
youth
Medium
Term
Borja Hospital and
barangay health
centers in major
and far-flung
barangays

Pregnancies


Youth
Groups
sponsored
feeding
programs

Long
Term

The city should
continue to invest
in child nutrition
and strengthen
and Monitor the
implementation
of in-school
hygiene programs


Short
Term
Report to School
Board on the status
of the hygiene
programs of the
public schools


Medium
Term
Expand feeding
programs of day
care centers and
other schools in
partnership with
private sector


Long
Term
3
rd
part monitoring
on the
implementation of
the hygine
programs

The city should
adopt a
comprehensive
program aimed at
reducing the
presence of street
children and
return them to
productive life



Short
Term
Implementation of
the Curfew for
Minors with 3
rd

party monitoring
Support by the
barangays


Medium
Term
Complete profiling
of street kids

Long
Term
Construction and
of a home or play
are for street kids
where they can
slowly be formed
back to productive
life
Budgetary
support
Intensify proper
and age
appropriate sex
education to

Short
Term
Creation of HIV-
AIDS multi-
sectoral taskforce

4
6
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


46
curve the
growing cases of
HIV-AIDS and
address
increasing cases
of teenage
Pregnancy.


Medium
Term
Increase education
campaign for HIV-
AIDS and proper
reproductive health
education by 20%


Long
Term
Creation Center
for HIV-AIDS
Local Action
Center




SAFETY AND YOUTHS ROLE IN CRIME
PREVENTION and PEACE BUILDING

EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE ORO YOUTH
ACTION
The city should
expand its
Hapsay Dalan
operations to
other points of
convergence,
insure safety of
public places
and intensify
partnership
with barangay
tanods



Short
Term
More visible sign
boards in the area
especially for the
benefit of tourists
Maintain clarity
of yellow boxes
and pedestrian
lanes.

Re-visit hapsay dalan
ordinance for massive
implementation(starting
with carmen and cogon
then city-wide)
Re-visit city ordinance
on anti-vandalism

Hapsay Dalan
Youth
Advocacy

Medium
Term
Implementation
of hapsay dalan in
critical areas of
convergence as
cogon and carmen
markets

Ordinance of not
selling/releasing of
rugby and other sealant
products to children and
to un-authorize frequent
buyers

Summit on the
Role of the
Youth in Crime
Prevention


Business
Establishment
Profiling and
City-wide

47

Long
Term

implementation

School Caravan
on Ordinance
Invest in intensive
police and citizen
monitoring on
known and
potential drug-
dens, child-
trafficking entry
points and child
prostitution areas,
apprehend suspects
in accordance with
law, and adopt
gender appropriate
interventions.



Short
Term
24 hrs. Police
duty or tanod duty
on police outputs
city-wide
Tanod roving to
prevent
vandalism

Organize stress
de-briefing
committee for
victims of child ,
drug, prostitution
abuse,

24 hrs. Police duty or
tanod duty on police
outputs city-wide
Tanod roving to prevent
vandalism

Organize stress de-
briefing committee for
victims of child , drug,
prostitution abuse,



Medium
Term

Establish
ment of police
task force on
robbery and theft
especially on
pujs

Implemen
tation of curfew
for minors.
Child and
womens desk in
all police stations
to cater to reports
on children
trafficking, or
prostitution abuse.

Establishment of
police task force on
robbery and theft
especially on pujs

Implementation
of curfew for minors.
Child and
womens desk in all
police stations to cater to
reports on children
trafficking, or
prostitution abuse.



4
8
THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


48


Long
Term
Creation of
emegency hotline
and facilities
(including police,
bomb squad, fire)

Additional
shelters for
abused victims
Creation of emegency
hotline and facilities
(including police, bomb
squad, fire)

Additional shelters for
abused victimm




The city should
continue to be
strict in
monitoring bars
and
entertainment
areas specially
near centers of
learning

Short
Term
RCB inspection
of establishments
near high schools
and elementary
schools

Strict review on
business permits



Medium
Term
Monitoring and
implementation of
ordinance #8099-
2002




Long
Term


Leadership and Values formation towards good
governance

EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE ORO YOUTH
ACTION

49
Invest in youth
profiling and
barangay youth
organizing and
empowerment


Short
Term
Executive support Resolution
supporting Aquino
version of the SK
reform
75% of
barangays have
a federated
youth
organization


Oro Youth
Engaged
Citizenship
Program

Symposium on
FOI Bill

Peoples Council
Advocacy


Medium
Term
Financial support
for the youth
convergence
Adopt the
resolution of the
convergence

Long
Term
Bi-partisan support Enactment of youth
code
Invest in an
independent non-
partisan youth
leadership
formation
program that
anchors in
political
education and
good governance
in public service
for youth leaders


Short
Term
MOU with
academe about the
formation program


Medium
Term
Training program
proper


Long
Term
Certification course
for youth leaders in
governance

Creation of a
policy on
transparency and
mechanism for
peoples
participation in
local governance


Short
Term
Make transparency
and accountability
an executive policy
The City Council
should create a user
friendly website
that publishes all
ordinances and
resolutions

Medium
Term
Mayor is open to
Kapihan with the
youth


Long
Term
Endorsement by the
Mayor of the
creation of Peoples
Council
Ordinance creating
the Peoples
Council


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THE ORO YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AGENDA


50