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A huge advantage of the regeneration theory is that fine-tuning need not be perfect to achieve a flat cosmos.


The Big Bang cosmos as presently viewed is “flat” in 4-dimension space-time terms, yet is destined to expand at an accelerated rate to its ultimate final entropy. A regenerating cosmos on the other hand is also flat but exists perpetually at stable equilibrium. Our local universe reflects the flatness of the cosmos, but fluctuates in size with the expansions and contractions of the wave it inhabits.

Gravitational mass density is in constant contention with the propulsive force of regenerating black holes. The multiple relationships between the forces required to create this stable cosmos and oscillating universe are described here.

The cosmos is filled with wave energy whose contractive and expansive effects net out to zero with sufficient mass density to keep the cosmos flat. If the cosmos begins with an omega equal to or greater than 1, it will settle into equilibrium at which omega equals 1. The equilibrium is a stable one, because any deviation from this norm brings into play opposing contractive or expansive forces until equilibrium is restored.

The wave-dominated harmonic cosmos self-tunes itself to achieve perpetual life. An initial mass density greater than 1 adjusts itself to equal 1 through adjustment of both propulsive and compressive dynamics.


The circumstances within the cosmos are different than those that exist within a single universe. If ours is a perpetual cosmos, as the Darwinian assumptions imply, then the cosmos will have an omega equal to 1. It will be both stable and flat. The primary and secondary wave actions governing the constituent universes will be balanced between expansion and compression, thereby neutral in effect. The mass/energy density of the cosmos will be sufficient to restrain all expansive energy, including that generated by the quasars themselves, vacuum energy, stellar energy, and any other types of expansive energy that may exist.

Omega and Quasar Propulsion

The initial mass density of a regenerating cosmos is not critical for its survival. If its originally created mass density is sufficient to prevent perpetual expansion, the cosmos will adjust itself to reach a balance between expansion and contraction. Its mass density determines the level of expansion but can never force it into complete collapse.

This fortuitous stability is due to the propulsive effect of regeneration. The explosions of generative quasars in the multiple wave contractions maintain a specific density of the cosmos in which the multiple quasar forces of expansion are in equilibrium with the gravitational forces of compression. From this we can derive a principle:

A regenerating cosmos self-adjusts its mass density to the level at which average gravitational intensity equals average repulsive intensity. On average, therefore, omega equals 1.

As a result of these cosmic dynamics, it is no longer necessary to be concerned with the specific omega of our local universe. These dynamics also obviate the theoretical problem concerning why and how our cosmos obtained an omega so close to 1. With regeneration, this is no longer a critical concern. A regenerating cosmos permits a huge range of densities for its successful origination and continued existence. Inflation need no longer be posited as a cause, although it may or may not have played its role when the universe was formed in the distant past.

An analogy to this expansive effect exists all around us. Without gravitational pressure upon it, air expands. Without gravity it would dissipate into space. However, air and other gases adjust to whatever gravitational pressures they experience. Although, unlike the quasars, the molecules do not increase in number with compression, they change their density until a balance is achieved with the pressure upon them. This balance corresponds to the equilibrium level of a regenerating universe. The quasar “molecules” increase in density until achieving equilibrium.

How Differs from the Big Bang?

How does this method of achieving stability differ from what is necessary in a Big Bang universe? Fortunately for achieving perpetual existence, there is a major difference

between the capabilities of a Big Bang universe and those of a regenerating universe to

reach a balance between expansion and compression.

adjust its own mass/energy density and its forces of expansion. It does not have the disadvantage of dealing with a one-time expansion, which must be compensated for. It creates its own incremental units of expansion, which adjust to whatever is required to

A regenerating universe is able to

achieve the proper balance.

Only one physical requirement exists: the cosmos must initially be created with an omega greater than 1, sufficiently greater to offset any propulsive energy that may exist. This large omega would then cause the cosmos to contract. As the cosmos contracts it brings into play increased forces of expansion. These forces increase at a much more rapid rate than gravitational intensity increases. This is accomplished by an exponential increase in quasar generation as described in the previous chapter.

The contraction continues only until a balance is achieved. At this point the cosmos becomes stable and remains stable. The cosmos itself is at equilibrium, even though its component universes may not be. In this way the cosmos adjusts itself to a form suitable for sustaining a self-regenerating permanent existence.

Comparing Force Relationships

The explosive impact of congested quasars in the compression phase of the primary waves will prevent the cosmos from collapsing. The cosmos will stabilize at an equilibrium level between expansion and contraction. The universe will not stabilize but will fluctuate. These differing characteristics are illustrated by the formulas. Definitions of the key variables and their relationships are shown below.

Generative Quasars: The principal sources of energy that maintain cosmic expansion and create the cosmic waves in the first place are the generative quasars and primary wave fireballs resulting from the eruption of black holes. The quasar fireballs are the most powerful energy sources in existence, rivaling the Big Bang itself. They therefore play the primary role in the force relationships within the cosmos.

Quasars are less prominent in our local universe because we are higher up the wave hierarchy. The principal force in our universe is probably the wave action resulting from the cosmic turbulence.

Let Qe represent the expansive influence of quasars as determined by the subnuclear propulsion relationships described in the previous chapter.

Let Qg represent the gravitational impact of quasar energy.

Wave Energy: Wave energy is both expansive and compressive within the cosmos. In our universe it is presently expansive with a compressive gravitational component contributing to the mass/energy density of our universe. Ultimately, when we pass the top of the cycle, wave energy in our universe will become compressive.

In the cosmos as a whole wave energy is expansively neutral but gravitationally compressive, contributing significantly to its mass/energy density. The following aspects of wave energy are significant within the cosmos and the universe.

Let We represent expansive wave energy.

Let Wc represent compressive wave energy.

Let Wg represent the gravitational impact of wave energy.

Other Energy:

Let Oe represent the net expansive influence of all other energy in the cosmos, such as stellar energy and vacuum energy.

Let Og represent the gravitational impact of all other energy.


Let Mg represent the gravitational impact of all mass in the universe, including galaxies, stars, gases, particulate matter and dark matter.

From these symbols we may develop representations of the balance of forces within the total cosmos and within our local universe, consistent with the “gravi-nuclear” interactions. described in Gravi-Nuclear Force Relationships.

Cosmos Force Relationships

From these assumptions the equation for a stable cosmos at cosmic equilibrium would be

Qe + Oe

= Wg + Mg + Qg + Og

where Wg represents the sum of both expansive and compressive wave action. We balances our to zero impact for the cosmos as a whole and is omitted from the equation. As shown by the boldface italics, Qe most likely dominates the expansive side, while the gravitational impact of wave energy Wg most likely dominates the mass/energy compressive side of the equation.

This means that at cosmic equilibrium the total expansive energy in the cosmos is equal to the total gravitational force including the gravitational components of energy. Bold face italicized entries emphasize the overriding significance of quasar energy on the one side and the gravitational component of wave energy on the other side in the dynamics of the cosmos.

Universe Force Relationships

Force relationships within the universe differ from those in the cosmos because of their cyclical nature. Wave energy controls the nature of the cycle. It is expansive in the early stages and compressive in the latter. This variability affects the intensity of the other forces. The present expansive phase of our universe’s cycle exhibits the following relationships.


We + Qe + Oe

> Wg + Mg + Qg + Og

In the expansion phase of our universe We is the dominant source of expansive energy. It probably outranks the quasar energy that exists in the compression phase. Wg is the major contributor to the mass/energy density of the universe at this stage, but is insufficient to reverse the cycle. These relationships are contrasted with the power relationships within an expansive primary wave wherein the “big bang fireball” of quasars initiates and dominates the expansion.

The eventual compressive phase of our universe will exhibit the following relationships:

Qe +


Oe < Wc + Wg + Mg + Qg +Og

Once the top of the cycle is reached, compressive wave energy Wc and the gravitational impact of wave energy Wg almost certainly will dominate the compression. Almost all forces are compressive in the down phase of the cycle This dominance should also be reflected in the compression phase of the primary waves.

Wave energy is the most significant mass/energy density and expansive influence within our universe at the present time.


Quasars contribute to the early galaxies, but wave action most likely plays the dominant role in the mechanics of our local universe. Wave energy is responsible for the universe’s apparent accelerating expansion and for its subsequent contraction. After further study if it were found that the accelerating expansion observations were in error, that the universe is either expanding at a constant rate or even decelerating, it would only be necessary to assume a different location on the expansion curve to explain the new dynamics.

For the total cosmos, the fireballs of the primary waves provide the principal expansive energy. Since the expansions and contractions of waves neutralize each other, the principal impact of the waves will be the gravitational compressive effect of their energy density. This energy density would be a significant contribution toward maintaining a stable cosmos.


COSMIC DENSITY AND DYNAMICS The Wave Universes Alpha Our Beta Universe Universe Universe Primary Wave Secondary
COSMIC DENSITY AND DYNAMICS The Wave Universes Alpha Our Beta Universe Universe Universe Primary Wave Secondary
Alpha Our Beta Universe Universe Universe Primary Wave Secondary Waves
Primary Wave
Secondary Waves

Cosmos Cross Section

The cosmos adjusts itself to maintain expansive/compressive equilibrium through the actions of the primary waves

At equilibrium omega = 1. The cosmos is flat and stable.

Wave energy provides a major portion of the mass/energy density of the cosmos.

The mass/energy density of the cosmos is sufficient to restrain within it any other expansive energy such as stellar energy and quantum vacuum energy.

Individual universes such as ours have varying mass/energy relationships depending upon the phases of the waves within which they are embedded.