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MAPEH
Learners Material
Unit 1


Drawing

















This instructional material was collaboratively developed
and reviewed by educators from public and private schools,
colleges, and/or universities. We encourage teachers and other
education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and
recommendations to the Department of Education at
action@deped.gov.ph.

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MAPEH Grade 3
Learners Material
First Edition, 2013
ISBN:

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Published by the Department of Education
Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC
Undersecretary: Yolanda S. Quijano, Ph.D.
Assistant Secretary: Elena R. Ruiz, Ph.D.


















Printed in the Philippines by ____________

Department of Education-Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (DepEd-IMCS)

Office Address: 2
nd
Floor Dorm G, PSC Complex
Meralco Avenue, Pasig City
Philippines 1600
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Development Team of the Learners Material
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Table of Contents

Lesson 1
Kinds of Lines and their Characteristics.. 4
Lesson 2
People of Different Sizes . 7
Lesson 3
Illusion of Space .. 8
Lesson 4
Visual Texture 11
Lesson 5
Landscape Drawing 14
Lesson 6
Textures and Shapes . 17
Lesson 7
Pencil Drawing 19
Lesson 8
Historical Houses and Building ... 22

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LEARNERS MATERIALS (LM)



First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson No.1 : Kinds of Lines and their Characteristics
Code A3PR-If : Create a geometric design by contrasting
two kind of lines in terms of types or sizes

THINK ABOUT THIS

A line is formed when two points are connected. There are
two kinds of lines the straight lines and the curve lines. Curve lines
are wavy and spiral. A line can be thick, thin, wide, or narrow.
Types of straight lines are horizontal lines, vertical lines, diagonal
lines, and broken lines.
Geometric designs are designs based on lines or simple
shapes such as rectangles, triangles, and circles.

BE CREATIVE

Activity I : Making a Design for a Gift Wrap

Materials:
oslo paper, pencil, crayons, pastel colors, ruler

Procedure:

1. Prepare the materials needed for this activity.
2. Think of a design that is appropriate for a gift
wrap.
3. Use and combine different kinds of lines for your
design.
4. Color your work to make it attractive and think
of a title for your work.
5. Make sure that the artwork is neat and clean.

5

Draw your design here:




































Title





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FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS




An artist can create attractive and meaningful designs
using the different kinds of lines.



TAKE THE CHALLENGE

Creative Paper Bag

1. Cut a piece of colored /craft paper measuring 9.5 x 15
inches.
2. Fold the bottom edge of the paper up 2 inches (5 cm)
and sharply crease the fold.
3. Fold the sides of the bag into place and paste.
(Ask for the teachers assistance if necessary.)
4. Flip the bag over so that it sits glued side-down.
5. Fold the side-creases inward to create a slight accordion
effect.
6. Fold and glue the bottom of the bag into place.
7. Now add the handles.
8. Paste the pre-designed gift wrap on the paper bag.
9. Use glue sparingly.
10. Decorate it more with art supplies such as glitter, paint
and markers.













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LEARNERS MATERIAL
First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson No. 2 : People of Different Sizes
Code A3EL-Ia : Distinguishes the size of persons in the
drawing, by their distance from the
viewer

THINK ABOUT THIS

In a drawing, the sizes of objects may differ. Objects look
smaller when they are far from the viewer, and larger
when they are near.













FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS

In a drawing, objects that are near to the viewer are drawn
bigger while objects are far from the viewer are drawn smaller.

Pictureofchildrenwiththesameagegroupplaying
thatshowsdistance....childrenneartheviewer,atthe
middleandfarfromtheviewer(thesizesvarybased
ontheirplacement)
L2-1
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BE CREATIVE
Activity 1:
Directions:
1. Imagine and then, draw a view of a farm or farmscape.
2. Add images of persons in the seascape with different sizes
according to the distance from the viewer.
3. Color your drawing.
4. Give a title for your finished artwork.
5. Show your finished artwork to your classmates and tell
something about it.








First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson No.3 : Illusion of Space
Code: A3EL-Ib : Shows illusion of space in drawing objects
and
Persons of different sizes

THINK ABOUT THIS

In a drawing, the farther the distance from the viewer,
the smaller the object, the nearer the distance from the
viewer the bigger the object. This is called Illusion of Space.

L2-2
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The use of illusion of space is a technique or process


used by an artist to show distance, depth, and width in an
artwork.








BE CREATIVE
Activity 1
Drawing of Community
Procedure:
1. Go out of the room and look for a place where you
can view the surroundings of the school.
2. Prepare your materials.
3. In your bond paper, draw a horizontal line to serve as
horizon.
4. Draw a dot at the center, left, or right side of the
drawing Area.
5. From the dot, draw two slant lines below to form as
pathway.
6. Draw another two slant lines above the horizontal line
to
serve as guide in drawing persons and objects.
7. Make sure that objects near the viewer are bigger than
the objects far from the viewer.
8. Color your drawing and put a title.

Be creative and Unique in your output!

PictureofadrawingofafamousFilipinoartistshowinganillusionofspace.

Labelitwiththenameoftheartistandthetitleofthedrawing.
L3-1
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FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS



In a drawing, the farther the distance from the viewer, the
smaller the object, the nearer the distance from the viewer the
bigger the object. This is called Illusion of Space.

Take the Challenge

Instruction:
Check the box of the picture that shows illusion of space.





1.___ 2.____







3.___ 4.___




L3-2
L3-3
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Learners Material

First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson 4 : Visual Texture
Code A3PL-Ic : Appreciates that artists create visual
textures by using lines, dots, and colors

THINK ABOUT THIS

Still life drawing is one of the processes in showing ones
creativity. We can use cross hatch lines and pointillism to produce
visual textures. Cross hatch lines are marks of two or more sets of
intersecting parallel lines while pointillism is a technique done by
applying small dots to a surface to form a picture.

Our eyes can only determine visual textures; they cannot be
touched or felt. We distinguish the texture of the object in a
picture by looking at it.













BE CREATIVE

Still Life Drawing with Cross Hatch Lines and Dots
1. Prepare the drawing materials.
L4-1
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2. Arrange the objects to be drawn (ex. different kinds


of
fruits , bottles, etc.) in a pleasing arrangement to be
used as model.
3. Draw the arranged objects with the use of pencil.
4. Choose cross hatching or pointillism(using of dots) to
show the texture of the
objects. Use only one technique.
5. Seek the help of the teacher if needed.
6. Write a title for your finished artwork and display it on
the board.














Title

FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS

Visual Texture is a texture that can only be noticed by looking at
the picture of an object. It cannot be touched or felt.




L4-2
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TAKE THE CHALLENGE



Think of an animal that flies or swims.
Draw it and apply cross hatch lines and dots to show visual
textures. Use your imagination!








BE PROUD


In the circle, draw a if your answer is YES

and if your answer is NO. Then, give a short

explanation.

1. Did I use cross hatch lines and dots in drawing a still life?

Why ? _______________________

2. Did I show creativity in doing my artwork?

How? ________________________


3. Did I use different kinds of lines and colors to create visual
texture in my artwork?

How? ________________________
L4-4
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4. Did I show appreciation to my works


and the works of others?

How? ________________________

LEARNERS MATERIAL
First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson 5 : LANDSCAPE DRAWING
Code A3PL ld : Tells that in a landscape, the nearest
object
drawn is the foreground; the objects
behind the foreground are the middle
ground, while the farthest objects are
the background.

THINK ABOUT THIS

An artist makes objects appear bigger and smaller in his/her
drawing depending on their placement or position in the
foreground, middle ground, and background.

Objects in the foreground are usually big because they
appear to be in the front and nearest to the viewer while objects
in the backgrounds appear smaller for they are far from the
viewer. Objects in the middle ground are found between the
background and foreground.

Background


Middle ground




Foreground
L5-1
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The principle of balance is shown in the picture through the


distribution of objects seen in the foreground, middle ground, and
background within the composition.

BE CREATIVE

LANDSCAPE DRAWING

1. Think of a scene or landscape in your province or region
that you want to draw.
2. Decide what objects are to be included in the drawing.
3. Draw a landscape showing the foreground, middle ground and
background.
4. Position the objects in the landscape to show balance.
5. Color the drawing and write a title for it.


















L5-2
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FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS



There is a feeling of balance when there is foreground, middle
ground, and background in the composition.


TAKE THE CHALLENGE

Identify the foreground, middle ground, and background in each
of the pictures below.

1.



2.




L5-3
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BE PROUD

Put a if your answer is Yes if No.

RUBRIC
1. Did I draw the foreground, middle ground, and
background in the drawing to show balance?

2. Did I draw the landscape or land formations
found in the region?

3. Did I take pride in my landscape drawing by
showing it to others?

4. Did I finish my artwork on time?

LEARNERS MATERIAL
First Quarter : DRAWING
Lesson No. 6 : Textures and Shapes

Code A3PR-lg : Sketches on-the-spot outside or near the
school to draw a plant, flowers or a tree
showing the different textures and shape of
each part, using only a pencil, black crayon,
ballpen.

THINK ABOUT THIS

Sketching is a fast way to record observations of what you
see. These lines and forms are often simple but beautiful. On the
other hand, drawing is usually considered more of a finished piece
than a sketch. This generally means that a drawing will contain
more visual details than a sketch. Drawings are complete
statements of a scene or subject compared to sketches.

BE CREATIVE

Sketching of a Plant, Flower, or a Tree

1. Look for a plant, flower, or tree that you would want
to draw.
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2. Sketch then draw the details of it.


3. Show its texture using different kinds of lines and
shapes.
4. Enhance your drawing by applying colors of your
choice.
5. Present your output to the class and share your
experiences while doing the activity.































___________________________________________
Title

FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS

L5-4
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Lines and shapes are used in making sketches. A sketch is


an incomplete work of art which may lack details and color.
It is a guide used by an artist to produce his final work of art.
TAKE THE CHALLENGE

Make a sketch of an object seen inside the classroom .







BE PROUD
Rate your outputs based on the rubric below.
RUBRIC 3
Very
Evident
2
Evident
1
Not
Evident
1. I drew an example of a natural
object seen outside the
classroom.

2. I made a sketch of the object
before finalizing my artwork.

3. Texture and shape were evident
in my drawing.

4. I shared my feelings about my
experience to my classmates
after the art activity.


LEARNERS MATERIALS

First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson No. 7 : Pencil Drawing
Code A3PR-lh & Ie : 1. Creates a pencil or pen drawing of scene
in daily life, where people in the

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province/region show their occupation by


the action they are doing.
2. Describe the way of life of people in the
cultural community.
THINK ABOUT THIS

Work or occupation is important to our lives. It is an activity
that serves as one's regular source of livelihood to earn money for
his/her familys everyday living.

Here are some occupations in different places that are rich
in culture.











Sculpturing in Paete, Laguna Weaving in Aklan











J ar making in Ilocos Painting in Angono, Rizal

(Source: En.wikipedia.org; stella-arnaldo.blogspot.com; rizalprovince.ph)

BE CREATIVE

Activity 1. You will be grouped into two to perform the following activities:




L7-1
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There are different kinds of occupations in the country like weaving,


painting, sculpture, jar making, and carpentry. These are the major source
of income in a region or province.

Group members should
Identify the different
kinds of occupations that
people in your place have
andthethingstheydo.

Present the song


with action in
frontoftheclass.

Write a 4line jingle or a


rap about the
occupations of the
people in your place
using the tune of any
song.
Identify the different
kinds of occupations that
people in your place have
andthethingstheydo.

Choose three kinds of


occupations.

Take turns in drawing and


coloring the three kinds of
works or occupations in a
manilapaper.

Choosealeaderto
presentyourgroup
output.
Aleadershould
presentandexplainto
theclassyourgroup
output.

Group 1
Group 2
























Activity 2. (Suggested Activity)
Draw one kind of occupation that you see in your province or
region in a bond paper. Use a pencil or a pen.

FRAME YOUR THOUGHTS






BE PROUD

Evaluate your group based on the rubric below.

3
Very
Evident
2

Evident
1
Not
Evident
1. We took part in doing the group
activity by sharing my ideas.

2. We kept our working area clean and
orderly.

3. We were able to create a pencil
L7-2
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drawing of the different occupations in


my province or region.
4. We respected the works and ideas of
others.

5. We are proud of the occupations of
the people in my province or region.



LEARNERS MATERIAL
First Quarter : Drawing
Lesson No. 8 : Historical Houses and Buildings
Code A3PR-Ii : Sketches and colors the view of the
province/region with houses and buildings
indicating the foreground middle ground
and
background by the size of the objects.

THINK ABOUT THIS
Lines and shapes are very important for us to represent or
draw objects. To draw objects we should remember and apply
the use of foreground, middle ground, and background.
BE CREATIVE

Drawing of Historical Houses or Buildings
1. Choose any historical houses and buildings you see in
your locality/province or region.
2. Using different kinds of lines and shapes, draw the
historical house or building you choose.
3. Add the structure with your own design.
4. Draw the things that you would like to be in the
foreground, middle ground, and background.
5. Color it and place it on the blackboard.







L7-3
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TAKE THE CHALLENGE

Identify what is being pointed in the drawing. Write your
answers on the blank provided.

2. _______________________

1. _____________________

3.________________

L8-1
L8-2